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A S I E 6133.

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AMERICAN

NATIONAL ANDARD ST

Basic Gas Turbine


ANSI B133.2 - 1977

SECRETARIAT

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS

P U B L I S H E D BY

T H EA M E R I C A NS O C I E T Y United Engineering Center


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OF

.MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
New York, N. Y. 1001 7

345 E a s t 47th Street

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COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system orotherwise,. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Copyright O 1977 by THE AMERICAN SOCIETYOF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.
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FOREWORD
The purpose of the B133 standards is to provide guidance and criteria to facilitate preparation of gas turbine procurement specifications. These standards will also facilitate response to such specifications. The B133 standards provide essential information for the procurement of gas turbine power plants. They apply to open cycle, closed cycle, and semi-closed cycle gas turbines with conventional combustion systems for industrial, marine, and electric power applications. Auxiliaries needed for proper operation are covered. Not included are gas turbines applied to earth moving machines, agricultural and industrial-type tractors, automobiles, trucks, buses and aeropropulsion units. For gas turbines using unconventional or special heat sources (such as: chemical processes, nuclear reactors, or furnaces or supercharged boilers), these standards may be used as a basis for procurement, but appropriate modifications may be necessary. The intent of the B133 standards is to cover the normal requirements of the majority of applications, recognizing that economic trade-offs and reliability implications may differ in some applications. , The user may #desire to add, delete or modify the requirements in this standard to meet his specific needs, in the preparation of his own procurement specification. The B133,2 standard presents and describes features that are desirable for the user to specify in order to select a gas turbine that will yield satisfactory performance, availability and reliability. The B133.2 standard is limited to a consideration of the basic gas turbine including the compressor combustion system and turbine. Suggestions for improvement of this standard will be welcome. They should be sent to The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017. American National Standard B133.2 was approved by the B133 Standards.Committee and final approval by the American National Standards Institute was granted on October 12, 1977.

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ASME 8333.2

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AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS COMMITTEE B133


Procurement Standardsfor Gas Turbines (The following is the roster of the committee at the time of approval of this Standard)

OFFICERS
Hafer, A.A.

Chairman

E. A. Borgmann, Vice Chairman


Alan Bagner, Secretary

STANDARDS COMMITTEE
ACOUSTICAL SOCIETYOF AMERICA R. M, Hoover, Bolt, Beranek and Newman. Incorporated, Houston, Texas R. R. Audette, Alternate, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania AIRCRAFT POROUS MDIA, INCORPORATED F. E. Bishop, Aircraft Porous Media, Incorporated, Glen Cove, New York AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, THE A. A..Hafer, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York Vern Maddox, Alternate, Hydrocarbon Processing, Houston, Texas BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE H. R. Hazard, Battelle Memorial Institute, ;Columbus, Ohio CINCINNATI GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY E. A. Borgmann, Cincinnati Gas and Electric Company,.Cincinnati, Ohio CONSOLIDATED EDISONCOMPANY OF NEW YORK, INCORPORATED Allan Teplitzky, Consolidated Edison Compahy of New York, Incorporated, New York, New York DOW CHEMICAL OF CANADA, LIMITED J. P. Zanyk, Dow Chemical of Canada, Limited, Sarnia, Ontario, Canada EDISON ELECTRIC INSTITUTE J. E. Barry, Missouri Public Service Company, Kansas City, Missouri G. A, Olson, Alternate, Edison Elecfric Institute, New York, New York FEDERAL POWER COMMISSION B. E. Biggerstafc Federal Power Commission, Washington, C. D. L. A. Schuppin, Alternate, Federal Power Commission, Washington, D. C. GENERAL ELECTRICCOMPANY R. L. Hendrickson, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York A. N. Smith, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS A. C. Dolbec, General Electric Company, Greenville, South Carolina R. D, Miller, Alternate, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED P. E. Babson, Mechanical Technology, Incorporated, Latham, New York PURDUE UNIVERSITY M. R. LeCuyer, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana SOCIETY OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS AND MARINE ENGINEERS Dr. D. A. Rains, Ingalls Shipbuilding Division, Litfon Industries, Pascagoula, Mississippi
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A S I E 8333.2

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TRANSCANADA PIPELINE, LIMITED D. G. Donaghey, Transcanada Pipeline, Limited, Toronto, Ontario, Canada TURBODYNE CORPORATION L. T. Brinson, Turbodyne Corporation, St. Cloud, Minnesota TURBO POWER AND MARINE SYSTEMS G. E. Edgerly, Turbo Power and Marine Systems, Farmington, Connecticut
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US. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE James Tremante, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washingt0n;D. C, USTAG FOR ISO/TC7O/SC6 T. E. Stott, Stal-Laval, Incorporated, Elmsford, New Ydrk
WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORP~RATION 'S. M. DeCorss, WesfinghouseElectric Corporation,~Lester, Pennsylvai& A. Haftel, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Lester, Pennsylvania

WOODWARD GOVERNOR COMPANY K, A..Teumer, Woodward Governor Company, Fort Collins, Colorado INDIVIDUAL MEMBER
R. A. Harmon, Consultant, Latham, New York

PERSONNEL OF TASK FORCE B133.2, GAS TURBINE

A. O. White, Chairman, Mechanical Technology, Incorporated, Latham, New York R. S. Adelizzi, Wesfinghouse Electric Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania E. D. Alderson, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York C L. Knauf, Long Island Lighting Company, HicksviUe, New York . W. L, McGaw, Turbo Power and Marine Systems, Farmington, Connecticut L. D. McLaurin, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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ANSI 8133.2-1977

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

BASIC GAS TURBINE


1. SCOPE

This standard presents and describes features that are desirable for the user to specify in order to select a gas turbine that will yield satisfactory performance, availability and reliability. The standard is limited to' a consideration of the basic gas turbine including the compressor, combustion system and turbine.
2. GAS TURBINE - GENERAL 2.1 The designof the gas turbine, the selection of

exceed the value specified by the manufacturer for his particular machine. and the defined duty cycle.
4. COMPRESSOR SURGE

4 1 The compressorshallbedesigned . to avoid destructive surge during startup, as well as throughout the operating speed and load range for ambients specified by the user. Any operating restrictions required to avoid surge conditions will be specified by the manufacturer.
5. COMBUSTION 5.1 Design of combustors and transition sections shall

materials used, and the manufacturing techniques employed in its construction shall beof a quality required by the application to sustain mechanical integrity and deliver expected performance and availability throughout the design life of the unit, with appropriate consideration given to maintainability.
3. ROTATING COMPONENTS (COMPRESSOR AND TURBINE) 3.1 Gas turbine rotors shall be mechanically designed

to safely withstand transient speeds up to theturbine trip speed setting for brief periods at operating temperature. 3.2 If field balancing is specified, the manufacturer shall state themethod of performing this and the degree of disassemblyrequired to balance. 3.3 Adequate provisions shallbemade to control thermal bowing ofthe rotor after shutdown so that restart can be madewithout excessive vibration. 3.4 The design intent for all rotating (and stationary) blading shall be to prevent damaging fatigue stresses from being incurred as a result of aerodynamically induced excitation forces for the specified duty cycle. 3.5 Where the manufacturer of the gas turbine also provides the driven equipment, he shall perform a lateral and torsional critical speedanalysis of the combined driver-driven equipment system. If the gas turbine manufacturer is to supply the driver only, it is the responsibility of the user to see that such an analysis is performed. 3.6 Vibration in the operating speed range shall not

consider fuels designated and ease of maintenance. 5 2 Combustor shell arrangement shall ensure correct alignment of the fuel nozzle in the chamber. Combustion system components shall be arranged for simplified service or replacement. Nozzle parts in the gas path shall have provisionsfor adequate locking to prevent coming off during operation. 5.3 Where dual fuel or other multiple nozzle arrangements are specified, inactive nozzles and their supply system should be designed so as to be available for immediate use. 5.4 Means for assuring and monitoring proper operation of the combustion system should be specified by the manufacturer. 5.5 The combustion system shall be of such design as to enable the gas turbine to comply with applicable emission standards and regulations.
6. BEARINGS 6.1 Bearing housing cooling shall be provided as re-

quired to minimize carbonization and deterioration of the lubricant. 6.2 Bearings shall bedesigned to prevent instability at any operating speed. The design shall be verifiedby an appropriate stability analysis, 6.3 Means for monitoring condition of main shaft bearings should be specified.

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ASHE B 1 3 3 0 2 77 W 0757b70 -0OLt150I.1 3

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD BASIC GAS TURBINE

ANSI 8133.2-1977

6.4 Proximity probes if used, shallbe mounted to face a journal surface or a scratch-free surface concentric with the journalsurface.
7. SEALS 7.1 Where are seals

required, their design should minimize heat input to the shaft so as to avoid consequential bowing of shaft if rubbing occurs. 7.2 Seals shall be designed for ease of removal and replacement at overhaul. 7.3 Utilized material shall be compatible with specified duty cycle and environment.
8. CASINGS 8.1 AU pressure parts shall be suitable for operation

at the most severe condition of coincident pressure and temperature expected. 8.2 AU casing joints shall be designed and constructed so as to maintain minimum leakage throughout the service life of the machine. 8.3 Casings, supports and expansion joints shall be designed to prevent injurious distortion caused by temperature, load, or piping stresses. Gas turbines shall have supports which will maintain proper alignment with connected equipment.

8.4 It is desirable that casings and duct work be designed to permit visual inspection of critical areas of the compressor and turbine blade path withoutmajor disassembly.Access for visual inspection should be by means of small removable covers and/or holes designed for use of borescopes. The intent is to provide maximum inspection for these areas with minimum disassembly. 8.5 Jack screws, lifting lugs, eyebolts, or the equivalent shall provided be to facilitate alignment, disassembly, and reassembly. When jackscrews are used as a means of parting contact faces, they shall be designed to prevent damage tothejoint surface. To facilitate disassembly and reassembly, bolting and doweling shall be designed and constructed for accessibility and to minimize seizure. 8.6 The manufacturer should indicate maintainability features of his gas turbine, e.g., compressor.and turbine casings split on the horizontal centerline, modular disassembly, etc. 8.7 Insulation materials shall comply with OSHA regulations. 8.8 AU casing connections should be designed with appropriate considerafion given to durability and maintainability,

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A S I E 8133.2 77 E 0759670 0041502 5

-AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR GAS TURBINES

TITLE OF STANDARD

Gas Turbine Terminology (in preparation) . . . . ..... ... . .. BasicGas Turbine, 1977. . . . , . . . ,, . . Gas Turbine Auxiliary Equipment (in preparation) . .., . . . . . Gas Turbine Control and Protection Systems, 1977 : . . ... , , , , Gas Turbine Electrical Equipment (in preparation) . . . . . I . . . . Gas Turbine Ratings and Performance (in preparation). . . . . ., Gas Turbine Fuels, 1977. ,. . .. .. . . Gas Turbine Installation Sound Emissions, 1977 .. . . 'L' * ' ' Gas Turbine Emissions (in preparation) .. ,. , . .. , .. . . . Gas Turbines-Information to be supplied by User :and Manufacturers (in preparation) ., Gas Turbines-Shipping-and Installation (in preparation). . . . . . :. ! . .... Gas Turbines-Maintenance and Safety (in preparation) . .. Gas Turbine Marine Applications (in preparation).. . .. .. . .. . .. , Gas Turbine Power Plants, 1966 (R1973). (Approved as an American National Standard in1974) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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B133.1 B133.2 B133.3 B133.4 B133.5 B133.6 B133.7B133.8 B133.9 B W ~ O B133.11 B133.12. B133.16 PTC 22

The ASME Publications Catalog shows a completelist of all standards publishedby the Society.

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