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Southeast Asia Department Education Sector

Swetal Sindhvad, Education Specialist, SEHS 21 March 2013


ssindhvad@adb.org

SERD Education Program


SERD education program operates in five countries in Southeast Asia:
Indonesia Philippines Viet Nam Cambodia Lao PDR Myanmar

Regional Context
SERD countries are varied:
Lower middle-income:
Viet Nam, Indonesia, Philippines Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar

Less developed:

Strong economic growth ranging from 5.1% (Philippines) to 7.6% (Lao PDR) in 2012 Considerable variation in countries innovative capacity, knowledge economy development and competitiveness

Education and Training Challenges


Skill shortages Expansion of educational opportunities, particularly for post-basic education Improve quality and relevance of teaching and research Address access and quality disparities eg. girls, rural/urban Improve regulatory and financing frameworks for education Address education infrastructure gaps Shift to OCR borrowing economic development

Policy Focus for Human Capital Development, Southeast Asia


Country Indonesia Structural Policy Focus Improve the outcome of higher education and reduce urban-rural disparities in access to educational infrastructure Improve the access to and quality of basic education and strengthen TVET Increase skilled labor by education reform Improve the outcomes of education and reduce urban-rural disparities Strengthen the link between industries and academic institutions to improve labor force skills and to enhance research and development

Philippines Viet Nam Thailand Malaysia

Source: OECD (2011). Southeast Asian Economic Outlook 2011/12.

ADB Education and Training Sector Strategies


Education and training strategies vary according to country needs and objectives Sector strategies determined as part of Country Partnership Strategy process General focus is increasingly on:
Lower and upper secondary education Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) Higher education

ADB Education Policy Focus


Country-based and regional assistance (Greater Mekong Sub region) within SERD Focus is consistent with ADBs guiding documents:
Education Policy 2002 Strategy 2020 Education and Skills Strategies 2008 Education Sector Operational Plan Country Partnership Strategies and Country Operations Business Plans (COBPs) Country education assessments, sector strategies and road maps

SERD: New Projects


Current COBPs include a mix of lending and non-lending projects/programs projects, sector development programs, Capacity Development TAs (CDTAs) and Policy Advisory TAs (PATAs)

New projects plus a number of projects that follow-on from previous projects
ADB re-engagement in Myanmar Focus on public private partnerships

SERD: New Projects


Vietnam: Second Health Care in the Central Highlands, 2013 Philippines: Support to National Community-Driven Development Program, 2013 Myanmar: JFPR Strengthened National Response to HIV and AIDS, 2013 Lower Secondary Education for the Most Disadvantaged Regions Phase II: Viet Nam, 2014

Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training II: Cambodia, 2014

SERD Lending and Non-Lending Pipeline, 2013-2014


Education Program* 2013 Pipeline Second Health Care in the Central Highlands Support to National CommunityDriven Development Program Strengthening National Response to HIV and AIDS in Myanmar Second Secondary Education Sector Development Program Fourth Education Sector Development Program Viet Nam Philippines Myanmar Viet Nam Cambodia Loan Loan JFPR Loan PPTA 70.0 400.0 10.0 1.0 1.0 V. de Wit J. Mangahas E. Masaki E. Izawa S. Sindhvad Country Type

Amount (US$ M)

Contact

Note: *

Projects are indicative, pending ADB Management and Board approval, and approval timelines are subject to change.

SERD Lending and Non-Lending Pipeline, 2013-2014 (Contd)


Education Program* 2013 Pipeline (Contd) Support to Post-Primary Education Development Enhancing Capacities for the National Community-Driven Development Program Health Sector Governance Implementing the GMS HRD Strategic Framework and Action Plan Phase II Myanmar PATA 1.5 C. Spohr Country Type Amount (US$ M) Contact

Philippines Lao PDR All GMS Countries

CDTA PPTA R-PATA

1.5 0.75 2.250

J. Mangahas E. Masaki Y. Hirosato

Support for Regional Platform on Innovation and Human Resources Development for Competitiveness Towards an Integrated ASEAN Community

All GMS Countries

R-CDTA

1.5

Y. Hirosato

Note: * **

Projects are indicative, pending ADB Management and Board approval, and approval timelines are subject to change. Standby project.

SERD Lending and Non-Lending Pipeline, 2013-2014 (Contd)


Education Program* 2014 Pipeline Education Improvement Sector Development Program Second Lower Secondary Education for the Most Disadvantaged Areas Second Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project Third Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project Improving Higher Education in the Philippines
Note: *

Country

Type

Amount (US$ M)

Contact

Philippines

Loan

320.0

N. LaRocque

Viet Nam

Loan

88.8

E. Izawa

Cambodia

Loan

20.0

S. Sindhvad

Cambodia

PPTA

0.8

S. Sindhvad

Philippines

CDTA

0.6

N. LaRocque

Projects are indicative, pending ADB Management and Board approval, and approval timelines are subject to change.

ADB Website

http://www.adb.org/Education/ Thank you