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Colegio de San Juan de Letran

Bo. Bucal City of Calamba, Laguna 4027

School of Engineering
CpE001L: Computer Hardware Fundamentals
Personal Computer (PC) Assembly
Laboratory Exercise # 2

GRADE Group No. Leader Members : ____ : SURNAME, First Name Middle Initial. : SURNAME, First Name Middle Initial. SURNAME, First Name Middle Initial. Signature ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

Date Performed Date Submitted

: Day Month Year : Day Month Year

Engr. Ricrey E. Marquez, CpE, MSCS Lab Instructor

OBJECTIVES AND MATERIALS


Objectives: After this laboratory, students should be able to: 1. assemble a personal computer (PC) using safe lab procedures and the proper tools; 2. know the step-by-step procedure in assembling PC. 3. identify the different errors and beep codes after PC is assemble. Materials: Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 set Part Number Description Screw driver Antistatic wrist strap Antistatic mat Antistatic bag Computer Unit

PROCEDURES
1. Locate the processor socket and install processor in the motherboard; 2. Install the motherboard in the computer case Basic steps when installing a motherboard in the computer case 2.1. Install the standoff onto the motherboard. Only install standoffs that align with the holes in the motherboard because extra standoffs may interfere with the seating of the motherboard in the computer case. 2.2. Carefully place the motherboard inside the computer case. 2.3. Align the I/O connectors on the back of the motherboard with the holes in the I/O shield on the back of the computer case. Use gentle pressure to compress the contacts of the motherboard on the I/O shield. 2.4. When the motherboard is properly in place, align the screw holes of the motherboard with the case. 2.5. Insert all the screws and align the motherboard. 2.6. After the motherboard is in place, tighten the screws. Never over tighten the screws, because you can damage the motherboard. 3. Install power supply; 3.1. Insert the power supply into the case; 3.2. Align the holes in the power supply with the holes in the case. 3.3. Secure the power supply to the case using the proper screws.

4. Install optical drive: 4.1. Position the optical drive so that it aligns with the 5.25-inch drive bay. 4.2. Insert the optical drive into the drive bay so that the optical drive screw holes align with the screw holes in the case.\ 4.3. Secure the optical drive to the case using the proper screws. 5. Install floppy drive: 5.1. Position the FDD so that it aligns with the 3.5-inch drive bay. 5.2. Insert the FDD into the drive bay so that the FDD screw holes align with the screw holes in the case. 5.3. Secure the FDD to the case using the proper screws. 6. Install hard drive: 6.1. Position the HDD so that it aligns with the 3.5-inch drive bay. 6.2. Insert the HDD into the drive bay so that the screw holes in the drive line up with the screw holes in the case. 6.3. Secure the HDD to the case using the proper screws. 7. Align I/O slots, locate the screw, and install external adapter cards; 8. Install memory RAM: 8.1. Align the notches on the RAM module to the keys in the slot, and press down until the side tabs click into place. 8.2. Make sure that the side tabs have locked the RAM module. Visually check for exposed contacts. Note: Repeat these steps for additional RAM modules. 9. Find the proper internal cable connector (PATA, SATA, IDE, FDD, and etc.) in the motherboard or drives and connect each internal cables; 10. Completing the computer assembly: 10.1 Attach the side panels to the computer case. 10.2 Attach the monitor cable to the video port. 10.3 Plug the keyboard cable into the PS/2 keyboard port. 10.4 Plug the mouse cable into the PS/2 mouse port. 10.5 Plug the hub USB cable into any USB port. 10.6 Plug the printer USB cable into a USB port in the hub. 10.7 Plug the Ethernet cable into the Ethernet port. 10.8 Connect the wireless antenna to the antenna connector. 10.9 Plug the power cable into the power socket of the power supply.

11. Boot the computer 11.1. Plug the power supply cable into an AC wall outlet and turn on the computer. 11.2. During POST, press the BIOS setup key or key combination and the BIOS setup program screen will appear. 11.3. Navigate through each screen to find the boot order sequence. 11.4. Ensure that the first boot order device is the optical drive and the second boot order device is the hard disk drive. 11.5. Navigate through each screen to find the power management setup screen, or ACPI screen. 11.6. Navigate through each screen to find the PnP settings. 11.7. Save the new BIOS settings and exit the BIOS setup program. 11.8. The computer will restart.

DATA RESULTS
Figure 2.1 Front view of assembled PC (label the buttons) Figure 2.2 Side view of assembled PC including its internal components (label all major bays) Figure 2.3 Back view of assembled PC (draw and label IO ports)

DATA ANALYSIS
1. Draw a flow chart on how to assemble a PC, and 2. Guidelines or lab pre-cautions before assembling PC.

QUESTIONS
1. When installing a processor, how do you know how to insert the processor so that is not off 90 degrees or inserted backward? 2. When you insert the processor, the processor does not slide into the socket. What should you do? 3. Describe the basic steps in inserting DIMMs or RIMMs onto the motherboard. 4. What is used to physically separate the motherboard so that metal contacts do not make contact with the metal case? 5. Is the power supply a high failure item in a computer? If it is, why is it considered a high failure item? 6. When you remove the power supply from the case, how many screws usually hold the power supply in the case? 7. As a general rule concerning the power connector, where should the red line be when connecting the floppy with the ribbon cable? 8. Define what the POST does.

9. What is the problem when you hear a single beep? 10. How do you enter the BIOS setup program?

CONCLUSION