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Section 12 Custodial Investigation People v. Concepcion - G.R. No. 178876, June 27, 2008 Eugenio v. People - G.R. No.

168163, March 26, 2008 Abay v People GR No. 165896, September 19, 2008 People v. Muit - G.R. No. 181043, October 8, 2008 People v. Lucero - G.R. No. 188705, March 2, 2011 People v. Capitle - G.R. No. 175330, January 12, 2011 People v. Bokingo G.R. No. 187536, August 10, 2011 Miclat v. People G.R. No. 176077, August 31, 2011 Miranda Rights Safeguarded by the Bill of Rights in relation to Custodial Investigations A. Procedural Requirements Miranda v. Arizona- 384 US 436 People v. Camat - 256 SCRA 52 B. Duty of an Officer during Custodial Investigation People v. de la Cruz, GR 137405, Sept. 27, 2002 People v. Salcedo 273 SCRA 473 C. When the Rights of Custodial Investigation may be invoked People v. Loveria - 187 SCRA 47 Sebastian v. Garchitorena, GR 114028, October 18, 2000 People v. Tan 286 SCRA 207 D. The right to remain silent People v. Bandin 226 SCRA 299 People v. Lacbanes 270 SCRA 193 E. The right to counsel a. When to invoke People v. Sunga, GR 126029, Mar. 29, 2003 People v. Labtan, G.R. No. 127493, December 8, 1999 b. When presence of counsel is required People v. Rodriguez - 232 SCRA 227 People v. Bandula - 232 SCRA 566 c. Effective and vigilant counsel defined *People v. Sunga, GR 126029, March 27, 2003 People v. Velarde, GR 139333, July 18, 2002 d. Assistance after start of custodial investigation People v. Matigunas, 379 SCRA 56 People v. Suela, supra. e. Valid Confession with Counsel People v. Oranza, GR 127748, July 25, 2002 People v. Canicula, GR 131802, Aug. 6, 2002 f. Confession without Counsel

ABE AGRAVANTE ALBAY AMIS ANGALA ARCIAGA BERNARDO CHAN

CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO GAMMAD Gimena Grajo Grossman Ismael

Ladrera Manlod Martirez Melchor Padua Rodriguez Sanchez Sarsonas Sy Tiburcio

People v. Casimiro, GR 146277, June 20, 2002 g. Failure to Object to Confession made without Counsel People v. Samus, GR 135957, Sept. 17, 2002 People v. Avendano, GR 137407, Jan. 28, 2003 h. Right to be informed People v. Manriquez, GR 122510-11, March 17, 2000 People v. Tizon, GR 133228, July 30, 2002 F. Waiver of Rights 1. Requisites of a valid waiver a. Must be in writing and in the presence of counsel People v. Taliman, GR 109143, October 11, 2000 People v. Gomez 270 SCRA 432 b. Must be voluntary, knowing and intelligent People v. Nicolas - 204 SCRA 191 People v. Agustin - 240 SCRA 541 G. Extrajudicial confessions a. Difference between admission and confession Ladiana v. People, GR 144293, Dec. 4, 2002 People v. Maqueda - 242 SCRA 565 b. Requisites for valid extrajudicial confession People v. Base, GR 109773, March 30, 2000 People v. Avendano, GR 137407, Jan. 28, 2003 c. Voluntariness People v. Alvarez, GR 140388-91, Nov. 11, 2003 d. Presumptions People v. Figueroa, GR 134056, July 6, 2000 People v. Vallejo, GR 144656, May 9, 2002 People v. del Rosario, G.R. No. 131036, June 20, 2001 e. To whom such confession can be used against Santos v. Sandiganbayan, GR 71523-25, December 8, 2000 Tan v. People, G.R. No. 134298, August 26, 1999 H. When custodial investigations may not apply a. Preliminary investigation People v. Judge Ayson - 175 SCRA 216 b. Voluntary Surrender People v. Taylaran 108 SCRA 373 c. Audit Examination Navallo v. Sandiganbayan - 234 SCRA 175 Kimpo v. Sandiganbayan - 232 SCRA 53

Ubana Yap Ycong ABE AGRAVANTE

ALBAY AMIS

ANGALA ARCIAGA

BERNARDO CHAN CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO GAMMAD Gimena Grajo

Grossman Ismael Ladrera Manlod

d. Administrative investigation Sebastian v. Garchitorena, GR 114028, October 18, 2000 Escleo v. Durado, AM no. P-99-1312, July 31, 2002 e. Not in Police custody People v. Tobias 266 SCRA 229 OCA v. Sumulong, 271 SCRA 316 f. Police line-up A. General Rule People v. Piedad, GR 131923, Dec. 5, 2002 (no need for counsel) People v. Salvatierra 276 SCRA 55 (supra, Warrantless Arrests) People Pavillare, GR 129970, April 5, 2000 People v. Escordial, 373 SCRA 585 (line- up after custodial investigation starts, requires counsel) B. Exceptions People v. Gamer, 326 SCRA 660 g. Spontaneous statements People v. Morada GR 129723 May 19, 1999 People v. Dano, GR 117690, September 1, 2000 h. Marked Money *People v. Linsangan 195 SCRA 784 i. Booking Sheets *People v. Ang Chun Kit 251 SCRA 660 j. Paraffin Test People v. Gamboa 194 SCRA 372 k. When body of the accused is examined People v. Piedad, GR 131923, Dec. 5, 2002 (no need for counsel) Gutang v. People, GR 135406, July 11, 2000 l. Taking of pictures People v. Gallarde, 325 SCRA 835 m. Incident to a lawful arrest People v. Enriquez 204 SCRA 674 Marcelo v. Sandiganbayan GR 109242 January 26, 1999 I. The exclusionary rule

Martirez Melchor Padua Rodriguez

Sanchez Sarsonas Sy Tiburcio Ubana

Yap Ycong

ABE

AGRAVANTE

ALBAY

AMIS ANGALA

ARCIAGA

BERNARDO CHAN

a. Violation of rights People v. Simon - 234 SCRA 555 People v. Hermoso, GR 130590, October 18, 2000 People v. Lapitaje, GR 132042, Feb. 19, 2003 b. Immunity against self-incrimination *Galman v. Pamaran (supra, Custodial Investigation) c. Re-enactments People v. Suarez 267 SCRA 119 d. Applicability to aliens People v. Wong Chuen Ming - 256 SCRA 182 e. Verbal confessions People v. Bonola 274 SCRA 238 People v. Suela, 373 SCRA 163 (confession to private party) People v. Taboga, 376 SCRA 500 (confession to private party) People v. Baloloy, GE 140740, Apr. 12, 2002 (res gestae) f. Co-accused not bound People v. Camat- 256 SCRA 52 g. Who may raise the question People v. Balisteros - 237 SCRA 499 h. When must the objection be raised People v. Samus, GR 135957, Sept. 17, 2002 People v. Montilla 285 SCRA 703 i. Admissible Evidence People v. Espiritu, 302 SCRA 533 People v. Lumandong, 327 SCRA 650 J. Rights after custodial investigation People v. Alicando - 251 SCRA 293 People v. De Guzman - 194 SCRA 191 Section 13 Bail Borlongan v. Pena - G.R. No. 143591, November 23, 2007 Trillanes v. Pimentel - G.R. No. 179817, June 27, 2008 Pantilo v. Canoy - A.M. No. RTJ-11-2262, February 9, 2011

CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN

FAJARDO

FRANCISCO

GAMMAD

Gimena Grajo Grossman Ismael

Ladrera

Manlod

Martirez Melchor

Padua Rodriguez

Sanchez Sarsonas

Sy Tiburcio Ubana

Leviste v. Alameda - G.R. No. 182677, August 3, 2010 Villanueva v. Buaya - A.M. No. RTJ-08-2131, November 22, 2010 Marquez v. Sandiganbayan - G.R. Nos. 187912-14, January 31, 2011 Gacal v. Infante - A.M. No. RTJ- 04-1845, October 5, 2011 People v. Gako, GR 135045, December 15, 2000 Jinggoy Estrada v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148965, February 26, 2002 Govt of USA v. Hon Purganan, GR 148571, Sept. 24, 2002 Serapio v. Sandiganbayan, GR 148468, Jan. 28, 2003 Govt of Hongkong v. Hon. Olalia, April 19, 2007 Sule v. Biteng - AM MTJ-95-1018, 243 SCRA 524 Paderanga v. CA 247 SCRA 741 People v. Nitcha 240 SCRA 283 Padilla v. CA 260 SCRA 155 Parada v. Veneracion 269 SCRA 371 Waiver of the right People v. Judge Donato & Rodolfo Salas 198 SCRA 130 People v. Mapalao - 197 SCRA 79 Excessive Bail Magsucang v. Judge Balgos, AM no. MTJ- 02- 142, Feb. 27, 2003 Right to Bail of Military Personnel *Commendador v. Gen. de Villa - 200 SCRA 80 Section 14 Criminal Due Process Criminal due process People v. Boras, GR 127495, December 22, 2000 People v. Horio, GR 137842, August 23, 2001 People v. Taruc - G.R. No. 185202, February 18, 2009 Cruz v. People - G.R. No. 176504, September 3, 2008 Villarin v. People G.R. No. 175289, August 31, 2011 Military Tribunal *Olaguer v. Military - 150 SCRA 144 Tan v. Barrios - 190 SCRA 685 Presumption of Innocence People v. Aquino, GR 130742, July 18, 2000

Yap Ycong ABE AGRAVANTE ALBAY AMIS ANGALA ARCIAGA BERNARDO CHAN CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO

FRANCISCO GAMMAD

Gimena

Grajo

Grossman Ismael Ladrera Manlod Martirez

Melchor Padua

Rodriguez

People v. Guillermo, GR 111292, July 20, 2000 People v. Lopez - G.R. No. 181747, September 26, 2008 People v. Sanchez - G.R. No. 175832, October 15, 2008 Trillanes v. Pimentel - G.R. No. 179817, June 27, 2008 People v. Tinga - G.R. No. 174771, September 11, 2007 People v. Mira - G.R. No. 175324, October 10, 2007 Re: Conviction of Judge Adoracion G. Angeles [For Child Abuse]- A.M. No. 06-9-545-RTC, January 31, 2008 People v. Alivio - G.R. No. 177771, May 30, 2011 People v. Pagaduan - G.R. No. 179029, August 12, 2010 People v. Francisco - G.R. No. 192818, November 17, 2010 People v. Angus - G.R. No. 178778, August 3, 2010 Right to Be Heard Villareal v. People - G.R. No. 151258, February 1, 2012 People v. Ramilla GR 127485 July 19, 1999 Right to counsel People v. Salonga, G.R. No. 131131, June 21, 2001 People v. Bagas, G.R. No. 104383, July 12, 2001 People v. Liwanag, G.R. No. 120468, August 15, 2001 People v. Caralipio, GR 137766, Nov. 27, 2002 Ampong v CSC - G.R. No. 167916, August 26, 2008 Perez v. People - G.R. No. 164763, February 12, 2008 Aquino v. Paiste - G.R. No. 147782, June 25, 2008 Public Attorneys Office v. Sandiganbayan - G.R. Nos. 154297300, February 15, 2008 Sibal v. People - G.R. No. 161070, April 14, 2008 People v. Bokingo G.R. No. 187536, August 10, 2011 Absence of Violation People v. Aquino, GR 129288, March 30, 2000 Villanueva v. People, GR 135098, April 12, 2000 Presence of Violation People v. Nadera, 324 SCRA 490 Callangan v. People 493 SCRA 269 Right to be informed of the nature and cause of accusation People v. de la Cruz - G.R. No. 175929, December 16, 2008 Frias v. People - G.R. No. 171437, October 4, 2007 People v. Estrada - G.R. Nos. 164368-69, April 2, 2009 People v. de la Cruz G.R. No. 174371, December 11, 2008

Sanchez Sarsonas Sy Tiburcio Ubana Yap Ycong ABE AGRAVANTE ALBAY AMIS

ANGALA ARCIAGA

BERNARDO CHAN CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO GAMMAD Gimena Grajo

Grossman Ismael

Ladrera Manlod

Martirez Melchor Padua Rodriguez

Guy v. People - G.R. Nos. 166794-96, March 20, 2009 Albert v. Sandiganbayan - G.R. No. 164015, February 26, 2009 Pactolin v. Sandiganbayan - G.R. No. 161455, May 20, 2008 People v. Dion GR No. 181035, July 4, 2011 People v. Pangilinan - G.R. No. 183090, November 14, 2011 People v. Valdez - G.R. No. 175602, January 18, 2012 The Trial Mari v. Gonzales G.R. No. 187728, September 12, 2011 Philippine Coconut Producers Federation, Inc. v republic of the Philippines - G.R. Nos. 177857-58, January 24, 2012 Trial in Absentia Ivler v. Modesto-San Pedro - G.R. No. 172716, November 17, 2010 The Right of Confrontation Right to cross-examine, to meet witness face to face People v. Quidato GR 117401 October 1, 1998 Carriaga v. C.A., G.R. No. 143561, June 6, 2001 People v. Rivera, G.R. No. 139180, July 31, 2001 People v. Monje, GR 146689, Sept. 27, 2002 Bangayan v. Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation - GR No. 149193, April 4, 2011 People v. Ng Yik Bun - G.R. No. 180452, January 10, 2011 People v. Awid - G.R. No. 185388, June 16, 2010 Compulsory Process People v. Dy, GR 115326-37, Jan. 16, 2003 People v. Lapitaje, GR 132042, Feb. 19, 2003 People v. Ostia, GR 131804, Feb. 26, 2003 People v. Ganete, GR 142930, Mar. 28, 2003 Different Offense People v. Paglinawan, 324 SCRA 97 People v. Valdesancho, G.R. NO. 137051-52, May 30, 2001 People v. Dawisan, G.R. No. 122095, September 13, 2001 Absence of Qualifying Circumstance People v. Tejada. G.R. No. 126166, July 10, 2001 People v. Lalingjaman, G.R. No. 132714, September 6, 2001 People v. Mercado, G.R. No. 139904, October 12, 2001

Sanchez Sarsonas Sy Tiburcio Ubana Yap

Ycong ABE

AGRAVANTE

ALBAY AMIS ANGALA ARCIAGA

BERNARDO CHAN CHAVEZ

DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO

GAMMAD Gimena Grajo

Grossman Ismael Ladrera

Estrada v. Sandiganbayan G.R. No. 148560, Nov. 19, 2001 People v. Marahay, GR 120625-29, Jan. 28, 2003 People v. Montemayor, GR 124474, Jan. 28, 2003 People v. Delim, GR 142773, Jan. 28, 2003 People v. Acosta, GR 140402, Jan. 28, 2003 People v. Caloza, GR 138404-06, Jan. 28, 2003 People v. Layoso, GR 14773-76, Jan. 22, 2003 People v. Baldogo, GR 128106-07, Jan. 24, 2003 Difference of Commission of Crime People v. Capinpin, GR 118608, October 30, 2000 Number of Offenses People v. Surilla, GR 129164, July 24, 2000 People v. Rama, 379 SCRA 477 People v. Cuyugan, GR 146641, Nov. 18, 2002 Date of Commission of Crime People v. Gianan, GR 135288-93, September 15, 2000 People v. Trelles, GR 137659, September 19, 2000 Sumbang v. General Court Martial PRO- Region 6, GR 140188, August 3, 2000 Arambulo v. Laqui, GR 138596, October 12, 2000 People v. Tagana, G.R. Nos. 137608-09, July 6, 2001 People v. Bidoc 506 SCRA 481 No violation People v. Miranda, GR 142566, Aug. 8, 2002 People v. Roque, GR 130569, Aug. 14, 2002 People v. Segovia, GR 138974, Sept. 29, 2002 People v. Caralipio, GR 137766, Nov. 27, 2002 People v. Cantomayor, GR 145522, Dec. 5, 2002 People v. sarazan, GR 123269-72, Jan. 22, 2003 People v. Taperla, GR 142860, Jan. 16, 2003 People v. Lizada, GR 143468-71, Jan. 24, 2003 People v. Dy, GR 115326-37, Jan.16, 2003 Right to speedy trial Luzarraga v. Meteoro, AM 00-1572, August 3, 2000 Solar Entertainment and People v. Hon. How, GR 140863, August 22, 2000 De Zuzurregui v. Rosete, GR AM no. MTJ-02-1426 People v. Dy, GR 115326-37, Jan. 16, 2003

Manlod Martirez Melchor Padua Rodriguez Sanchez Sarsonas Sy

Tiburcio

Ubana Yap Ycong

ABE AGRAVANTE ALBAY AMIS ANGALA ARCIAGA

BERNARDO CHAN CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO GAMMAD Gimena

Grajo Grossman Ismael Ladrera

Right to impartial trial People v. Vaynaco GR 126286 March 22, 1999 People v. Estrada, GR 130487, June 19, 2000 Impartiality of a Judge Almendra v. Asis, AM RTJ-1550, April 6, 2000 Right to a public trial Garcia v. Domingo - L-30104 Trial in absentia; right to be present People v. Rivera - 242 SCRA 26 People v. Tabag 268 SCRA 115 Parada v. Veneracion (supra, Right to Bail) Admissibility of Evidence People v. Morial, G.R. No. 129295, August 15, 2001 People v. Tulin, G.R. No. 111709, August 30, 3001 Section 15 THE WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS When Available Secretary of National Defense v. Manalo - G.R. No. 180906, October 7, 2008 Manalo v. Calderon - G.R. No. 178920, October 15, 2007 In the Matter of the petition of Habeas Corpus of Eufemia E. Rodriguez, filed by Edgardo E. Veluz - G.R. No. 169482, January 29, 2008 Canlas v. Napico Homeowners Association - G.R. No. 182795, June 5, 2008 Ampatuan v. Macaraig - G.R. No. 182497, June 29, 2010 Roxas v. Macapagal-Arroyo - G.R. No. 189155, September 7, 2010 Burgos v. Arroyo - G.R. No. 183711, June 22, 2010 Manila Electric Company v. Lim - G.R. No. 184769, October 5, 2010 So v. Tacla - G.R. No. 190108, October 19, 2010 Rodriguez v. Macapagal-Arroyo - G.R. No. 191805, November 15, 2011 Balao v. Macapagal-Arroyo - G.R. No. 186050, December 13, 2011 Section 16 SPEEDY DISPOSITION OF CASES

Manlod Martirez

Melchor

Padua

Rodriguez Sanchez Sarsonas

Sy Tiburcio

Ubana Yap

Ycong ABE AGRAVANTE ALBAY AMIS ANGALA ARCIAGA BERNARDO CHAN

Yanson v. Secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment - G.R. No. 159026, February 11, 2008 Tilendo v. Ombudsman - G.R. No. 165975, September 13, 2007 Perez v. People - G.R. No. 164763, February 12, 2008 [see also Tan v. People - G.R. No. 173637, April 21, 2009] Enriquez v. Office of the Ombudsman - G.R. Nos. 174902-06, February 15, 2008 Ombudsman v. Jurado - G.R. No. 154155, August 6, 2008 Mari v. Gonzales G.R. No. 187728, September 12, 2011 Philippine Coconut Producers Federation, Inc. v republic of the Philippines - G.R. Nos. 177857-58, January 24, 2012 People v. Sesbreno, G.R. No. 121764, September 9, 1999 *Binay v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 120681, October 1, 1999 Gonzales v. Sandiganbayan - 199 SCRA 299 (no violation) Bolalin v. Occiano 266 SCRA 203 (violation) Duterte v. Sandiganbayan 289 SCRA 721(preliminary investigation, violation) Marcos v. Sandiganbayan GR 126995 October 6, 1998 (violation) Domingo v. Sandiganbayan, 322 SCRA 655 (no violation) Castillo v. Sandiganbayan, GR 109271, March 14, 2000 (no violation) Raro v. Sandiganbayan, GR 108431, July 14, 2000 SECTION 17. Right against self-incrimination Social Justice Society v. Dangerous Drugs Board - G.R. No. 157870, November 3, 2008, Velasco Senate v. Ermita - G.R. No. 169777, 20 April 2006 Sabio v. Gordon - G.R. No. 174340, October 17, 2006 Standard Chartered Bank v. Senate Committee on Banks, Financial Institutions and Currencies - G.R. No. 167173, December 27, 2007 *Villaflor v. Summers - 41 PHIL. 62 (pregnancy test) *Beltran v. Samson - 53 PHIL. 570 (writing) People v. Gamboa - 194 SCRA 372 (paraffin test) People v. Canceran - 229 SCRA 581 (paraffin test) People v. Tranca - 235 SCRA 455 (x-ray, not a violation)

CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO GAMMAD Gimena Grajo Grossman Ismael Ladrera Manlod Martirez Melchor Padua Rodriguez

Sanchez Sarsonas Sy

Tiburcio Ubana Yap Ycong AGRAVANTE ALBAY

Section 19 Prohibited Punishments People v. Rentoria - G. R. No. 175333, September 21, 2007 People v. Dapitan - 197 SCRA 378 Baylosis v. Chavez - 202 SCRA 405 (modified by Robin Padilla)

AMIS ANGALA ARCIAGA

*People v. Echegaray 267 SCRA 682 (death penalty) Padilla v. CA (supra, Right to Bail) People v. Alicante, GR 127026-27, May 31, 2000 Lim v. People, GR 149276, Sept. 27, 2002 People v. Gabiana, GR 123543, August 23, 2000 People v. Horio, GR 137842, August 23, 2001 Pagdayawon v. Sec. of Justice, GR154569, Sept. 23, 2002

BERNARDO CHAN CHAVEZ DAVID DE GUZMAN FAJARDO FRANCISCO