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Name: Christian Abella Date: 9/14/12 Period: 7 Assignment: Homo Habilis Input Chart

` Facial Characteristics: Brain: Brain averaged 610 cc in size representing 1.7% of body weight; a significant increase compared to Australopithecus Environment: Homo habilis lived in a predominantly grassland environment. Small groups banded together for protection. The size of the group depended on the amount of food available. Groups would disband and move on, as food required. With their abilities to craft simple tools, Homo habilis could build simple shelters for protection from weather and animals. Skulls become fuller and rounded; slight forehead appearing; face had small, arched brow ridge (small than earlier ancestors); hole for spine located in center of skull base showed species walked upright. Height: Homo habilis were taller than their ancestors, the human-like primates like Autralopithecus. the average weight of a homo habilis male is almost 100 pounds and average height of male homo habilis is 5. Tools: Man had to get smart to survive. Man did not have strong claws to help them fight. They could not out run early tigers or cave lions. The Homo habilis man is credited with inventing stone tools to help live more comfortably, and to better protect themselves against the many carnivore (meat eating) animals of the time.

Environment/ Diet: The climate was becoming cooler and drier and this may have been the impetus for new feeding ` strategies that included scavenging and tool use. Their main diet was probably fruits, roots, nuts and vegetables that they found growing wild. Analysis shows they did include some meat in their diet.

Name: Christian Abella Date: 9/14/12 Period: 7 Assignment: Homo Habilis Input Chart

Use History Alive! Pages 16-17 to complete the following, Be thorough in your answers. Input Charts are the primary source for Unit Exams (30% HISTORY category) and they need to be used as a study guide. PROMPT 1.) Who discovered Homo habilis? 2.) When did Handy Man live? 3.) How are Australopithecus (Lucy) and Homo habilis (Handy Man) similar and different? 4.) What is important about Homo habilis living in groups? 5.) Identify and explain the importance of the significant clue the Leakeys found. 6.) Describe the Homo habilis tools. 7.) What was required for the tools to be created? 8.) How did tools improve the life of Handy Man? 9.) Describe what is occurring in the picture that crosses pages 16 and 17. 10.) List any questions that you have about Australopithecus and/or Homo habilis. Asking questions is a technique archeologist, anthropologist, paleoanthropologist, historians, and geographers use to uncover unforeseen knowledge and insight. YOUR ANSWER They were discovered by Louis and Mary Leakey They lived about 1.5 to 2 million years ago They both had ape features and also walked on two feet but they were taller, smarter, and more human like. So they can work together to protect themselves against animal attacks and to collected more food. So they know that the hominids had tools for them to survive. The tools were make simple and helped them survive. For them to be useful It helped their life longer. They are skinning a zebra. How did they sharpen their knifes or make their tools?