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Dear Reader:

The Army Acquisition, Logistics and Technology community is charged to perform a vital mission to
provide our Soldiers a decisive advantage in any mission by developing, acquiring, fielding, and
sustaining the worlds best equipment and services and leveraging technologies and capabilities to
meet current and future Army needs. Soldiers are the decisive edge. We provide them with leading-edge
technologies and advanced capabilities to dominate in our current operations across the battlespace while
simultaneously preparing to respond decisively to future threats.

This annual publication describes how we are accomplishing our mission and highlights our major
acquisition programs. You will learn what each program is designed to achieve for our Soldiers and the
programs status. Furthermore, you will learn about the contractors involved, teaming arrangements, and
critical interdependencies with other programs and fielded systems. In addition, this handbook augments
several key publications that characterize the strategic context for our work, including the 2010 Army
Posture Statement, the 2010 Army Modernization Strategy, and our Science and Technology Master Plan.

Our comprehensive modernization program reflects an overarching vision to meet the equipping demands of
our Soldiers by developing and fielding an affordable and interoperable mix of the best equipment available
for success in both todays and tomorrows full spectrum military operations. It encompasses strategic
relevance, complexity, innovation, and interconnectedness of the products and systems that we are
delivering to our men and women in uniform. We are also working to institutionalize wartime innovations
to better enable success in todays wars while ensuring that our forces are prepared for a complex future.

Americas Soldiers are our most precious resource. They are at the center of all that we accomplish and the
focus of all our plans. We are dedicated to meeting their needs around the clock and around the world. As
you reference this publication and learn more about the Acquisition, Logistics and Technology community
and our major acquisition programs, you will understand that our top priority is to ensure Americas
Soldiers are the decisive edge. We will never let them down.

Malcolm R. ONeill
Assistant Secretary of the Army
(Acquisition, Logistics and Technology)
and Army Acquisition Executive

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Table of Contents
How to Use this Book...................................................................................................... VI Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Dismounted Reconnaissance Sets,
Kits, and Outfits (CBRN DR SKO)................................................................................... 58
Introduction.......................................................................................................1
Chemical Demilitarization ............................................................................................. 60
Weapon Systems.............................................................................................13 CH-47 Chinook.............................................................................................................. 62
2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra)................................................................................. 14 Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)............................................................................64
Abrams Tank Upgrade (M1A2)....................................................................................... 16 Combat Service Support Communications (CSS Comms)..............................................66
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)................................................ 18 Command Post Systems and Integration (CPS&I)..........................................................68
Advanced Threat Infrared Countermeasure/Common Missile Warning Common Hardware Systems (CHS)............................................................................... 70
System (ATIRCM/CMWS).............................................................................................. 20 Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS)................................................. 72
Air Warrior (AW)............................................................................................................. 22 Counter Defilade Target Engagement (CDTE)XM25 .................................................... 74
Air/Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS)......................................... 24 Countermine.................................................................................................................. 76
Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)............................................................................. 26 Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM)............................................................... 78
All Terrain Lifter Army System (ATLAS).......................................................................... 28 Defense Enterprise Wideband SATCOM System (DEWSS).............................................. 80
Armored Knight ............................................................................................................ 30 Distributed Common Ground SystemArmy (DCGS-A)................................................... 82
Armored Security Vehicle (ASV)..................................................................................... 32 Distributed Learning System (DLS)................................................................................84
Army Key Management System (AKMS)........................................................................34 Dry Support Bridge (DSB).............................................................................................. 86
Artillery Ammunition...................................................................................................... 36 Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT) Capabilities IBCT Increment 1................. 88
Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer (AVCATT)........................................................ 38 Enhanced Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance System (EMARSS).......... 92
Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3)..................................................40 Excalibur (XM982).........................................................................................................94
Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)............................................................................... 42 Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)...................................................................96
Black Hawk/UH-60........................................................................................................44 Fixed Wing..................................................................................................................... 98
Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems Upgrade ...................................................................46 Force Protection Systems ........................................................................................... 100
Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS)..........................................................................48 Force Provider (FP)...................................................................................................... 102
Chemical Biological Medical SystemsDiagnostics........................................................ 50 Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2).............................................. 104
Chemical Biological Medical SystemsProphylaxis........................................................ 52 Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD C2)....................................... 106
Chemical Biological Medical Systems/Transformational Medical Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition (FTMGA)............................................................... 108
TechnologiesTherapeutics...........................................................................................54 General Fund Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS)................................................... 110
Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS)............................................................... 56 Global Combat Support SystemArmy (GCSS-Army)....................................................112
Global Command and Control SystemArmy (GCCS-A)................................................114

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Gray Eagle Extended Range Multipurpose (ERMP) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)... 116 Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD)......................................................................... 170
Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV)...................................................................................... 118 Joint Chemical Biological Radiological Agent Water Monitor (JCBRAWM)..................... 172
Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS) ............................................................................ 120 Joint Effects Model (JEM).............................................................................................174
Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) DPICM/Unitary/Alternative Joint Effects Targeting System (JETS) Target Location Designation System (TLDS) . .. 176
Warhead (Tactical Rockets)......................................................................................... 122 Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV)................................................................................... 178
Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)/ Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated NettedSensorSystem(JLENS) .... 180
HEMTTExtendedServiceProgram(ESP).................................................................... 124 Joint Land Component Constructive Training Capability (JLCCTC)............................... 182
Heavy Loader.............................................................................................................. 126 Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)................................................................................ 184
Hellfire Family of Missiles............................................................................................ 128 Joint Personnel Identification Version 2 (JPIv2)............................................................ 186
Helmet Mounted Night Vision Devices (HMNVD).......................................................... 130 Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS)....................................................................... 188
High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS).......................................................... 132 Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM)............................................................. 190
High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE) I and III........................................................ 134 Joint Service Transportable Decontamination System (JSTDS)Small Scale (SS)........ 192
High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Family of Vehicles................. 136 Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS)........................................................................ 194
Improved Environmental Control Units (IECU)............................................................... 138 Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne and Maritime/Fixed Station (JTRS AMF)............ 196
Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)...................................................................................... 140 Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR).................................. 198
Improved Target Acquisition System (ITAS).................................................................. 142 Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack, and SmallFormFit(JTRSHMS)......200
Installation Protection Program (IPP)........................................................................... 144 Joint Tactical Radio System Multifunctional Information
InstrumentableMultiple Integrated Laser Engagement System (I-MILES)................... 146 Distribution System (JTRS MIDS)................................................................................202
Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) . ................................................................ 148 Joint Tactical Radio System, Network Enterprise Domain (JTRSNED).........................204
Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE).................................................................. 150 Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN)...........................................................206
Interceptor Body Armor............................................................................................... 152 Kiowa Warrior..............................................................................................................208
Javelin......................................................................................................................... 154 Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)........................................................................................... 210
Joint-Automatic Identification Technology (J-AIT)........................................................ 156 Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A Lakota............................................................... 212
Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM).............................................................................. 158 XM806Lightweight .50 cal Machine Gun................................................................... 214
Joint Battle CommandPlatform (JBC-P)..................................................................... 160 Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW155)........................................................................ 216
Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS)......................................................... 162 Lightweight Laser Designator/Rangefinder (LLDR) AN/PED-1..................................... 218
Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS).................................................... 164 Line Haul Tractor.........................................................................................................220
Joint Biological Tactical Detection System (JBTDS)..................................................... 166 Load Handling System Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo).......................................222
Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3)....................................... 168 Longbow Apache (AH-64D) (LBA)............................................................................... 224

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


IV

Table of Contents
Medical Communications for Combat Casualty Care (MC4).........................................226 Sentinel....................................................................................................................... 282
Medical Simulation Training Center (MSTC).................................................................228 Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (TUAS)....................................................284
Medium Caliber Ammunition (MCA).............................................................................230 Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) ................................286
Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)......................................................... 232 Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons ...........................................................................288
Meteorological Measuring SetProfiler (MMS-P).........................................................234 Small ArmsIndividual Weapons . ...............................................................................290
Mine Protection Vehicle Family (MPVF)........................................................................236 Small Caliber Ammunition............................................................................................292
Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP).....................................................238 Sniper Night Sight (SNS), AN/PVS-10..........................................................................294
Mobile Maintenance Equipment Systems (MMES)....................................................... 240 Spider..........................................................................................................................296
Modular Fuel System (MFS) ....................................................................................... 242 Stryker Family of Vehicles............................................................................................298
Mortar Systems........................................................................................................... 244 Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (SLAMRAAM).............300
Mounted Soldier System (MSS)................................................................................... 246 Tactical Battle Command (TBC)/Maneuver Control System (MCS)...............................302
Movement Tracking System (MTS).............................................................................. 248 Tactical Electric Power (TEP).......................................................................................304
Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1........................................................250 Tank Ammunition (TA).................................................................................................306
NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) . ............................................................... 252 Test Equipment Modernization (TEMOD)......................................................................308
Nett Warrior (NW) . .....................................................................................................254 Transportation Coordinators Automated Information for Movement
Night Vision Thermal SystemsThermal Weapon Sight (TWS)......................................256 System II (TC-AIMS II)................................................................................................. 310
Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems (NIIS) . ...................................................................258 Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked, Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles................................. 312
Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV) Unit Water Pod System (Camel II) ............................................................................... 314
Stryker Sensor Suite.................................................................................................260 Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 1.................................... 316
One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF)....................................................................... 262 Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 2.................................... 318
Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV)..........................................264 Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 3.................................... 320
Palletized Load System (PLS) and PLS Extended Service Program (ESP).....................266 Weapons of Mass Destruction Elimination................................................................... 322
PATRIOT Advanced CapabilityThree (PAC-3) . ...........................................................268
Science & Technology (S&T)........................................................................ 324
Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)....................................................................................... 270
S&T INVESTMENTFUTURE FORCE TECHNOLOGY AREAS........................................ 325
Prophet........................................................................................................................ 272
FORCE PROTECTION................................................................................................... 326
Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS) . ....................................................... 274
Kinetic Energy Active Protection System ................................................................. 326
Rough Terrain Container Handler (RTCH)..................................................................... 276
Threat and Minefield Detection Payload for Shadow Tactical Unmanned
Screening Obscuration Device (SOD)Visual Restricted (Vr)........................................ 278 Aerial Vehicle .......................................................................................................... 326
Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable TacticalTerminal (SMART-T)...................................280 Advanced Aircraft Survivability................................................................................ 327

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Detection for In-Road Threats ................................................................................. 327 Power for the Dismounted Soldier ...........................................................................335
Extended Area Protection & Survivability (EAPS) Integrated Demo . ........................ 327 Advanced Affordable Engine Technology..................................................................335
INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, RECONNAISSANCE.................................................. 328 Mobile Power...........................................................................................................335
Battlespace Terrain Reasoning AwarenessBattle Command................................. 328 High Performance Lightweight Track.......................................................................335
Target Location Designation System ....................................................................... 328 BASIC RESEARCH.......................................................................................................336
Advanced Common Sensor Payload......................................................................... 328 S&T ROLE IN FORMAL ACQUISITION MILESTONES.....................................................338
IRON Symphony....................................................................................................... 329 SUMMARY . ................................................................................................................338
Flexible Display Technology for Soldiers and Vehicles............................................... 329
COMMAND, CONTROL, COMMUNICATIONS, AND COMPUTERS (C4)..........................330 Appendices................................................................................................... 339
Collaborative Battlespace Reasoning and Awareness ..................................................330 Army Combat Organizations........................................................................................340
RF Adaptive Technologies Integrated with Communications and Location................330 Glossary of Terms........................................................................................................ 341
LETHALITY.................................................................................................................. 331 Systems by Contractors...............................................................................................345
Advanced Lasers and Unmanned Aerial System Payloads ....................................... 331 Contractors by State....................................................................................................357
Applied Smaller, Lighter, Cheaper Munitions Components........................................ 331 Points of Contact......................................................................................................... 361
Scalable Technology for Adaptive Response . .......................................................... 331
MEDICAL.....................................................................................................................332
Psychological Resetting after Combat Deployment: Advanced Battlemind . .............332
Damage Control Resuscitation ................................................................................332
Drug for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) ............................................332
Prophylactic Drugs to Prevent Drug-Resistant Malaria ............................................332
Alternative Dengue Fever Vaccine Strategy..............................................................333
Candidate Multivalent Vaccine Against HIV-1............................................................333
UNMANNED SYSTEMS................................................................................................333
Safe Operations of Unmanned Systems for Reconnaissance in
Complex Environments ...........................................................................................333
SOLDIER SYSTEMS.....................................................................................................334
Soldier Planning Interfaces and Networked Electronics............................................334
High-Definition Cognition (HD-COG) In Operational Environments............................334
LOGISTICS...................................................................................................................335

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


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How to Use this Book

All systems are in alphabetical order System interdependencies

310 311
Highlighted rectangles
Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked,
indicate investment Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles
Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked,
Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles

component INVESTMENT COMPONENT FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MISSION A3) within the Infantry, Stryker, fortifications, and light-skinned armor The TOW weapon system has been sold to

Foreign military sales


Modernization more than 43 allied nations over the life of
Provides long-range, heavy anti-tank and Heavy Brigade Combat Teams, threats. The missile impact is at the
Recapitalization respectively. TOW missiles are also aim point. It has a 6.25 pound, 6-inch the system.
and precision assault fire capabilities to
Army and Marine forces. employed on the Marine HMMWV- diameter high-explosive, bulk-charge
Maintenance CONTRACTORS
mounted ITAS, HMMWV-mounted warhead, and its missile weighs 45.2
TOW 2B Aero and TOW BB
DESCRIPTION M220A4 launcher (TOW 2), LAV-ATGM pounds. The TOW BB has an impact
Prime:
The Close Combat Missile System Vehicle, and AH1W Cobra attack sensor (crush switch) located in the
Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson, AZ)
Heavy (CCMS-H) TOW (Tube- helicopter. TOW is also employed by main-charge ogive and a pyrotechnic
Control Actuator, Shutter Actuator:
Launched, Optically-Tracked, Wire- allied nations on a variety of ground detonation delay to enhance warhead
Moog (Salt Lake City, UT)
Guided) is a heavy anti-tank/precision and airborne platforms. effectiveness. The PBXN-109 explosive
Warheads:

Contractor information
assault weapon system, consisting of is housed in a thick casing for
Aerojet General (Socorro, NM)
a launcher and a missile. The missile The TOW 2B Aero is the most modern maximum performance. The TOW BB
Gyroscope:
is six inches in diameter (encased, 8.6 and capable missile in the TOW family, can produce a 21- to 24-inch diameter
BAE Systems (Cheshire, CT)
inches) and 49 inches long. The gunner with an extended maximum range to hole in an 8-inch thick, double-

Mission statement:
Sensor (TOW 2B only):
defines the aim point by maintaining 4,500 meters. The TOW 2B Aero has reinforced concrete wall at a range of
Thales (Basingstoke, UK)
the sight cross hairs on the target. an advanced counteractive protection 65 to 3,750 meters.
Launch Motor:
The launcher automatically steers the system capability and defeats all

Howthe system benefits


ATK (Radford, VA)
missile along the line-of-sight toward current and projected threat armor SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Flight Motor:
the aim point via a pair of control wires systems. The TOW 2B Aero flies over M1121/1167 HMMWV, Stryker ATGM,
ATK (Rocket Center, WV)
or a one-way radio frequency (RF) the target (offset above the gunners ITAS

warfighters, combatant
Machined/Fabricated Parts:
link, which links the launcher and the aim point) and uses a laser profilometer
Klune (Spanish Fork, UT)
missile. and magnetic sensor to detect and fire PROGRAM STATUS
two downward-directed, explosively- Current: TOW 2B and BB RF in

commanders, and support TOW missiles are employed on the


High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
Vehicle (HMMWV)-mounted Improved
formed penetrator warheads into the
target. The TOW 2B Aeros missile
weight is 49.8 pounds (encased, 65
production

PROJECTED ACTIVITIES

personnel Target Acquisition System (ITAS),


HMMWV-mounted M220A4 launcher
(TOW 2), Stryker Anti-Tank Guided
pounds).

The TOW Bunker Buster is optimized


FY11FY15: TOW MY

Missile (ATGM) Vehicles, and Bradley for performance against urban


Fighting Vehicles (A2/A2ODS/A2OIF/ structures, earthen bunkers, field

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering & Manufacturing Development Production & Deployment Operations & Support
Contractor locations
UNITED STATES ARMY WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011 arehighlighted

Highlighted rectangles indicate


acquisition phase

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What are System What are Acquisition Production & Deployment achieves Because the Army is spiraling
Interdependencies? Phases? an operational capability that satisfies technology to the troops as soon as
mission needs. Components of this it is feasible, some programs and
The purpose of the System Technology Development refers phase are: systems may be in all four phases
Interdependencies section is to to the development of a materiel Low-rate initial production at the same time. Mature programs
outline which other weapon systems or solution to an identified, validated Full-rate production decision review are often only in one phase, such as
components (if any) the main system need. During this phase, the Mission Full-rate production and deployment operations and support, while newer
works in concert with or relies upon for Needs Statement (MNS) is approved, systems are only in concept and
its operation. This year we have broken technology issues are considered, and Operations & Support ensures that technology development.
down the interdependencies to In this possible alternatives are identified. operational support performance
Publication, a listing of systems in This phase includes: requirements and sustainment of For additional information and
this 2011 edition, and Other Major Concept exploration systems are met in the most cost- definitions of these categories and
Interdependencies, systems that are Decision review effective manner. Support varies but terms, please see the Glossary.
not included in this handbook. Component advanced development generally includes:
Supply
Engineering & Manufacturing Maintenance
What are Investment Development is the phase in which Transportation
Components? a system is developed, program risk Sustaining engineering
is reduced, operational supportability Data management
Modernization programs develop and design feasibility are ensured, Configuration management
and/or procure new systems with and feasibility and affordability Manpower
improved warfighting capabilities. are demonstrated. This is also the Personnel
phase in which system integration, Training
Recapitalization programs rebuild or interoperability, and utility are Habitability
provide selected upgrades to currently demonstrated. It includes: Survivability
fielded systems to ensure operational System integration Safety, Information technology
readiness and a zero-time, zero-mile System demonstration supportability
system. Interim progress review Environmental management
functions
Maintenance programs include the
repair or replacement of end items,
parts, assemblies, and subassemblies
that wear out or break.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


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The American Soldier is our Priority


and Most Precious Asset

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


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ASA (ALT)
Mission VISION
Provide our Soldiers a decisive A highly innovative organization
advantage in any mission by of dedicated professionals
developing, acquiring, fielding, transforming the Army with
and sustaining the worlds best integrated Acquisition, Logistics,
equipment and services and and Technology capabilities
leveraging technologies and to provide Soldiers a decisive
capabilities to meet current and advantage and win our
future Army needs. nationswars!
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3

STRATEGIC CONTEXT
We face a global security environment characterized by Lessons learned from the current operating environment
persistent conflict against enemies determined to disrupt and a capability-based assessment highlight that some
our Soldiers mission. Our goal is to do everything we current capabilities do not adequately counter the current
can to provide the best equipment deliver Soldiers to the threats and lack the capability needed to adequately
battlefield for a range of missions. They need the fire and meet the operational requirements of future warfighting
maneuver capabilities that allow them to communicate, concepts and threats.
engage, and disengage. Our troops must continue to
operate with confidence in their equipment, operational
capabilities, communication, enhanced situational
awareness, and force protection. We want our Soldiers to
return from every operation and engagement.

Modernizing the Army will help to counter rapidly


emerging threats that change the nature of battlefield
operations. This is accomplished by capturing lessons
learned from the range of combat to include close combat
and improved explosive devices (IEDs). The Army must
develop and field new capabilities or sustain, improve,
or divest current systems based on operational value,
capabilities shortfalls, and available resources. These
decisions are based on the principles identified in the
Armys Modernization and Equipping Strategies and
are influenced by the results of detailed deliberations
within the Armys maturing Capability Portfolio Reviews
(CPRs). These, in turn, will be influenced by the
requirement for Operational Adaptability contained in
the 2010 Army Operating Concept.

Decentralized operations are required within the context


of Mission Command. The complex and uncertain
strategic environment dictates the need for capabilities
and weapon systems that provide the essential qualities
of adaptability and versatility, to operate in current and
future environments across the spectrum of conflict.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


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SOLDIERS ARE THE DECISIVE EDGE


The Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, ASA (ALT)s focus is closely aligned with the Army
Logistics and Technology (ASA (ALT)) is deeply invested Modernization Strategy, which outlines a series of
in developing, delivering and sustaining the best weapons key goalssuch as the continued development of
technology available to assist Soldiers in executing the new technologies engineered to provide Soldiers with
myriad of operational requirements in a fluid and volatile the decisive edge in battle. These technologies in
strategic environment. With the Soldier as the key focus, development span a range of new capability to include
ASA (ALT) seeks to equip Soldiers with the best in robots, sensors, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS),
cutting-edge technology and effectively manage up to 650 missiles and missile guidance systems, emerging
programs that are vital to success incombat. combat platforms such as the Ground Combat Vehicle,
and key technologies such as the Armys maturing
network, designed to connect Soldiers, sensors, and
multiple nodes to one another in real-time to improve
operational effectiveness across the full spectrum of
combatoperations.

At the same time, the modernization strategy places


a premium on finding affordable solutions, finding and
applying efficiencies designed to maximize the value
of dollars spent on development, and more rapidly
delivering greater technological capability within an
increasingly constrained fiscal environment. To this end,
the Army is developing an Affordable Modernization
Strategy that seeks to develop needed systems with
a mind to budgetary responsibility. Part of this
involves synchronizing and integrating programs,
platforms, and systems in relation to one another from
a system-of-systems point of view in order to maximize
interoperability, reduce redundancy, and prioritize an
acquisition strategy which correctly organizes and
develops technologies as interconnected systems.

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ASA (ALT) is working vigorously to implement The CPRs include Aviation, Network, Radios, Precision
guidance from Defense Secretary Robert Gates, Fires, Air and Missile Defense, Tactical Wheeled
which calls upon the services to sustain current Vehicles, Combat Vehicle Modernization, Soldier
force structure and needed modernization by Systems, Engineer Mobility/Countermobility, Intelligence
achieving two to three percent real growth. The Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR), Training
current and planned base defense budget has Ammunition, Software/Hardware, and Watercraft.
steady but modest growth of one percent per year,
The CPRs are also aimed at informing the Armys
necessitating innovative processes and doing more,
overarching investment strategy that seeks to effectively
withoutmore.
manage taxpayer dollars with a mind to providing the
To make up the difference and preclude reductions best technologies to our Soldiers while maintaining
in needed military capability, the difference of one affordability. For instance, the Precision Fires CPR
to two percent per year will be made up elsewhere determined that the Army no longer has a need to develop
across the Department of Defense and the services. the Non-Line-of-Sight Launch System (NLOS-LS) because
The goal is to significantly reduce excess overhead it already has similar capabilities in its arsenal. As a
costs and apply savings to force structure and result of the CPR, the requirement for the NLOS-LS was
modernization. cancelled in an effort to remove redundancy while still
developing the best capabilities for Soldiers incombat.
Part of this effort includes the application of Lean
Six Sigma methodologies and Continuous Process The goal of the CPRs is to make the best use of
Improvement guidelines. investment dollars and continue to serve Soldiers while
being responsible stewards of taxpayer money and
Part of this modernization processemphasizing this constrained National resources.
system-of-systems engineering and validation of core-
required capabilitieshinges upon the results of the
Armys Capability Portfolio Reviews (CPRs). These
CPRs have taken up a detailed examination of groups of
technologies and systems from a portfolio perspective
with a mind to perceiving how they relate to one another
and the full capability perspective of the operating force.
A key emphasis of the CPRs is to identify areas where
efficiencies can be increased and redundancies can be
eliminated. The reviews are grounded in the reality that
the defense budget will not increase nor be sustained at
the levels it has in recent years, therefore ushering in
an anticipated more constrained budget environment in
coming years.

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6

Enabling Army Modernization


so our Soldiers Dominate For this reason, acquisition processes need to be
synchronized with the requirements process to best
Today and Tomorrow identify needs and capability gaps experienced by
Soldiers in battle today; ASA (ALT) will continue to
work closely with the Armys Training and Doctrine
Command (TRADOC) to ensure that the requirements
ASA (ALT) is developing technologies with a specific development process is deeply interwoven with weapons
mind to the ever-changing contingencies in todays systems modernization. There are times when systems
combat environment. Soldiers are the decisive in development need to change, adjust, and tailor their
edge in a wide range of potential conflict scenarios requirements to meet with current capabilities and
ranging from peacekeeping and nation building to urgent needs coming from combatant commanders in
fighting conventional, irregular, or hybrid enemies. theater. This process is one that requires continuous
Army Doctrine calls upon the force to be prepared evaluation and reassessment throughout the weapons
for what is called full-spectrum operations, meaning system development process.
they must be equipped for all potential scenarios to Also for this reason, the Armys acquisition strategy is
include high-, medium-, and low-intensity conflict. The designed to be tailorable to changing threats. The Army
Armys acquisition strategy and weapons platforms seeks to train, develop and equip Soldiers who are able to
seek to accommodate this operational reality and stay in front of an adaptive, fast-changing adversary. By
prepare Soldiers to be adaptive to an entire range of emphasizing the best design, delivery, and sustainment
potentialoperations. of Army equipment, ASA (ALT) will remain focused on
harnessing scientific innovations in order to identify and
develop the most promising new technologies.

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the army modernization strategy Integrating the Brigade Combat Team


ASA (ALT) seeks to ensure that Americas Army Part of the Armys modernization effort hinges upon its
is the worlds preeminent land power by equipping continued transformation from the Cold War division
and sustaining Soldiers in a timely and responsible structure to smaller, deployable Brigade Combat Teams
fashion with the best technologies available. The (BCTs); as part of its modular design approach, the
Armys Modernization Strategy is squarely aimed at Army is moving toward a force structure which identifies
accomplishing this goal; ASA (ALT) is constantly units as BCTsdesigned and composed as they are
working to identify and develop emerging technologies prepared to deploy. Described as part of the Army Force
that have the potential to strengthen Soldiers. As a Generation (ARFORGEN) cycle, the BCTs are identified
result, continued scientific and technological innovation as effective combat units to be modernized.
is a constant Army focus; the Army works to preserve
To this end, the Army is preparing a series of new
and build upon its relationships with its partners
technologies for its Infantry Brigade Combat Teams
in academia and industry designed to enhance the
equipping them with robots, sensors and UAS systems all
learning curve and advance technology for the benefit
networked together using software programmable radio
of Soldiers. A key focus of the modernization effort is
and satellite technologies. The idea is for the dismounted
the need to prepare Soldiers for the fast pace of change
Soldierthe centerpiece of Army modernizationto
on todays battlefield by keeping abreast of the latest in
have the ability to share more information faster, further
scientificdiscovery.
and more efficiently across the force in real-time using
A centerpiece of this strategy is the recognition new sensors and network technology.
that many of the systems in this handbook are
Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT)
interdependent, meaning they rely upon and reinforce
modernization is a term identifying the Armys emphasis
one another. For this reason, ASA (ALT) approaches
on BCT transformation; using the battlefield network
acquisition from a system-of-systems point of view that
as its core, E-IBCT technologies will provide Soldiers
places a premium upon looking at how technologies work
with an unprecedented battlefield connectivity. E-IBCT
in tandem as part of a larger system. Modernization and
technologies, which include the Small Unmanned Ground
development of new capability must accommodate this
Vehicle (SUGV) robot, the Class I UAS, the Urban and
system-of-systems approach.
Tactical Unattended Ground Sensors, and the first
increment of the Armys network are slated to deploy
with forces in 2011.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


8

The Network as the Centerpiece MRAP Force Protection Saving Lives


Part of this equation involves continued investment in
of Army Modernization proven technologies such as Mine Resistant Ambush
Protected (MRAP) vehicles. MRAPs are engineered with
a blast-debris deflecting V-shaped hull and an armored
The idea of the Army network is to connect multiple
capsule to protect Soldiers from roadside bombs and IEDs.
echelons and be able to move information from the
The MRAPs, and the lighter weight, more mobile MRAP
dismounted Soldier on the tactical edge, up to the
All Terrain Vehicles (M-ATV) have proven their ability to
platoon and company level, and all the way up to
save Soldiers lives in combat.
higher headquarters. The information travels through
aterrestrial network able to send voice, video, data, As a result of their performance in battle and proven value
andimagery through Joint Tactical Radio Systems to Soldiers, MRAPs will remain a vital part of the Armys
(JTRS) software programmable radios using high Tactical Wheeled Vehicle fleet for years to come. MRAPs
bandwidth waveforms such as Soldier Radio Waveform will be assigned to specific BCTs so that they are available
(SRW) and Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW). to perform key functions such as route clearance and
Information sent and received by the terrestrial layer is Soldier transportation when needed.
connected to Warfighter Information NetworkTactical
(WIN-T), a satellite network able to send information Also, MRAPs have been outfitted with Network
over long distances using fixed nodes as well as vehicles Integration Kits (NIK)giving them the latest in Army
on-the-move. networking technology. Using software-programmable
radio such as JTRS and satellite technology such as
The Armys network can use the terrestrial layer in WIN-T, the networked MRAPs are able to share real-
addition to beyond line-of-sight satellite connections; the time information such as sensor feeds from nearby
line-of-sight radio connections can be extended through robots and UAS across the force while on the move.
use of an aerial tier which places Rifleman Radios on This new capabilityvalidated in technical field tests
aircraft such as UH-60 Black Hawks, AH-64 Apaches and network exercisesconnects units at the battalion
and Shadow UAS. With the aerial tier, units do not have and company levels and below to one another and to
to place a relay team on the top of a mountain ridge or higher headquarters in real-time using the NIKs and
reposition a command post to ensure communication Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)
between ground units over extended distances. displayscreens.
For instance, the Armys network will make it possible MRAPs and other vehicles in the Army fleet will take
for Soldiers in a vehicle on-the-move to view and share advantage of lighter weight armor composites as they
real-time feeds from a nearby robot, ground sensor, or become available. The Army ResearchLaboratory
UASinstantaneously providing them combat-relevant is testing combinations of materials which can out-
information and enabling them to share that information perform traditional steel at a much lighter weight;
with other units on the move, dismounted Soldiers, and these technologies will spin out into the force as they
higher echelons of the force. becomeavailable.

UNITED STATES ARMY


9

A prime example of the search for efficiencies within Currently, there are three payload categories that cover
major programs, the Department of Defense, Army, and ten JLTV configurations. Category A, the smallest
Marine Corps have succeeded in achieving a $2 billion category, will have a combat transport weight of 14,322
The Network is the cost avoidance on the MRAP program by applying systems pounds and supports a 3,500-pound payload while
engineering techniques and Lean Six Sigma practices armored. Category B is somewhat larger, supporting a
singularly most to the program. The thrust of the cost avoidance was 4,500-pound payload while armored; Category C supports
achieved through several key methodologies; MRAP a 5,100-pound payload while armored. The Category
important program program managers streamlined and coordinated the C vehicles will also address shelter and ambulance
requirements process to better determine which vehicles requirements. The entire JLTV family is transportable by
tothe Army. to upgrade and developed a database portal aimed at tactical assets (CH-47, CH-53, C-130), greatly reducing
sharing key information across the 25,000-strong fleet the burden on strategic assets such as the limited
ofvehicles. quantity of C-17 and C-5 aircraft.
General George W. Casey, Jr. JLTV Development: Performance, Protection, Other requirements include building a vehicle that can
U.S. Army Chief of Staff andPayload generate 30 kilowatts of exportable power, drive when
tires are shot, accommodate scalable armor solutions and
The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, or JLTV, Technology
extra spall liner, and embedded diagnostics.
Development phase industry teams have built
government prototypes, engineering an unprecedented
blend of mobility, payload capacity, and survivability
building a light tactical vehicle that will withstand
IED attacks, drive quickly through diverse terrain, and
transport beneath a CH-47 or CH-53 helicopter.

The Army-Marine Corps JLTV program will produce a


new fleet of tactical vehicles that can support a range of
mission sets. The Army is developing a family of JLTV
vehicles and companion trailers that can be used in any
operational environmentlow- to high-intensity conflict,
major combat operations, or hybrid warfare. Following a
Milestone C decision in 2013, the Army plans to purchase
55,000 JLTVs and the Marines plan to buy 5,500. Full
production is slated for 2015.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


10

Paving the Way for the Ground Combat Vehicle


Transforming Army Acquisition
The Army plans to develop, design, build, and deploy a
Ground Combat Vehicle Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) and Business Practices
as a centerpiece of its combat vehicle modernization
strategy. The Army requires an IFV that can deliver a The Army remains sharply focused on finding ways to
squad to the battlefield in a full-spectrum environment continually examine and improve the acquisition process
under armor. No single vehicle available today can with a mind to increasing efficiency. This approach
provide the necessary combination of capabilities includes a new, 120-day, Secretary of the Army-directed
planned for the Ground Combat Vehicle. Plans for the Army Acquisition Review, designed to take up and
vehicle include development of a system that has abilities evaluate the entire range of acquisition practices to
equivalent to or surpassing the mobility of the Stryker included funding, policy, processes, and major programs.
and the protection of an MRAP.
In addition, the Army is emphasizing Lean Six Sigma
Based on lessons learned in over eight years of war, the business practices in many of its programs. These are
Army has confirmed that the existing fleets, including specific, business-proven methods aimed at finding way
the Bradley IFV, cannot provide the needed combination to streamline productivity and reduce overhead costs.
of space, weight and power, advanced force protection, Applying these methods recently resulted in a $2 billion
and mobility needed to prevail in 21st century full- cost avoidance on the MRAP program because program
spectrum environments. managers found ways to consolidate and streamline
The Ground Combat Vehicle will be able to maneuver in vehicle upgrade requirements.
urban environments, withstand IED attacks, and house A system-of-systems approach is vital to these ongoing
the state of-the-art in vehicle computing technologyall efforts to transform business practices; the Army must
while delivering a squad to the battlefield under the best look at developing, managing, and acquiring technologies
armor protection available. in the most efficient way possible, an approach which
includes the need to understand the interdependencies
between systems. There must be an emphasis upon
maturing the capability to synchronize programs and
If we are to preserve the Army integrate schedules, deliveries, and other developments
that we have built so painstakingly across the acquisition process.
over the last eight years, we, the As a result of these and other practices, the acquisition
civilians and military leadership of community remains acutely aware of its need to further
the transformation of its business efforts. These
the Department, must fundamentally initiatives help the Army transform as an institution and
change the way we do business. ensure that the service provides the best value possible
for the taxpayer and the Soldierwho is at the very
center of these efforts.
General George W. Casey, Jr.
U.S. Army Chief of Staff

UNITED STATES ARMY


11

Communicating and Collaborating with ASA (ALT) recently embarked upon a revitalized
Industry industry engagement program that brings leaders of
industry together with key Army decision-makers in an
The Army must continue to foster, harness, and develop
effort to facilitate open and worthwhile conversations;
its relationships with vital industry partners as a way
both the Army and its industry partners stand to
to ensure the best possible development of new and
benefit from such an arrangement that recognizes the
emerging systems. With this as an organizing principle,
importance of proactive engagement. The rationale
ASA (ALT) has created a new industry outreach
behind such an approach is grounded in the effort
engagement program squarely focused on furthering
to minimize misunderstandings and eleventh hour
partnerships with industry and facilitating constructive
reactions. This industry program is squarely aimed at
dialogue designed to achieve the best results for Soldiers
working to anticipate future developments, recognizing
in combat. Recognizing the importance of revitalizing
and communicating industry trends, and identifying the
industry engagement, the Army continues to nurture
evolution of key technologies that are maturing to the
this outreach program, fostering and preserving
point where they can help Soldiers incombat.
strong relationships between the Army and its vital
industrypartners. Eliminating Chemical Weapons
Recognizing that there are often circumstances where Achieving excellence in acquisition involves continuous
procurement sensitivities and ongoing competition may stewardship and superb management of highly sensitive
preclude the occasion to dialogue with industry about and visible programs for which ASA (ALT) has executive
certain topics, there are nonetheless ample opportunities agent authority, such as the Nations chemical weapons
for positive, proactive, and constructive engagement disposal program.
with industry partners. While placing a premium upon
The U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency (CMA),
the importance of properly defining the parameters for
using acquisition processes as its baseline, works with
discussion with industry partners, ASA (ALT) seeks to
private industry, academia, and other interested policy
foster an environment of open dialogue.
and environmental stakeholders to eliminate Americas
obsolete chemical weapons.

Overall, CMA has destroyed 78 percent of the nations


obsolete chemical weapons stockpile and anticipates that
it will reach 90 percent destruction by 2012.

CMA also responds to discoveries of non-stockpile


chemical weapons and safely stores those weapons
until their disposal. Moreover, CMA partners with the
Federal Emergency Management Agency to prepare local
communities to deal with potential emergencies involving
those weapons.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


12

PATH FORWARD
The Army is preparing for a strategic environment
characterized by persistent conflict and the resilience of
ruthless, determined, and adaptive adversaries. These
challenges form the basis of our requirement to modernize.
Continuous modernization is key to transforming Army
capabilities and maintaining a technological advantage
over our adversaries across the full spectrum of conflict.
ASA(ALT) has received extraordinary funding support
through wartime Overseas Contingency Operations funds,
but they have only enabled us to sustain the current fight.
ASA (ALT) looks forward to continued Congressional support
to achieve its broad modernizationgoals.
The systems listed in this book are not isolated, individual
products. Rather, they are part of an integrated system-of-
systems investment approach designed to make the Army of
the future able to deal successfully with the challenges it will
face. Each system and capability is important. These systems
represent todays investment in tomorrows securityto
ensure our Army successfully defendsourNation.

UNITED STATES ARMY


13

WEAPON
SYSTEMS
LISTED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


14

2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Diameter: 2.75 inches PROGRAM STATUS
Provides air-to-ground suppression, Weight: 2327 pounds (depending on Current: Producing annual
Recapitalization smoke screening, illumination, and warhead) replenishment for training, theater
direct and indirect fires to defeat area Length: 5570 inches (depending on combat expenditures, and war
Maintenance
warhead) reserve requirements
materiel and personnel targets at close
Range: 3008,000 meters
and extended ranges. Velocity: 700+ meters per second PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Area suppression: No precision FY11: Continue Hydra 70 production
DESCRIPTION and safety, reliability, and producibility
The Hydra 70 Rocket System of 2.75 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES program activities
inch air-launched rockets is employed None
by tri-service and special operating
forces on both fixed- and rotary-wing
aircraft and is inherently immune to
countermeasures. This highly modular
rocket family incorporates several
different mission-oriented warheads for
the Hydra 70 variant, including high-
explosive, anti-personnel, multipurpose
submunition, red phosphorus smoke,
flechette, training, visible-light
illumination flare, and infrared
illumination flare.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


15

2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Hydra 70: Colombia, Japan, Kuwait, the
Netherlands, Singapore, Thailand, and
United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Prime System:
General Dynamics (Burlington, VT)
Grain:
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA)
Fin & Nozzle:
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Anniston, AL)
Rocket Production:
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (Camden, AR)
Warhead Fuzes:
Action Manufacturing (Philadelphia, PA)
Warhead Flechette:
Penn United (Cabot, PA)
Fiber Containers:
Sonoco (Robesonia, PA)
Fastpack Refurbishment:
B&M Painting (Camden, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


16

Abrams Tank Upgrade (M1A2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Lethality improvements include the better Soldier-machine interface, and a SEP v2; 1st Infantry Division and
Stabilized Commanders Weapon new open operating system designed to 3rd Infantry Division are equipped
Recapitalization Station (SCWS) and ballistic solution run the Common Operating Environment with the Abrams M1A1 SA; Theater
upgrades for the M829A3 kinetic and (COE) software. Both the GPS and the Sustainment Stock (Kuwait) outfitted
Maintenance
the M1028 canister rounds. Common Commanders Independent Thermal with both M1A1SA and M1A2 SEPv2
Abrams modifications include Blue Viewer (CITV) on the M1A2 SEP tank tanks
MISSION Force Tracking (BFT), which is a digital include the improved thermal imaging Current: Abrams production of
Closes with and destroys enemy forces command and control system that gives capabilities of the new Block I second- M1A1 SA and M1A2 SEP v2 tanks
on the integrated battlefield using Army commanders across the battlefield generation FLIR technology. The M1A2 continue for both the Active Army,
current information about their location SEP has improved frontal and side armor Army National Guard (ARNG) and the
mobility, firepower, and shock effect with
relative to friendly forces; and the Power for enhanced crew survivability. The Training and Doctrine Command
lethality, survivability, and fightability
Train Improvement and Integration M1A2 SEP is also equipped with battery to meet the Armys modularity goals
necessary to defeat advanced threats. Optimization Program (TIGER engine and based auxiliary power, Total InteGrated by 2013
improved transmission), which provides Engine Revitalization (TIGER), and an
DESCRIPTION more reliability, durability, and a single upgraded transmission for improved PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Abrams tank upgrade includes standard for the vehicles power train. automotive reliability and durability. FY1112: 3rd Infantry Division,
two powerful variants, the M1A1 SA Survivability improvements include frontal 4th and 2nd Brigades, 1st Armored
(Situational Awareness) and the M1A2 armor and turret side armor upgrades. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Division, 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry
SEP (System Enhancement Program) None Division, and 116th Heavy Brigade
version 2. The 1,500-horsepower AGT M1A2 SEP v2: Upgrades include Combat Team, Idaho ARNG will be
turbine engine, the 120mm main gun, improved survivability, automotive PROGRAM STATUS fielded with the Abrams M1A2 SEP v2
and special armor make the Abrams power pack, computer systems, and Current: The 1st Cavalry Division; tank; M1A1 SA fielding continues to
tank particularly lethal against heavy night vision capabilities. Lethality 4th Infantry Division; 3rd Armored the 30th NC ARNG, 81st WA ARNG,
armor forces. improvements include Common Remotely Cavalry Regiment, 1st Brigade; 155th MS ARNG, 11th ACR, and Army
Operated Weapon Station (CROWS) 1st Armored Division; Army Prepositioned Stock 4 (Korea)
M1A1 SA: Improvements include the and ballistic solution upgrades for the Prepositioned Stock 5 (Kuwait); FY1112: Continue M1A2 SEP v2
Gunners Primary Sight (GPS) with M829A3 kinetic and the M1028 canister and the Army National Guards multi-year contract production
improved thermal imaging capabilities of rounds. The M1A2 SEP v2 has improved Regional Training Institute and FY1112: Continue TIGER production
the new Block I 2nd generation forward- microprocessors, color flat panel Regional Training Site-Maintenance
looking infrared (FLIR) technology. displays, improved memory capacity, are equipped with the Abrams M1A2

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


17

Abrams Tank Upgrade (M1A2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M1A1: Australia (59), Egypt (1,005),
Iraq (140)
M1A2: Kuwait (218), Saudi Arabia (329)

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
General Dynamics Land Systems
(SterlingHeights, MI)
Engine:
Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Transmission:
Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Anniston Army Depot (Anniston, AL)

Combat weight (tons): M1A1 - 68.59; M1A2 SEP v1 - 68.57;


M1A2 SEP v2 - 69.29
Speed: 42 mph, 30 mph x-country
Main gun/rounds (basic load): M1 - 105mm/55 rounds;
M1A1 - 120mm/40 rounds; M1A2 - 120mm/42 rounds
Machine guns: .50 caliber 900 rounds, 7.62mm 11,400 rounds

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


18

Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION by tactical communications in the Missile Defense Planning and Control
Provides the Army, Navy, and Marine form of a software-driven, automated System (AMDPCS), High Mobility
Recapitalization Corps automated fire support command, network. Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS),
control, and communications. Lightweight 155mm Howitzer System
Maintenance
AFATDS will automatically implement (LW155)
DESCRIPTION detailed commanders guidance in the
The Advanced Field Artillery Tactical automation of operational planning, Other Major Interdependencies
Data System (AFATDS) pairs targets movement control, targeting, target Lightweight Forward Entry Device
to weapons to provide optimum use value analysis, and fire support (LFED), Pocket-Sized Forward Entry
of fire support assets and timely planning. This project is a replacement Device (PFED), Joint Automated
execution of fire missions. AFATDS system for the Initial Fire Support Deep Operations Coordination System
automates the planning, coordinating, Automated System, Battery Computer (JADOCS), Theater Battle Management
and controlling of all fire support System, and Fire Direction System. Core System (TBMCS), Gun Display
assets (field artillery, mortars, close AFATDS is designed to interoperate UnitReplacement (GDU-R)
air support, naval gunfire, attack with the other Army battle command
helicopters, offensive electronic systems; current and future Navy and PROGRAM STATUS
warfare, and fire support radars). Air Force command and control weapon 1QFY09: Full materiel release
systems; and the German, French, (FMR) of AFATDS 6.5.0
AFATDS performs the fire support British, and Italian fire support 1QFY10: FMR of AFATDS 6.5.1
command, control, and coordination systems. The system has been used in (Windows)
requirements of field artillery and operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. 4QFY10: FMR of AFATDS 6.6.0
maneuver from echelons above corps (Marshall Build)
to battery or platoon in support of all SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
levels of conflict, and is capable of In this Publication PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
processing 200 fire missions per hour. Distributed Common Ground System 2QFY11: FMR of AFATDS 6.7.0
The system is composed of common Army (DCGS-A), Force XXI Battle (MacArthur Build)
hardware and software employed in Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2), 1QFY13: FMR of AFATDS 6.8.0
varying configurations at different Excalibur (XM982), Multiple Launch (Eisenhower Build)
operational facilities (or nodes) and Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1,
unique system software interconnected Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition
Support Vehicle (FAASV), Air/

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


19

Advanced Field Artillery Tactical


Data System (AFATDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Portugal, Taiwan,
Turkey

CONTRACTORS
Software:
Raytheon (Fort Wayne, IN)
Hardware:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
Raytheon (Fort Wayne, IN)
HIMARS Shelters:
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)
NET:
VIATECH (Lawton, OK)
Technical:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Eatontown, NJ)
Fielding:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
IV&V:
Titan Systems (Lawton, OK)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


20

Advanced Threat Infrared Countermeasure/Common Missile


Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION integrated ultraviolet missile warning PROGRAM STATUS
Detects missile launches/flights, system, an Infrared Laser Jammer, and Current: All aircraft deployed to
Recapitalization protects aircraft from Tier 1 infrared Improved Countermeasure Dispensers Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation
(IR) guided missiles, and provides threat (ICMDs). This configuration can vary Enduring Freedom equipped with
Maintenance
with aircraft and type. CMWS prior to deployment; OH-58D,
awareness and IR countermeasures
Kiowa Warrior is latest platform to
using an airborne self-protection CMWS can function as a stand-alone integrate CMWS
system. system with the capability to detect Current: In process, next generation
missiles and provide audible and visual Electronic Control Unit (ECU) and
DESCRIPTION warnings to pilots. When installed Missile Warning Algorithms for all
The Advanced Threat Infrared with the Advanced IRCM Munitions aircraft
Countermeasure/Common Missile and ICMDs, it activates expendables to
Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS) decoy/defeat infrared-guided missiles. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
integrates defensive infrared ATIRCM adds the Directed Energy Continue: ATIRCM Quick Reaction
countermeasures capabilities into Laser Countermeasure Technology to Capability (QRC), the Armys latest
existing, current-generation aircraft to CMWS and is a key for Future Force Aircraft Survivability Equipment
engage and defeat multiple IR guided Army aircraft. (ASE) initiative to protect crews
missile threats simultaneously. and aircraft from advanced threat
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Man-Portable Air Defense Systems
The U.S. Army operational require- In this Publication (MANPADS)
ments concept for IR countermeasure CH-47F Chinook, Kiowa Warrior, Black Ongoing: Fielding to CH-47D/F
systems is the Suite of Integrated Hawk/UH-60 models
Infrared Countermeasures (SIIRCM). 1QFY11: Next generation ECU (for
It mandates an integrated warning and Other Major Interdependencies CMWS) initial deliveries planned
countermeasure system to enhance AH-64A, AH-64D, C-12R/T/U, C-23,
aircraft survivability against infrared C-26, Constant Hawk-A, Constant
guided threat missile systems. The Hawk-I, DHC-7, HH-60L, HH-60M,
ATIRCM/CMWS Program forms the MH-47E/G, MH-60K/L/M, RC-12/C-12,
core element of the SIIRCM concept. RC-12K/N/P/Q, UC-35
ATIRCM/CMWS has a modular
configuration consisting of an

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


21

Advanced Threat Infrared


Countermeasure/Common Missile
Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
ATIRCM/CMWS (Prime):
BAE Systems (Nashua, NH)
Logistics Support:
AEPCO (Huntsville, AL)
Software Configuration Management
Support:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Huntsville, AL)
CMWS-GTRI E2E Data Analysis/SIL
Development:
Georgia Tech Applied Research Corp.
(Atlanta, GA)
OH-58D Product Documentation Update:
Bell Helicopter Textron (Fort Worth, TX)
Test Support Data Analysis:
MacAulay-Brown, Inc. (Dayton, OH)
UH-60A/L P31 Upgrade:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Engineering/Tech Production Support:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Huntsville,AL)
OATS Phase 3:
David H. Pollock Consultants
(Eatontown,NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


22

Air Warrior (AW)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION AW Block I provides: Communication Enhancement and
Provides enhanced mission Survival Equipment Subsystem, Protection System (CEPS) provides
Recapitalization effectiveness, leveraging clothing and which integrates first aid, survival, helmet hear-through capability
equipment to maximize aircrew member signaling, and communications
Maintenance
equipment with body armor and over- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
survivability.
water survival subsystems In this Publication
DESCRIPTION Microclimate Cooling System, which Force XXI Battle Command Brigade
Air Warrior (AW) is a modular, increases effective mission duration and Below (FBCB2), Black Hawk/UH-
integrated, rapidly reconfigurable in heat-stress environments by more 60, Joint Battle CommandPlatform
combat aircrew ensemble that saves than 350 percent (JBC-P), Soldier Body Armor, CH-47F
lives and maximizes Army aircrew Aircrew Integrated Helmet System, Chinook, Army Key Management
mission performance. Previous aviation a lighter helmet with increased head System (AKMS), Kiowa Warrior, Light
life support equipment consisted and hearing protection Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A
of a non-integrated assemblage of Lakota, Longbow Apache (AH-64D)
protective and survival gear. AW AW Increment III: (LBA), Modernized UH-60 Black Hawk
uses a systems approach to equipping Electronic Data Manager (EDM), a
the aircrew and closes the capability portable digital-mission planning Other Major Interdependencies
gap between human and machine. device for over-the-horizon Fixed Wing
Fielded incrementally in blocks to messaging and enhanced situational
rapidly provide enhanced capabilities awareness capabilities through PROGRAM STATUS
to the warfighter, AW leverages and connectivity to Blue Force Tracking, FY09: Fielded Air Warrior
integrates clothing and equipment, Aviation Increment III systems
such as the Army Aircrew Combat Aircraft Wireless Intercom System FY10: Fielding of the CEPS and
Uniform and ballistic protection from (AWIS) for secure cordless, hands- SKRAM
other Product Managers. free aircrew communications
Survival Kit, Ready Access, Modular PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(SKRAM) Go-Bag with integrated FY11: Continue fielding and reset
hydration of Air Warrior to units prior to
Portable Helicopter Oxygen Delivery deployment
System, a Soldier-worn supplemental
breathing oxygen system for high-
altitude operations
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


23

Air Warrior (AW)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Bahrain, Canada, United Arab
Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Telephonics Corp. (Farmingdale, NY)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)
Aerial Machine and Tool Corp. (Vesta, VA)
Westwind Technologies Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Carleton Technologies Inc. (Orchard Park, NY)
Med-Eng Systems Inc. (Ogdensburg, NY)
Raytheon Technical Services (Indianapolis, IN)
Secure Communication Systems Inc.
(SantaAna, CA)
US Divers (Vista, CA)
CEP Inc. (Enterprise, AL)
Science and Engineering Services, Inc. (SESI)
(Huntsville, AL)
Gibson and Barnes (Santa Clara, CA)
Oxygen Generating Systems International
(Buffalo, NY)
Gentex Corp. (Rancho Cucamonga, CA)
Mountain High Equipment and Supply Co.
(Redmond, OR)
Taylor-Wharton (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


24

Air/Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION links for airspace coordination with PROGRAM STATUS
Provides an automated command and Joint, interagency, multinational, and 4QFY08: Complete fielding of
Recapitalization control system that integrates Air and coalition forces. AMDPCS to 31st and 35th ADA
Missile Defense planning and operations Brigades and to four composite AMD
Maintenance
AMDPCS in ADA brigades and battalions procured in FY08
for ADAM Systems, ADA Brigades, and
AAMDCs provides expanded staff 3QFY10: BOIPs approved for
AAMDCs. planning and coordination capabilities AMDPCS Family of Systems
for integrating defense of the air 1QFY11: Complete fielding of 10
DESCRIPTION battlespace. AMDPCS includes ADAMs procured in FY10
The Air/Missile Defense Planning and shelters, automated data processing 1QFY11: Complete FY10 reset of 32
Control System (AMDPCS) is an Army equipment, tactical communications, ADAMs
Objective Force system that provides standard vehicles, tactical power, and
integration of Air and Missile Defense the following two software systems PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(AMD) operations at all echelons. for force operations/engagement 2QFY11: Fielding AMDWS version
AMDPCS systems are deployed with operations: Air and Missile Defense 6.5.1 with 3D display
Air Defense Airspace Management Workstation (AMDWS) and Air 4QFY11: Fielding two ADA brigades
(ADAM) Systems, Air Defense Defense System Integrator (ADSI). and 6 ADAMs
Artillery (ADA) brigades, and Army 1QFY12: Complete FY10 reset
Air and Missile Defense Commands AMDWS is a staff planning and projection of 34 ADAMs
(AAMDCs). battlespace SA tool that provides
commanders with a common tactical
ADAM provides the commanders at and operational air picture. ADSI is
Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs), fires a fire control system that monitors
brigades, combat aviation brigades, and and controls air battle engagement
division and corps tactical operations operations by subordinate or
systems with situational awareness attachedunits.
(SA) of the airspace. ADAM provides
collaboration and staff planning SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
capabilities through the Army Battle None
Command System and operational

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


25

Air/Missile Defense Planning and


Control System (AMDPCS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Ultra, Inc. (Austin, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


26

Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION multiplatform COMINT geolocation Capabilities include:
Provides tactical commanders with operations. The ARL system includes a Endurance/ceiling: 8 hours/20,000
Recapitalization a day/night, near all-weather, near variety of communications subsystems feet
real-time airborne communications to support near-real-time dissemination Speed/gross weight: 231 knots/
Maintenance
of intelligence and dynamic retasking 47,000 pounds
intelligence/imagery intelligence
of the aircraft. ARL provides real-time Range with max payload: greater
(COMINT/IMINT) collection and down-link of MTI data to the Common than 1,400 nautical miles
designated area surveillance system. Ground Station (CGS) at the Brigade Mission completion rate: greater
Combat Team through echelon-above- than 90 percent
DESCRIPTION corps level. Eight aircraft are configured
Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL) as ARLMultifunction (ARL-M), ARL will continue to support current
is a self-deploying, multisensor, day/ equipped with a combination of IMINT, operations until a future system is
night, all-weather reconnaissance, COMINT, and SAR/MTI payload and fielded.
intelligence system. It consists of a demonstrated hyperspectral imager
modified DeHavilland DHC-7 fixed-wing applications and multi-intelligence SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
aircraft equipped with COMINT/IMINT (multi-INT) data fusion capabilities. None
and Ground Moving Target Indicator/ Four mission workstations are on board
Synthetic Aperture Radar (GMTI/ the aircraft and are remote-operator PROGRAM STATUS
SAR), and electro-optical (EO)/infrared capable. The Intelligence and Security 2QFY09: Phoenix Eye upgrade on
(IR) full-motion video capability. The Command (INSCOM) operates all ARL-M1
payloads are controlled and operated ARL systems and currently supports 2QFY10: Convert ARL C2 into
via on-board open-architecture, Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) ARL-M7
multifunction workstations. Intelligence with one to four ARL-M aircraft, 3QFY10: Convert ARL C1 into
collected on the ARL can be analyzed, United States Forces Korea (USFK) ARL-M8
recorded, and disseminated on the with three ARL-M aircraft, and U.S.
aircraft workstations in real time Central Command (CENTCOM) with one PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and stored on board for post-mission aircraft. Future sensor enhancements FY11: Continue imagery, radar,
processing. During multi-aircraft are focused on upgrades to the COMINT, COMINT, system interoperability,
missions, data can be shared between IMINT, and radar payloads to support and workstation architecture
cooperating aircraft via ultra high emerging threats. upgrades
frequency air-to-air data links allowing

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


27

Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Sierra Nevada Corp. (Hagerstown, MD)
Aircraft Survivability:
Litton Advanced Systems
(Gaithersburg, MD)
COMINT Subsystem:
BAE Systems (Manchester, NH)
EO/IR Subsystem:
WESCAM (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada)
Engineering Support:
CACI (Berryville, VA)
Radar Subsystem:
Lockheed Martin (Phoenix, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


28

All Terrain Lifter Army System (ATLAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION carriage for handling loads weighing Cruising range: 10 hours of operation
Provides a mobile, variable reach, up to 10,000 pounds at 48-inch load before refueling
Recapitalization rough terrain forklift (RTFL) capable of center (Air Force 463L pallets). Road speed: 23 miles per hour
handling all classes of supplies. Force protection: Integrated armor
Maintenance
ATLAS is a key component of
DESCRIPTION the Armys Container Oriented SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The All Terrain Lifter Army System Distribution System. The ATLAS None
(ATLAS) is a C-130 air-transportable, II is an Environmental Protection
10,000-pound-capacity, variable-reach, Agency TierIII-compliant ATLAS with PROGRAM STATUS
RTFL. ATLAS supports units from improved reliability, performance, 2QFY07: ATLAS II contract award;
the transportation, quartermaster, survivability, and transportability. ongoing production and fielding of
ordnance, missiles and munitions, ATLAS I and ATLAS II systems are ATLAS I
engineer, aviation, and medical Army used to handle all classes of supply and
units. ATLASs cross-country mobility are essential to the deployment of a PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
allows it to support the Brigade continental U.S.-based Army and to the Continue: Fielding to units
Combat Teams and it is a critical asset sustainment of a deployed force.
supporting an expeditionary Army.
Crew survivability is being addressed
ATLAS is a military-unique vehicle: in accordance with the Armys Long
commercial forklifts cannot meet Term Armor Strategy.
military requirements. It is capable
of lifting 4,000 pounds at a 21.5 feet ATLAS Features
reach, 6,000 pounds at 15 feet, and Length: 27.02 feet
10,000 pounds at four feet. ATLAS is Width: 8.35 feet (ATLAS II is four
equipped with two interchangeable inches narrower)
fork carriages: a 6,000-pound carriage Height: 8.92 feet
for stuffing and unstuffing standard Weight: 33,500 pounds
Army pallets with 24-inch load centers Power train: 165 horsepower Cummins
from 20-foot containers weighing up diesel engine; Funk 1723 PowerShift
to 6,000 pounds; and a 10,000-pound (three-speed forward and reverse)
mechanical transmission

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


29

All Terrain Lifter Army System


(ATLAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
JLG Industries, Inc. (McConnellsburg, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


30

Armored Knight

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION maneuverability over the unarmored Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2),
Assists Heavy and Infantry Brigade M707. The system includes a full Lightweight Laser Designator/
Recapitalization Combat Teams (HBCTs and IBCTs) in 360-degree armored cupola and Rangefinder (LLDR) AN/PED-1, Single
performing terrain surveillance, target integrated Knight mission equipment Channel Ground and Airborne Radio
Maintenance
package. System (SINCGARS)
acquisition and location, and fire
support for combat observation lasing The mission equipment package Other Major Interdependencies
team missions. includes: Fire Support Sensor System FS3, FOS
(FS3) mounted sensor, Targeting
DESCRIPTION Station Control Panel, Mission PROGRAM STATUS
The M1200 Armored Knight provides Processor Unit, Inertial Navigation FY10: Cumulative total of 239
precision strike capability by locating Unit, Defense Advanced Global vehicle systems produced out of 386
and designating targets for both Positioning System Receiver (DAGR), vehicle systems procured; Vehicle
ground- and air-delivered laser-guided Power Distribution Unit, Rugged Hand- systems fielded to deploying HBCTs
ordnance and conventional munitions. Held Computer Unit (RHC) Forward and IBCTs
It replaces the M707 Knight High Observer Software (FOS).
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Vehicle (HMMWV) base and M981 fire Other Armored Knight specifications: 2QFY11FY12: Procure and
support team vehicles used by combat Crew: Three COLT members produce additional 79 M1200 vehicle
observation lasing teams (COLTs) in Combat loaded weight: Approximately systems; field to next deploying
both HBCTs and IBCTs. It operates 15 tons units in HBCTs/IBCTs in Active
as an integral part of the brigade Maximum speed: 63 miles per hour Component and Army National Guard
reconnaissance element, providing Cruising range: 440 miles FY12: Complete Design/Integration/
COLT and fire support mission Target location accuracy: less than Validation of Targeting under Armor
planning and execution. 20 meters circular error probable Capability for M1200 Armored
Knight for increased survivability
The Armored Knight is a M117 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Armored Security Vehicle (ASV) In this Publication
chassis/hull with add-on armor Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
fragmentation kits installed, System (AFATDS), Armored Security
providing enhanced survivability and Vehicle (ASV), Force XXI Battle

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


31

Armored Knight

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
M1117 ASV Hull:
Textron Marine & Land Systems
(NewOrleans, LA)
Precision Targeting Systems
Production/Vehicle Integration:
DRS Sustainment Systems, Inc. (St. Louis,
MO; West Plains, MO)
FS3 Sensor:
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
Inertial Navigation Unit:
Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
Common Display Unit:
DRS Tactical Systems (Melbourne, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


32

Armored Security Vehicle (ASV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Supports the military police missions The M1117 Armored Security Vehicle None
Recapitalization of rear-area security, law and order (ASV) is an armored and turreted
operations, battlefield circulation, and all-wheel drive vehicle that supports PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
military police and convoy missions Current: Continue fielding to support
enemy prisoner-of-war operations
and operations. The ASV provides military police companies and
over the entire spectrum of war and in protection to the crew compartment, convoy protection units
operations other than war, and performs gunners station, and the ammunition
convoy protection missions. storage area. The turret is fully PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
enclosed with an MK-19 40mm grenade FY11: Produce approximately 150
launcher gun, an M48 .50-caliber vehicles; field approximately 250
machine gun, and a multi-salvo smoke vehicles; upgrade turret capabilities
grenade launcher. The ASV provides
ballistic, blast, and overhead protection
for its four-person crew. The ASV has a
payload of 3,360 pounds, 400-mile-plus
range, top speed of nearly 70 miles per
hour, and C-17 deployability.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


33

Armored Security Vehicle (ASV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Non-standard stretch ASV-like vehicles
delivered to Iraq and Colombia; M1117
delivered to Iraq

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Textron Marine & Land Systems
(NewOrleans, LA)
Armor:
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)
Powerpack:
Cummins Mid-South LLC (Memphis, TN)
Control Unit:
Chenega (Panama City, FL)
Axles:
Lapeer Industries Inc. (Lapeer, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


34

Army Key Management System (AKMS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization AKMS provides tactical units and End Crypto Unit, and the Soldier. It PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
sustaining bases with an organic key is a small, ruggedized hand-held key FY11: LCMS software upgrade
Recapitalization generation capability and an efficient loading device. version 5.1
secure electronic key distribution FY11: Continue to procure and field
Maintenance
means. AKMS provides a system for The Coalition Joint Spectrum SKLs for Army, Air Force, Navy, and
distribution of COMSEC, electronic Management Planning Tool (CJSMPT) civilians
MISSION protection, and signal operating is supported for deployment and FY11: Complete refresh of ACES
Automates the functions of instructions (SOI) information from sustainment. It will provide joint hardware to current users
communication securities (COMSEC) the planning level to the point of spectrum management deconfliction FY11: SKL software upgrade
key management, control, and use in support of current, interim, capabilities for both communications version7.0
and objective force at division and and electronic warfare spectrum users.
distribution; electronic protection
brigadelevels.
generation and distribution; and signal SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
operating instruction management to The LCMS (AN/GYK-49) workstation AKMS systems are considered enabling
provide planners and operators with provides automated key generation, systems for equipment/systems to
automated, secure communications at distribution, and COMSEC accounting. receive key and frequency allotments.
theater/tactical and strategic/sustaining The ACES (AN/GYK-33), which is
base levels. the frequency management portion of PROGRAM STATUS
AKMS, has been designated by the 3QFY10: Procured over 6,000 SKLs
DESCRIPTION Military Communications Electronics for Army units
The Army Key Management Board as the joint standard for FY10: ACES software upgrade
System (AKMS) is a fielded system use by all services in development version2.0; SKL software upgrade
composed of three subsystems: Local of frequency management and version 6.0
COMSEC Management Software cryptographic net planning and SOI FY10: Refreshed and fielded
(LCMS), Automated Communications generation. The SKL (AN/PYQ-10) LCMS hardware to Army COMSEC
Engineering Software (ACES), and is the associated support item of custodians
the Data Transfer Device/Simple Key equipment that provides the interface FY10: Trained, deployed, and
Loader (SKL). Under the umbrella of between the ACES workstation, the sustained CJSMPT capability
the objective National Security Agency LCMS workstation, the warfighters
Electronic Key Management System,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


35

Army Key Management


System (AKMS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czech
Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Sierra Nevada Corp. (Sparks, NV)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Sypris (Tampa, FL)
CSS (Augusta, GA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


36

Artillery Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Separate-loading ammunition, used release of the 155mm M1066 IR
Provides field artillery forces with in 155mm howitzers, has separately Illumination projectile
Recapitalization modernized munitions to destroy, issued projectiles, fuzes, propellant 4QFY11: Complete full materiel
neutralize, or suppress the enemy by charges, and primers. After installing release of the 105mm M1130 pre-
Maintenance
the appropriate fuze on the projectile, formed fragmentation high-explosive
cannon fire.
the fuzed projectile is loaded into the (HE) cartridge
DESCRIPTION cannon along with the appropriate 4QFY11: Complete full materiel
The Armys artillery ammunition amount of propellant charges and release of the 155mm M1122 HE
program includes 75mm (used for aprimer. training projectile
ceremonies and simulated firing),
105mm, and 155mm projectiles The artillery ammunition program
and their associated fuzes and includes fuzes for cargo-carrying
propellingcharges. projectiles, such as smoke,
illumination, dual-purpose improved
Semi-fixed ammunition for short conventional munitions, and bursting
and intermediate ranges, used in projectiles, such as high explosives.
105mm howitzers, is characterized This program also includes bag
by adjusting the number of multiple propellant for the 105mm semi-fixed
propelling charges. Semi-fixed cartridges and modular artillery
ammunition for long ranges contains charge system for 155mm howitzers.
a single bag of propellant optimized
for obtaining high velocity and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
is not adjustable. The primer is None
an integral part of the cartridge
case, and is located in the base. All PROGRAM STATUS
105mm cartridges are issued in a 2QFY09: Completed type
fuzed or unfuzed configuration. Both classification of the 105mm M1064
cartridge configurations are packaged Infrared (IR) Illumination cartridge
withpropellant.
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
3QFY11: Complete full materiel

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


37

Artillery Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Canada, Israel, Lebanon

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
SystemsScranton Operations
(Scranton, PA)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Valleyfield, Qubec, Canada)
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA)
American Ordnance (Middletown, IA)
Esterline Defense Technologies
(Coachella,CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


38

Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer (AVCATT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization with simultaneous AAR capability is AVCATT is fully mobile, capable of PROGRAM STATUS
provided. All 23 AVCATT suites have using commercial and generator power, 1QFY10: Fielding of 23 suites
Recapitalization been fielded. The suites are continually and is transportable worldwide. The completed; program has satisfied its
upgraded. The Non-Rated Crew system is interoperable via local area Basis of Issue Plan
Maintenance
Member Manned Module (NCM3) and network/wide area network with other 2QFY10: Award of NCM3
SE Core/OneSAF Integration represent AVCATT suites and the Close Combat development contract; NCM3 will
MISSION the largest, current efforts. Tactical Trainer. represent the third trailer of
Provides a collective training system to AVCATT
meet aviation training requirements and The AVCATT single suite of equipment SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY10: All 23 suites: Multimillion
to support institutional, organizational, consists of two mobile trailers that In this Publication dollar upgrades complete; effort
house six reconfigurable, networked One Semi-Automated Force (OneSAF) provided technology refresh (new
and sustainment training for Active and
simulators to support the Apache, image generators, head mounted
Reserve Army aviation units worldwide Apache Longbow, Kiowa Warrior, Other Major Interdependencies displays, host and gate computers,
in combined arms training and Chinook, and Black Hawk. An after- AVCATT requires Synthetic and communications system)
missionrehearsal. action review theater and a battle Environment Core (SE Core) to provide
master control station are also terrain databases and virtual models. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION provided as part of each suite. OneSAF will provide a common SAF 3QFY11: SE Core and OneSAF
The Aviation Combined Arms Tactical through SE Core in the future. integration complete; begin fielding
Trainer (AVCATT) is a mobile, AVCATT builds and sustains training new software baseline with new
transportable, multi-station virtual proficiency on mission-essential tasks model/database/SAF capabilities
simulation device designed to support through crew and individual training 4QFY11: Field first NCM3 to
aviation unit collective and combined by supporting aviation collective Ft.Campbell, KY
arms training. AVCATT provides tasks, including armed reconnaissance 1QFY12: Field second NCM3 to
manned modules reconfigurable to any (area, zone, and route); deliberate Ft.Campbell, KY
combination of attack, reconnaissance, attack; covering force operations;
lift and/or cargo helicopters. There downed aircrew recovery operations;
are four role player stations for joint air attack team; hasty attack;
battalion/squadron staff, combined and air assault operations. The
arms elements, integrated threat system also has multiple correlated
or friendly Semi-Automated Forces visual databases to include Iraq
(SAF). Exercise record/playback andAfghanistan.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


39

AVCATT-A
2 Trailer Suite
Aviation Combined Arms Tactical
Trainer (AVCATT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
AVCATT:
L-3 Communications (Arlington, TX)
NCM3:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Orlando, FL)

Manned Simulators
Manned Simulator

Apache AH-64A Kiowa Warrior OH-58D

Chinook Ch-47D Black Hawk UH-60A/L

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


Apache Longbow AH-64D
40

Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization BCS3s core competencies are to The system will continue to be utilized PROGRAM STATUS
provide units, military personnel, and in training exercises, mission planning, 1QFY10: Software fielding
Recapitalization commanders with the best warfighting rehearsal, and execution. It can be BC08.10.02.03
capability through the logistics operated in unclassified and classified 2QFY10: Fielding to 167th Theater
Maintenance
COP; commodity visibility; convoy environments. BCS3 also interfaces Sustainment Command
operations; reception, staging, onward with other Army, Joint Multinational 3QFY10: Fielding to 135th
MISSION movement; and logistics reporting. The C2, and logistics business systems. In Sustainment Command
Supports U.S. land forces with a logistic BCS3 system is currently employed effect, the system advances the goal to (Expeditionary)
decision-making capability that is at multiple echelons, and is utilized increase capability for U.S. land forces
modular, tailorable, and scalable to to fuse sustainment, in-transit, and in Joint full-spectrum operations as laid PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
force data reports for commanders in out in the Armys Strategic Planning 3QFY11: Software delivery BC10.0.3
meet the full spectrum of battlefield
a war environment. With its Microsoft Guidance. 3QFY12: Software delivery BC10.0.4
logistics command and control (C2) in Windows-type COP, BCS3 can provide
the battle command environment. a comprehensive real-time logistical SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
report that is modularly structured, In this Publication
DESCRIPTION tailorable, and scalable to meet the Movement Tracking System (MTS)
The Battle Command Logistics full spectrum of battlefield logistics
Command and Control (BCS3) system C2requirements. Other Major Interdependencies
is an integral part of the Army Battle LIW/LOGSA, ILAP, SARSS, SAMS(E),
Command Systems (ABCS) automation BCS3 was developed by incorporating SASS-MOD, PBUSE, EMILPO, RFID
logistical and data portion of the innovative logistics technologies
common operational picture (COP). and applications developed over the
It is a precision tool designed for last decade with todays emerging
logistical planning and execution that technologies used in support of U.S.
provides commanders with overarching land forces missions in Iraq and
situational awareness critical in Afghanistan. BCS3 is currently aligned
making rapid, precise critical tactical, with the Armys Battle Command
operational, and strategic decisions in Collapse Strategy intended to migrate
a war environment. existing capability to Command Post
of the Future (CPOF), and web-enabled
Thin-Client Log C2 applications.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


41

Battle Command Sustainment


Support System (BCS3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Software Development/Engineering
Services:
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)
Field Support/Engineering Services:
Tapestry (San Diego, CA)
Program Support:
CACI (Chantilly, VA)
Hardware:
Dell Computer Corporation
(Round Rock, TX)
New Equipment Training:
Lockheed Martin (Tinton Falls, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


42

Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION System (IAFIS), Identity Dominance 4QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
Serves as the Department of Defense System (IDS), Special Operations directs Milestone B for BEC
Recapitalization authoritative biometric repository Identity Dominance (SOID) Increment 1 in FY12
Maintenance enabling identity superiority.
PROGRAM STATUS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION 4QFY08: DoD Biometrics 1QFY11: NG-ABIS Capability
Biometrics Enabling Capability (BEC) Acquisition Decision Memorandum Production Document approved
(formerly the Biometric Enterprise (ADM) directs Milestone B no later 2QFY11: Biometrics BEC Increment
Core Capability [BECC]), using than FY10 1 Capability Development Document
an Enterprise System-of-Systems 1QFY09: Biometrics in support approved
architecture, will serve as DoDs of Identity Management Initial 3QFY11: Full deployment decision
biometric repository, enabling multi- Capabilities Document approved for BEC Increment 0
modal matching, storing, and sharing by Joint Requirements Oversight 3QFY12: Milestone B for BEC
in support of identity superiority across Council Increment 1, i.e., permission to
the department. 4QFY09: DoD Biometrics ADM enter system development and
directs Analysis of Alternatives demonstration
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES (AoA) to be completed 2QFY10
In this Publication 3QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
Joint Personnel Identification version 2 approved name change from
(JPIv2) Biometric Enterprise Core Capability
(BECC) to Biometric Enabling
Other Major Interdependencies Capability (BEC)
Automated Identity Management 4QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
System (AIMS), Biometric approved Biometric AoA final
Identification System for Access report; ADM also directed the
(BISA), Detainee Reporting System current operational Next Generation-
(DRS), Department of Homeland Automated Biometric Identification
Security IDENT, FBI Integrated System to a full deployment decision
Automated Fingerprint Identification (BEC Increment 0) in FY11

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


43

Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Program Management Support
Services:
CACI (Arlington, VA)
The Research Associates (New York, NY)
System Development and Integration:
To be determined pending Milestone B

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


44

Black Hawk/UH-60

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization (UH-60M) provides greater cruising speed, rate can reposition a 105mm howitzer, its PROGRAM STATUS
of climb, and internal load than the crew of six, and up to 30 rounds of FY08: Multi-service/multi-year VII
Recapitalization (UH-60 A-A/L) UH-60A and L versions. During FY10 105mm ammunition in a single lift. contract award
the Army decided to continue only with The aircrafts critical components and FY08: UH-60M first unit equipped
Maintenance
developmental testing of the UH-60M systems are armored or redundant, FY08: UH-60M P3I upgrade first
P3I Upgrade components, including and its airframe is designed to flight
MISSION Common Avionics Architecture crush progressively on impact, thus Current: Production and fielding of
Provides air assault, general support, System, fly-by-wire flight controls and protecting crew and passengers. UH-60M and HH-60M aircraft
aeromedical evacuation, command and full authority digital engine control The UH-60M is a digital networked
control, and special operations support upgrade to the GE-701D Engine. platform with greater range and lift PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
to support maneuver Commanders Continue: Production and fielding of
to combat, stability, and support
There are also dedicated Medical through air assault, general support UH-60M and HH-60M aircraft
operations. Evacuation (MEDEVAC) versions command and control, and aeromedical FY12: Multi-service/multi-year VIII
of the UH-60 Black Hawk: the HH- evacuation. Full rate production for the contract award
DESCRIPTION 60A, HH-60L and HH-60M each new-build UH-60M began in 2007 and
The Black Hawk (UH-60) is the Armys include an integrated MEDEVAC the UH-60M is currently employed in a
utility tactical transport helicopter. Mission Equipment Package (MEP) second combat rotation.
The versatile Black Hawk has kit, providing day/night and adverse
enhanced the overall mobility of the weather emergency evacuation SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Army due to dramatic improvements in ofcasualties. In this Publication
troop capacity and cargo lift capability. Advanced Threat Infrared
It will serve as the Armys utility On the asymmetric battlefield, the Countermeasure/Common Missile
helicopter in the Future Force. Black Hawk enables the commander Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS},
to get to the fight quicker and Air Warrior (AW), Joint Tactical Radio
There are multiple versions of the to mass effects throughout the System Multifunctional Information
UH-60 Black Hawk: the original UH- battlespace across the full spectrum Distribution System (JTRS MIDS)
60A; the UH-60L, which has greater of conflict. A single Black Hawk can
gross weight capability, higher cruise transport an entire 11-person, fully Other Major Interdependencies
speed, rate of climb, and external equipped infantry squad faster than Blue Force Tracker (BFT)
load; and the UH-60M, which includes predecessor systems and in most
the improved GE-701D engine and weather conditions. The Black Hawk

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


45

Black Hawk/UH-60

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


UH-60M:
Bahrain, Mexico, United Arab Emirates
UH-60L:
Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi
Arabia, Thailand

CONTRACTORS
UH-60M:
Sikorsky (Stratford, CT)
701D Engine:
General Electric (Lynn, MA)
Multi-Function Displays:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Flight Controls:
Hamilton Sundstrand (Windsor Locks, CT)

UH-60A UH60L UH60M


MAX GROSS WEIGHT (pounds): 20,250 22,000 22,000
CRUISE SPEED (knots): 149 150 152
RATE CLIMB (feet per minute): 814 1,315 1,646
ENGINES (2 each): GE-700 GE-701C GE-701D
EXTERNAL LOAD (pounds): 8,000 9,000 9,000
INTERNAL LOAD (troops/pounds): 11/2,640 11/2,640 11/3,190
CREW: two pilots, two crew chiefs
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011
ARMAMENT: two 7.62mm machine guns
46

Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems Upgrade

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION TheBradleys position navigation with ODS fielded to 1st Brigade, 1st
Provides infantry and cavalry fighting GPS, inertial navigation, and enhanced Infantry Division and 2nd Brigade,
Recapitalization vehicles with digital command and squad SA includes a squad leader 1st Infantry Division
control capabilities, significantly display integrated into vehicle digital 3QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to Army
Maintenance
images and IC3. Prepositioned Stock 5; 3rd Brigade,
increased situational awareness,
1st Cavalry Division; 2nd Brigade,
enhanced lethality and survivability, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1st Cavalry Division; ODS fielded to
and improved sustainability and In this Publication 172nd Separate Infantry Brigade
supportability. Force XXI Battle Command Brigade 4QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to
and Below (FBCB2), Single Channel 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division;
DESCRIPTION Ground and Airborne Radio System ODSSA fielded to 81st Washington
The Bradley M2A3 Infantry/M3A3 (SINCGARS) Army National Guard
Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (IFV/CFV)
features two second-generation, Other Major Interdependencies PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
forward-looking infrared (FLIR) Army Battle Command System (ABCS), 2QFY11: Field Bradley A3 2nd
sensorsone in the Improved Bradley Blue Force Tracker (BFT), FM Voice- Brigade, 1st Armor Division and 3rd
Acquisition Subsystem (IBAS), the Advanced SINCGARS Improvement Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division; Field
other in the Commanders Independent Program (ASIP) Radio, Forward ODS SA 30th Heavy Brigade Combat
Viewer (CIV). These systems provide Observer Systems (BFIST Only), Team North Carolina Army National
hunter-killer target handoff Ground Mobile Radio System (GMRS), Guard
capability with ballistic fire control. System of Systems Common Operating 3QFY11: Field Bradley A3 2nd
The Bradley A3 also has embedded Environment (SOSCOE) Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division
diagnostics and an Integrated Combat 4QFY11: Field Bradley A3 1st
Command and Control (IC3) digital PROGRAM STATUS Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division and
communications suite hosting a Force 1QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to 1st 3rd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division;
XXI Battle Command Brigade-and- Brigade, 4th Infantry Division; ODS ODS fielded to TSS, Korea
Below (FBCB2) package with digital fielded to 170th Separate Infantry
maps, messages, and friend/foe Brigade
information. These systems provide 2QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to 4th
the vehicle with increased shared Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and
battlefield situational awareness (SA). 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division;

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


47

Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems


Upgrade

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
BAE Systems (York, PA; Santa Clara, CA)
DRS Technologies (Palm Bay, FL)
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
L-3 Communications (Muskegon, MI)
Curtiss-Wright (Littleton, MA)
Elbit Systems of America (Fort Worth, TX)

SPEED: 40 mph
RANGE: 250 miles
PAYLOAD: 6,000 pounds
VEHICLE WEAPONS: 25mm, TOW II, 7.62mm
M2/M3A3 MMBF required/actual: 400/681
DEPLOYABLE AIRCRAFT: C17, C5 WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011
48

Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization CALSETS are designed to plug into Army Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle with PROGRAM STATUS
enterprise and battle networks, fully a mounted shelter and integrated 2QFY09: Total-package fielding to
Recapitalization supporting net-centric Joint operations 10-kilowatt power generator. It is National Guard of CALSETS Secondary
and communications. The shelters are equipped with a basic set of precision Transfer Standards, AN/GSM-705
Maintenance
100 percent mobile, transportable in maintenance calibration standards Current: Sustainment of CALSETS
operational configuration by surface designed to support up to 70 percent Secondary Transfer Standards Basic,
MISSION mode or aircraft (C-130, C-5, and C-17). of the Armys high density precision AN/GSM-286; Secondary Transfer
Provides the capability to test, adjust, measurement equipment in forward Standards Augmented, AN/GSM-287;
synchronize, repair, and verify the Secondary Transfer Standards Basic, areas. This system is modular Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/
accuracy of Army test, measurement, AN/GSM-286: This set consists of and configurable to meet mission GSM-421 and AN/GSM-705
baseline instruments and components requirements and can operate in a true Current: Production and fielding
and diagnostic equipment across all
capable of supporting precision split-based mission posture. Designed for of CALSETS Secondary Transfer
measurement parameters. maintenance equipment in the physical, rapid deployment by surface or air, AN/ Standards, AN/GSM-705 (National
dimensional, electrical, and electronic GSM-421 will not radiate or be disrupted Guard)
DESCRIPTION parameters. by electromagnetic interference. Current: System development and
Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS) demonstration of an up-armor capable
consists of fixed and tactical shelters Secondary Transfer Standards Secondary Transfer Standards, CALSETS Secondary Transfer
that house all instrumentation, Augmented, AN/GSM-287: This set AN/GSM-705: This calibration platform Standards, AN/GSM-421(v2)
components, and power generation consists of baseline instruments and consists of a M1088A1 Medium Tactical
equipment constituting a set. CALSETS components with expanded capability Vehicle Tractor with a 35-foot trailer PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
is capable of providing support to to support a wider variety of precision and integrated 15-kilowatt generator. 2QFY11: AN/GSM-421(v2) limited
maintenance units or area support from maintenance equipment. It is capable It contains the baseline and expanded- user test
brigade to multi-theater sustainment of supporting precision maintenance issue instruments and components. 3QFY11: Milestone C for AN/GSM-
operations. They are designed to equipment in the physical, dimensional, The platform applies a network-centric 421(v2)
calibrate 90 percent of the Armys test, electrical, electronic, radiological, approach to precision maintenance 3QFY11: AN/GSM-421(v2) Full-rate
measurement and diagnostic equipment electro-optical, and microwave frequency support operations and data handling. production decision
workload with an objective of 98 percent. parameters. 3QFY11: AN/GSM-421(v2) Production
The Calibration Sets Secondary Transfer SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES contract awarded
Standards are deployed worldwide and Secondary Transfer Standards, None 3QFY12: AN/GSM-421(v2) First unit
are used to verify and transfer precision AN/GSM-421: This calibration platform equipped
accuracy to the current and future force. consists of a M1152 High Mobility

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology
Concept & Technology
Development
Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment
System Development & Demonstration Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


49

Calibration Sets Equipment


(CALSETS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan, Egypt, Japan, Lithuania,
Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, United Arab
Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Dynetics, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
AN/GSM-421 AN/GSM-705
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
(SantaClara,CA)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Huntsville, AL)
Fluke Corp. (Everett, WA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


50

Chemical Biological Medical SystemsDiagnostics

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION use. JBAIDS is operated throughout
Provides the warfighter with safe, the combat zone by medical laboratory
Recapitalization robust, and affordable medical personnel.
Maintenance countermeasures against a broad
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
spectrum of chemical, biological,
None
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats
and uses government and commercial PROGRAM STATUS
best practices to acquire Food and 2QFY09: National Guard fielding
Drug Administration (FDA)-approved complete (26 systems)
CBRN medical countermeasures and 4QFY09: Emergency use
diagnostics. authorization for Swine Flu (H1N1)
1QFY10: FDA clearance for Avian
DESCRIPTION Flu (H5N1) in vitro diagnostic (IVD)
The Joint Biological Agent kit
Identification and Diagnostic
System (JBAIDS) is a reusable, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
portable, modifiable biological 1QFY11: FDA clearance for typhus
agent identification and diagnostic IVD kit
system capable of rapid, reliable, and 4QFY11: Complete Navy fielding (31
simultaneous identification of multiple systems)
biological agents and other pathogens 4QFY11: FDA clearance for Q-fever
of operational concern. The ruggedized IVD kit
and hardened system is configured to
support deployed medical personnel
with the ability to identify specific
biological organisms from clinical and
environmental sources and samples.
The JBAIDS anthrax, tularemia,
brucellosis, and plague detection
systems are FDA cleared for diagnostic

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


51

Chemical Biological Medical


SystemsDiagnostics

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Idaho Technologies (Salt Lake City, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


52

Chemical Biological Medical SystemsProphylaxis

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Recombinant Botulinum Toxin protect the warfighter from potential
Provides the warfighter with safe, Vaccine A/B (rBV A/B): exposure to smallpox. Both products
Recapitalization robust, and affordable medical The Recombinant Botulinum Bivalent are FDA approved.
countermeasures against a broad Vaccine is comprised of nontoxic
Maintenance
botulinum toxin heavy chain (Hc) SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
spectrum of chemical, biological,
fragments of serotypes A and B None
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) formulated with an aluminum
threats. hydroxide adjuvant and delivered PROGRAM STATUS
intramuscularly prior to potential 1QFY09: Plague Vaccine Phase
DESCRIPTION exposure to botulinum toxins. 2a clinical study complete; Plague
Chemical Biological Medical Systems Vaccine manufacture scale-up and
Prophylaxis consists of the following Bioscavenger II (BSCAV II): validation initiated; rBV Phase 1b
components: The Bioscavenger program fills clinical study complete; rBV Phase 2
an urgent capability gap in the clinical study initiated
Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed (AVA): warfighters defense against nerve 1QFY10: Bioscavenger Phase 1
The Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed is the agents by development of a nerve agent clinical study complete; Bioscavenger
only Food and Drug Administration prophylactic by rendering protective large-scale manufacturing, process
(FDA)-licensed anthrax vaccine in the equipment, in theory, unnecessary. qualification, and validation begins
United States that provides cutaneous, Bioscavenger Increment II consists 3QFY10: Plague Vaccine Phase 2b
gastrointestinal and aerosol infection of Protexia, recombinant human clinical study begins
by battlefield exposure to Bacillus butyrylcholinesterase produced in the 4QFY10: rBV Phase 2 clinical study
anthracis. milk of transgenic goats and modified complete
with polyethylene glycol. Current: Smallpox and AVA in
Recombinant Plague Vaccine (rF1V): Sustainment
The Recombinant Plague Vaccine is a Smallpox Vaccine System (SVS):
highly purified polypeptide produced The Smallpox Vaccine System PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
from non-sporeforming bacterial (SVS) Program provides both the 4QFY11: rBV A/B large-scale
cells transfected with a recombinant ACAM2000 smallpox vaccine manufacturing process validation
vector from Yersinia pestis to prevent and the Vaccinia Immune Globulin, complete
pneumonic plague. Intravenous (VIGIV) to vaccinate and 2QFY13: rBV A/B Milestone C
decision

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology
Concept & Technology
Development
Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


53

Chemical Biological Medical


SystemsProphylaxis

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Plague Vaccine:
Canada, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
AVA:
Emergent BioSolutions (Bioport),
(Lansing,MI)
rF1V:
DynPort Vaccine (Frederick, MD)
rBV A/B:
DynPort Vaccine (Frederick, MD)
BSCAV II:
PharmAthene (Annapolis, MD)
SVS:
Acambis plc (Cambridge, MA)
Cangene, Corp. (Winnipeg, Manitoba,
Canada)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


54

Chemical Biological Medical Systems/Transformational


Medical TechnologiesTherapeutics
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization diazepam. Midazolam, injected Intracellular Bacterial Pathogens 4QFY10: INATS Phase 1 clinical
intramuscularly, will treat seizures (IBP) will mitigate the threat of illness study begins
Recapitalization and prevent subsequent neurological or death, as well as lessen issues with 4QFY10: MDRAC Biologics License
damage caused by exposure to nerve performance degradation resulting Application (BLA) submission to
Maintenance
agents. AAS will not eliminate from exposure. FDA
the need for other protective and
MISSION therapeutic systems. Hemmorhagic Fever Viruses (HFV) PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides the warfighter with safe, medical countermeasures will mitigate 1QFY11: AAS new drug application
robust, and affordable medical Improved Nerve Agent Treatment the threat of illness or death, as well submission to FDA
countermeasures against a broad System (INATS] is an enhanced as lessen issues with performance 1QFY11: INATS Phase 2 clinical
treatment regimen against the effects degradation resulting from exposure. study begins
spectrum of chemical, biological,
of nerve agent poisoning. The new Due to the general severity of these 1QFY11: HFV Phase 1 trials begin
radiological and nuclear (CBRN) threats; oxime component of INATS will replace diseases, HFV therapeutics will be 3QFY11: HFV Milestone B decision
uses government and commercial 2-PAM in the Antidote Treatment administered to infected Warfighters 4QFY11: IBP Phase 1 trials begin
best practices to acquire Food and Nerve Agent Autoinjector (ATNAA). while under direct medical observation. 4QFY11: HFV Phase II Piviol
Drug Administration (FDA)-approved Animal Studies
CBRN medical countermeasures and Medical Radiation Countermeasure SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
diagnostics. (MRADC) Acute radiation syndrome None
(ARS) manifests as hematopoietic
DESCRIPTION (bone marrow), gastrointestinal, PROGRAM STATUS
Chemical Biological Medical and cerebrovascular subsyndromes 1QFY10: AAS Phase 2 clinical study
Systems/Transformational Medical depending on the dose of radiation complete
TechnologiesTherapeutics consists of received. The lead MRADC is adult- 1QFY10: MRADC pivotal non-
the following components: derived mesenchymal stem cells human primate (NHP) studies begin
(Prochymal) that will treat the 2QFY10: AAS definitive NHP
Advanced Anticonvulsant System gastrointestinal subsyndrome of ARS. efficacy study complete
(AAS) will consist of the drug The portfolio of MRADC will, when 2QFY10: INATS Phase 1 clinical
midazolam in an autoinjector. The used as a system, provide a robust study begins
midazolam-filled autoinjector will capability to the warfighter. 3QFY10: MRADC pivotal NHP
replace the fielded Convulsant Antidote studies complete
for Nerve Agents (CANA) that contains

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology
Concept & Technology
Development
Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


55

Chemical Biological Medical


Systems/Transformational Medical
TechnologiesTherapeutics

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
AAS:
Meridian Medical Technologies
(Columbia,MD)
INATS:
Southwest Research Institute
(SanAntonio, TX)
MRADC:
Osiris Therapeutics (Columbia, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


56

Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION All ancillary equipment required PROGRAM STATUS
Enables medical personnel to treat to provide protection, except the 24QFY10 First article testing
Recapitalization casualties without the encumbrance generator, is mounted within the
of individual protective clothing and shelter. Medical equipment and crew PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
gear are transported inside the LMS. 2QFY11: Follow-on test and
equipment in a highly mobile, easy-
evaluation
to-use, and self-contained chemical- CBPS will be assigned to trauma 3QFY11: Production and fielding
biological (CB) hardened facility. treatment teams/squads of maneuver
battalions, medical companies
DESCRIPTION of forward and division support
The Chemical Biological Protective battalions, nondivisional medical
Shelter (CBPS) is a highly mobile, treatment teams/squads, division and
self-contained system designed to corps medical companies, and forward
replace the M51 Collective Protection surgical teams.
Shelter and the currently fielded un-
armored CBPS HMMWV variant. CBPS SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
consists of a Lightweight Multipurpose In this Publication
Shelter (LMS) mounted on an armored Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles
M1085A1 Medium Tactical Vehicle (FMTV), Single Channel Ground and
(MTV) and a 400-square-foot, airbeam- Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS),
supported soft shelter. CBPS provides Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD)
a contamination-free, environmentally
controlled working area for medical Other Major Interdependencies
personnel to obtain relief from the need The shelter system is integrated onto
to wear CB protective clothing for 72 an armored MTV.
hours of operation.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


57

Chemical Biological Protective


Shelter (CBPS)

Environmental 400-foot2 Air FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Control Unit Beam Shelter None

Medical and CONTRACTORS


System Smiths Detection, Inc. (Edgewood, MD)
Equipment

Small Enclosure
(includes control panel and
medical equipment)
Dual 25k W
Generators GPFU

M1085A1 MTV
(including B-Kit armor)
Long Term Armor
Strategy (LTAS)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


58

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Dismounted


Reconnaissance Sets, Kits, and Outfits (CBRN DR SKO)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION may be enclosed or confined, and are PROGRAM STATUS
Provides chemical, biological, radiological, therefore inaccessible by traditional FY09: Approval to field to an
Recapitalization and nuclear (CBRN) reconnaissance in CBRN reconnaissance-mounted additional eight JUONS systems
confined spaces and terrain inaccessible platforms. CBRN site assessments help to provide a total of 27 systems to
Maintenance
planners determine if more thorough be fielded under urgent materiel
by traditional CBRN reconnaissance
analysis is required to mitigate risks releases
mounted platforms/vehicles. or gather intelligence on adversaries FY0910: Continue JUONS fieldings
chemical warfare agents, biological FY10: Materiel development decision
DESCRIPTION warfare agents, or toxic industrial approval
The Chemical, Biological, Radiological, materialcapabilities.
Nuclear (CBRN) Dismounted PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Reconnaissance Sets, Kits, and From 2008 to 2010, 27 DR SKO- FY1011: DR SKO Milestone B
Outfits (DR SKO) system consists like systems were fielded in support decision
of commercial and government off- of Joint Urgent Operational Needs FY12: Milestone C, low-rate initial
the-shelf equipment that provides Statements (JUONS) to Central production decision
personnel protection from CBRN Command and the services.
hazards, as well as detection,
identification, sample collection, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
decontamination, marking, and hazard None
reporting of CBRN threats. The system
is composed of handheld, man-portable
detectors that detect and identify
potential Weapons of Mass Destruction
(WMD) and/or WMD precursors and
determine levels of protection required
to assess a sensitive site. The system
supports dismounted reconnaissance,
surveillance, and CBRN site-
assessment missions to enable more
detailed CBRN information reports
for commanders. These site locations

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


59

Chemical, Biological, Radiological,


Nuclear Dismounted Reconnaissance
Sets, Kits, and Outfits (CBRN DR SKO)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
ICx Technologies (Pittsburgh, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


60

Chemical Demilitarization

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and assessment and destruction of 4QFY10: CMA announced the
Enhances national security by non-stockpile and recovered chemical destruction of 75 percent of the
Recapitalization eliminating U.S. chemical warfare warfare materiel. chemical agent stockpile since entry
materiel (CWM) and supporting CWM into force of the Chemical Weapons
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Convention
responses, while ensuring maximum
None
protection for the public, workers, and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the environment. PROGRAM STATUS 1QFY11: Complete final agent
4QFY09: Tooele Chemical Agent disposal campaign at Pine Bluff, AR
DESCRIPTION Disposal Facility becomes fourth 3QFY12: Complete final agent
The Chemical Materials Agency (CMA) chemical agent disposal facility disposal campaign at Anniston, AL;
mission is mandated by public law to achieve Star status in the Tooele, UT; and Umatilla, OR
and includes the design, construction, Occupational Safety and Health
systemization, operations, and closure Administrations Voluntary
of chemical agent disposal facilities Protection Program
in Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, 1QFY10: CMA announced the
Maryland, Oregon, Utah, and the destruction of the two millionth
Johnston Atoll in the South Pacific. munition since entry into force of the
Demilitarization operations have been Chemical Weapons Convention
completed in Indiana, Maryland, and 2QFY10: The Newport Chemical
the Johnston Atoll. Stockpile disposal Agent Disposal Facility Resource
at locations in Colorado and Kentucky Conservation and Recovery Act
is the responsibility of the Assembled permit is released, marking the
Chemical Weapons Alternatives completion of the facilitys mission
Program, which reports directly to the 3QFY10: The Non-Stockpile
Office of the Secretary of Defense. Chemical Material Project completed
destruction of all recovered chemical
CMA is also responsible for emergency warfare material stored at Pine
preparedness activities at the Bluff, AR
chemical weapons storage depots

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


61

Chemical Demilitarization

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
URS Corp. (Anniston, AL; Pine Bluff, AR;
Umatilla, OR; Tooele, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


62

CH-47 Chinook

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION pounds and a maximum gross weight PROGRAM STATUS
Supports a full spectrum of operations of 50,000 pounds. The CH-47F can lift 2QFY07: Complete initial
Recapitalization including disaster relief, homeland intra-theater payloads up to 16,000 operational testing
defense and security, and current pounds in high/hot environments. 4QFY07: First unit equipped
Maintenance
1QFY08: Multi-year procurement
overseas contingency operations with a
Max gross weight: 50,000 pounds contract award
Future Force system design. Max cruise speed: 160 knots
Troop capacity: 36 (33 troops plus 3 PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION crew members) FY13: Multi-year II contract award
The CH-47F is the Armys only Litter capacity: 24 4QFY19: CH-47F fielding complete
heavy-lift cargo helicopter, supporting Sling-load capacity: 26,000 pounds
combat operations and many other center hook, 17,000 pounds forward/
critical operations other than war. aft hook, 25,000 pounds tandem
The CH-47F aircraft has a suite Minimum crew: 3 (pilot, copilot, and
of improved features such as an flight engineer)
upgraded digital cockpit featuring
the Common Avionics Architecture SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
System (CAAS), a new monolithic In this Publication
airframe with vibration reduction and Advanced Threat Infrared
the Digital Automatic Flight Control Countermeasure/Common Missile
System (DAFCS) which provides Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS),
coupled (hands-off) controllability for Air Warrior (AW)
operations in adverse environments
(reduced visibility, brown out, high Other Major Interdependencies
winds). The CH-47Fs common ARC-231, BFT, CXP (APX-118), CXP
cockpit enables multiservice digital (APX-123), IDM, AMPS
compatibility and interoperability
for improved situational awareness,
mission performance, and survivability,
as well as future growth potential. The
CH-47F has an empty weight of 24,578

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


63

CH-47 Chinook

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia

CONTRACTORS
Aircraft and Recap:
Boeing (Philadelphia, PA)
Engine:
Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Software:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Engine Controls:
Goodrich (Danbury, CT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


64

Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION instructor/operators and training units is SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides collective training for infantry, the Mobile Theater After Action Review In this Publication
Recapitalization armor, mechanized infantry, cavalry (MTAAR). In FY11, CCTT will add a One Semi-Automated Force (OneSAF)
units, and their associated staffs, Dismounted Soldier (DS) capability, will provide a common SAF through SE
Maintenance
which will consist of immersive, Core in the future.
using manned module simulators
individual Soldier simulators to train
within a virtual, synthetic environment, both individual and collective tasks. Other Major Interdependencies
to improve readiness, provide more CCTT requires Synthetic Environment
realistic collective training, and support Soldiers use command and control Core (SE Core) to provide terrain
urgent training requirements. equipment to simulate the battle databases and virtual models.
direction of artillery, mortar, combat
DESCRIPTION engineers, and logistics units to support PROGRAM STATUS
The Close Combat Tactical Trainer the training mission. A Semi-Automated 1QFY10: Successfully fielded both
(CCTT) is a virtual, collective training Forces (SAF) workstation provides fixed and mobile CCTT RVS/RVTT to
simulator that is fully interoperable with supporting units (such as aviation and both CONUS and OCONUS locations
the Aviation Combined Arms Tactical air defense artillery) and all opposing 3QFY10: Successfully fielded an
Trainer (AVCATT). Crewed simulators, forces. All battlefield operating systems Afghanistan virtual terrain database
such as the Abrams Main Battle Tank, are represented, ensuring an effective to the USAREUR CCTT facility
the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, the High simulation of a combat environment
Mobility, Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle that encompasses daylight, night, and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(HMMWV), the Heavy Expanded fog conditions. CCTTs virtual terrain 1QFY11: Production and fielding of
Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT), and databases cover 100 by 150 kilometers, the RVTT to Ft. Sill, OK; Ft. Dix,
the M113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier 3.5 kilometers of active visual terrain, NJ; Ft. Lee, VA; Ft. Hood, TX; and
offer sufficient fidelity for collective and eight kilometers of extended range Ft.Campbell, KY
mission training. Modular components for M1A2 System Enhancement Program 23QFY11: Production and fielding
include the Reconfigurable Vehicle tank and M2A3 Bradley Fighting of the RVS/RVTT to Ft. Leonard
Simulator/Reconfigurable Vehicle Vehicle. CCTT supports training of both Wood, MO; Camp Shelby, MS;
Tactical Trainer (RVS/RVTT), which Active Army and Army National Guard Ft.Jackson, SC; and Camp Casey,
simulates the HMMWV, the Armored units at installations and posts in the Korea
Security Vehicle (ASV), and the HEMTT. U.S., Europe, Korea, and Southwest Asia.
An additional capability for CCTT

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


65

Close Combat Tactical Trainer


(CCTT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
RVS/RVTT:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Post Deployment Software Support
(PDSS):
Kaegan Corp. (Orlando, FL)
Visual System:
Rockwell Collins (Salt Lake City, UT)
Dedicated Computing (Waukesha, WI)
Manyear Equivalents:
Electronic Consulting Services, Inc.
(Fairfax, VA)
RVTT:
DRS Mobile Environmental (Cincinnati, OH)
Meggitt Training (Suwanee, GA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


66

Combat Service Support Communications (CSS Comms)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization commanders and logistics managers an terrestrial links that provide a highly 1QFY10Current: Provided 24-hour
interface device to support CSS doctrine effective, easy-to-use, transportable response to deploying units (48 VSATs)
Recapitalization for full spectrum operations. This SATCOM based solution to CSS nodes. in support of the Haiti Operation
capability supports a non-contiguous CSS SATCOM supports information Unified Response earthquake efforts
Maintenance
concentration of users and the transfer exchange up to the Sensitive Information 3QFY10: Fielded 100 percent of CAISI
of real-time information in both fixed and level, is rapidly deployable anywhere 2.0 and CSS VSAT USAR fielding
MISSION mobile operating environments. CAISI in the world, and is fully integrated authorization, ARNG 100 percent CSS
Provides a worldwide commercial allows deployed Soldiers to connect CSS into the Non-secure Internet Protocol VSAT fielded
satellite communications network, automation devices to a secure wireless Router Network (NIPRNET) segment of 3QFY10: Trained and equipped Army
network and electronically exchange the Global Information Grid (GIG). CSS units with a total of 21,661 CAISI and
engineering services, Integrated
information via tactical or commercial SATCOM eliminates the often-dangerous 3,220 CSS VSATs to date
Logistics Support, infrastructure,
communications. need for Soldiers to hand-deliver 4QFY10: CAISI 2.0 fieldings begin for
and portable remote terminal units requisitions via convoys in combat areas. U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) units
in support of Army Combat Service CAISI employs a deployable wireless based in Germany
Support (CSS) Logistics Management LAN infrastructure linking Standard SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Information Systems operating from Army Management Information System Other Major Interdependencies PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
garrison or while deployed. (STAMIS) computers in a seven CAISI, CSS SATCOM 2QFY092QFY11: Continue to field
square-kilometer area. It is certified in CAISI and CSS VSAT systems and
DESCRIPTION accordance with Federal Information PROGRAM STATUS train units in accordance with the
Combat Service Support Communications Processing Standards (FIPS) 140-2 4QFY09: CSS SATCOM supporting ARPL
(CSS Comms) includes the Combat Level 2-approved encryption for use with 2,400 systems on 16 networks with 2QFY092QFY11: Achieve pure fleet
Service Support Automated Information sensitive information. expanded coverage to Central Africa CAISI 2.0 by replacing remaining
Systems Interface (CAISI) and the and the Pacific Rim CAISI 1.1
Combat Service Support Satellite CSS SATCOM includes commercial off- 4QFY09: CSS SATCOM granted 1QFY11: Finalize CSS VSAT and
Communications (CSS SATCOM) system. the-shelf Ku-band auto-acquire satellite Authority to Operate (ATO) for two CAISI Technical Manuals and
CAISI allows current and emerging terminals, called Combat Service Support years distribute with newly fielded systems
battlefield CSS automation devices to Very Small Aperture Terminals (CSS 4QFY09: Completed reset/overhaul
electronically exchange information via VSATs), repackaged in fly-away transit operations of 171 CSS SATCOM
tactical networks. CAISI also interfaces cases, along with a contractor-operated systems from Operation Iraqi Freedom/
with other battlefield and sustaining base fixed infrastructure of four primary and Operation Enduring Freedom
automated systems. CAISI provides unit three COOP teleports and high-speed

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


67

Combat Service Support


Communications (CSS Comms)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Equipment:
Telos Corp. (Ashburn, VA)
LTI DataComm, Inc. (Reston, VA)
Juniper Networks (Herndon, VA)
L-3 Global Communications Solutions, Inc.
(Victor, NY)
Segovia Global IP Services (Herndon, VA)
Project support/training:
Systems Technologies (Systek), Inc.
(WestLong Branch, NJ)
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Tobyhanna, PA)
Software Engineering CenterBelvoir
(SEC-B) (Ft. Belvoir, VA)
U.S. Army Information Systems
Engineering Command (USAISEC)
(Ft. Huachuca, AZ)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ; Arlington, VA)
DISA Satellite Transmission Services
Global NETCOM (Ft. Huachuca, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


68

Command Post Systems and Integration (CPS&I)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization available information. Per the SICPS communications and information 1QFY09: Completed CPP-Light
Capabilities Production Document transport methods to achieve system requirements review/
Recapitalization (CPD), a family of Command Post information dominance. preliminary design review
Platforms (CPP) with standardized 3QFY09: Conducted CPP-Light
Maintenance
shelters, Command Center Systems SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES critical design review
(CCS), Command Post Communications In this Publication 3QFY09: Supported Joint Users
MISSION Systems (CPCS) and Trailer-Mounted None Interoperability Communications
Provides commanders standardized and Support Systems (TMSS), is currently Exercise 2009 (JUICE 2009) to
mobile command posts with a tactical, being fielded to the Armys Active Other Major Interdependencies evaluate emerging technologies in a
fully integrated, and digitized physical Component, National Guard and Army Warfighter Information Network- Joint operational environment
Reserve units. Tactical (WIN-T), Battle Command
infrastructure to execute Networked-
Common Services (BCCS) Server, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
enabled Mission Command (NeMC) and SICPS provides the integrated NeMC Distributed Common Ground Systems 14QFY11: Continue SICPS fielding
achieve information dominance. platform and infrastructure to allow (DCGS), Mobile Electric Power (MEP), and NET to 33 brigade level, or
shared situational understanding of Command Post of the Future (CPOF) higher, units in accordance with Unit
DESCRIPTION the COP based on the various Army Set Fielding schedule and support
The Command Post Systems and and Joint command and control, PROGRAM STATUS Reset of units returning from OIF
Integration (CPS&I) product communications, and network systems 3QFY074QFY10: Completed SICPS and OEF
office provides commanders with in the command post. Scalable and fielding and New Equipment Training 2QFY11: Conduct CPP-Light
standardized, mobile, and fully modular, SICPS supports echelons (NET) for 184 brigade level or developmental test
integrated command posts for the from battalion through Army Service higherunits 3QFY11: Conduct CPP-Light limited
modular expeditionary force, including Component Command providing 3QFY074QFY10: Continually user test
support for Future Force capabilities tactical flexibility to support all supported reset of all SICPS 4QFY11: Field increased SICPS
and Joint and coalition forces. The phases of operations. By integrating equipped units returning from capability to support the conversion
Standardized Integrated Command the tactical Internet with current and Operation Enduring Freedom/ of 1/1 AD HBCT to SBCT 8
Post System (SICPS)-based command future mission command capabilities, Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) 14QFY12: Continue SICPS fielding
post is where commanders and their command post operations are 3QFY08: Initiated first delivery and NET to 14 brigade level, or
staffs collaborate, plan, and execute revolutionized through a combination order for Trailer Mounted Support higher, units in accordance with Unit
NeMC, maintain situational awareness of state-of-the-art data processing, System (TMSS) Set Fielding schedule and support
using the Common Operational Picture Reset of units returning from OIF
(COP) and make decisions based on and OEF

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


69

Command Post Systems and


Integration (CPS&I)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Command Post Platform/NET:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
SICPS:
SETA (Huntsville, AL)
Materiel Fielding:
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Tobyhanna, PA)
Common Hardware Systems:
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Taunton, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


70

Common Hardware Systems (CHS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION miscellaneous hardware needed for PROGRAM STATUS
Provides state-of-the-art, fully qualified, system integration. CHS products can 2QFY08: Completed high-altitude
Recapitalization interoperable, compatible, deployable, be procured in four versions: version 1 electromagnetic pulse test
and survivable hardware for command, (non ruggedized), version 1+ (Moderate 4QFY08: Tactical Switching
Maintenance
ruggedization of v1), version2 Requirement-3 (TSR-3) contract
control, and communications at all
(ruggedized), and versions 3 (fully signed
echelons of command for the Army and rugged, MIL-SPEC Rugged Handheld 2QFY092QFY11: Continue CHS-3
other DoD services. Unit). hardware deliveries
2QFY09: (As Required) CHS
DESCRIPTION CHS also provides worldwide repair, Operation Enduring Freedom/
The Common Hardware Systems maintenance, logistics, and technical Operation Iraqi Freedom repair
(CHS) program is the command support through strategically facilities
and control enabler for Army located contractor-operated regional 3QFY09: Joint User Interoperability
Transformation, providing modularity, support centers (RSC) for tactical Communications Exercise
interoperability, and compatibility military units and management of a 4QFY09: Awarded Total Asset
to support implementation of net- comprehensive five-year warranty. Visibility contract
centricity. The CHS contract includes CHS hardware version 1 includes 3QFY10: CHS-4 Solicitation released
a technology insertion capability to commercial workstations, peripherals, to industry
continuously refresh the network- and networking products. Version 1+
centric architectural building blocks, is Version 1 hardware that is modified PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
add new technology, and prevent for better survivability in the field with 2QFY11: CHS-4 contract award
hardware obsolescence. New products a minimal increase in cost. Version2 2QFY16: CHS-5 contract award
compliant with technology advances includes ruggedized workstations,
such as Internet protocol version 6 peripherals, and networking products.
(IPv6) can be easily added to the Version 3 includes near-military
CHS offerings. CHS products include specification rugged handheld units.
a spectrum of computer processors
such as personal digital assistants SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
(PDAs), high-end tactical computers, None
networking equipment, peripherals,
displays, installation kits, and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


71

Common Hardware Systems (CHS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Colombia

CONTRACTORS
Engineering:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Oceanport, NJ)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Sensor Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)
Logistics, Ordering:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Oceanport, NJ)
Lab/Tech Support:
Northrop Grumman (Eatontown, NJ)
Consultant:
Sensor Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)

CHS Hardware WIN-T Transit Cases Antenna Interface Multi-processor Ethernet- Uninterruptible Power
Case(AIC) switched Combat Chassis Supply (UPS)

CHS hardware includes:


BCCS v3 Operational Transit Cases (OTCs) (Battle Laptops and Servers
Command Common Servicesversion 3) Routers, Switches, and Firewalls
Standalone Computer Unit (SCU-2) Network and Communications
Miltope TSC-v3-GM45 RLC (Rugged Laptop Displays (LCDs)
Computer) Army and USMC AFATDS configurations Peripherals
Antenna Interface Case (AIC) Tablets and Handheld
CISC-2 Servers Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) and Power
Multi processor Ethernet-switched Combat Converter/Conditioners (PCC)
Chassis5 Slice (MECC-5), 7 Slice (MECC-7) Storage/RAID
Modular Four-Slice Multiple Processor Unit (M4S
MPU-2)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


72

Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Potential enhancements include PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Enables Soldiers to acquire and engage integration of other weapons and Continue: Fielding and sustainment
Recapitalization targets while protected inside an escalation-of-force systems. of CROWS on Mine Resistant
armored vehicle. Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle,
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES MRAP All Terrain Vehicle (MATV),
DESCRIPTION In this Publication and Remotely Controlled Vehicle
The Common Remotely Operated Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons, (RCV) platforms, in theaters of
Weapon Station (CROWS) is a Small Caliber Ammunition operation under urgency
stabilized mount that contains a 12QFY11: Type classification
sensor suite and fire-control software, Other Major Interdependencies planned
allowing on-the-move target acquisition CROWS mounts the MK19, M2,
and first-burst target engagement. M240B, or M249 machine guns
Capable of target engagement under
day and night conditions, the CROWS PROGRAM STATUS
sensor suite includes a daytime video Current: Fielded over 2,000 CROWS
camera, thermal camera, and laser under urgent materiel release in
rangefinder. CROWS is designed to support of Operation Iraqi Freedom
mount on any tactical vehicle and and Operation Enduring Freedom
supports the MK19 Grenade Machine Current: CROWS is integrated on
Gun, .50 Caliber M2 Machine Gun, multiple types of platforms ranging
M240B Machine Gun, and M249 Squad from the High Mobility Multipurpose
Automatic Weapon. Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) to the
Abrams Tank
CROWS also features programmable Completed: Production verification
target reference points for multiple testing and initial operational test
locations, programmable sector and evaluation
surveillance scanning, automatic
target ballistic lead, automatic target
tracking, and programmable no-
firezones.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


73

Common Remotely Operated


Weapon Station (CROWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace
(Johnstown, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


74

Counter Defilade Target Engagement (CDTE)XM25

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION laser rangefinder, compass, fuze setter, PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the infantry Soldier with a ballistic computer, laserpointer and 3QFY08: Army Requirements
Recapitalization leap-ahead overmatch capability that illuminator, and aninternaldisplay. Oversight Council approved initial
will dramatically increase lethality capabilities document
Maintenance
The CDTE system reduces the reliance 3QFY08: Milestone A decision
and range with a family of 25mm
of small units on non-organic assets 4QFY083QFY09: Conducted
programmable airburst munitions. (mortars, artillery, and air support) government design verification/
and the need to compete for priority of safety tests
DESCRIPTION fires when time is critical. In addition 3QFY10: Entered Joint
The XM25 Counter Defilade Target to airbursting ammunition, a family Requirements Oversight Council
Engagement (CDTE) system enables of ammunition is being developed approval of its capabilities
the small unit and individual Soldier to to support other missions, which development document
engage defilade targets by providing a could include armor-piercing and
25mm airburst capability that can be nonlethalscenarios. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
used in all operational environments. 1QFY11: Enter engineering and
The CDTE is a direct-fire, semi- Caliber: 25mm manufacturing development phase
automatic, shoulder-fired, man-portable Weight: 1212.5 pounds 24QFY11: Conduct early user
weapon system. An individual Soldier Length: 29.5 inches assessment
employing basic rifle marksmanship
skills can effectively engage exposed SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
or defilade targets in just seconds. None

The system allows the warfighter to


quickly and accurately engage targets
by producing an adjusted aim point
based on range, environmental factors,
and user inputs. The target acquisition/
fire control integrates thermal
capability with direct view optics,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


75

Counter Defilade Target Engagement


(CDTE)XM25

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
Airburst Weapon:
H&K Gmbh (Oberdorf, Germany)
Target Acquisition/Fire Control:
L-3 Communications/Brashear
(Pittsburgh,PA)
Ammunition:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


76

Countermine

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Interrogation Arm provides SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides Soldiers and maneuver route clearance MMPVs the In this Publication
Recapitalization commanders with a full range capability for mechanical standoff Mine Protection Vehicle Family
of countermine capabilities, plus interrogation of suspected IEDs. (MPVF)
Maintenance
The AN/PSS-14 Mine Detecting
immediate solutions to counter
Set is a handheld multi-sensor Other Major Interdependencies
improvised explosive devices (IEDs) minedetector. AMDS, ASTAMIDS, GSTAMIDS,
and other explosive hazards allowing The Area Mine Clearance System HMDS
the maneuver commander to achieve (AMCS) is a flail system that
assured mobility on the battlefield. destroys all types of landmines. PROGRAM STATUS
The Autonomous Mine Detection Current: AN/VSS-6 HMDS,
DESCRIPTION System (AMDS) will detect, mark, VOSS, and IED Interrogation Arm
The Countermine product line and neutralize hazards from a small, production and fielding continues
comprises several different systems: robotic platform. in support of overseas contingency
The AN/VSS-6 Husky Mounted The EOD equipment product line operations
Detection System (HMDS) is provides capabilities such as the Current: AN/PSS-14 and MTRS
a ground-penetrating radar that Man-Transportable Robotic full-rate production and Army-wide
upgrades the Vehicle Mounted Mine System (MTRS) and dual-use fielding continues through FY15
Detection (Husky) platform with the blasting machines.
capability to detect and mark buried, The Airborne Surveillance, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
low metal and metallic-cased IEDs Target Acquisition, and Minefield 1QFY11: AMDS Milestone B
and anti-tank landmines. Detection System (ASTAMIDS) 3QFY11: AMCS full-rate production
The Vehicle Optics Sensor System is a small, multi-spectral sensor decision
(VOSS) is a multi-sensor camera payload on aerial platforms.
system that allows route clearance The Ground Standoff Mine
and explosive ordnance disposal Detection System (GSTAMIDS)
(EOD) Medium Mine Protected provides mine detection,
Vehicles (MMPV) the capability for marking, and neutralization for
on-the-move detection of IEDs. maneuverforces.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


77

Countermine

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


IED Interrogation Arm:
Netherlands
VOSS:
Canada

CONTRACTORS
AN/PSS-14:
L-3 CyTerra Corp. (Waltham, MA;
Orlando,FL)
ASTAMIDS:
Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems
(Melbourne, FL)
GSTAMIDS:
BAE Systems (Austin, TX)
VOSS:
Lockheed Martin Gyrocam Systems LLC
(Sarasota, FL)
IED Interrogation Arm:
FASCAN International (Baltimore, MD)
HMDS:
NIITEK (Sterling, VA)
AMCS:
A/S Hydrema (Denmark)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


78

Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SENSE; Landbased Phalanx Weapon PROGRAM STATUS
Integrates multiple Army- and DoD- System for INTERCEPT; and Wireless 4QFY04: C-RAM ONS validated
Recapitalization managed systems and commercial off- Audio/Visual Emergency System and a 2QFY053QFY05: C-RAM
the-shelf systems with a command and wireless LAN for WARN. RESPONSE is Validation Test
Maintenance
provided thru C-RAM integration with 2QFY051QFY08: C-RAM SENSE
control system to provide protection of
Army/USMC battle command systems and WARN fielded
fixed and semi-fixed sites from rockets and the USAF Tactical Automated 3QFY052QFY07: C-RAM
and mortar rounds. Security System. INTERCEPT fielded
4QFY10: Increment 1 CPD
DESCRIPTION Using this system-of-systems approach, validation
The Counter-Rocket, Artillery, and C-RAM completed development, Current: Sustainment
Mortar (C-RAM) system was developed integration, and testing in April 2005,
in response to a Multi-National Force- meeting the requirements of the ONS. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Iraq Operational Needs Statement The C-RAM systems was fielded five 1QFY12: Increment 1 low-rate initial
(ONS) that was validated in September months after initial funding and just production
2004. An innovative system-of- eight months after ONS validation.
systems approach was implemented
in which multiple DoD Program of In transition to a Program of Record,
Record systems were integrated the C-RAM WARN capability will be
with two commercial-off-the-shelf fielded to all Army Brigade Combat
(COTS) items to provide seven C-RAM Teams as Increment 1 of the Indirect
functions: SENSE, WARN, RESPOND, Fire Protection Capability (IFPC).
INTERCEPT, Command and Control
(C2), SHAPE, and PROTECT. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
In this Publication
C-RAM component systems are: Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
Forward Area Air Defense Command System (AFATDS), FAAD C2, Sentinel
and Control (FAAD C2) system and
Air and Missile Defense Workstation Other Major Interdependencies
for C2; Lightweight Counter Mortar Army and Marine Corps Battle
Radar and Firefinder Radars for Command Systems, Sentinel Radar

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


79

Counter-Rocket, Artillery and


Mortar (C-RAM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Hardware/Integration/Fielding/CLS:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Land-Based Phalanx Weapons System:
Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson, AZ)
Software Development/Maintenance:
Northrop Grumman (Redondo Beach, CA)
Common Hardware, Software:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
Shelters & Training:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


80

Defense Enterprise Wideband SATCOM System (DEWSS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization terminals, baseband systems, and 3QFY09: KaSTARS completed four PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
payload and network control systems terminal installations (Landstuhl, Major Digital Communications
Recapitalization required to support warfighter use of Germany; Camp Roberts, CA; and Satellite Subsystem (DCSS)
the high-capacity Wideband Global two at Lago DiPatria, Italy) technology refresh/modernization
Maintenance
SATCOM (WGS) satellite constellation, 3Q4QFY09: KaSTARS support to to coincide with MET terminal
which DoD began launching in WGS-2 launch installations
MISSION October 2007. DEWSS capabilities 4QFY09: Wideband Global SATCOM 1QFY11: Complete installation and
Provides combatant commanders, include super high frequency (SHF), KaSTARS terminal performance checkout of Wahiawa, HI starter kit
deployed warfighters, and senior beyond-line-of-sight communications; certification awarded 2QFY11: Wideband Power Control
leadership with secure, high-capacity tactical reachback via DoD Teleport 4QFY09: DSCS Integrated Management System (WPCMS)
and Standardized Tactical Entry Management System (DIMS) contract award
satellite connectivity enabling
Point (STEP) sites; survivable version5.2 materiel release 3QFY11: Worldwide EBEM fielding
reachback for voice, video, and data communications for critical nuclear 4QFY09: Common Network complete
communications and transfer of command and control; and an anti-jam, Planning Software (CNPS) 4QFY11: Replacement PTF
intelligence information. High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse version2.1 materiel release production complete
(HEMP) hardened, anti-scintillation 1QFY10: MET Preliminary 1QFY12: MET first article test/
DESCRIPTION capability for key strategic forces. Implementation Review (IPR) acceptance
The Defense Enterprise Wideband 2QFY10: Critical Implementation
SATCOM System (DEWSS) provides SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Review (CIR)
strategic Army and DoD satellite None 2QFY10: Provide Internet protocol
communications (SATCOM) capability to EBEM
infrastructure, enabling National PROGRAM STATUS 2QFY10: USC-28 completed modem
and Senior Leader communications, 3QFY09: Modernization of refurbishment (Wahiawa,HI)
JCS-validated command, control, Enterprise Terminals (MET) 3QFY10: CNPS version 3.2 critical
communications, and intelligence contract awarded design review
(C3I) requirements, tactical reachback 3QFY09: 350 Enhanced Bandwidth 3QFY10: Replacement Patch and
to sustaining base for deployed Efficient Modems (EBEM) fielded Test Facility (RPTF) production
warfighters, and transport for critical worldwide, with Automatic Uplink contract award
intelligence information transfer to Power Control (AUPC)
deployed forces worldwide. DEWSS is
modernizing the enterprise satellite

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


81

Defense Enterprise Wideband


SATCOM System (DEWSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory (Laurel, MD)
Northrop Grumman (Winter Park, FL)
ITT (Colorado Springs, CO)
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


82

Distributed Common Ground SystemArmy (DCGS-A)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and combined arms combat power to discover and use all relevant threat, 3QFY09: Begin worldwide fielding
see first, understand first, act first, and noncombatant, weather, and geospatial of v3.1; v3.1 displaces All Source
Recapitalization finish decisively. data and evaluate technical data and Analysis SystemLight (ASAS-L)
information on behalf of a commander; 4QFY09: DCGS-A Mobile Basic
Maintenance
While DCGS-A consolidates and and DCGS-A provides organizational (MB) design update review
replaces nine current-force family elements the ability to control select 4QFY09: DCGS-A was a key
MISSION of systems, its core functions sensor platforms/payloads and process system in JFCOM Lead Empire
Provides timely, multi-intelligence battle remain receipt and processing of the collected data. Challenge 2009, which demonstrated
management and targeting information select ISR sensor data, control technology enhancements in
to field commanders at all echelons, of select Army sensor systems, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES collection and sharing of real-time
intelligence synchronization, ISR In this Publication ISR data
improves data access, and reduces the
planning, reconnaissance and Enhanced Medium Altitude 1QFY10: DCGS-A v3.1 transition to
forward footprint. surveillance integration, fusion of Reconnaissance and Surveillance post-production software support
sensor information, and direction System (EMARSS) 4QFY10: JFCOM Lead Empire
DESCRIPTION and distribution of relevant Challenge 2010, demonstration of
Distributed Common Ground threat, nonaligned, friendly, and Other Major Interdependencies Joint Interoperability and Netcentric
SystemArmy (DCGS-A) provides an environmental (weather and Battle Command System (BCS)Army, Operations
integrated intelligence, surveillance, geospatial) information. The DCGS-A DCGS Family of Systems (services),
and reconnaissance (ISR) ground system improves data access, reduces Global Information Grid (GIG), Long PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
processing system, operating in a the forward footprint, and increases Endurance Multi-intelligence Vehicle 1QFY11: DCGS-A MB maintenance
secure, distributed and collaborative interoperability in fixed, mobile, and (LEMV), Network Enabled Command demonstration
environment, enabled by net-centric embedded configurations. Capability (NECC) 1QFY11: DCGS-A MB logistics
environments. DCGS-A will serve demonstration
as the primary Army ISR ground DCGS-A will support three primary PROGRAM STATUS 1QFY11: DCGS-A MB FCA/PCA
processing for Joint and National roles: as an analyst tool set, DCGS-A 1QFY09: Version 3.1 (v3.1) Joint 3QFY11: DCGS-A MB LUT
airborne, spaceborne, and ground enables the user to collaborate, certification received from JITC 1QFY12: DCGS-A MB MS C/LRIP
sensor platforms. This system enables synchronize, and integrate organic and 1QFY09: v3.1 limited user test
the commander to achieve situational non-organic direct and general-support (LUT) was completed
understanding by leveraging multiple collection elements with operations; 2QFY09: Field DCGS-A v3.1 to
sources of data, information, and as the ISR component of the Army Operation Iraqi Freedom and
intelligence, and to synchronize Joint Battle Command, DCGS-A can Operation Enduring Freedom

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment
System Development & Demonstration Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


83

Distributed Common Ground


SystemArmy (DCGS-A)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Mobile Basic Prime Contractor for
System Integration and Design:
Northrop Grumman (Linthicum, MD)
Software Engineering:
Azimuth Inc. (Morgantown, WV)
All Source Integration:
Lockheed Martin (Denver, CO)
GMTI Integration:
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Program Support:
CACI (Tinton Falls, NJ)
Engineering Support:
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Battle Command Integration and
Interoperability:
OverWatch Systems (Austin, TX)
Program Support, System Engineering
& Architecture:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
DCGS Integrated Backbone (DIB):
Raytheon (Garland, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


84

Distributed Learning System (DLS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Globally located Digital Training Requirements and Resources System
Acquires, deploys, and maintains a Facilities (DTFs) capable of (ATRRS) as the system of record for
Recapitalization worldwide, distributed learning system delivering multimedia courseware Army training.
to ensure Soldiers receive critical for individual or group training via
Maintenance
computer or Video Tele-Training PROGRAM STATUS
training for mission success.
(VTT) 2QFY044QFY10: Sustained a
DESCRIPTION Enterprise management of the centrally managed global training
The Distributed Learning System DLS infrastructure, with customer enterprise; electronically delivered
(DLS) provides a worldwide support for training applications. training in military occupational
information technology infrastructure The Army Learning Management specialties and self-development;
that innovatively combines hardware, System (ALMS), for web-based supported migration of courseware
software and telecommunications delivery of multimedia training, and to ALMS, began fielding DDTC;
resources with training facilities streamlined, automated training increased Army e-Learning and
and web-based applications to management functions Rosetta Stone (foreign language
electronically deliver course content Deployed Digital Training Campuses training) enrollments
for training of Soldiers and Department (DDTC) to deliver multimedia
of the Army (DA) Civilians anytime, courseware to deployed Soldiers PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
anywhere. DLS leverages technology to 2QFY11: Upgrade ALMS to Saba 5.5
increase training efficiencies, increase SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES software
individual and unit readiness, support In this Publication 4QFY11: Complete fielding of 14
Soldiers career advancement and General Fund Enterprise Business DDTCs
improve their quality of life. Systems (GFEBS) 1QFY114QFY21: Continue to
sustain all fielded DLS training
DLS provides to the user: Other Major Interdependencies capabilities; continue to produce and
Access to Army e-Learning, Army Knowledge Online is used for deploy a total of 50 DDTCs
web-based training, consisting identification and authorization and
of more than 5,400 commercial to gain access to the ALMS. Student
business, information technology, training results are transmitted via
and 32 Rosetta Stone foreign the ALMS to the Army Training
languagecourses

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


85

Distributed Learning System (DLS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Army Learning Management System
(ALMS):
IBM (Fairfax, VA)
DTF Management:
N-Link Corp (Bremerton, WA)
Language Training:
Rosetta Stone (Harrisonburg, VA)
Enterprise Management Services:
IBM (Fairfax, VA)
Army e-Learning:
Skillsoft Corp. (Nashua, NH)
Deployed Digital Training Campus:
Lockheed Martin (Alexandria, VA)
Program Management Support
Services:
MPRI, an L-3 Company (Alexandria, VA)
VTT Communications Support:
Sprint Communications Co. (Reston, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


86

Dry Support Bridge (DSB)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION DSB modular structure allows launch PROGRAM STATUS
Supports military load classification and retrieval from either end without a 1QFY09: Fielded to 35th Engineer
Recapitalization 100 (wheeled)/80 (tracked) vehicles dedicated or special training area and Company
over 40-meter gaps via a modular can be placed directly over pavement 1QFY09: Fielded to 739th MRBC
Maintenance
to reinforce damaged sections, bridges, 3QFY10: Fielded to 1438th MRBC
militarybridge.
or spans. Air transport for the DSB 4QFY10: Fielded to 957th MRBC
DESCRIPTION system is accomplished by C-130 if
The Dry Support Bridge (DSB) is divided (bridge: one flat-rack per a/c; PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
a mobile, rapidly erected, modular launcher vehicle: split into 3 loads, five 1QFY11: Fielding to 1041st MRBC
military bridge system. DSB is fielded hours work), or by C-17 and C-5 intact. 2QFY11: Fielding to 50th MRBC
to Multi-Role Bridge Companies 2QFY11: Durability Testing
(MRBCs) and requires a crew of eight SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES completed on 46M DSB
Soldiers to deploy a 40-meter bridge Other Major Interdependencies 3QFY11: Fielding to 189th MRBC
in fewer than 90 minutes (daytime). DSB operations rely and are
DSB sections have a 4.3-meter road interdependent upon fully mission-
width and can span a 40-meter gap capable M1977 CBTs and M1076 PLS
or two 20-meter gaps at military load trailer assets within a fully MTOE-
classification (MLC) 100 (wheeled)/ equipped MRBC.
80 (tracked) normal crossing and
MLC 110 (W) caution crossing. The
system includes a DSB bridge, a
launcher mounted on a dedicated
Palletized Load System (PLS) chassis
that deploys the modular bridge
sections, and seven M1077 Flatracks
to transport the bridge sections. The
bridge modules are palletized onto
seven flat racks and transported by
equipment organic to the MRBC. DSB
is designed to replace the M3 Medium
Girder Bridge.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


87

Dry Support Bridge (DSB)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Manufacturer:
Williams Fairey Engineering, Ltd.
(Stockport, United Kingdom)
PLS Chassis:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


88

Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT)


Capabilities IBCT Increment 1
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization proven solutions, these packages will and lethality through the use of will be delivered to the Armys IBCTs
upgrade our units every few years. unattended and attended sensors in increasing capability increments.
Recapitalization These bundles of capabilities include and munitions. Second, it provides a The first increment is currently
doctrine, organization and training in communications network backbone for finishing software development and
Maintenance
conjunction with materiel to fill the Battalion Command Networks. demonstration (SDD) and operational
highest priority shortfalls and mitigate testing and will be delivered to IBCTs
MISSION risk for Soldiers. The incremental The E-IBCT package will consist of the in the form of NIKs.
Fields fully integrated and tested deliveries will build upon one another following systems: Urban and Tactical
Capability Packages composed of as the Army continually adapts and Unattended Ground Sensors (U/T UGS), The Network Integration Kit (NIK)
vehicles, network elements, equipment, modernizes. Class 1 (Block 0) Unmanned Aerial
Vehicle (UAV), and Small Unmanned
and supporting infrastructure
Increment 1 forms the backbone of Ground Vehicle (SUGV) Block 1. The
to modernize BCTs to achieve the first Capability Package, which E-IBCT systems will be fully integrated
unprecedented Joint combat capability also contains Advanced Precision and networked through a Network
in conjunction with the Army Force Mortar, Nett Warrior (NW) and Integration Kit (NIK) enabling data
Generation (ARFORGEN) process. Human Terrain Teams. The current sharing and the command and control
modernization strategy will deliver (C2) of systems. All systems are
Increment 1 Early Infantry Brigade Increment 1 capability to nine IBCTs currently under evaluation and testing
Combat Team (E-IBCT) Capabilities starting in 2011. Remaining BCTs by the Soldiers of the Army Evaluation
Capability Packages are a key element will receive incremental releases of Task Force. The NIK is an integrated suite of
of the Armys BCT Modernization upgraded capabilities. ARFORGEN equipment, currently integrated on
strategy and they provide the Army will determine if and when Increment The Increment 1 Tactical Network Mine Resistant Ambush Protected
a regular process to strengthen our 1 BCTs will be upgraded to a post- The Army will continue development (MRAP) Vehicle and HMMWV
units with the latest materiel and Increment 1 configuration based upon and fielding of an incremental platforms, that provides the network
nonmateriel solutions to meet the warfighting requirements. ground tactical network capability. connectivity and battle command
evolving challenges of the operating This network is a layered system software to integrate and fuse sensor
environment. This allows the Army to Increment 1 provides enhanced of interconnected computers and data into the common operational
get the capabilities in highest demand warfighter capabilities in two primary software, radios and sensors within picture (COP) displayed on the Force
to the Soldiers that need them, when areas. First, it provides enhanced the BCT. The network is essential to XXI Battle Command Brigade and
they need them most. Accelerating situation awareness, force protection, enable Unified Battle Command and Below (FBCB2). The NIK consists of an

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


89

integrated computer system (ICS) that The Common Controller will is less than 51 pounds and is back- early warning to the lowest echelons of
hosts the Battle Command software communicate via the network in Spiral packable in two custom Modular the BCT in environments not suited to
and the Systems of Systems Common 2/3/4, simplifying training, and will Lightweight Load-Carrying Equipment larger assets.
Operating Environment (SOSCOE) perform selected training, logistics/ (MOLLE)-type carriers.
software, along with a Joint Tactical maintenance, medical and other Soldier
Radio System Ground Mobile Radios functions. The Class I UAV provides imagery
(JTRS GMR) to provide the interface to data in order to recognize personnel
the sensors and unmanned systems, as and provide targeting information
well as voice and data communications to the BCT Modernization network
with other vehicles and Soldiers. during day and night operations and
in adverse weather conditions from
Soldiers will be able to communicate as high as 1,000 feet above ground
with the battalion Tactical Operation level. The Army has incorporated an
Center (TOC), by sending reports on expedited Class I into IBCT Increment
enemy sighting, activity and location 1 to provide additional ISR capability The Class I system provides a
utilizing the NIK via the network, to the Soldier starting in 2011. The hover and stare capability that is
allowing for near real-time tactical Class I UAV Increment1 capability not currently available in the Army
decisions. will consist of a 25-pound vehicle with UAV inventory for urban and route
a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) surveillance. The Class I system
Common Controller (CC) electro-optical (EO) sensor and a COTS also fills known gaps that exist in
The Common Controller (CC) serves as infrared (IR) sensor and a gasoline- force operations, such as: Protect
a single common networked controller based propulsion system. Force in Counterinsurgency (COIN)
that connects Soldiers with many Operations, Soldier Protection in COIN
different IBCT unmanned systems, The air vehicle operates in open, environment, Ability to Conduct Joint
including the Class 1 Unmanned rolling, complex, and urban terrains Urban Operations, Enhanced ISR/
Aircraft System (UAS), the Armed with a vertical take-off and landing RSTA Capabilities, hover and stare
Robotic VehicleAssaultLight capability. It is interoperable with operations.
(ARV-A-L), the Small Unmanned XM156 Class I Block 0 Unmanned select ground and air platforms and
Ground Vehicle (SUGV) and Urban Aerial Vehicle (UAV) controlled by mounted or dismounted XM1216 Small Unmanned Ground
Unattended Ground Sensors (U-UGS). The XM156 Class I Block 0 UAV is Soldiers. The Class I uses autonomous Vehicle (SUGV)
The CC reduces the logistics footprint a platoon level asset that provides flight and navigation, but it will The XM1216 SUGV is a lightweight,
on the battlefield and empowers the the dismounted Soldier with interact with the network and the Soldier portable UGV capable of
Soldier with enhanced Intelligence, Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Soldier to dynamically update routes conducting Military Operations in
Surveillance and Reconnaissance Target Acquisition (RSTA) and laser and target information. It provides Urban Terrain (MOUT), tunnels,
(ISR) capability. designation. Total system weight, dedicated reconnaissance support and sewers, and caves. The SUGV
which includes the air vehicle, a control provides an unmanned capability for
device, and ground support equipment those missions that are manpower

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


90

intensive or high-risk such as urban AN/GSR-9/10 Tactical/Urban employed by Soldiers or robotic vehicles PROGRAM STATUS
ISR missions and Chemical/Toxic Unattended Ground Sensors either inside or outside buildings and FY09: Integration work has
Materials reconnaissance missions (T/UUGS) structures. addressed 100 percent of reliability
without exposing Soldiers directly to The UGS program is divided into two fixes as a result of 2009 limited user
the hazards. major subgroups of sensing systems: test (LUT). Additional capability
AN/GSR-9 (V) 1 Tactical-UGS enhancements to the network, radio
The SUGVs modular design allows (T-UGS), which includes ISRUGS and systems and hardware have also
multiple payloads to be integrated Radiological and Nuclear UGS; and AN/ been made.
in a plug-and-play fashion that will GSR-10 (V) 1 Urban-UGS (U-UGS), also FY1011: Increment 1/JTRS
minimize the Soldiers exposure to known as Urban (MOUT) Advanced development and integration work
hazards. Payloads to be fielded are the Sensor System (UMASS). continues to support 2010 and 2011
manipulator arm, tether capability, evaluation activities.
chemical/radiation detection and a The UGS are used to perform mission 4QFY101QFY11: The Army is
laser target designator. Weighing tasks such as perimeter defense, in year three of a four year test/
32 pounds, the SUGV is capable of surveillance, target acquisition and U-UGS support BCT operations by evaluation process for Increment
carrying up to four pounds of payload. situational awareness, including monitoring urban choke points such 1. Increment 1 has successfully
radiological, nuclear, and early warning. as corridors and stairwells as well as passed Critical Design Review,
An UGS field will include multi-mode sewers, culverts, and tunnels. U-UGS Preliminary Design Review, and
sensors for target detection, location gateways provide the urban situational the technologies have been certified
and classification, and an imaging awareness data interfaced to JTRS as mature enough for low-rate
capability for target identification. The networks. Soldiers involved in the initial production (LRIP). The final
sensor field also includes a gateway node recent testing of the UGS provided Increment 1 LUT is scheduled to take
to provide sensor fusion and a long-haul invaluable feedback, which was place in September 2010 leading into
interoperable communications capability incorporated into new versions (form a Defense Acquisition Board Review
for transmitting target or situational factors) that are now in testing. to authorize additional LRIP in
awareness information to a remote December 2010.
operator, or the common operating SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The SUGV Increment 1 capability will picture through the JTRS Network. JTRS GMR; JTRS Handheld, Manpack, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
feature an enhanced SUGV chassis Small Form Fit (JTRS HMS); NW, FY11: Fielding to 3rd Infantry
with an integrated COTS sensor head The U-UGS provide network-enabled FBCB2; Warfighter Information Network Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored
and radio. reporting system for situational Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 2; WIN-T Division in 2011; 3-1 AD will conduct
awareness and force protection in Increment 1 initial operational test and evaluation
an urban setting. U-UGS also enable in late FY11.
residual protection for cleared areas of
MOUT environments. They are hand-

UNITED STATES ARMY


91

Early Infantry Brigade Combat


Team (E-IBCT) Capabilities IBCT
Increment 1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Boeing (Chicago, IL)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (McLean, VA)
Network Integration Kit:
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Bloomington, MN)
Overwatch Systems (Austin, TX)
BAE Systems C4 (Wayne, NJ)
IBM (Bethesda, MD)
Raytheon Company (Ft. Wayne, IN)
XM156 Class I Unmanned Aerial
Vehicle:
Honeywell (Albuquerque, NM)
AN/GSR 9 & AN/GSR 10 Unattended
Ground Sensors:
Textron Defense Systems
(Wilmington,MA)
XM1216 Small Unmanned Ground
Vehicle:
iRobot (Burlington, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


92

Enhanced Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance


System (EMARSS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION motion video (FMV) sensor, a COMINT SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides global, real-time, multi- collection system, an aerial precision Distributed Common Ground System
Recapitalization intelligence precision targeting geolocation system, line-of-site (LOS) Army (DCGS-A)
information to Joint land, maritime, and tactical and beyond-line-of-site (LOS/
Maintenance
BLOS) communications suites, two PROGRAM STATUS
air combat commanders across the full
operator workstations, and self- 1QFY10: Directed requirement
spectrum of military operations. protection suite integrated onto a approved by the Headquarters
Beechcraft King Air 350ER platform. Department of the Army G-3/5/7
DESCRIPTION 3QFY10: Release of the engineering
Enhanced Medium Altitude EMARSS will operate as a single and manufacturing development
Reconnaissance and Surveillance platform in support of tactical (EMD) request for proposal
System (EMARSS) is the Armys missions. Mission altitude and flight 4QFY10: EMD contract award
future force airborne intelligence tracks are chosen to optimize sensor
collection, processing, and targeting data collection on the target area of PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
support system. This manned multi- interest while avoiding known threats. 23QFY11: Joint Requirements
INT Airborne Intelligence Surveillance Flight tracks may be selected to strike Oversight Council consideration of
and Reconnaissance (AISR) system a balance among the capabilities the CPD
provides a persistent capability to of multiple sensors, or to optimize FY11: EMD phase
detect, locate, classify/identify, and collection from individual sensors
track surface targets in day/night, in based upon the daily collection tasking
near-all-weather conditions, with a dictated by the tactical commanders
high degree of timeliness and accuracy. priority intelligence requirements
(PIRs). EMARSS will provide efficient
EMARSS aircraft will be located response to Combat Forces ISR
within Aerial Exploitation Battalions tasking with centralized processing,
(AEB), which are assigned to the exploitation, and dissemination
U.S. Army Intelligence and Security (PED) of ISR while simultaneously
Command (INSCOM). The EMARSS transmitting critical FMV and
system will consist of commercial intelligence products to engaged
derivative aircraft equipped with tactical forces.
electro-optic/infrared (EO/IR) full-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


93

Enhanced Medium Altitude


Reconnaissance and Surveillance
System (EMARSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Engineering Support:
CACI (Tinton Falls, NJ)
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)
Engineering/Program Management:
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Aircraft Engineering:
CAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Huntsville, AL)
Information Assurance:
Sensor Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)
Program Support:
CACI (Arlington, VA)
Software Engineering Support:
Lockheed Martin (Tinton Falls, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


94

Excalibur (XM982)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The program is using an incremental SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides improved fire support to the approach to provide a combat capability In this Publication
Recapitalization maneuver force commander through to the Soldier as quickly as possible, Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
a precision-guided, extended-range, and to deliver advanced capabilities System (AFATDS), LW155, Paladin/
Maintenance
and lower costs as technology matures. Field Artillery Ammunition Support
artillery projectile that increases
The initial variant (Increment Ia-1) Vehicle (FAASV)
lethality and reduces collateral damage. includes a unitary high-explosive
warhead capable of penetrating urban Other Major Interdependencies
DESCRIPTION structures and is also effective against EPIAFS, Modular Artillery Charge
Excalibur (XM982) is a 155mm, Global personnel and light materiel targets. System
Positioning System (GPS)-guided, Increment Ia-2 will provide increased
extended-range artillery projectile, range (up to 40 kilometers) and PROGRAM STATUS
in use as the Armys next-generation reliability improvements. The third Current: Increment Ia-1 fielded to
cannon artillery precision munition. variant (Increment Ib) will maintain Iraq and Afghanistan; Army and
The target, platform location, and performance and capabilities while Marine Corps units in Afghanistan
GPS-specific data are entered into the significantly reducing unit cost and and Iraq are Excalibur capable
projectiles mission computer through increasing reliability. FY10: Completed initial operational
an enhanced, portable, auto-inductive test and evaluation for Increment Ia-2
artillery fuze setter (EPIAFS). Excalibur is designed for fielding to the FY10: Conducted competitive shoot-
Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW155), off to downselect between Increment
Excalibur uses a jam-resistant internal the 155mm M109A6 self-propelled Ib competitors to one contractor
GPS receiver to update the inertial howitzer (Paladin), and the Swedish team for Phase 2
navigation system, providing precision Archer howitzer. Excalibur is an
in-flight guidance and dramatically international cooperative program with PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
improving accuracy regardless of Sweden, which contributes resources FY11: Full-rate production of
range. Excalibur has three fuze toward the development in accordance Increment Ia-2
options: height-of-burst, point- with an established project agreement FY12: Milestone C decision for Ib
detonating, and delay/penetration; and and plans to join in procurement. FY13: Operational assessment for
is employable in all weather conditions Increment Ib
and terrain. FY14: Full materiel release for
Increment Ib

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


95

Excalibur (XM982)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Canada, Sweden, United
Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Excalibur Increment Ia:
Raytheon (Systems Integration)
(Tucson,AZ)
Atlantic Inertial Units (Plymouth, England)
BAE Systems Bofors Defense (teamed
with Raytheon) (Karlskoga, Sweden)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Healdsburg, CA; Niceville, FL)
Increment Ib Phase 1 (Design
Maturation):
Alliant Techsystems (Minneapolis,MN)
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


96

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) vehicle data bus and class V interactive Other Major Interdependencies
has a 5-ton capacity (cargo, long- electronic technical manual, AGSE, CBDP-CP, EQ-36, HMMWV
Recapitalization wheelbase-cargo with and without significantly lowering operating and Replacement Interchange, LMS-788
materiel handling equipment, tractor, support costs compared with older Ops Shelter and Sensor Pallet, Other
Maintenance
van, wrecker, 8.8-ton Load Handling trucks. Units are equipped with FMTVs Interchange, P/M CAP, USAF AN/TPS-
System (LHS), 8.8-ton LHS trailer, at more than 68 locations worldwide; 75 Radar
MISSION and 10-ton dump truck models). Three 45,429 trucks and 10,396 trailers are
Provides unit mobility/resupply, truck variants and two companion in field units as of June 2010. The Army PROGRAM STATUS
equipment/personnel transportation, trailers, with the same cube and developed, tested, and installed add- 4QFY10: Government testing of new
and key ammunition distribution, payload capacity as their prime movers, on-armor and enhanced add-on-armor Oshkosh FMTV
provide air drop capability. MTV also kits, and a Low Signature Armored
using a family of vehicles based on a
serves as the platform for the High Cab (LSAC) for Southwest Asia. The PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
commonchassis. Mobility Artillery Rocket System newest armored version, the Long- Ongoing: Continue full production
(HIMARS) and resupply vehicle term Armor Strategy (LTAS) A-Cabs and fielding to support Army
DESCRIPTION for PATRIOT and HIMARS. MTV are integral to new production and transformation
The Family of Medium Tactical operates worldwide in all weather and are being fielded. The LTAS B-kit is 1QFY11: Complete government
Vehicles (FMTV) is a system of terrainconditions. available. Approximately 6,000 FMTVs testing to include live fire testing
strategically deployable vehicles that have been armored in Southwest Asia 1QFY11: Oshkosh FMTV deliveries
performs general resupply, ammunition FMTV enhances crew survivability in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom begin
resupply, maintenance and recovery, through the use of hard cabs, three- and Operation Enduring Freedom. 3QFY11: Last deliveries of FMTVs
engineer support missions, and point seat belts, automatic braking
serves as weapon systems platforms system, and central tire inflation SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
for combat, combat support, and capability. FMTV enhances tactical In this Publication
combat service support units in a mobility and is strategically deployable Chemical Biological Protective Shelter
tacticalenvironment. in C5, C17, and C130 aircraft. It (CBPS), HIMARS, Surface Launched
reduces the Armys logistical footprint Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air
The Light Medium Tactical Vehicle by providing commonality of parts and Missile (SLAMRAAM)
(LMTV) has a 2.5-ton capacity (cargo, components, reduced maintenance
van, and chassis models) and has a downtime, high reliability, and high
companion trailer. operational readiness rate (more than
90 percent). FMTV incorporates a

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


97

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles


(FMTV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan, Canada, Djibouti, Greece,
Iraq, Jordan, Macedonia, Saudi Arabia,
Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Axles:
Meritor (Troy, MI)
Transmission:
Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Engine:
Caterpillar (Greenville, SC)

LMTV A1 Cargo MTV A1 Cargo


Payload: 5,000 pounds 10,000 pounds
Towed load: 12,000 pounds 21,000 pounds
Caterpillar Caterpillar
Engine:
6-cylinder diesel 6-cylinder diesel
Transmission: Allison Transmission
Automatic
Allison Transmission
Automatic
Horsepower: 275 330
Drive: 4 x 4 6x6
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011
98

Fixed Wing

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION commercial transportation. Special and are classified as senior support
Performs operational support and electronic-mission aircraft provide aircraft for the chief of staff and service
Recapitalization focused logistics missions for the commanders with critical intelligence secretary.
and targeting information, enhancing
Maintenance Army, Joint services, national agencies,
lethality and survivability on the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
and multinational users in support of
battlefield. Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)
intelligence and electronic warfare,
transporting key personnel, and All Army fixed-wing aircraft are PROGRAM STATUS
providing logistical support for battle commercial off-the-shelf products or are C-12, RC-12, and UC-35 aircraft are
missions and homeland security. developed from those products. sustained using a Life Cycle Contractor
The fleet includes: Support (LCCS) maintenance contract
DESCRIPTION C-12 Utility C-23 aircraft are sustained using
Army Fixed Wing aviation units C-20/C-37 Long range transport an LCCS maintenance contract (M7
support their customers by enhancing C-23 Cargo Aerospace)
the lethality and survivability on the C-26 Utility C-37 and UC-35 aircraft were purchased
battlefield with intelligence and electronic EO-5 Airborne Reconnaissance Low with Congressional plus-up funding
warfare assets. The Fixed Wing fleet (ARL) C-37, C-20, and C-26 aircraft are
provides timely movement of key RC-12 Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/ sustained using Air Force LCCS
personnel to critical locations throughout CS) maintenance contracts (Gulfstream
the theater of operations, transports UC-35 Utility and M7 Aerospace)
time-sensitive and mission-critical supply EO-5 aircraft are sustained using an
items and repair parts needed to continue The EO-5 and RC-12 are classified as LCCS maintenance contract (King
the warfight, and worldwide peacetime special electronic mission aircraft and Aerospace)
contingencies and humanitarian relief provide real-time intelligence collection
(Homeland Defense) support. in peace and wartime environments. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The C-12, C-23, C-26, and UC-35 are Acquire six C-12 replacement aircraft
The Fixed Wing fleet consists of eight classified as operational support aircraft for the Army Reserve
aircraft platforms and 256 aircraft that and provide direct fixed-wing support Delivery of Golden Knights
allow the Army to perform day-to-day to warfighting combatant commanders replacement aircraft
operations in a more timely and cost- worldwide. The C-20 and C-37 are
efficient manner without reliance on assigned to Andrews Air Force Base

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


99

Fixed Wing

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Gulfstream (Savannah, GA)
King Aerospace (Addison, TX)
M7 Aerospace (San Antonio, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


100

Force Protection Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION adapting to immediate changes in PROGRAM STATUS
Detects, assesses, and responds threat conditions and apply restrictive 4QFY10: BAIS contract award
Recapitalization to unauthorized entry or attempted entrance criteria consistent with the 4QFY10: LKMD procurement and
intrusion into installations or facilities. force protection condition. fielding
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION The Battlefield Anti-Intrusion PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Force Protection Systems consist of the System (BAIS) is a compact, modular, FY0213: BAIS procurement and
following components: sensor-based warning system that fielding
can be used as a tactical stand-alone FY0611: LKMD operational testing
Automated Installation Entry (AIE) system. The system consists of a and procurement
is a software and hardware system handheld monitor and three seismic/
designed to read and compare vehicles acoustic sensors and provides coverage
and personnel identification media. The across a platoons defensive front (450
results of the comparison are used to meters). It delivers early warning and
permit or deny access to installation situational awareness information,
in accordance with installation classifying detections as personnel,
commanders criteria. AIE will use vehicle, wheeled, or tracked intrusions.
a database of personnel and vehicles
that have been authorized entry onto The Lighting Kit, Motion Detector
an Army installation and appropriate (LKMD) is a simple, compact, modular,
entry lane hardware to permit/deny sensor-based early-warning system
access to the installation. The system providing programmable responses of
will validate the authenticity of illumination and sound. The LKMD
credentials presented by a person with enhances unit awareness during all
data available from defense personnel types of operations and environments,
and vehicle registration databases. including those in urban terrain.
AIE will have the capability to process
permanent personnel and enrolled SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
visitors, and to present a denial barrier None
to restrict unauthorized personnel.
The system will also be capable of

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


101

Force Protection Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
BAIS:
L-3 Communications (Camden, NJ)
LKMD:
EG&G (Albuquerque, NM)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


102

Force Provider (FP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION BTU water heaters, four improved fuel PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the Army, Joint U.S. distribution systems, two wastewater 2QFY10: Production initiated for
Recapitalization military, host nation, and coalition evacuation tank/trailers, 26 mobile 17 modules to replace deployed APS
forces personnel with a high-quality electric power distribution replacement assets
Maintenance
systems, 56 environmental control 3QFY10: Deployment of two FP
deployable base camp to support the
units, and eight air compressors that 600-man base camps configured
expeditionary missions; develops, are diesel-engine driven and operate in 150-man subsets to support an
integrates, acquires, fields, sustains, at 17 cubic feet per minute. FP is operational needs statement (ONS)
and modernizes base camp support prepositioned in Army Prepositioned 3QFY10: Integration of the Shower
systems to improve the warfighters Stocks (APS) 1, 3, and 4 to support Water Reuse System (SWRS) into FP
fighting capabilities, performance, and combatant commanders requirements. 600-man base camps through urgent
quality of life. All system components weigh less materiel release to support ONS
than 10,000 pounds, making FP highly
DESCRIPTION mobile when prepacked for rapid PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Each Force Provider (FP) is a high- transport via air (C-130, C-141, C-5, 1QFY11: Capabilities production
quality deployable base camp that C-17), sea, road, or rail. document approval supporting
provides billeting, laundry, shower, improved capabilities
latrine, food service, shower water Additional operational add-on kits 4QFY11: Integration of additional
reuse, and morale, welfare, and include a cold-weather kit that allows resource efficiency upgrades into FP
recreation (MWR) kits to support operation to -15 degrees Fahrenheit, baseline
600 soldier camps. Additionally, prime-power kit, large-scale electric 4QFY12: Projected completion of
FP can be configured to support kitchen, and resource efficiency add- delivery of FP production modules
150 base camps. FP includes 75 ons to include a shower water reuse toAPS
deployable triple container (TRICON) system. New modules use an Airbeam
systems, with eight latrine systems, Shelter technology which reduces set
eight shower systems, four kitchen up time from days to hours.
systems, containerized batch laundry
systems, four TRICON refrigerated SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
containers, 26 60-kilowatt tactical Other Major Interdependencies
quiet generators, 26 modular personnel 60-kilowatt Tactical Quiet Generator
tents (air supported), four 400,000

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


103

Force Provider (FP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Force Provider Assembly:
Global Defense Engineering (Easton, MD)
Letterkenny Army Depot (Chambersburg, PA)
Expeditionary TRICON Kitchen System
and FP Electric Kitchen:
Tri-Tech USA Inc. (South Burlington, VT)
Airbeam TEMPER Tent:
Vertigo Inc. (Lake Elsinore, CA)
Environmental Control:
Hunter Mfg. (Solon, OH)
TRICON Container:
Charleston Marine Containers (Charleston, SC)
Waste Water Evacuation Tank/Trailer:
Marsh Industrial (Kalkaska, MI)
Cold Weather Kit Assembly:
Berg Companies, Inc. (Spokane, WA)
Mobile Electric Power Distribution
System Replacement:
Lex Products Corp. (Stamford, CT)
Expeditionary TRICON Systems
(shower, laundry, latrine):
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


104

Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization FBCB2 is a key component of the Army aircraft. The system distributes SA PROGRAM STATUS
Battle Command System (ABCS). data and BC messages within/between Current: In production
Recapitalization Applique hardware and software platforms and command posts using
are integrated into the various the Lower Tactical Internet EPLRS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
platforms at brigade-and-below, as or L-Band satellite as its means of Current: Continue production
well as at appropriate division and communication.
MISSION corps slices necessary to support
Provides integrated, on-the-move, brigadeoperations. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
timely, relevant battle command In this Publication
information to tactical combat leaders The system features platform Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
interconnections through two System (AFATDS), Battle Command
and Soldiers from brigade to platform
communication systems: FBCB2 Sustainment Support System (BCS3),
and across platforms within the brigade Enhanced Position Location Reporting Distributed Common Ground System
task force and other Joint forces. System (EPLRS), supported by the Army (DCGS-A), Movement Tracking
tactical Internet; and FBCB2Blue System (MTS), Nett Warrior (NW),
DESCRIPTION Force Tracking, supported by L-Band Warfighter Information Network
The Force XXI Battle Command satellite. The Joint Capabilities Release Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 1,
Brigade and Below (FBCB2) forms (JCR) is the next software release and WIN-TIncrement 2, WIN-T Increment 3
the principal digital command and addresses Joint requirements, database
control system for the Army at simplification, Type 1 encryption, a Other Major Interdependencies
brigade levels and below. It provides product line software approach, and AMDWS, ASAS, BFT-AVN, DTSS,
increased situational awareness (SA) enables transition to the Blue Force CPOF, JTCW, JSTARS, MCS, JC2C
on the battlefield by automatically Tracking II (BFT II) transceiver,
disseminating throughout the network allowing a tenfold increase in data
timely friendly force locations, reported throughput. FBCB2 is the primary
enemy locations, and graphics to platform-level digital Battle Command
visualize the commanders intent and (BC) for the Army and Marine Corps
scheme of maneuver. at brigade-and-below, consisting of
computer hardware and software
integrated into tactical vehicles and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


105

Force XXI Battle Command


Brigade and Below (FBCB2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia

CONTRACTORS
Software, Encryption, and Installation
Kits Prime:
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)
Field Service Representatives,
Trainers, Installers:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Eatontown, NJ)
Hardware:
DRS Technologies (Palm Bay, FL)
ViaSat Inc. (Carlsbad,CA)
Program Management Support:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Test Support:
MANTECH (Killeen, TX)
Aviation Hardware:
Prototype Integration Facility
(Huntsville,AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


106

Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD C2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION rocket rounds as identified by radar SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Collects, processes, and disseminates systems, and by performing C2 for Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization real-time target tracking and cuing Avenger and the C-RAM system. Radar systems providing input
information to all short-range air data such as Sentinel, Firefinder,
Maintenance
FAAD C2 uses the following Lightweight Counter-Mortar Radar
defense weapons and provides
communication systems: (LCMR), and AWACS
command and control (C2) for the Enhanced Position Location
Counter-Rocket, Mortar, and Artillery Reporting System (EPLRS) PROGRAM STATUS
(C-RAM)program. Multifunctional Information 3QFY10: BIOPs approved for
Distribution System (MIDS) updated shelter systems
DESCRIPTION Single Channel Ground and Airborne 4QFY10: FAAD C2 version 5.4B full
Forward Area Air Defense Command Radio System (SINCGARS) materiel release
and Control (FAAD C2) software 4QFY10: Complete fielding of FAAD
provides critical C2, situational FAAD C2 provides Joint C2 Sensor C2 nodes to five division
awareness, and automated air track interoperability and horizontal headquarters
information by integrating engagement integration with all Army C2 and air
operations software for multiple defense artillery system, including, but PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
systems, including: not limited to: 1QFY11: Complete FY10 reset effort
Avenger Surface Launched Advanced Medium of 37 FAAD C2 shelter systems
Sentinel Range Air-to-Air Missile 2QFY11: Field final Maneuver Air
Army Battle Command System PATRIOT and Missile Defense Battalion (1-188
(ABCS) Avenger Air Defense Artillery)
C-RAM Program Theater High Altitude Area Defense 3QFY11: Field FAAD C2 software
(THAAD) version 5.5A with 3D display
FAAD C2 supports air defense and Airborne Warning and Control 4QFY11: Continue fielding of Sensor
C-RAM weapon systems engagement System (AWACS) C2 nodes to six additional division
operations by tracking friendly and C-RAM headquarters
enemy aircraft, cruise missiles, ABCS
unmanned aerial vehicles, mortar and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


107

Forward Area Air Defense Command


and Control (FAAD C2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt

CONTRACTORS
Software:
Northrop Grumman Space and Mission
Systems Corp. (Redondo Beach, CA)
Hardware:
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Scranton, PA)
PKMM (Las Vegas, NV)
SETA:
ITTCAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
CHS 3:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


108

Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition (FTMGA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION employ high-explosive, anti-personnel, PROGRAM STATUS
Provides overwhelming lethality obstacle-reduction, and anti-helicopter 4QFY09: Milestone B for M829E4
Recapitalization overmatch to the heavy armor fleet. capabilities into one munition, thus FY10: M829E4 Engineering and
streamlining the logistical footprint manufacturing development (EMD)
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION associated with deploying heavy forces. initiation
The Future Tank Main Gun This cartridge will further enhance FY10: Award of two competing EMD
Ammunition (FTMGA) suite consists survivability and lethality for Abrams contracts for M829E4
of two cartridges and will provide tanks in the 04 kilometer range. Current: M829E4 TRL-6
enhanced lethality and increased demonstrated; AMP TRL-6
capability to the Heavy Brigade Combat SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES demonstrated
Team. The FTMGA suite must be compatible
with the Abrams tank fleet through the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The next generation kinetic energy remainder of its service life. FY11: EMD downselect M829E4
(KE) cartridge, designated M829E4, FY12: Milestone B for AMP
will use an advanced penetrator to
defeat future heavy armor targets
equipped with explosive reactive
armor and active protection systems.
This will increase survivability of the
Abrams tank in the 04 kilometer
range.

The Advanced Multi-Purpose (AMP)


cartridge will combine the capabilities
of a number of existing munitions
into one cartridge. This cartridge
will utilize air bursting warhead and
multimode fuze technology to combine
those capabilities and provide new
capability against dismounted infantry
at longer ranges. This cartridge will

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


109

Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition


(FTMGA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
M829E4:
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (St. Petersburg, FL)
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


110

General Fund Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION allow more time to perform financial 2QFY09: Go-Live of release 1.3
Provides a new core financial analysis, and facilitate a more accurate 2QFY09: Milestone C and move
Recapitalization management capability that is understanding of the value, location, to production and deployment/
compliant with congressional mandates, and characteristics of all property. operations and support phase
Maintenance
GFEBS will provide a comprehensive 3QFY09: Full Army-wide
administers the Armys General
system for many of the Armys deployment of release 1.3
Fund, and improves performance, financial and accounting functions 3QFY09: Successful Milestone C
standardizes processes, and meets including general ledger, accounts decision
future needs. payable, revenue and accounts 1QFY10: Successful release 1.4
receivable, cost management, financial Go-Live
DESCRIPTION reporting, and real property inventory 1QFY10: Limited user testing of
The Army will implement a commercial and management. GFEBS will deploy release 1.4
off-the-shelf Enterprise Resource to an estimated 79,000 warfighters 2QFY10: Successful release 1.4
Planning (ERP) system that meets at more than 200 sites. Anticipated Go-Live to Medical Command
the requirements of the Chief benefits to be realized are $960 million 2QFY10: Limited pre-deployment
Financial Officers Act and the Federal between FY10 and Life Cycle FY22. authorization for Wave 2
Financial Management Improvement 3QFY104QFY10: Follow-on
Act of 1996, and that is capable of SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES operational test and evaluation
supporting the Department of Defense None
with accurate, reliable, and timely PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
financial information. The General PROGRAM STATUS Continue: Full deployment decision
Fund Enterprise Business Systems 2QFY08: Successful Milestone B approval
(GFEBS) implementation involves decision 1QFY11: Deploy release 1.4.2
standardizing financial management, 3QFY08: Developmental testing for 3QFY11: Release 1.4.3 and move
accounting functions, real property release 1.2 to full Army-wide deployment/
inventory, and management across 3QFY08: Begin build phase operations and support phase
the Army. As a result, Army financial of second production release
and real property professionals will (release1.3)
have access to timely, reliable, and 1QFY09: Go-Live of first
accurate information. GFEBS will also production release
improve cost management and control, 1QFY09: Limited user test

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


111

General Fund Enterprise Business


Systems (GFEBS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
System Integrator:
Accenture (Reston, VA)
Program Management Support
Acquisition:
Binary Group (Bethesda, MD)
Program Management Support
ServicesEngineering:
iLuMinA Solutions (California, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


112

Global Combat Support SystemArmy (GCSS-Army)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION a single source for enterprise hub support at the right place and time and
Provides commanders and staffs with services, master data, and business improve the commanders situational
Recapitalization a responsive and efficient automated intelligence. awareness with accurate and
system that provides one coherent responsive information.
Maintenance
GCSS-Army uses commercial-off-the-
source for accurate and timely tactical
shelf (COTS) ERP software products SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
logistics information to improve to support rapid force projection in General Fund Enterprise Business
situational awareness and facilitate the the battlefield functional areas of Systems (GFEBS)
decision-making cycle. arming, fixing, fueling, sustaining and
tactical logistics financial processes. PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION The GCSS-Army solution replaces 11 4QFY08: Milestone B
Global Combat Support SystemArmy logistics Standard Army Management 1QFY09: Acquisition program
(GCSS-Army) is one program with two Information Systems (STAMIS) in baseline signed
components. GCSS-Army Enterprise tactical units and will establish an 4QFY10: Release 1.1 Go-Live
Resource Planning (ERP) Solution interface/integration with applicable 4QFY10: Developmental test and
is an automation information system C2 and Joint systems. evaluation; initial government test
that serves as the primary tactical
logistics enabler to support Army and GCSS-Army (ERP Solution) is PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Joint Transformation for Sustainment the primary enabler for theArmy 2QFY11: Milestone C decision
using an ERP system. The program transformation vision of a techno 4QFY11: Initial operational test and
re-engineers current business processes logically advanced ERP that manages evaluation
to achieve end-to-end logistics and the flow of logistics resources and 2QFY12: Full deployment decision
integration with applicable command information to satisfy the Armys
and control (C2)/Joint systems. The modernization requirements. AESIP
second component, Army Enterprise integrates Army business functions by
Systems Integration Program (AESIP), providing a single source for enterprise
formerly known as Product Lifecycle hub services, business intelligence
Management Plus (PLM+), integrates and analytics, and centralized master
Army business functions by providing data management across the business
domain. GCSS-Army will meet the
warfighters need for responsive

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


113

Global Combat Support System


Army (GCSS-Army)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime GCSS-Army:
Northrop Grumman Information Systems
(Richmond, VA)
Prime AESIP:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(FallsChurch, VA)
PMO Support:
LMI Consulting (McLean, VA)
MPRI, an L-3 Company (Alexandria,VA)
Capgemini (IV&V) (New York, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


114

Global Command and Control SystemArmy (GCCS-A)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Force-employment planning and architecture guidelines. These provide PROGRAM STATUS
execution tools (receipt of forces, a common support architecture and 3QFY081QFY09: Support Net-
Recapitalization intra-theater planning, readiness, modular software for use by the Enabled Command Capability
force tracking, onward movement, services and agencies in developing (NECC) development of Army
Maintenance
and execution status) mission-specific solutions to their C2 capability modules with unique Army
Overall interoperability with Joint, requirements. The hardware platform requirements
MISSION coalition, and the tactical Army is based on commercial off-the-shelf 3QFY084QFY10: Support
Provides critical automated command Battle Command System (ABCS) hardware. The system users are linked Operations Enduring Freedom and
and control (C2) tools for combatant via local area networks in client/ Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF)
commanders to enhance warfighter GCCS-A supports Army units from the server configurations, operating at 3QFY084QFY10: Release Defense
strategic commanders and regional Secret/High over the Secure Internet Readiness Reporting SystemArmy
capabilities throughout the spectrum
combatant commanders in theater, Protocol Router Network for worldwide (DRRS-A) Force Readiness Tool
of conflict during Joint and combined down through the joint task force communication. (Phase 3) to the field
operations. commander. As part of ABCS, GCCS-A 14QFY10: Support to the Joint
provides a seamless Army extension SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Command and Control (JC2)
DESCRIPTION from the Joint GCCS system to echelons In this Publication Capability Analysis of Alternatives
The Global Command and Control corps and below. Compatibility and Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data (AoA)
SystemArmy (GCCS-A) is the Armys interoperability are achieved by System (AFATDS), Battle Command
strategic and operational C2 system, building the GCCS-A applications to Sustainment Support System (BCS3), PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
providing readiness, planning, function on the common operating Tactical Battle Command (TBC)/ 14QFY11: Continue spiral
mobilization, and deployment capability environment and through interfaces Maneuver Control System (MCS) development in support of GCCS-A
information for strategic commanders. with other C2 systems within the Army Version 4.2.x and DRRS-A Phase 4
For theater commanders, GCCS-A and other services. Force Readiness Other Major Interdependencies requirements
provides the following: and Force Projection are provided by ABCS, ASAS, CPOF, DRRS, DTSS, 14QFY11: Continue directed
Common operational picture and Defense Readiness Reporting System GCCS-J, GSORTS, JOPES fieldings and required support for
associated friendly and enemy status Army (DRRS-A). OEF/OIF
information 14QFY11: Continue support to the
The common operating environment JC2 AoA and eventual approved JC2
specifies a common system Way Forward
infrastructure for all C2 systems in
accordance with the joint technical

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


115

Global Command and Control


SystemArmy (GCCS-A)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Develop and Field Software:
Lockheed Martin (Springfield, VA;
TintonFalls, NJ)
System Hardware:
GTSI (Chantilly, VA)
Systems Engineering and Support:
Accenture (Reston, VA)
Field Support Reps:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Eatontown, NJ)
Systems Engineering and Integration:
Systems Technologies (Systek), Inc.
(WestLong Branch, NJ)
Program Support:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)
Systems Integration and Testing:
General Dynamics (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


116

Gray Eagle Extended Range Multipurpose (ERMP)


Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Its specifications include the following: SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides combatant commanders Length: 28 feet Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization a real-time responsive capability to Wingspan: 56 feet PMRobotic Unmanned Sensors
conduct long-dwell, persistent stare, Gross take-off weight: 3,200 pounds (PM-RUS) provides the electro-optical/
Maintenance
(Growth to 3,600 pounds) infrared (EO/IR) and SAR/GMTI
wide-area reconnaissance, surveillance,
Maximum speed: 150 knots payloads, PMJoint Attack Munition
target acquisition, communications Ceiling: 25,000 feet Systems (PM-JAMS) provides Hellfire
relay, and attack missions. Range: 1,200 nautical miles via missiles, PMWarfighter Information
satellite communications (SATCOM) NetworkTerrestrial (PM-WIN-T)
DESCRIPTION Endurance: 30+ hours provides communications relay payload
The MQ-1C Gray Eagle Extended Range
Multipurpose Unmanned Aircraft The Gray Eagle UAS is fielded in PROGRAM STATUS
System (UAS) addresses the need for company sets, consisting of 12 Current: Low-rate initial production
a long-endurance, armed, unmanned unmanned aircraft, six One System
aircraft system that offers greater Ground Control Stations (OGCS), six PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
range, altitude, and payload flexibility. Ground Data Terminals (GDT), three 4QFY11: Initial operational test and
Portable Ground Control Stations evaluation
The Gray Eagle UAS is powered by a (PGCS), three Portable Ground Data 2QFY12: Full-rate production
heavy fuel engine (HFE) for higher Terminals (PGDT), three Satellite decision
performance, better fuel efficiency, Ground Data Terminals (SGDT), an
common fuel on the battlefield, and a Automated Take-off and Landing
longer lifetime. System (ATLS), Light Medium
Tactical Vehicles (LMTV), and other
ground-support equipment, operated
and maintained by a company of 128
Soldiers within the Combat Aviation
Brigade.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


117

Gray Eagle Extended Range


Multipurpose (ERMP) Unmanned
Aircraft System (UAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Aircraft:
General Atomics, Aeronautical Systems
Inc. (San Diego, CA)
Ground Control Station:
AAI Corp. (Hunt Valley, MD)
Tactical Common Data Link:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


118

Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The GCV IFV will have enhanced PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the infantry squad with a mobility to allow it to operate FY10: Completed materiel
Recapitalization highly mobile, protected transport to effectively in a variety of complex development decision; currently
decisive locations on the battlefield. environments, including urban and proceeding to a Milestone A decision
Maintenance
cross county terrain, while carrying a for approval to enter into the
DESCRIPTION full infantry squad plus crew of three. technology developmentphase
The Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) is
a critical element of the Armys effort The GCV IFVs organic weapons will be PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
to transform, replace, and improve capable of providing both destructive Ongoing: The GCV IFV program will
its Combat Vehicle fleet. The GCV fires against armored vehicle threats go through competitive development
Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) will and direct fire support for the squad as well as technology development
provide force protection to deliver during dismounted assaults. Flexible and engineering and manufacturing
a nine-man infantry squad in an capabilities can shape the operating development phases before entering
improvised explosive device (IED) environment with effects that can vary production; first production of GCV
threat environment. It will protect from a shove to a lethal overmatch. IFV is expected approximately seven
occupants from IEDs, mines, and other years from award of technology
ballistic threats with scalable armor SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES development contracts
that provides mission flexibility for None
thecommander.

GCV IFV will be designed with


sufficient power and space to host
the Armys advanced network. The
IFV will feature an open architecture
to facilitate the integration of
current and future communications,
computers, and surveillance and
reconnaissancesystems.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


119

Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


To be determined

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


120

Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization time reporting, ensuring information Planned improvements through PROGRAM STATUS
dominance to commanders. GR/CS Guardrail modernization efforts include 3QFY08: Initial CHALS-C flight test
Recapitalization uses a Guardrail Ground Baseline an enhanced precision geolocation 1QFY09: ESA factory acceptance
(GGB) for the control, data processing, subsystem, the Communications test
Maintenance
and message center for the system. It High-Accuracy Location Subsystem 3QFY09: High band COMINT (HBC)
includes: Compact (CHALS-C), with increased factory acceptance test
MISSION Integrated communications frequency coverage and a higher 4QFY09: CHALS-C, ESA, HBC, and
Provides signals intelligence (SIGINT) intelligence (COMINT) and ELINT probability to collect targets; a ELINT system flight test
collection and precision targeting that collection and reporting modern COMINT infrastructure and 3QFY10: CHALS-C, ESA, HBC, and
intercepts, collects, and precisely Enhanced signal classification and core COMINT subsystem, providing ELINT upgrades system assessment
recognition and precision emitter a frequency extension, Enhanced 3QFY10: CHALS-C, ESA, HBC, and
locates hostile communications
geolocation Situational Awareness (ESA); a ELINT fieldings; GGB fieldings to the
intelligence radio frequency emitters Near-real-time direction finding capability to process special high- 224th Military Intelligence (MI), 3rd
and electronic intelligence threat radar Advanced integrated aircraft cockpit priority signals through the high-end MI, 15th MI; initiating new contracts
emitters. Tactical Satellite Remote Relay COMINT subsystem; and elimination for additional GGB hardware
System (Systems 1, 2, 3, and 4) of non-supportable hardware and 4QFY10: ESA system assessment
DESCRIPTION software. Ground processing software
The Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/ A standard system has 8 to 12 and hardware are being upgraded for PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
CS) is a fixed-wing, airborne, SIGINT RC-12 aircraft flying operational interoperability with the Distributed 2QFY11: Begin system fielding
collection and precision targeting missions in sets of two or three. Common Ground SystemArmy
location system. It provides near- Up to three aircraft/systems (DCGS-A) architecture and Distributed
real-time information to tactical simultaneously collect communications Information Backbone.
commanders in the corps/Joint task and noncommunications emitter
force/Brigade Combat Team (BCT) transmissions and gather lines of SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
area of operations with emphasis on bearing and time-difference-of-arrival DCGS-A
Indications and Warnings (I&W). It data, which is transmitted to the GGB,
collects low-, mid-, and high-band radio correlated, and supplied to supported
signals and electronic intelligence commands.
(ELINT) signals; identifies and
classifies them; determines source
location; and provides near-real-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


121

Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
System Integrator, ESA Subsystem, and
GGB Software/System Support:
Northrop Grumman (Sacramento, CA)
Data Links:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)
CHALS-C:
Lockheed Martin (Oswego, NY)
X-MIDAS Software:
ZETA (Fairfax, VA)
HBC Subsystem:
ArgonST Radix (Mountain View, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


122

Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS)


DPICM/Unitary/Alternative Warhead (Tactical Rockets)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION fragmentation effects with low SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides a 24/7 persistent, responsive, collateral damage. The development In this Publication
Recapitalization all-weather, rapidly-deployed, long- of a third variant incorporating an Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
range, surface-to-surface, area-and- alternative warhead has been initiated. System (AFATDS), HIMARS
Maintenance
The Alternative Warhead (AW) will be
point precision strike capability.
compliant with the 2008 DoD Policy Other Major Interdependencies
DESCRIPTION on Cluster Munitions and Unintended GPS, M270A1, Joint Systems, National
The Guided Multiple Launch Rocket Harm to Civilians. The AW rocket Systems
System (GMLRS) is a major upgrade will service area target sets without
to the M26 rocket, producing precise, producing unexploded ordnance and is PROGRAM STATUS
destructive, and shaping fires against scheduled to be fielded in FY15. 2Q3QFY08: GMLRS Unitary initial
a variety of target sets. GMLRS is operational test
employed with the M270A1 upgraded The original GMLRS development was 1QFY09: GMLRS AW Configuration
Multiple Launch Rocket System an international cooperative program Steering Board (CSB), Acquisition
(MLRS) tracked launcher and the with the United Kingdom, Germany, Decision Memorandum (ADM)
M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket France, and Italy. An urgent materiel approved for Technology
System (HIMARS) wheeled launchers. release version of the GMLRS Unitary Development Initiation of the AW
GMLRS munitions have greater was produced and fielded in support 1QFY09: GMLRS AW CSB ADM
accuracy with a resulting higher of U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) halts new DPICM procurements
probability of kill, smaller logistics forces with over 1,600 rockets used in 1QFY09: GMLRS Unitary full-rate
footprint, and minimized collateral operations through July 2010. production decision
damage. 4QFY09: GMLRS AW Milestone A
Rocket length: 3,937mm 4QFY10: GMLRS AW Warhead
There are two fielded variants of the Rocket diameter: 227mm Prototype Technical Demonstrations
GMLRS: the previously produced Rocket reliability: Threshold 92
dual-purpose improved conventional percent; objective 95 percent PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
munitions (DPICM) variant designed to Ballistic range(s): 15 to 70+ 4QFY11: GMLRS AW Milestone B
service area targets; and the unitary kilometers
variant with a single 200-pound
class high-explosive charge to
provide precision strike blast and

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


123

Guided Multiple Launch Rocket


System (GMLRS) DPICM/Unitary/
Alternative Warhead (Tactical
Rockets)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Bahrain, Canada, France, Finland,
Germany, Japan, Jordan, Singapore,
Thailand, United Arab Emirates,
UnitedKingdom

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Lockheed Martin (Camden, AR;
GrandPrairie, TX)
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control
(Las Cruces, NM)
Guidance Set:
Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
Rocket Motors:
Aerojet (Camden, AR)
Technical System Support:
Systems, Studies, and Simulation
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


124

Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)/


HEMTTExtendedServiceProgram(ESP)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The M978 tanker is a 2,500 gallon speed automatic), anti-lock braking SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
fuel transporter for field refueling of system and traction control, air-ride Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization ground vehicles and aircraft. The M984 suspension, a J-1939 data-bus providing The M983 HEMTT LET Tractor paired
wrecker includes a crane and winch an updated electrical system, climate with the Fifth Wheel Towing Device
Maintenance
retrieval system and serves the primary control, and a larger common cab. and High Mobility Recovery Trailer
role of recovery and evacuation of heavy are designated ISRS and MRAP
MISSION wheel vehicles and combat systems. HEMTT ESP, known as HEMTT recovery. Other vehicles that utilize the
Supports combat units by performing The M983 Tractor is the prime mover RECAP, is a recapitalization program HEMTT chassis are: M1142 Tactical
line and local haul, unit resupply, for the Patriot missile. The M983 that converts high-mileage, older Fire Fighting Trucks, M1158 Heavy
helicopter and tactical vehicle refueling, Light Equipment Transporter (LET) version HEMTT trucks into the Mobility Water Tender Truck, M1977
Tractor serves as the prime mover for current A4 production configuration. HEMTT Common Bridge Transporter
and related missions in a tactical
tactical semitrailers in engineering Modernizing the fleet to one model (CBT), Theatre High Altitude Area
environment. units to include the M870 series reduces logistic footprint and Defense Missile System (THAAD),
and Intermediate Stryker Recovery operational and sustainment (O&S) and the M985 GMT Guided Missile
DESCRIPTION System (ISRS) and Mine-Resistant, cost of maintaining old vehicles. Transport used in Patriot Battalions.
The Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicles.
Truck (HEMTT) 10-ton, 8-wheel drive The HEMTT Load Handling System HEMTT has several configurations: PROGRAM STATUS
is designed for cross-country military (LHS) provides NATO interoperability M977: Cargo truck with light 1QFY09: HEMTT A4 Family
missions up to 11 tons to transport with standard flatrack and mission materiel handling crane of Vehicles was type classified
ammunition, petroleum, oils, and modules for delivery of general supplies, M985: Cargo truck with heavy standard and full materiel released
lubricants. Variants include: M977, equipment, and ammunition with materiel handling crane (TC/MR)
M985, M978, M983, M984 and M1120. Palletized Load System (PLS) style M978: 2,500-gallon fuel tanker
load handling systems. The system M984: Wrecker PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The M977 is utilized for delivery of is compatible with the PLS Trailer, M983: Tractor FY11: Distribute HEMTT A4s in
general supplies, equipment, and capable of a 26,000 pound payload. M983 LET: LET fifth wheel vertical accordance with Headquarters
ammunition with an on-board crane loading has 45K winch with gross Department of the Army G8
with 4,500 pounds load capacity. The The HEMTT A4 began fielding in towing weight of 45.4 kilograms distribution plan to next deployers to
M985 cargo has an on-board crane with December 2008. Enhancements include M1120: LHS transports palletized Theater, Army National Guard, Army
5,400 pounds load capacity and is the a modern power train consisting of a materiel and International Standards Reserve, Homeland Defense, and
primary transporter for Multiple Launch Caterpillar C-15/500 horsepower Engine Organization (ISO) containers Army Prepositioned Stock
Rocket System (MLRS) ammunition. and Allison Transmission (4500 SP/5-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


125

Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical


Truck (HEMTT)/HEMTT Extended
Service Program (ESP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI; Killeen, TX)
Engine:
Caterpillar (Peoria, IL)
Transmission:
Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Tires:
Michelin (Greenville, SC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


126

Heavy Loader

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Heavy Loaders provide the capability PROGRAM STATUS
Provides engineering units the capability to lift, move, and load a variety of Current: All ballistics and vehicle
Recapitalization to perform lifting, loading, hauling, materials. They are also used to performance testing completed;
digging, and trenching operations in perform horizontal and vertical logistics development activities well
Maintenance
construction tasks supporting military underway
support of Combat Support Brigades
construction operations including
and Brigade Combat Teams. construction of roads, bridges, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
airfields, medical facilities, and Continue fielding to units
DESCRIPTION demolition of structures, as well as
The Heavy Loader is a commercial loading in quarry operations.
vehicle modified for military use. The
military version of the loader will SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
be armored with an A-kit (armored Other Major Interdependencies
floor plate) on all loaders and C-kit M916/M870 truck trailer for highway
(armored cab) on selected loaders. transportability
There are two types of loaders: the
Type IQuarry Teams, with a capacity
of 4.5 cubic yards; and Type IIgeneral
use, with a capacity of 5 cubic yards.
The Heavy Loader currently has
state-of-the-art operator displays,
on-board diagnostics and prognostics,
and blackout lighting. For operator
comfort, each loader is equipped with
heating and air conditioning as well as
an air suspension seat. Modifications
include chemical-resistant coating
paint, rifle rack, military standard
(MIL-STD-209) lift and tie-down, and
hydraulic quick coupler systems for
attachments.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


127

Heavy Loader

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
OEM:
Caterpillar Defense and Federal Products
(Peoria, IL)
Armor:
BAE Systems (Rockville, MD)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


128

Hellfire Family of Missiles

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION for urban, patrol boat and other soft Diameter: 7 inches
Engages and defeats individual targets (AGM-114M); and a metal Weight: 99.8107 pounds
Recapitalization moving or stationary advanced armor, augmented charge (MAC) warhead Length: 64 inches
mechanized or vehicular targets, patrol (AGM-114N) for urban structures, Maximum range:
Maintenance
bunkers, radar sites, communications Direct fire: 7 kilometers
craft, buildings, or bunkers while
installations, and bridges. Beginning in Indirect fire: 8 kilometers
increasing aircraft survivability. 2012, a Hellfire multi-purpose warhead Minimum range: .51.5 kilometers
variant (AGM-114R) will be available
DESCRIPTION to the warfighter that allows selection SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The AGM-114 Hellfire Family of of warhead effects corresponding to a None
Missile includes the Hellfire II and specific target type. The AGM-114R is
Longbow Hellfire missiles. Hellfire capable of being launched from Army PROGRAM STATUS
II is a precision strike, Semi-Active rotary wing and UAS platforms and Current: Laser Hellfire II missiles
Laser (SAL) guided missile and is the provides the pilot increased operational are procured annually to replace
principal air-to-ground weapon for the flexibility. combat expenditures and war
Army AH-64 Apache, OH-58 Kiowa reserve requirements
Warrior, Gray Eagle Extended Range The Longbow Hellfire (AGM-114L)
Multipurpose (ERMP) Unmanned is also a precision strike missile PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Aircraft System (UAS), Special using millimeter wave (MMW) radar Laser Hellfire
Operations aircraft, Marine Corps guidance instead of the Hellfire IIs Continue: In production
AH-1W Super Cobra and the Air Forces semi-active laser. It is the principal Longbow Hellfire
Predator/Reaper UAS. anti-tank system for the AH-64D Continue: Sustainment activities
Apache Longbow helicopter and
The SAL Hellfire II missile is guided uses the same anti-armor warhead
by laser energy reflected off the target. as the Hellfire II. The MMW seeker
It has three warhead variants: a provides beyond line-of-sight fire and
dual warhead, shaped charge high- forget capability as well as the ability
explosive anti-tank (HEAT) capability to operate in adverse weather and
for armored targets (AGM-114K); a battlefield obscurants.
blast fragmentation warhead (BFWH)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


129

Hellfire Family of Missiles

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Laser Hellfire:
Australia, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Kuwait,
Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Singapore,
Spain, Taiwan
Direct commercial sale:
United Kingdom
Longbow Hellfire:
Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Singapore
Direct commercial sale:
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin (Troy, AL)
L-3 Communications (Chicago, IL)
Alliant Techsystems (Rocket City, WV)
Moog Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Laser Hellfire Missile System, guidance
section, sensor group:
Hellfire LLC (Orlando, FL)
Longbow Hellfire:
Longbow LLC (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


130

Helmet Mounted Night Vision Devices (HMNVD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization with a momentary and continuous-on The AN/PSQ-20 Enhanced Night the Soldiers mobility. Another benefit
switching function. IR operation and Vision Goggle (ENVG) of the ENVG is its compatibility
Recapitalization low-battery indicators are displayed The AN/PSQ-20 ENVG gives Soldiers with aiming lasers currently in
within the Soldiers field of view. The new capabilities over existing use, allowing for a fully integrated
Maintenance
AN/PVS-14 has a lightweight, fully night vision and thermal devices by system of thermal, laser and image
adjustable military head strap that incorporating image intensification and intensification.
MISSION allows for comfortable long-term use. long-wave infrared (thermal) sensors
Enhances the warfighters visual A wide range of optional accessories into a single, helmet-mounted passive SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
ability and situational awareness while includes high-magnification lenses and device. The ENVG combines the visual None
successfully engaging and executing a helmet-mounting bracket. The AN/ detail in low light conditions that
PVS-14 can be mounted to the M16 is provided by image intensification PROGRAM STATUS
operations day or night, whether in
Rifle/M4 Carbine receiver rail. with the thermal sensors ability to FY10: Fielded to units supporting
adverse weather or visually obscured see through fog, dust, and smoke that Operation Enduring Freedom and
battlefield conditions. AN/AVS-6 Aviators Night Vision obscure vision. This thermal capability Operation Iraqi Freedom
Imaging System (ANVIS) makes the ENVG, unlike earlier night FY10: Production and fielding
DESCRIPTION The AN/AVS-6 ANVIS is a third- vision devices, useful during the day FY10: Retrofit fielded units with the
Helmet Mounted Night Vision Devices generation, helmet-mounted, direct- as well as at night. The ENVG allows objective lens (AN/AVS-6)
(HMNVD) allow Soldiers to operate in view, image intensification device Soldiers to rapidly detect and engage FY10: New production contract with
low-visibility conditions and retain use that enables aviators to operate more targets because it permits use of multiple vendors (AN/PSQ-20)
of their hands. These devices include: effectively and safely during low-light existing rifle-mounted aiming lights.
and degraded battlefield conditions. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
AN/PVS-14 Monocular Night Vision The low-light sensitivity represents Several engineering enhancements to FY11: Production and fielding in
Device (MNVD) a 35 to 40 percent improvement over the ENVG improve its fit and function. accordance with Headquarters
The AN/PVS-14 MNVD is a head- or the earliest ANVIS. Additionally, the For example, putting the battery pack Department of the Army G8
helmet-mounted passive device that gated power supply enables operation on the rear of the helmet provides priorities
amplifies ambient light and very near at significantly higher light levels than better balance and increases comfort
infrared (IR) energy to enable night any of the previous designs. as well as stability. The system is also
operations. The system is designed designed to work with existing ballistic
for use in conjunction with rifle- eye protection. In addition, the system
mounted aiming lights. The AN/ is now more compact and easier to
PVS-14 incorporates an IR illuminator stow when not in use, which enhances

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


131

Helmet Mounted Night


Vision Devices (HMNVD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Kingdom, Yemen

CONTRACTORS
AN/PVS-14:
ITT (Roanoke, VA)
L-3 Communications Electro-Optic
Systems (Tempe, AZ; Garland, TX)
AN/AVS-6(V)3 ANVIS:
ITT (Roanoke, VA)
AN/PSQ-20:
ITT (Roanoke, VA)
AN/PVS-14 Monocular Night
Vision Device (MNVD)

The AN/PSQ-20 Enhanced Night


Vision Goggle (ENVG)
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011
132

High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Munitions (MFOM), including Army PROGRAM STATUS
Provides close- and long-range Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) 1QFY10: Full-rate production V
Recapitalization precision rocket and missile fire missiles and Guided MLRS (GMLRS) contract award
support for Army and Marine early- rockets. HIMARS carries either six 3QFY10: First increased crew
Maintenance
rockets or one missile, is self-loading protection (ICP)-equipped M142
entry expeditionary forces, contingency
and self-locating, and is operated by a delivered to U.S. Army
forces, and Modular Fires Brigades three-man crew protected from launch 3QFY10: Initiated ICP Cab fleet
supporting Brigade Combat Teams. exhaust/debris and ballistic threats by retrofit
an armored man-rated cab. It operates Fielded three Army National Guard
DESCRIPTION within the MLRS command, control, (ARNG) battalions for total of 11
The M142 High Mobility Artillery and communications structure. battalions fielded
Rocket System (HIMARS) is a combat- Continued Universal Fire Control
proven, wheeled artillery system, Ordnance options: All current and System (UFCS) fleet upgrade
rapidly deployable via C-130 and future MLRS rockets and ATACMS Provide support to fielded units/units
operable in all weather and visibility missiles, to include GMLRS DPICM and in combat
conditions. HIMARS is mounted Unitary Field and provide sustainment and
on a five-ton modified Family of support activities for foreign military
Medium Tactical Vehicles chassis. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES sales customers
The wheeled chassis allows for faster In this Publication
road movement and lower operating Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
costs, and requires far fewer strategic System (AFATDS), Family of Medium Continue fielding to active and
airlifts (via C-5 or C-17) to transport Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) reserve components
a firing battery than the tracked Continue ICP and UFCS fleet retrofit
M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System Other Major Interdependencies Field Long Range Communication,
(MLRS) that it replaces. The M142 C130/C-17, CNR (Combat Net Radio), Blue Force Tracker, and Drivers
provides responsive, highly accurate, GPS, JSTARS, MLRS MODS, PEO Vision Enhancement (DVE) mods
and extremely lethal surface-to- Integration, Q36/Q37 FIREFINDER,
surface rocket and missile res from Sensor Suite, TBMCS (Air Space
15 to 300 kilometers. HIMARS can Clearance)
fire all munitions in the current and
planned suite of the MLRS Family of

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


133

High Mobility Artillery Rocket


System (HIMARS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Jordan, Singapore, United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Prime: Lockheed Martin
(GrandPrairie,TX; Camden, AR)
Increased Crew Protection (ICP) Cab:
BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
LIU, WIU, PSU: Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Chassis: BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
PNU: L-3 Communications Space &
Navigation (Budd Lake, NJ)
Universal Gun Display Unit:
EFW (Fort Worth, TX)
Controller Assembly; Ball Screw:
R&D Electronics (Brownsboro, AL)
Pump, Reservoir, Motor:
Eaton-Vickers (Jackson, MS)
ADU, Boom/Hydraulic Gear Box:
Smiths Industries (Whippany, NJ)
Metal Parts: Beacon Industries (Dallas, TX)
Hydraulic Lines:
Eaton Aeroquip (Jackson, MI)
Reloader Hoist: Breeze (Union, NJ)
Manifolds:
Real Time Labs (Boca Raton, FL)
Geared Bearing: Kaydon (Muskegon, MI)
Fire Control System: Various vendors

Empty weight: 29,800 pounds


Max speed: 100 kilometers per hour
Max cruising range: 480 kilometers

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


134

High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE) I and III

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The HMEE-III is a commercial- PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the Army with earthmoving based backhoe loader with military All ballistics and vehicle
Recapitalization vehicles that support self-deployability, modifications that is intended for performance testing completed
mobility, and speed to keep pace with units that are relatively stationary FY09: Type classificationstandard
Maintenance
and do not require the speed and and full material release granted
the Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs)
rapid deployability of the HMEE-I. Its
within the future engineer force. maximum speed is 25 miles per hour PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
on improved roads, and seven miles Fielding is ongoing
DESCRIPTION per hour off-road. The HMEE-III is
The High Mobility Engineer used by Combat Support Brigades in
Excavator Type I (HMEE-I) is a non- support of the Air/Ground Lines of
developmental, military-unique vehicle Communication (A/G LOC) force. Tasks
that will be fielded to the Armys BCTs performed by the HMEE-III include
and other selected engineer units. The repair and improvement of roads, trails,
HMEE-I can travel up to 60 miles per bridges, and airfields.
hour on primary roads and up to 25
miles per hour on secondary roads. The SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
high mobility of the HMEE-I provides None
earthmoving machines capable of
maintaining pace with the Armys
current combat systems. All HMEE-Is
will be capable of accepting armor, are
C-130 transportable, and diesel driven.
HMEE-I will meet all Operational
Requirements Document requirements
and replaces Small Emplacement
Excavators (SEEs) in BCTs and
IHMEEs in Stryker BCTs.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


135

High Mobility Engineer Excavator


(HMEE) I and III

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


HMEE-I
New Zealand

CONTRACTORS
OEM:
JCB Inc. (Pooler, GA)
Armor:
ADSI (Hicksville, NY)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


136

High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)


Family of Vehicles
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The HMMWV A2 configuration carrying capacity for an integrated
Provides a light, tactical, wheeled incorporates a four-speed, electronic armor package (A-Kit) and the
Recapitalization vehicle for command and control, troop transmission, a 6.5-liter diesel engine, capability to accept add-on-armor kits
transport, shelter carrier, ambulance, and improvements in transportability. (B-Kits). The M1151A1 is currently
Maintenance
It serves as a platform for other Army fielded with a gunners protection kit.
towed-weapons prime mover, and
systems such as the Ground-Based The HMMWV recapitalization program
weapons platforms throughout all of the Common Sensor. The heavy variant reconfigures older base models to R1
battlefield or mission areas. has a payload of 4,870 pounds and is vehicles with increased capability,
the prime mover for the light howitzer reliability, and maintainability.
DESCRIPTION and heavier shelters. The expanded
The High Mobility Multipurpose capacity vehicle (ECV) armament SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) is a carrier has a payload capacity of 3,900 Numerous data interchange customers
lightweight, highly mobile, high pounds, including crew and kits. The use the HMMWV to mount shelters and
performance, diesel-powered, four- ECV chassis serves as a platform for other systems. The M1101/1102 Light
wheel drive, air transportable and air mission payloads and for systems that Tactical Trailer is the designed trailer
droppable family of tactical vehicles exceed 4,400 pounds and is used for for this vehicle.
that satisfy Army, Marine Corps, Navy the M1114 Up-Armored HMMWV.
and Air Force requirements. It can PROGRAM STATUS
be reconfigured as a troop carrier, The Up-Armored HMMWV was Fielding of ECV HMMWVs to Army,
armament carrier, shelter carrier, developed to provide increased ballistic Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and
ambulance, tube-launched, optically and blast protection, primarily for foreign military sales customers
tracked, wire-guided (TOW) missile military police, special operations, Recapitalization of older model
carrier, and scout vehicle. and contingency force use. The current HMMWVs
production variantsM1151A1 Continued product improvement in
The HMMWV has incorporated Armament Carrier, the M1152A1 response to Army requirements
technological upgrades; higher (2-door variant) Troop/Cargo/Shelter
payload capacity; radial tires; EPA Carrier, the M1165A1 (4-door variant) PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
emissions updates; commercial Command and Control Carrier and Introduce upgraded components in
bucket seats; three-point seat belts the M1167 TOW Carrierare built on response to Army requirements
and other safety enhancements. an ECV chassis, providing additional

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


137

High Mobility Multi-Purpose


Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)
Family of Vehicles

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan, Argentina, Bahrain, Bolivia,
Chad, Colombia, Djibouti, Ecuador,
Egypt, Ethiopia, Honduras, Israel, Kuwait,
Luxembourg, Mexico, Oman, Philippines,
Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania,
Tunisia, Uganda

CONTRACTORS
Prime: AM General (South Bend, IN)
Armored Doors: Demmer (Lansing, MI)
Engine: GEP (Franklin, OH)
AC Units: Acme Radiator (Goshen, IN)
Stamping: Modineer Co. Inc. (Niles, MI)
Defiance (Defiance, OH)
Transmission: GTP (Hillside, IL)
Underbody: ESA Mfg (Williamston, MI)
Alternator: C.E. Niehoff & Co.
(Evanston,IL)
Seat Belt: Conax (St. Petersburg, FL)
Aluminum Sheet: Kaiser Aluminum
(Chicago, IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


138

Improved Environmental Control Units (IECU)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Leverage current industry standards PROGRAM STATUS
Provides standardized environmental while being ruggedized for military FY0910: Low-rate initial
Recapitalization control capabilities to the Department environments production of 60,000 BTUH IECU
of Defense (DoD) in support of Are organically supportable FY0910: Engineering and
Maintenance
Are fully operable up to +125 manufacturing development (EMD)
nationalsecurity.
degrees Fahrenheit Phase I for 9,000, 18,000, 36,000
DESCRIPTION Provide quality cooling, heating, and BTUH family of IECUs
The Improved Environmental Control dehumidification for command posts; 3QFY10: Receive full materiel
Units (IECU) program consists of four command, control, communications, release and a full-rate production
standard sizes: 9,000 BTUH (British computers, intelligence, surveillance, decision for the 60,000 BTUH IECU
thermal units per hour); 18,000 BTUH; and reconnaissance (C4ISR) 4QFY10: Competitively downselect
36,000 BTUH; and 60,000 BTUH; all systems; weapon systems; and vendor and continue EMD Phase
in five configurations. Once fielded, other battlefield support equipment II for 9,000, 18,000, 36,000 BTUH
these systems will provide critical while using a non-ozone-depleting family of IECUs
cooling to vital command, control, refrigerant
communications, computers, and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
intelligence (C4I) and other military Additional improvements to the FY1011: EMD Phase II for 9,000,
electronic and support systems warfighter in theatre are the IECUs 18,000, 36,000 BTUH family of
equipment for the U.S. Army and the soft start and limited inrush current; IECUs
wider DoD. TheIECUs: nuclear, biological, and chemical FY1011: Production and fielding of
Use R-410A refrigerant, a compatible and electromagnetic 60,000 BTUH IECU
commercial industry standard interference protected interface; fully
that is compliant with all current embedded diagnostics; automatic
environmental legislative safety controls; and remote control
requirements capability for operations that require
Increase reliability and decrease users to be out of the direct area.
weight and power consumption
compared to current military SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
standard systems None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


139

Improved Environmental Control


Units (IECU)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
9,000, 18,000, 36,000 BTUH IECU
Competitor (EMD Phase I):
Hunter Defense Technologies (Solon, OH)
9,000, 18,000, 36,000 BTUH IECU
Competitor (EMD Phase I):
Mainstream Engineering (Rockledge, FL)
60,000 BTUH IECU:
DRS-ESI (Florence, KY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


140

Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION wheeled/85 tracked (normal) and 110 PROGRAM STATUS
Improves mobility by providing wheeled/90 tracked (caution) vehicles. This system has been fielded since
Recapitalization continuous roadway or raft capable of This MLC will support the Joint force 2002.
crossing military load classification 96 commanders ability to employ and 1QFY10: 2225th MRBC
Maintenance
sustain forces worldwide. The IRB is 3QFY10: 957th MRBC
(wheeled)/80 (tracked) vehicles over
used to transport weapon systems, 3QFY10: 164th RTI
non-fordable wet gaps. troops, and supplies over water when 4QFY10: 1041st MRBC
permanent bridges are not available.
DESCRIPTION Bridge capabilities are provided in PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB) water currents moving at up to 10 feet Fieldings are ongoing based on the
Float Ribbon Bridge System is issued per second. Army Requirements Prioritization List.
to the Multi-Role Bridge Company 1QFY11: 189th and 401st MRBCs
(MRBC). The U.S. Army Modified The bridge system allows two-way 2QFY11: 132nd and 551st MRBCs
Table of Organization and Equipment traffic for HMMWV-width vehicles and 3QFY11: 35th EN TNB BDE
(MTOE) authorizes MRBCs to consist increased MLC at all water current
of: 42 IRB bridge bays (30 interior speeds over those of Standard Ribbon
bays and 12 ramp bays), 42 Bridge Bridge. It is usable on increased bank
Adapter Pallets (BAP), 14 Bridge heights over 2.2 meters (7.2 feet)
Erection Boats (BEB), 14 Improved and the improved folding/unfolding
Boat Cradles (IBC), and 56 Common mechanism avoids cable breakage.
Bridge Transporters (CBT). These Partially disassembled bays are C-130
assets collectively address Tactical transportable, while are externally
Float Ribbon Bridge wet gap transportable by CH-47 and CH-53.
bridging. All components are required
to transport, launch, erect, and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
retrieve up to 210 meters of floating Other Major Interdependencies
bridge per company. The IRB can be IRB operations rely and are
configured as either a continuous full interdependent upon fully mission-
closure bridge or assembled and used capable CBTs, BAPs, IBCs, and BEB
for rafting operations. The IRB has a assets within a fully MTOE-equipped
Military Load Capacity (MLC) of 105 MRBC.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


141

Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics European Land
SystemsGermany (GDELS-G)
(Kaiserslautern, Germany)
Logistic support:
AM General (AMG) (Livonia, MI)
CBT manufacturer:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
BEB manufacturer:
FBM Babcock Marine (Isle of Wight, United
Kingdom)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


142

Improved Target Acquisition System (ITAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization the number of components, minimizing (GPS) location and a 10-digit grid SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
logistics support and equipment location to his target through the use The ITAS system is integrated on
Recapitalization requirements. Built-in diagnostics and of differential GPS. With the PAQ- the M1121/1167 HMMWV and the
improved interfaces enhance target 4/PEQ-2 Laser Pointer, ITAS can Stryker ATGM. The ITAS system is the
Maintenance
engagement performance. designate .50 caliber or MK-19 grenade guidance for the TOW missile.
engagements. The ITAS can fire all
MISSION ITASs second-generation forward- versions of the TOW family of missiles. PROGRAM STATUS
Provides long-range sensor and looking infrared sensors double Current: ITAS has been fielded to
anti-armor/precision assault fire the long-range surveillance of its The TOW 2B Aero and the TOW 19 active and 10 reserve component
capabilities, enabling the Soldier to predecessor, the M220 TOW system. Bunker Buster have an extended Infantry BCTs and seven Stryker
It offers improved hit probability maximum range to 4,500 meters. The BCTs
shape the battlefield by detecting and
with aided target tracking, improved TOW 2B Aero flies over the target Current: The Marine Corps has
engaging targets at long range with missile flight software algorithms, (off-set above the gunners aim point) begun fielding the ITAS to infantry
tube-launched, optically tracked, wire- and an elevation brake to minimize and uses a laser profilometer and and tank battalions to replace all
guided (TOW) missiles or directing the launch transients. The ITAS includes magnetic sensor to detect and fire two Marine Corps M220A4 TOW 2
employment of other weapon systems an integrated far target location downward-directed, explosively formed systems by 2012
to destroy those targets. capability (day/night sight with laser penetrator warheads into the target.
rangefinder), a position attitude TOW Bunker Buster, with its high- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION determination subsystem, a fire-control explosive blast-fragmentation warhead, Continue: ITAS total package
The Improved Target Acquisition subsystem, a lithium-ion battery power is optimized for performance against fielding
System (ITAS) is a multipurpose source, and a modified traversing urban structures, earthen bunkers, FY12: Complete Fielding
weapon system, used as a unit. Soldiers can also detect and field fortifications, and light-skinned
reconnaissance, surveillance, and engage long-range targets with TOW armor threats. ITAS operates from the
target acquisition sensor. ITAS missiles or, using the ITAS far-target High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
provides long-range anti-armor/ location (FTL) enhancement, direct Vehicle (HMMWV), the dismount
precision assault fire capabilities to the other fires to destroy them. The FTL tripod platform, and Stryker anti-tank
Armys Infantry and Stryker Brigade enhancement consists of a position guided missile (ATGM) vehicles.
Combat Teams (BCTs) as well as to attitude determination subsystem
the Marine Corps. ITAS is a major (PADS) that provides the gunner with
product upgrade that greatly reduces his own Global Positioning System

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


143

Improved Target Acquisition System


(ITAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency,
Canada

CONTRACTORS
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
Training Devices:
Intercoastal Electronics (Mesa, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


144

Installation Protection Program (IPP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization preparedness for a CBRN incident. receivers; portable radiological for one of a kind strategic assets (up
This tier consists of non-materiel and chemical detection equipment; to 3,000 square feet); and a decision
Recapitalization solutions that address military- portable biological collectors with support system of software tools and
civilian interoperability, system analysis and identification laboratory networked sensors.
Maintenance
architecture, policy, doctrine, training, support; personal dosimeters; hazard
and administration. It includes Joint marking and controlling equipment; SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
MISSION training products, planning templates, medical countermeasures for first None
Provides an effective chemical, Mutual Aid Agreement templates, and responders/receivers; mass casualty
biological, radiological, and nuclear exercise templates and scenarios. The decontamination showers and tents; PROGRAM STATUS
(CBRN) protection, detection, IPP Portal (IP3) makes these solutions mass casualty litters and support 4QFY10: Complete 18 additional
available through Joint Knowledge equipment; mass notification systems; installations
identification, and warning system for
Online (JKO) and Army Knowledge an incident management system; and
military installations. Online (AKO) at https://www.us.army. new equipment training and field PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
mil/suite/page/449823 or through a exercise support. 4QFY11: Complete 16 additional
DESCRIPTION link on the Joint Acquisition CBRN installations
The Installation Protection Program Knowledge System (JACKS) website at Tier 2 applies to installations hosting
(IPP) will allow Department of Defense https://jacks.jpeocbd.osd.mil. one-of-a-kind, critical strategic
installations to effectively protect missions or capabilities. The objective
personnel and critical operations Tier 1 focuses on enhancing an of Tier 2 is to provide installations
against a CBRN event, to effectively installations existing emergency with the capability to prepare, react,
respond with trained and equipped responder capabilities and enables and continue critical missions or
emergency personnel, and to ensure an installation to prepare, respond, capabilities without significant
installations can continue critical and transfer the mission after a interruption. The Tier 2 capability
operations during and after an attack. CBRN attack. Tier 1 installations are package includes Baseline and Tier
critical to the overall accomplishment 1 capabilities plus fixed chemical
IPP uses a tiered approach of of the national military strategy or detectors for warfare agents and toxic
government and commercial off- installations that provide combat industrial materials/chemicals; fixed
the-shelf capabilities optimized for service support. Tier 1 includes all biological collectors with analysis
an installation. The Baseline Tier Baseline Tier capabilities and adds and identification laboratory support;
provides a foundation for installations individual protective equipment radiological monitoring equipment for
to maintain a standard level of for emergency responders and first entry controllers; collective protection

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


145

Installation Protection Program


(IPP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Falls Church, VA)
AIE:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(FallsChurch, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


146

InstrumentableMultiple Integrated Laser Engagement System


(I-MILES)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Vehicles and Abrams Tanks. It interfaces The Shoulder Launched Munitions (SLM) SLM:
and communicates with CTCs and home replaces Basic MILES and provides Current: Fielded over 1,000 SLM kits
Recapitalization station instrumentation, providing better training fidelity for blue forces to NTC and over 5,400 kits Army-wide
casualty and battlefield damage AT4 weapons and threat weapons UCD/MCD:
Maintenance
assessments for after-action reporting. using opposing force RPG7 visual Current: Fielded over 12,000 CD kits
I-MILES CVTESS provides real-time modifications. Army-wide
MISSION casualty effects necessary for tactical TVS/WITS:
Provides force-on-force and force- engagement training in direct fire The Universal/Micro Controller Devices Current: Fielded approximately 2,000
on-target collective training at force-on-force and instrumented training (UCD/MCD) are low-cost, lightweight WITS kits to various home stations
home stations and Combat Training scenarios. devices used by observer controllers and 4QFY10: TVS contract award
maintenance personnel to initialize, set
Centers(CTCs).
The I-MILES Individual Weapons up, troubleshoot, reload, reset, resurrect, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION System (IWS) is a man-worn dismounted and manage participants during live IWS and SLM:
The InstrumentableMultiple Integrated system, providing event data that can force-on-force training exercises. These FY11: Full and open competition for
Laser Engagement System (I-MILES) be downloaded for use in an after action modular, self-contained devices interact recompete
is the Armys primary live simulation review and training assessment. The and provide administrative control of all UCD/MCD:
system and is composed of several IWS replaces Basic MILES IWS at home other MILES devices. FY11: Complete basis of issue
component systems. I-MILES products stations and Maneuver CTCs Army-wide. CV TESS:
include man-worn systems, combat SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES FY11: Full and open competition for
vehicle systems, target systems, The Tactical Vehicle Systems (TVS) None recompete
shoulder-launched systems, and encompasses the Wireless Independent TVS/WITS:
controller devices. The system operates Target System (WITS) and replaces the PROGRAM STATUS FY11: TVS will complete testing and
within a live, virtual, and constructive previously fielded Independent Target IWS: start fielding; WITS will complete
integrated architecture that supports System (ITS) and other Basic MILES Current: Fielded approximately fielding to outside continental United
Army and Joint exercises. currently fielded on non-turret military 14,000 IWS kits to the National States (U.S. Army, Europe, and
vehicles. TVS/WITS designs include Training Center (NTC) and over Korea)
The I-MILES Combat Vehicle Tactical Stryker variants, tactical wheeled 54,000 kits Army-wide
Engagement Simulation System vehicle configurations, and a separate MXXI CVS:
(CVTESS) provides live training devices configuration for tracked/oversized Current: Fielded over 400 systems to
for armored vehicles with fire control vehicles such as the M113 and Mine the NTC and Joint Readiness Training
systems including Bradley Fighting Resistant Ambush Protected vehicles. Center.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


147

InstrumentableMultiple Integrated
Laser Engagement System (I-MILES)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
IWS:
CUBIC Defense Sys. (San Diego, CA)
WITS:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
TVS:
CUBIC Defense Systems (San Diego, CA)
MXXI CVS:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
SLM:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
CV TESS:
In competition

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


148

Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization (JIIM) AMD forces to organize SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 2QFY10: Award of A-Kit design and
based on mission, enemy, terrain and In this Publication development contract
Recapitalization weather, troops and support available, Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team
time available, and civil considerations (E-IBCT), Joint Land Attack Cruise PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
(METT-TC). Shelters and vehicles may Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor 4QFY11: IAMD Increment 2 critical
be added to enable broader missions System (JLENS), Joint Tactical Ground design review
MISSION and a wider span of control executed Stations (JTAGS), Surface Launched 1QFY12: Defense Acquisition Board
Provides the full combat potential of at higher echelons. A network- Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air in process review
an Integrated Air and Missile Defense enabled plug and fight architecture Missile (SLAMRAAM) 1QFY15: Milestone C
capability through a network-centric and common C2 system will enable
dynamic defense design and task Other Major Interdependencies
plug and fight architecture at the
force reorganization, and provide the ABCS, AEGIS, AWACS, BCS, BMDS,
component level (e.g., launchers and capability for interdependent, network- CAC2S, C2BMC Planner, DD(X), E-2C,
sensors) and a common command and centric operations that link joint IAMD Improved Sentinel, MEADS, Patriot,
control (C2) system. protection to the supported force THAAD
scheme of operations and maneuver.
DESCRIPTION PROGRAM STATUS
Army Integrated Air and Missile This Army IAMD system-of-systems 4QFY07: Approval of two-contractor
Defense (IAMD) will enable the will enable extended range and non- competition strategy
integration of modular components line-of-sight engagements across 1QFY08: Approval of acquisition
(current and future AMD sensors, the full spectrum of aerial threats, strategy
weapons, and C2) with a common providing fire control quality data 2QFY08: Request for proposal
C2 capability in a networked to the most appropriate weapon to released
and distributed plug and fight successfully complete the mission. 4QFY08: IAMD Battle Command
architecture. This common C2, Furthermore, it will mitigate the System contract award
called the IAMD Battle Command coverage gaps and the single points of 1QFY10: Milestone B approval to
System (IBCS), will provide standard failure that have plagued AMD defense enter engineering and manufacturing
configurations and capabilities at each design in the past as well as reduce development
echelon. This allows Joint, interagency, manpower, enhance training, and 1QFY10: Down-select to single IBCS
intergovernmental, and multinational reduce operation and support costs. development prime contractor

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


149

Integrated Air and Missile Defense


(IAMD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
IBCS Development:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
A-Kit Design and Development:
Raytheon (Andover, MA; Tewksbury, MA)
SETA Support:
DMD (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


150

Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Base Shop Test FacilityVersion 3 Maintenance Support Device PROGRAM STATUS
(BSTF(V)3): Version 3 (MSD-V3): 3QFY09: NGATS Milestone C
Recapitalization The BSTF(V)3 is an off platform The latest generation MSD is a 3QFY09: NGATS Milestone C low-
automatic test system which tests lightweight, rugged, compact, man- rate initial production (LRIP)
Maintenance
electronic Line Replaceable Units portable, general-purpose, at system 4QFY09: MSD-V3 contract award
(LRU) and Shop Replaceable Units automatic tester that has a docking 1QFY10: NGATS LRIP
MISSION (SRU) of ground and aviation systems. station, detachable core tablet, and Current: MSD-V2 production and
Develops, acquires, fields, and sustains swivel and touch screen capabilities. It fielding
automatic test equipment with the Electro-Optics Test Facility (EOTF): is used to verify the operational status Current: EOTF operations and
capability to troubleshoot, isolate, and The EOTF tests the full range of Army of aviation, automotive, electronic, and support
electro-optical systems, including missile weapon systems and to isolate
diagnose faults, as well as verify the
laser transmitters, receivers, spot faulty components for immediate PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
operational status of the weapon system. trackers, forward-looking infrared repair or replacement. MSD-V3 hosts 1QFY11: MSD-V3 production and
systems, and television systems. It is Interactive Electronic Technical fielding
DESCRIPTION fully mobile with VXI instrumentation, Manuals and the Digital Logbook, is 2QFY12: NGATS first unit equipped
The Integrated Family of Test touch-screen operator interface, and an used as a software uploader/verifier
Equipment (IFTE) consists of optical disk system for test program to provide or restore mission software
interrelated, integrated, mobile, software and electronic technical to weapon systems, and supports
tactical, and man-portable systems. manuals. condition-based maintenance data
These rugged, compact, lightweight, collection and reporting. MSD-V3
general-purpose systems enable Next Generation Automatic Test supports more than 50 weapon systems
verification of the operational status Station (NGATS): and is used by more than 40 military
of weapon systems, as well as fault The NGATS is the follow-on occupational specialties.
isolation to the line-replaceable unit at reconfigurable, rapidly deployable,
all maintenance levels, both on and off expeditionary interoperable tester SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
the weapon system platform. IFTE is a and screener that supports Joint None
Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team operations, reduces logistics footprint,
(E-IBCT) Associate Program. and replaces/consolidates obsolete,
unsupportable automatic test
equipment in the Armys inventory.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


151

Integrated Family of Test


Equipment (IFTE)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MSD:
Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Chile,
Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Germany, Israel,
Iraq, Jordan, Korea, Kuwait, Lithuania,
Macedonia, Morocco, Netherlands, Oman,
Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan,
Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan,
Yemen

CONTRACTORS
MSD-V3:
Vision Technology Miltope Corp.
(HopeHull, AL)
BSTF(V)3:
Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
EOTF:
Next Generation Automatic Test Station (NGATS) Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
NGATS:
Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
DRS-TEM (Huntsville, AL)

Maintenance Support Device- Maintenance Support Device-


Version 3 (Type 1) with docking station Version 3 (Type 1) laptop only

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


152

Interceptor Body Armor

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION groin, and neck protectors. It also SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Increases warfighter lethality and has webbing attachment loops on the None
Recapitalization mobility by optimizing Soldier front and back of the vest for attaching
protection while effectively managing pouches for the Modular Lightweight PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
Load-Carrying Equipment (MOLLE). Current: In production and being
all lifecycle aspects of personal
DP provide additional protection from fielded
protectiveequipment. fragmentary and 9mm projectiles to 4QFY10: 402,400 IOTVs and
the upper arm. 943,101 ESAPI sets fielded
DESCRIPTION
Interceptor Body Armor (IBA) is During Operation Iraqi Freedom PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
modular, multiple-threat body armor combat operations, the side areas not Continue: Fielding
with components consisting of an covered by the ESAPI component of
Improved Outer Tactical Vest (IOTV); the IBA were identified by combat
two Enhanced Small Arms Protective commanders and medical personnel
Inserts (ESAPI); two Enhanced Side as a vulnerability that needed to
Ballistic Inserts (ESBI); and Deltoid be addressed. To meet this threat
Protectors (DP). and provide an increased level of
protection, the ESBI was developed.
Eleven sizes of IOTVs and five sizes
of ESAPI plates are being fielded. The Commanders have the flexibility to
basic system weight (IOTV, ESAPI, tailor the IBA to meet the specific
ESBI, size medium) is 31 pounds and mission needs or changing threat
provides increased area coverage and conditions.
greater protection. The medium IOTV,
without plates, weighs 15 pounds
and protects against fragmentation
and 9mm rounds. The ESAPI plates
provide additional protection and
can withstand multiple small arms
hits. IBA includes attachable throat,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


153

Interceptor Body Armor

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Armacel Armor (Camarillo, CA)
Ceradyne, Inc. (Costa Mesa, CA)
UNICOR Protective Materials Company
(Miami Lakes, FL)
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)
ArmorWorks (Chandler, AZ)
KDH Defense Systems (Johnstown, PA)
MSA Armor and Equipment (St.Pauls,NC)
Point Blank Solutions
(PompanoBeach,FL)
The Protective Group (Miami Lakes, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


154

Javelin

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Javelin missile and CLU together asset. The Army is the lead for this
Provides the dismounted Soldier a man- weigh 48.8 pounds. The system also joint program with the Marine Corps.
Recapitalization portable, fire-and-forget system that includes training devices for tactical Javelin is a complementary system as
is highly lethal against targets ranging training and classroom training. the lethality solution for the Armed
Maintenance
Robotic VehicleAssault (Light).
from main battle tanks to fleeting
Javelins fire-and-forget technology
targets of opportunity found in current allows the gunner to fire and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
threat environments facing the Army. immediately take cover, to move None
to another fighting position, or to
DESCRIPTION reload. The Javelin provides enhanced PROGRAM STATUS
The Close Combat Missile System lethality through the use of a tandem 3QFY07: Received full materiel
Medium (CCMS-M) Javelin is highly warhead that will defeat all known release on Block I CLU
effective against a variety of targets armor threats. It is effective against 4QFY08: Received full materiel
at extended ranges under day/night, both stationary and moving targets. release on Block I missile
battlefield obscurants, adverse This system also provides defensive Current: Missile and CLU production
weather, and multiple counter-measure capability against attacking/hovering Current: CLU total package fielding
conditions. The systems soft-launch helicopters. The performance Current: Javelin has been fielded to
feature permits firing from enclosures improvements in current production more than 95 percent of active duty
commonly found in complex urban Javelin Block I CLUs are: increased units; fielding is underway to the
terrain. Javelins modular design target identification range, increased National Guard
allows the system to evolve to meet surveillance time with new battery and
changing threats and requirements via software management of the on time, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
both software and hardware upgrades. and external RS-170 interface for video Continue: A Multipurpose Warhead
The system consists of a reusable output. The performance improvements is planned to improve lethality
command launch unit (CLU) with in current production Javelin Block against irregular/soft targets
a built-in-test (BIT), and a modular I missiles are: increased probability Continue: CLU production
missile encased in a disposable launch of hit/kill at 2,500 meters, improved Continue: CLU total package
tube assembly. The CLU provides warhead lethality, and reduced time fielding
stand alone all weather and day/night of flight. In current conflicts the Continue: Missile production
surveillance capability ideally suited CLU is being used as a stand-alone
for infantry operations in Afghanistan. surveillance and target acquisition

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


155

Javelin

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Czech Republic, France, Ireland,
Jordan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway,
Oman, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
CLU: Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson,
AZ); DRS Technologies (Dallas, TX);
Raytheon (McKinney, TX; Dallas, TX;
Garland, TX)
GEU: Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson,
AZ); Raytheon (McKinney, TX;
DallasTX; Garland, TX)
ESAF/Seeker: Lockheed Martin
(Orlando,FL; Ocala, FL)
FPA: DRS Technologies (Dallas, TX)
Propulsion Unit: Aerojet (Camden, AR)
Missile Final Assembly: Lockheed
Martin (Troy, AL)
FTT, EPBST: ECC International (Orlando,FL)
Batteries: Acme Electric (Tempe, AZ)
Precursor Whd: General Dynamics Ordnance
and Tactical Systems (Camden, AR)
Containers: Independent Pipe Products
(Grand Prairie, TX)
Test Support: Javelin Joint Venture
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


156

Joint-Automatic Identification Technology (J-AIT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION ITV to DoD through web portals PROGRAM STATUS
Manages the Radio FrequencyIn (Non-Secure Internet Protocol Router RF-ITV system added satellite data
Recapitalization Transit Visibility (RF-ITV) system, which Network [NIPRNET] and Secure feeds and other system upgrades to
provides automated, accurate, near- Internet Protocol Router Network support the warfighters in Southwest
Maintenance
[SIPRNET]) and feeds ITV data to Asia; J-AIT established RF-ITV sites
real-time data collection, aggregation,
over 23 other systems across the DoD. along the Northern Distribution
and retrieval of ITV data that allows the J-AITs RF-ITV system is the DoDs Network in Europe
warfighter to see and manage cargo system of record for all active Radio
and equipment shipments worldwide. Frequency Identification (RFID) data. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
J-AIT also provides procurement and 1QFY11: Recompete the RF-ITV II
DESCRIPTION technical services to DoD for AIT contract
Joint-Automatic Identification and RFID technology. The RF-ITV 1QFY11: Recompete the PM J-AIT
Technology (J-AIT) enables automatic system consists of three production support contract
data capture for logistics information server sites (continental United States, FY11: Transition to International
systems and in-transit visibility Germany, and Korea) and a worldwide Organization for Standardization
(ITV) of cargo and equipment for infrastructure of read sites covering RFID tags
commanders at all levels across key DoD transportation nodes. J-AIT
the Department of Defense (DoD). provides product and technical services
J-AIT supports the Defense Reform across the suite of AIT technologies by
Initiative Directive #54Logistics establishing and maintaining contracts
Transformation Plans, Objective #3, that are available to all users across
which calls for achieving total asset DoD.
visibility and accessibility through
the use of AIT. The focused logistics SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
transformation path in Joint Vision Global Combat Support SystemArmy
2020 requires the implementation of (GCSS-Army); Battle Command
AIT and like-information-systems Sustainment Support System (BCS3);
that provide accurate, actionable total Logistics Modernization Program;
asset visibility. AIT is also a critical Transportation Coordinators
component of DoD-mandated Item Automated Information for Movement
Unique Identification. J-AIT provides System II (TC-AIMS II)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


157

Joint-Automatic Identification
Technology (J-AIT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
None

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


158

Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION defense systems. The JAGM System SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides a single variant, precision- is a Joint program with the Army, Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization guided, air-to-ground weapon for use Navy, and Marine Corps and includes Rotary-wing Launcher/Rack: M299;
by Joint service manned and unmanned missiles, trainers, containers, Fixed-wing Launcher Rack: design to
Maintenance
support equipment, and launchers. be determined
aircraft to destroy stationary and
Its multi-mode seeker will provide
moving high-value land and naval robust capability in adverse weather, PROGRAM STATUS
targets. day or night, and in an obscured/ 4QFY08: Competitive technology
countermeasured environment. development contracts awarded
DESCRIPTION The warhead is designed for high 1QFY09: Integrated baseline review
The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) performance against both armored 4QFY09: System requirements
System is a precision guided munition and non-armored targets and the firing review
(PGM) for use on Joint rotary and fixed platform is interoperable with the 3QFY10: Preliminary design review
wing platforms and unmanned aerial command, control, communications,
systems (UAS) to destroy high-value computer, intelligence, surveillance PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
stationary, moving, and relocatable and reconnaissance (C4ISR) network. 1QFY11: Milestone B
land and naval targets. JAGM is the JAGM will be fielded to the Super
intended replacement for HELLFIRE, Hornet (F/A-18E/F), Apache (AH-
air-launched TOW and Maverick 64D), and the Super Cobra (AH-1Z) in
families of missiles. 2016. Follow-on fieldings of JAGM on
the Seahawk (MH-60R) and the Sky
JAGM will increase the warfighters Warrior UAS are planned for 2017.
operational flexibility by effectively
engaging a variety of stationary and Diameter: 7 inches
mobile targets on the battlefield from Weight: 108 pounds
longer ranges, including advanced Length: 70 inches
heavy/light armored vehicles, bunkers, Range: 50016,000 meters for rotary
buildings, patrol craft, command wing; 2,00028,000 meters for fixed
and control vehicles, transporter/ wing
erector (e.g., SCUD) launchers,
artillery systems, and radar/air

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


159

Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime: Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Launcher Integration: Boeing
(St.Louis,MO)
Rocket Motor: Aerojet (Gainesville, VA)
Alliant Techsystems (RocketCenter,WV)
Ordnance & Tactical Systems: General
Dynamics (St. Petersburg, FL)
Warhead: GD-OTS (Niceville, FL)
Seeker: Lockheed Martin (Ocala, FL)
CAS: Moog Inc. (East Aurora, NY)
Optical Assembly: Perkin Elmer (Ohio, OH)
CCAs Distribution: Avnet (Chandler, AZ)
TJM Electronic (Tempe, AZ)
F/W Plat Int: ATK (Woodland Hills, CA)
FPA: CMC Electronics (Mason, OH)
Comp Midbody: GD-ATP (Lincoln, NE)
Final Assembly: Lockheed Martin
(Troy,AL)
R/W Launcher: Marvin Engineering
(Inglewood,CA)
FM: Perkin Elmer (Ohio, OH)
Rocket Motor: Aerojet (Camden, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


160

Joint Battle CommandPlatform (JBC-P)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION common functionality required of Data System (AFATDS), Battle
Provides accurate, on-the-move, all platforms and tailored software Command Sustainment Support System
Recapitalization digital command and control and modules with unique capabilities for (BCS3), Distributed Common Ground
situational awareness to tactical leaders dismounted, vehicle, logistic, aviation, SystemArmy (DCGS-A), Nett Warrior
Maintenance
and command post elements. JBC-P (NW)
at all echelons to the platform and
software is designed for use over the
dismounted domains. Blue Force Tracking II transceiver and Other Major Interdependencies
associated satellite networks, as well AMDWS, ASAS, BFT-Avn, DTSS,
DESCRIPTION as ground-based networks. Other key CPOF, JTCW, JSTARS MCS, JTRS, JC2C
Joint Battle CommandPlatform enhancements include a redesigned,
(JBC-P) is a foundation for achieving intuitive user interface and faster PROGRAM STATUS
information interoperability between mapping software to quickly process 4QFY09: Milestone B
Joint warfighting elements on and display critical graphics. It will 4QFY10: Battlefield automation
current and future battlefields. As be the primary provider and user of appraisal
the next generation of Force XXI digital battle command and situational
Battle Command Brigade and Below awareness across the spectrum of PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
technology, it will be the principal operations and will allow warfighters Continue: JBC-P development and
command and control system for to more effectively and consistently testing
the Army and Marine Corps at the communicate critical information over
brigade-and-below level, providing networks that connect the most distant
users access to the tactical information and remote locations.
necessary to achieve information
dominance over the enemy. It consists SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
of computer hardware and software In this Publication
integrated into tactical vehicles, FBCB2, Joint Tactical Radio System
aircraft, and provided to dismounted Handheld, Manpack, Small Form Fit
forces. JBC-P uses a product line (JTRS HMS), Movement Tracking
approach to software development System (MTS), Warfighter Information
to save cost and promote a common NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 1,
architecture. Components include a WIN-T Increment 2, WIN-T Increment
core software module that provides 3, Advanced Field Artillery Tactical

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


161

Joint Battle CommandPlatform


(JBC-P)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Program Support:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Subject Matter Expert:
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Broad Area Announcement (BAA):
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


162

Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JBPDS can operate from a local PROGRAM STATUS
Protects the Soldier by providing controller on the front of each system, 2QFY08: Extended low-rate initial
Recapitalization rapid and fully automated detection, remotely, or as part of a network of production
identification, warning, and sample up to 26 systems. JBPDS meets all 4QFY09: Full-rate production and
Maintenance
environmental, vibration, and shock full materiel release granted
isolation of high-threat biological
requirements of its intended platforms, FY10: Continue unit fieldings
warfare agents. as well as requirements for reliability,
availability, and maintainability. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION FY11: Continue unit fieldings
The Joint Biological Point Detection The JBPDS includes both military FY13: Follow-on test and evaluation
System (JBPDS) is the first Joint and commercial global positioning,
biological warfare agent (BWA) meteorological, and network modem
detection system designed to meet capabilities. The system will interface
the broad spectrum of operational with the Joint Warning and Reporting
requirements encountered by the Network (JWARN).
services, across the entire spectrum of
conflict. The JBPDS is currently fielded on the
Stryker Nuclear, Biological, Chemical,
It consists of a common biosuite that Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV), the
can be integrated onto a service M31A2 Biological Integrated Detection
platform, shipboard, or trailer mounted System, and Navy Ships.
to provide biological detection and
identification to all service personnel. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The JBPDS is portable and can support In this Publication
bare-base or semi-fixed sites. JBPDS Nuclear Biological Chemical
will presumptively identify 10 BWAs Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)
simultaneously. It will also collect a Stryker Sensor Suites
liquid sample for confirmatory analysis
and identification. Technology refresh
efforts will focus on reducing life cycle
costs and obsolescence.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


163

Joint Biological Point Detection


System (JBPDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (Charlotte,NC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


164

Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JBSDS Increment 2 will provide 24/7 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides advanced, early-warning, near-real-time biological warfare agent Single Channel Ground and Airborne
Recapitalization standoff detection of biological warfare (BWA) detection and will network with Radio System (SINCGARS),
agents (BWA) on a stationary platform existing biological detection systems Combat Service Support Automated
Maintenance
to provide early warning (detect-to- Information Systems Interface (CAISI)
or fixed site, used in conjunction with
warn) theater-wide to limit the effects
other biological point detectors for of biological agent hazards against U.S. PROGRAM STATUS
advanced warning, reporting, and forces at the tactical and operational FY09: JBSDS Increment 2 materiel
protection. levels of war. JBSDS Increment 2 can development decision approved
be employed in support of various FY10: JBSDS Increment 1 systems
DESCRIPTION areas (e.g., fixed sites, air ports of issued for training in support of
The Joint Biological Standoff Detection debarkation/sea ports of debarkation, Increment 2 development
System (JBSDS) will be the first forward operating bases, amphibious
biological defense detect-to-warn landing sites), on platforms, or PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
capability to protect individual stationary vehicles. JBSDS Increment FY11: JBSDS Increment 2 Milestone
warfighters. 2 will pass detection information and A decision
warnings through existing and planned FY14: JBSDS Increment 2 Milestone
The JBSDS Increment 1 provides communications networks (e.g., Joint B decision
initial early warning capability against Warning and Reporting Network).
biological warfare agent attack by Commanders may integrate JBSDS
detecting aerosol clouds out to five Increment 2 outputs with information
kilometers with infrared (IR) light from intelligence, meteorological,
detection and ranging (LIDAR). JBSDS radar, medical surveillance, local area
Increment 1 operates at fixed sites or in operations, and other available assets
a stationary mode on mobile platforms. to increase force protection, mitigate
JBSDS Increment 1 system will be used the consequences of biological hazards,
for training to support Increment 2 and maximize combat effectiveness.
concept of operations development.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


165

Joint Biological Standoff Detection


System (JBSDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Increment I:
Science and Engineering Services, Inc.
(SESI) (Columbia, MD)
Increment 2:
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


166

Joint Biological Tactical Detection System (JBTDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JBTDS will ultimately support force PROGRAM STATUS
Provides a tactical, lightweight, battery- protection and maximize combat FY09: Materiel development decision
Recapitalization operated, biological warfare agent effectiveness by enhancing medical approved
(BWA) system capable of detecting, response decision making. When FY10: Development of Analysis of
Maintenance
networked, JBTDS will augment Alternatives
warning, and presumptively identifying
existing biological detection systems to
and collecting samples for follow-on provide a theater-wide, seamless array PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
confirmatory analysis. capable of detection and warning. FY11: JBTDS Milestone A decision
FY12: JBTDS Milestone B decision
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Joint Biological Tactical Detection None
Systems (JBTDS) will be a lightweight,
man-portable, battery-operated system
that detects, warns, and provides
presumptive identification and sample
collection of BWA to provide near-real-
time detection of biological attacks
and hazards in the area of operation.
It will have a local alarm and be
networked to provide cooperative
capability with reduced probability of
false alarms. JBTDS will be employed
organically at the battalion and lower
levels by non-chemical, biological,
radiological and nuclear personnel in
tactical environments across multiple
operational locations (e.g. forward
operating bases, operationally engaged
units, amphibious landing sites, air
base operations, etc).

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


167

Joint Biological Tactical Detection


System (JBTDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


168

Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the Combat Vehicle Crewman In this Publication FY10: Continued production and
Recapitalization (CVC) with flame-resistant (FR), Abrams Tank Upgrade (M1A2), fielding
percutaneous protection against Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems 1QFY10: First unit equipped
Maintenance
Upgrade, Stryker Family of Vehicles
chemical and biological (CB) agents,
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
radioactive particles, and toxic industrial Other Major Interdependencies FY1116: Continue production and
materials. Existing and co-developmental fielding
protective masks, appropriate mask
DESCRIPTION accessories, protective headwear,
The Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for hand-wear, footwear, and Army and
Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3) is a Marine Corps armored vehicles
lightweight, one-piece, flame-resistant,
chemical, and biological protective
coverall that resembles a standard
CVC coverall. The JC3 is intended to
be worn as a duty uniform; however,
it may be worn as an overgarment.
It will resist ignition and will
provide thermal protection to allow
emergency egress. The JC3 will not be
degraded by exposure to petroleum,
oils, and lubricants present in the
operational environment. The JC3
will be compatible with current and
developmental protective masks and
mask accessories, headgear, gloves/
mittens, footwear, and other CVC
ancillary equipment (e.g., Spall vest).

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


169

Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat


Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Group Home Foundation, Inc. (Belfast, ME)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


170

Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The JCAD replaces the Automatic PROGRAM STATUS
Protects U.S. forces by detecting, Chemical Agent Detector and Alarm 4QFY08: Full-rate production and
Recapitalization identifying, alerting, and reporting the (ACADA or M22), M90, and M8A1 full materiel release; fielding of the
presence of chemical warfare agent and systems. The JCAD may replace the M4 JCAD to the Services
Maintenance
Chemical Agent Monitor (CAM) and FY10: Customer testing of M4E1
toxic industrial chemical vapor.
Improved Chemical Agent Monitor JCAD
DESCRIPTION (ICAM).
The Joint Chemical Agent Detector PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(JCAD) is a pocket-size, rugged, Specific capabilities include: FY11: Continue fielding M4 JCAD to
handheld detector that automatically Instant feedback of hazard (mask the services
detects, identifies, and alarms to only or full Mission-Oriented FY11: Production verification
chemical warfare agents and toxic Protective Posture) testing of M4E1 JCAD
industrial chemical vapors. Real-time detection of nerve, blister, FY11: Production cut-in decision for
and blood agents M4E1 JCAD
The services can use the system on Stores up to 72 hours of detection
mobile platforms, at fixed sites, and data
on individuals designated to operate The M4E1 will be net-ready through
in a chemical threat area. The system implementation of the common
can operate in a general chemical chemical, biological, radiological,
warfare environment, and can and nuclear standard interface
undergo conventional decontamination
procedures by the warfighter. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
The Enhanced JCAD (M4E1 JCAD) Vehicle (HMMWV), Modular
goes into production in FY11. The Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment
M4E1 JCAD will reduce operation and (MOLLE), M113, M2 (Bradley)
sustainment costs, has an improved
user interface, and is net-ready.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


171

Joint Chemical Agent Detector


(JCAD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Smiths Detection, Inc. (Edgewood, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


172

Joint Chemical Biological Radiological


Agent Water Monitor (JCBRAWM)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JCBRAWM leverages commercial PROGRAM STATUS
Protects U.S. forces by detecting and technologies and fielded systems. FY09: Full-rate production; full
Recapitalization identifying the presence of biological JCBRAWM supplements the currently materiel release
warfare agents and radiological fielded M272 water-testing kit. FY10: Fielding to the services
Maintenance
contaminants in water supplies.
The system is being fielded to the Army PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION and Navy. FY11: Completion of fielding
The Joint Chemical Biological
Radiological Agent Water Monitor SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
(JCBRAWM) is a kit that provides a AN/PDR-77
waterborne biological and radiological
agent detection capability. The
JCBRAWM kit is one-man portable
and detects two biological toxins and
radiation (alpha and beta particles)
in drinking water. JCBRAWM
provides the ability to detect and
identify biological and radiological
contamination during three water-
monitoring missions: source site
selection/reconnaissance, treatment
verification, and quality assurance
of stored and distributed product
water. The system performs biological
detection and identification functions
with an immunoassay ticket and
radiological detection using the fielded
AN/PDR-77 (RADIAC) system and
accessory package.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


173

Joint Chemical Biological


Radiological Agent Water Monitor
(JCBRAWM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
ANP Technologies (Newark, DE)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


174

Joint Effects Model (JEM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JEM will follow an evolutionary PROGRAM STATUS
Provides enhanced operational and acquisition approach. The JEM program 3QFY10: JEM 1.0 full deployment
Recapitalization tactical-level situational awareness of will deliver a full-capability system decision (GCCS-A, GCCS-J, C2PC,
the battlespace and provides real-time in three increments, each retaining JWARN)
Maintenance
the functionality of the preceding 4QFY10: JEM 1.0 production and
hazard information during and after
increment(s). JEM will also support deployment
an incident to influence and minimize planning to mitigate the effects of
effects on current operations. weapons of mass destruction. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
FY11: Continue production and
DESCRIPTION Chemical staff sections at the deployment
Joint Effects Model (JEM) is an battalion, brigade, division, corps FY11-12: Continue JEM 2.0 software
Acquisition Category III software and echelons-above-corps levels, development and testing
program. It is the only accredited as well as Special Forces chemical
DoD computer-based tactical and recon detachments, will use JEM.
operational hazard prediction Brigade, division, and corps-level
model capable of providing common CBRN staff planners will also have a
representation of chemical, biological, reconnaissance version of JEM.
radiological, nuclear (CBRN) and toxic
industrial chemicals/toxic industrial SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
material (TIC/TIM) hazard areas and In this Publication
effects. It may be used in two variants: Global Command and Control System
as either a standalone system, or as a Army (GCCS-A), Joint Warning and
resident application on host command, Reporting Network (JWARN)
control, communications, computers,
and intelligence (C4I) systems. It is Other Major Interdependencies
capable of modeling hazards in various Battle Command Common Services
scenarios, including counterforce, (BCCS), Command Post of the Future
passive defense, accidents, incidents, (CPOF), Maneuver Control System
high-altitude releases, urban (MCS)
environments, building interiors, and
human performance degradation.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


175

Joint Effects Model (JEM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems
(San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


176

Joint Effects Targeting System (JETS)


Target Location Designation System (TLDS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION communicating with Blue Force PROGRAM STATUS
Provides significantly improved tracking systems and overhead FY08: Analysis of alternatives
Recapitalization capability to precisely and accurately surveillance assets to improve approved by Joint Studies Advisory
engage targets in a variety of situations. situational awareness. JETS is Group
Maintenance
composed of two major increments: FY09: Request for information
DESCRIPTION the Target Location Designation released to support market research
The Joint Effects Targeting System System (TLDS) and the Target Effects FY10: Materiel development decision
(JETS) is a future system that will Coordination System (TECS). FY10: Entered technology
answer the need for a very light weight, development phase
highly accurate targeting system that The TLDS will provide the dismounted
will allow target engagements with observer and JTAC with a common PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
precision munitions (e.g., Joint Direct enhanced lightweight hand-held FY13: Enter engineering and
Attack Munition [JDAM], Excalibur capability to rapidly acquire, accurately manufacturing development phase
and laser-guided weapons) and provide locate, positively identify, and precisely FY16: Initial operational capability
crucial digital connectivity to request designate targets. The TECS will
and control indirect fires and close provide a networked, automated
air support from all Joint assets. The communications capability to plan,
JETS lighter weight will allow small coordinate, and deliver fire support,
units supported by U.S. Air Force as well as provide terminal close air
Tactical Air Control Parties, Joint support guidance.
Terminal Attack Controllers (JTACs),
and forward observers to have access SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
to precision targeting even in rugged U.S. Army Portable Forward Entry
mountainous terrain. Device, U.S. Air Force Tactical Air
Control Party-Close Air Support
JETS will reduce friendly fire and System, U.S. Marine Corps StrikeLink,
collateral damage by improving the future TECS
ability of Soldiers to differentiate
between enemy combatants and
non-combatants, and to accurately
and reliably locate targets while

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


177

Joint Effects Targeting System


(JETS) Target Location Designation
System (TLDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
To Be Determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


178

Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Supporting Army prepositioned stocks Anti-terrorism/force protection
Provides high-speed, intra-theater and Joint logistics over-the-shore, capabilities
Recapitalization transport of Soldiers, military vehicles, the JHSV expands the reach and Commercially available technology
equipment, and cargo. possibilities of prepositioning both on
Maintenance
land and afloat. The JHSV provides SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION the capability to conduct operational None
The Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) maneuver and repositioning of intact
is a 103-meter (338 foot), high-speed, unit sets. This affords the combatant PROGRAM STATUS
shallow-draft catamaran capable of commander increased throughput, 1QFY09: Defense Acquisition Board
transporting 700 short tons for 1,200 survivability, and responsiveness, Milestone B
nautical miles at an average speed and improved closure rates. This 1QFY09: Contract award for detail
of 35 knots. The JHSV is capable transport transformation-enabler helps design and construction for one JHSV
of interfacing with roll-on/roll-off achieve force deployment goals and 1QFY10: Defense Acquisition Board
discharge facilities, and on/off-loading full distribution-based logistics. The program review
a combat-loaded M1A2 Abrams Tank. JHSV offers the Joint force commander 2QFY10: Contract award for detail
JHSV has an aviation flight deck to a multi-modal and multipurpose design and construction for one JHSV
support day and night air vehicle platform to support Joint operations 4QFY10: Contract award for detail
launch and recovery operations. The that complements airlift capabilities, design and construction for one JHSV
JHSV also has seating for more than thereby minimizing the need for
300 embarked Soldiers and fixed large-scale reception, staging, onward PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
berthing for approximately 100 more. movement, and integration of Soldiers, FY1216: Delivery/post acceptance
vehicles, and equipment within the trails for five JHSVs
The JHSV represents the next battlespace.
generation of Army watercraft to
support the Armys doctrinal intra- JHSV features:
theater lift mission. The JHSV provides Flight deck
flexibility and agility within a theater, Joint interoperable, command,
enabling the Joint force commander to control, communications, computers,
insert combat power and sustainment intelligence, surveillance, and
into austere ports worldwide. The JHSV reconnaissance
bridges the gap between low-speed Underway refueling
sealift and high-speed airlift. Electronic navigation
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


179

Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Detail Design and Construction:
Austal USA (Mobile, AL)
Electronic Systems:
General Dynamics Advanced Information
Systems (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


180

Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated


NettedSensorSystem(JLENS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization mission is achieved by both the fire via the Joint service networks and Other Major Interdependencies
control radar and the surveillance contributes to the development of a The JLENS System is dependent on
Recapitalization radar systems operating as an orbit; single, integrated air picture. capabilities provided by CEC, MIDS,
however, each system can operate Integrated Broadcast System (IBS).
Maintenance
autonomously and contribute to the JLENS also performs as a multirole The JLENS program is interdependent
JLENS mission. platform, enabling extended range with PAC-3, SLAMRAAM, MEADS,
MISSION communication and control linkages, and Navy Integrated Fire Control
Provides elevated, persistent, over- JLENS uses its advanced sensor and communications relay, battlefield Counter Air (NIFC-CA).
the-horizon detection, tracking, networking technologies to provide situational awareness, and can be
classification, and engagement data 360-degree wide-area surveillance configured to detect and track surface PROGRAM STATUS
and tracking of cruise missiles and moving targets. JLENS can stay aloft 2QFY08: Orbit preliminary design
of cruise missiles, aircraft, unmanned
other aircraft. Operating as an orbit, up to 30 days, providing 24-hour radar review
aerial vehicles, tactical ballistic the surveillance radar generates coverage of the assigned areas. The 1QFY09: Orbit critical design review
missiles, large caliber rockets, and information that enables the fire radar systems can be transported by 4QFY09: Platform first flight
surface-moving targets, enabling rapid control radar to readily search for, aircraft, railway, ship, or roadway. 4QFY10: Orbit 1 system integration
defensive engagement by air-directed, detect, and track low-altitude cruise begins
surface-to-air, or air-to-air missile missiles and other airborne threats. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
systems. Once the fire control radar develops In this Publication PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tracks, this information is provided Joint Tactical Radio System 2QFY11: Orbit 1 integration
DESCRIPTION to tactical data networks so other Multifunctional Information complete
The Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile network participants can assess threat Distribution System (MIDS), 1QFY12: Limited user test
Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System significance and assign systems to Medium Extended Air Defense 2QFY12: NIFC-CA demonstration
(JLENS) orbit comprises two systems: counter the threat. The fire control System (MEADS), Patriot Advanced 2QFY12: Milestone C decision
a fire control radar system and a data supports extended engagement CapabilityThree (PAC-3), Surface 3QFY13: Operational test
wide-area surveillance radar system. ranges by other network participants Launched Advanced Medium Range
Each system has a 74-meter tethered by providing high-quality track data Air-to-Air Missile (SLAMRAAM),
aerostat, a mobile mooring station, on targets that may be terrain-masked Warfighter Information Network
radar, communications payload, from surface-based radar systems. Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 1, WIN-T
processing station, and associated JLENS information is distributed Increment 2, WIN-T Increment 3
ground support equipment. The JLENS

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


181

Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile


Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
System (JLENS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Radar and Systems Engineering:
Raytheon (Andover, MA)
Surv. Radar:
Raytheon (El Segundo, CA)
Platform:
TCOM (Columbia, MD; Elizabeth City, NC)
SETA Support:
SETA (Huntsville, AL)
Engineering and Technical Support:
E&TS Ktrs (Huntsville, AL)
Software:
Raytheon Solipsys (Fulton, MD)
Software Engineering:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)

JLENS KPPs: Objective Threshold


Combat ID: Yes Yes
SIAP: 360 100
IFC: SLAMRAAM / PAC 3 / SM SLAMRAAM / PAC 3
Net-Ready: Meet all top-level IERs Meet critical top-level IERs

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


182

Joint Land Component Constructive Training Capability


(JLCCTC)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The JLCCTC is composed of two separate JLCCTC-ERF is a federation of 3QFY104QFY10: JLCCTC-MRF-W
federations: JLCCTCMulti-Resolution simulations, simulation command, v6.0 development, integration, and test
Recapitalization Federation (MRF), and JLCCTCEntity control, communications, computers, events (IE #1 & IE #2)
Resolution Federation (ERF). The MRF is and intelligence (C4I) interfaces, data 4QFY10: JLCCTC ERF v5.3 VE/ORE
Maintenance
a federated set of constructive simulation collection, and after action review tools.
software supported by commercial It simulates the ABCS to facilitate battle PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION software and commercial off-the-shelf staff collective training by requiring staff 1QFY11: JLCCTC-ERF v5.3 fielding to
Provides unit commanders and their staffs hardware that will support training of reaction to incoming digital information Ft. Bragg and Ft. Indiantown Gap
the capability to train in a simulation-based commanders and their staffs in maneuver, while executing the commanders tactical 1QFY11: JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.0
logistics, intelligence, air defense, plan. Battle staffs of higher echelons integration and test event (IE #3)
environment with accurate representations
and artillery. The federate models are may also employ JLCCTC-ERF to achieve 2QFY11: JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.0
of land warfare operations.
connected by a combination of standard specific training objectives. integration and test event (IE #4)
DESCRIPTION High-Level Architecture, Run-Time 2QFY11: JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.0
The Joint Land Component Constructive Infrastructure, Distributed Interactive SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES verification event and operational
Training Capability (JLCCTC) is a Simulation, custom interfaces, Master None readiness event
software modeling and simulation Interface and Point-to-Point. 2QFY11: JLCCTC-ERF v5.3 fielding to
capability that contributes to the Joint PROGRAM STATUS Camp Sagami and Schofield Barracks
training functional concept and the The JLCCTC-MRF is a Command Post 1QFY10: JLCCTC-MRF-W v5.5 U.S. 3QFY11: JLCCTC-ERF v5.3 fielding to
Army training mission area by providing Exercise driver designed to train Army Army 2nd Infantry Divisions (2ID) Ft. Lewis and 7th ATC Grafenwoehr;
appropriate levels of model and simulation commanders and their staffs at division WARPATH and WFX exercises with JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.0 35th ID exercise
resolution and fidelity to support unit through echelons-above-corps. It provides Korea with BCTP, Ft. Leavenworth, KS;
collective and combined arms training. a simulated operational environment 2QFY10: JLCCTC-MRF-W v5.5.1 JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.0 fielding to KBSC
JLCCTC provides multiple federations in which computer-generated forces accredited by CAC Commander 4QFY11: JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.1
configurable to any combination of models simulate and respond to the command 2QFY10: JLCCTC-ERF v5.2.1 fielding software release; JLCCTC-ERF v5.3
and simulations. The training system and control processes of the commanders to Camp Dodge National Guard brigade fielding to KBSC
meets standards for net-centric operations and staffs. The JLCCTC provides an 3QFY10: JLCCTC-MRF-W v5.5.2 1QFY12: JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.1
and key interface terrain databases to interface to Army Battle Command installed at BCTP, Ft. Leavenworth, KS integration event in preparations for YS61
support common operating environment System (ABCS) equipment, allowing 3QFY10: JLCCTC-ERF v5.2.1 fielding to exercise; JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.1 U.S. Army
and will interoperate within a live, virtual, commanders and their staffs to train with Ft. Sill, Ft. Sam Houston, and ARCENT 2nd Infantry Divisions (2ID) WARPATH
and constructive integrated architecture. their go-to-war systems. 14QFY10: JLCCTC-ERF v5.3 IT&E and WFX exercises with Korea
2QFY12: JLCCTC-MRF-W v6.1 YS61

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


183

Joint Land Component Constructive


Training Capability (JLCCTC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
General Dynamics (Fairfax, VA)
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Tapestry (San Diego, CA)
Booz Allen Hamilton (McLean, VA)
CTS:
General Dynamics (Fairfax, VA)
WARSIM:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Logistics Federate:
Tapestry (San Diego, CA)
AARS/ISM/RTM:
Booz Allen Hamilton (McLean, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


184

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION inherent and supplemental armor PROGRAM STATUS
Provides a family of vehicles, with against direct fire and improvised 1QFY09: Awarded three technology
Recapitalization companion trailers, capable of explosive device threats. development contracts
performing multiple mission roles that 2QFY09: Start of work meetings
Maintenance
Payloads: Category A3,500 pounds, 4QFY09: Preliminary design
will be designed to provide protected,
Category B4,500 pounds, Category reviews
sustained, networked mobility for C5,100 pounds 1QFY10: Critical design review
personnel and payloads across the full Transportability: InternalC-130, 3QFY10: Test readiness review
range of military operations. ExternalCH-47/53, SeaHeight- 3QFY10: Mid-point review with
restricted decks milestone decision authority
DESCRIPTION Protection: Scalable armor to provide
The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) mission flexibility while protecting the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Family of Vehicles (FoV) is a Joint force. 3QFY11: Capability Development
service and international program that Mobility: Maneuverability to enable Document approved
will be capable of operating across a operations across the spectrum of 4QFY11: Milestone B, enter
broad spectrum of terrain and weather terrain, including urban areas. engineering and manufacturing
conditions. The Joint services require Networking: Connectivity for improved development (EMD)
enhanced performance, exceeding the battlespace awareness and responsive, 1QFY12: Award two EMD contracts
existing High Mobility Multipurpose well-integrated command and control
Wheeled Vehicle, supporting the Joint for embarked forces.
Functional Concepts of Battlespace Sustainability: Reliable, maintainable,
Awareness, Force Application, maximum commonality across mission
and Focused Logistics. The JLTV role variants, onboard and exportable
is transportable by a range of lift power, and reduced fuel consumption.
assets, including rotary-wing aircraft,
to support operations across the The JLTV FoV balances the Iron
range of military operations. Its Triangle of payload, protection, and
maneuverability enables operations performance.
across the spectrum of terrain,
including urban areas, while providing SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


185

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems Land and Armaments
(Santa Clara, CA)
General Tactical Vehicle
(SterlingHeights,MI)
Lockheed Martin (Oswego, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


186

Joint Personnel Identification Version 2 (JPIv2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
Provides tactical biometrics collection In this Publication 4QFY08: DoD Biometrics
Recapitalization capability configurable for multiple Biometric Enabling Capability (BEC), Acquisition Decision Memorandum
operational mission environments, Distributed Common Ground System (ADM) directs Milestone B no later
Maintenance
Army (DCGS-A) than FY10
enabling identity superiority.
1QFY09: Biometrics in support
DESCRIPTION Other Major Interdependencies of Identity Management Initial
Joint Personnel Identification version Identity Dominance System (IDS) Capabilities document approved
2 (JPIv2) will collect, match, store, by Joint Requirements Oversight
and share biometrics (fingerprint/face/ Council
iris) data and contextual information 4QFY09: DoD Biometrics ADM
from actual or potential adversaries, directs the analysis of alternatives
host-nation personnel, and third- to be completed 2QFY10
country nationals. This system was 3QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
formerly known as Biometric Family approved name change from
of Capabilities for Full Spectrum Biometric Family of Capabilities for
Operations (BFCFSO). Full Spectrum Operations (BFCFSO)
to Joint Personnel Identification
Version 2 (JPIv2)
4QFY10: DoD Biometrics ADM
approves Biometric analysis of
alternatives final report and directs
Milestone B for JPIv2 in FY12

PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
2QFY11: JPIv2 1 Capability
development document approved
3QFY12: Milestone B, permission
to enter system development and
demonstration

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


187

Joint Personnel Identification


Version 2 (JPIv2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Program Management Support
Services:
CACI (Arlington, VA)
The Research Associates (New York, NY)
System Development and Integration:
To be determined pending Milestone B

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


188

Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION for 30,000 pounds, and an objective PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the warfighter with precision system of 60,000 pounds. The guidance 3QFY074QFY08: Testing for
Recapitalization airdrop capability, ensuring an accurate system uses military global positioning 2,000-pound variant completed
delivery of supplies to forward- satellite data for precise navigation and 1QFY08: Milestone B (permission
Maintenance
interfaces with a wirelessly updatable to enter system development and
operating forces, reducing vehicular
mission planning module on board the demonstration phase) received for
convoys, and allowing aircraft to drop aircraft to receive real-time weather 10,000-pound variant
cargo at safer altitudes and off-set data and compute multiple aerial 2QFY08: Testing began for
distances. release points. 10,000-pound variant and currently
in developmental testing
DESCRIPTION JPADS is being designed for aircraft 3QFY09: Milestone C, Type
The Joint Precision Airdrop System to drop cargo from altitudes of up to Classification-Standard, and full
(JPADS) is a precision-guided airdrop 24,500 feet mean sea level. It will materiel release approved for the
system that provides rapid, precise, release cargo from a minimum off-set of 2,000-pound variant, with production
high-altitude delivery capabilities that eight kilometers from the intended point contract
do not rely on ground transportation. of impact, with an objective capability of 4QFY09: Fielding began for
The system ensures accurate and 25 kilometers off-set. This off-set allows 2,000-pound variant and will
timely delivery in support of operational aircraft to stay out of range of many continue until FY12, assuming
missions, while providing aircraft with anti-aircraft systems. It also enables projected funding remains
increased survivability. aircraft to drop systems from a single
aerial release point and deliver them PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
JPADS integrates a parachute to multiple or single locations, thus 1QFY11: Complete testing of the
decelerator, an autonomous guidance reducing aircraft exposure time. Once 10,000-pound variant
unit, and a load container or pallet to on the ground, the precise placement 4QFY11: Milestone C (full-rate
create a system that can accurately of the loads greatly reduces the time production and fielding decision)
deliver critical supplies with great needed to recover the load as well as for 10,000-pound variant with
precision along a predetermined glide minimize exposure to ground forces. subsequent award production
and flight path. The system is being contract
developed in two weight classes: SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY12: Fielding begins for
2,000 pounds and 10,000 pounds, None 10,000-pound variant
with potential future requirements

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


189

Joint Precision Airdrop System


(JPADS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Airborne Systems North America
(Pennsauken, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


190

Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION MCU-2/P series of protective masks for PROGRAM STATUS
Enables warfighters survival in a Air Force and Navy shore-based and FY10: Production and fielding
Recapitalization chemical, biological, radiological, shipboard applications.
and nuclear (CBRN) environment by PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES FY1116: Continue production and
providing chemical, biological, toxin,
In this Publication fielding
radioactive particulate, and toxic Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat
industrial material protection. Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

DESCRIPTION Other Major Interdependencies


The Joint Service General Purpose The JSGPM will interface with
Mask (JSGPM) is a lightweight, Joint service vehicles, weapons,
protective mask system incorporating communication systems, individual
state-of-the-art technology to protect clothing and protective equipment, and
U.S. Joint forces from actual or CBRN personal protective equipment
anticipated threats. The JSGPM
will provide above-the-neck, head-
eye-respiratory protection against
CBRN threats, including toxic
industrial chemicals (TIC). The mask
component designs will be optimized
to minimize their impact on the
wearers performance and to maximize
its ability to interface with current
and future service equipment and
protective clothing. The JSGPM mask
system replaces the M40/M42 series
of protective masks for the Army and
Marine Corps ground and combat
vehicle operations, as well as the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


191

Joint Service General Purpose Mask


(JSGPM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Avon Protection Systems (Cadillac, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


192

Joint Service Transportable Decontamination System


(JSTDS)Small Scale (SS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION crew served weapons, and aircraft PROGRAM STATUS
Supports rapid and effective support equipment. Increment II 3QFY10: Full-rate production
Recapitalization decontamination of military equipment. will focus on improving overarching decision
decontamination processes, efficacy, 4QFY10: Production and fielding
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION and system capabilities for operational
The Joint Service Transportable and thorough decontamination of non- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Decontamination SystemSmall Scale sensitive equipment. FY1116: Continue production and
(JSTDS-SS) will enable warfighters fielding
to conduct thorough decontamination SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
of non-sensitive military materiel and Other Major Interdependencies
limited facility decontamination at All individual protective equipment,
logistics bases, airfields (and critical decontaminants, and detectors
airfield assets), naval ships, ports,
key command and control centers,
and other fixed facilities that have
been exposed to chemical, biological,
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN)
warfare agents/contamination and
toxic industrial materials. The
system may also support other hazard
abatement missions as necessary.
The JSTDS-SS is supported with one
accessory kit and one water blivet per
system.

The JSTDS-SS is being developed using


an incremental approach. Increment
I provides improved capabilities over
current systems to decontaminate
tactical and non-tactical vehicles,
ship exterior surfaces, aircraft,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


193

Joint Service Transportable


Decontamination System (JSTDS)
Small Scale (SS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
DRS Technologies (Florence, KY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


194

Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION to warfighters in support of regional PROGRAM STATUS
Disseminates early-warning, alerting, combatant commanders over multiple 1QFY094QFY09: Worldwide
Recapitalization and cueing information of ballistic theater communication systems. Five fielding of JTAGS upgrades:
missile attack and other infrared events JTAGS are deployed worldwide as Common Data Link Interface, Joint
Maintenance
part of the U.S. Strategic Commands Tactical Terminal, Multifunctional
to theater combatant commanders by
Tactical Event System. The Army Information Distribution System,
using real-time, direct down-linked Space and Missile Defense Command and information assurance
satellite data. Soldiers operate JTAGS, providing improvements; upgrades to all
24/7/365 support to theater operations. five JTAGS units and the JTAGS
DESCRIPTION development lab
Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS) SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
are forward-deployed, echelon-above- In this Publication PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
corps, transportable systems designed Integrated Air and Missile Defense 4QFY094QFY11: Field JTAGS
to receive, process, and disseminate (IAMD) block upgrades including:
direct down-linked infrared data from communication systems, information
space-based sensors. Ongoing product Other Major Interdependencies assurance, antennas, on-orbit SBIRS
improvement efforts will integrate U.S. Air Forces ACAT I, SBIRS satellite sensor (highly elliptical
JTAGS with the next-generation satellite program. orbit), Initial SBIRS Geosynchronous
Space Based Infrared System Orbit (GEO) satellite capability,
(SBIRS) satellites. SBIRS sensors software support, contractor
will significantly improve theater logistics support, and depot
missile warning parameters. Expected operations continue
improvements include higher quality 2QFY11: Initial SBIRS GEO testing
cueing of active defense systems, begins to demonstrate capabilities
decreased missile launch search 4QFY12: Initial SBIRS GEO
area, faster initial report times, and certification at an operational site
improved impact ellipse prediction.

JTAGS processes satellite data


and disseminates ballistic missile
warning or special event messages

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


195

Joint Tactical Ground Stations


(JTAGS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Develop, Deploy, Sustain (CLS):
Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems
(Colorado Springs, CO)
SETA support:
BAE Systems (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


196

Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne and Maritime/


Fixed Station (JTRS AMF)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION simultaneous voice, data, and video PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Provides scalable and modular communications. The system is flexible 2QFY11: Delivery begins for
Recapitalization networked radio frequency-installed enough to provide point-to-point and AMF Small Airborne engineering
communication capability to meet Joint netted voice and data, whether it is development models (EDM)
Maintenance
between Service Command Centers, 1QFY12: Delivery begins for
service requirements through two
Shipboard Command Centers, Joint M/FEDM
Joint tactical radio sets with common Operations Centers or other functional
ancillary equipment for both radio form centers (e.g., intelligence, logistics).
factors and aircraft, as well as maritime
and shore sites. AMF will assist U.S. Armed Forces
in the conduct of prompt, sustained,
DESCRIPTION and synchronized operations,
The Joint Tactical Radio System allowing warfighters the freedom to
Airborne and Maritime/Fixed achieve information dominance in all
Station (JTRS AMF) will provide a domainsland, sea, air, and space.
four-channel, full duplex, software-
defined radio integrated into airborne, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
shipboard, and fixed-station platforms, In this Publication
enabling maritime and airborne Joint Tactical Radio System Ground
forces to communicate seamlessly Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR); Joint
and with greater efficiency through Tactical Radio System Handheld,
implementation of five initial Manpack, Small Form Fit (JTRS HMS);
waveforms (i.e., Ultra-High Frequency Joint Tactical Radio System, Network
Satellite Communications, Mobile User Enterprise Domain (JTRS NED)
Objective System, Wideband Network
Waveform, Soldier Radio Waveform, Other Major Interdependencies
and Link 16) providing data, voice, Multiple aircraft, maritime, and fixed
and networking capabilities. JTRS site platforms
AMF is software-reprogrammable,
multi-band/multi-mode capable, mobile PROGRAM STATUS
ad-hoc network capable, and provides 1QFY10: Critical design review

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


197

Joint Tactical Radio System


Airborne and Maritime/Fixed Station
(JTRS AMF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Lockheed Martin (San Diego, CA;
Alexandria, VA)
Subcontractors:
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Northrop Grumman (San Diego, CA)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
Raytheon (Fort Wayne, IN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


198

Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION use the frequency spectrum within PROGRAM STATUS
Develops, demonstrates, certifies, the two megahertz to two gigahertz 2QFY09: Engineering development
Recapitalization fields, and sustains an affordable, frequency range. The radios are model (EDM) radio deliveries began;
multi-channel networking radio Software Communications Architecture test readiness review
Maintenance
compliant with increased bandwidth 3QFY09: EDM production and
system that meets DoD ground vehicle
through future waveforms. GMR are deliveries completed; production
digitization and tactical communication interoperable with more than four qualification test began; security
requirements. legacy radio systems and the JTRS verification tests began
family of radios (HMS, JEM, and AMF). 3QFY10: System integration test
DESCRIPTION began; security verification test
Joint Tactical Radio System Ground SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES concluded; production qualification
Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR) are a In this Publication test concluded; NSA approval to
key enabler of the DoD and Army Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne enter limited user test
Transformation and will provide and Maritime/Fixed Station (JTRS
critical communications capabilities AMF); Joint Tactical Radio System PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
across the full spectrum of Joint Handheld, Manpack, Small Form 1QFY11: Limited user test
operations. Fit (JTRS HMS); Single Channel 2QFY11: Conclude Milestone C
Ground and Airborne Radio System decision approving entry into the
Through software reconfiguration, (SINCGARS) production and deployment phase
JTRS GMR can emulate current force
radios and operate new Internet Other Major Interdependencies
protocol-based networking waveforms Enhanced Position Locating Reporting
offering increased data throughput System (EPLRS), High Frequency
utilizing self-forming, self-healing, and (HF), Network Enterprise Domain
managed communication networks. (NED), Satellite Communications
The GMR route and retransmit (SATCOM), Soldier Radio Waveform
functionality links various waveforms (SRW), Ultra-High Frequency (UHF),
in different frequency bands to form Wideband Networking Waveform
one internetwork. GMR can scale (WNW)
from one to four channels supporting
multiple security levels and effectively

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


199

Joint Tactical Radio System Ground


Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
Hardware:
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


200

Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack, and


SmallFormFit(JTRSHMS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Embedded Small Form Fit versions PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the warfighter with a software of HMS will be used for Joint Service 3QFY09: Phase 1 limited user test
Recapitalization re-programmable, networkable multi- Ground Sensor Networks, intelligent (LUT)
mode system-of-systems capable of munitions deployment and usage,
Maintenance
unmanned vehicles, and other platform PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
simultaneous voice, data, and video
applications, including support for the 3QFY11: Phase 2 LUT
communications and meets the radio Early-Infantry Brigade Combat Team 1QFY12: Phase 2 Milestone C
requirements for Soldiers and small and Ground Soldier System technical decision
platforms, such as missiles and ground performance and integration.
sensors.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION In this Publication
The Joint Tactical Radio System Single Channel Ground and Airborne
(JTRS) Handheld, Manpack, and Radio System (SINCGARS); Nett
Small Form Fit (HMS) is a materiel Warrior (NW)
solution meeting the requirements of
the Office of the Assistant Secretary Other Major Interdependencies
of Defense for Networks and SRW, HF, UHF SATCOM, MUOS, IMS;
Information Integration/DoD Chief UGS using SRW and various legacy WF
Information Officer for a Software mixes
Communications Architecture (SCA)
compliant hardware system hosting
SCA-compliant software waveforms
(applications). HMS is an Acquisition
Category ID program that encompasses
specific requirements to support
Special Operations Command, Army,
Marine Corps, Air Force, and Navy
communication needs.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


201

Joint Tactical Radio System


Handheld, Manpack, and Small
Form Fit (JTRS HMS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
MP, 2 CH HH, SFFs -A, -B, -K, AN/PRC-
154 (Rifleman Radio):
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
2 CH HH, SFF-B, AN/PRC-154 (Rifleman
Radio):
Thales (Clarksburg, MD)
SFF-A, -D, -K:
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
MP, SFF-D:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
PM Support:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


202

Joint Tactical Radio System Multifunctional Information


Distribution System (JTRS MIDS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Program includes the MIDSLow MIDS-LVT, but also accommodates future 1QFY10: Milestone Decision Authority
Volume Terminal (MIDS-LVT) and the technologies and capabilities. MIDS approval of MIDS JTRS limited
Recapitalization MIDS JTRS Terminal. JTRS improvements over MIDS-LVT production and fielding of 41 terminals
include Link-16 enhanced throughput for USN (F/A-18E/F) and USAF
Maintenance
MIDS-LVT is the foundation of the MIDS (ET), Link-16 frequency remapping (FR), (JSTARs)
international cooperative program with and programmable crypto. MIDS JTRS 2QFY10: MIDS-LVT Lot 11 contract
MISSION Joint service participation. MIDS-LVT accommodates incremental delivery of the award bringing total of MIDS-LVT
Provides real-time information and provides interoperability with NATO advanced JTRS waveforms through MIDS terminals on contract or delivered to
situational awareness to the Joint and users, significantly increasing force JTRS platform capability packages, such 6,000+
effectiveness and minimizing hostile as the Joint Airborne NetworkingTactical 2QFY10: MIDS JTRS receives National
coalition warfighter in the airborne,
actions and friend-on-friend engagements. Edge (JAN-TE) capability. Security Agency Type 1 certification
ground, and maritime domains through
Three principal configurations of the 3QFY10: MIDS JTRS developmental
secure, scalable, modular, wireless, terminal are in production and use an SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES test complete
and jam-resistant digital data and voice open-system, modular architecture. MIDS- In this Publication 3QFY10: MIDS JTRS operational test
communications. LVT(1) provides a Link-16 capability to Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne and readiness review complete
Navy and Air Force platforms, which were Maritime/Fixed Station (JTRS AMF); 4QFY10: MIDS JTRS initial operational
DESCRIPTION previously unable to use the Joint Tactical Joint Tactical Radio System, Network test and evaluation (IOT&E) conducted
The Joint Tactical Radio System Information Distribution System (JTIDS) Enterprise Domain (JTRS NED)
Multifunctional Information due to space and weight limitations. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Distribution System (JTRS MIDS) is MIDS-LVT(2) is an Army variant of MIDS Other Major Interdependencies 1QFY11: MIDS JTRS IOT&E report
a secure, scalable, modular, wireless, that is a functional replacement for the Link-16, TACAN, JAN-TE Waveforms; issued by commander, operational test
and jam-resistant digital information JTIDS Class 2M terminal. MIDS-LVT(3), multiple Joint and coalition airborne, and evaluation force
system currently providing Tactical also referred to as MIDS Fighter Data ground, and maritime platforms 2QFY11: MIDS JTRS IOT&E report
Air Navigation (TACAN), Link-16, Link (FDL), is a reduced-function terminal issued by director, operational test and
and J-Voice to airborne, ground, for the Air Force. PROGRAM STATUS evaluation
and maritime joint and coalition 1QFY10: MIDS Program Memorandum 2QFY11: MIDS JTRS initial
warfighting platforms. MIDS provides MIDS JTRS is a Software Defined Radio of Understanding Extension to 2021 operational capability with the USN
real-time and low-cost information (SDR) that is compliant with the JTRS signed between the U.S., France, Italy, F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
and situational awareness. The MIDS Software Communications Architecture Germany, and Spain 2QFY11: MIDS JTRS full production
(SCA). MIDS JTRS maintains the Link- and fielding decision
16, J-Voice, and TACAN functionality of

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


203

Joint Tactical Radio System


Multifunctional Information
Distribution System (JTRS MIDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MIDS-LVT:
1,881 terminals (internationally)
JTRS MIDS:
None

CONTRACTORS
ViaSat Inc. (Carlsbad, CA)
Data Link Solutions:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
EuroMIDS (Paris, France)
Thales (France)
Selex (Italy)
EADS (Germany)
Indra (Spain)

MIDS Core Terminal MIDS-LVT WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


204

Joint Tactical Radio System, Network Enterprise Domain


(JTRSNED)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization waveforms (Wideband Networking edge. In addition, NED provides PROGRAM STATUS
Waveform [WNW], Soldier Radio network management and network FY10: Legacy WF/SRW final
Recapitalization Waveform [SRW], and Mobile User services software for the planning, qualification test (FQT) completed
Objective System [MUOS]Red Side execution, configuration, and 1QFY10: HF FQT completed
Maintenance
Processing); Network Enterprise monitoring of the JTRS radios 1QFY10: WNW FQT completed
Services (NES) including the JTRS and networks, including route 1QFY10: SRW Delta FQT on HMS
MISSION WNW Network Manager (JWNM), and retransmit services between completed
Develops portable, interoperable, Soldier Radio Waveform Network networking and legacy waveforms. 2QFY10 JWNM FQT completed
mobile ad-hoc networking waveforms/ Manager (SRWNM), JTRS Enterprise
applications, providing the combatant Network Manager (JENM), and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Enterprise Network Services (ENS). In this Publication 1QFY11: Complete ENS Phase 1
commanders with the ability to
JTRS GMR; JTRS AMF; JTRS MIDS; (SoftINC) FQT
command, control, and communicate JTRS NED manages the development JTRS HMS; Single Channel Ground and 1QFY11: Complete SRWNM FQT
with their forces via secure voice, video, of Software Waveforms targeted to Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) 2QFY11: Complete MUOS FQT
and data media forms during military operate on platforms such as the 3QFY11: Complete ENS Phase 1
operations. Ground Mobile Radio (GMR), the Other Major Interdependencies (TDC) FQT
Handheld, Manpack, and Small Form Enhanced Position Location and 4QFY11: Complete JENM Phase
DESCRIPTION Fit (HMS) radios, the Airborne and Reporting System (EPLRS), MUOS, 2FQT
The Joint Tactical Radio System, Maritime/Fixed Site (AMF) radios, Link16 4QFY12: Complete JENM Phase
Network Enterprise Domain and the Multifunctional Information 3FQT
(JTRS NED) is responsible for Distribution System (MIDS) radios.
the development, sustainment, The JTRS NED software development
and enhancement of interoperable and sustainment efforts leverage
networking and legacy software commercial technology and employ
waveforms. NEDs product line consists open-system architecture to better
of: 14 legacy waveforms (Bowman ensure interoperability and portability
VHF, COBRA, EPLRS, Have Quick of each waveform. JTRS NED develops
II, HF SSB/ALE, HF 5066, Link 16, networking waveforms to support
SINCGARS, UHF DAMA SATCOM wireless networking with Global
181/182/183/184, UHF LOS, VHF Information Grid connectivity for
LOS); three mobile ad-hoc networking deployed warfighters at the tactical

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UNITED STATES ARMY


205

Joint Tactical Radio System,


Network Enterprise Domain
(JTRS NED)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
MUOS:
Lockheed Martin (Sunnyvale, CA)
SRW, SRWNM, ENS Phase 1 (SoftINC):
ITT (Fort Wayne, IN)
PM Support:
SRA (Fairfax, VA)
JWNM, WNW, JENM:
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
ENS Phase 1 (TDC):
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


206

Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION reports, Allied Tactical Publication PROGRAM STATUS
Accelerates the warfighters response (ATP)45 hazard plots, and integrates 4QFY10: JWARN 1.0 full
Recapitalization to a chemical, biological, radiological, with the Joint Effects Model (JEM) deployment decision (GCCS-J,
or nuclear (CBRN) attack by providing to provide detailed hazard prediction GCCS-A, C2PC, JEM)
Maintenance
plume overlays. JWARN automates the 4QFY10: Production and deployment
Joint forces the capability to report,
recording and archiving of exposure begins
analyze, and disseminate detection, data for effective force protection. 4QFY10: JWARN 1.0 initial
identification, location, and warning It reduces the time from incident operational capability
information. observation to warning to within
two minutes, enhances warfighters PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION situational awareness throughout the FY11: Continue production and
The Joint Warning and Reporting area of operations, and supports battle deployment
Network (JWARN) is a computer- management tasks. FY11: MCS/CPOF/BCCS and
based application that networks CBRN FBCB2/JCR interoperability testing
sensors directly with Joint and service JWARNs component interface device 1QFY11: JWARN 1.0 GCCS-M
command and control systems to connects to the sensors, and relays operational testing
collect, analyze, identify, locate, and warnings to C4ISR systems via
report information on CBRN activity advanced wired or wireless networks.
and threats, and to disseminate
that information to decision-makers SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
throughout the command. In this Publication
Global Command and Control System
JWARNs Mission Application Software Army (GCCS-A), Joint Effects Model
(JMAS) will be compatible and (JEM), Force XXI Battle Command
integrated with Joint service command, Brigade and Below (FBCB2)
control, communications, computers,
intelligence, and surveillance Other Major Interdependencies
reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems. It Battle Command Common Services
will generate warning and dewarning (BCCS), Command Post of the Future
information to affected forces via (CPOF), Maneuver Control System
nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) (MCS)

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UNITED STATES ARMY


207

Joint Warning and Reporting


Network (JWARN)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Information
Technology (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


208

Kiowa Warrior

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The Army is currently installing 3QFY10: Contract awarded
modifications to address safety, for Single Channel FADEC 1QFY11: Kiowa Warrior CASUP
Recapitalization obsolescence, and weight to keep the enhancements Milestone B briefing
aircraft viable through its projected 3QFY10: Inducted 7th CAT-B 2QFY11: First production
Maintenance
retirement date of FY25. Additionally, aircraft for restoration to flyable modifications of AN/AAR-57
the Army has started an aircraft status Common Missile Warning System-
MISSION replacement program to address Kiowa 3QFY10: Kiowa Warrior Cockpit and equipped Kiowa Warrior aircraft
Performs aerial reconnaissance and Warrior losses. Sensor Upgrade Program (CASUP) 2QFY11: Induct 9th CAT-B aircraft
security in support of ground maneuver system requirement review for restoration to flyable status (last
forces. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY10: Completed delivery of lot aircraft)
In this Publication 12 Safety Enhancement Program 2QFY11: Award production contract
DESCRIPTION 2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra), (SEP) aircraft (27 aircraft) for Kiowa Warrior cabins (used to
The Kiowa Warrior is a single-engine, Hellfire Family of Missiles 4QFY10: Contract awarded for build wartime replacement aircraft)
two-man, lightly armed reconnaissance improved cabin heater 3QFY11: Kiowa Warrior CASUP
helicopter with advanced visionics, Other Major Interdependencies 4QFY10: First induction for SEP lot critical design review
navigation, communication, weapons, M3P .50 Caliber Machine Gun, various 13 (30 aircraft) 3QFY11: Begin structural
and cockpit integration systems. Its communications, navigation, and 4QFY10: Inducted 8th CAT-B modifications on first Kiowa Warrior
mast-mounted sight houses a thermal weapons systems aircraft for restoration to flyable CASUP test aircraft
imaging system, low-light television, status (one remains) 3QFY11: Delivery of pilot Kiowa
and a laser rangefinder/designator PROGRAM STATUS 4QFY10: Begin fielding floor armor Warrior cabin from Bell Helicopter;
permitting target acquisition and FY10: Reset 53 aircraft re-deploying induct into final assembly at CCAD
engagement at standoff ranges and from Operation Iraqi Freedom/ PROJECTED ACTIVITIES 4QFY11: Begin fielding single
in adverse weather. The navigation Operation Enduring Freedom 1QFY11: Induct pilot aircraft channel FADEC safety improvements
system can convey precise target FY10: Fielded 85 condition-based for Kiowa Warrior sustainment 4QFY11: Complete SEP lot 13;
locations to other aircraft or maintenance sets maintenance program at Corpus program completion (last lot of 30
artillery via its advanced digital 2QFY10: Inducted 6th CAT-B Christi Army Depot (CCAD) aircraft)
communications system. It provides aircraft for restoration to flyable 1QFY11: Begin fielding Level II
anti-armor and anti-personnel status Manned Unmanned Teaming to first
capabilities at standoff ranges. 2QFY10: Contract awarded for squadron (first unit equipped)
engineering services

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UNITED STATES ARMY


209

Kiowa Warrior

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Taiwan

CONTRACTORS
Bell Helicopter Textron (Fort Worth, TX)
DRS Optronics, Inc. (Palm Bay, FL)
Rolls Royce Corp. (Indianapolis, IN)
Honeywell (Albuquerque, NM)
Elbit Systems of America (Fort Worth, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


210

Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
Increases the cargo carrying capability High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Current: Continue fielding to Army,
Recapitalization of the High Mobility Multipurpose Vehicle (HMMWV) Family of Vehicles; Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). HMMWV is the prime mover for this customers
Maintenance
trailerthe trailer is the mobile
DESCRIPTION platform for various weapons and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Light Tactical Trailer (LTT) is the combat support systems. FY11: No significant activities
companion trailer for the HMMWV.
It is a general purpose cargo trailer
offering significant improvement
over the M101 series trailers it
replaces. Current improvements
include an enhanced brake actuator,
steel draw bar, improved off-road
mobility, stability, and reliability.
The LTT meets cross-country speed
requirements when coupled to the
HMMWV. The LTT is produced in three
configurations: the M1101 (Light), the
M1102 (Heavy), and the LTT Chassis.

Gross vehicle weight: M1101 is


3,400 pounds, M1102 is 4,200 pounds
Maximum payload weights: M1101 is
1,500 pounds, M1102 is 2,500 pounds,
LTT Chassis is 2,700 pounds

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


211

Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Kenya, Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
Silver Eagle Manufacturing Co. (SEMCO)
(Portland, OR)
Schutt Industries (Clintonville, WI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


212

Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A Lakota

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization It has seating for two pilots and In addition to the MEDEVAC and hoist PROGRAM STATUS
up to five passengers or two NATO configuration, the UH-72A is also FY09: 128 aircraft on contract, with
Recapitalization standard litters, crew chief, and being fielded in a VIP, National Guard 41 to be delivered
medical attendant. Two Turbomeca Homeland Security and a Combined 2QFY09: First fielding of MEDEVAC
Maintenance
Arriel 1E2 engines, combined with Training Center configuration. configuration to National Guard
an advanced four-blade rotor system, 3QFY09: Field first aircraft overseas
MISSION provide lift and speed in a wide range The United States Navy Test Pilot to National Guard units
Provides a flexible response to homeland of operating conditions, including high- School (TPS) ordered five UH-72A 4QFY09: Initiated retrofit of ARC-231
security requirements such as search altitude and single-engine operation aircraft in 2008. 1QFY10: 4 Navy TPS aircraft
and rescue operations, reconnaissance capability. Access to the aircraft is delivered
through sliding doors on each side of Max gross weight: 7,903 pounds 2QFY10: Completed delivery of 100
and surveillance, and medical
the cabin or through the wide rear Max cruise airspeed: 142 knots aircraft
evacuation (MEDEVAC) missions. clamshelldoors. Engines (2 each): Turbomeca Arriel 1E2 3QFY10: Aircraft fielded to Europe,
Internal/external load: 1,107 pounds Kwajalein
DESCRIPTION Crew seating comprises longitudinally Crew: Two pilots, one crew chief, up to 4QFY10: Completed delivery of 123
The UH-72A Lakota Light Utility adjustable, energy-absorbing pilot 5 passengers aircraft, first three years of production
Helicopter (LUH) will conduct general and copilot seats with head rest and Range at sea level: 303 nautical miles Current: Total of 72 aircraft delivered
support utility helicopter missions and four-point safety belts with automatic Endurance: 3.3 hours, no reserve to units in Active Army and National
execute tasks as part of an integrated locking system. The passenger seats Guard; receiving mission equipment
effort with other Joint services, have a four-point restraint harness. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES packages, including vent kit,
government agencies, and non- In this Publication Environmental Control Unit, medical
governmental organizations. The LUH The aircraft is equipped with modern Air Warrior (AW), Black Hawk/UH-60 equipment storage kit, VIP kit, ARC-
is to be deployed only to non-combat, communication and navigation 231 military radio, and equipment to
non-hostile environments. The UH-72A avionics. The cockpit is arranged and Other Major Interdependencies support training operations/National
is a variant of the American Eurocopter lit to be compatible with night vision ARC-231, C-5 (RERP), C-17, Civil Guard counter-drug mission
U.S.-produced EC-145. goggles. Included in the avionics are Comms, GATM, OH-58A/C, UH-1,
a radar altimeter, full autopilot, and Sealift, USCG Comms, VHF/UHF PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The UH-72A is a twin-engine, a unique First Limit Indicator that Comms 4QFY11: Completed delivery of 180
single-main-rotor commercial utility further simplifies engine monitoring aircraft
helicopter of the three- to six-ton class. and reduces pilot workload.

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UNITED STATES ARMY


213

Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-


72A Lakota

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Airframe:
American Eurocopter (Columbus, MS;
Grand Prairie, TX)
CLS:
Helicopter Support, Inc. (Trumbull, CT)
American Eurocopter (Grand Prairie, TX)
Training:
American Eurocopter (Grand Prairie, TX)
CFSR:
American Eurocopter (Grand Prairie, TX)
Program Management:
EADS North America (Huntsville, AL;
Arlington, VA)
Helicopter Support, Inc. (Huntsville, AL;
Grand Prairie, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


214

XM806Lightweight .50 cal Machine Gun

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION improved through a manual safety and PROGRAM STATUS
Provides a lighter, more accurate a quick change barrel that eliminates 4QFY08: Milestone B
Recapitalization .50 caliber machine gun to reduce the requirement for the operator to 4QFY08: Initiated engineering and
warfighter load, provide for more adjust headspace and timing. manufacturing development phase
Maintenance
3QFY09: Completed three weapon
rapid emplacement and displacement,
The weapon is ideal for light infantry prototypes for engineering testing
increase dismounted portability, and and special operations forces, as 3QFY09: Contract awarded to build
reduce the strain on vehicle mounts. well as for vehicles demanding more government-test assets
lethality but lighter weight.
DESCRIPTION PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The XM806 Lightweight .50 Caliber SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY11: Development tests and
Machine Gun weighs approximately None limited user tests
one-half as much as a similarly
configured M2 and reduces the
recoil by at least 60 percent. This
lighter weight permits easy dismount
and ground transportability when
necessary, and the reduced recoil
permits the mounting of an optic for
greater lethality through increased
first-burst accuracy and control.

The XM806 can fire all of the .50


caliber service ammunition in the
current inventory and is capable
of defeating personnel and lightly
armored targets out to 2,000 meters.
It is designed to augment the M2
.50 caliber machine gun, but can
also be used to replace the M2 in
select operational locations. Safety is

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


215

XM806Lightweight .50 cal


Machine Gun

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (Charlotte,NC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


216

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW155)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Software upgrades incorporating the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides direct, reinforcing, and general Enhanced Portable Inductive Artillery In this Publication
Recapitalization artillery fire support to maneuver forces. Fuze Setter and the Excalibur Platform Advanced Field Artillery Tactical
Integration Kit hardware give the Data System (AFATDS); Artillery
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION M777A2 the capability to program and Ammunition; Excalibur (XM982);
The Lightweight 155mm Howitzer fire the Excalibur precision-guided Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles
(M777A2) will replace all M198 munition. (FMTV); Precision Guidance Kit
155mm howitzers in operation with the (PGK); Single Channel Ground and
Army and Marine Corps. The extensive Specifications for the M777A2 Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS)
use of titanium in all its major Excalibur-compatible howitzer are:
structures makes it 7,000 pounds Weight: 10,000 pounds Other Major Interdependencies
lighter than its predecessor, the M198, Emplace: Less than three minutes Army Software Blocking, Defense
with no sacrifice in range, stability, Displace: Two to three minutes Advanced Global Positioning System
accuracy, or durability, and it can be Maximum range: 30 kilometer (rocket Receiver
dropped by parachute. The M777A2s assisted round)
independent suspension, smaller Rate-of-fire: Four rounds per minute PROGRAM STATUS
footprint, and lower profile increase maximum; two rounds per minute 4QFY10: Full-rate production with a
strategic deployability and tactical sustained total of 640 systems delivered to the
mobility. The system uses numerous Ground mobility: Family of Medium Army and Marine Corps (265/375
improvements to enhance reliability Tactical Vehicles (FMTV), Medium respectively)
and accuracy, and significantly Tactical Vehicle Replacement, five-ton
increase system survivability. trucks PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Air mobility: Two per C-130; six per C-17; FY11: Continue full-rate production
The M777A2 is jointly managed; the 12 per C-5; CH-53D/E; CH-47D; MV-22 and fielding to Army, Marine Corps,
Marine Corps led the development 155mm compatibility: All fielded and and National Guard units
of the howitzer and the Army led developmental NATO munitions FY11: Continue Army Force
the development of Towed Artillery Digital and optical fire control: Self- Generation Reset and start depot
Digitization, the digital fire control locating and pointing; digital and voice pilot overhaul
system for the M777A2. communications; self-contained power
supply

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UNITED STATES ARMY


217

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer


(LW155)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia and Canada

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
BAE Systems (Hattiesburg, MS; Barrow-
in-Furness, United Kingdom)
Cannon Assembly (GFE):
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)
Titanium Castings:
Precision CastParts Corp. (Portland, OR)
Body:
Triumph Structures (Chatsworth, CA)
Castings:
Howmet Castings (Whitehall, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


218

Lightweight Laser Designator/Rangefinder (LLDR) AN/PED-1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION more than 3 kilometers. During day PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the Soldier the ability to operations, targets can be recognized FY10: Fielded to units supporting
Recapitalization accurately locate and designate at more than 7 kilometers. The LDM Operation Enduring Freedom and
targets for engagement with precision emits coded laser pulses compatible Operation Iraqi Freedom
Maintenance
with DoD and NATO laser-guided FY10: Follow-on delivery order
munitions.
munitions. Targets can be designated awards
DESCRIPTION at ranges greater than 5 kilometers.
The AN/PED-1 Lightweight Laser PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Designator Rangefinder (LLDR) is a Weight (total system): 35 pounds FY11: Begin fielding LLDR 2 in
man-portable, modular target locator (LLDR 1) and less than 30 pounds accordance with Headquarters,
and laser designation system. The (LLDR 2) for a 24-hour mission Department of the Army G8
primary components are the Target Laser designator range: > 5 priorities
Locator Module (TLM) and the Laser kilometers FY11: Follow-on procurement of a
Designator Module (LDM). Power: LLDR1 one BA-5699 or one high accuracy version of LLDR to
Single Channel Ground and Airborne target for GPS guided munitions
The TLM incorporates a thermal Radio System (SINCGARS) battery
imager, day camera, electronic without use of laser designator; LLDR2
display, eye-safe laser rangefinder, one SINCGARS battery (BA-5390 or
digital magnetic compass, Selective BA-5590)
Availability/Anti-Spoofing Module
Global Positioning System (SAASM SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
GPS), and digital export capability. None

The LLDR 2 TLM has an integral


capability that enables the operator to
see the laser designator spot during
missions. The TLM can be used as a
stand-alone device or in conjunction
with the LDM. At night and in obscured
battlefield conditions, the operator
can recognize vehicle-sized targets at

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UNITED STATES ARMY


219

Lightweight Laser Designator Range


Finder (LLDR) AN/PED-1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Laser Systems
(Apopka, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


220

Line Haul Tractor

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Brake system: Anti-lock brake system Gross vehicle weight: 52,000 pounds Corps units, primarily the construction
(ABS) Fifth-wheel capacity: two-inch, 30,000 and combat support companies and
Recapitalization Towing speed: 65 miles per hour with pounds the combat heavy battalions. It has
full payload Diagnosis: Electronic an electronic diesel engine, automatic
Maintenance
Engine: Detroit Diesel S60 (500 horse Brake system: ABS electronic transmission, ABS, and is
power, 1650 pound-foot torque, DDEC IV Towing speed: 65 miles per hour with capable of operating at speeds up to 55
MISSION engine controller) full payload miles per hour on flat terrain.
Supports combat service and support Transmission: Allison HD4500SP (six- Engine: Detroit Diesel S60 (430 horse
units with transportation of bulk speed automatic) power, 1,450 pound-foot torque, DDEC IV SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
petroleum products, containerized cargo, engine controller) In this Publication
The M915A5 truck is equipped with a Transmission: Allison HD5460P (six- Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense
general cargo, and bulk water.
two-passenger cab and has an updated speed automatic) with power take-off Elevated Netted Sensor (JLENS)
DESCRIPTION power distribution module, upgraded wiring
The M915A5 Truck Tractor is a 6x4 harnesses, and a Roll Stability Control The M916A3 Light Equipment Transport Other Major Interdependencies
semi-tractor used to perform the Line Haul system. Auxiliary power connections have (LET) is a 6x6 tractor with 68,000-pound M872, 34-ton flatbed semi-trailer;
mission. The M915A5 is a block upgrade been added to supply emerging systems and gross vehicle weight tractor with M1062A1, 7,500-gallon semi-trailer;
of the M915A3 system, incorporating added command, control, communications, 3-1/2-inch, 40,000-pound capacity, M967/M969, 5,000-gallon semi-trailer
enhanced suspension and power train computers, and intelligence communication 45,000-pound winch for recovery and
components. This block upgrade allows the systems. A pair of 60-gallon fuel tanks transport and compensator fifth wheel. It PROGRAM STATUS
M915A5 to readily accept armor packages increase fuel capacity by 20 gallons to has an electronic diesel engine, automatic FY10: Full production continues in
without reducing mission capability. extend driving range. The cab is ten inches electronic transmission, ABS and is support of Army operations in the
wider and extends 34 inches behind the capable of operating at speeds up to 60 United States and abroad
Gross vehicle weight rating: 120,000 driver and passenger seats. The vehicle has miles per hour on flat terrain. This Non-
pounds an improved ABS and an updated collision Developmental Item (NDI) vehicle is used PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Unarmored Gross vehicle weight: warning system. primarily to transport the M870 40-ton 1QFY11: M915A5 type classification/
26,500 pounds low-bed semi-trailer. materiel release; production cut-in,
Armored Gross vehicle weight: 33,500 The M915A3 Line Haul Tractor is the ramp-up, and first unit equipping
pounds Armys key line haul distribution platform. The M917A2 and M917A2 Truck Chassis,
Fifth-wheel capacity: six-inch, 30,000 It is a 6x4 tractor with a two-inch kingpin 75,000 gross vehicle weight rating, 8x6
pounds and 105,000-pound gross combination (for 20-ton dump truck), 12-cubic yard
Diagnosis: Electronic weight capacity. dump truck vehicles are authorized in

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


221

Line Haul Tractor

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Daimler Trucks North America LLC/
Freightliner (Portland, OR; Cleveland,NC)
Engine:
Detroit Diesel (Detroit, MI)
ABS Brakes:
Meritor (Troy, MI)
Dump body:
Casteel Manufacturing (San Antonio, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


222

Load Handling System Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Hippo is fully functional, mounted PROGRAM STATUS
Enhances and expedites the delivery or dismounted, and is air transportable 2QFY07: Full materiel release
Recapitalization of bulk potable water into the division and ground transportable when full, 1QFY08: Production and fielding
and brigade areas, providing the Army partially full, or empty. It is Heavy 4QFY08: Additional quantities
Maintenance
Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck placed on contract
with the capability to receive, store,
(HEMTT)-LHS, Palletized Load FY09: Updated integrated electronic
and distribute potable water to units System (PLS)- and PLS-Trailer- technical manuals
deployed throughout the battlefield. compatible, and designed to operate FY10: Continue production and
in cold weather environments and can fielding with 625 systems fielded as
DESCRIPTION prevent water from freezing at -25 of July 30, 2010
The Load Handling System (LHS) degrees Fahrenheit. The Hippo can be
Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo) moved, set up, and established rapidly PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
represents the latest in bulk water using minimal assets and personnel. FY11andbeyond: Continue
distribution systems technology. It No site preparation by engineer production and fielding
replaces the 3,000 and 5,000 Semi- assets is required, and its modular
trailer Mounted Fabric Tanks. The configuration supports Expeditionary
Hippo consists of a 2,000-gallon Joint Forces Operations.
potable water tank in an International
Organization for Standardization SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
frame with an integrated pump, HEMTT-LHS, PLS, and PLS Trailer
engine, alternator, filling stand, and
70-foot hose reel with bulk suction and
discharge hoses. It has the capacity to
pump 125 gallons of water per minute.

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Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


223

Load Handling System Compatible


Water Tank Rack (Hippo)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Mil-Mar Century, Inc. (Miamisburg, OH)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


224

Longbow Apache (AH-64D) (LBA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Acquisition Designation Sight/Pilot Night armed reconnaissance battalions, and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Vision Sensor (MTADS/PNVS) is a major cavalry units as defined in the Army 2.75 Inch Rocket Systems (Hydra), Air
Recapitalization combat multiplier on Longbow Apache. Modernization Plan. Warrior (AW), Laser Hellfire, Shadow
Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System
Maintenance
The Apache fleet includes the A model The Longbow Apache Block III (TUAS), Unmanned Aircraft System
Apache and D model Longbow. The A (AB3) program is the next evolution
MISSION model fleet is being consumed by the of the Apache. Block III meets all PROGRAM STATUS
Conducts armed reconnaissance, close Longbow remanufacturing program. the requirements for Army and Joint 1QFY09: Block III system
combat, mobile strike, and vertical There are less than 100 Apache A interoperability goals for the future and development and demonstration
models remaining with the last A model will add significant combat capability contract currently 50 percent complete
maneuver missions when required, in
removed from the force structure in while addressing obsolescence issues and 4QFY10: Milestone C decision
day, night, obscured battlefield, and
FY13. The Longbow remanufacturing will ensure the aircraft remains a viable Current: Upgrade Block I and II
adverse weather conditions. effort uses the A model and incorporates combat multiplier beyond 2035. Longbow to Block III configuration
a millimeter-wave FCR, radar frequency with eventual acquisition objective of
DESCRIPTION interferometer (RFI), fire-and-forget The Block III modernized Longbows 634 remanufacture airframes and 56
The AH-64D Longbow Apache (LBA) is radar-guided Hellfire missiles, and other will be designed and equipped with an new build airframes for a total of 690
the Armys only heavy attack helicopter cockpit management and digitization open systems architecture to incorporate Block III Longbows
for both the current and Future Force. It enhancements. the latest communications, navigation,
is capable of destroying armor, personnel, sensor, and weapon systems. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and materiel targets in obscured The Longbow is undergoing FY11: Block I inductions into Block III
battlefield conditions. The Longbow recapitalization modifications such Combat mission speed: Longbow 145 remanufacturing assembly line
Apache is a 2-engine, 4-bladed, tandem- as upgraded forward-looking infrared knots (max speed); AB3 164 Knots 2QFY11: Initial Block III deliveries
seat attack helicopter with 30mm technology with the MTADS/PNVS, (max speed) 3QFY12: First unit equipped
cannon, Hydra 70 2.75 inch rockets, non-line-of-sight communications, Combat range: 260 nautical miles 2QFY13: Initial operating capability
laser, and Radio Frequency (RF) Hellfire video transmission/reception, and Combat endurance: 2.5 hours FY25: End of production
missiles. It upgrades 634 Apaches into maintenance cost reductions. Longbow Maximum gross weight: 20,260 pounds
AH-64D Longbow Block III configuration supports Brigade Combat Teams across Ordnance: 16 Hellfire missiles, 76 2.75-
with procurement of 259 Fire Control the full spectrum of warfare. Apache is inch rockets, and 1,200 30mm chain gun
Radars. There will also be 56 new fielded to Active Army, National Guard rounds
Block III aircraft built to meet force and Army Reserve attack battalions, Crew: Two (pilot and copilot gunner)
requirements. The Modernized-Target

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


225

Longbow Apache (AH-64D) (LBA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt, Greece, Israel, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Saudi Arabia, Singapore, United Arab
Emirates
Direct commercial sales: Greece, Japan,
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Airframe: Boeing (Mesa, AZ)
MTADS: Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
REU: Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Northrop Grumman (Linthicum, MD)
APU: Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Technical: Aviation and Missile Solutions,
LLC (Huntsville, AL)
FCR: Longbow LLC (Orlando, FL)
Radar: Northrop Grumman
(Linthicum,MD)
Logistics: AEPCO (Huntsville, AL)
TADS/PNVS: Lockheed Martin
(Goodyear,AZ)
Programmatics: DynCorp
(FortWorth,TX)
EGI: Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
LRUs: Smiths (Clearwater, FL)
IPAS: Honeywell (Tempe, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


226

Medical Communications for Combat Casualty Care (MC4)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION resuscitation information. The system used, comprehensive information
Integrates, fields, and supports a also provides units with automated tools management medical system on
Recapitalization comprehensive medical information facilitating patient tracking, medical thebattlefield.
system, enabling lifelong electronic reporting, and medical logistical
Maintenance
support. Combatant commanders use SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
medical records, streamlined medical
the MC4 system to access medical Other Major Interdependencies
logistics, and enhanced situational surveillance information, resulting MC4 relies on software developers such
awareness for Army tactical forces. in enhanced medical situational as DHIMS to provide global software
awareness. Most importantly, MC4 databases to store data generated by
DESCRIPTION is helping deployed service members. the MC4 system, providing medical
Medical Communications for Combat By equipping deployed medical units situational awareness for operational
Casualty Care (MC4) is a ruggedized with automated resources, MC4 helps commanders and patient record
system-of-systems containing Joint ensure service members have a secure, visibility to medical staff worldwide.
software applications fielded to accessible, lifelong electronic medical
tactical medical forces throughout record, which results in better-informed PROGRAM STATUS
the combat zone, the U.S., and health care providers and easier 3QFY084QFY10: Fielding per
contingency operations worldwide. access to Veterans Administration the dynamic Army resourcing
MC4 integrates Defense Health medicalbenefits. prioritylist
Information Management System 4QFY094QFY10: Fielding TMIP
(DHIMS) Theater Medical Information The MC4 system comprises seven Block 2 release 1 software (MC4
ProgramJoint (TMIP-J) software, and Army-approved line items that can planned upgrade #1) to theater units
other Army-unique applications, onto be configured to support Army
commercial- and government-off-the- levels one through four and DoD PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
shelf technology, providing the tools roles one through three of the 1QFY11: Begin fielding TMIP
needed to digitally record and transfer health care continuum. Future MC4 Block2 release 1 service pack 1
critical medical data from the foxhole to enhancements will be accomplished 4QFY12: Begin fielding TMIP
medical treatment facilities worldwide. through minor system upgrades and Block2 release 2 software
major planned upgrades. With 10 4QFY15: Full operational capability
Deployable medical forces use the MC4 years of experience managing DoDs (objective)
system to gain quick, accurate access to first battlefield medical recording
patient histories and forward casualty system, MC4 remains the most widely-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


227

Medical Communications for


Combat Casualty Care (MC4)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Hardware:
Telos Corp. (Ashburn, VA)
Dell Federal Systems (Round Rock, TX)
System Engineering Support:
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory (Laurel, MD)
System Integration Support:
L-3 Communications (Reston, VA)
Fielding, Training, and System
Administration Support:
General Dynamics (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


228

Medical Simulation Training Center (MSTC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Enabling technology includes audio- PROGRAM STATUS
Conducts standardized combat medical visual enhancements, camera 4QFY08: All 18 initial systems
Recapitalization training for medical and non-medical surveillance capability, computer labs, fielded
personnel. and computerized control rooms with
Maintenance
a remotely managed training platform. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION Supporting training components Further development and
The Medical Simulation Training include a computerized bleed-breathe procurement of tetherless mannequin
Center (MSTC) systems are an Army mannequin that is weighted and airway training capability, the MeTER
training asset, with a regional training equipped, partial task trainers, and System, and the MT-C2 System
requirement, located at installations, associated equipment.
delivering effective medical training
with a standardized training platform SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
for both classroom and simulated None
battlefield conditions. The goal is
to better prepare warfighters for
application of medical interventions
under combat conditions.

The MSTC is a standardized family of


supporting component systems with
the Virtual Patient System, Instruction
Support System, Medical Training
Command and Control (MT-C2) System,
and the Medical Training Evaluation
and Review System (MeTER),
providing frameworks fitted with
reconfigurable enabling technology and
supporting training devices.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


229

Medical Simulation Training Center


(MSTC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Medical Education Technologies
(Sarasota, FL)
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Orlando,FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


230

Medium Caliber Ammunition (MCA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the M203 Grenade Launcher, M320 PROGRAM STATUS
Provides overwhelming lethality in Grenade Launcher, and the MK19 Current: In production
Recapitalization medium caliber ammunition and Grenade Machine Gun.
point- and area-target engagement via PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES FY11: Multiple year family buys
medium handheld and crew-served
Other Major Interdependencies for 25mm, 30mm, and 40mm
weapons. Medium caliber ammunition is ammunition
dependent upon the weapons platforms
DESCRIPTION currently in use.
Medium caliber ammunition includes
20mm, 25mm, 30mm, and 40mm
armor-piercing, high-explosive,
smoke, illumination, training, and
antipersonnel cartridges with the
capability to defeat light armor,
materiel, and personnel targets. The
20mm cartridge is a multi-purpose
tracer with self destruct, used in the
Counter Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar
(C-RAM) weapon system. The 25mm
target practice (TP), high explosive
incendiary and armor-piercing
cartridges are fired from the M242
Bushmaster Cannon for the Bradley
Fighting Vehicle. The 30mm TP and
high explosive-dual purpose (HEDP)
cartridges are used in the Apache
helicopters M230 Chain Gun. A variety
of 40mm TP, HEDP, and specialty
cartridges are designed for use in

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


231

Medium Caliber Ammunition (MCA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


25mm:
Israel, Philippines
30mm:
Egypt, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Serbia, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates
40mm:
Afghanistan, Canada, Greece, Israel,
Japan, Kenya, Philippines, Tunisia

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Marion, IL; Red Lion, PA)
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA;
RocketCity, WV)
AMTEC Corp. (Janesville, WI;
Camden, AR)
DSE (Balimoy) Corp. (Tampa, FL;
Gaffney, SC)
American Ordnance (Milan, TN;
Burlington, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


232

Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization entry operations. MEADS also has the and missile defense (AMD) TOC, PROGRAM STATUS
mobility to displace rapidly and protect leveraging modular battle elements and 4QFY084QFY10: Incremental
Recapitalization maneuver force assets during offensive a distributed and open architecture critical design review phase
operations. Netted, distributed, open to facilitate continuous exchange of
Maintenance
architecture, and modular components information to support a more effective PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
are utilized in the MEADS to increase AMD system-of-systems. FY11: System program review
MISSION survivability and flexibility of use in a 3QFY11: Prototype Multifunction
Defends maneuver forces and critical number of operational configurations. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Fire Control Radar delivery to
assets against the theater ballistic The PAC-3 MSE improves upon the In this Publication testing
missile, cruise missile, and air-breathing current missile configuration ranges/ Integrated Air and Missile Defense 1QFY12: First MSE launch
altitudes and improves performance (IAMD), Joint Land Attack Cruise
threats in contingency and mature
against maneuvering threats. Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
theaters. System (JLENS), Joint Tactical Ground
The MEADS weapon system will Stations (JTAGS), PATRIOT Advanced
DESCRIPTION use its netted and distributed CapabilityThree (PAC-3), Surface
The Medium Extended Air Defense architecture to ensure Joint and Launched Advanced Medium Range
System (MEADS) provides a robust, allied interoperability, and to enable Air-To-Air Missile (SLAMRAAM),
360-degree defense using the PATRIOT a seamless interface to the next Warfighter Information Network
PAC-3 hit-to-kill missile segment generation of battle management Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 1, WIN-T
enhancement (MSE) against the full command, control, communications, Increment 2, WIN-T Increment 3
spectrum of theater ballistic missiles, computers, and intelligence (BMC4I).
anti-radiation missiles, cruise missiles, The systems improved sensor Other Major Interdependencies
unmanned aerial vehicles, tactical components and its ability to link other AEGIS, AWACS, DSP, E-2C, IAMD,
air-to-surface missiles, and rotary-and airborne and ground-based sensors MSE, PEO Integration, RIVET-JOINT,
fixed-wing threats. MEADS will also facilitate the employment of its battle THAAD MDASea Based Terminal,
provide defense against multiple and elements. BMDS, C-130J, C-17, CH-47F, JTRS
simultaneous attacks by short-range (WNW), Link 16
ballistic missiles, low-radar cross- The MEADS weapon systems
section cruise missiles, and other objective battle management tactical
air-breathing threats. MEADS can be operations center (TOC) will provide
immediately deployed by air for early the basis for the future common air

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


233

Medium Extended Air Defense


System (MEADS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
D&D Contract:
MEADS, Intl. (Syracuse, NY; Orlando, FL;
Huntsville, AL)
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX)
PM/SYS:
Government (Statewide, AL)
MSE:
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX)
Security/Exciter:
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX)
SETA:
Intuitive Research and Technology
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


234

Meteorological Measuring SetProfiler (MMS-P)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION targeting and terminal guidance of SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides on-demand, real-time various munitions. Profiler transmits Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization meteorological data over an extended this data to indirect fire direction Navy Operational Global Atmospheric
battlespace. centers for use in developing the firing Prediction System, Global Broadcast
Maintenance
solution. System
DESCRIPTION
The AN/TMQ-52 Meteorological This new capability increases the PROGRAM STATUS
Measuring SetProfiler (MMS-P) lethality of all field artillery platforms 1QFY05Present: Completed
uses a suite of meteorological such as the Multiple Launch Rocket production of the Army Authorization
sensors, meteorological data from System, Paladin, and self-propelled Objective of 108 systems, 96 of which
satellites, and an advanced mesoscale or towed howitzers by increasing the were fielded to Maneuver Brigade
atmospheric model to provide highly probability of first-round hit, resulting Combat Teams, Fire Brigades, and
accurate meteorological data for in significant ammunition cost savings the training base
indirect fire artillery forces. The for the Army. The current Profiler
system uses common hardware, provides meteorological coverage PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
software, and operating systems and throughout a 60-kilometer radius, 1QFY114QFY17: Complete
is housed in a command post platform while the follow-on Block III variant fielding of the system to Army
shelter and transported on an M1152A extends coverage up to 500 kilometers. units; develop Profiler Block III
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled to reduce the system footprint
Vehicle (HMMWV). MMS-P replaces the Armys current and leverage technology and
Meteorological Measuring Set, software advancements to achieve
The mesoscale atmospheric model AN/TMQ-41. For the first time, improvements in accuracy
receives large-scale atmospheric data Army field artillery systems can
from the Air Force Weather Agency apply meteorological data along the
and other meteorological sensors, and trajectory from the firing platform to
produces a vertical profile of wind the target area.
speed and direction, temperature,
relative humidity, cloud base height,
type precipitation, and horizontal
visibility in the target area, all of
which are necessary for precise

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


235

Meteorological Measuring
SetProfiler (MMS-P)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Smiths Detection, Inc. (Edgewood, MD)
Pennsylvania State University
(UniversityPark, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


236

Mine Protection Vehicle Family (MPVF)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Future Engineer Force (FEF) clearance The MPCV provides deployed PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
companies in route and area clearance forces with an effective and reliable MMPV:
Recapitalization operations, explosive hazards teams blast-protected vehicle capable of 4QFY11: Full materiel release/type
in explosive hazards reconnaissance interrogating and classifying suspected classification standard and full-rate
Maintenance
operations, and explosive ordinance explosive hazards, including IEDs. The production decision
disposal (EOD) companies in support MPCV has an articulating arm with a 1QFY12: First unit equipped
MISSION operations. The MMPV will also digging/lifting attachment and camera MPCV:
Provides blast-protected platforms support Chemical Biological Response to remotely interrogate a suspected 4QFY11: Full materiel release/type
capable of locating, interrogating, Teams and Prophet signals intelligence explosive hazard and allow the crew classification standard and full-rate
and classifying suspected explosive (SIGINT) systems. to confirm, deny, and/or classify production decision
the explosive hazard. It provides a 1QFY12: First unit equipped
hazards, including improvised explosive
The VMMD is a blast-protected, blast-protected platform to transport VMMD:
devices (IEDs). vehicle-mounted mine-detection Soldiers and allow them to dismount 1QFY11: Full materiel release/type
and lane-proofing system capable to mark and/or neutralize explosive classification standard and full-rate
DESCRIPTION of finding and marking metallic hazards. production decision
The Mine Protection Vehicle Family explosive hazards, including metallic- 1QFY12: First unit equipped
(MPVF) consists of the Medium Mine encased IEDs and anti-tank mines SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Protected Vehicle (MMPV), the Vehicle on unimproved roads. It consists of None
Mounted Mine Detection (VMMD) two towing/mine detection Husky
system, and the Mine Protected vehicles, and a set of three mine PROGRAM STATUS
Clearance Vehicle (MPCV). Each of detonation trailers (MDTs). The Husky 3QFY07: Milestone C, type
the systems in the MPVF has a blast- detection platform detects, locates, and classification-generic, and low-rate
deflecting, V-shaped hull, and each marks suspected metallic explosive initial production (LRIP) for VMMD
conducts specific missions. hazards over a three-meters-wide 1QFY08: Milestone C, type
path. The Husky provides protection classification-generic, and LRIP for
The MMPV system is a blast-protected against mine blasts under the wheels MMPV
command and control vehicle platform and under the centerline, in addition to 1QFY08: Milestone C, type
that operates in explosive hazardous ballistic protection of the operator cab. classification-generic, and LRIP for
environments and is adaptable to The system is designed to be repairable MPCV
a wide range of security and force in the field after a mine blast.
protection activities. It will support

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


237

Mine Protection Vehicle Family


(MPVF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MPCV:
United Kingdom
VMMD:
Canada

CONTRACTORS
MMPV:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
MPCV:
Force Protection Industries, Inc.
(Ladson, SC)
VMMD:
Critical Solutions International, Inc.
(Dallas, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


238

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization 60,000 pounds, with payloads ranging MRAP All Terrain Vehicle 1QFY082QFY09: Upgrading
from 1,000 to 18,000 pounds. Key (M-ATV): Carries four Soldiers vehicles to meet emerging threats,
Recapitalization components (e.g., transmissions, plus a gunner. Supports small-unit enhance survivability, vehicle
engines) vary between vehicles and combat operations in complex and mobility, and improve automotive
Maintenance
manufacturers, but generally consist highly restricted rural, mountainous, performance by incorporating
of common commercial and military and urban terrains. The M-ATV engineering changes in current
MISSION parts. provides better overall mobility production, planned orders, and
Provides tactical mobility for warfighters characteristics than the original fielded vehicles
with multimission platforms capable Four categories of vehicles support the CAT I, II, and III MRAP vehicles 2QFY08: Initiated capabilities
of mitigating the effects of improvised following missions: yet retains the same survivability insertion program to provide
Category (CAT) I: Carries four to threshold. enhanced rocket-propelled grenade
explosive devices (IEDs), underbody
six passengers. Designed to provide protection, integration of remote
mines, and small arms fire threats. increased mobility and reliability in SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES weapon system, increased vehicle
rough terrain. Other Major Interdependencies power and enhanced command,
DESCRIPTION CAT II: Multimission operations MRAP vehicles are equipped with control, communications, computers,
The Joint Mine Resistant Ambush (such as convoy lead, troop multiple GFE items, including and intelligence capability
Protected (MRAP) Vehicle Program transport, and ambulance). Carries communications equipment, mine
(JMVP) is a multi-service program 10 passengers. and IED counter-measure equipment, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
currently supporting the Army, Navy, CAT III: Mine/IED clearance in addition to weapons and crew 1QFY11: Production and fielding of
Marine Corps, Air Force, and the U.S. operations and explosive ordnance protection systems. MRAP vehicles complete based on
Special Operations Command. The disposal (EOD); carries six current requirements
program procures, tests, integrates, passengers, plus specialized PROGRAM STATUS 2QFY11: Begin modernization of
fields, and supports highly survivable equipment to support EOD 3QFY071QFY11: Produce and field MRAP vehicles returning from
vehicles that provide protection operations; the Force Protection MRAP vehicles to Army, Marine theater in preparation for transition
from IEDs and other threats. These Industries Buffalo is the only CAT III Corps, Air Force, Navy, U.S. Special to enduring force requirements
four- to six-wheeled vehicles are variant. This is the largest MRAP Operations and foreign military sales
configured with government furnished vehicle. customers
equipment to meet unique warfighting
requirements. Vehicle combat weights
(fully loaded without add-on armor)
range from approximately 34,000 to

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


239

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected


Vehicles (MRAP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Canada, France, Italy, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems Land & Armaments, Ground
Systems Division (York, PA)
BAE-TVS (Sealy, TX)
Force Protection Industries, Inc.
(Ladson, SC)
General Dynamics Land Systems, Canada
(Ontario, Canada)
Navistar Defense (Warrenville, IL)
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


240

Mobile Maintenance Equipment Systems (MMES)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization enclosure mounted on a M113/M1152 Organization for Standardization 8x8x20 in the Army. Repairs may be performed in
High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled containers that can be mounted on a flat all weather, climatic, and light conditions.
Recapitalization Vehicle (HMMWV). rack or a trailer. The system contains an The SEW integrates commercial off-the-
electric power generator, Environmental shelf and NDI components in an enclosure
Maintenance
Forward Repair System (FRS) is a high- Control Unit (ECU), Signal Entry Panel mounted on an M103A3Trailer.
mobility, forward maintenance and repair (SEP), ergonomic storage of a complete
MISSION system. The FRS places industrial-grade tool load of lifetime warranted industrial SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Repairs battle-damaged combat systems power tools, diagnostic test equipment, quality tools. SATS has communication None
on site and up through the direct support 35 kW generator, and heavy lift capability capability that allows data and voice
level in the forward battle area. in one package. The FRS is configured connections for Global Combat Support PROGRAM STATUS
with a 5.5 ton lift capacity with a 14 foot SystemsArmy (GCSS-A). SATS is Current1QFY10: SEW production
DESCRIPTION radius crane capable of removing and transported (towed) by a tactical cargo and fielding
The Mobile Maintenance Equipment replacing major components on all models truck from the Family of Medium Tactical Current: SECM production and
System (MMES) employs a system- of military vehicles. Mounted to a flat Trucks (FMTV). fielding
of-systems approach to provide rack, it is transported by Palletized Load Current: FRS production and fielding
two-level maintenance capability to System (PLS) trucks in Heavy Brigades, Hydraulic System Test and Repair Current: SATS production and
the warfighter. Five interconnected or by the Heavy Expanded Mobility Unit (HSTRU MX3) is designed to fielding
maintenance systems distributed Tactical Truck Load Handling System perform diagnostic testing and repair of 3QFY10: SEW Reset program
throughout the Army at multiple levels (HEMTT-LHS) in the Stryker Brigade hydraulic systems. HSTRU is capable of established
and echelons provide a holistic repair CombatTeams. transporting and assembling hoses, tubes
capability in all environments. and fitting components, and fabricating PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Standard Automotive Tool Set (SATS) industry standard hoses with crimping Production and Fielding
Shop Equipment Contact Maintenance provides the warfighter a common technology. HSTRU is trailer mounted, 1QFY11: HSTRU first unit equipped
(SECM) is a first responder providing tool set with the capability to perform integrated, and transportable in a 2QFY11: FRS
immediate field-level maintenance and field-level maintenance at all levels of standardized enclosure that is capable of Ongoing: SECM
repair to battle-damaged ground support materiel system repairs. The SATS rapid deployment. Ongoing: SATS
and aviation equipment. The SECM includes a Base Tool Set and Field Ongoing: SEW Reset program
has industrial quality tools, light duty Maintenance Modules (FMMs) that Shop Equipment Welding (SEW) provides conti nues
cutting and welding equipment, and an allow the system to be tailored to support a full spectrum of welding capabilities,
on-board compressor and power inverter. heavy, medium, and light combat units. and supports two-level maintenance
The system consists of a fabricated SATS is transported by International utilizing the only qualified Welders (44B)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


241

Mobile Maintenance Equipment


Systems (MMES)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
FRS and SECM:
Rock Island Arsenal (Rock Island, IL)
Snap-on Industrial (Crystal Lake, IL)
SATS:
Kipper Tool Company (Gainesville, GA)
AAR Mobility Systems (Cadillac, MI)
MCT Industries, Inc. (Albuquerque, NM)
HSTRU:
Mandus Group (Rock Island, IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


242

Modular Fuel System (MFS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION quickly set up, with the ability to PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the ability to rapidly establish operate with minimal assets and 3QFY08: PEO CS&CSS approved
Recapitalization fuel distribution and storage capability personnel. MFS HEMTT/TRM interface
at any location regardless of materiel 1QFY09: ASA (ALT) signed un-
Maintenance
The PRM includes a 600-gallon-per- termination letter restoring the MFS
handling equipment availability.
minute (GPM) diesel engine-driven as an active program
DESCRIPTION centrifugal pump, filter separator, 2QFY09: Complete MFS-TRM
The Modular Fuel System (MFS), valves, fittings, hoses, refueling interface hardware
formerly known as the Load Handling nozzles, and a 25 GPM electric pump 3QFY09: Complete MFS-TRM
System Modular Fuel Farm (LMFF), that allows fuel to be dispensed in interface logistics
is transported by the Heavy Expanded emergency situations. The PRM has 1QFY10: MFS-TRM initial
Mobility Tactical TruckLoad Handling an evacuation capability that allows operational test
System (HEMTT-LHS) and the the hoses in the system to be purged
Palletized Load System. It is composed of fuel prior to recovery and is capable PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
of 14 tank rack modules (TRM) and of refueling both ground vehicles 1QFY11: MFS-TRM full materiel
two each of the pump and filtration andaircraft. release, full-rate production, type
modules, commonly known as pump classification standard
rack modules (PRMs). Each TRM TRMs can be used for bulk fuel 1QFY11: MFS-TRM production
is air-transportable with a baffled, distribution in concert with HEMTT contract award
2,500-gallon-capacity fuel storage tank Tankers. The HEMTT Tanker can 3QFY12: MFS-PRM full materiel
and on-board storage compartments transfer fuel to and from the TRM and release, full-rate production,
for hoses, nozzles, fire extinguishers, can provide retail operations. The TRM type classification standard and
and grounding rods. MFS is compatible doubles the HEMTT capacity. MFS is production contract award
with current Army storage and capable of receiving, storing, filtering,
distribution systems and those of other and issuing all kerosene based fuels.
services and allied nations. The MFSs
configuration can vary in size (total SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
capacity) based on the type of force Other Major Interdependencies
supported and is rapidly employed, MFS TRM is interdependent with
HEMTT Palletized Load System (PLS)
and LHS for transportation

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


243

Modular Fuel System (MFS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
DRS Sustainment Systems, Inc. (St. Louis,
MO)
E.D. Etnyre and Co. (Oregon, IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


244

Mortar Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Lightweight variants of the M252 81mm Other Major Interdependencies
Provides enhanced lethality, accuracy, Mortar System and M224 60mm Mortar M95/M96 MFCS-M and M150/M151
Recapitalization responsiveness, and crew survivability System have been qualified and are MFCS-D
in production. Both systems provide
Maintenance while reducing the logistics footprint.
high-rate-of-fire capability and are man- PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION portable. 1QFY091QFY10: MFCS fielded to two
The Mortar Fire Control System (MFCS)- Heavy Brigade Combat Teams (HBCTs)
equipped mortar systems provide The M95/M96 Mortar Fire Control and nine HBCTs reset
organic, indirect fire support to the SystemMounted (MFCS-M), used 1QFY091QFY10: LHMBC fielded
maneuver unit commander. Mortars are on the M1064A3 and M1129, and to seven Infantry BCTs, four Special
employed in light and heavy forces, with the M150/M151 Mortar Fire Control Forces groups, and 16 (IBCTs) reset
towed and tracked carrier versions. SystemDismounted (MFCS-D), used 1QFY091QFY10: Mortar weapons
with the M120, combine a fire control fielded to numerous IBCT, HBCT,
The Army uses three variants of 120mm computer with an inertial navigation Stryker BCT, and Special Forces groups
mortar systems, and all have been and pointing system, allowing crews to 1QFY091QFY10: Continue production
qualified and are being equipped with fire in under a minute, greatly improving and fielding of 60mm, 81mm, and
MFCS. All of the mortar systems fire mortar lethality, accuracy and crew 120mm mortar systems
a full family of ammunition including survivability. 2QFY091QFY10: Production and
high-explosive, infrared and visible light initial fielding of M150/M151 MFCS-D
illumination, smoke, and training. The The M32 Lightweight Handheld Mortar 3QFY09: Full materiel release (FMR)
M120 120mm Towed Mortar System Ballistic Computer (LHMBC) has a of MFCS-D
is transported by the M1101 trailer tactical modem and embedded global 4QFY09: FMR of M326 quick stow
and is emplaced and displaced using positioning system, allowing mortar system
the M326 quick stow system. The crews to send and receive digital call-
mounted variants are the M121 120mm for-fire messages, calculate ballistic PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
mortar, used on the M1064A3 Mortar solutions, and navigate. 2QFY094QFY11: Complete initial
Carrier (M113 variant), and the 120mm fielding of MFCS-M
Recoiling Mortar System, used on the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY104QFY12: Continue fielding of
M1129 Stryker Mortar Carrier. In this Publication M326 quick stow system
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data 2QFY12: Complete production and
System (AFATDS) fielding of M32 LHMBCs

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


245

Mortar Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan, Australia

CONTRACTORS
60mm and 81mm Mortar Bipod
Production:
MaTech (Salisbury, MD)
60mm and 81mm Baseplate
Production:
AMT (Fairfield, NJ)
MFCS-D and MFCS-M production,
fielding, and installation:
Elbit Systems of America (Fort Worth, TX)
M32 LHMBC (R-PDA):
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Taunton,MA)
120mm, 81mm, and 60mm cannons,
120mm baseplates:
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)

Range Rate of Fire


Mortar (meters) Weight (pounds) (rounds per minute) Crew Ammunition
M120/ 7240 319 16 for the 4 M121 High explosive (HE) (M934A1), white phosphorus
M121 first minute carrier-mounted smoke (M929), illumination (visible light, M930 and
120mm 4 sustained 5 M120 towed infrared [IR], M983), M933A1 (operational training),
and full-range practice (FRP) (M931)
M252 5935 90 30 first two minutes 3 HE (M821A2), red phosphorus smoke (M819),
81mm 15 sustained illumination (visible light, M853A1 and IR, M816),
M889A2 (operational training), and FRP (M879)
M224 3489 46.5 30 first four minutes 3 HE (M720A1), WP smoke (M722A1), illumination
60mm (conventional), 20 sustained (visible light, M721 and IR, M767), M768 (operational
18.0 (handheld) training), and FRP (M769) WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011
246

Mounted Soldier System (MSS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization platform commanders and vehicle crew Microclimate Cooling System SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
members increased effectiveness on the The Microclimate Cooling System Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization network-centric battlefield in areas of is integrated into the platform and Vehicle for power and C2
command and control (C2), situational features a cooling vest worn by the
Maintenance
awareness, communications, and force Soldier. This will reduce crewman heat PROGRAM STATUS
protection. MSS also provides improved stress and provide increased comfort 3Q4QFY06: DOTMLPF assessment
MISSION integration and systems engineering during operations in hot environments. of Mounted Warrior conducted
Enhances the survivability, situational to enhance capability synergy and 3QFY073QFY08: Mounted Warrior
awareness, lethality, mobility, and allow crewmen to better perform their Soldier Force Protection System deployed with 4th Battalion, 9th
sustainability for all combat vehicle functions in the confined spaces of Capabilities: Infantry Regiment in Operation Iraqi
combat vehicles. Soldier safety is enhanced with the Freedom
crewmen and other Soldiers performing
Improved Combat Vehicle Crewman 1QFY08: Milestone B for MSS
mounted operations. Cordless Communications Coverall, Flame Resistant Army 2QFY09: MSS contracts awarded
Capabilities: Combat Uniform (FRACU), Fire
DESCRIPTION The Cordless Communications Resistant Environmental Ensemble PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Mounted Soldier System (MSS) is Capabilities provides increased safety (FREE), flame-resistant and 4QFY103QFY11: Developmental
an evolutionary program with identified and mission performance to the moisture-wicking undergarments, test, limited user test
increments. Increment I provided the platforms crew with the addition of a ballistic and laser eye protection, 4QFY11: MSS Milestone C
Mounted Warrior Helmet-Mounted wireless connection capability to the and flame-resistant hand, face, and 4QFY12: MSS full-rate production
Display and Increment II will augment vehicles intercom and radios. It allows foot protection. Soldier effectiveness begins
current and future capabilities under the crew to communicate by voice is improved with the ambidextrous
the MSS Program. MSS will provide over the platforms intercom system individual weapon holster, an
the combat vehicle crew members when mounted or dismounted within integrated CVC Helmet system, and a
increased capabilities to conduct 300 meters of their platform. The lighter-weight, multilayer, improved
offensive and defensive operations. system automatically detects when a ballistic protection body armor system
crewman becomes disconnected from
The MSS consists of a heads-up display, the intercom system and allows the
cordless communications, micro- disconnected crewman to continue
climatic cooling, and force protection to have voice communication with
items. These subsystems will provide thecrew.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


247

Mounted Soldier System (MSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Carleton Technologies Inc.
(OrchardPark,NY)
Rockwell Collins (Carlsbad, CA)
Thales (Clarksburg, MD)
BAE Systems (Santa Clara, CA)
General Dynamics Land Systems (Sterling
Heights, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


248

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization hardware, although the control station world. Objectively, all common user the capability to link ground level
uses a computer with a larger display logistic transport vehicles, selected operators conducting missions and
Recapitalization and faster processor. Communication combat support and combat service commanders/managers that plan,
between the two is provided by a support tactical wheeled vehicles, direct, and control operations.
Maintenance
commercial satellite vendor that and watercraft will be fitted with
enables units to send and receive traffic MTS mobile units. MTS will provide SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
MISSION over the horizon, anytime, anywhere. watercraft transportation unit None
Tracks the location of vehicles and commanders with the capability to
logistics assets, communicates with MTS worldwide satellite-based track and communicate with assets PROGRAM STATUS
vehicle operators, and redirects communications coverage allows employed across the spectrum of 4QFY08: Continued software
the transportation coordinator to operations such as established ports, development for MTSEnhanced
missions on a worldwide, near real-time
communicate with the driver of any logistics over-the-shore, intra-coastal, Software (ES)
basis during peacetime operations and truck, regardless of location, without inland waterways, and amphibious 1QFY09: Conducted testing of new
war. having to put up antennas or involve operations. software upgrades
more Soldiers. MTS has been adapted 2QFY09: Develop MTS follow-on
DESCRIPTION to incorporate radio frequency When employed within the distribution procurement strategies
The Movement Tracking System (MTS) technology and an upgraded military system, MTS will improve the 2QFY09: Begin testing MTS-ES
is a low-cost solution designed for the global positioning system capability, effectiveness and efficiency of limited- software
Army and its vehicle operators for using multiple satellites. The system is distribution assets, provide the 3QFY09: Continue testing MTS-ES
tracking vehicles and communicating currently providing in-transit visibility ability to reroute supplies to higher software
while on and off the road. MTS is a for near-real-time mission redirects priority needs, enable the avoidance
mobile satellite two-way messaging of combat service support vehicles of identified hazards, and inform PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
system that is totally wireless, from supporting the objective force on the operators of unit location changes. 1QFY11: Field MTS-ES software
the MTS-equipped vehicles to the digitized battlefield. In addition, planned enhancements 1QFY11: MTS follow-on procurement
control station. The mobile unit of MTS (referred to as Block II 1QFY12: Transition to Joint Battle
configuration of the system is mounted MTS supports vehicle movement and MTS enhancements) such as MTSs Command Platform
on a units vehicles, while the control redirection based on fluid changes in interface with embedded equipment
station configuration, in a fixed battlefield tempo and enemy positions. diagnostic and prognostic systems, will
location, monitors vehicle locations. The system will provide vehicles provide accurate data that will aid fleet
Both configurations use the same and watercraft visibility wherever maintenance and improve availability
basic communications software and they may be deployed throughout the and overall service life. MTS provides

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


249

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
System integrator:
COMTECH Mobile Datacom
(Germantown,MD)
Software development:
Northrop Grumman (Redondo Beach,CA)
via Force XXI Battle Command
Brigade and Below (FBCB2) contract
(FortMonmouth, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


250

Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the Bradley Fighting Vehicle). With PROGRAM STATUS
Provides coalition ground forces with the IFCS, the M270A1 can fire future 2QFY10: Completed fleet
Recapitalization highly lethal, responsive, and precise munitions and the ILMS reduces modernization with Auxiliary Power
long-range rocket and missile fires system load and reload times. The Unit/Environmental Control Unit
Maintenance
M270A1 provides responsive, highly upgrades
that defeat point and area targets in
accurate and extremely lethal, surface- 4QFY10: Completed M270A1
both urban/complex and open terrain to-surface, close- to long-range rocket launcher overhaul pilot program
with minimal collateral damage, via and missile fires from 15 kilometers to
a highly mobile, responsive multiple a depth of 300 kilometers. It carries PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
launchsystem. and fires either two launch pods Continue: Provide support to fielded
containing six MLRS rockets each or units/units in combat
DESCRIPTION two Army Tactical Missiles, and is Continue: Provide sustainment and
The combat-proven Multiple Launch capable of firing all current and future support activities for MLRS strategic
Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1 is a MLRS family of rockets and missiles. partners and foreign military
mechanized artillery weapon system It operates with the same MLRS salescustomers
that provides the combat commander command, control, and communications Continue: Field Driver Vision
with round-the-clock, all-weather, structure and has the same size crew Enhancement and Blue Force
lethal, close- and long-range precision as the M142 High Mobility Artillery Tracker Mods
rocket and missile fire support for Rocket System (HIMARS). Continue: M270A1 launcher
Joint forces, early-entry expeditionary overhaul program
forces, contingency forces, and modular SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
fire brigades supporting Brigade In this Publication
Combat Teams. Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
System (AFATDS)
The M270A1 is an upgraded version
of the M270 launcher. The program Other Major Interdependencies
entailed the concurrent incorporation M993 Bradley derivative chassis
of the Improved Fire Control System
(IFCS) and the Improved Launcher
Mechanical System (ILMS) on a
rebuilt M993 Carrier (derivative of

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


251

Multiple Launch Rocket System


(MLRS) M270A1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M270 and M270A1:
Bahrain, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan,
Korea
M270 and M270B1:
Norway, Turkey, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Prime and Launcher:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX; Camden, AR)
Chassis:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
Improved Weapons Interface Unit:
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Position Navigation Unit:
L-3 Communications Space & Navigation
(Budd Lake, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


252

NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION to date for a total of 250,000 SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides real-time position, velocity, DAGRs fielded. In addition, GPS In this Publication
Recapitalization and timing data to tactical and strategic user equipment includes a Ground- PATRIOT Advanced CapabilityThree
organizations. Based GPS Receiver Applications (PAC-3), Excalibur (XM982), Paladin/
Maintenance
Module (GB-GRAM). Over 90,000 Field Artillery Ammunition Support
DESCRIPTION GB-GRAMs have been procured and Vehicle (FAASV)
The NAVSTAR Global Positioning provide embedded PPS capability to a
System (GPS) is a space-based, variety of weapon systems. The Army Other Major Interdependencies
Joint-service navigation program led represents more than 80 percent of the Blue Force Tracking, mobile ballistic
by the Air Force, which distributes requirement for user equipment. computers, laser rangefinders,
position, velocity, and timing data. movement tracking systems, and
The GPS has three segments: a space DAGR several unmanned aerial vehicle
segment (nominally 24 satellites), a Size: 6.37 x 3.4 x 1.56 inches systems
ground control segment, and a user Weight: 1 pound; fits in a two-clip
equipment segment. User equipment carrying case that attaches to load- PROGRAM STATUS
consists of receivers configured bearing equipment 1QFY054QFY10: Continue DAGR
for handheld, ground, aircraft, and Frequency: Dual (L1/L2) fieldings; continue demilitarization
watercraft applications. Military GPS Battery Life: 19 hours (4 AA and disposal of obsolete PLGR
receivers use the Precise Positioning batteries)
Service (PPS) signal to gain enhanced Security: Selective availability anti- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
accuracy and signal protection not spoofing module 1QFY114QFY17: Continue DAGR
available to commercial equipment. Satellites: All-in-view fieldings; DAGR 3.7 introduction;
GPS receivers in the Army today GB-GRAM 3.7 introduction
are: the Precision Lightweight GPS GB-GRAM
Receiver (PLGR), with more than Size: 0.6 x 2.45 x 3.4 inches
100,000 in handheld, installed, and Weight: 3.5 ounces
integrated applications; and the Frequency: Dual (L1/L2)
Defense Advanced GPS Receiver Security: Selective availability anti-
(DAGR), with more than 183,000 spoofing module
as handheld receivers and 67,000 Satellites: All-in-view
distributed for platform installations

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


253

NAVSTAR Global Positioning System


(GPS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


PPS-capable GPS receivers have been
sold to 41 authorized countries

CONTRACTORS
DAGR/GB-GRAM Acquisition and PLGR
Support:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


254

Nett Warrior (NW)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION leaders to the network. Soldier position PROGRAM STATUS
Provides unparalleled situational location information from the Rifleman 1QFY09: Release of request for
Recapitalization awareness (SA) and understanding to Radio capability is also added to the proposal
the dismounted leader (team leader network through interoperability 2QFY09: Milestone A approval
Maintenance
with the NW system. NW provides 3QFY09: Award of three competitive
and above) allowing for faster, more
an integrated, dismounted leader prototyping contracts
accurate decisions in the tactical fight the SA system for use during combat 3QFY09: System preliminary design
and connecting the dismounted Soldier operations, allowing for faster and review (three competitors)
to the network. more accurate decisions in the tactical 1QFY10: System critical design
fight while reducing fratricide. This review (three competitors)
DESCRIPTION translates into Soldiers being at the 3QFY104QFY10: Developmental
The Nett Warrior (NW) (formally right place, at the right time, with test
Ground Soldier System), named for the right equipment making them 4QFY10: Capability development
Medal of Honor recipient Colonel more effective, more lethal, and more document Joint-validation
Robert B. Nett, is an integrated survivable in the execution of their
dismounted Soldier SA system for combat mission. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
use during combat operations. It 4QFY101QFY11: Limited user
consists of a hands-free display to view SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES tests (three competitors)
information; a computer to process Other Major Interdependencies 1QFY11: Capability production
information and populate the screen; Battle Command Product Line, Core document Joint-validation
an interface device for user-screen Soldier System equipment, Enhanced 2QFY11: Milestone C
interaction; a system power source; a Position Location Reporting System 3QFY11: Low-rate initial production
software operating system for system Radio, Joint Tactical Radio System contract award
functionality; tactical applications and Small Form FitB (SFF-B), Rifleman
battle command; and a networked radio Radio
transmitter/receiver to send/receive
information and voice communications.

In the Armys Brigade Combat Teams


(BCTs), NW increments will provide
necessary SA, connecting dismounted

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


255

Nett Warrior (NW)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


To be determined

CONTRACTORS
Refinement Systems:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Support Services:
Engility (Billerica, MA)
NCI Information Systems (Reston, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


256

Night Vision Thermal SystemsThermal Weapon Sight (TWS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization mountable to a weapon rail. They Field of view: 6 degrees/18 PROGRAM STATUS
operate to the maximum effective degrees (narrow/wide) FY98: Type classification
Recapitalization range of the weapon. Operational time: 6.5 hours FY99: First unit equipped
Power: six lithium AA batteries FY10: Fielded to units supporting
Maintenance
The TWS family comprises three Operation Enduring Freedom and
variants, each of which is silent, AN/PAS-13(V)3 Heavy Weapon Operation Iraqi Freedom
MISSION lightweight, compact, durable, and Thermal Sight (HWTS) for the squad FY10: Began 17 micron technology
Enables the Soldier to detect and battery-powered. They include: leaders weapon M16 and M4 series validation testing; 17 micron
engage targets, day or night, in all rifles and carbines, M24 and M107 technology allows production of a
weather and visibility-obscured AN/PAS-13(V)1 Light Weapon sniper rifles, and M2 HB and MK19 LWTS clip-on and reduces power and
Thermal Sight (LWTS) for the M16 machine guns weight in the MWTS and HWTS
conditions.
and M4 series rifles and carbines, as Weight: 3.9 pounds
DESCRIPTION well as the M136 Light Anti-Armor Magnification: 10x/3.3x (narrow/ PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS) Weapon wide) FY11: Continue to support and field
family is a group of advanced infrared Weight: 1.95 pounds Field of view: 3 degrees/9 degrees in accordance with Headquarters
devices for both in-line and stand- Magnification: 1.55x (narrow/wide) Department of the Army G8
alone use. Its technologies include Field of view: 15 degrees Operational time: 6.5 hours guidance
multi-band fused sensors and rapid Operational time: 5 hours Power: six lithium AA batteries Continue: 17 micron validation
target acquisition capabilities. The Power: four lithium AA batteries testing
AN/PAS-13 TWS gives Soldiers with SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
individual and crew served weapons AN/PAS-13(V)2 Medium Weapon None
the capability to see deep into the Thermal Sight (MWTS) for the M249
battlefield, increase surveillance and Squad Automatic Weapon and M240B
target acquisition range, and penetrate series medium machine guns
obscurants, day or night. The TWS Weight: 2.9 pounds
systems use uncooled, forward-looking Magnification: 5x/1.66x (narrow/
infrared technology and provide a wide)
standard video output for training,
image transfer, or remote viewing.
TWS systems are lightweight and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


257

Night Vision Thermal Systems


Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army
Defense Exports and Cooperation (DASA
DE&C)

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (Lexington, MA;
ManassasVA)
DRS Optronics (Dallas, TX; Melbourne, FL)
Raytheon (Dallas, TX; Goleta, CA;
McKinney, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


258

Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems (NIIS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization operator can look into places such as use of the rail system eliminates PROGRAM STATUS
false compartments that other systems the requirement to maintain a truck 1QFY10: MMVACIS fielding
Recapitalization cannot see. platform and the presence of an 4QFY10: ZBV procurement and
overhead articulated arm that can fielding
Maintenance
NIIS currently include a variety of be struck and damaged by vehicles
products with differing characteristics beingscanned. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION that are added to the Army 2QFY11: Final engineering change
Protects U.S. forces and critical commanders tool box. They include The Militarized Mobile VACIS proposal contract to be awarded
warfighting materiel by inspecting mobile, rail-mounted but re-locatable, (MMVACIS) uses the same gamma
cars, trucks, or cargo containers for and fixed-site characteristics. The source as the other VACIS products
primary systems employed are but is mounted on a High Mobility
the presence of explosives, weapons,
asfollows: Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle.
drugs, or other contraband with nuclear MMVACIS provides a capability
(gamma) and X-ray technology. The Mobile Vehicle and Cargo that other NII systems do notoff-
Inspection System (MVACIS) is a installation external vehicle
DESCRIPTION truck-mounted system that utilizes checkpoints in remote locations.
The Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems a nuclear source that can penetrate
(NIIS) program consists of commercial approximately 6.5 inches of steel. It The Z-Backscatter Van (ZBV) is
off-the-shelf (COTS) products that can be employed in static locations or a van-mounted system that utilizes
are employed within a layered force moved rapidly between access control backscatter X-ray technology. While
protection system that includes points to provide protection where it is it can penetrate only approximately
security personnel trained to maintain most needed. one-quarter inch of steel, it can be
situational awareness, aided by a range employed in static locations where
of other products including military The Re-locatable Vehicle and Cargo room is limited and scanning of cars,
working dogs, under-vehicle scanning Inspection System (RVACIS) is a larger vehicles, or containers with
mirrors, and handheld or desktop trace rail-mounted system that utilizes the smaller, less complex loads is expected.
explosive detectors. The NIIS produce same nuclear source as the MVACIS.
a graphic image from which a trained It operates on rails and is employed SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
in static locations or moved within None
24 hours to locations where prepared

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


259

Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems


(NIIS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
American Science & Engineering, Inc.
(Billerica, MA)
Rapiscan Systems (Torrance, CA)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


260

Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle


(NBCRV)Stryker Sensor Suite
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Detector, AN/UDR-13 Radiac Detector, PROGRAM STATUS
Performs nuclear, biological, and Joint Biological Point Detection FY0910: Additional low-rate initial
Recapitalization chemical (NBC) reconnaissance; and System (JBPDS), and at a distance, production
locates, identifies, marks, samples, through the use of the Joint Service FY10: Initial operational test and
Maintenance
Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent evaluation
and reports NBC contamination on the
Detector (JSLSCAD). It automatically
battlefield. integrates contamination information PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
from detectors with input from onboard FY11: Full-rate production
DESCRIPTION navigation and meteorological systems
The Nuclear Biological Chemical and transmits digital NBC warning
Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV) messages through the vehicles
Stryker is the chemical, biological, command and control equipment to
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) warn follow-on forces. NBCRV can
reconnaissance configuration of collect samples for follow-on analysis.
the infantry carrier vehicle in the
Stryker Brigade Combat Teams, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Heavy Brigade Combat Teams, and In this Publication
chemicalcompanies. Joint Biological Point Detection System
(JBPDS)
The NBCRV-Stryker Sensor Suite
consists of a dedicated system of CBRN Other Major Interdependencies
detection, warning, and biological- ACADA, AN/UDR-13 Radiac Detector,
sampling equipment on a Stryker CBMS, Chemical Vapor Sampler System
vehicle (high speed, high mobility, (CVSS), JSLSCAD, Nuclear Biological
armored carrier). The NBCRV detects Chemical Sensor Processing Group
chemical, radiological, and biological (NBCSPG)
contamination in its immediate
environment through the Chemical
Biological Mass Spectrometer (CBMS),
Automatic Chemical Agent Detector
Alarm (ACADA), AN/VDR-2 Radiac

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


261

Nuclear Biological Chemical


Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)
Stryker Sensor Suite

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime Vehicle:
General Dynamics Land Systems
(SterlingHeights, MI)
Sensor Software Integrator:
CACI Technologies (Manassas, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


262

One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and Close Combat Tactical Trainer. training, exercise, and military SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
OneSAF will serve as the basis for operations. OneSAF is designed to meet Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization subsequent modernization activities the constructive training challenges OneSAF provides required
for simulators across the Army. presented by transformation. With capabilities for SE Core; OneSAF is
Maintenance
OneSAF was designed to represent a full range of warfighter functional a complementary Tier I program of
the modular and Future Force and area representations, OneSAF E-ICBT.
MISSION provides entities, units, and behaviors displays a high fidelity environmental
Provides simulation software that across the spectrum of military representation. OneSAF is a cross- PROGRAM STATUS
supports constructive and virtual operations in the contemporary domain simulation suitable for 4QFY10: OneSAF version 4.0
training, computer-generated forces, operating environment. OneSAF supporting training, analysis, research, released
has been crafted to be uniquely experimentation, mission-planning, 4QFY10: OneSAF version 5.0
and mission rehearsal designed for
capable of simulating aspects of the and rehearsal activities. It provides released
brigade-and-below, combat, and non- contemporary operating environment the latest physics-based modeling and
combat operations. and its effects on simulated activities data, enhanced data collection, and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and behaviors. OneSAF is unique in reporting capabilities. 2QFY11: Release OneSAF
DESCRIPTION its ability to model unit behaviors version5.0 (International)
One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF) from fire team to company level for all Interoperability support is present
is a next generation, entity-level unitsboth combat and non-combat for industry standards such as
simulation that supports both operations. Intelligent, doctrinally Distributed Interactive Simulation,
computer-generated forces and Semi- correct behaviors and improved High Level Architecture, Military
Automated Forces applications. This graphical user interfaces are provided Scenario Development Language, Joint
enables it to support a wide range of to increase the span of control for Consultation Command and Control
Army brigade-and-below constructive workstationoperators. Information Exchange Data Model, and
simulations and virtual simulators. Army Battle Command System devices.
OneSAF represents a full range of
OneSAF is currently being integrated operations, systems, and control
by the Synthetic Environment Core processes in support of simulation
program as the replacement SAF applications applied to advanced
for virtual trainers such as Aviation concepts and requirements; research,
Combined Arms Tactical Trainer development, and acquisition; and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


263

One Semi-Automated Forces


(OneSAF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Czech
Republic, Egypt, Korea, New Zealand,
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
A&I, M&T, ERC:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Orlando, FL)
Integrated Environment:
Advanced Systems Technology
(Orlando,FL)
C4I Components:
Northrop Grumman Information Systems
(NGIS) (McLean, VA)
AAR/MSDE:
CAE USA (Tampa, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


264

Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization space, weight, and power concerns and Non-line-of-sight cannon technology: PROGRAM STATUS
ensures long-term sustainment of the Common electric elevation/traverse FY10: Produced five PIM Howitzer
Recapitalization fleet through 2050. drives gun system and electric and two FAASV prototype vehicles
rammer are included.
Maintenance
PIM uses state-of-the art components PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
to improve the following: Other PIM specifications include the 1QFY112QFY12: Build two PIM
MISSION Survivability: Shoot and scoot following: Howitzer and one FAASV prototype
Provides the primary indirect fire tactics; improved ballistic and Crew: Paladin, four; FAASV, five vehicles
support for modular Heavy Brigade nuclear, biological, and chemical Combat loaded weight: Paladin, 37 2QFY111QFY13: Developmental
Combat Teams and armored and protection on both the Howitzer and tons; FAASV, 28 tons testing
FAASV. Paladin on-board ammo: 39 rounds 3QFY13: Milestone C
mechanized infantry divisions, as well
Responsive fires: Capable of firing FAASV on-board ammo: 95 rounds
as an armored ammunition resupply within 45 seconds from a complete Rates of fire: 4 rounds per minute for
vehicle in support of the Paladin. stop with on-board communications, first 3 minutes maximum; 1 round per
remote travel lock, automated minute sustained
DESCRIPTION cannon slew capability, and pivot Maximum range: HE/RAP, 22/30
The M109A6 (Paladin) 155mm steer technology. kilometers
Howitzer is the most technologically Improved Survivability: New chassis Cruising range: Paladin, 180 miles;
advanced self-propelled cannon structure and armoring provisions FAASV, 180 miles
system in the Army. The field artillery are built in. Fire Support Network: Paladin
ammunition supply vehicle (FAASV) Extended range: 30 kilometers with Digital Fire Control System software
provides an armored ammunition high-explosive (HE), Rocket-Assisted supports Fire Support Network
resupply vehicle in support of Projectile (RAP) and Excalibur
thePaladin. Projectiles using M203 or M232/ SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
M232A1 MACS propellant. Advanced Field Artillery Tactical
The Paladin Integrated Management Increased commonality and Data System (AFATDS), Artillery
(PIM) program supports the fleet reliability: Through Bradley common Ammunition, Excalibur (XM982),
management strategy for current powertrain, track, and suspension ForceXXI Battle Command Brigade
Paladins and FAASVs by providing components. and Below (FBCB2), Precision
a low-risk and affordable life-cycle Guidance Kit (PGK)
solution that addresses obsolescence,

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


265

Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition


Supply Vehicle (FAASV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
PIM Development:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
PIM SW Support/FATB/Matrix Support:
Armaments R&D Center
(PicatinnyArsenal, NJ)
Program Management Support:
Tank-Automotive and Armaments
Command (TACOM) (Warren, MI)
Testing:
Yuma Proving Ground (Yuma, AZ)
Aberdeen Test Center (Aberdeen Proving
Ground, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


266

Palletized Load System (PLS) and PLS Extended Service


Program (ESP)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the PLS trailer (M1076), container wheels, increased corrosion protection,
Supports combat units by performing handling unit for transporting 20- enhanced electrical package, and
Recapitalization cross-country movement of configured foot ISO containers, the M3/M3A1 independent front suspension on
loads of ammunition and other classes Container Roll-in/Out Platform, and theA1.
Maintenance
the M1/M1077A1 flat racks. The
of supply loaded on flat racks or in
PLS has the ability to operate with a SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
containers. degree of mobility commensurate with None
the supported weapon systems, to
DESCRIPTION facilitate the fighting capabilities of the PROGRAM STATUS
The Palletized Load System (PLS) supported systems and units. Current: To date, fielded
is a ten-wheel-drive (10x10), multi- approximately 5,500 PLS trucks and
drive truck with 16.5 ton capacity The PLSA1 model is planned for 9,081 PLS trailers
that provides the timely delivery of fielding in 2011. It will include:
a high tonnage of ammunition, unit independent front suspension, a PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
equipment, International Organization new C-15 engine, the Allison 4500 FY11: PLSA1 type classification/
for Standardization (ISO) containers/ transmission, J-1939 data-bus, and materiel release
shelters, and all classes of supply to a cab that will be common with the FY11: PLSA1 first unit equipped
using units and weapon systems as far HEMTTA4 and is long-term armor
forward in the maneuver battalion area strategy compliant.
as the tactical situation allows. The
PLS consists of the PLS truck, PLS The PLS Extended Service
trailer (PLS-T), and demountable flat Program (ESP) is a recapitalization
racks. The PLS truck is a 10x10 prime program that converts high-mileage
mover with an integral onboard load PLS trucks to 0 miles/0 hours
handling system that provides self- and to the current A0 and future
loading and unloading capability. A1 production configurations. The
trucks are disassembled and rebuilt
There are two PLS truck variants, the with improved technology such as
basic PLS truck (M1075) and the PLS an electronically controlled engine,
truck with material handling crane electronic transmission, air ride seats,
(M1074). The system also includes four-point seatbelts, bolt-together

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


267

Palletized Load System (PLS) and


PLS Extended Service Program
(ESP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Turkey, Israel, Jordan

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Engine:
Detroit Diesel (Emporia, KS; Redford, MI)
Caterpillar C-15 (Peoria, IL)
Transmission:
PLS PLSA1 Allison Transmission (Indianapolis, IN)
Engine DDC 8V92 - 500 horsepower CAT C-15 - 600 hp @ 2100 RPM Tires:
Transmission Allison CLT-755 - 5 Speed Allison HD 4500 - 6 Speed Michelin (Greenville, SC)
Transfer Case Oshkosh 55,000 - 2 Speed New Oshkosh - 2 Speed
Axles Front: Tandem Rockwell SVI 5MR Oshkosh / Rockwell
Suspension: Front Tandem Hendrickson RT-340 - Walking Beam Oshkosh TAK-4TM Steel Spring
Axles: Rear Tridem Rockwell SVI 5MR Rockwell SVI 5MR
Suspension - Axle #3 Hendrickson-Turner Air Ride Hendrickson-Turner Air Ride
Suspension - Axles #4 & #5 Hendrickson RT-400 - Walking Beam Hendrickson RT-400 - Walking Beam
Wheel Ends Rockwell Standard MTVR
Control Arms N/A PLS Block 1 - New
Steering Gears - Front 492 Master / M110 Slave M110 Master / M110 Slave
Steering Gears - Rear 492 M110
Frame Rails 14 inch 14 inch
Cab PLS Common Cab
Radiator PLS - Roof Mount PLSA1 - Side Mount
Muffler PLS PLSA1 - New
Air Cleaner United Air United Air
LHS Multilift MK V Multilift MK V
Crane Grove Grove
Tires Michelin 16.00 R20 XZLT Michelin 16.00 R20 XZLT
Spare Tire 1 - Side Mounted 1 - Roof Mounted
CTI CM Automotive Dana
Air Compressor 1400 Bendix 922 Bendix
Starter Prestolite Prestolite
Alternator 12/24V 24V - 260 Amp Niehoff

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


268

PATRIOT Advanced CapabilityThree (PAC-3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION platform for PAC-2 or PAC-3 missiles, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Protects ground forces and critical which are sealed in canisters that In this Publication
Recapitalization assets at all echelons from advanced serve as shipping containers and Air/Missile Defense Planning and
aircraft, cruise missiles, and tactical launch tubes. Control System (AMDPCS); Integrated
Maintenance
Air and Missile Defense (IAMD);
ballistic missiles.
The PAC-3 primary mission is to kill Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile
DESCRIPTION maneuvering and non-maneuvering Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
The PATRIOT Advanced Capability TBMs, and counter advanced cruise System (JLENS); Joint Tactical Ground
Three (PAC-3) program is an air- missile and aircraft threats. The PAC-3 Stations (JTAGS)
defense, guided missile system with missile uses hit-to-kill technology for
long-range, medium- to high-altitude, greater lethality against TBMs armed Other Major Interdependencies
all-weather capabilities designed to with weapons of mass destruction. ABMOC, AEGIS, AMDTF, AOC,
counter tactical ballistic missiles The PAC-3 system upgrades have AWACS, CRC, HAWKEYE, IAMD, P/M
(TBMs), cruise missiles, and advanced provided improvements that increase CAP, PEO Integration, RIVET-JOINT,
aircraft. The combat element of the performance against evolving threats, SHORAD, TACC, TAOC, THAAD
PATRIOT missile system is the fire meet user requirements, and enhance
unit, which consists of a phased array Joint interoperability. Patriots fast- PROGRAM STATUS
radar set (RS), an engagement control reaction capability, high firepower, 1QFY09: Post deployment build6.5
station (ECS), a battery command post, ability to track numerous targets (PDB-6.5) development, test, and
an electric power plant, an antenna simultaneously, and ability to operate evaluation
mast group, a communications relay in a severe electronic countermeasure
group, and launching stations (LS) environment make it the Armys PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
with missiles. premier air defense system. The PAC- 3QFY071QFY11: Missile Segment
3 Missile Segment Enhancement, Enhancement (MSE) flight testing
The RS provides the tactical functions currently in development, is planned 3QFY12: PDB-7
of airspace surveillance, target to be used with the PAC-3 system and 4QFY14: MSE fielding begins
detection, identification, classification, will be the baseline interceptor for the
tracking, missile guidance, and Medium Extended Air Defense System,
engagement support. The ECS provides which succeeds the PATRIOT system.
command and control. Depending upon
configuration, the LS provides the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


269

PATRIOT Advanced CapabilityThree


(PAC-3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Taiwan,
United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Missile Program Management Team:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX)
Seeker Program Management Team:
Boeing (Anaheim, CA)
Mods: Raytheon (Tewksbury, MA;
LongBeach, CA)
Seeker Manufacturing/RFDL:
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control
(Chelmsford, MA)
ELES: Lockheed Martin (Lufkin, TX)
System Integration:
RaytheonEl Paso (El Paso, TX)
Raytheon (Huntsville, AL)
RaytheonNorfolk (Norfolk, VA)
RaytheonBurlington (Burlington, MA)
Missile Assembly:
Lockheed Martin (Camden, AR)
Integration/GSE: Raytheon (Andover, MA)
Seeker: Boeing (Huntsville, AL)
Seeker Assembly: Boeing (El Paso, TX)
SRM/ACM: Aerojet (Camden, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


270

Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The PGK program is following an PROGRAM STATUS
Improves the accuracy of existing incremental program approach. Current: Increment 1 program is
Recapitalization conventional artillery ammunition. Increment 1, the XM1156 PGK, will be in engineering and manufacturing
compatible with 155mm high explosive development
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION (HE) projectiles fired from the M109A6
The Precision Guidance Kit (PGK) Paladin and M777A2 Joint Lightweight PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
is an affordable Global Positioning 155mm Howitzer. Future increments Increment 1
System (GPS) guidance kit with fuzing could expand this capability to 105mm FY12: Initial operational capability
functions that is compatible with the HE and cargo cartridges (to be fired
existing stockpile of conventional from the M119A3 Howitzer), 155mm
cannon artillery projectiles. PGK uses cargo projectiles, and improvements in
an integrated GPS receiver to correct accuracy and anti-jam capability.
the inherent errors associated with
ballistic firing solutions, reducing the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
number of artillery projectiles required None
to attack targets. The increase in
efficiency and effectiveness offered
by PGK provides commanders the
operational capability to defeat more
targets with the same basic load,
while reducing the logistics burden
associated with the current mission
requirement.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


271

Precision Guidance Kit (PGK)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Increment 1
Prime:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
Subcontractor:
L-3 Interstate Electronics Corp.
(Anaheim,CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


272

Prophet

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and identification of radio frequency The Prophet Enhanced System will Other Major Interdependencies
emitters. It is interoperable on the provide increased capability over Global Positioning System,
Recapitalization Global Signals Intelligence Enterprise, existing Prophet ES 1 Systems. The Trojan lightweight integrated
delivering collected data to common Prophet Enhanced System has been telecommunications equipment,
Maintenance
databases for access by the community. accelerated to provide upgraded tactical radio communications systems,
Prophets tactical mobility allows capability integrated on an XM1229 light tactical vehicles and assured
MISSION supported units to easily reposition its Medium Mine Protected Vehicle mobility systems, WIN-T for WBLOS
Provides a near-real-time picture of collection capability on the battlefield to to provide better crew protection,
the battlespace through the use of support evolving situations. Prophet can and fielded to units in preparation PROGRAM STATUS
signals intelligence sensors offering the be removed and used as a dismounted fordeployment. 2QFY10: Prophet Enhanced quick
capability for long-term operations. reaction capability (QRC) first-unit
capability to detect, identify, and locate
Prophet Control is integrated on an equipped
selected emitters. Prophet Electronic Support 1 (ES 1) armored M1165 HMMWV. Prophet 2QFY104QFY10: Fielded Prophet
System is integrated on an armored Control is the analytical node Enhanced QRC systems to Army
DESCRIPTION M1165 High Mobility Multipurpose that tasks the Prophet ES 1 and Transformation BCTs and Battlefield
Prophet is a 24-hour, all weather, Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). The Enhanced Systems for data collection Surveillance Brigade
near-real-time, ground-based tactical Prophet ES 1 System is being andreporting. 4QFY10: Prophet EnhancedRCON
signals intelligence/electronic warfare fielded to active and reserve units contract mod awarded
capability organic to the Brigade in support of Operation Enduring The Prophet EnhancedRCON
Combat Team (BCT), Stryker BCT, Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom. system will be a vehicle agnostic/ PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Armored Cavalry Regiment, and Some Prophet ES 1 Systems were modular system that will allow easy 1Q4QFY11: Continue Prophet ES1
Battlefield Surveillance Brigade. updated to include Wideband Beyond- vehicle integration, and will increase and Prophet Enhanced Systems
Prophet contains from two to four Line-of-Site (WBLOS) capabilities the Prophet Enhanced Systems fieldings
Electronic Support 1/Enhanced based on the present PM Warfighter capability to simultaneously perform 1Q4QFY11: Continue to defield
Systems, one to two controls, and Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) multiplemissions. Prophet Block I systems as Prophet
a TROJANLightweight Integrated architecture. This capability allows ES 1 and Prophet Enhanced Systems
Telecommunications Equipment operation without the constraints of SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES are fielded
(T-LITE) per control. It provides near- line-of-sight communication, increasing In this Publication 2QFY11: Prophet Enhanced first
real-time force protection, situational the systems capability to operate Distributed Communications Ground unit equipped
awareness, and actionable intelligence at extended distance and perform SystemArmy (DCGS-A)
by reporting the location, tracking, distributedoperations.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


273

Prophet

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prophet Enhanced Sensor Production:
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Prophet ES 1 Sensor and Control
Production:
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA;
Melbourne, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


274

Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION loiter, and return home. In-flight PROGRAM STATUS
Provides reconnaissance, surveillance, re-tasking and auto-loiter at sensor Current: In production and
Recapitalization target acquisition (RSTA), and force payload point of interest are also deployment
protection for the battalion commander available. Raven incorporates secure Current: Operational in both
Maintenance
global positioning system navigation. Operation Iraqi Freedom and
and below during day/night operations.
The Raven system is comprised of Operation Enduring Freedom
DESCRIPTION three air vehicles, a ground control
The RQ-11B Raven Small Unmanned station (GCS), a remote video terminal PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Aircraft System (SUAS) is a hand- (identical to GCS), EO/IR payloads, FY1112: Continue full-
launched, unmanned aircraft system aircraft and GCS batteries, a field rate production and product
capable of 90 minutes of flight repair kit, and a spares package. improvements
time with an operational range of The digital data link incorporates
approximately ten kilometers. Normal encryption, improves spectrum
operational altitude is 500 feet or management allowing more air vehicles
lower. The system, aircraft, and to be flown in an operational area, and
ground control station are assembled provides range extension via data relay
by operators in approximately five between two Raven aircraft.
minutes. The aircraft, which has
a wingspan of 4.5 feet, weighs 4.2 The Raven is operated by two Soldiers
pounds. Day and night operations and has a rucksack-portable design. No
are possible using interchangeable specific military occupational specialty
modular payloads. Both color electro- is required. Operator training is ten
optical (EO) sensors and infrared (IR) days.
sensors are fielded with each system.
A hand controller displays live video SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
and aircraft status. Mission planning None
is performed on the hand controller
or ruggedized laptop running PFPS/
Falcon View flight planning software.
Aircraft flight modes include fully
autonomous navigation, altitude hold,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


275

Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft


System (SUAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Estonia, Lebanon

CONTRACTORS
Aerovironment, Inc. (Simi Valley, CA)
Indigo System Corp. (Goleta, CA)
All American Racers, Inc. (Santa Ana, CA)
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA)
Bren-Tronics (Commack, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


276

Rough Terrain Container Handler (RTCH)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION on hard-stand, over-sand terrain, and PROGRAM STATUS
Provides container handling and cross-country, executing ammunition FY09: Contractor completed
Recapitalization materiel handling capability in cargo handling and transportation transfer to continental United States
transfer companies, transportation operations. The system is capable of production
Maintenance
conducting operations in cold, basic,
companies, quartermaster units, and
and hot climates. Additionally, RTCH PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
ammunitions platoons. can ford up to 60 inches of sea water. Continue: Production and fielding

DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES


The Rough Terrain Container Handler None
(RTCH) is a commercial, non-
developmental item acquired for cargo-
handling missions worldwide. The
vehicle lifts, moves, and stacks both
20-foot and 40-foot American National
Standards Institute/International
Organization for Standardization
containers and shelters weighing up to
53,000 pounds.

Improvements to RTCH include


the capability to transport by rail,
highway, or water in less than 2 1/2
hours, reducing preparation time for
air transport (C5A and C17) from 16
hours to less than one hour; stacking
nine-foot, six-inch containers three
high; achieving a forward speed of 23
miles per hour; and adding a full-range
extendable boom and flexible top
handler. RTCH will operate worldwide,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


277

Rough Terrain Container Handler


(RTCH)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Kalmar Rough Terrain Center (KRTC) LLC
(Cibolo, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


278

Screening Obscuration Device (SOD)Visual Restricted (Vr)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The SOD-Vr provides a less hazardous PROGRAM STATUS
Provides the warfighter with the alternative to current non-colored FY09: Full-rate production; full
Recapitalization ability to safely employ short- smoke and incendiary hand grenades materiel release decision
duration obscuration in the visual because the fill is non-combustible and FY10: System redesign to include
Maintenance
non-burning. enhanced safety (visual- and
and near-infrared (IR) portions of the
tactical-recognition) features
electromagnetic spectrum, screening SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
dismounted maneuvers of the individual None PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Soldier or team on restricted and FY11: Field systems to the
complex terrain. warfighter

DESCRIPTION
The M106 Screening Obscuration
DeviceVisual Restricted (SOD-Vr)
provides the warfighter the capability
to rapidly employ small-area, short-
duration, screening obscuration effects
in the visual through near-IR spectrum
(0.4.1.2 micron range) during full-
spectrum operations.

The SOD-Vr is designed for use


in restrictive terrain (i.e., urban
structures, subterranean locations,
and caves). The SOD-Vr degrades
proper operation and performance of
enemy battlefield weapon systems and
enhances friendly capabilities.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


279

Screening Obscuration Device


(SOD)Visual Restricted (Vr)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Pine Bluff Arsenal (Pine Bluff, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


280

Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable TacticalTerminal (SMART-T)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SMART-T will include up-armoring PROGRAM STATUS
Provides range extension to the in compliance with recent changes 2QFY074QFY10: Deployed up to
Recapitalization Armys current and future tactical in Army policy for the deployment of 47 SMART-Ts in Southwest Asia;
communications networks. personnel carriers. received positive feedback
Maintenance
3QFY08: Completed fielding of 239
DESCRIPTION SMART-T processes data and voice EHF SMART-Ts
The Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable communications at both low and 2QFY09: Completed Army buyout of
TacticalTerminal (SMART-T) medium data rates. The terminal AEHF SMART-T Upgrade Kits
is a mobile military satellite provides worldwide, anti-jam, low 3QFY10: Awarded contract to
communication terminal mounted on a probability of intercept, secure voice, procure 39 complete AEHF SMART-Ts
standard High Mobility Multipurpose and data capabilities for the Joint
Wheeled Vehicle. The SMART-T warfighter. Its enhanced system PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
extends the range of current and future interfaces include base-band interface 1QFY11: Obtain conditional
tactical communications networks changes, accommodating additional materiel release for AEHF SMART-T
through DoD Milstar communication data rates. SMART-T will be fielded at modification work order
satellites. With the SMART-Ts higher the brigade and division levels. 2QFY11: Initiate AEHF SMART-T
power transmitter, it now provides fieldings to operational Army units
data rates up to 8.192 million bits SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY12: SMART-T will participate
per second (Mbps). It provides the Other Major Interdependencies in Air Force AEHF multi-service
Army with its only protected (anti- The SMART-T communicates with operational test and evaluation
jam and anti-scintillation) wideband Milstar military communication
satellite communication capability satellites, and is being upgraded
with new AEHF Transmission Security to communicate with AEHF
(TRANSEC) algorithms. A production communication satellites.
contract was awarded to upgrade
SMART-T to support the Advanced
Extremely High Frequency (AEHF)
waveform. The AEHF satellite system
will dramatically increase the Armys
end-to-end communications throughput
capability. The AEHF upgrade to the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


281

Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable


TacticalTerminal (SMART-T)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Production and Spares:
Raytheon (Largo, FL)
Engineering Support, Management:
Raytheon (Marlborough, MA)
Circuit Cards:
Teledyne (Lewisburg, TN)
Filters:
Transtector (Hayden, ID)
Amplifier Assemblies:
Spectrum Microwave (Marlborough, MA)
COMSEC:
L-3 Communications (Camden, NJ )
New Equipment Training/Fielding:
EPS Corp. (Martinez, GA)
Satellite Simulator:
Lincoln Labs (Lexington, MA)
Technical/Fielding Support:
Linquest Corp. (Colorado Springs, CO)
Admin/Tech:
JANUS Research (Eatontown, NJ)
Technical:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


282

Sentinel

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization group mounted on a high-mobility Sentinel modernization efforts PROGRAM STATUS
trailer, the identification friend-or- include enhanced target range and 4QFY10: Delivery and installation of
Recapitalization foe system (IFF), and the FAAD C2 classification upgrades to engage 14 Improved Sentinel Kits on radars
interface. The sensor is an advanced non-line-of-sight targets; increased
Maintenance
three-dimensional battlefield X-band detection and acquisition range PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
air defense phased-array radar with a of targets; enhanced situational 2QFY11: Contract award for 62
MISSION 40-kilometer range. awareness; and classification of Improved Sentinels
Provides persistent surveillance and fire cruise missiles. The system provides 2QFY11: Contract award for 156
control quality data through external Sentinel can operate day and night, integrated air tracks with classification AN/TPX-57 IFFs
command and control platforms, in adverse weather conditions, and recognition of platforms that give FY1113: Installation/upgrade of
and in battlefield environments of an integrated air and cruise missile radars with 33 Improved Sentinel
enabling protection against cruise
dust, smoke, aerosols, and enemy defense solution for the Air and Missile Kits
missiles, aircraft, unmanned aerial countermeasures. It provides Defense System of Systems Increment
vehicles, and rocket, artillery, and 360-degree azimuth coverage for 1 architecture and subsequent
mortar threats. acquisition and tracking of targets increments. Sentinel provides critical
(cruise missiles, unmanned aerial air surveillance of the National Capital
DESCRIPTION vehicles, rotary and fixed-wing Region and other areas as part of
Sentinel is used with the Armys aircraft) moving at supersonic to ongoing homeland defense efforts, and
Forward Area Air Defense Command hovering speeds and at positions from is a component of the counter rocket,
and Control (FAAD C2) system and the map of the earth to the maximum artillery, and mortar batteries in the
provides key target data to Stinger- engagement altitude of short-range area of responsibility.
based weapon systems and battlefield air defense weapons. Sentinel detects
commanders via FAAD C2 or targets before they can engage, thus SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
directly, using an Enhanced Position improving air defense weapon reaction FAAD C2, Surface Launched Advanced
Location Reporting System or the time and allowing engagement at Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile
Single Channel Ground and Airborne optimum ranges. Sentinels integrated (SLAMRAAM)
RadioSystem. IFF system reduces the potential for
engagement of friendly aircraft.
Sentinel consists of the M1097A1
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
Vehicle, the antenna transceiver

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


283

Sentinel

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt, Lithuania, Turkey

CONTRACTORS
Thales Raytheon Systems (Fullerton, CA;
El Paso, TX; Forest, MS; Largo, FL)
CAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


284

Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (TUAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Control Station (OSGCS) is the only vehicle (UAV) warrant officer, 12 Air SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Joint-certified Ground Control Station Vehicle Operators/Mission Payload In this Publication
Recapitalization (GCS) in the Department of Defense. Operators, four electronic warfare HMMWV Family of Vehicles, Single
The RQ-7B Shadow can be transported repair personnel, and three engine Channel Ground and Airborne Radio
Maintenance
by six Air Force C-130 aircraft. It is mechanics supporting launch and System (SINCGARS)
currently operational in both the Army recovery. The Maintenance Section
MISSION and Marine Corps. Multifunctional is manned by Soldiers Other Major Interdependencies
Provides reconnaissance, surveillance, who also transport spares and provide MEP803A 10kW
target acquisition, and force protection The RQ-7B Shadow configuration, maintenance support. The Mobile
for the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) in fielded in platoon sets, consists of: Maintenance Facility is manned by PROGRAM STATUS
Four air vehicles with day/night contractor personnel located with the Current: In production and
near-real-time during day/night and
electro-optical/infrared (IR) with Shadow platoon to provide logistics deployment; flown more than
limited adverse weather conditions. laser designator and IR illuminator support to include off system support 535,000 hours in support of combat
payloads and maintenance by repair. operations in Operation Iraqi
DESCRIPTION Two OSGCS on High Mobility Freedom and Operation Enduring
The RQ-7B Shadow Tactical Unmanned Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles The Shadow also has an early Freedom since achieving initial
Aircraft System (TUAS) has a (HMMWV) entry configuration of 15 Soldiers, operating capability
wingspan of 14 feet and a payload Four One System Remote Video one GCS, the air vehicle transport
capacity of approximately 60 pounds. Transceivers HMMWV, and the launcher trailer, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Gross takeoff weight exceeds 380 One hydraulic launcher which can be transported in three FY1112: Field remaining
pounds and endurance is more than Two ground data terminals C-130s. All components can be slung production systems; procure and field
five hours on-station at a distance of 50 Associated trucks, trailers, and under a CH47 or CH-53 helicopter laser designator, Tactical Common
kilometers. The system is compatible support equipment fortransport. Data Link, and Universal Ground
with the All Source Analysis System, Control Station retrofits; develop
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Shadow systems are manned by and field reliability and product
System, Joint Surveillance Target dedicated Unmanned Aircraft System improvements
Attack Radar System Common Ground platoons of 22 soldiers and typically
Station, Joint Technical Architecture two contractors. Shadow platoons
Army, and the Defense Information are organic to the BCT. The Soldier
Infrastructure Common Operating platoon consists of a platoon leader,
Environment. The One System Ground platoon sergeant, unmanned aerial

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


285

Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aircraft


System (TUAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia

CONTRACTORS
Shadow System:
AAI Corp. (Textron Systems)
(HuntValley,MD)
TCDL:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)
Shelter Integration:
CMI (Huntsville, AL)
GDT:
Tecom (Chatsworth, CA)
Shelters:
General Dynamics (Marion, VA)
ACE II Flight:
Athena (Warrenton, VA)
Mode IV IFF:
Raytheon (Baltimore, MD)
Amplifiers:
CTT (Santa Clara, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


286

Single Channel Ground and Airborne


Radio System (SINCGARS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION weighs significantly less, while still will allow the radios to continue to
Provides Joint commanders with a maintaining all the functionalities of provide secure communications to the
Recapitalization highly reliable, low-cost, secure, and the SIP for backward compatibility. secret and top-secret level of security.
Maintenance easily maintained Combat NET Radio
Enhancements include the Embedded SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
(CNR) that has both voice and data
Global Positioning System (GPS) None
handling capability in support of tactical Receiver (EGR) and the radio-based
command and control operations. combat identification/radio-based PROGRAM STATUS
situational awareness (RBCI/ 3QFY08FY10: Continue to field
DESCRIPTION RBSA) capability, which provides the in accordance with Headquarters
The Single Channel Ground and warfighter with enhanced situational Department of the Army guidance to
Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) awareness and identification of friendly support the Army Campaign Plan;
Advanced SINCGARS System forces in targeted areas. RBCI serves National Guard, Army Reserve, and
Improvement Program (ASIP) radio as a gap filler for combat identification, Active Army, Operation Enduring
is the DoD/Army multi-service fielded providing an interrogation/responder Freedom requirements and urgent
solution for voice communication for capability to satisfy the air-to-ground Operational Needs Statement
platoon level and above, operating positive identification of platforms 3QFY09: Competitive contract
over the 30.000 to 87.975MHz prior to release of weapons to award for procurement of SINCGARS
frequency range. This radio provides prevent fratricide. RBSA adds a radio radios to meet approved acquisition
the capability of establishing two- beaconing capability for every ASIP- objective requirement in FY09
way communications (including equipped platform to enhance the Blue
jam-resistance) using the SINCGARS Force situational awareness picture. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
waveform and provides multimode The Internet controller enhancements FY114QFY13: Fielding of
voice and data communications add improved addressing capabilities SINCGARS to Army Overseas
supporting ground, air-to-ground, in support of tactical Internet Contingency Operation through FY13
and ground-to-air line-of-sight enhancements being provided by Joint
communications links. The ASIP radio Battle CommandPlatform for Joint
is the newer version of the SINCGARS interoperability. Crypto modernization
radio. It is smaller than the SIP and is a programmable communications
security capability for SINCGARS that

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


287

Single Channel Ground and Airborne


Radio System (SINCGARS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Bahrain, Croatia, Egypt, Estonia,
Finland, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Ireland,
Italy, Korea, Kuwait, Morocco, New
Zealand, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, SHAPE
Tech Center, Slovakia, Taiwan, Thailand,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe

CONTRACTORS
Radio design/production:
ITT (Fort Wayne, IN)
Hardware Installation Kits:
UNICOR (Washington, DC)
Engineering Support and Testing:
ITT (Clifton, NJ)
Total Package Fielding:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


288

Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The M240L short barrel variant is The M2E2 Quick Change Barrel 3QFY09: Awarded letter contract for
21.8 pounds, 5.4 pounds lighter than (QCB) Kit improves performance initial production deliveries
Recapitalization theM240B. and is easier and safer to use. Other 1QFY10: Deliver first low-rate initial
upgrades improve on the battle-proven production quantity of 50 weapons
Maintenance
The M249 Squad Automatic Weapon M2 and can be retrofitted to existing M249:
(SAW) replaces the M16A1 Automatic M2HBweapons. In production
MISSION Rifle at the squad level, as well as 2QFY09: Competitive IDIQ contract
Enables warfighters and small units to some M60 multipurpose machine The MK19 Grenade Machine Gun awarded
engage targets with lethal fire to defeat guns in non-infantry units. The M249 supports the Soldier by delivering 4QFY09: Awarded second delivery
or deter adversaries. delivers greater range and rates of fire heavy, accurate, and continuous order on FY09 IDIQ contract
than the M16 or M4. firepower against enemy personnel
DESCRIPTION and lightly armored vehicles. The PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The M240B 7.62mm Medium Machine A collapsible buttstock improves MK19 can be mounted on a tripod or M240B:
Gun has been reconfigured for ground weapons control when fired in confined on multiple vehicle platforms and is Continue: Production and fielding
applications with buttstock, bipod, iron spaces. A new short barrel allows the primary suppressive weapon for M240L:
sights, and forward-rail assemblies. The for improved egress and maneuver in combat support and combat service FY11: Full materiel release
M240B has a maximum effective range close quarter combat. An improved supportunits. M249:
of 1,800 meters, a cyclic rate of fire of bipod provides Soldiers with increased Continue: Production and fielding
650 rounds per minute, and a muzzle reliability and weapon accuracy, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Continue: Participation in small
velocity of 2,800 feet per second. including on uneven terrain. None arms readiness evaluation team to
inspect, repair, renovate, or replace
The M240L 7.62mm Medium The M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun is PROGRAM STATUS M249 weapons for units deploying
Machine Gun (Light) incorporates highly effective against light armored M240B: overseas
titanium construction and alternative vehicles, low- and slow-flying aircraft, In production MK19
manufacturing methods to achieve and small boats. The M2 provides Fielding ongoing Continue: Production delivery under
significant weight savings. These suppressive fire for offensive and 4QFY09: Competitive indefinite new contract
improvements reduce the Soldiers defensive purposes. It is capable of delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ) Continue: Fielding in support of
combat load while allowing easier single-shot (ground M2 Machine Gun) contract awarded current operations
handling and movement of the weapon. and automatic fire. M240L:
4QFY08: Type classification and
low-rate production

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UNITED STATES ARMY


289

Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M240B Machine Gun:
Afghanistan, Jordan, Yemen
M249 SAW:
Afghanistan, Colombia, El Salvador
MK19 Grenade Machine Gun:
None
M2:
Afghanistan, Jordan

CONTRACTORS
M249 SAW:
Fabrique National Manufacturing, LLC
(Columbia, SC)
M240B Machine Gun:
Fabrique National Manufacturing, LLC
(Columbia, SC)
MK19 Grenade Machine Gun:
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (Saco, ME)
Alliant Techsystems (Mesa, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


290

Small ArmsIndividual Weapons

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization thousand M14 EBRs were assembled be mounted on the shotgun. The bolt 1QFY09: Materiel release and full-
at TACOM Lifecycle Management handle is mountable on either side for rate production decision
Recapitalization Command at Rock Island Arsenal in ambidextrous handling. 3QFY09: First unit equipped
response to Operational Need Statements M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun
Maintenance
requesting a longer range capability. The MASS enables Soldiers to transition System:
The upgraded weapons are currently in between lethal and less-than-lethal fires 4QFY09: Limited user test and
MISSION service with select Army units. and adds the capability of a separate evaluation with MP units
Enables warfighters and small units to shotgun without carrying a second 2QFY10: Low-rate initial production
engage targets with lethal fire to defeat The M320 Grenade Launcher is the weapon. Additional features include a approved
or deter adversaries. replacement to all M203 series grenade box magazine, flip-up sights, and an 4QFY10: First article testing
launchers on M16 Rifles and M4 extendable stand-off device for door complete
DESCRIPTION Carbines. A modular system, it attaches breaching.
The M4 Carbine replaces the M16 series under the barrel of the rifle or carbine PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Rifles in all Brigade Combat Teams, and can convert to a stand-alone weapon. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES M4 Carbine:
Division Headquarters, and other The M320 improves on current grenade None Continue: M4 production, deliveries,
selected units. It is 1.4 pounds lighter launchers with an integral day/night and fielding
and more portable than the M16 series of sighting system and improved safety PROGRAM STATUS M14 EBR:
rifles. The M4 series of carbines can also features. It also has a side-loading M4 Carbine: 4QFY11: Complete remaining 1,200
be mounted with the M203A2 Grenade unrestricted breech that allows the Current: Delivery and fielding systems
Launcher, M320 Grenade Launcher, or system to fire longer 40mm low-velocity M14 EBR: Continue: In sustainment
M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System projectiles (NATO standard and non- 3QFY09: Army Requirements and M320 Grenade Launcher Module:
(MASS). standard). Resourcing Board approved 5,000 Continue: Production and fielding
systems Continue: Reduce size and weight of
The M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle (EBR) The lightweight M26 12-Gauge MASS 1QFY10: 1,200 additional systems day/night sight
has a new adjustable buttstock, cheek attaches to the M4 Carbine and zeroes authorized M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun
rest and M4-style pistol grip, making to the host weapon. It is also designed 3QFY10: First 5,000 complete System:
the rifle effective in both close quarters to operate as a stand-alone system, and (95percent fielded) 4QFY102QFY11: Ramp up to full
combat and in the Squad Designated comes with a recoil-absorbing, collapsible M320 Grenade Launcher Module: rate production
Marksman role. The EBR can be buttstock. The Picatinny rail mounted 1QFY09: Type classification- 2QFY11: Materiel release
returned to its original configuration on top allows accessory equipment to standard decisions 3QFY11: First unit equipped
with no permanent modifications. Five

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


291

Small ArmsIndividual Weapons

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M4 Carbine:
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Colombia,
ElSalvador, Jordan, Philippines
M4A1:
Bahrain, Yemen

CONTRACTORS
M4 Carbine:
Colts Manufacturing Co. (Hartford, CT)
M320 Grenade Launcher Module:
Heckler and Koch Defense Inc.
(Ashburn,VA)
M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun
System:
Vertu Corp. (Warrenton, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


292

Small Caliber Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Three categories of Small Caliber PROGRAM STATUS
Provides warfighters with the highest Ammunition are currently in use. Current: M855A1 Enhanced
Recapitalization quality, most capable small caliber War Reserve Ammo is modern Performance Round (M855
ammunition for training and combat. ammunition that supports individual replacement program) in full
Maintenance
and crew served weapons during production
DESCRIPTION combat operations. Training Standard
Small Caliber Ammunition consists Ammunition is dual-purpose, and is PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
of 5.56mm, 7.62mm, 9mm, 10- and used to support training or operational FY11: Produce and deliver one
12-gauge, .22 Cal., .30 Cal., .50 Cal., requirements. Training Unique billion rounds (5.56mm, 7.62mm, and
and Grenade Rifle Entry Munition Ammunition is designed specifically for 0.50 Cal.)
(GREM). The 5.56mm cartridge is use in training and is not for combat FY12: Complete Lake City Army
used by the M16 Rifle, M249 Squad use, i.e., blank, dummy, inert, and Ammunition Plant modernization
Automatic Weapon (SAW), and the short range training ammunition. program
M4 Carbine. The 7.62mm cartridge
is used by the M240 Machine Gun, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
and M60 Machine Gun, as well as Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons,
the M24, M110 and M14 EBR Sniper Small ArmsIndividual Weapons
Rifles. The 9mm cartridge is fired
by the M9 Pistol. The M2 Machine
Gun and the M107 Sniper Rifle use
.50 Cal. cartridges. The remaining
Small Caliber Ammunition is used in a
variety of pistols, rifles and shotguns.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


293

Small Caliber Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


5.56mm, 7.62mm, .50 Caliber:
Afghanistan, Colombia, Czech Republic,
El Salvador, France, Hungary, India, Iraq,
Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Tunisia,
Yemen

CONTRACTORS
Alliant Techsystems (Independence,MO)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (St. Petersburg, FL)
Olin Corp. (East Alton, IL)
General Dynamics (Saint Marks, FL)
SNC Technologies (LeGardeur, Qubec,
Canada)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


294

Sniper Night Sight (SNS), AN/PVS-10

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Weight: 4.9 pounds PROGRAM STATUS
Enables snipers to acquire and engage Magnification: 8.5x FY10: Fielded to snipers supporting
Recapitalization targets during day and night operations. Range: Target recognition (night): 600 Operation Enduring Freedom and
meters; target recognition (day): 800 Operation Iraqi Freedom
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION meters
The AN/PVS-10 Sniper Night Sight Operational time: 24 hours (with one PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(SNS) is a lightweight, weapon- battery set change) FY11: Continue to field in
mounted, self-contained image- Power: Two AA batteries accordance with Headquarters
intensified passive device designed Department of the Army guidance
primarily for use by snipers for day SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
and night operations. It has a range of None
600 meters at night, and 800 meters
during daylight. A day/night lever
enables the user to alternate between
day and night modes of operation. The
SNS employs a variable-gain image
intensifier that can be adjusted by the
user depending on the ambient light
levels. It includes a black-line reticle
for day use and can be illuminated for
night use when required.

An eyepiece diopter adjustment permits


use of the SNS without corrective
glasses. A rail mounting interface is
integrated into the base of the sight to
be quickly mounted to or dismounted
from the weapon.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


295

Sniper Night Sight (SNS),


AN/PVS-10

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Austria, Colombia, Kenya, Poland,
Thailand

CONTRACTORS
L-3 Communications Electro-Optical
Systems (Tempe, AZ; Garland, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


296

Spider

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Spider system contains three SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides the commander with a new main components: the remote control Other Major Interdependencies
Recapitalization capability to shape the battlefield, unit, residing within a computer Interface with Tactical Internet
protect the force, and respond to interface; the repeater, extending the through Force XXI Battle Command
Maintenance
remote control range; and a munition Brigade-and-Below and obstacle
changing battlefield environments in a
control unit for sending and receiving positioning through Global Positioning
graduated manner while minimizing risk commands as well as activating the System
to friendly troops and non-combatants. munitions. Spider can be used as a
force-protection-reinforcing obstacle PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION to delay, disrupt, and channel enemy 2QFY09: Fielding of urgent materiel
Anti-Personnel Landmine Alternatives forces as well as restrict their use release hardware to Operation
(APL/A) Track I (Spider) is a hand- of critical routes of terrain, thereby Enduring Freedom
emplaced, remotely-controlled, reducing civil casualties and the 1QFY10: Award contract
Man-in-the-Loop (MITL), anti- exposure of personnel to hostile fire. modification to procure up to an
personnel munition system. Spider It can also be integrated into a base additional 70 systems
provides munition field effectiveness, defense system, providing protection to
but does so without residual life- soldiers in forward operating bases and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
threatening risks after hostilities combat outposts. 1QFY11: Materiel release/type
end. The fielding of this system with classification standard
its sensors, communications, and The systems design allows for 1QFY11: Full-rate production
munitions changes the way Soldiers safe, flexible, and rapid deployment, decision
operate in an otherwise unpredictable reinforcement, and recovery as well 3QFY11: Full-rate production
battlefield. Each munition is controlled as safe passage of friendly forces. contract award
by a remotely stationed Soldier who Spider eliminates the possibility of an
monitors its sensors, allowing for unintended detonation through early
more precise (non-lethal to lethal) warning and selective engagement of
responsesa significant advancement enemy forces, and has a self-destruct
and advantage. The Spider Networked capability. Spider is designed for
Munitions System enables MITL to storage, transport, rough handling,
detect, track, classify, count, and and use in worldwide military
destroy the enemy. environments.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


297

Spider

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Textron Defense Systems
(Wilmington, MA)
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
Subcontractors:
Alliant Techsystems (RocketCenter,WV)
BAE Systems/Holston (Kingsport, TN)
American Ordnance (Milan, TN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


298

Stryker Family of Vehicles

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Commanders Vehicle, Fire Support run-flat capability, and has a central 1QFY10: Army announces plan to
Vehicle (FSV), Engineer Squad Vehicle, tire-inflation system. It also incorporates convert two Heavy Brigade Combat
Recapitalization Medical Evacuation Vehicle (MEV), a vehicle-height management system. Teams (HBCTs) to SBCTs, increasing
Anti-tank Guided Missile (ATGM) total SBCTs to nine
Maintenance
Vehicle, and the Nuclear Biological The Stryker program leverages non- 2QFY10: Acquisition Decision
Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle developmental items with common Memorandum (ADM) clarifies the term
MISSION (NBCRV). subsystems and components to allow correction regarding MGS deficiencies
Enables the Army to immediately rapid acquisition and fielding. Stryker and authorizing continued use of
respond to urgent operational The ICV (excluding the MEV, ATGM, integrates government furnished development or production funds in the
FSV, and RV) is armed with a Remote materiel subsystems as required and existing MGS fleet
requirements anywhere in the world
Weapon Station supporting an M2 .50 stresses performance and commonality 4QFY10: ADM authorizes concurrent
using rapidly deployable, agile, and
caliber machine gun or MK19 automatic to reduce the logistics footprint and production and testing of Army-
strategically responsive support grenade launcher, the M6 grenade minimize costs. directed requirement for 450
vehicles. launcher, and a thermal weapons Strykers with improved survivability
sight. Stryker supports communication SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES enhancements
DESCRIPTION suites that integrate the Single- In this Publication
As the primary combat and combat Channel Ground-and-Air Radio System FBCB2, SINCGARS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
support platform of the Stryker Brigade (SINCGARS) radio family; Enhanced 1QFY11: First HBCT begins
Combat Team (SBCT), the Stryker Position Location Reporting System Other Major Interdependencies conversion to SBCT
Family of Vehicles fulfills an immediate (EPLRS); Force XXI Battle Command DAGR, DVE, EPLRS, FH MUX, FS3, 1QFY11: Stryker Modernization
requirement for a strategically Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) or Blue KNIGHT, LRAS3, MCS, MFCS, RWS, requests a materiel development
deployable (C-17/C-5) brigade capable of Force Tracker (BFT); Global Positioning SHADOWFIRE, SPITFIRE, STORM, decision to enter into the technology
rapid movement anywhere on the globe System (GPS); high-frequency (HF) and VIS VIC, Sensor Processing Group, development acquisition phase
in a combat-ready configuration. The multi-band very-high and ultra-high Sensor Suite 4QFY11: Planned full-rate production
Stryker Family of Vehicles is built on a frequency (VHF/UHF) radio systems. decision for NBCRV and MGS variants
common chassis, each with a different Stryker provides 360 degree protection PROGRAM STATUS 4QFY11: Initial deployment of
Mission Equipment Package. There are against armor-piercing threats. Stryker 4QFY09: Configuration Steering Strykers incorporating improved
ten variants, including the Infantry is powered by a 350-hp diesel engine, Board addresses trigger event survivability enhancements to
Carrier Vehicle (ICV), the Mobile Gun runs on eight wheels that possess a requirements to Stryker program Afghanistan
System (MGS), the Reconnaissance 1QFY12: Second HBCT begins
Vehicle (RV), Mortar Carrier, conversion to SBCT

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


299

Stryker Family of Vehicles

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Land Systems
(Sterling Heights, MI)
Manufacturing/Assembly:
General Dynamics Land Systems-Canada
(London, Ontario, Canada)
Joint Systems Manufacturing Center
(JSMC) (Lima, OH)
General Dynamics Assembly Operations
(Anniston, AL)
Engineering:
General Dynamics (Sterling Heights, MI)
Kits:
Verhoff Machine (Continental, OH)
Manifold/Alternator:
North American Controls (Shelby Twp, MI)
Sensors/CCA:
Raytheon (El Segundo, CA)
Fire System Assembly:
Kidde Dual Spectrum (Goleta, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


300

Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile


(SLAMRAAM)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION other Joint and Army external sensors PROGRAM STATUS
Defeats aerial threats to the current when available. The SLAMRAAM 4QFY09: Army directed
Recapitalization and future maneuver force and other launcher, with remote capability, is SLAMRAAM to be configured on a
critical assets while supporting a variety a mobile platform with multi-service more crew survivable platform
Maintenance
launch rails, launcher electronics, 2QFY10: Army decision to configure
of missions at the tactical, operational,
on-board communication components, SLAMRAAM on the Family of
and strategic levels of warfare. and four to six AIM-120-C Advanced Medium Tactical Vehicles
Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles
DESCRIPTION (AMRAAMs). The SLAMRAAM PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Surface Launched Advanced system is a critical component of a Joint 2QFY11: Limited user testing
Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile Cruise Missile Defense capability. 3QFY11: Milestone C decision for
(SLAMRAAM) is a key component low-rate initial production (LRIP)
of the Integrated Air and Missile SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY11: LRIP
Defense (IAMD) Composite Battalion SLAMRAAM will provide engagement
and will replace the Avenger in the operations interoperability by
Armys Air and Missile Defense forces. participating on the Joint Data
SLAMRAAM is a lightweight, day- Network (JDN) (Link 16) Internal and
or-night, adverse weather, non-line- External communication. The IFCS
of-sight system for countering cruise will manage engagement operations,
missiles and unmanned air vehicle and the Advanced Sentinel radar
threats with engagement capabilities of will be the initial sensor. In addition,
up to 18 kilometers. SLAMRAAM will be supported by
the Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile
The system is comprised of an Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
Integrated Fire Control Station (IFCS) (JLENS) System.
for command and control, integrated
sensors, and missile launcher
platforms. While SLAMRAAM uses
Sentinel as its organic radar to provide
surveillance and fire control data, the
system will also receive data from

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


301

Surface Launched Advanced


Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile
(SLAMRAAM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Tech/Program Support:
SETA (Huntsville, AL)
System Development/Integration
(FU/HIL/SIL):
Raytheon (Tewksbury, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


302

Tactical Battle Command (TBC)/Maneuver


Control System (MCS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization CPOF serves as the Armys mission are also provided for asynchronous Joint Effects Model (JEM), Joint
critical command and control (C2) collaboration managing business and Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile
Recapitalization system that provides collaborative and operational processes and leveraging Radios (JTRS GMR), Joint Warning
situational awareness tools to support business intelligence tools for and Reporting Network (JWARN)
Maintenance
decision making, planning, rehearsal, dataanalysis.
and execution management. CPOF will Other Major Interdependencies
MISSION serve as the foundation for the Battle MCS version 6.4 is a mission-critical C2 AMDWS, AMPS, ASAS, GCCS,
Provides the tactical battle command Command Collapse effort, which will system that allows commanders and IMETS, JTCW/C2PC, NCES, TAIS,
core environment and common services unify Battle Command Capabilities staffs to visualize the battle space and TBMCS, WIN-T
baseline for executive decision-making in one environment, allowing the synchronize the elements of combat
commander and users to access fires, power. MCS includes battle staff tools PROGRAM STATUS
capabilities, maneuver functional and
air, log, and maneuver capabilities and maneuver functional capabilities, 3QFY08: Joint Requirements
battle staff tools, and enterprise services. (information and functionality) through including Chemical, Biological, Oversight Council approves MCS
one workstation and one interface. Radiological, and Nuclear tools, and version 6.4 Capabilities Production
DESCRIPTION engineering tools for combat and Document
Tactical Battle Command (TBC)/ BCCS provides the enabling construction engineers. 1QFY09: Field ing decision
Maneuver Control System (MCS) is infrastructure for ABCS and Tactical (CPOFQR1)
a suite of products and services that Battle Command and for migration SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY10: Operational demonstration
includes the Command Post of the to Net-Centric Enterprise Services In this Publication of CPOF software with Personalized
Future (CPOF), Battle Command environment. The Battle Command Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Assistant that Learns technology
Common Services (BCCS), Maneuver Server provides interoperability System (AFATDS), Battle Command
Control System (MCS), Joint services, including the publish Sustainment Support System (BCS3), PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Convergence effort with the United and subscribe service and data Distributed Common Ground System 1QFY11: Quarterly release of CPOF
States Marine Corps (USMC), tactical dissemination service. The server Army (DCGS-A), Early Infantry software version BC10.0.1
SharePoint web portal, coalition also supports Joint convergence with Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT)
interoperability, and integration USMC by providing a data exchange Capabilities IBCT Increment I, Global
of other Army Battle Command gateway that allows the direct Command and Control SystemArmy
Systems(ABCS). exchange of Common Operational (GCCS-A), Force XXI Battle Command
Picture (COP) data between the Joint Brigade and Below (FBCB2), Joint
services. SharePoint portal services Battle CommandPlatform (JBC-P),

ACQUISITION PHASE
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UNITED STATES ARMY


303

Tactical Battle Command (TBC)/


Maneuver Control System (MCS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA;
Scottsdale, AZ)
CECOM Software Engineering Center (Fort
Monmouth, NJ)
Lockheed Martin (Tinton Falls, NJ)
CACI (Chantilly, VA)
Sensor Technologies (Red Bank, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


304

Tactical Electric Power (TEP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Operate at rated loads in all military TQG, 30kW TQG, 60kW TQG, 100kW FY0910: Production and fielding
environments TQG, 200kW TQG, and 840kW DPGDS; ongoing for Power Distribution
Recapitalization Reduce infrared signature and noise of these, the 2kW MTG and 3kW TQG Illumination System Electrical
(less than 70 decibels at seven are man-portable. (PDISE)
Maintenance
meters)
Are survivable in chemical, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION biological, and nuclear environments None 1QFY11: 3kW TQG rebuy contract
Provides standardized tactical electric Meet power generation and award
power to the Department of Defense in conditioning standards in PROGRAM STATUS 1QFY11: Large Advanced Mobile
support of national security. accordance with military standards FY0809: Fielded the 15kW B Power Sources MilestoneB
(MIL-STD 1332) Model TQG 2QFY11: 2kW MTG rebuy contract
DESCRIPTION Provide quality electric power for FY0809: Advanced Medium Mobile award
The Tactical Electric Power (TEP) command posts; command, control, Power Sources (AMMPS) (next 2QFY11: AMMPS Milestone C and
program consists of small (23 communications, computers, generation of medium TEP sources) full-rate production contract
kilowatt [kW]), medium (560kW), intelligence, surveillance, and continued in Phase 2, system FY1011: Continue production and
and large (100840kW) electrical reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems; demonstration fielding of MTG and TQG generator
power generating systems, trailer- weapon systems; and other 2QFY09: First delivery of AMMPS sets, power units, and power plants
mounted power units and power battlefield support equipment pre-production test models FY1011: Continue production and
plants, and electrical distribution 3QFY091QFY10: AMMPS fielding of PDISE
equipment that provide standardized TEP systems provide essential power developmental and operational
power management solutions to all for Brigade Combat Team command testing
Department of Defense agencies and posts, air defense, aviation, field FY0910: Production and fielding
numerous Allied nations. The Project artillery, force provider, and combat ongoing for 2kW MTG, 3kW, 5kW,
ManagerMobile Electric Power support and service support systems. 10kW, 15kW, 30kW, 60kW, 100kW,
systems: The military-ruggedized commercial and 200kW TQG
Maximize fuel efficiency components use alternative and FY0910: Continue assembly and
Increase reliability (500600 renewable energy sources. The TEP fielding of power units and power
hours mean time between failure), has a variety of generator set sizes: plants (trailer-mounted generator
maintainability, and transportability 2kW Military Tactical Generator sets)
Minimize weight and size while (MTG), 3kW Tactical Quiet Generator
meeting all user requirements (TQG), 5kW TQG, 10kW TQG, 15kW

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


305

Tactical Electric Power (TEP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


TQGs have been purchased by 38
countries

CONTRACTORS
3kW, 5kW, 10kW, 15kW, 100kW, and
200kW TQG:
DRS Fermont (Bridgeport, CT)
30kW, 60kW TQG:
L-3 Westwood (Tulsa, OK)
2 kW MTG:
Dewey Electronics (Oakland, NJ)
Deployable Power Generation and
Distribution System (DPGDS):
DRS Fermont (Bridgeport, CT)
Power Distribution Illumination System
Electrical (PDISE):
Fidelity Technologies Corp. (Reading, PA)
Trailers for Power Units and Power
Plants:
Schutt Industries (Clintonville, WI)
Advanced Medium Mobile Power
Sources 560kW:
Cummins Power Generation
(Minneapolis,MN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


306

Tank Ammunition (TA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION To support the Stryker force, the PROGRAM STATUS
Provides overwhelming lethality 105mm Mobile Gun System uses FY10: M829A3, M830, M830A1,
Recapitalization overmatch in tank ammunition. M1040 canister cartridges. The M1040 M1002 and M908, M1028, M1040,
canister cartridge provides rapid, M393A3, M467A1 are fielded
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION lethal fire against massed assaulting
The current 120mm family of infantry at close range, and is also PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tactical tank ammunition consists used in training. The M467A1 training FY11: M865, M1002, and M1040 in
of fourth-generation kinetic cartridge, which is ballistically production
energy, multipurpose, and canister matched to the M393A3 cartridge,
ammunition. Kinetic Energy completed production in FY10.
ammunition lethality is optimized by
firing a maximum-weight sub-caliber SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
projectile at the greatest velocity The Abrams Main Battle Tank fires
possible, defeating advanced threat 120mm ammunition; the Stryker
armor. The M829A3 kinetic energy Mobile Gun System fires 105mm
cartridge provides armor-defeat ammunition.
capability. Multipurpose ammunition
uses a high-explosive warhead to
provide blast, armor penetration, and
fragmentation effects. The shotgun
shell-like M1028 canister cartridge
provides the Abrams tank with
effective, rapid, lethal fire against
massed assaulting infantry, and is also
used in training. The 120mm family
has dedicated training cartridges in
production: M865, with its reduced
range, simulates sabot trajectory
to 2,500 meters; and M1002, which
simulates the M830A1 size, weight,
and nose switch.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


307

Tank Ammunition (TA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M831A1 and M865:
Iraq
KE-WA1:
Kuwait

CONTRACTORS
M1002 and M865:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
M1002, M865, and KEW:
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (St. Petersburg, FL)
M1040:
L-3 Communications (Lancaster, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


308

Test Equipment Modernization (TEMOD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Radar Test Set Identification Friend Multimeter (AN/GSM-437) enables Radio Test Set:
or Foe Upgrade Kit and Radar Test quick, reliable troubleshooting 3QFY10: Issued letter request for bid
Recapitalization Set with Mode S enhanced and Mode which positively affects operational samples
5 cryptography (TS-4530A/UPM) is availability.
Maintenance
used to perform pre-flight checks on PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
aviation and missile transponders and Radio Test Set (AN/PRM-36) will IFF Radar Test Set Mode S
MISSION interrogators to alleviate potential be used to quickly and effectively (Enhanced) Mode 5:
Improves readiness of Army weapon fratricide concerns. It is also required diagnose the SINCGARS, ARC-186, 1QFY11: Low-rate initial production
systems; minimizes test, measurement, to ensure all Army platforms are in ARC-201, GRC-245, PRC-148, PRC- (LRIP)
and diagnostic equipment proliferation compliance with European and Federal 150, and PSC-5 Radios at the Field 2QFY11: PVT
Aviation Administration airspace maintenance level. 3QFY11: FRP
and obsolescence; and reduces
mandates. High Frequency Signal Generator:
operations/support costs. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY11: LRIP
Signal Generators, low frequency None 2QFY11: PVT
DESCRIPTION (SG-1364/U) and high frequency (SG- 1QFY12: FRP
The Test Equipment Modernization 1366/U) are signal sources to test PROGRAM STATUS Telecommunication System Test
(TEMOD) program procures general electronic receivers and transmitters Low Frequency Signal Generator: Set:
purpose electronic test equipment of all types throughout the Army 3QFY09: Product verification testing 4QFY11: Contract award
that is essential to the continuing and provide standards to compare (PVT) 1QFY12: LRIP
support of weapon systems required by signals. They ensure that battlefield 2QFY09: Issued letter request for bid 3QFY12: PVT
current/future forces. Acquisitions are commanders can communicate in samples 2QFY13: FRP
commercial items that have significant adverse conditions. 4QFY10: Full-rate production (FRP) Multimeter:
impact on readiness, power projection, High Frequency Signal Generator: 2QFY11: Contract award
safety, and training operations of the Telecommunication System Test Set 4QFY10: Contract awarded 3QFY11: LRIP
United States Army, Army Reserve, (TS-4544/U) measures and displays Telecommunication System Test Set: 1QFY12: PVT
and National Guard. The TEMOD various bit-data information as related 3QFY10: Issued letter request for bid 1QFY12: FRP
program has procured 38 products to digital transmission. samples Radio Test Set:
replacing over 334+ models. Multimeter: 2QFY11: Contract award
4QFY10: Issued letter request for bid 3QFY11: LRIP
samples 4QFY11: PVT
3QFY12: FRP

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


309

Test Equipment Modernization


(TEMOD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


IFF Radar Test Set Mode S
(Enhanced) Mode 5:
Azerbaijan, Greece, Hungary, Kuwait,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Saudi
Arabia, Singapore, United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
IFF Radar Test Set Mode S (Enhanced)
Mode 5:
Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp.
(Carlstadt, NJ)
Low Frequency Signal Generator:
Rohde & Schwarz (Columbia, MD)
High Frequency Signal Generator:
To be determined
Telecommunication System Test Set:
To be determined
Multimeter:
To be determined
Radio Test Set:
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


310

Transportation Coordinators Automated Information for


Movement System II (TC-AIMS II)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Facilitates movement, management, JointAutomatic Identification 1QFY11: TC-AIMS II reaches full
Recapitalization and control of personnel, equipment, Technology (J-AIT) operational capability
and supplies from a home station to 1QFY11: Complete fielding Block 3
Maintenance
PROGRAM STATUS 1QFY11: Complete AMR Phase I
a theater of operations and back, and
2QFY071QFY09: Continue Block 2 fielding
provides in-theater support for onward fielding 1QFY111QFY12: Complete AMR
movement, sustainment planning 2QFY071QFY09: Completed Phase II development
requirements, and source in transit development of Block 3, which 2QFY11: Complete TTN prototype
visibility data. provided combatant commanders 4QFY11: Complete TOPS fielding in
a reception, staging, onward CENTCOM AOR (TLW Retirement)
DESCRIPTION movement, and integration 4QFY12: Complete TC-AIMS II
The Transportation Coordinators capability, directly supporting in- version 7 (Wilton); provide Vista/
Automated Information for Movement theater transportation movement Windows 7 compatibility, data
System II (TC-AIMS II) is a service activities checks/validations; publish CMP to
migration system. Characteristics 2QFY071QFY09: Successful test of SIPRNET
include: source feeder system to Joint Block 3, favorable milestone decision 4QFY12: Complete AMR Phase II
Force Requirements Generation II, to field Block 3 fielding
Joint Planning and Execution System, 2QFY071QFY09: Begin fielding of 3QFY13: Complete TC-AIMS II
Global Transportation Network, Block 3 version 8; Integrate with SLPC,
and Services command and control 2QFY091QFY11: Complete fielding migrate reference data
systems; common user interface to Block 2 and Block 3
facilitate multi-service user training 2QFY092QFY10: Air Movement
and operations; commercial off-the- Release (AMR) Phase I development
shelf hardware/software architecture; 3QFY09: Completed TC-AIMS II
net-centric implementation with version 5 (Lindenhurst)
breakaway client-server and/or stand 4QFY10: Complete TC-AIMS II
alone/workgroup configurations; version 6 (Barstow)
incremental, block upgrade
developmental strategy.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


311

Transportation Coordinators
Automated Information for
Movement System II (TC-AIMS II)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Systems Integration:
Engineering Research and Development
Command (Vicksburg, MS)
Future Research Corp. (Huntsville, AL)
Apptricity Corp. (Dallas, TX)
Program and Fielding/Training support:
L-3 Services, an MPRI Company
(Alexandria, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


312

Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked,
Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and Heavy Brigade Combat Teams, threats. The missile impact is at the
Provides long-range, heavy anti-tank respectively. TOW missiles are also aim point. It has a 6.25 pound, 6-inch
Recapitalization and precision assault fire capabilities to employed on the Marine HMMWV- diameter high-explosive, bulk-charge
Army and Marine forces. mounted ITAS, HMMWV-mounted warhead, and its missile weighs 45.2
Maintenance
M220A4 launcher (TOW 2), LAV-ATGM pounds. The TOW BB has an impact
DESCRIPTION Vehicle, and AH1W Cobra attack sensor (crush switch) located in the
The Close Combat Missile System helicopter. TOW is also employed by main-charge ogive and a pyrotechnic
Heavy (CCMS-H) TOW (Tube- allied nations on a variety of ground detonation delay to enhance warhead
Launched, Optically-Tracked, Wire- and airborne platforms. effectiveness. The PBXN-109 explosive
Guided) is a heavy anti-tank/precision is housed in a thick casing for
assault weapon system, consisting of The TOW 2B Aero is the most modern maximum performance. The TOW BB
a launcher and a missile. The missile and capable missile in the TOW family, can produce a 21- to 24-inch diameter
is six inches in diameter (encased, 8.6 with an extended maximum range to hole in an 8-inch thick, double-
inches) and 49 inches long. The gunner 4,500 meters. The TOW 2B Aero has reinforced concrete wall at a range of
defines the aim point by maintaining an advanced counteractive protection 65 to 3,750 meters.
the sight cross hairs on the target. system capability and defeats all
The launcher automatically steers the current and projected threat armor SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
missile along the line-of-sight toward systems. The TOW 2B Aero flies over M1121/1167 HMMWV, Stryker ATGM,
the aim point via a pair of control wires the target (offset above the gunners ITAS
or a one-way radio frequency (RF) link, aim point) and uses a laser profilometer
which links the launcher and missile. and magnetic sensor to detect and fire PROGRAM STATUS
two downward-directed, explosively- Current: TOW 2B and BB RF in
TOW missiles are employed on the formed penetrator warheads into the production
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled target. The TOW 2B Aeros missile
Vehicle (HMMWV)-mounted Improved weight is 49.8 pounds (encased, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Target Acquisition System (ITAS), 65pounds). FY11FY15: TOW MY
HMMWV-mounted M220A4 launcher
(TOW 2), Stryker Anti-Tank Guided The TOW Bunker Buster is optimized
Missile (ATGM) Vehicles, and Bradley for performance against urban
Fighting Vehicles (A2/A2ODS/A2OIF/ structures, earthen bunkers, field
A3) within the Infantry, Stryker, fortifications, and light-skinned armor

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


313

Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked,
Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


The TOW weapon system has been sold to
more than 43 allied nations over the life of
the system.

CONTRACTORS
TOW 2B Aero and TOW BB
Prime:
Raytheon Missile Systems (Tucson, AZ)
Control Actuator, Shutter Actuator:
Moog Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Warheads:
Aerojet General (Socorro, NM)
Gyroscope:
BAE Systems (Cheshire, CT)
Sensor (TOW 2B only):
Thales (Basingstoke, United Kingdom)
Launch Motor:
ATK (Radford, VA)
Flight Motor:
ATK (Rocket Center, WV)
Machined/Fabricated Parts:
Klune (Spanish Fork, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


314

Unit Water Pod System (Camel II)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Camel II is mounted on a PROGRAM STATUS
Receives, stores, and dispenses potable M1095 Trailer, allowing for better FY10: Contract awarded
Recapitalization water to units at all echelons throughout transportability on and off the road by
the battlefield. utilizing the Family of Medium Tactical PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
Vehicle Trucks. It holds a minimum FY11: Deliver test units
DESCRIPTION of 800 gallons of water and provides FY11: Conduct government testing
The Unit Water Pod System (CamelII) a one-day supply of potable water for FY12: Full materiel release; type
is the U.S. Armys primary water drinking and other purposes. If the classification standard
distribution system. Camel II replaces unit has another source of drinking FY12: First unit equipped
the M107, M149, and M1112 series water, such as bottled water, then
water trailers. It consists of an the Camel II can provide two days of
800900 gallon capacity baffled water potable water for other purposes. It is
tank with integrated freeze protection operational from -25 to +120 degrees
and all hoses and fittings necessary Fahrenheit. The system also contains
to dispense water by gravity flow. six filling positions for filling canteens
The acquisition strategy consists of and five gallon water cans.
two increments: Increment 1 is the
basic system with freeze protection; SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Increment 2 will provide modular M1095 Medium Tactical Vehicle
component(s) to give the Camel II Trailer, Family of Medium Tactical
water chilling, pumping, circulation, Vehicle (FMTV) Trucks
and on-board power generation as add-
on capabilities.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


315

Unit Water Pod System (Camel II)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


316

Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Capacity High Mobility Multipurpose SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Provides the warfighter seamless, Wheeled Vehicle for roll-on/roll- In this Publication
Recapitalization assured, mobile communications, along offmobility. Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
with advanced network management System (AFATDS), Secure Mobile
Maintenance
Increment 1a upgrades the former Joint Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal
tools.
Network Node satellite capability to (SMART-T), WIN-T Increment 2, WIN-T
DESCRIPTION access the Ka-band defense Wideband Increment 3
Warfighter Information Network Global Satellite, reducing the reliance
Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 1 is the on commercial Ku-band satellites. Other Major Interdependencies
Armys current and future tactical ACUS Mod, Army Battle Command
network, representing a generational WIN-T Increment 1b introduces the System, Command Post of the
leap forward in allowing widely Net Centric Waveform, a dynamic wave Future, CPP, GPS, LOS (WARCOMS),
dispersed, highly maneuverable units form that optimizes bandwidth and MBCOTM, MIL SATCOM, MSE, SICPS,
to communicate. Increment 1 is a satellite utilization. It also introduces Teleport, THAAD, TOCS, TROPO
converged tactical communications a colorless core security architecture,
network providing voice, data, and which meets Global Information PROGRAM STATUS
video capability to connect the Grid Information Assurance security 1QFY09: Increment 1a initial
battalion-level warfighter, allowing compliance requirements and operational test
greater flexibility of troop movement incorporates industry standards for 2QFY09: Increment 1b limited user
and is scalable to meet the mission network operations and intrusion test
commanders requirements. It is detection. 4QFY09: Initial operational
divided into two sub-increments capability
defined as Increment 1a, extended WIN-T Increment 1 is a Joint-
networking at-the-halt, and Increment compatible communications package PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
1b, enhanced networking-at-the-halt. that allows the warfighter to use 1QFY12: Increment 1b operational
Increment 1 is a rapidly deployable, advanced networking capabilities, test
early entry system housed in a interface to legacy systems, retain
Lightweight Multipurpose Shelter interoperability with Current Force
(LMS) and mounted on an Expanded systems, and keep in step with future
increments of WIN-T.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


317

Warfighter Information Network


Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Modem/Integration:
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Taunton, MA)
Transportable Terminals:
General Dynamics SATCOM Technologies
(Duluth, GA)
PM Support:
Engineering Solutions and Products (ESP)
(Eatontown, NJ)
SRC (Shrewsbury, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


318

Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 2

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION from division down to company. It Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV); Joint
Provides initial networking on- provides an accelerated delivery of Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile
Recapitalization the-move as a converged tactical network operations capability that Radios (JTRS GMR); Joint Tactical
communications and transport layer allows management, prioritization, Radio System Handheld, Manpack,
Maintenance
and protection of information Small Form Fit (JTRS HMS); Single
network leveraging proven commercial
while reducing organizational and Channel Ground and Airborne Radio
and government technology, enabling operational support. System (SINCGARS); WIN-T Increment
Joint land forces to engage enemy 1; WIN-T Increment 3
forces deeper and more effectively, Increment 2 network operations
while incurring fewer losses. includes automated planning, on- PROGRAM STATUS
the-move node planning, automated- 1QFY09: Developmental test
DESCRIPTION link planning for currently fielded 2QFY09: Limited user test
Warfighter Information Network systems, initial automated spectrum 2QFY10: Milestone C, enter low-rate
Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 2 management, initial quality of initial production
accelerates delivery of a self- service planning and monitoring, and
forming, self-healing mobile network over-the-air network management PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
infrastructure via commercial off-the- and configuration of WIN-T radios. 1QFY11: Product qualification test
shelf and government off-the-shelf Additionally, Increment 2 network (Contractor)
technologies. Increment 2 leverages an operations automates the initial 2QFY11: Logistics demonstration
early release of the objective Highband Internet Protocol planning and routing 3QFY11: Product qualification test
Networking Waveform running on configurations. (Government)
the Highband Networking Radio to 4QFY11: Force development test
provide high throughput line-of-sight Fielding is planned to 41 Brigade 1QFY12: Initial operational test
communications and leverages an Combat Teams and nine Divisions by 2QFY12: Full-rate production
early release of the objective Net 2017. decision review
Centric Waveform on a ruggedized 2QFY12: Cold region test
R-MPM-1000 modem for on-the-move SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY12: First unit equipped
(OTM) satellite communications Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems 1QFY13: Initial operational
enabling greater situational awareness Upgrade; Distributed Common Ground capability
and command and control. Multiple SystemArmy (DCGS-A); Integrated
configuration items tailor capability Air and Missile Defense (IAMD); Joint

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


319

Warfighter Information Network


Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 2

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
WIN-T System:
Prime
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
Subcomponent
Lockheed Martin (Gaithersburg, MD)
Subcontractors
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA)
General Dynamics (Richardson, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


320

Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WIN-T) Increment 3

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION support. WIN-T Increment 3 ensures PROGRAM STATUS
Provides full networking on-the- communications interoperability 1QFY09: 30-Node Engineering
Recapitalization move as a mobile, multi-tiered, with Joint, Allied, Coalition, Current field test to demonstrate technology
tactical communications/transport layer Force, and commercial voice and data maturity
Maintenance
networks. Using communications
network, enabling Joint land forces to
payloads mounted on Unmanned Aerial PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
engage enemy forces effectively. Systems, Increment 3 introduces 2QFY12: Transmission subsystem
an air tier to increase network critical design review
DESCRIPTION reliability and robustness with 3QFY13: Full critical design review
The Warfighter Information Network automatic routing between LOS and 4QFY13: Transmission subsystem
Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 3 enables SATCOM. This extends connectivity developmental test/limited user test
the full-objective mobile, tactical and provides increased warfighter 2QFY15: Milestone C
network distribution of command, mobility, providing constant mobile
control, communications, computers, communications.
intelligence, surveillance, and
reconnaissance information via voice, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
data, and real-time video. Building Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems
on previous increments, Increment Upgrade, Distributed Common Ground
3 provides more robust connectivity SystemArmy (DCGS-A), Integrated
and greater network access via Air and Missile Defense (IAMD), Joint
military specification radios, higher Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), Joint
bandwidth satellite communications Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile
(SATCOM) and line-of-sight (LOS) Radios (JTRS GMR), Joint Tactical
waveforms, an aerial tier (LOS Radio System Handheld, Manpack,
airborne relay), and integrated Small Form Fit (JTRS HMS), Single
network operations. It manages, Channel Ground and Airborne Radio
prioritizes, and protects information System (SINCGARS), Stryker Family
through network operations (network of Vehicles, WIN-T Increment 2, WIN-T
management, quality of service and Increment 1
information assurance) while reducing
organizational and operational

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


321

Warfighter Information Network


Tactical (WIN-T) Increment 3

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA;
Sunrise,FL)
Subcomponent:
Lockheed Martin (Gaithersburg, MD)
Subcontractors:
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011


322

Weapons of Mass Destruction Elimination

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION CST commanders. The UCS consists (heavy), the CALS has a modular
Provides a mobile laboratory that of a combination of commercial and design that provides the necessary
Recapitalization enables weapons of mass destruction existing government off-the-shelf array of analytical, diagnostic, and
(WMD) civil support teams to perform communications equipment (both investigative capabilities tailored for
Maintenance
secure and non-secure data) to provide a specified mission or contingency
on-site analysis of contaminants in
the full range of communications operation. The system also provides
support of first responders. necessary to support the CST mission. voice and data communications to
It is the primary means of reach-back enhance assessment of and response to
DESCRIPTION communications for the ALS and acts WMD events.
Analytical Laboratory System (ALS) as a command and control hub to
Increment 1 is a mobile analytical deliver a common operational picture SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
laboratory that provides the civil for planning and fulfilling an incident Other Major Interdependencies
support team (CST) capabilities response. It provides: UCS
for detecting and identifying Digital voice and data over satellite
chemical, biological, or radiological network PROGRAM STATUS
contamination. ALS Increment 1 Secure Internet Protocol Router ALS-1:
is a system enhancement program Network (SIPRNET) and Non-Secure 4QFY09: Full operational capability
to replace the current Mobile ALS (NIPRNET) 20th SUPCOM Light Lab:
and interim Dismounted Analytical Radio remote and intercom with 4QFY09: Full operational capability
Platform. It provides advanced cross-banding
technologies with enhanced sensitivity Over-the-horizon communication PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and selectivity in the detection and interoperable interface with state 20th SUPCOM Heavy Lab:
identification of biological and chemical emergency management and other 1QFY11: Full operational capability
warfare agents and toxic industrial military units 20th SUPCOM Monitoring Suites:
chemicals and materials. 4QFY11: Full operational capability
The Common Analytical Laboratory
The Unified Command Suite (UCS) System (CALS) provides a common
vehicle is a self-contained, stand-alone, CBRNE analytical capability across
C-130 air mobile communications multiple domain spaces. Developed
platform that provides both voice and in both a mobile platform (light) as
data communications capabilities to well as a semi-fixed site platform

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


323

Weapons of Mass Destruction


Elimination

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
ALS:
Wolf Coach, Inc., an L-3 Communications
Company (Auburn, MA)
UCS Vehicle:
Wolf Coach, Inc., an L-3 Communications
Company (Auburn, MA)
UCS Communications System
Integrator:
Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division
(Patuxent River, MD)
20th SUPCOM Heavy Lab:
ECBC (Edgewood, MD)

Heavy Lab (20th SUPCOM) Light Lab (20th SUPCOM) WEAPON SYSTEMS 2011
324

Science & Technology


The Army Science and Technology (S&T) strategy (Figure 1) supports the Armys The three types of S&T investment are far-term, funding basic research for
goal to provide new technologies that enhance and modernize systems in the discovery and understanding of phenomena; mid-term, funding applied research
Current Force and that enable new capabilities in the Future Force. This strategy component demonstrations within a laboratory environment; and near-term,
is effected through a portfolio with three types of investments, each providing funding advanced technology development system/sub-subsystem demonstrations
different results in distinct timeframes. in relevant (non-laboratory) environments (Figure 2). The technology
demonstrations prove technology-enabled capabilities and concepts and their
military utility which, then inform the combat developments process and provide
the acquisition community with evidence of the technologies readiness to satisfy
system requirements. This portfolio also supports current overseas contingency
operations in the following ways: (1) Soldiers benefit today from technologies that
emerged from past S&T investments; (2) we exploit transition opportunities by
accelerating mature technologies derived from ongoing S&T efforts; and (3)we
leverage the expertise of our scientists and engineers to develop solutions to
unforeseen problems encountered during current operations such as the armor
applied to Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) combat vehicles for
enhanced protection from rocket propelled grenades (RPGs). The entire S&T
program is designed to be adaptable and responsive to the needs of the Army.

Figure 1: StrategyDevelop and mature technology to enable the Future Force while seeking to enhance the
Current Force

Figure 2: The S&T portfolio consists of three types of investments.


325

S&T INVESTMENTFUTURE FORCE TECHNOLOGY AREAS


The diverse S&T portfolio is characterized in terms of Future Force Technology
Areas. The investments in these areas are shown at right in a color depiction
(Figure 3) that approximates their proportionate dollar value in FY11 by
Technology Area.

Within these Technology Areas, the highest priority applied research and
advanced technology development efforts are designated by Headquarters
Department of the Army (HQDA) as Army Technology Objectives (ATOs). We do
not designate ATOs within the basic research area since these investments fund
sciences (discovery and understanding), not technology. The Armys Training
and Doctrine Command/Army Capabilities Integration Center (TRADOC/ARCIC)
represents the warfighter in the S&T ATO development process, and articulates
the warfighters needs to the S&T community through the development, staffing,
and coordination of the TRADOC warfighter outcomes. ATOs are focused efforts
that develop specific S&T products designed to address warfighter Outcomes Figure 3: The Future Force technology area color bands shown on the left are approximately proportional to
and meet agreed upon metrics. The goal of ATOs is to investigate and mature the financial investment within the Armys requested FY11 S&T budget. The specific technologies funded in
technologies that provide new or improved capabilities for acquisition programs. these investment areas are aligned to the ten Comprehensive Warfighter Outcomes (CWO). The ten CWOs are
This goal requires a close working relationship with acquisition program the consolidation of TRADOCs Tier I warfighter outcomes. The warfighter outcomes articulate the warfighter
capability needs.
managers/program executive offices (PM/PEOs) to ensure that the ATO output
metrics are defined to be what the acquisition programs needs.
Short descriptions of Future Force Technology Areas:
This S&T section of the U.S. Army Weapon Systems 2011 handbook is organized Force Protection technologies enable Soldiers and platforms to avoid detection,
by Future Force Technology Area. Selected ATOs are described within most of acquisition, hit, penetration, and kill. These technologies include advanced
the Technology Areas. The complete portfolio of 89 ATOs is described in the 2010 armor, countermine, and counter improvised explosive devices (IEDs) detection
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (distribution limited to government and neutralization, and counter rocket, artillery, and mortars (CRAM) aircraft
and current government contractors). survivability and active protection systems.
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) technologies enable
persistent and integrated situational awareness and understanding to provide
actionable intelligence that is specific to the needs of the Soldier across the
range of military operations.
Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (C4) technologies
provide capabilities for superior decision-making, including intelligent network
decision agents and antennas to link Soldiers and leaders into a seamless
battlefield network.
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Lethality technologies enhance the ability of Soldiers and platforms to provide FORCE PROTECTION
overmatch against threat capabilities and include nonlethal technologies
enabling tailorable lethality options. Kinetic Energy Active Protection System
Medical technologies are developed to protect Soldiers by diagnosing and The Kinetic Energy Active Protection System ATO will demonstrate the capability
rendering initial treatment to combat casualties, preventing and treating to defeat tank-fired kinetic energy rounds. This program develops warhead and
infectious diseases, enhancing clinical care and rehabilitative medicine, while interceptor designs and conducts robust component and interceptor testing.
saving lives. They include technologies to enhance Soldier performance in
extremely challenging environments imposed by physical and psychological
demands on the battlefield, as well as extremes in topography and climate.
Unmanned Systems technologies enhance the effectiveness of unmanned air
and ground systems through improved perception, cooperative behaviors, and
increased autonomy.
Soldier Systems technologies provide materiel solutions that protect, network,
sustain, and equip Soldiers, and non-materiel solutions that enhance human
performance. Together these solutions enable Soldiers to adapt and dominate
against any threat.
Logistics technologies enhance strategic response and reduce logistics
demand. Focus is on technologies that increase efficiency of systems or
subsystems or sustainment processes that enable production of consumables
closer to the point of use, that conserve or reduce demand for consumables (such
as fuel and water), and that enhance the nations assurance of sufficient energy
for Armymissions.
Military Engineering and Environment technologies enhance deployability
and sustainability. These technologies also enable sustainment of training and
testing range activities. Figure 4: Kinetic Energy Active Protection System
Advanced Simulation technologies provide increasingly realistic training
and mission rehearsal environments to support battlefield operations, system Threat and Minefield Detection Payload for Shadow Tactical Unmanned
acquisition, and requirements development. Aerial Vehicle
Rotorcraft technologies enhance the performance and effectiveness of The Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (TUAV) ATO matures and demonstrates
current and future rotorcraft while seeking to reduce operational and a payload incorporating multi/hyper-spectral imaging sensors, adaptive spectral
sustainmentcosts. detection, and change detection algorithms. The TUAV payload demonstrates
Basic Research investments seek to develop new understanding to enable real-time detection of roadside threats, threat deployment activity, and minefields
revolutionary advances or paradigm shifts in future operational capabilities. at realistic mission altitudes. It also provides an advanced reconnaissance,
surveillance, and target acquisition capability for detection of difficult targets.
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Advanced Aircraft Survivability


The Advanced Aircraft Survivability (AAS) ATO develops and demonstrates
an integrated, multi-spectral (ultra violet [UV], infrared [IR], acoustic), and
distributed aperture aircraft survivability solution to simultaneously detect,
identify, and cue integrated counter-measures against currently operational
and emerging hostile fire and Man Portable Air Defense (MANPAD) technology
threats. Elements of this program include: improved missile and small arms fire
detection sensors; a lightweight laser countermeasure for MANPAD missiles
and integrated visual laser dazzling of small arms threats; lightweight beam
directors; and closed-loop threat identification techniques.

Detection for In-Road Threats


This ATO matures and demonstrates an advanced mine- and threat-detection
capability to address a broader spectrum of in-road threatsincluding those deeply
buriedat higher rates of advance for modular engineer platforms and the Early
Infantry Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT). In order to meet current and Future Force
needs, this effort matures and then integrates ground-penetrating radar and metal-
detection technologies onto vehicles to detect the evolving underbelly threat on
primary and secondary roads. The technologies demonstrated include an optimized
metal detector, a downward-looking ground penetrating radar, signal processing,
and algorithms optimized for both shallow and deep targets.
Figure 5: Extended Area Protection & Survivability (EAPS) Integrated Demo
Extended Area Protection & Survivability (EAPS) Integrated Demo
The Extended Area Protection and Survivability (EAPS) ATO is developing and
demonstrating critical technologies to provide the capability to defeat rockets,
artillery, and mortars (RAM) at extended ranges. The EAPS effort is developing
two missile concepts and one gun concept to provide mobile, 360-degree
hemispherical area protection to meet the objective Counter-RAM requirements.

This effort includes subsystems development of the technical fire control node
to process the decision logic for intercept, the tracking and fire control radar to
provide a precise location of the threat, the launch system, and the interceptors.
The EAPS effort will demonstrate intercept of single RAM threats and multiple
simultaneous RAM threats. The system architecture is being developed to
integrate with the architecture being developed by Program Manager Counter-
Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar, Program Executive Office, Command, Control, and
Communications Tactical.
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INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, RECONNAISSANCE This effort is working with key transformational battle command programs and
TRADOC schools to (1) conduct controlled demonstrations to gain insight into
Battlespace Terrain Reasoning AwarenessBattle Command effectively integrating actionable terrain, atmospheric, and weather information
This ATO provides integrated battle command capabilities to create and utilize into battle command system-of-systems (SoS), staffs, processes, and functions;
actionable information from terrain, atmospheric, and weather effects on (2) improve, extend, and mature terrain- and weather-based information
systems, platforms, and Soldiers. This will enable agile, integrated ground and products and embedded applications within battle command SoS; (3) transition
air operations in all operational environments. An initial spiral of urban-based capabilities to the Distributed Common Ground SystemArmy (DCGS-A), BCT,
technologies from the Network-Enabled Command and Control ATO program will and commercial joint mapping toolkit; and (4) support the development of a
be incorporated, resulting in a net-centric, terrain reasoning service, embedded geo-battle management language that extends the current model to include
with battle command applications. representation of actionable terrain, weather, and atmospheric information.

Target Location Designation System


This ATO demonstrates an improved, man-portable, target acquisition and
laser designation system with reduced size, weight, and power. This ATO
provides: (1) an improved mid-wave IR focal plane array; (2) a common
designator module using end-pumped, mono-block laser technology; and (3)
precision target location through an improved global positioning, gyroscope,
and magnetometer. The results of this effort will demonstrate to the warfighter
improvements in real-time target acquisition, precision target location, and
laser designation capabilities that increase combat effectiveness and lethality.
The overall result will be an increased target acquisition range that provides
greater standoff range and increased Soldier survivability, while the reduced
weight will achieve greater Soldier mobility.

Advanced Common Sensor Payload


The Advanced Common Sensor Payload ATO provides day/night wide-area
persistent imaging and enhanced reconnaissance, surveillance, and target
acquisition capabilities for insertion into the common sensor payload (CSP).
There will be two CSP variantsone with a high-definition sensor and the
other with a dual-color, third-generation, forward-looking radar. Both of
these systems will have the following capabilities: Step Stare Software that
provides persistent imaging scan modes to improve resolution and Tiered Data
Processing that adds onboard modules for enhanced data exploitation and
compression to allow operation over existing extended-range and multipurpose
Figure 6: Battlespace Terrain Reasoning AwarenessBattle Command data links. The payoff will be a payload that provides persistent wide-area
activity monitoring and enhanced capabilities to include target search at ID
resolution, reduced operator workloads, and improved data exploitation.
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IRON Symphony
The IRON Symphony ATO defines and develops a next-generation Army Electronic
Warfare (EW) networking capability, based on an integrated and distributed
EW framework, to enable the coordinated detection, geolocation, reporting, and
engagement of multiple diverse threat waveforms. Most current EW systems
are designed to mitigate a single threat waveform. Multiple threats force the
development of multiple systems, resulting in a rapid escalation of interoperability
and spectral de-confliction issues. The robust proliferation and simultaneous use
of modern communication threats, as well as the complexity of the threat signals
themselves, have created an environment where the use of individualized solutions
is no longer feasible.

Flexible Display Technology for Soldiers and Vehicles


This ATO develops flexible display technologies for affordable, lightweight,
rugged, low-power, and reduced-volume displays in conjunction with the
development of human factors parameters for systems utilizing flexible displays.
Flexible displays have reduced weight and are inherently rugged with ultra-
low power electro-optic technologies, compared with traditional liquid-crystal, Figure 7: Flexible Display Technology for Soldiers and Vehicles
glass-based displays. The development of displays on flexible substrates enables
novel applications that cannot be achieved by glass-based technologies (e.g.,
wearable and conformal for Soldier applications, conformal for vehicle and
cockpit applications, and compact display that can be rolled out for multiuser
applications). This ATO program is coordinated with human factors studies to
optimize design trade-offs and will produce flexible, four-inch diagonal displays
(greater than 320 x 240 resolution), as well as technology for color emissive
and reflective displays. Benefits to the warfighter include a 60 percent weight
reduction of display components compared to glass displays, and a 30 to 90
percent power reduction compared to liquid crystal displays.
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COMMAND, CONTROL, COMMUNICATIONS,


AND COMPUTERS (C4)
Collaborative Battlespace Reasoning and Awareness
The Collaborative Battlespace Reasoning and Awareness ATO develops and
demonstrates multiplatform, cross community applications and software services
that support the integration and synchronization of intelligence and operations
functions through the design, development, and implementation of information
interoperability, and through collaborative management and decision-support
technologies. This ATO also develops and demonstrates systems that will improve
mission execution success by providing software to more tightly couple operations
and intelligence and to better facilitate collaboration. Research and development
is focused on mapping intelligence and geospatial information requirements to
military tasks. This effort enables faster and higher quality decision cycles and
increased battle command unification through collaboration and real-time sharing,
exploitation, and analysis of information to support the operational mission, tasks,
and desired effects.

RF Adaptive Technologies Integrated with Communications and Location Figure 8: RF Adaptive Technologies Integrated with Communications and Location (RADICAL)
This ATO develops and demonstrates Radio Frequency (RF) dynamic spectrum
technologies for tactical communications and improved position determination
in Global Positioning System (GPS)-degraded environments (Figure 8). The
ATO efforts include the development of a software module that enables spectrum
policy management for dynamic spectrum access-enabled radios, architecture
to integrate and enhance disruption tolerant networking (DTN) in the tactical
environment, and a software module that improves position determination
based on net-assisted GPS and RF ranging technologies. This ATO builds upon
the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Wireless Network
After Next (WNAN) program to provide consistent dynamic spectrum policy
management using software implementation, ensure reliable message delivery in
a disruptive communications environment by enhancing and extending the DTN
technology into tactical networks, mitigate multipath interference through RF
ranging, and improve GPS performance through net-assisted GPS technologies.
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LETHALITY
Advanced Lasers and Unmanned Aerial System Payloads
This ATO develops, integrates, and demonstrates a seven-pound advanced sensor
payload with laser rangefinding and laser designating capabilities to address the
reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition mission requirements for the
BCT Class I unmanned aerial system (UAS). Under this ATO, new multifunction
lightweight lasers, optical receiver components, and electronics suitable for UAS
and other Soldier applications are developed. The new laser components will be
integrated with a compact, small-pixel, uncooled IR imaging sensor into a two-
axis pointing platform (gimbal) to enable an airborne organic laser designation
capability for the lower echelon warfighter. The advanced lasers and UAS sensor
payload will enable Soldiers to quickly see and characterize potential targets as
well as nontarget objects that are in the open or in complex and urban terrain, and
support beyond-line-of-sight situational awareness, targeting, and engagement
with precision weapons. A parallel Manufacturing Technology effort seeks to
develop an optimized manufacturing process for a universal, monoblock laser
designator module component that can be integrated into a wide variety of laser
applications.

Applied Smaller, Lighter, Cheaper Munitions Components


Affordably reducing space, weight, and power at the component level remains
essential to increasing affordable precision munition lethality for full spectrum
operations, particularly military operations on urban terrain (MOUT) (Figure 9). Figure 9: Applied Smaller, Lighter, Cheaper Munitions Components
This ATO focuses on developing increasingly smaller, lighter, cheaper components
and subsystems that enhance current system capabilities against asymmetric Scalable Technology for Adaptive Response
threats and mature technologies for next-generation small precision munitions. The Scalable Technology for Adaptive Response (STAR) ATO matures and
Primary investment areas include: nano/advanced composite structures and new demonstrates new energetic materials, fuzes, and warhead technologies designed
fabrication techniques to save weight while maintaining or enhancing structural to provide selectable and scalable effects against platforms and personnel. The
and thermal properties; miniaturized electronics to reduce size and weight, and STAR ATO will demonstrate technologies for selectable lethal effects in large-,
support increased processing demands for capability enhancements like image medium-, and small-diameter munitions and missiles; as well as the development
stabilization; sensor/image processing for MOUT environments, including people of controlled lethal effects, multipurpose energetics and formulations, reactive
tracking; and warhead safe and arm integration for precision lethality against materials, and advanced fuzing and power technologies. The STAR ATO will
expanded target sets in urban terrain. Major warfighter payoffs are enhanced demonstrate scalable lethality within 250mm (Guided Multiple Launch Rocket
precision lethality and cost savings through common components. System), 155mm (Excalibur), and 30mm (M789/Mk238) munitions validating
improved weapon effectiveness and lethality and reduced collateral damage
and logistics.
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MEDICAL
Psychological Resetting after Combat Deployment: Advanced Battlemind
This ATO develops and validates an advanced unit-training program to reduce
combat-related psychological problems, including symptoms related to mild
traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) during
the post-deployment resetting phase. The goal of this effort is to facilitate
recovery from psychological injuries related to combat, build individual and unit
resilience in preparation for subsequent deployments, reduce the incidence of
debilitating symptomatic problems, and reduce risk-taking behaviors that have
the greatest impact on a Soldiers mental health, well-being, relationships, and
job performance. An in-depth, six-session training package will be developed that
integrates state-of-the-art cognitive-behavioral approaches to traumatic stress,
while maintaining the focus on Soldier strengths, unit cohesion, leadership
skills, and individual cognitive skill building. The package incorporates cognitive
education strategies shown to be effective in reducing symptoms from mTBI,
which often overlaps with PTSD. Finally, this ATO benchmarks key deployment-
related behavioral health reactions and develops and validates novel approaches
to assessing the psychological transition home following a combat deployment in
order to determine the effectiveness of the proposed early intervention.

Damage Control Resuscitation Figure 10: Damage Control Resuscitation


This ATO pursues the best combination and optimal use of alternatives to whole
blood (e.g., plasma, red blood cells, blood-clotting agents) to prevent bleeding and Drug for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
maintain oxygen delivery and nutrients to damaged tissue (Figure 10). These This ATO is testing a candidate drug to treat TBI to determine its safety and
products enhance survival of casualties after severe blood loss, which is the effectiveness in 200 human subjects who have suffered TBI. TBI survivors often
leading cause of death to injured warfighters. Recent data from the battlefield have physical and cognitive impairment, memory loss, and mood and personality
suggests that blood-clotting disorders and immune system activation, which disorders and currently no drugs exist to treat or reduce these brain-related
damages normal cellular metabolic processes, commonly occur in severely injured injuries. It is estimated that 15 to 25 percent of all injuries in recent conflicts are
patients. Therefore, a priority is to maintain blood-clotting capability and oxygen to the head.
and nutrient delivery to tissues by using the best resuscitation products that can
be administered at far forward deployed locations. Prophylactic Drugs to Prevent Drug-Resistant Malaria
This ATO develops candidate antimalarial preventive drugs and tests these
candidates in animals. Successful completion of this ATO will allow clinical
testing of candidates in humans, potentially leading to a safe and effective
replacement antimalarial preventive drug. The goals in developing these
candidate preventive drugs are to replace the current drugs that are becoming
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less effective due to the emergence of drug resistant malaria parasites, to reduce UNMANNED SYSTEMS
or eliminate unwanted side effects that impact Soldiers use of the drugs, and to
allow for a less critical and more convenient dosing schedule for deployed Soldiers. Safe Operations of Unmanned Systems for Reconnaissance
These new drugs will also increase operational readiness by maintaining a in Complex Environments
healthy force, as well as reducing the logistical and combat health support burden This ATO develops, integrates, and demonstrates robust robotic technologies
associated with treatment in theater or after evacuation. required for Future Modular Force unmanned systems (Figure 11). The ATO
advances the state of the art in perception and control technologies to permit
Alternative Dengue Fever Vaccine Strategy unmanned systems (UMS) to autonomously conduct missions in populated,
This ATO develops a strategy for developing single vaccine that is effective dynamic urban environments while adapting to changing conditions; develop
against the four major types of Dengue. This strategy should demonstrate human initial tactical/mission behavior technologies to enable a group of heterogeneous
safety and provide initial data on the bodys immune response. The current UMS to maneuver in collaboration with mounted and dismounted forces; optimize
live-attenuated dengue virus vaccine in advanced development is suboptimal for soldier operation of UMS; and provide improved situational awareness for
rapid deployment since it requires two doses at six month intervals. Successful enhanced survivability. Modeling and simulation will be used to develop, test,
completion of this ATO will produce a vaccine strategy that will lead to a more and evaluate the unmanned systems technologies (e.g., tactical behaviors and
rapid and complete protection from dengue infection. perception algorithms). Test bed platforms with software, appropriate mission
modules, and associated hardware developed under this program support
Candidate Multivalent Vaccine Against HIV-1 warfighter experiments in a militarily significant environment in conjunction
This ATO seeks to evaluate novel Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) with TRADOC.
vaccination strategies using a modified virus as the delivery vehicle of candidate
vaccines into the human body. The objective is to demonstrate that these vaccines
are safe for human subjects and capable of inducing an immune response which
protects against HIV-1.

Figure 11: Safe Operation of Unmanned Systems for Reconnaissance in Complex Environments
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SOLDIER SYSTEMS High-Definition Cognition (HD-COG) In Operational Environments


This ATO researches real-time understanding of brain function in operational
Soldier Planning Interfaces and Networked Electronics environments to allow matching of Soldier capabilities and advanced technologies.
This ATO develops a government-owned, Soldier-borne electronic equipment For example, vehicle crewstations could cue Soldiers based on how their brains
architecture that incorporates a National Security Agency-approved wireless process what they see, hear, and feel. Such neuro-ergonomic designs can exploit
personal area network subsystem (Figure 12). The Soldier Planning Interfaces how the brain functions, providing tremendous Soldier performance improvements.
and Networked Electronics (SPINE) ATO reduces the Soldier-borne footprint and This program develops technologies to assess Soldier neuro-cognitive processes
electronics system weight by 30 percent through the loss of wires and connectors. in operational environments, as well as techniques to use them for neuro-
The wireless network will be powered by a conformal battery currently under ergonomic design. Technology development will focus on solutions to cognition,
development that increases power by 50 percent for a 24-hour period. Additionally, visual scanning, and platform control for mounted and dismounted operations.
the ATO utilizes emerging software services to enable Soldier connectivity and Approximately three experiments will be performed each year to look at ATO-
data exchange to current and future tactical radio networks and battle command developed technologies in a motion-based simulation environment.
systems. Throughout this effort, capability demonstrations are conducted at the
C4ISR On The Move (OTM) test bed at Ft. Dix, NJ, to monitor progress.

Figure 12 : Soldier Planning Interfaces & Networked Electronics


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LOGISTICS reduces fuel consumption through the use of advanced materials and combustion
controls; extends the battlefield mission through the use of transitional power
Power for the Dismounted Soldier for unmanned ground vehicles/robotics, communications, and power electronic
This ATO matures and demonstrates technologies to provide small, lightweight, controls; reduces logistics footprint (50 percent fuel savings/50 percent less
low-cost power sources. It demonstrates batteries that are half the size and twice hardware) with Tri-Generation approaches; and enhances strategic mobility/
the energy of C4ISR primary batteries (e.g., SINCGARS, Advanced SINCGARS deployability without adversely impacting logistics costs, capability, or readiness.
Improvement Program (ASIP); conformal rechargeable Soldier system batteries;
a Soldier-mission-extending hybrid fuel cell; and a JP8-powered Soldier-portable High Performance Lightweight Track
power source for tactical battery recharging. The goals of the efforts include This ATO provides two high-performance lightweight track system options for
reduction in weight by 50 percent for Soldier power; extended mission times in 3040 ton class vehicles: a Segmented Band Track and a Lightweight Metallic
Soldier and sensor applications; reduction in resupply quantity, weight and costs; Track. Future combat vehicles need lightweight track with acceptable
and increased Soldier mobility, sustainability, survivability, and deployability by maintainability, durability, and survivability. The current lightweight track ATO
providing higher-energy sources and recharging capability. developed a 16.5-foot wide segmented band track for a 25-ton vehicle. Requirements
growth for the proposed Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) has caused critical demand
Advanced Affordable Engine Technology for a higher capacity, more survivable lightweight track. Lightweight track systems
The goal of this ATO is to develop a 3,000 horsepower gas turbine engine for are challenged by increased vehicle weights and performance requirements and
improved operational capability for Blackhawk, Apache, and other Future require innovative materials and design improvements to meet high strength,
Force rotorcraft. Target goals include a 25 percent reduction in specific fuel durability, and survivability targets. This program will improve/optimize
consumption, a 65 percent increase in horsepower-to-weight ratio, a 35 percent lightweight segmented track technology through utilization of Best in Class high-
reduction in operation and support cost, and a 20 percent improvement in design performance elastomers and designs to enhance durability and survivability. This
life. By the end of FY11, the goal is to complete rig testing of optimized component ATO seeks to develop and refine Lightweight Metallic Track through optimized and
designs (TRL5) and demonstrate the ATO via an engine test. This demonstration innovative designs and materials that deliver performance, maintainability, and
provides a technology base supporting significant increases in rotorcraft range survivability at 3040 tons.
and payload capability while reducing logistical burden. Results of this ATO also
provide technology base/tools for application to Future Force rotorcraft.

Mobile Power
This ATO develops and demonstrates innovative, cross-platform power
technologies that extend the power spectrum, extend the battlefield mission, and
enhance strategic mobility/deployability without adversely impacting logistics
costs, capability, or readiness for tactical soldier, UGV, mobile, and TriGeneration
applications. The Mobile Power ATO evaluates the impact of changes to the
DoD approach to fuel utilization and will reconstruct traditional assumptions
for development. Non-traditional power technologies will be investigated for
Modular Force application. The ATO extends the power spectrum through the
development of alternative prime movers such as fuel cells, Stirling, closed-cycle
Brayton, and Dual Pressure turbine engines. It enhances power delivery and Figure 13: High-Performance, Lightweight Track
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BASIC RESEARCH 1 Autonomous SystemsExtending the operational effectiveness of Soldiers


through robotic systems
A major military objective is to totally frustrate and defeat our adversaries
across a wide spectrum of conflicts while dramatically increasing the
survivability of our Soldiers by keeping them out of harms way. Autonomous
systems of extraordinary capability can fulfill this objective; however, they must
be completely safe and secure while operating in highly complex operational
environments. Achieving such levels of capability will require significant
investments in highly sophisticated sense, response, and processing systems
approaching that of biological systems; major advances in artificial intelligence;
the development of intelligent agents approaching human performance levels;
and advances in machine learning, swarming, and actuation and control.

2 BiotechnologyLeveraging four billion years of evolution


The increasing importance and demands for wide-area persistent surveillance
create significant challenges for sensor systems, real-time processing of vast
amounts of data, the real-time interpretation of information for decision-making,
and power and energy requirements to support such demanding systems. Through
four billion years of evolution, biological systems have engineered solutions
to some of these challenges. We seek to leverage research in these areas for
improving the performance of our Soldiers. Major investments in this area
Figure 14 : Basic Research Investments through reverse engineering will lead to totally new sensing systems, new ways
for the rapid processing of data into information, the development of novel sense
Basic research investments are a critical hedge in acquiring new knowledge and response systems, and biologically inspired power and energy solutions.
in areas that hold great promise in advancing new and technically challenging
Army capabilities and concepts to enable revolutionary advances and paradigm- 3 Immersive TechnologyThe path to virtual reality training
shifting future operational capabilities. Areas of emerging interest and focus in The evolving threat environment continues to put increasing demands on
basic research are autonomous systems, biotechnology, immersive technology, the diversity and effectiveness of Soldier skills. To meet these demands,
nanotechnology, network science, neuroscience, and quantum effects. Investment superior training tools and methods are needed. Virtual worlds can provide
in basic research within the Army provides insurance against an uncertain this capability; however, we are currently at primitive stages in their
future and guards against technological surprise. And if we are successful, realization. With advances in computational processing and steady progress in
these investments will make it possible to conduct ever-more complex military understanding the brains software comes the possibility of creating highly
operations, with greater speed and precision, to devastate any adversary on realistic virtual training environments inhabited by humanlike avatars. Such
any battlefield. The following is a brief summary of the areas of investment, the environments will provide a paradigm shift in the way we provide training,
synergy among them, and some of the capabilities they may provide. while achieving low-cost, safe, low-environmental impact, highly variable
simulation environments for the future training of our Soldiers.
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4 NanotechnologyDramatically changing our ability to manufacture new 6 NeuroscienceUnderstanding how the human brain works
material by design Fundamental to the conduct of military operations is superior Soldier
The last century was dominated by advances in the physical sciences performance. Understanding how the human brain works, i.e., determining the
through the discovery of the atom, its structure and the laws that govern brains software, is key to developing these capabilities. When embedded in a
its behavior. This century will be dominated by the complex world of biology wide range of military platforms, this software will provide superior training
and nanoscience whose mysteries will be unraveled by our understanding methods and human system interfaces that will be tuned to an individuals
of systems of atoms and molecules. Nanotechnology is the manipulation of characteristics, thereby resulting in superior Soldier performance. Research in
matter on a near-atomic scale to produce new structures, materials, and this area will also dramatically advance our ability to prevent and treat those
devices. Nanotechnology research makes it possible to explore the emerging suffering from various types of battlefield brain injury.
biotech field and dramatically change our capability in creating new materials
by design. This technology has the ability to transform many industries in 7 Quantum EffectsOvercoming the limitations of Moores Law
discovering and creating new materials with properties that will revolutionize Increasing demands for information to support rapid and effective decision-
military technology and make Soldiers less vulnerable to the enemy and making on the battlefield require advanced sensor systems to collect relevant
to environmental threats. Research in nanoscale technologies is growing data, as well as the means for processing it into actionable forms. Major
rapidly worldwide. By 2015, the National Science Foundation estimates that advancements in processing power are required to cope with the demand to
nanotechnology will have a one trillion dollar impact on the global economy and process ever-larger amounts of data. Investments in this area will exploit the
employ two million workers, one million of whom may be in the United States. massive parallelism of the quantum world to create computers that will dwarf
the capabilities of the most powerful computers today, making them look
5 Network ScienceManaging complex military operations with greater like pocket calculators. The development of such computational systems will
speed and precision enable the embedding of high-performance computing in all military platforms,
Networks tie together the following: highly distributed sensor systems for including the Soldiers uniform.
reconnaissance and surveillance, information for decision-making, Soldiers, and
the execution of fast distributed precision fires. Better-functioning networks
are essential to advancing our ability to conduct complex military operations
with greater speed and precision. However, our state of knowledge of these
networks is relatively primitive and, as such, significantly impairs our ability
to fully realize the potential that networks can provide on current and future
battlefields. A new multidisciplinary approach is being implemented that
combines communications, information, and the social/human component of
networks, and that changes the way we address the challenges associated with
optimizing the use of networks. Advances in network science will allow us to
predict and optimize network performance before we build them through the
creation of wholly new design tools.
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S&T ROLE IN FORMAL ACQUISITION MILESTONES through the development of practical, intelligent, and operationally relevant
software tools aiding analysis and interpretation of battlefield intelligence. We are
The Army S&T community role in acquisition involves not only technology key participants in an advanced Automotive Battery Initiative with over two billion
development and transition but also formal participation in milestone decisions dollars committed to dual-use battery manufacturing through the Department
for acquisition programs of record. As the component S&T executive, the Deputy of Energy. We built the worlds first precise, flexible, fiber-optic tool for CO2 laser
Assistant Secretary of the Army (DASA) for Research and Technology (R&T) is surgery using flexible optoelectronic fiber based technology now performing
responsible for conducting technology readiness assessments (TRAs) at Milestone over 175 life-saving weekly procedures. The Joint High Power Solid-State Laser
B and C decision points for major defense acquisition programs (MDAPs). This (JHPSSL) program demonstrated a laser with 105 kilowatts (kW) outputthe
assessment has become even more important with recent statutory requirements for highest output recorded for a solid state laser, and a power threshold traditionally
the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA) to certify to Congress that the technologies viewed as a proof of principle for weapons grade capable high-energy lasers. The
of an MDAP have been demonstrated to be at least at Technology Readiness Level Army Science Board completed a Quick Reaction study providing independent
(TRL) 6 in a relevant environment prior to making a Milestone B decision. The TRA recommendations for survivable manned ground vehicle designs to inform Army
serves as the gauge of this readiness for the MDAs certification at both Army and leadership on alternatives for the cancelled Future Combat Systems manned ground
Office of the Secretary of Defense levels. The TRA process is a collaborative effort vehicle. The Army Science Board completed a Soldier suicide mitigation study to
carried out among the program office, the S&T community, and (for acquisition develop and propose suicide mitigation actions and policy changes to reduce suicide
category [ACAT] 1D programs) the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (USD) rates among Soldiers.
Acquisition Technology & Logistics (AT&L).
In the coming years, the Armys Science and Technology (S&T) community plans
to continue pursuing basic and applied research and technology development in
SUMMARY areas of force protection, C4ISR, medical, lethality, Soldiers, logistics, rotorcraft,
unmanned systems, and advanced simulation that will potentially allow the Army
Army research investments are targeted in areas fundamental to realizing superior to maintain superior land warfighting capabilities. This strategy also retains
land warfighting capabilities and discovering new knowledge from research in flexibility to develop solutions that are responsive to changing warfighter needs.
areas highly relevant to the Army mission. These areas include research in network The technological sophistication required for 21st century operations constantly
science to better understand, predict performance, and design future networks; increases with the broadening nature of threats and the greater availability of
neuroscience to better understand how the brain works so that we might improve technology to our adversaries. The goal of the Armys ongoing research is to
human-machine interfaces and Soldier performance; new materials science to better provide high-payoffthe type that the private sector is not likely to sustain over
protect our Soldiers and equipment; immersive virtual systems to improve our the long haul because there is no linkage to acquisition programs at the outset of
training capability; and biotechnology/nanotechnology autonomous systems. research. This high-risk research is essential if we are to achieve the technological
breakthroughs that result in dramatic performance improvements in the Armys
Army S&T has made significant progress establishing persistent night surveillance systems. One such breakthrough in guidance and control technolo