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ABSTRACT

In order to analyse and design a Multi storey building one has to


ensure that the structure is safe against all the possible loading conditions and fulfill the function for which they are built. There are several methods for analysis of different frames like Kanis method, Cantilever method, Portal Matrix method, etc. The modern method analysis is done using STAAD Pro.

In the proposed project an attempt has been made to design a multi


storey (G+10) Commercial building, where the slabs are designed Manually. After designing the slabs the load distribution on beams are done by using yield line theories, after this the frames are generated, analysis and design of columns and beams are carried out using the STAAD Pro software and by Manual methods too.

The footings of the building are designed Manually by taking the


Loads from the results given by STAAD. The bearing capacity of the soil at site is assumed as 220kN/m2. The staircase design is done manually, and the approximate quantities of concrete and steel for all the items are calculated using concrete take-off command.

The Architectural and structural drawings are collected and will be


placed in order in the project wherever necessary. ***

NOTATIONS USED IN DESIGN


Ag Asc Ast b D D fck fy L lx ly P Pu Pt qs Sv V Vu Vus W Wl Wd ax ay : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Gross area of section Area of compressive steel Area of tensile steel Breadth of beam or shorter dimension of a rectangular column Overall depth of the beam or slab or longer dimension of a Rectangular column Effective depth of the beam or slab Characteristic Compressive strength of concrete Characteristic Strength of steel Length of the beam or the unsupported length of the column Effective short span Effective long span Net upward pressure Design axial load for limit state design Percentage of tension reinforcement Bearing capacity of soil Spacing of stirrups Shear force Shear force due to factored load Shear reinforcement Uniformly Distributed Live Load Distributed load per unit area Dead load of slab Moment Co-efficient in shorter direction at span Moment Co-efficient in longer direction at span

Mux : Muy : Sx Sy Vux Vuy Ptx Pty Mx My


v

Factored Bending Moment in shorter direction Factored Bending Moment in longer direction Spacing in shorter direction at span Spacing in longer direction at span Factored Shear force in shorter direction Factored Shear force in longer direction Percentage of steel reinforcement in shorter direction at top Percentage of steel reinforcement in longer direction at top Short span bending moment for two way slab Long span bending moment for two way slab Nominal shear stress Vertical load in dead load case Vertical load in live load case Pressure on foundation Total vertical load from column Pressure on foundation Allowable gross bearing pressure Maximum gross bearing pressure Unit weight of soil Weight of backfill Unit weight of concrete Final width of footing in X-direction Final width of footing in Y-direction Contact Area Effective thickness of the footing at column face in X-direction Effective thickness of the footing at column face in Y-direction Clear cover to the outermost reinforcement bar

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Pd Pl Prdl Pdw Qall gs gc Bx By dw

Prdw : Qmax : Wbckfl :

Tcolx : Tcoly : Clfoot :

c cmax

: :

Shear stress of concrete Maximum permissible shear stress of concrete Failure against One-way shear Failure against One-way shear Shear stress at the critical section parallel to Y-axis Shear stress at the critical section parallel to X-axis Percentage of bottom reinforcement along Y-direction Permissible shear stress at the section parallel to X-axis Ratio of minimum to maximum dimension of column Permissible tensile stress of steel Design bond stress

Dsfx : Dsfy :
vx vy

: : : : : : :

Pty
cy

Bc
st bd

CONTENTS

SL. NO
01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. 10. 11.

NAME OF THE TOPIC


INTRODUCTION LITERATURE SURVEY INTRODUCTION TO STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS DESIGNING SLAB DESIGN ANALYSIS OF FRAMES DESIGN OF BEAMS DESIGN OF COLUMNS DESIGN OF FOOTINGS DESIGN OF STAIRCASE CONCLUSION AND REFERENCES

PAGE NO.S
01-04 05-11 12-22 23-29 30-54 55-100 101-114 115-127 128-132 133-136 137-139