You are on page 1of 3

CASTRO, Gian Arlo

NCM 205

Illegal Detention - unjustable detenton of a person without legal warrant within boundaries fixed by the defendat of an act or violation of duty intendedto result in such confinement Simulation of birth crime committed by one who enters in a birth certificate a birth that did npt occur Theft an act or instance of stealing Fraud deception of trickery Deceit exist when the act is performed with deliberate intent and there is fault when the wrongful acts result from imprudence, negligence, or lack of skill or foresight Assault the imminent threat if harmful or offensive bodily contact Battery unintentional, unconsented touching of another person Defamation character assasination, be it written or spoeken, constitutes defamation. Slander oral defamation of a person by speaking unprivileged or false words by which his reputation is damaged Libel defamation by written words, cartoons or such representations that cause a person to be avoided, ridiculed or held in contempt or tend to injure him in his work Consent free and raional act that presupposes knowledge of the thing to which consent is being given by a person who os legally capable to give consent Informed consent establised principle of law that every human being of adult years and sound mind has the right to determine what shall be done with his own body. He may choose whether to be treated or not and to what extent, no matter how necessary the mediacal care, how imminent the danger to his life or health if he fails to submit to treatment Contract is a meeting of minds between two persons whereby one binds himself, with respect to the other, to give something or to render service Breach of contract failure to perform an agreement, whether expressed or implied, without cause. Perjury false swearing under oath Due process of law exercise of the powers of the govenrmanet as the settled maxim of law permits and sanctions. Commencement of the action the first step in trial process is to determine what kind of legal action

to take Pleading each party present a statement of facts or pleading to the court. First pleading is genereally known as complaint or petition Pre-trial informal discussion between the judge and attorney to eliminate matters not in dispute, agree on issues and settle procedural matters relating to the trial. Trial at the trial, facts of the case are determined, the principles of law relating to those facts are applied and a conclusion as to liability is reached. The judge determines the facts and applies the law. Appeals an appellae court reviews the case abd when the case is decided by it, the final judgment results and matter is ended Execution of judgment the defendant is compelled to execute the judgment. Failure to obey will be regarded as contempt of court and will result in fine or imprisonment. If the judgment is for payment of money, the plaintiff may cause the sheriff to sell so much of the defendant's property as is necessary to pay the costs. Will legal declaration of a person's intentions upon death Nuncupative will oral will. Holographic will a will that is written, dated and signed by the testator Decedent a person whose property is transmitted through the succession whether or not he left a will. Testator male that left a will Heir a person called to succession either by the provision of a will or by operation of law Express contract one in which the conditions and terms of the contract are given orally or in writing Implied contract one that is concluded as a result of acts of conduct of the parties to which the law ascribes an objective intention to enter into a contract Respondeat Superior let the master answer for the acts of the subordinate Res Ipsa Loquitor conditions are required to establish a defendant's negligence without proving specific conduct Force Majeure means an irresistible force, one that is unforeseen or inevitable Tort legal wrong, committed against a person or property independent of a contract which renders the person who commits it liable for damages in a civil action

Abortion the expulsion of the product of conception before the age of viability. Infanticide the killing of a child less than three days of age Parricide crime committed by one who kills his/her father, mother, child whether legitimate or illigitimate Homicide the killing of human being by another Murder the unlawful killing of a human being with intent to kill Criminal law the body of law that relates to crime. It regulates social conduct and proscribes threatening, harming or otherwise endangering the health, safety and moreal welfare of people Civil law or common law; dealing with relations between individuals or organizations Collective Bargaining promotes the rights and welfare of workers Emancipatd minors parents give up control over the supervision of a minor and the latter keeps his own wages freed even though he continues to live at home Advance directive living will