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Introduccin a OTN

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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Objetivos

Al completar el curso estar en capacidad de:

Describir la estructura de la trama OTN, las seales de

mantenimiento y sus funciones para las diferentes capas.

Entender el mecanismo de generacin de alarmas y eventos de desempeo.

Analizar las alarmas y los eventos de desempeo y localizar las fallas en OTN.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contenido
1. 2.

Jerarqua de Transporte ptico Estructura de la interfase OTN

3.
4.

Principio de multiplexacin/mapeo y tasas de bit


Descripcin de encabezados

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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OTN

OTNOptical Transport Network

Una red de transporte ptico (OTN) esta compuesta por un

grupo de elementos de red (NE) conectados por enlaces de


fibra ptica y est en capacidad de proporcionar funcionalidad de transporte, multiplexacin, enrutamiento, administracin, supervisin y autosostenimineto de las seales de los clientes de acuerdo a los requerimientos dados en la recomendacin G.872 de la ITU.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Caractersticas de OTN

Comparado con SDH y SONET:

Gran capacidad con excelente precisin, Tbps por fibra en

lneas DWDM

Transparencia en el servicio para las seales de los clientes Mapeo asncrono, funciones FEC avanzadas y reduccin de

costos

Comparada con WDM tradicional:

OAM mejorado y funcionalidad de red para todos los servicios.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Sistema OTN
OTN
Jitter and wander G.8251 G.8201

management G.874 G.874.1

Network protection G.873.1 G.873.2

Equipment function and features G.798 G.806

Structure and mapping G.709 G.7041 G.7042

Physic layer feature s G.959.1 G.693 G.694

Architectur e G.872 G.8080

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contenido
1. 2.

Jerarqua de Transporte ptico Estructura de la interfase OTN

3.
4.

Principio de multiplexacin/mapeo y tasas de bit


Descripcin de encabezados

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Capas de red y estructura de la interfase OTN

OPUk: Optical channel Payload Unit-k ODUk: Optical channel Data Unit-k OTUk: completely standardized Optical channel Transport Unit-k OTUkV: functionally standardized Optical channel Transport Unit-k OCh: Optical Channel with full functionality OChr: Optical Channel with reduced functionality

IP/MPLS ATM

Ethernet STM-N

OPUk ODUkODUkPODUkT OTUk OTUkV OTUk OTUkV

OCh OMSn OTSn


OTM-n.m

OChr OPSn
OTM-0.m OTM-nr.m

OMS: Optical Multiplex Section


OTS: Optical Transmission Section OPS: Optical Physical Section OTM: Optical Transport Module

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Relacin de contenido en OTM-n.m


Client signal
OPUk OH ODU k OTUk[V] OH OCh
OCCo Non-associated OH OChOH

OPUk payload OPUk ODUk OCh payload OCCp OCCp OCCp FEC
OTM-n. m

ln

OH

l2 l1 l OSC
OTM Overhead Signal (OOS)

OCG-n.m OMU-n.m OTM-n.m

comms OH

OMSn OH

OTSn OH

OOS

n representa el nmero mximo de longitudes de onda que pueden ser soportadas a la tasa de bit ms baja soportada, m indica el nivel de la seal OUT transportada, m=1,2,3,12,23,123; Los campos de informacin OTS_OH, OMS_OH, OCh_OH and COMMS OH estn contenidos en el OOS OSC: Optical Supervisory Channel (Canal ptico de supervisin) usado para tx el OOS

OCCo

OCCo

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Relacin de contenido en OTM-nr.m


Client signal

l16
OTM-16r.m

OPUk OH ODUk OH OTUk[V] OH OChr

OPUk payload OPUk

ODUk
OCh payload OCCp

FEC

l2 l1

OCG-nr.m OCCp OTM-nr.m

OCCp

Espaciamiento fijo entre canales sin importar el nivel de l seal

1<n16, m=1,2,3,12,23,123
Sin OSC
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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Relacin de contenido en OTM-0.m


OPUk OH

OPUk payload
OPUk

ODUk OH OTUk[V] OH OChr


OTM-0.m

ODUk
OCh payload OPS0

FEC

El OTM 0.m soporta un canal ptico no coloreado en un enlace (span) con 3R en cada extremo.

m=1,2,3
Sin OSC
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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

OTM-0.m

Client signal

Contenido
1. 2.

Jerarqua de Transporte ptico Estructura de la interfase OTN

3.
4.

Principio de multiplexacin/mapeo y tasas de bit


Descripcin de encabezados

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Estructura de MUX y Mapeo en OTN


OTM-0.m

1 i+j+k n OTM-nr.m OCG-nr.m

i j k

OCCr 1 OChr OCCr 1 1 OChr OChr

1 1 1 OTU2[V] 1 1 OTU1[V] 1 1 1

Client signal
OPU3 1 ODTUG3 16 4 1 ODU2 OPU2

OTU3[V]

ODU3

OCCr

Client signal
Client signal
1 ODTUG2
4

1 i+j+k n OTM-n.m OCG-n.m

i j k 1

OCC OCC

1 1 1 1

OCh OCh OCh

ODU1

OPU1

OCC OSC

Multiplexacin
OOS

OTS, OMS, OCh, COMMS

Mapeo

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Tipos y capacidad
Tipos
OTU1 OTU2 OTU3 ODU1 ODU2 ODU3 OPU1 OPU2 OPU3

Tasa de bit nominal


2 666 057.143 kbit/s 10 709 225.316 kbit/s 43 018 413.559 kbit/s 2 498 775.126 kbit/s 10 037 273.924 kbit/s 40 319 218.983 kbit/s 2 488 320 kbit/s 9 995 276.962 kbit/s 40 150 519.322 kbit/s

Tolerancia

20 ppm

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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ODUk (TDM)

Las seales ODUk de bajo orden son multiplexadas en seales ODUk de alto orden por divisin de tiempo:

Hasta 4 seales ODU1 se pueden multiplexar en una seal


ODU2 por TDM. Una combinacin de j seales (j 4) ODU2 y 16-4j ODU1 pueden ser multiplexadas en una seal ODU3 por TDM.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Multiplexacin de ODU1 en ODU2


ODU1 flota en de la carga til de una OPU2. Una trama ODU1 cruzar mltiples lmites de tramas ODU2.
OPU1 OH
Alignm

ODU1

ODU1OH

Client layer signal (e.g., STM-16, ATM, GFP)

x4

OPU2 OH

OPU1 OH OPU1 OH OPU1 OH

ODU2

ODU2 OH

ODU1 OH ODU1 OH ODU1 OH ODU1 OH

OPU2 OH

OPU1 OH OPU1 OH OPU1 OH

Alignm

OTU2 OH

ODU2 OH

OPU1 OH

OTU2

Alignm ODU1 OH ODU1 OH ODU1 OH ODU1 OH

(e.g. STM-16) OPU2 Client Layer Signal Payload Client layer signal (e.g. STM-16)

Client Layer Signal Client Layer Signal (e.g. STM-16)

OPU1 OH

Alignm

Client Layer Signal Client Layer Signal (e.g. STM-16) Client Layer Signal (e.g. STM-16) Client layer signal (e.g. STM-16) (e.g., STM-16, ATM, GFP)

(e.g., STM-16, ATM, GFP)

OTU2 FEC

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Contenido
1. 2.

Jerarqua de Transporte ptico Estructura de la interfase OTN

3.
4.

Principio de multiplexacin/mapeo y tasas de bit


Descripcin de encabezados

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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OOS
FDI-O
n

TTI BDI-O BDI-P OTSn OMSn

FDI-P
2 1

BDI-O BDI-P PMI OCh

FDI-O FDI-P OCI

PMI

General Management Communications

TTI: Trail Trace Identifier PMI: Payload Missing Indication OCI: Open Connection Indication BDI-O: Backward Defect Indication Overhead BDI-P: Backward Defect Indication Payload FDI-O: Forward Defect Indication Overhead FDI-P: Forward Defect Indication Payload

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Formato de la trama OTN (k=1,2,3)


3824

2 3 4

OPUk OH

1 Alignm

OTUk OH

ODUk OH

Client signal mapped in OPUk payload OPU k payload

3825

OTUK FEC

Client signal OPUk - Optical Channel Payload Unit ODUk Optical Channel Data Unit OTUk Optical Channel Transport Unit Alignment
k: 1 2 3 2.5G 10G 40G

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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4080

14 15 16 17

7 8

Encabezado elctrico de OTN


1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

FAS

MFAS

SM

GCC0

RES EXP

RES JC RES JC PSI NJO

2
3 4

RES
TCM3 GCC1

TCM ACT

TCM6
TCM2 APS/PCC

TCM5
TCM1 PM

TCM4
RES

FTFL RES JC

GCC2

ODUk OH
TCMACT: Tandem Connection Monitoring Activation/deactivation control channel TCMi:Tandem Connection Monitoring i FTFL:Fault Type & Fault Location reporting channel PM: Path Monitoring EXP:Experimental GCC1/2: General Communication Channel 1/2 APS/PCC:Automatic Protection Swiching coordination channel/Protection Communication Control channel

Alignment OH

FAS: Frame Alignment Signal MFAS: multi-frame Alignment Signal SM: Section Monitoring GCC0:General Communication Channel0 RES: Reserved for future international standardisation

OTUk OH

OPUk OH

PSI: Payload Structure Identifier JC: Justification Control NJO: negative justification opportunity
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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Resumen

Jerarqua de Transporte ptico Estructura de la interfase OTN

Principio de multiplexacin/mapeo y tasas de bit


Descripcin de encabezados

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Abreviaciones y Acrnimos

3R AI

Re-amplification, Reshaping and Retiming Adapted Information

AIS
APS BDI

Alarm Indication Signal


Automatic Protection Switching Backward Defect Indication

BDI-O Backward Defect Indication Overhead

BDI-P Backward Defect Indication Payload


BEI BI Backward Error Indication Backward Indication

BIAE Backward Incoming Alignment Error BIP Bit Interleaved Parity

CBR Constant Bit Rate

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Abreviaciones y Acrnimos

CMEP Connection Monitoring End Point DAPI Destination Access Point Identifier

EXP
ExTI FAS FDI

Experimental
Expected Trace Identifier Frame Alignment Signal Forward Defect Indication

FDI-O Forward Defect Indication Overhead


FDI-P FEC GCC IaDI IAE Forward Defect Indication Payload Forward Error Correction General Communication Channel Intra-Domain Interface Incoming Alignment Error

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Abreviaciones y Acrnimos

IrDI JOH

Inter-Domain Interface Justification Overhead

MFAS Multi-Frame Alignment Signal


MFI MSI NNI multi-frame Indicator Multiplex Structure Identifier Network Node Interface

OCC Optical Channel Carrier


OCCo Optical Channel Carrier overhead OCCp Optical Channel Carrier payload OCCr Optical Channel Carrier with reduced functionality OCG Optical Carrier Group OCGr Optical Carrier Group with reduced functionality

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Abreviaciones y Acrnimos

OCh OChr

Optical channel with full functionality Optical channel with reduced functionality

OCI

Open Connection Indication

ODTUG Optical channel Data Tributary Unit Group ODTUjk Optical channel Data Tributary Unit j into k ODU Optical Channel Data Unit

ODUk
OH OMS OMU ONNI OOS OPS

Optical Channel Data Unit-k


Overhead Optical Multiplex Section Optical Multiplex Unit Optical Network Node Interface OTM Overhead Signal Optical Physical Section
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Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Abreviaciones y Acrnimos

OPU

Optical Channel Payload Unit

OPUk Optical Channel Payload Unit-k

OSC
OTH OTM OTN

Optical Supervisory Channel


Optical Transport Hierarchy Optical Transport Module Optical Transport Network

OTS

Optical Transmission Section

OTU Optical Channel Transport Unit OTUk completely standardized Optical Channel Transport Unit-k OTUkV functionally standardized Optical Channel Transport Unit-k PCC Protection Communication Channel PLD PMI Payload Payload Missing Indication

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Abreviaciones y Acrnimos

PRBS PSI

Pseudo Random Binary Sequence Payload Structure Identifier

PT
RES SAPI Sk

Payload Type
Reserved for future international standardization Source Access Point Identifier Sink

SM
So TCM TS TxTI UNI

Section Monitoring
Source Tandem Connection Monitoring Time Slot Transmitted Trace Identifier User-to-Network Interface

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Thank you
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