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Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension:

Archaeological Watching Brief

Supplement to Data Structure Report

October 2003
Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Overview
This Data Structure Report (DSR) presents the findings of an archaeological Watching Brief
carried out in connection with the development of a golf course extension for Kilsyth Lennox
Golf Club on 6ha of adjacent agricultural ground. The area being developed is on the
southern slopes of the Kilsyth Hills, between the Colzium Burn and Garrel Burn that drain
into the Kelvin River. In the southwest corner of this area there is a rocky knoll.

Project Works
Following recommendations made by Rathmell Archaeology it was agreed with the West of
Scotland Archaeology Service, advisors to North Lanarkshire Council, that further work
should be carried out within the archaeologically sensitive areas affected by the proposed
golf course extension.
After modifications to the original design layout of the golf course extension, in line with
planning guidance recommending preservation of archaeological remains in situ, it was
agreed that the only area to be significantly impacted by the development was Site 4. It was
agrees with West of Scotland Archaeology Service that further monitoring and recording was
needed within this area.
These further works concerned the monitoring and recording of the character of the surviving
Rig and Furrow System recorded as Site 4 in the DSR. This system can be described as
abroad rig and furrow systems with rig breadths varied between 6m and 7m and furrow
breadths varied between 1.5m and 2.5m. The site had rig standing to between 0.3m and
0.4m.
It was the intention by this work to supplement the existing record of the rig system with
observation and recording of the physical remains. This work was undertaken on 1st
September 2003. All works were undertaken in accordance with agreed Written Scheme of
Investigation the Institute of Field Archaeology Standards and Policy Statements and Code
of Conduct and Historic Scotland Policy Statements.

Findings
A single day was spent monitoring the drainage and landscaping works within the area of
Site 4. It had been agreed with West of Scotland Archaeology Service that targeted
monitoring of the actual work and recording of a representative sample of the rig would be
sufficient to supplement the existing record.
One section of the rig was recorded during the excavation of a new field drain (Illus 1). This
section recorded a typical rig and furrow cross section approximately 2m from the crest of the
rig to the trough of the furrow. It was clear from the section that natural erosion of the
ploughsoil had reduced the profile of the rig and furrow system (Illus 2) with the consequent
accretion of sediment in the furrow.
There was evidence for a great deal of mixing of sediment due to root action and
bioturbation. The main sediment, below the existing topsoil (001), was made up of orangy-
brown silty clay (002). There were frequent inclusions of very dark grey-brown layers
suggestive of the break up of quantities of humic material (marked D on Illus 3). There was
further evidence for the extent of the rig system in the orange silt natural subsoil (003). The
crest and trough of the rig was reflected in the profile of the subsoil. There was a notable
peak in the subsoil beneath the crest of the rig.
Sediments were investigated and recorded to a depth of approximately 0.3m. This was

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Illus 1: Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig from south-west

Illus 2: Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig from south-east

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Illus 3: Section through rig and furrow, D denotes darker lenses within Context 002

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

sufficient to record and understand the nature of the rig system within Site 4 and expose
unaltered subsoil.

Discussion
Examination of the section of rig recorded in Site 4 shows us nothing in the character of the
archaeology that was unexpected. This field system appears to be typical of this type of
archaeological landscape and similar examples can be seen all over Scotland and the North
of England.
The composition of the sediments especially the high humic content supports the idea of a
prolonged period of agricultural activity in the area, fact already self evident from the
presence of the rig and furrow.
No artefactual material was recovered, during the investigation, from which the period of
agricultural activity could be dated. For this we must still rely on the information collected in
the original DSR. It should be noted that by 1865 the Ordnance Survey showed the area as
rough pasture and between this time and 1896 the bing (Site 5) that overlies the rig was
formed. This information gives us a certain end date. It can be suggested form the available
evidence that the last time the land was tilled was around 1800 during the period of
agricultural improvement in the area with the greatest period of agricultural activity prior to
1745.
It can be said with confidence that this supplementary record has provided all remaining
information about the rig and furrow system in Site 4 when combined with the original Desk
Based Assessment and Landscape Survey. All useful archaeological data has been
extracted from the upstanding remains of the rig and furrow system in Site 4.

Conclusion
With the agreement of West of Scotland Archaeology Service further archaeological work
was carried out at Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club course extension, subsequent to the initial Desk
Based Assessment and Landscape Survey.
Given that the planned development had already been modified in line with planning
guidance concerning the preservation of archaeological remains in situ this further work
concerned only an area of rig and furrow designated Site 4.
The aim of this work was to partially monitor the landscaping and drainage works in the area
and also to adequately record the profile of the rig and furrow. This aim was achieved during
monitoring work on 1st September 2003 and showed a typical rig and furrow profile
composed of heavily cultivated soil deposits.

References
Ordnance Survey 1865 County Series, Stirlingshire, 1:10560
Ordnance Survey 1896 1st revision of County Series, Stirlingshire, 1:10560

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Appendix 1: Record summaries


Context Summaries
No. Interpretation Description

001 Topsoil Dark grey/brown silty clay. Routlets throughout.


002 Accumulation and mixing Orange/brown silty clay with some dark grey/brown
of deposits due to lenses.
prolonged tillage.
003 Subsoil Clayey silt, orange/brown. Frequent small sub-angular to
sub-rounded stones.

Drawing Record
No. Title Scale Date Author
1 Section through Rig and Furrow 1:20 1/9 TR

Photographic Record
Film No. Description From Date

1 17 Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig SW 1/9


1 18 Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig SE 1/9
1 19 Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig SE 1/9

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Appendix 2: Discovery & Excavation in Scotland

LOCAL AUTHORITY: North Lanarkshire


PROJECT TITLE/SITE Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension
NAME:
PARISH: Kilsyth
NAME OF Alan Matthews
CONTRIBUTOR: Thomas Rees
NAME OF Rathmell Archaeology Limited
ORGANISATION:
TYPE(S) OF PROJECT: Watching Brief
NMRS NO(S): None
SITE/MONUMENT Rig & Furrow system
TYPE(S):
SIGNIFICANT FINDS:+ None
NGR (2 letters, 6 figures) NS 723 793
START DATE (this season) 1st September 2003
END DATE (this season) 1st September 2003
PREVIOUS WORK (incl. Desk Based Assessment and Landscape Survey
DES ref.)
PROPOSED FUTURE None
WORK:
MAIN (NARRATIVE) The aim of this work was to partially monitor the
DESCRIPTION: (may landscaping and drainage works in the area and also to
include information from adequately record the profile of the rig and furrow. This
other fields) aim was achieved and showed a typical rig and furrow
profile composed of heavily cultivated soil deposits.
PROJECT CODE: 03008
SPONSOR OR FUNDING Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club
BODY:
ADDRESS OF MAIN 8, Underwood, Kilwinning, Ayrshire KA13 7HR
CONTRIBUTOR:
E MAIL: admin@rathmell-arch.co.uk
ARCHIVE LOCATION Report to West of Scotland Archaeology Service and
(intended/deposited) archive to National Monuments Record of Scotland.

Contact Details
Rathmell Archaeology can be contacted at its Registered Office or through the web:
Rathmell Archaeology Ltd
8, Underwood
Kilwinning
Ayrshire
KA13 7HR

www.rathmell-arch.co.uk

t.: 01294 542848 f.: 01294 542849


m.: 07817 334907 e.: admin@rathmell-arch.co.uk

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