294 views

Uploaded by Ahmed Fgt Kaasehg

Numerical method of heat transfer

- Numerical Methods
- Exact Differential Equations
- PHY2009S Buffler Fluid Dynamics
- Heat Transfer with Matlab
- Numerical Methods in Heat Mass Momentum Transfer (Lecture Notes)JayathiMurthy
- Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics - Solutions Manual
- Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer - Anderson
- Gupta - Fundamentals of Internal Combustion Engine
- Numerical Methods in Heat Transfer
- Fundamentals of Multi Phase Flows
- Thermal Engineering by Khurmi
- Patankar Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
- Laminar Flow
- Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer
- Computational Heat Transfer, VOL1; Mathematical Modelling_1995.pdf
- Convection
- Convection Transfer Equations
- Ht Forced Convection
- Cooling Methods for PE Devices
- MTTQ.B.

You are on page 1of 25

Yoav Peles

Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

Objectives

Understand the limitations of analytical solutions of conduction problems, and the need for computation-intensive numerical methods, Express derivates as differences, and obtain finite difference formulations, Solve steady one-dimensional conduction problems numerically using the finite difference method, and Solve transient one- or two-dimensional conduction problems using the finite difference method.

1. Limitations Analytical solution methods are limited to highly simplified problems in simple geometries. 2. Better Modeling An approximate solution is usually more accurate than the exact solution of a crude mathematical model. 3. Flexibility Engineering problems often require extensive parametric studies. 4. Complications even when the analytical solutions are available, they might be quite intimidating.

The numerical methods for solving differential equations are based on replacing the differential equations by algebraic equations. For finite difference method, this is done by replacing the derivatives by differences. A function f that depends on x. The first derivative of f(x) at a point is equivalent to the slope of a line tangent to the curve at that point.

df ( x ) f = lim x 0 x dx

f ( x + x ) f ( x ) = lim x 0 x

(5-5)

If we dont take the indicated limit, we will have the following approximate relation for the derivative:

df ( x ) dx f ( x + x ) f ( x ) x

(5-6)

The equation above can also be obtained by writing the Taylor series expansion of the function f about the point x,

2 1 2 d f ( x) f ( x + x ) = f ( x ) + x + x + (5-7) 2 dx 2 dx

df ( x )

The first term neglected is proportional to x2, and thus the error involved in each step is also proportional to x2.

However, the commutative error involved after M steps in the direction of length L is proportional to x since M(x2 )= (L/x)x2 = Lx.

Error = Lx

Steady one-dimensional heat conduction in a plane wall of thickness L with heat generation.

M+1 points 0, 1, 2, . . . , m-1, m, m+1, . . . , M called nodes or nodal points. The x-coordinate of any point m is xm = m(x). The temperature at that point is simply T(xm) = Tm.

Internal (1 ~ (M-1)) and boundary nodal points

(0 or M).

Using Eq. 56

dT dx Tm Tm 1 x dT dx Tm +1 Tm x

(5-8)

1 2

m+

1 2

Noting that the second derivative is simply the derivative of the first derivative:

dT dx dT dx x Tm +1 Tm Tm Tm 1 x x = x Tm 1 2Tm + Tm +1 = x 2

d T dx 2

m+

1 2

1 2

(5-9)

The governing equation for steady one-dimensional heat transfer in a plane wall with heat generation and constant thermal conductivity

d T e + =0 2 dx k

(5-10)

d T 2 dx

Tm 1 2Tm + Tm +1 2 x

(5-9)

-The equation is applicable to each of the M-1 interior nodes M-1 equations for the determination of temperatures. -The two additional equations needed to solve are obtained by applying the energy balance on the two elements at the boundaries.

Boundary Conditions

A boundary node does not have a neighboring node on at least one side. Energy balance on the volume elements of boundary nodes is applied. Boundary conditions frequently encountered are:

1. 2. 3. 4.

specified temperature, specified heat flux, convection, and radiation boundary conditions.

Node number

1. Specified temperature boundary conditions: T(0) = T0 = Specified value T(L) = TM = Specified value

All sides

Q + Egen ,element = 0

(5-20)

The finite difference formulation at the node m=0 can be expressed as:

Qleft surface T1 T0 + kA + e0 ( Ax / 2 ) = 0 x

(5-21)

The finite difference form of various boundary conditions can be obtained from Eq. 521 by replacing Qleft surface left surface by a suitable expression.

T1 T0 q0 A + kA + e0 ( Ax / 2 ) = 0 x

(5-22)

T1 T0 hA (T T0 ) + kA + e0 ( Ax / 2 ) = 0 x

(5-24)

A (T

4 surr

4 0

T1 T0 + kA + e0 ( Ax / 2 ) = 0 x

(5-25)

hA(T T0 ) + A T

4 surr

4 0

T1 T0 + kA + e0 ( Ax / 2 ) = 0 (5-26) x

The finite difference formulation of a node on an insulated boundary can be treated as zero heat flux is Eq. 523. Another and more practical way is to treat the node on an insulated boundary as an interior node.

By replacing the insulation on the boundary by a mirror and considering the reflection of the medium as its extension Using Eq. 5.11:

Tm 1 2Tm + Tm +1 em + = 0 2 x k T1 2T0 + T1 em = 0 + 2 x k

(5-30)

(T1 T0 ) + em x 2 / 2k = 0

Homework

10 segments are selected (11 node points)

1 x

10

EES Answer: T1=26.46oC, T2=50.06oC, T3=70.81oC, T4=88.7oC, T5=103.7oC, T6=115.6oC, T7=125.2oC, T8=131.7oC, T9=135.3oC, T10=136oC

- Numerical MethodsUploaded byhaithamelramlawi7503
- Exact Differential EquationsUploaded byWASEEM_AKHTER
- PHY2009S Buffler Fluid DynamicsUploaded byVijay Kumarasamy
- Heat Transfer with MatlabUploaded byMehdi Rabbani
- Numerical Methods in Heat Mass Momentum Transfer (Lecture Notes)JayathiMurthyUploaded byapi-3803751
- Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics - Solutions ManualUploaded bybernishu
- Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer - AndersonUploaded byNeeraj Verma
- Gupta - Fundamentals of Internal Combustion EngineUploaded byDarwin M Salazar
- Numerical Methods in Heat TransferUploaded byjaiusm
- Fundamentals of Multi Phase FlowsUploaded byDarya Mustafina
- Thermal Engineering by KhurmiUploaded byMohammed Asib
- Patankar Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid FlowUploaded byDerli Dias
- Laminar FlowUploaded byWill Lau
- Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat TransferUploaded byTomer Saley
- Computational Heat Transfer, VOL1; Mathematical Modelling_1995.pdfUploaded byAhmadreza Aminian
- ConvectionUploaded byBanwari Lal Prajapat
- Convection Transfer EquationsUploaded byA.N.M. Mominul Islam Mukut
- Ht Forced ConvectionUploaded byMadhuri Gupta
- Cooling Methods for PE DevicesUploaded bymanojmuttepawar
- MTTQ.B.Uploaded byRam Rathore
- HEAT TRANSFERUploaded byloganx91
- An Equation of State for Non-Newtonian FluidsUploaded byMohammed Al-Azawy
- ThesisUploaded bynaru_sa
- Numerical Simulation of Forced Convection Over a Periodic Series 2011Uploaded byleonravi
- 09. External ForcedConvection CylinderInCrossFlowUploaded byEn Csak
- Laminar Flow SolverUploaded bykov709324
- Laminar Flow in Wavy ColumnUploaded byDhananjay Kadam
- Convection With Phase ChangeUploaded byhezihilik
- Laminar FlowUploaded byirqovi
- ForcedConvectionExternalFlows-ME211Uploaded by2gangadhara

- Compressed Air Ref EngUploaded byAhmed Fgt Kaasehg
- Ar Comprimido Eficiência EnergéticaUploaded byLSAQUINO
- KineticsUploaded byR Krishna Kumar
- Engineering Design Guidelines - Compressors Rev02 Klm Technology GroupUploaded byAhmed Fgt Kaasehg
- Engineering Design Guidelines - Compressors Rev02 Klm Technology GroupUploaded byAhmed Fgt Kaasehg
- Mechanical SealsUploaded byGanesh.Mahendra
- pumpsUploaded byMohamed Hassn Setit
- ValvesUploaded byAhmed El Gebaly
- GuidetoSubmersiblePumpSelectionUploaded byAshok Kumar Pillai
- Guide to the Selection of Rotodynamic Pumps FinalUploaded byAmeer Basha

- C4 Sequences and Series - Binomial SeriesUploaded byFaisal
- Alexander K. Gouts- The theory of Multiverse, multiplicity of physical objects and physical constantsUploaded byDex30KM
- Spur and Helical Gear Modeling in Pro-eUploaded byk_udhay
- Squeezing the Most Out of Casio Tay Kim Gaik 2009Uploaded by陈元 光
- MEI C1 Revision SheetUploaded byNazir Rashid
- IB 03change Axes(8 10)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- hwsUploaded byVinayak Raj
- trigonometry planUploaded byapi-256918606
- Sets, Relations, Functions and Number SystemUploaded byAnuj Tripathi
- Additional Mathematics 2003 November Paper 1Uploaded bylornarifa
- Math II - Intermediate Algebra - Addition of Rational ExpressionsUploaded byVincent Casem
- TleUploaded byguian doman
- Epicyclic GearUploaded byNirmal Jayanth
- Physical MathematicsUploaded byPatricio
- Lecture-13_Yield-Criterion.pdfUploaded byManoj Mallick
- The Riccati equation method with variable expansion coefficients. IV. Solving the Fitzhugh-Nagumo equation.Uploaded byMakos_Antoniou
- Adaptive Tri-Direction Edge Detection Operators based on the Spiral ArchitectureUploaded bySangeeta Inginshetty
- 1-s2.0-S0168874X06000734-mainUploaded byhsemarg
- M=M=1 QUEUE WITH ON-OFF SERVICE SPEEDSUploaded byBalaji Sethuraman
- Introduction to ProbabilityUploaded byMher Yesayan
- Solu2Uploaded bynikolaimuthama
- Derive Frustum Volume of a Square PyramidUploaded byWem Tij
- 7th Lesson Econometrics (1)Uploaded byGiorgi Getsadze
- MCMC Methods: Gibbs Sampling and the Metropolis-Hastings AlgorithmUploaded byAlbertoMartínIzquierdo
- Math Functions (Visual Basic)Uploaded bySarourn Soth
- Observations on Eigenvalue BucklingUploaded byVenkatesh Pulivarthi
- Blue Jackson ErrataUploaded byplucht1
- SAGE for Undergraduates.Uploaded byzhazzu
- RealTime OptimizationUploaded byshudhai jobe
- Worl.rtfUploaded byMuhammad Awais