You are on page 1of 8

EN 1996-1-1 DK NA:2008

National Annex to Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures Part 1-1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures
_______________________________________________________________________

Foreword
In connection with the incorporation of Eurocodes into Danish building legislation to replace the Danish structural codes of practice, this National Annex was prepared in 2006-2007 to implement Eurocode 6 in Denmark.

Scope
This National Annex lays down the conditions for the implementation of the Eurocode.

Contents
This National Annex specifies the national choices prescribed in Denmark. The national choices may be in the form of nationally applicable values, an option between methods given in the Eurocode, or the addition of supplementary guidance. This National Annex addresses: Clauses where national choices have been made; All clauses where national choices have been possible; Bibliography: Overview of all National Annexes prepared.

Page 1 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

Clauses where national choices have been made


2.4.3 Ultimate limit states (1)P The following partial factors for materials apply in Denmark for the ultimate limit state: Table 2.4.3.a - Assumed types of failure for the determination of 1 Structures in situ Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of masonry Units of Category I Units of Category II Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of reinforced masonry Flexural strength of masonry Strength of reinforcement and modulus of elasticity1) Bond strength of reinforcement1) Cohesion Friction coefficients Prefabricated elements Calculation Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of masonry Units of Category I Units of Category II Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of reinforced masonry Flexural strength of masonry Strength of reinforcement and modulus of elasticity1) Performance testing Ductile failure2) Brittle failure
NOTE 1 - Reinforcement, wall ties and other embedded, built-in or drilled-in anchors. NOTE 2 - Elements are assumed to exhibit ductile failure if one of the following conditions is fulfilled: it can be demonstrated that the reinforcement yields in the ultimate limit state; failure results in an evenly distributed crack pattern in the failure zone expected for the actual action failure due to bending occurs where deflection of the element exceeds 3/200 of the span; Other failure modes are regarded as brittle failures. Failure of elements subject to axial forces should always be assumed to be brittle.

c= c= c = c = s = c = c = c =

1,603 1,703 1,453 1,703 1,203 1,703 1,703 1,303

c = c = c = c = s = M = M =

1,553 1,653 1,403 1,603 1,203 1,203 1,403

The partial factors given in Table 2.4.3a are based on the guidelines for determining partial factors in the ultimate limit state according to the National Annex to EN1990, where M = 1234. 1: takes into account the type of failure 2: takes into account the uncertainty related to the design model Page 2 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

3: takes into account the inspection level for factory-made mortar and mortar mixed on site (see Table 3.4.3.c) 4: takes into account the variation of the strength parameter/measured resistance. When determining 1 the types of failure given in Table 2.4.3.b has been assumed. Table 2.4.3.b - Assumed types of failure for the determination of 1 Structures, in situ Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of reinforced masonry Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of unreinforced masonry Flexural strength of reinforced and unreinforced masonry Strength and modulus of elasticity of reinforcement

Warning of failure without spare resistance No warning of failure No warning of failure Warning of failure without spare resistance No warning of failure Warning of failure without spare resistance No warning of failure

Cohesion Friction coefficients

Anchorage of wall ties Prefabricated elements Calculation Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of reinforced masonry Compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of unreinforced masonry Flexural strength of reinforced and unreinforced masonry Strength and modulus of elasticity of reinforcement Performance testing Performance testing with ductile failure Performance testing with brittle failure

Warning of failure without spare resistance No warning of failure No warning of failure Warning of failure without spare resistance

NOTES 1 and 2: see Table 2.4.3.a, NOTES 1 and 2, respectively.

Table 2.4.3.c indicates values of 3 depending on inspection levels. For masonry structures, the combinations of consequences classes and inspection levels marked + in Table 2.4.3.d should be used.

Slettet: consequences classes and

Page 3 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

Table 2.4.3.c - Dependency of 3 on inspection levels Inspection Relaxed Normal Tightened level 3 1,10 1,0 0,95
Table 2.4.3.d - Combination of consequences classes and inspection levels

Slettet: Interrelation between consequences classes and Slettet: Consequences class ... [1]

Formateret: Engelsk (Storbritannien) Formateret: Engelsk (Storbritannien) Formateret: Engelsk (Storbritannien) Formateret: Engelsk (Storbritannien)

Consequences class Low Inspection level Tightened Normal Relaxed + + Normal + + + High + +

Formateret: Engelsk (Storbritannien)


Slettet: reliability Slettet: Reliability

(3) For ultimate limit state design, the lower characteristic value is the 5th percentile and the upper characteristic value the 95th percentile. ? (4)P Partial factors for materials shall be taken as M = 1,0 for accidental limit states. 2.4.4 Serviceability limit states (1) Partial factors for materials should be taken as M = 1,0 for serviceability limit states. 3.6.1.2 (1) Characteristic compressive strength of masonry other than shell bedded masonry (1) Method (i) in EN1996-1-1 may be used provided that documentation for the parameters of equation 3.1 is given. Method (ii) may be used without further documentation. 6.1.2.2(2) Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity The slenderness ratio c should be taken as: c = 27. 8.5.2.2(2) Cavity walls, veneer walls and double-leaf walls (2) The minimum number of ties connecting the two leaves of a cavity wall, a veneer wall and its backing wall or the two leaves of a double-leaf wall, should be taken as n = 2 per m2 of the considered wall area. If the walls are used as combined walls where wind actions are distributed evenly between the walls depending on the wall stiffnesses, the number of ties should be at least n = 4 per m2, and they should be evenly distributed.

Overview of possible national choices


The list below identifies the clauses where national choices are possible and the applicable/not applicable informative annexes.

Page 4 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

Furthermore, this National Annex refers to additional (non-conflicting) information that may be of assistance to the user of the Eurocode. Clauses 2.4.3(1)P 2.4.4(1) 3.2.2(1) 3.6.1.2(1) 3.6.2 (3)(4) and (6) 3.6.3(3) 3.7.2(2) 3.7.4(2) 4.3.3(3) and (4) 5.5.1.3(3) 6.1.2.2(2) 8.1.2(2) 8.5.2.2(2) 8.5.2.3(2) 8.6.2(1) 8.6.3(1) Annex A Annex B Annex C Annex D Annex E Comment Amended Amended No change Amended No changes No changes No changes No changes No changes No changes Amended No changes Amended No changes No changes No changes Not used Used Not used Used Used

Page 5 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

Annex F Annex G Annex H Annex I Annex J

Used Used Used Used Used

Page 6 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

Bibliography
List of all National Annexes
EN 1990 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-3 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-4 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-5 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-6 DK NA:2007 EN 1991-1-7 DK NA:2007 EN 1992-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1992-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-3 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-4 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-5 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-6 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-7 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-8 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-9 DK NA:2007 EN 1993-1-10 DK NA:2007 EN 1994-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1994-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1995-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1995-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1996-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1996-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1996-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1997-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1999-1-1 DK NA:2007 EN 1999-1-2 DK NA:2007 EN 1999-1-3 DK NA:2007 National Annex to Eurocode 0 Basis of structural design National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-1: General actions Densities, selfweight, imposed loads for buildings National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-2: General actions Actions on structures exposed to fire National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-3: General actions Snow loads National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-4: General actions Wind actions National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-5: General actions Thermal actions National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-6: General actions Actions during execution National Annex to Eurocode 1: Actions on structures Part 1-7: General actions Accidental actions National Annex to Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings National Annex to Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures - Part 1-2: General rules Structural fire design National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-2: General rules Structural fire design National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-3: General rules - Supplementary rules for cold-formed members and sheeting National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-4: General rules - Supplementary rules for stainless steels National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-5: Plated structural elements National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-6: Strength and stability of shell structures National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-7: Plated structures subject to out of plane loading National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-8: Joints National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures Part 1-9: Fatigue National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-10: Material toughness and throughthickness properties National Annex to Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings National Annex to Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures - Part 1-2: General rules Structural fire design National Annex to Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures - Part 1-1: General - Common rules and rules for buildings National Annex to Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures - Part 1-2: General Structural fire design National Annex to Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures - Part 1-1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures National Annex to Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures - Part 1-2: General rules Structural fire design National Annex to Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures - Part 2: Design considerations, selection of materials and execution of masonry National Annex to Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design - Part 1: General rules National Annex to Eurocode 9: Design of aluminium structures - Part 1-1: General rules National Annex to Eurocode 9: Design of aluminium structures Part 1-2: Structural fire design National Annex to Eurocode 9: Design of aluminium structures Part 1-3: Fatigue

Page 7 of 7
EN 1996-1-1 DK NA, 2008-02-20, 3rd edition

Side 4: [1] Slettet

Marianne Kamstrup

10-03-2008 10:31:00

Consequences class

Low 0,9

Normal 1,0

High 1,1