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# Symmeterical loaded free standing stair case

## Computing loads on flight and landing

Flight
Self wieght of waist slab(W1) + Self weight of step(W2) +S.F Load(W3)
D.l
=
Assuming a 250 thick waist slab
0.3
R
W1

=
=

0.344 mm
10.836 KN/m

W2

2.0004 KN/m

W3

1.89 KN/m

P1

14.7264 KN/m

P2

6.3 KN/m

P(1+2)

=
=

0.1667

1.4*P1 +1.6*P2
30.7

landing
W3

11.25

KN/m

W4

2.25

KN/m

P3

13.5

KN/m

P4

15

KN/m

P(3+4)

=
=

1.4*P1 +1.6*P2
42.9

KN/m
KN/m

Given Data
fcu

fy

2
35 N/mm
2
460 N/mm

B1

1.575 m

H1 = H2 =

L1

4.2 m

P(1+2)

30.7 KN/m

E/G =
cos =

30.79

0.859

P(4+5)

42.9 KN/m

sin =

30.79

0.5118

30.79

0.738

30.79

0.262

L3
B'
hs

=
=
=

1.875 m
3.75 m
200 mm

cos =
2

sin =

2.5 m
2.35

B1
Ix

B1hs3/12

Iy

hsB13/12

1575 mm

4
1.05E+09 mm
4
6.51E+10 mm

Ip

4
6.62E+10 mm

Ix/Iy

0.016125

(E/G)*Ix/Ip

0.006753

B' - B1

K1

0.01366946

K2

0.009208308

K3

0.002455508

K4

4.177218686

2.175 m

N/mm2

## From Equilibrium and method of least work

P(1+2)

P(1+3)

R1 = R2

RA = RD

B1*L1*P(1+2) +0.5*L3*B'*P(4+5)

Ha = Hd

H1/K4{B1*L1*P(1+2) +0.5*L3*B'*P(4+5)(0.333*L1+0.25*H1)} =

Mx1 = Mx2

0.5*[{-2H1*HA+L1*RA+0.5*L3*B'*P(4+5)}(L1+H1)]

My1 = My2

-f((K3HA/2K2)

-107.153 KNm

Mz1 = Mz2

0.5*f*HA

401.9 KNm

## Factored load on Flight B

354 KN
369.5

Design moments

Reinforcment
Flexural Reinforcement

-703.1

Mx1 = Mx2

=0.85fcubd2
=0.85*35*1575*d2

{Mx1/0.85fcub}
123 mm

so lets say
d =
hs =
Z

250 mm
280 mm

237.5 mm

moment of resistance

0.45fcubd

b
d

=
=

1575 mm
250 mm

l
=

1550.4 KN.m

Bar type
Dia in mm Area
T20
20
314
T25
25
491
T32
32
804
T40
40
1260

M/(0.95fyz)

2
6775 mm

154 mm

## Provide T25@150mm c/c both top and bottom

Reinforcement in the
Mz1 = Mz2

401.9 KNm

b
d
z

=
=
=

280 mm
1545 mm
1467.75 mm

## Required steel area for design moment

M/(0.95fyz)
2
627 mm

=
Provided area of steel for reinforcement
Number of bars

2
628 mm

=
8

554.85714

## Design for Shear Reinforcement Design

V

354 KN
V/bvd

2
1.73 N/mm

100As/bvd =
400/d
fcu/25

=
=

0.79/m

2
0.9 N/mm

(100As/bvd)
1/4

(400/d)
1/3
(fcu/25)

1.6
1.4

1/3

1.21

=
=

1.13
1.12

0.53

=
vc

(0.79/m)* [(100As/bvd)1/3*(400/d)1/4(fcu/25)1/3]

=
=

0.82
0.8fcu

Hence shear reinforcement in the form of closed loop rings are required
vc

Asv

Asv

V/(0.95*fyv)

vbd/0.95fyv
2
1493 mm

Sv

Provide
=

19
220

Asv

2
2108 mm

## Torsional Reinforcement Design

Let
hmin

hmax

280 mm

=
=
=

T
vt

1575 mm
107.16 KN.m
2T
h2min(hmax-hmin/3)

vt

2
1.85 N/mm

=
25
0.33

30
0.37

35
x

40
0.4

vtu

4.38

vtmin

0.385

vtu

4.69

vd

vtmin

vt + v

2.75

vtu

vtu

hence

vtmin

vd

Asv

T/{(0.8X1Y1*(0.87*fyv)}

where
X1

220 mm

Y1

=
1815 mm
Asv/sv

Sv

T / (0.8*(x1*y1*(0.87fyv)
0.838183021
minimum of

a) X1
b)Y1/2

then
Sv

C)200 mm
=

220 mm

Therefore

Asv

2
184.40026 mm