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Symmeterical loaded free standing stair case

Computing loads on flight and landing


Flight
Self wieght of waist slab(W1) + Self weight of step(W2) +S.F Load(W3)
D.l
=
Assuming a 250 thick waist slab
0.3
R
W1

=
=

0.344 mm
10.836 KN/m

W2

2.0004 KN/m

W3

1.89 KN/m

P1

14.7264 KN/m

P2

6.3 KN/m

P(1+2)

=
=

0.1667

1.4*P1 +1.6*P2
30.7

landing
W3

11.25

KN/m

W4

2.25

KN/m

P3

13.5

KN/m

P4

15

KN/m

P(3+4)

=
=

1.4*P1 +1.6*P2
42.9

KN/m
KN/m

Given Data
fcu

fy

2
35 N/mm
2
460 N/mm

B1

1.575 m

H1 = H2 =

L1

4.2 m

P(1+2)

30.7 KN/m

E/G =
cos =

30.79

0.859

P(4+5)

42.9 KN/m

sin =

30.79

0.5118

30.79

0.738

30.79

0.262

L3
B'
hs

=
=
=

1.875 m
3.75 m
200 mm

cos =
2

sin =

2.5 m
2.35

Determining the moment of inertia


B1
Ix

B1hs3/12

Iy

hsB13/12

1575 mm

4
1.05E+09 mm
4
6.51E+10 mm

Ip

(B1*hs*(B1 *hs ))/12

4
6.62E+10 mm

Ix/Iy

0.016125

(E/G)*Ix/Ip

0.006753

B' - B1

K1

0.01366946

K2

0.009208308

K3

0.002455508

K4

4.177218686

2.175 m

N/mm2

From Equilibrium and method of least work


P(1+2)

P(1+3)

R1 = R2

RA = RD

B1*L1*P(1+2) +0.5*L3*B'*P(4+5)

Ha = Hd

H1/K4{B1*L1*P(1+2) +0.5*L3*B'*P(4+5)(0.333*L1+0.25*H1)} =

Mx1 = Mx2

0.5*[{-2H1*HA+L1*RA+0.5*L3*B'*P(4+5)}(L1+H1)]

My1 = My2

-f((K3HA/2K2)

-107.153 KNm

Mz1 = Mz2

0.5*f*HA

401.9 KNm

Factored load on Flight A

Factored load on Flight B

354 KN
369.5

Design moments

Reinforcment
Flexural Reinforcement

-703.1

Mx1 = Mx2

=0.85fcubd2
=0.85*35*1575*d2

{Mx1/0.85fcub}
123 mm

so lets say
d =
hs =
Z

250 mm
280 mm

237.5 mm

moment of resistance

0.45fcubd

b
d

=
=

1575 mm
250 mm

l
=

1550.4 KN.m

Reinforcement sizes and areas that can be used here


Bar type
Dia in mm Area
T20
20
314
T25
25
491
T32
32
804
T40
40
1260

Required steel area for design moment

M/(0.95fyz)

2
6775 mm

USING 25 DIA BARS

spacing of provided bars

154 mm

Provide T25@150mm c/c both top and bottom

Reinforcement in the
Mz1 = Mz2

401.9 KNm

b
d
z

=
=
=

280 mm
1545 mm
1467.75 mm

Required steel area for design moment

M/(0.95fyz)
2
627 mm

=
Provided area of steel for reinforcement
Number of bars

2
628 mm

=
8

Spacing provide for the bars

554.85714

provide T32@550mm cc in close rings

Design for Shear Reinforcement Design


V

354 KN
V/bvd

2
1.73 N/mm

100As/bvd =
400/d
fcu/25

=
=

0.79/m

2
0.9 N/mm

(100As/bvd)
1/4

(400/d)
1/3
(fcu/25)

1.6
1.4

1/3

1.21

=
=

1.13
1.12

0.53

=
vc

(0.79/m)* [(100As/bvd)1/3*(400/d)1/4(fcu/25)1/3]

=
=

0.82
0.8fcu

Hence shear reinforcement in the form of closed loop rings are required
vc

Asv

Asv

V/(0.95*fyv)

vbd/0.95fyv
2
1493 mm

Number of links
Sv

Provide
=

Provide T12@200 mm c/c

19
220

Asv

2
2108 mm

Torsional Reinforcement Design


Let
hmin

hmax

280 mm

=
=
=

T
vt

1575 mm
107.16 KN.m
2T
h2min(hmax-hmin/3)

vt

2
1.85 N/mm

=
25
0.33

30
0.37

35
x

40
0.4

vtu

4.38

vtmin

0.385

vtu

4.69

vd

vtmin

vt + v

2.75

vtu

vtu

hence

vtmin

vd

Extra link reinforcement required


Asv

T/{(0.8X1Y1*(0.87*fyv)}

where
X1

220 mm

Y1

=
1815 mm
For additional Torsional link reinforcement
Asv/sv

Sv

T / (0.8*(x1*y1*(0.87fyv)
0.838183021
minimum of

a) X1
b)Y1/2

then
Sv

C)200 mm
=

220 mm

Therefore

Asv

Hence providing T8@ 140 mm c/c in landing

2
184.40026 mm

oad on Flight B

KN

KNm