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Pgina 1

DISEO DE LOSA DE CIMENTACIN


1
DATOS:
Fc
Fy
S/C=
Df=
qa=

210
4200
450
90
1.4

s =
c =

Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
Kg/m2
cm
K/cm2

1700
2400
1
217370.651

Ks =
E=

Kg/m3
Kg/m3
Kg/cm3
Kg/cm2

CUADRO DE CARGAS
Columna
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

b (cm)
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

S/C(kg/cm2)

t (cm)
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

PD (t)
45
60
60
60
100
70
60
70
60
585

PL (t)
25
30
30
30
40
30
30
30
30
275

1.4Pd+1.7pL

105500
135000
135000
135000
208000
149000
135000
149000
135000

450

P1

P3

P2

s (kg/m3)=

Ks (kg/cm3)
1.00

1700

Df

90

Y
A

20

F
Y

450

980

450

40

60

L
X

20

540

540

60

1160.00

DEFINIR EL METODO A USAR:


Asumiendo t =

50

3 Ks
E x T^3

0.00324

cm
1/4

1,75 /

T =
Ks =
E =
E =

50
cm
1
Kg/cm3
15000 (F'C)^1/2

217370.651

Kg/cm2

539.87

>

Lc

usamos metodo rigido

Pgina 2

1 CALCULO DEL AREA DE LA LOSA


Lcx=
540
Lcy=
450
Area Losa=
1136800
Lx=
1160.00
Ly=
980.00

cm2
cm
cm

2 CALCULO DE LA PRESON NETA


qa-s1 x h1- s2 x h2 - i x hi -c x hc - s/c

qn=

qn=

1.1670

K/cm2

3 CALCULO DE LAS PRESIONES POR DEBAJO DE LOS PUNTOS PERIMETRALES


X' =
X=
ex=
ex=
Entonces :

Pi x X' i
Pi
578.84
X- B/2
-1.16

Pu=
Ix=
Ix=
Iy=
Iy=
Mx=
Mx=
My=
My=
donde
q =
Tabla
PUNTOS
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L

Pi x Y' i
Pi

Y =
ey=
ey=

494.30
Y- L/2
4.30

cm
cm

Pu
A

q =

Y' =

+/-

My X
Iy

1.131685433

+/-

-1.174E-05

Pu/A
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132
1.132

X cm
-580
-290
250
580
-580
580
-580
580
-580
-290
250
580

(My X)/Iy
0.0068
0.0034
-0.0029
-0.0068
0.0068
-0.0068
0.0068
-0.0068
0.0068
0.0034
-0.0029
-0.0068

cm
cm
Mx Y
Ix

+/-

1286500.00 Kg
(B x L^3)/12

90981893333 cm4
(L x B^3)/12

1.27473E+11 cm4
Pu x ex
5534941.86 k-cm
Pu x ey
-1495930 k-cm
X

+/-

6.08356E-05

(My Y)/Ix
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.015
-0.012
-0.012
-0.030
-0.030
-0.030
-0.030

q (K/cm2)
1.160
1.165
1.159
1.155
1.153
1.140
1.126
1.112
1.109
1.105
1.099
1.095

Y cm
490
490
490
490
245
245
-205
-205
-490
-490
-490
-490

VERIFICACIN
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q
qn > q

4 CALCULO DEL PERALTE DE LA LOSA , VERIFICANDO EL CORTE POR PUNZONAMIENTO


En las columnas de mayor carga y de menor desarrollo de superficie de punzonamiento
COLUMNA 5

Vu= Pu - qnu x m x n

pu=
m =

Vu=

208000 -1.1670 x (40+d)x(40+d)

Vc = 1.1(Fc)^1/2 bod
Vc =

208000

14.35 x 4 x (40+d) x d

Kg

40+d

qnu=
n =

1.1670

K/cm2

40+d
40+d

...................1

bo = 2m +2n
.....................2

40
40

40+d

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Pgina 3

Igualando

1=2

d=

44

cm

40

COLUMNA 2

40+d/2
pu=
qnu=
Igualando

135000
1.1670

Kg
K/cm2

40

Vu = Vc

40+d
d=

45

cm

COLUMNA 1
40
pu=
qnu=
Igualando

105500
1.1670

Kg
K/cm2

40+d/2
40

Vu = Vc
d=

55

cm

tomamos el mayor valor de "d"


d=
d=
Tomamos
t=

55
57
67

cm
cm
cm

40+d/2

Verificacin de la condicin de diseo


tomando t =
67
cm
1/4
3 Ks
=
E x T^3

0.00260

1,75 /

672.38

>

OK!

METODO RIGIDO

5 CALCULO DEL FACTOR DE MODIFICACION DE CARGA "F" PARA CADA FRANJA


FRANJA 1
q
q prom
b
L
P
P
A
B
C
D
E
F
E
F
H
G
G
H
I
J
K
L
A
B
J
I
G
E
B
C
J
K
C
D
F
H
K
L

1.16
1.164898121
1.158561083
1.154688449
1.153396613
1.139783717
1.153396613
1.139783717
1.112407678
1.126020574
1.126020574
1.112407678
1.108682416
1.105279192
1.098942155
1.09506952
1.16
1.164898121
1.105279192
1.108682416
1.126020574
1.153396613
1.164898121
1.158561083
1.105279192
1.098942155
1.158561083
1.154688449
1.139783717
1.112407678
1.098942155
1.09506952

1.155

245

1160.00

P1
P2
P3

375500

CP
351906.95

F
1

1.133

450

1160.00

P4
P5
P6

492000

541687.46

1.10
1.22

1.108

285

1160.00

P7
P8
P9

419000

392608.36

1.00

1.136

290

980.00

P1
P4
P7

375500

349229.52

1.00

1.132

540

980.00

P2
P5
P8

492000

545506.07

1.11
1.22

1.127

330

980.00

P3
P6
P9

419000

391667.25

1.00

Pgina 4

6.-

DISEO DE LA LOSA
FRANJA 1
Calculo de la cargas actuantes
LADO IZQ
A
E
q1

q
1.160
1.153
283.391
282.000

q=w=

LADO DERE
D
F

q
1.155
1.140

b
245

q2

281.073

P
1
2
3

P (Kg)
105500
135000
135000

k/cm2

105500

135000

135000

W= 282.000

20

540

540

60
69700

52420

5640

-65300
-82580

-99860

-17624485.82

X1 Max=
X2 Max=

-24213830

374.11
478.72

56400

507600
12752400

Verificacin del corte por flexin


b=
245
d=
57
t=
67

Vmax=
L=

Vu=
Vc=

Vc=

78146.00
107257.20
91168.62

Ok

99860
20

Refuerzo Superior
Mu=
24213829.79 Kg-cm
AS=

Por tanteo

As =
As min=

Ing.db

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a
5.00
11.29
11.979
12.060
125.68
29.55
1

a=
As
117.537
124.733
125.578
125.678
cm2
cm2
plg

a
11.288
11.979
12.060
12.070

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

f
1.00
1.0
1.0

p*f
105500
135000
135000

Pgina 5

N varillas
25

Espaciamiento
9
cm

Refuerzo Inferiorr
Mu=
12752400

u s a r

Kg-cm

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

AS=

Por tanteo

Ing.db

62.47
29.55

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a=

a
5.00
5.94
6.00
6.00

As =
As min=

26 1" @ 9cm

As
61.902
62.443
62.473
62.475

a
5.94
6.00
6.00
6.00

cm2
cm2

N varillas
22

3/4
plg
Espaciamiento
11
cm

u s a r

23 3/4" @ 10 cm

FRANJA 2
LADO IZQ
E
G
q1

q
1.153
1.126
512.869
510.000

q=w=

LADO DERE
F
H

q
1.140
1.112

q2

506.743

b
450

P
4
5
6

P (Kg)
135000
208000
149000

k/cm2
162000

249600

178800

W= 510.000

20

540

540

60
149400

123600

10200

-29400
-126000
-151800

X1 Max=
X2 Max=

317.65
350.59
-22489411.76

102000

-20614588

918000
7512000

f
1.10

p*f
148500
228800
163900

Pgina 6

Verificacin del corte por flexin


b=
450
d=
57
t=
67
151800
Vmax=
20
L=

Vu=
Vc=

Vc=

112530
197003.02
167452.57

Ok

Refuerzo Superior
Mu=
22489411.76 Kg-cm
AS=

Por tanteo

Usar As =
As min=

Ing.db
N varillas
22

u s a r

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a
5.00
5.71
5.745
5.747
109.92
54.27
1

Por tanteo

As =
As min=

Ing.db
N varillas
19

u s a r

As
109.167
109.880
109.918
109.920

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a
5.71
5.75
5.747
5.747

cm2
cm2
plg

Espaciamiento
21
cm

23 1" @ 20 cm.

Refuerzo Inferiorr
Mu=
7512000
AS=

a=

Kg-cm

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a=

a
5.00
1.91
1.85
1.85

54.27
54.27
3/4

As
36.464
35.458
35.441
35.441

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a
1.91
1.85
1.85
1.85

cm2
cm2
plg

Espaciamiento
24
cm

18 3/4" @ 25 cm.

FRANJA 3
LADO IZQ
G
I
q1
q=w=

q
1.126
1.109
318.445
317.000

LADO DERE
H
L

q
1.112
1.095

q2

314.566

k/cm2

b
285

P
4
5
6

P (Kg)
135000
208000
149000

f
1.00
1.00
1.00

p*f
135000
208000
149000

Pgina 7

135000

208000

149000

W= 317.000

20

540

540

60
5700

42520

X1 Max=
X2 Max=

425.8675079
470.0315457
6340

-143300
-165480
-128660

-26046056.78

-26077350

63400

570600
23194400

Verificacin del corte por flexin


b=
285
d=
57
t=
67
128660
Vmax=
20
L=

Vu=
Vc=

Vc=

104251.00
124768.58
106053.29

Ok

Refuerzo Superior
Mu=
26077350.16 Kg-cm
AS=

Por tanteo

Usar As =
As min=

Ing.db
N varillas
26

u s a r

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a
5.00
10.45
11.001
11.06
134.03
34.37
1

As
126.583
133.246
133.958
134.034

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a
10.45
11.00
11.059
11.07

cm2
cm2
plg

Espaciamiento
11
cm

26 1" @ 11

Refuerzo Inferiorr
Mu=
23194400
AS=

a=

Mu

Kg-cm
a=

As Fy

Pgina 8

AS=

a=

0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

Por tanteo

a
5.00
9.30
9.68
9.71
9.72

Usar As =
As min=

Ing.db
N varillas
23

u s a r

117.68
34.37
1

As
112.589
117.207
117.636
117.676
117.679

0.85 Fc b

a
9.30
9.68
9.71
9.72
9.72

cm2
cm2
plg

Espaciamiento
12
cm

23 1" @ 12 cm.

FRANJA 4
LADO IZQ
A
I
q1
q=w=

q
1.160
1.109
328.959
329.000

LADO DERE
B
J

q
1.165
1.105

b
290

q2

329.176

P
1
4
7

P (Kg)
105500
135000
135000

k/cm2

105500

135000

135000

W= 329.000

20

450

450

60
62180

49130

X1 Max=
X2 Max=

320.668693
410.3343465 6580

-72820
-85870
-98920

-14805273.56

65800

592200
11136950

Verificacin del corte por flexin

-19597568

f
1.00
1.00
1.00

p*f
105500
135000
135000

Pgina 9

b=
d=
t=
Vmax=
L=

290
57
67

Vu=
Vc=

Vc=

73587.00
126957.50
107913.88

Ok

98920
20

Refuerzo Superior
Mu=
19597568.39 Kg-cm
AS=

Por tanteo

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a=

a
5.00
7.72
7.916
7.93

As
95.129
97.562
97.744
97.757

As =
As min=

97.76
34.97

cm2
cm2

Ing.db

plg

N varillas
19

u s a r

Por tanteo

19 1" @ 16 cm.
Kg-cm

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a=

a
5.00
4.39
4.36
4.36
4.36

As
54.060
53.758
53.745
53.745
53.745

Usar As =
As min=

53.75
34.97

cm2
cm2

Ing.db

3/4

plg

N varillas
19

u s a r

a
7.72
7.92
7.93
7.93

Espaciamiento
16
cm

Refuerzo Inferiorr
Mu=
11136950

AS=

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a
4.39
4.36
4.36
4.36
4.36

Espaciamiento
16
cm

19 3/4" @ 16 cm.

FRANJA 5
LADO IZQ
B
C
q1
q=w=

q
1.165
1.159
627.334
611.000

LADO DERE
J
K

q
1.105
1.099

q2

595.140

b
540

P
2
5
8

k/cm2

149850

230880

165390

P (Kg)
135000
208000
149000

f
1.11
1.11
1.11

p*f
149850
230880
165390

Pgina 10

W= 611

20

450

450

60
181390

X1 Max=
X2 Max=

245.2536825
270.6873977

137320

12220

16000
-93560
-137630

-15378632.16

-12461094

122200

1099800
52450

Verificacin del corte por flexin


b=
540
d=
57
t=
67
181390
Vmax=
20
L=

Vu=
Vc=

Vc=

134343.00
236403.63
200943.08

Ok

Refuerzo Superior
Mu=
15378632.16 Kg-cm
AS=

Por tanteo

Usar As =
As min=

Ing.d.b
N varillas
26

u s a r

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a=

a
5.00
3.25
3.201
3.20
73.44
65.12

As
74.650
73.472
73.438
73.437
cm2
cm2

3/4
plg
Espaciamiento
21
cm

26 3/4" @ 21

Refuerzo Inferiorr
Mu=
1099800

Kg-cm

a
3.25
3.20
3.20
3.20

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

Pgina 11

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

AS=

Por tanteo

a
5.00
0.23
0.22
0.22

As
5.339
5.115
5.114
5.114

Usar As =
As min=

65.12
65.12

cm2
cm2

Ing.db

3/4

plg

N varillas
23

u s a r

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a=
a
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.22

Espaciamiento
24
cm

23 3/4" @

24 cm

FRANJA 6
LADO IZQ
C
D
q1
q=w=

q
1.159
1.155
381.686
372.000

LADO DERE
K
L

q
1.099
1.095

b
330

q2

362.012

P
3
6
9

P (Kg)
135000
149000
135000

k/cm2
135000

149000

135000

W= 372

20

450

450

60

58240

X1 Max=
X2 Max=

362.9032258
362.9032258

39840

7440

-76760
-109160
-127560

-21795967.74

74400

669600
19662600

Verificacin del corte por flexin


b=
330
d=
57

-16395968

Vu=
Vc=

98916.00
144468.88

f
1.00
1.00
1.00

p*f
135000
149000
135000

Pgina 12

t=
67
127560
Vmax=
20
L=
Refuerzo Superior
Mu=
0
AS=

Por tanteo

As =
As min=

Ing.d.b
N varillas
8

u s a r

Por tanteo

Usar As =
As min=

Ing.d.b
N varillas
19

u s a r

a=

a
5.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
39.80
39.80

122798.55

Ok

Kg-cm

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

As
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

As Fy
0.85 Fc b

a
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

cm2
cm2

1
plg
Espaciamiento
46
cm

21 1" @ 16 cm.

Refuerzo Inferiorr
Mu=
19662600
AS=

Vc=

Kg-cm

Mu
0.9 Fy (d-a/2)

a=

a
5.00
6.81
6.92
6.93

As
95.445
97.052
97.156
97.163

97.16
39.80

cm2
cm2

plg

Espaciamiento
18
cm

19 1" @ 18 cm

a
6.81
6.92
6.93
6.93

As Fy
0.85 Fc b