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ASWipLL and AS3010 Systems

Wireless IP-Based Local Loop System Release 4.8

WipConfig User's Guide

Leading the World in Wireless DSL

The ASWipLL product bears the CE marking. This CE marking demonstrates ASWipLL's full compliance with applicable European Union (EU) directives:

The ASWipLL product bears the Underwriters Laboratories (UL) marking, demonstrating full compliance with UL's safety requirements:

The ASWipLL product bears the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) marking, demonstrating compliance with FCC Part 15 regulations.

Pub. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

Date Apr-03 May-03 Jun-03 Jul-03 Oct-03 Feb-04 Aug-04 Feb-05

Revision Record: WipConfig Users Guide Update Description ASWipLL Release 4.1. Author: MD. Updating screens; Formatting based on Airspan template. ASWipLL Release 4.1. Author: MD. Updating screens ASWipLL Release 4.2F. Author: MD. Updating PPR ASWipLL Release 4.2A. Author: MD. Updating PPR and Transparent Bridging ASWipLL Rel. 4.2B (SW Ver. 1.4.4.1). Auth: MD. Updates: AutoConnect; Air Subnet procedure ASWipLL Rel. 4.4. Auth: MD. Updates: Spectrum Analyzer Auth.: MD. Updates: "Ltd." replaced with "Inc."; new icons; spectrum analyzer; frequency tables; Tx power; Auth.: MD. Rel 4.8; WipConfig Ver. 1.4.6.24; Updates: Establ. BSR-SPR link.

Publication No. 06040311-08

Copyright by Airspan Networks Inc., 2004. All rights reserved worldwide. The information contained in this document is proprietary and is subject to all relevant copyright, patent and other laws protecting intellectual property, as well as any specific agreement protecting Airspan Networks Inc. rights in the aforesaid information. Neither this document nor the information contained herein may be published, reproduced or disclosed to third parties, in whole or in part, without the express, prior, written permission of Airspan Networks Inc. In addition, any use of this document or the information contained herein for any purposes other than those for which it was disclosed is strictly forbidden. Airspan Networks Inc. reserves the right, without prior notice or liability, to make changes in equipment design or specifications. Information supplied by Airspan Networks Inc. is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Airspan Networks Inc. for the use thereof nor for the rights of third parties which may be effected in any way by the use thereof. Any representation(s) in this document concerning performance of Airspan Networks Inc. product(s) are for informational purposes only and are not warranties of future performance, either express or implied. Airspan Networks Inc. standard limited warranty, stated in its sales contract or order confirmation from, is the only warranty offered by Airspan Networks Inc. in relation thereto. This document may contain flaws, omissions or typesetting errors; no warranty is granted nor liability assumed in relation thereto unless specifically undertaken in Airspan Networks Inc. sales contract or order confirmation. Information contained herein is periodically updated and changes will be incorporated into subsequent editions. If you have encountered an error, please notify Airspan Networks Inc. All specifications are subject to change without prior notice.

Main Operations: Airspan Communications Ltd. Cambridge House Oxford Road Uxbridge Middlesex UB8 1UN United Kingdom Tel: (+44) 1895 467 100

Headquarters: Airspan Networks Inc. 777 Yamato Road Suite 105 Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA Tel: (+1) 561 893 8670 Fax: (+1) 561 893 8671

Web site: http//www.Airspan.com Customer Service (TAC): Wipll.tech_support@airspan.com

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WipConfig User's Guide

Contents

Contents
Welcome to WipConfig.......................................................................................... ix 1. Installing WipConfig................................................................................. 1-1 1.1. System Requirements ......................................................................... 1-1 1.2. Installing WipConfig............................................................................. 1-2 2. Getting Started ......................................................................................... 2-1 2.1. Starting WipConfig .............................................................................. 2-2 2.2. Areas of the WipConfig Window.......................................................... 2-4 2.2.1. Menu Bar .............................................................................. 2-4 2.2.2. Toolbar ................................................................................. 2-6 2.2.3. Navigation Bar ...................................................................... 2-7 2.2.4. Workspace............................................................................ 2-8 2.2.5. Status Bar............................................................................. 2-8 2.3. Changing Login Password ................................................................ 2-10 2.4. Viewing Source of Configuration Data .............................................. 2-11 2.5. Parameter Change Indicator ............................................................. 2-12 2.6. Applying Configuration Settings ........................................................ 2-13 2.6.1. User-Defined ...................................................................... 2-13 2.6.2. Factory Defaults ................................................................. 2-14 2.6.2.1. Full Default Settings............................................. 2-14 2.6.2.2. Protected Default Settings ................................... 2-16 2.7. Working with WipConfig Configuration Files ..................................... 2-17 2.7.1. Saving................................................................................. 2-17 2.7.2. Opening .............................................................................. 2-20 2.8. Using WipConfigs Calculator............................................................ 2-21 2.9. Displaying WipConfigs SW Version.................................................. 2-22 2.10. Quitting WipConfig .......................................................................... 2-22

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3.

Connecting to a Device............................................................................ 3-1 3.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 3-2 3.2. Connecting to a Device ....................................................................... 3-4 3.2.1. Serial Mode .......................................................................... 3-4 3.2.2. IP Network Mode .................................................................. 3-8 3.3. Disconnecting from a Device............................................................. 3-13

4.

Configuring a BSR ................................................................................... 4-1 4.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 4-2 4.2. Configuring .......................................................................................... 4-2

5.

Configuring an SPR ................................................................................. 5-1 5.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 5-2 5.2. Configuring .......................................................................................... 5-2 5.3. Viewing Statistical Data....................................................................... 5-8 5.3.1. Defining Polling Rate .......................................................... 5-10 5.3.2. Text Display of Statistical Data........................................... 5-10 5.3.3. Graph Display of Statistical Data........................................ 5-11

6.

Configuring a Point-to-Point Radio Link................................................ 6-1 6.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 6-2 6.2. Configuring a PPR............................................................................... 6-4 6.3. Configuring an SPR............................................................................. 6-7

7.

Configuring a BSDU................................................................................. 7-1 7.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 7-1 7.2. Configuring .......................................................................................... 7-4

8.

Configuring Transmit Power ................................................................... 8-1 8.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 8-2 8.2. Configuring Power Levels ................................................................... 8-4

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9.

Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables ................................... 9-1 9.1. Overview ............................................................................................. 9-1 9.2. Saving a Frequency Table .................................................................. 9-2 9.3. Loading a Frequency Table................................................................. 9-3

10.

Downloading SW Versions.................................................................... 10-1 10.1. Overview ......................................................................................... 10-1 10.2. Downloading ................................................................................... 10-3

11.

Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files........................................... 11-1 11.1. Overview ......................................................................................... 11-1 11.2. Uploading ........................................................................................ 11-2 11.3. Downloading ................................................................................... 11-6

12.

Analyzing RF Spectrums ....................................................................... 12-1 12.1. Overview ......................................................................................... 12-2 12.2. Operating Guidelines....................................................................... 12-2 12.3. Licensing the Spectrum Analyzer Feature ...................................... 12-4 12.4. Accessing the Spectrum Analyzer................................................... 12-5 12.5. Areas of the Spectrum Analyzer Window........................................ 12-6 12.5.1. Menu Bar .......................................................................... 12-7 12.5.2. Toolbar ............................................................................. 12-8 12.5.3. Status Bar......................................................................... 12-8 12.6. Setting Up the Spectrum Analyzer ................................................ 12-10 12.7. Starting and Stopping the Spectrum Analyzer .............................. 12-11 12.8. Spectrum Analyzer Results ........................................................... 12-12 12.8.1. Graph Format ................................................................. 12-12 12.8.1.1. Viewing ............................................................ 12-12 12.8.1.2. Saving .............................................................. 12-15 12.8.1.3. Printing............................................................. 12-15

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12.8.2. Table Format .................................................................. 12-16 12.8.2.1. Viewing ............................................................ 12-16 12.8.2.2. Saving .............................................................. 12-17 12.8.2.3. Printing............................................................. 12-18 12.8.2.4. Copying to a Text File ...................................... 12-18 12.9. Quitting the Spectrum Analyzer..................................................... 12-19 13. Establishing a BSR-SPR Link ............................................................... 13-1 13.1. Adding SPRs ................................................................................... 13-1 13.1.1. SPR Icon Color Coding .................................................... 13-4 13.1.2. SPR AutoConnect Feature ............................................... 13-6 13.1.3. SPR AutoConnect with AutoDisconnect........................... 13-7 13.2. Viewing RSSI per Associated SPR ................................................. 13-8 13.3. Viewing Rate per Associated SPR .................................................. 13-9 A. B. C. Glossary ....................................................................................................A-1 Cable Connections...................................................................................B-1 Index ..........................................................................................................C-1

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Welcome to WipConfig
Airspans WipConfig program is a Windows-based configuration tool designed to provide quick-and-easy initial serial configuration for ASWipLL devices. These devices include Base Station Radio (BSR), Point-to-Point Radio (PPR), Base Station Distribution Unit (BSDU), Subscriber Premises Radio (SPR), and Indoor Data Radio (IDR). WipConfig initializes the devices by allowing you to assign initial communication configuration parameters such as IP addresses and air MAC addresses. Once these parameters have been configured, WipConfig allows you to configure advanced network parameters (e.g. transmission rate mode), by communicating with the device through a local or remote IP network connection using SNMP Get and Set processes. WipConfig provides real-time display of statistical data such as bit error rate (BER) and received signal strength (RSSI) at the subscriber site. The RSS measurements allow you to accurately position ASWipLL devices for optimum radio signal reception. WipConfig also provides a licensed-required Spectrum Analyzer feature that analyzes RF signal strengths within a user-defined frequency range. This is useful in identifying "noisy" frequencies, and thereby, selecting alternative "clean" frequencies for operating ASWipLL devices. WipConfig allows you to download software version files to ASWipLL devices. In addition, WipConfig allows you to download and upload NVRAM-stored configuration settings to and from devices, respectively. This allows you to quickly and easily apply configuration settings to multiple devices requiring similar configuration settings. WipConfig allows you to establish a basic BSR-SPR network link, which can be later configured with advanced features using WipManage.

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Purpose
The purpose of this guide is to describe the WipConfig GUI and provide step-bystep instructions for configuring ASWipLL devices using WipConfig.

Targeted Audience
This guide is intended for the person responsible for performing initial configuration on the ASWipLL devices. Initial configuration is typically performed at the factory or at the installation site.

Referenced Documentation
Airspan recommends that you refer to the following documents: ASWipLL Hardware Installation Guide: provides a detailed explanation on installing the ASWipLL devices. ASWipLL WipManage User's Guide: provides a detailed description of managing ASWipLL devices using WipManage. ASWipLL System Description: provides an overview of the ASWipLL system.

Organization of this Guide


This guide is organized into the following chapters: Chapter 1, "Installing WipConfig": describes the procedure for installing WipConfig. Chapter 2, "Getting Started": provides a description of the WipConfig graphical user interface (GUI) and provides step-by-step instructions for basic WipConfig procedures, such as changing login user name and password. Chapter 3, "Connecting to a Device": describes the procedure for connecting WipConfig to an ASWipLL device using either a serial or an IP network communication mode.

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Chapter 4, "Configuring a BSR": provides step-by-step instructions for configuring the BSR. Chapter 5, "Configuring an SPR": provides step-by-step instructions for configuring the SPR. This chapter also describes viewing SPR statistical data such as RSSI and BER measurements. Chapter 6, "Configuring a Point-to-Pont Radio Link": provides step-by-step instructions for configuring a PPR device and a single SPR device for establishing a point-to-point radio link. Chapter 7, "Configuring a BSDU": provides step-by-step instructions for configuring a BSDU. Chapter 8, "Configuring Transmit Power": provides step-by-step instructions for configuring radio transmit (Tx) power for BSR and SPR devices. Chapter 9, "Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables": provides stepby-step instructions for uploading and downloading NVRAM frequency tables from and to devices respectively. Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions": provides step-by-step instructions for upgrading ASWipLL devices. Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files": provides step-bystep instructions for downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from ASWipLL devices respectively. Chapter 12, "Analyzing RF Spectrums": provides step-by-step instructions for using WipConfig's Spectrum Analyzer module to analyze the received signal strengths in a user-defined frequency range. Chapter 13, "Establishing a BSR-SPR Link": provides step-by-step procedures for establishing an air and network link between a BSR and an SPR. Appendix A, "Glossary": provides a glossary of terms used in this guide. Appendix B, "Cable Connections": provides a description of the cables, connectors, and pinouts for connecting the PC running WipConfig to the ASWipLL device. Appendix C, "Index"

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Typographical Conventions
This Users Guide uses the following typographical conventions:
Convention Meaning Example

Bold Words in parenthesis

Command and menu names, Click the Next button. icons, buttons, and fields Values that you need to type into In the Password field, fields, and options that you need enter "Wipll". to select from lists Note that provides useful information

Customer Service
For service and support, contact your regional Airspan representative, or Airspans Technical Assistance Center (TAC) at: E-mail: WipLL.tech_support@Airspan.com Boca Raton Call Center: (+1) 561 893 8679 Hotline (only for emergencies): (+44) 1895 467 467

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1
Installing WipConfig
This chapter describes the procedure for installing WipConfig, and includes the following sections: System Requirements Installing WipConfig

1.1. System Requirements


Before installing WipConfig, ensure that the following system requirements are fulfilled: Hardware requirements:

Processor Pentium II 450 MHz RAM 256 MB Display adapter memory 8 MB Minimum available hard disk space 6 Gigabits Network adapter 100 Mbps

Software Requirements - Operating System:


Microsoft Windows NT 4 work station (English only) SP3.0 or higher Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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1.2. Installing WipConfig


The WipConfig program is supplied on a CD-ROM. It is recommended to quit all running programs before installing WipConfig on your PC. To install WipConfig: 1. Insert the WipConfig CD in your CD-ROM drive. 2. On the Windows taskbar, click Start, and then choose Run. 3. Type D:\WIPCONFIG.EXE (where D is the letter of your CD-ROM drive letter). 4. Click OK. The setup wizard starts for installing WipConfig.

5. Click Next.

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6. To accept the default destination folder for installing WipConfig, click Next.

7. Leave "Airspan" as the Program Manager group, and then click Next.

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8. Enter your customer key number (i.e. license), if relevant. This license number determines the WipConfig features (e.g. Spectrum Analyzer feature) that will be installed.
Note: The license number is case-sensitive.

9. Click Next.

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10. Click Next to begin the installation.

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When WipConfig completes the installation, the following appears:

11. Click Finish to complete the installation. The WipConfig shortcut icon is automatically created and placed on your desktop.

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2
Getting Started
This chapter provides an overview of WipConfigs graphical user interface (GUI) and provides step-by-step instructions for basic WipConfig procedures. This chapter includes the following main sections: Starting WipConfig Areas of the WipConfig Window Changing Login Password Viewing Source of Configuration Data Parameter Change Indicator Applying Configuration Settings Working with WipConfig Configuration Files Using WipConfigs Calculator Displaying WipConfig's Software Version Quitting WipConfig

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2.1. Starting WipConfig


Once you have installed WipConfig (see Chapter 1, "Installing WipConfig") you can start WipConfig. To start WipConfig: 1. Activate WipConfig by performing one of the following:

From the Windows Start menu, point to Programs, point to Airspan, and then click WipConfig. On your desktop, double-click the WipConfig shortcut icon.

The Login WipConfig dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-1: Login WipConfig dialog box

2. In the Name field, enter the login name (default is "Admin"). 3. In the Password field, enter your password (default is "Wipll").
Note: The login values are case sensitive. The default login name and password can be changed once you have logged into WipConfig (see Section 2.3, "Changing Login Password").

4. Click OK.

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WipConfig starts and displays the WipConfig window showing the SPR Configuration pane, as displayed below. Menu bar Toolbar

Navigation bar

Workspace

Status bar
Figure 2-2: WipConfig window Notes: 1) The Spectrum Analyzer button appears in the Navigation bar only if you have an Airspan license for using the Spectrum Analyzer. 2) The Pings button is available only for previous ASWipLL software and hardware device versions that measure received signal strength (RSS) only when traffic is generated (i.e. the Pings button creates this required traffic).

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2.2. Areas of the WipConfig Window


The WipConfig window includes the following areas: Menu bar Toolbar Navigation bar Workspace Status bar

2.2.1. Menu Bar


The WipConfig menu bar and its commands are described in the table below.
Table 2-1: Description of the menu bar

Menu
File

Commands
Open Save Save As Close Exit

Description
Opens a previously saved configuration file. Saves the configuration settings to a file using the current file name. Saves the configuration settings to a file using a user-defined file name. Closes all open configuration files. Quits WipConfig. Shows the Configuration pane (default pane) and closes all other panes. Shows the Statistic pane, which displays SPR statistical data such as RSSI, BER, Tx/Rx bytes, and Tx/Rx packets. This information is displayed in graph and text formats. Displays the Download/Upload pane for downloading software versions to ASWipLL devices, and downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from ASWipLL devices, respectively. (Available only if you have a license) Displays the Spectrum Analyzer window for analyzing the RF spectrum.

View

Configuration Statistics

Download/Upload

Spectrum Analyzer

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Menu
Tools

Commands
Connect Disconnect Read Write

Description
Connects WipConfig to the ASWipLL device. Terminates the communication between WipConfig and the ASWipLL device. Retrieves configuration parameters from the device and displays the parameters in the Configuration pane. Applies the newly defined configuration parameters to the ASWipLL device. Note that the configuration settings only become active after you reset the device. Resets the ASWipLL device. Applies factory default configuration settings to the device. Applies only certain factory default configuration settings to the device. Parameters necessary for network communications (e.g. IP address) are not applied to the device. Defines certain communication parameters according to the selected protocol: Network: defines SNMP communication parameters such as timeout Serial: defines the serial port

Reset Target Set Factory Default Set Protected Default Communication

Select Communication Protocol

Selects the communication protocol for connecting WipConfig to the ASWipLL device: IP: for IP network (SNMP), or Serial: RS-232 (cable) communication Allows you to perform the following: Load Table: downloads a frequency table from the PC to the device Save Table: saves a device's frequency table to a folder on the PC

Frequency Tables

Security Advanced

User Administration Associated SPRs RSSI per SPR Modem Rate per SPR

Allows you to change WipConfigs login user name and password. (Available only when connected to a BSR.) Allows you to add SPRs and establish a basic link with SPRs. Displays the received signal strengths (RSS) of SPRs associated with the BSR to which WipConfig is connected. Displays the maximum rate mode of SPRs associated with a BSR to which WipConfig is connected.

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Menu
Help

Commands
Contents and Index About WipConfig

Description
Displays the WipConfig Online Help files. Displays the software version number of the WipConfig that you are currently using.

2.2.2. Toolbar
The WipConfig toolbar, described in the table below, contains buttons for commonly used tasks.
Table 2-2: Description of toolbar buttons

Button

Name
Open File Save File Connect Disconnect Write Read Reset Set Factory Default Set Protected Defaults Help

Description
Opens a previously saved configuration file. Saves the configuration settings to a file using the current file name. Connects WipConfig to the ASWipLL device. Terminates communication between WipConfig and device. Applies the defined configuration parameters to the device. Note that the configuration settings become active only after device reset. Retrieves the ASWipLL devices configuration parameters and displays them in the Configuration pane. Resets the ASWipLL device. Applies factory default configuration settings to the device. Applies only certain factory default configuration settings to the device. Parameters necessary for network communications (e.g. the devices IP address) are not applied to the device. Displays WipConfigs Online Help.

Note: The availability of each toolbar button depends on the WipConfig pane in which you are currently working (i.e. Configuration, Statistic, Download/Upload,

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2.2.3. Navigation Bar


The Navigation bar contains two tabs: WipConfig and Util. Each tab contains command buttons that display a specific pane. To access the commands of each tab, simply click the desired tab, and then click the required command. The Navigation bar is described in the table below.
Table 2-3: Description of the Navigation bar

Tab
WipConfig

Button

Name
Configuration Statistics

Description
Displays the BSR, SPR, or BSDU Configuration pane. Displays the Statistic pane, showing various statistical data. (Only for SPR, and when connected to SPR through an IP network connection.) Displays the Download/Upload pane for downloading software versions to devices, and for downloading and uploading configuration files to and from devices, respectively. Displays the Power Settings pane that allows you to configure radio transmit power level. (Available only if you have a license) Displays the Spectrum Analyzer window for analyzing the RF spectrum. Displays the Calculator pane, showing a calculator for calculating certain parameters such as subnet masks.

Download / Upload

Power Settings Spectrum Analyzer Until Calculator

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2.2.4. Workspace
The workspace is the area where you define and view configuration parameters. The workspace displays a specific pane depending on the connected device and the activated command in the Navigation bar. The table below describes the workspace panes.
Table 2-4: Description of WipConfig's workspace panes

Pane
SPR Configuration BSR Configuration BSDU Configuration Statistic Clicking the Statistics Download/Upload

Displayed when
WipConfig connects to an SPR (or IDR). WipConfig connects to a BSR (or PPR). WipConfig connects to a BSDU. button in the Navigation bar. button in the Navigation bar. button in the Navigation bar.

Clicking the Download/Upload Power Settings Clicking the Power Settings Spectrum Analyzer

Clicking the Spectrum Analyzer button in the Navigation bar. (Available only if you have a license for the Spectrum Analyzer.) Clicking the Calculator button in the Navigation bar.

Calculator

2.2.5. Status Bar


The status bar (see Figure 2-3), located at the bottom of the WipConfig window, displays the following information: Message indicating current action or result Software version of the ASWipLL device to which WipConfig is connected Connection status between WipConfig and the device (green indicates connected; red indicates disconnected)

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Message display

ASWipLL device SW version

Connection status indicator

Figure 2-3: WipConfig status bar

The table below describes the WipConfig messages that may appear in the status bar.
Table 2-5: Description of the WipConfig messages

Message
"Try to Connect" "Connected" "Can not Connect" "Disconnected" "Reading Data" "Reading Data Failed" "Reading Finished"

Meaning
WipConfig is attempting to connect to a device. This appears after you click the Connect button. WipConfig is connected to the ASWipLL device. WipConfig was unable to connect to the ASWipLL device. WipConfig is not connected to the ASWipLL device. WipConfig is retrieving configuration data from the ASWipLL device. This appears after you click Read or Connect. WipConfig was unable to retrieve devices configuration data. WipConfig has successfully completed retrieving configuration parameters from the device. These parameters are displayed in the Configuration pane. WipConfig is applying the configuration settings to the device. This appears after you click Write. WipConfig succeeded in applying configuration settings to the device. WipConfig failed to apply configuration settings to the device. WipConfig attempted to apply configuration settings to the device, but was unsuccessful due to invalid parameters. WipConfig attempted to read/write to a connected device, but was unsuccessful. WipConfig successfully saved the configuration settings to a file. WipConfig could not save the configuration settings to a file. WipConfig performed a device reset (i.e. the Reset button was clicked).

"Writing Data" "Writing Data Success" "Writing Data Failed" "Write Data Error" "Target Unreachable" "Saved to the File" "Error Save to File" "Reset"

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2.3. Changing Login Password


WipConfig allows you to change the login user name and password for logging into WipConfig. To change the WipConfig login user name and password: 1. From the Security menu, choose User Administration. The Password dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-4: Password dialog box

2. In the Enter New User Name field, type the new user name. 3. In the Password field, type the new password. 4. In the Confirm Password field, type once again the new password that you entered in Step 3. 5. Click OK.
Notes: 1) The user name and password are case-sensitive. 2) The default user name is "Admin"; the default password is "Wipll".

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2.4. Viewing Source of Configuration Data


WipConfig displays the name of the source from where it retrieved the configuration data currently displayed in the Configuration pane. The table below describes the types of sources.
Table 2-6: Sources from where configuration parameters can be retrieved

Displayed
"TARGET" Path and file name

Description of data source


Configuration data retrieved from device to which WipConfig is connected. Configuration data retrieved from a configuration file located on the PC. The file's extension name indicates the type of device for which the configuration parameters are valid: *.bsr (BSR), *.spr (SPR), and *.bdu (BSDU).

The figure below displays an example of data retrieved from an ASWipLL device.

Data retrieved from device

Figure 2-5: Data source is "TARGET" (i.e. data retrieved from an ASWipLL device)

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2.5. Parameter Change Indicator


When you modify a configuration parameter in WipConfig, an asterisk (*) appears alongside the Data Source field in the Configuration pane, as displayed in the figure below. This asterisk indicates that the modified parameter(s) has yet to be applied (by clicking the Write button) to the ASWipLL device (or saved to a file). When you apply (write) the parameter to the device, the asterisk disappears.

Asterisk

Figure 2-6: Asterisk indicating modified parameter not yet applied or saved

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2.6. Applying Configuration Settings


WipConfig allows you to apply either user-defined or factory default configuration settings to the ASWipLL device.

2.6.1. User-Defined
The following procedure describes how to apply user-defined configuration parameters to the device. To apply user-defined configuration parameters: 1. From the Tools menu, choose Write, -OrOn the toolbar, click the Write button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device, indicated by the "Writing data to target success" message displayed in the status bar. 2. From the Tools menu, choose Reset Target to reset the ASWipLL device, -OrOn the toolbar, click the Reset A Warning message box appears. button.

Figure 2-7: Warning message box for resetting device

3. Click Yes to reset the device.

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2.6.2. Factory Defaults


WipConfig allows you to apply factory-defined default configuration settings to the device. You can apply one of two variations of factory defaults to devices: Full default settings: all factory defaults are applied to the device Protected default settings: only certain factory default configuration values are applied, while others are retained (protected)

2.6.2.1. Full Default Settings


When you apply full default settings, all previous settings are deleted and replaced with factory default values, as listed in the table below.
Table 2-7: Full factory defaults

Parameter
IP addresses: BSR/PPR SPR/IDR BSDU Subnet mask Default gateway address Get Community string Set community string Mode (bridge/router) Air subnet 10.0.0.10 10.0.0.20 10.0.0.5 255.255.255.240 0.0.0.0 Public Private Router

Value

Not Economical (according to RFC 1918, i.e. ranging from 192.168.0.0) Warnings: 1) When you apply factory default settings, all previous configurations are deleted such as NVRAM frequency tables and QoS settings (defined using WipManage). Therefore, ensure that you save the frequency table before applying default settings (see Chapter 9 "Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables", Section 9.2 "Saving a Frequency Table"). 2) If you apply default settings while connected to the device through the network mode, WipConfig may loose IP network connection to the device due to configuration change.

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To apply full factory default configuration settings: 1. On the toolbar, click the Set Factory Default A Warning message box appears. button.

Figure 2-8: Warning message box for setting defaults

2. Click Yes to confirm applying factory defaults to the device. The device is set to factory default and a warning message box appears, requesting you to confirm device reset.

Figure 2-9: Warning message box for resetting device

3. Click Yes to reset the device with default settings. All the factory default configuration settings are applied to the device.

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2.6.2.2. Protected Default Settings


When you apply protected default settings, parameters crucial to the devices network communication (e.g. IP address) are retained. To apply protected default settings: 1. From the Tools menu, choose Set Protected Default. -OrOn the toolbar, click the Set Protected Default button.

Figure 2-10: Warning message box for setting protected defaults

2. Click Yes to confirm applying protected defaults.

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2.7. Working with WipConfig Configuration Files


WipConfig allows you to save configuration settings entered in WipConfig, and then later open them and apply them to another device. The configuration file includes all the configuration parameters defined in WipConfig. This allows you to easily and quickly apply identical configuration settings to other ASWipLL devices.
Note: The configuration files mentioned in this section refers to parameters defined in WipConfig. The configuration files discussed in Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files", refer to the parameters that are located in the device's NVRAM.

2.7.1. Saving
WipConfig allows you to save your configuration settings to a file on your PC. Saving configuration files allows you to later use these same configuration settings for other devices. The table below describes the file extensions with which WipConfig saves configuration settings.
Table 2-8: Configuration file names per device

ASWipLL device
BSR SPR BSDU

Configuration file name


*.bsr *.spr *.bdu

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To save configuration settings to a file: 1. From the File menu, choose Save. The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-11: Saving a configuration file

2. Browse to the folder in which you want to save the file. 3. In the File Name field, enter the name of the file. 4. From the Save as Type drop-down list, select the relevant extension for the file name.

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5. Click Save. The status bar displays "Saved to the File" and the Data Source field displays the file name and path, as displayed below.

Saved configuration file

File saved message

Figure 2-12: Status Bar and Data Source display when saving a file

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2.7.2. Opening
WipConfig allows you to open a previously saved configuration file on your PC, and then apply the configurations to a device. To open a configuration file: 1. From the File menu, choose Open. The Open (e.g. BPR) Configuration File dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-13: Open (device type) Configuration File dialog box

2. From the Look In drop-down list, browse to the folder in which the file is located. 3. From the Files of Type drop-down list, select the type of file that you want to open. The Open Configuration File dialog box displays the selected folder listing all the requested file types. 4. Select the desired file, and then click Open. WipConfig displays the configuration file's parameter settings in the workspace.

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2.8. Using WipConfigs Calculator


WipConfig provides you with a calculator for calculating certain parameters such as Air MAC address. To activate the calculator: 1. From the Navigation bar, click the Util tab. 2. Click the Calculator icon.

The Calculator pane appears, as displayed below.

Figure 2-14: Calculator pane

To close the Calculator pane and return to the Configuration pane: 1. From the Navigation bar, click the WipConfig tab. 2. Click the Configuration bar). button (or any other button in the Navigation

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2.9. Displaying WipConfigs SW Version


WipConfig allows you to view the WipConfig software version running on your PC, as well as the ASWipLL release for which the WipConfig version is relevant. To display WipConfigs software version: ! From the Help menu, choose About WipConfig. The About window appears, displaying WipConfigs software version number, as displayed below.

Figure 2-15: About WipConfig window

2.10. Quitting WipConfig


The following procedure describes quitting WipConfig. To quit WipConfig: ! From the File menu, choose Exit.
Note: If you modified parameters without writing them to the device, and choose Exit, a warning message box appears informing you that parameters have not been applied to the device.

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Connecting to a Device
This chapter describes the procedures for connecting and disconnecting WipConfig to and from the ASWipLL device. This chapter includes the following sections: Overview Connecting to a Device

Serial Mode IP Network Mode

Disconnecting from a Device


Note: For connecting the cables for serial and IP network communications between the PC running WipConfig and the ASWipLL device, see Appendix B, "Cable Connections".

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3.1. Overview
WipConfig can communicate with a device through either a serial or an IP network communication mode. Typically, you first connect WipConfig to the device through a serial mode to define initial parameters such as IP address. Only after you have configured initial parameters (that ensure IP connectivity to the device) can you connect WipConfig to the device through a network mode. When WipConfig connects to an ASWipLL device, the WipConfig window displays the following (as displayed in Figure 3-1): Configuration pane:

The displayed pane title indicates the ASWipLL device to which WipConfig is connected (i.e. "SPR Configuration", "BSR Configuration", or "BSDU Configuration")
Note: When connecting to a PPR device and an IDR device, the titles displayed are "BSR Configuration" and SPR Configuration", respectively.

Data Source field displays "TARGET", indicating that the configuration settings displayed in the Configuration pane are retrieved from the ASWipLL device Configuration fields display the ASWipLL devices configuration settings that WipConfig retrieved (read) from the device

Status bar displays the following:


"Reading finished" Devices software version number (i.e. "Target Version <software version>") Connection icon appears green

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Configuration panes title "TARGET" Data Source

Green icon Message Devices SW version

Figure 3-1: Indications when WipConfig connects to an ASWipLL device (e.g. BSR)

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3.2. Connecting to a Device


You can connect WipConfig to the ASWipLL device through one of the following communication modes: Serial (RS-232) IP network (using SNMP)

3.2.1. Serial Mode


Connecting WipConfig to a device through a serial mode allows you to initialize an unconfigured device. This is typically performed at the factory or installation site. To connect WipConfig to an ASWipLL device by serial communication mode: 1. Ensure the PC running WipConfig is connected to the ASWipLL device through a serial cable connection. 2. Select the serial communication mode by performing one of the following:

From the Tools menu, choose Select Communication Protocol, click the Serial icon, and then click OK, as displayed below.

Figure 3-2: Select Communication Protocol dialog box

On the toolbar, in the Communication group, select the Serial option.

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In the Communication group, the Serial option is selected, as displayed below.

Serial option selected

Figure 3-3: Serial option selected in the Communication group

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3. To select the PC's serial port used in the cable connection, perform the following: a. From the Tools menu, point to Communication, and then choose Serial. The Serial Configuration dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 3-4: Serial Configuration dialog box

b. Using the up and down arrows, select a serial port, and then click OK. 4. Connect to the device by performing either of the following:

From the Tools menu, choose Connect. On the toolbar, click the Connect button.

WipConfig connects to the ASWipLL device (see Figure 3-5.)

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Figure 3-5: WipConfig connected to ASWipLL device (e.g. BSR) through serial mode Note: Unavailable fields in the serial mode are available only when WipConfig connects to the ASWipLL device through a network communication mode.

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3.2.2. IP Network Mode


Connecting WipConfig to a device through an IP network mode allows you to configure advanced network parameters such as air subnet addresses and maximum transmission rate mode. Before you can connect to a device through an IP network communication mode, the device must have an IP address (configured using the serial mode) that provides IP connectivity to WipConfig.
Note: You can connect WipConfig through a remote IP network communication mode to an SPR via the BSR. However, during installation, Airspan recommends connecting the PC (running WipConfig) to each device (i.e. SPR) through a direct local network connection in which the PC's LAN port is connected to the device through the SDA to which the device is connected. This is especially important when configuring air subnet addresses. In such an IP network connection setup, loss of communication with remote units (i.e. SPR) is avoided.

The figure below displays a PC (running WipConfig) connected to an SPR through a local network connection. Instead of connecting to the SPR through a BSR, the PC connects directly to the SDA to which the SPR is connected.

Figure 3-6: Example of WipConfig-to-SPR local network cabling

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To connect WipConfig to an ASWipLL device through an IP communication mode: 1. Ensure that the PC running WipConfig has IP connectivity to the ASWipLL device. 2. Select the IP communication mode by performing one of the following:

From the Tools menu, choose Select Communication Protocol, click the IP icon, and then click OK, as displayed below.

Figure 3-7: Select Communication Protocol dialog box

On the toolbar, in the Communication group, select the Network option.

In the Communication group, the Network option is selected, and the Remote Agent and Set Community fields appear, as displayed in Figure 3-8.

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Network option selected

SNMP agent IP address

SNMP Set community rights

Figure 3-8: WipConfig window displaying IP network parameters

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3. Enter the following SNMP fields:


Remote Agent: ASWipLL device's IP address Set Community: SNMP write community rights (e.g. private or public)

4. From the Tools menu, point to Communication, and then choose Network. The SNMP Protocol Preferences dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 3-9: SNMP Protocol Preferences dialog box

5. To define the SNMP parameter preferences, enter the following fields:

Timeout: time (in seconds) WipConfig waits for a response from the device after sending a request to the device. Each time the timeout value is reached and no response is received, WipConfig retransmits its request. The number of times that WipConfig retransmits requests is according to the value defined in the Number of Retransmits field. Number of Retransmits: maximum number of times WipConfig retransmits requests to the ASWipLL device after the timeout value is reached without receiving a response from the ASWipLL device.

6. Click OK. 7. Connect to the device by performing either of the following:


From the Tools menu, choose Connect. On the toolbar, click the Connect button.

WipConfig connects to the ASWipLL device as shown in Figure 3-10.

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Figure 3-10: WipConfig connected to ASWipLL device (e.g. BSR) via Network mode

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3.3. Disconnecting from a Device


The Disconnect command disconnects WipConfig from the ASWipLL device. To disconnect WipConfig from a device, perform one of the following: ! From the Tools menu, choose Disconnect, ! On the toolbar, click the Disconnect button.

Note: If you try disconnecting WipConfig from the device before applying modified parameters, a notification message appears reminding you to apply the new settings.

Red icon Disconnected message


Figure 3-11: WipConfig disconnected from ASWipLL device

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Configuring a BSR
This chapter describes the procedures for configuring BSR parameters, and includes the following main sections: Overview Configuring
Notes: 1) For configuring the BSR's transmit power, see Chapter 8, "Configuring Transmit Power". 2) For saving and loading frequency tables, see Chapter 9, "Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables". 3) For upgrading a BSR, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions". 4) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from the BSR, see Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files". 5) For spectrum analysis at the BSR, see Chapter 12, Analyzing RF Spectrum". 6) BSR procedures mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for PPR devices. For unique PPR configuration, see Chapter 6, "Configuring a Point-toPoint Radio Link".

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4.1. Overview
The ASWipLL Base Station Radio (BSR) is an outdoor radio transceiver located at the Base Station. The BSR provides radio communication with subscriber sites (i.e. SPRs). The BSR typically interfaces with the service provider's backbone through the BSDU. WipConfig allows you to configure the following main BSR configuration parameters: IP and subnet mask address Default gateway SNMP Get and Set community strings Air MAC address Frequency table index number that is used for BSR-SPR radio communication Maximum transmission rate mode Synchronization (for a detailed explanation on synchronization, see Chapter 7, "Configuring a BSDU" ) Air subnet address scheme VLAN ID for SNMP management VLAN policy for IP routing, bridging, and PPPoE traffic

4.2. Configuring
The following procedure describes how to configure the BSR. To configure the BSR: 1. Connect WipConfig to the BSR. WipConfig connects to the BSR, showing the retrieved BSR's configuration settings in the BSR Configuration pane, as displayed in Figure 4-1.

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Figure 4-1: BSR Configuration pane

2. To change the BSR's mode from IP routing to transparent bridging or vice versa, perform the following: a. Set the BSR to factory default settings (see Section 2.6.2, "Factory Defaults" of Chapter 2, "Getting Started"). b. From the Mode drop-down list, select the desired mode for the BSR: Bridge (i.e. transparent bridging) or Router (i.e. IP routing).

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3. To configure the BSR's IP addressing schemes, in the Network Configuration group, enter the following fields:

Eth IP Address: BSR's IP address Eth Subnet Mask: BSRs subnet mask Default Gateway: BSR's default gateway's IP address

4. In the Management Configuration group, define the SNMP community strings in the following fields:

Get Community: read community string (default is public) Set Community: write community string (default is private)

5. To configure the radio parameters, in the RF Configuration group, enter the following fields:

Air MAC Address: unique Air MAC address of the BSR. Valid range is 0x0000 through 0xFFFF. Frequency Table ID: frequency table index number used by BSR for communicating with SPRs. Valid range is 0 through 63. Max Rate Mode: maximum transmission rate mode in megabits per second (Mbps). Sync Enabled: enables synchronization between BSRs at a Base Station. This synchronization is controlled by the BSDU and is based on frequency hopping using frequencies in the frequency table used for BSR-SPR wireless communication (for a detailed explanation, see Section 4.1, "Overview"). Short Hop: time between hopping from one frequency to the next. If selected, a 25-msec time is enabled; otherwise hopping time is 50 msec. Phase: starting transmission frequency for BSR synchronization using frequency hopping. The phase represents the index number of a frequency listed in the frequency table the BSR uses to communicate with the SPRs. Whenever the BSR receives a synchronization signal (pulse) from the BSDU, the BSR hops the transmitted data on to this frequency. Valid range is 1 - 96.

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6. To change the BSRs Air subnet address, in the Air Subnet group, perform the following: a. From the New Scheme drop-down list, select Economical or Not Economical. The scheme is the type of Air subnet addressing (Economical or Not Economical) for the BSR's port interfacing with the wireless connection with the SPR. The Economical mode increases the flexibility of ASWipLL. It allows efficient use of IP addresses in the users network and often eliminates the need for changing IP addresses in a pre-existing network. A user with private IP addresses from the range of 192.168.0.0 does not need to change IP addresses on the network when installing ASWipLL hardware. The Economical mode provides the subnet address 255.255.255.252, therefore, providing a total of four IP addresses, where only two of the addresses can be used for ASWipLL devices: one for the SPR and one for the BSR. The Not Economical mode provides Class C subnetting for all the BSRs. This means that 254 addresses are available to choose for one BSR. Thus, many addresses are "wasted" (not used). b. In the New Base field, enter the new air subnet address. 7. To define VLAN policy, in the VLAN Configuration group for IP Routing / Transparent Bridging and PPPoE Bridging groups, select one of the following options:

Pass Any: passes all packets Drop 802.1Q: discards all VLAN traffic

8. To enable SNMP management through a VLAN, in the VLAN Configuration group, in the Management group, perform the following: a. Select the Enabled check box. b. In the VLAN ID field, enter the VLAN for BSR SNMP traffic. c. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic flowing through the management VLAN.

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9. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device. 10. On the toolbar, click the Reset A Warning message box appears. 11. Click Yes to reset the device.
Notes: 1) The Pings button is not relevant for this ASWipLL release. 2) The following fields are available only when connecting WipConfig to the BSR through a network communication mode: Max Rate Mode, Sync. Enabled, Short Hop, Phase, and Air Subnet fields. 3) For devices with previous software versions that support only IP routing (i.e. not transparent bridging), the Mode field displays Not Supported. 4) For Air MAC address, Airspan recommends using only the most significant bytes (MSB), i.e. the two left-most bytes, and not the least significant bytes (LSB), i.e. the right-most bytes. For example, a typical air MAC address would be "AB00", where the zeros represent the LSB. 5) Frequency tables 0 through 31 are stored in the device's ROM; Frequency tables 32 through 63 are stored in the NVRAM and are configurable. For defining the NVRAM frequency tables, refer to the WipManage User's Guide. 6) The Short Hop and Phase fields are available only if you select the Sync Enabled field. 7) When you apply the Air Subnet parameters to the ASWipLL device by clicking the Write button, the Current Base and Current Scheme fields display the new settings. 8) The fields of the Management group are available only if you select the Pass Any option.

button to reset the device.

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Configuring an SPR
This chapter describes the procedures for configuring an SPR, and includes the following main sections: Overview Configuring Viewing Statistical Information
Notes: 1) For configuring the SPR's transmit power, see Chapter 8, "Configuring Transmit Power". 2) For saving and loading frequency tables for an SPR, see Chapter 9, "Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables". 3) For upgrading an SPR, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions". 4) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from an SPR, see Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files". 5) For spectrum analysis at the BSR, see Chapter 12, Analyzing RF Spectrum". 6) All SPR procedures mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for IDR devices.

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5.1. Overview
The ASWipLL Subscriber Premises Radio (SPR) is an outdoor radio transceiver located at the subscriber site, providing radio communication interface with the Base Station (i.e. BSR). The SPR interfaces with the subscriber's LAN network through the ASWipLL SDA. WipConfig allows you to configure the following main SPR parameters: IP and subnet mask address Default gateway SNMP Get and Set community strings SPR index number defined at BSR (with which SPR communicates) Air MAC address of BSR with which SPR communicates Maximum transmission rate mode AutoConnect (if licensed) Long Range feature Air subnet address scheme VLAN ID for SNMP management VLAN policy for IP routing, bridging, and PPPoE traffic

5.2. Configuring
The following procedure describes how to configure an SPR. To configure the SPR: 1. Connect WipConfig to the SPR. WipConfig connects to the SPR, showing the retrieved SPR's configuration settings in the SPR Configuration pane, as displayed in Figure 5-1.

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Figure 5-1: WipConfig connected to SPR showing SPR Configuration pane

2. To change the SPR's mode from IP routing to transparent bridging or vice versa, perform the following: a. Set the SPR to factory default settings (see Section 2.6.2, "Factory Defaults", Chapter 2, "Getting Started"). b. From the Mode drop-down list, select the desired mode for the SPR: Bridge (i.e. transparent bridging) or Router (i.e. IP routing).

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3. To configure the SPR's IP addressing scheme, in the Network Configuration group, enter the following fields:

Eth IP Address: SPR's IP address Eth Subnet Mask: SPR's subnet mask address Default Gateway: SPR's default gateway

4. To configure SNMP community strings, in the Management Configuration group, enter the following fields:

Get Community: read community string (default value is public) Set Community: write community string (default value is private)

5. To configure RF parameters, in the RF Configuration group, enter the following fields:

Index in BSR: unique SPR identity within BSR. Valid ranges are from 2 through 254. BSR Air MAC Address: BSRs Air MAC address to which the SPR is associated (valid range is between 0x0000 through 0xFFFF). Max Rate Mode: maximum transmission speed mode in megabits per second (Mbps). AutoConnect: select the check box if you want to configure SPR for AutoConnect. Enable Long Range: select the check box to enable the long range feature to improve throughput and link efficiency. This feature must be enabled when any of the following scenarios exist:

Distance between BSR and SPR is between 25 and 38 km SPR is installed on a mobile vehicle

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6. To configure the Air subnet address, in the Air Subnet group, perform the following: a. From the New Scheme drop-down list, select Economical or Not Economical. The scheme is the type of Air subnet addressing (Economical or Not Economical) for the SPR's port involved in the wireless connection with the BSR. The Economical mode increases the flexibility of ASWipLL. It allows efficient use of IP addresses in the users network and often eliminates the need for changing IP addresses in a pre-existing network. A user with private IP addresses from the range of 192.168.0.0 does not need to change IP addresses on the network when installing ASWipLL hardware. The Economical mode provides the subnet address 255.255.255.252, therefore, providing a total of four IP addresses, where only two of the addresses can be used for ASWipLL devices: one for the SPR and one for the BSR. The Not Economical mode provides Class C subnetting for all the SPRs. This means that 254 addresses are available to choose for one SPR. Thus, many addresses are "wasted" (i.e. not used). b. In the New Base field, enter the new air subnet address. 7. In the VLAN Configuration group for IP Routing and Transparent Bridging, or PPPoE Bridging, select one of the following VLAN filtering schemes:

Pass Any: passes all Ethernet packets Drop 802.1Q: discards all VLAN traffic

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Tag/Untag: SPR tags all Ethernet packets received from the subscriber's network, with a user-defined VLAN ID before sending to BSR. The SPR accepts only Ethernet packets from the BSR with the user-defined VLAN ID, untags them into Ethernet packets, and then passes them to the subscriber's network. To define the VLAN ID, enter the following fields: a. VLAN ID field: enter the VLAN ID for tagging and untagging IP packets between the SPR's Ethernet network and the BSR. b. Priority drop-down list: select the priority level for traffic flowing through the VLAN defined in the VLAN ID field.

8. To configure SNMP management through a VLAN, in the VLAN Configuration group, in the Management group, perform the following: a. Select the Enabled check box. b. In the VLAN ID field, enter the VLAN for SNMP management. c. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic flowing through the management VLAN. 9. On the toolbar, click the Write button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device. 10. On the toolbar, click the Reset A Warning message box appears. 11. Click Yes to reset the device. button to reset the device.

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Notes: 1) The SPR's IP address can be assigned later using WipManage's Recover Lost SPR command, which is Airspan's ASWipLL out-of-band (OBND) proprietary protocol that establishes a BSR communication with an SPR without the need of an SPR IP address. (Refer to WipManage User's Guide and Commissioning Manual). 2) The Pings button is not relevant for this ASWipLL release. 3) The Max Rate Mode field and Air Subnet group fields are available only when WipConfig connects to the device through a network communication mode. 4) For devices with previous software versions that support only IP routing (i.e. not transparent bridging), the Bridge Mode field displays Not Supported. 5) For Air MAC addresses, Airspan recommends using only the most significant bytes (MSB), i.e. the two left-most bytes, and not the least significant bytes (LSB), i.e. the right-most bytes. For example, a typical Air MAC address would be "AB00", where the zeros represent the LSB. 6) The Max Rate Mode value must be identical for the SPR and BSR to establish a viable link. 7) The AutoConnect check box is available only if the SPRs ROM settings support AutoConnect (i.e. license is obtained for AutoConnect feature). 8) If you configure the SPR for AutoConnect (i.e. the AutoConnect check box is selected), ignore all other configuration parameters. When the SPR connects to a BSR using AutoConnect, the BSR assigns the configuration parameters to the SPR. 9) The Air Subnet address must be the same for the SPR and BSR. When you apply the new Air Subnet parameters to the ASWipLL device by clicking the Write button, the Current Base and Current Scheme fields display the new settings. 10) The fields of the Management group are available only if you select the Pass Any or Tag/Untag options.

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5.3. Viewing Statistical Data


WipConfig allows you to view various SPR statistical data. This data includes number of packets transmitted and received, received signal strength (RSSI), and bit error rate (BER). These measurements provide indications of the link quality between the BSR and SPR. Some of these measurements are displayed in graph format while others in text format. To view statistical information: 1. In the Navigation bar, click the WipConfig tab. 2. Click the Statistics button.

The Statistic pane appears, as displayed in Figure 5-2.

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Counters group showing Tx/Rx bytes and packets RSSI graph

BER graph

Figure 5-2: Statistics pane

The Association Status field indicates the SPR connection status with the BSR:
! !

Active: a link exists with the BSR Acquisition: no link with BSR

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5.3.1. Defining Polling Rate


WipConfig allows you to define the polling rate for polling the SPR for statistical data. To define the polling rate: In the Polling Interval field, select a polling rate (in seconds).
Note: The recommended minimum polling rate is five seconds.

5.3.2. Text Display of Statistical Data


The Statistic pane displays the following statistical data in text-format in the Counters group: Tx Packets: number of packets transmitted Tx Bytes: number of bytes transmitted Rx Packets: number of packets received Rx Bytes: number of bytes received WipConfig allows you to select one of the following two options for displaying this data: Accumulative: displays a summation of the values (i.e. from the beginning until present). The Accumulative option also allows you to select the following offsets for the value display:

Set Offset

button: enables you to reset the counters to zero.

Reset Offset button: displays the current accumulated value from when WipConfig connected to the SPR.

Value per Sec: displays the values per second

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5.3.3. Graph Display of Statistical Data


The Statistic pane displays the following two graphs: RSSI per Time: real-time display of received signal strength indication (RSSI). This measurement allows you to orientate the SPR device to the position where the strongest RF signals are received from the BSR. BER per Time: bit error rate (BER) collected over pre-defined durations. BER is the percentage of bits with errors divided by the total number of bits that have been transmitted, received or processed over a given time period. The rate is typically expressed as 10 to the negative power. For example, four erroneous bits out of 100,000 bits transmitted would be expressed as 4 x 10-5 (or 4E-5). The graphs provide a toolbar with commands that allow you to perform various display options. The table below describes the buttons on the graph toolbar.
Table 5-1: Graph toolbar description

Button

Name
Zoom In Zoom Out Zoom Default Clear

Description
Zooms in to display a close-up view of the graph Zooms out to display more of the graph at a reduced size Returns the graph display to default view (i.e. 100% zoom) Deletes the plotted graph, and then starts plotting the graph again.

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Configuring a Point-to-Point Radio Link
This chapter describes the procedures for configuring a PPR device and an SPR device, which are implemented in a point-to-point radio (PPR) link. This chapter contains the following main sections: Overview Configuring a PPR Configuring an SPR

Notes: 1) For configuring the transmit power, see Chapter 8, "Configuring Transmit Power". 2) For saving and loading frequency tables, see Chapter 9, "Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables". 3) For upgrading devices, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions". 4) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from a device, see Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files". 5) All SPR procedures mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for IDR devices.

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6.1. Overview
WipConfig enables you to configure an ASWipLL Point-to-Point Radio (PPR) device and its associated SPR device, which are implemented in a point-to-point radio link. The PPR provides a secure point-to-point wireless link with a single remote SPR/IDR. The PPR can deliver up to 4 Mbps using a 1.33 MHz channel, and is fully packetbased. If more than 4 Mbps bandwidth is required between two end points, two or more point-to-point radio links can be established in parallel. For two links, ASWipLL uses IP routing: one link routes IP traffic in the uplink; and another link routes IP traffic in the downlink. A third link can be added to bridge mainly PPPoE traffic in uplink and downlink. The PPR device is similar to the BSR in that it performs IP routing and PPPoE bridging, transparent bridging, and all the other BSR software features. The only difference between PPR and BSR is that the PPR communicates with only a single SPR. Thus, the PPR and BSR configurations are similar. The only difference is that for the PPR you need to define the IP address of the SPR with which the PPR is to establish a point-to-point radio link. The SPR point-to-point radio configuration is similar to the regular point-tomultipoint SPR configuration. The only difference is that for point-to-point radio configurations, the SPR's index number associated with the PPR is automatically calculated. The SPR's index number is calculated using an algorithm based on the PPR's Air MAC address. The SPR index number is calculated using the suffix of the PPRs Air Mac address. The formula for calculating the SPR's index number is as follows:
If S = PPRs Air MAC address suffix If N = S mod 126 If N<2 N = N + 126

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The following table lists examples of SPR indexes calculated from the PPRs Air MAC address suffix.
Figure 6-1: SPR index calculated from PPR's Air MAC address

PPR Air MAC address suffix Hexadecimal


XX:00 XX:01 XX:02 XX:7D XX:7E XX:7F XX:FD XX:FE XX:FF 0 1 2 125 126 127 128 253 254 255

Decimal

SPR index
126 127 2 125 126 127 2 127 2 3

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6.2. Configuring a PPR


The PPR and BSR configuration parameters are similar. The only difference is that for the PPR you need to add an SPR with which the PPR will establish a point-topoint radio link. Therefore, this section only describes the procedure for adding an SPR to a PPR. For a detailed description on configuring the remaining PPR parameters, see Chapter 4, "Configuring a BSR". When you connect WipConfig to the PPR, the BSR Configuration pane is displayed. The only difference between this pane and the pane that appears when you connect to a BSR is that the PPR Configuration button appears, as displayed below.

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PPR Configuration button


Figure 6-2: WipConfig connected to PPR showing PPR Configuration button Note: The Pings button is not applicable for this ASWipLL release.

To add an SPR to a PPR for point-to-point radio link: 1. Connect to the PPR and configure the PPR parameters as described in Chapter 4, "Configuring a BSR". 2. Click the PPR Configuration button.

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The PPR Configuration dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 6-3: PPR Configuration dialog box

3. In the IP Address field, enter the IP address of the SPR with which the PPR will establish a point-to-point radio link. 4. In the Subnet Mask field, enter the SPRs subnet mask address. 5. Click Accept. The PPR Configuration dialog box closes.
Note: The SPR Index field is read-only. WipConfig automatically calculates the index number by using an algorithm based on PPR's Air MAC address (e.g. Air MAC address 0x1200 results in SPR index #126).

6. On the toolbar, click the Write

button.

7. On the toolbar, click the Reset button to reset the PPR. A Warning message box appears, requesting you to confirm device reset.

Figure 6-4: Warning message box for resetting device

8. Click Yes to reset the PPR.

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6.3. Configuring an SPR


The SPR point-to-point radio configuration is similar to the regular point-tomultipoint SPR configuration. The only difference is that for point-to-point radio configurations, the SPR's index number associated with the PPR is automatically calculated (based on the PPR's Air MAC address). The index number appears automatically after you enter the PPR's Air MAC address and then click the PPR button (displayed below).

PPR button

Figure 6-5: SPR configuration pane displaying PPR button

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This following procedure describes only the procedure for defining the SPR's index number. For a detailed description on configuring the remaining SPR parameters, see Chapter 5, "Configuring an SPR To configure SPR for point-to-point radio link with a PPR: 1. Connect WipConfig to the SPR. 2. In the Eth IP Address field, enter the SPR's IP address. This must be the same IP address that you entered for the SPR that you added to the PPR. 3. In the Eth Subnet Mask field, enter the SPR's subnet mask address. This must be the same subnet address that you entered for the SPR that you added to the PPR. 4. In the RF Configuration group, in the BSR Air MAC Address, enter the PPRs Air MAC address with which the SPR will establish a PPR link.. 5. Click the PPR button.

The Index in BSR field displays the SPR's index number associated with the PPR. This index number is calculated using an algorithm based on the PPR's Air MAC address that you entered in the BSR Air MAC Address field (e.g. Air MAC address is 0x1200, therefore, the SPRs index is 126). 6. On the toolbar, click the Write button.

7. On the toolbar, click the Reset button to reset the SPR.A Warning message box appears, requesting you to confirm device reset.

Figure 6-6: Warning message box for resetting device

8. Click Yes to reset the SPR.

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Configuring a BSDU
This chapter describes the procedure for configuring a BSDU, and contains the following main sections: Overview Configuring
Notes: 1) For upgrading a BSDU, see Chapter 10, "Downloading SW Versions". 2) For downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from the BSDU, see Chapter 11, "Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files".

7.1. Overview
The ASWipLL Base Station Distribution Unit (BSDU) device is an Ethernet switch that interfaces between the BSRs and service providers backbone. The BSDU, installed at the Base Station, provides BSRs with 100BaseT interface to the provider's backbone, local switching, frequency hopping-based synchronization, and power. Each BSDU can support up to six BSRs, and up to four BSDUs can be daisychained to support a maximum of 24 BSRs. WipConfig enables you to configure the following BSDU parameters: IP and subnet mask address Default gateway SNMP Get and Set community strings

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BSDU power control over BSRs VLAN management Synchronization of BSDUs and BSRs based on frequency hopping: Synchronization of BSDUs, BSRs, and Base Stations is controlled by the BSDU and based on frequency hopping implemented in BSR-SPR wireless communication. The BSDU sends a synchronization signal to the BSRs at intervals calculated by frequency table size multiplied (x) by 50 msec (time between "hopping" from one frequency to the next). The frequency table size is the number of frequencies in the frequency table used for BSR-SPR communication. The synchronization signal instructs the BSRs to "hop" the transmitted data onto a specific frequency (in the frequency table), referred to as the phase (see Chapter 4, "Configuring a BSR"). This occurs even if the BSR has not completed a cycle of transmitting the data on all the frequencies in the frequency table. This phase frequency is unique for all BSRs at the Base Station. Therefore, this prevents more than one BSR or SPR using the same frequency at any given time. For example, assume the frequency phase for BSR #1 is F1 (e.g. 2402 MHz). If the BSR is transmitting on F5 (e.g. 2414 MHz) when the BSDU sends a synchronization pulse, the BSR "hops" this transmitted data back to F1. The table below displays an example of multiple BSRs using the same frequency table, but each having a different frequency phase.
Table 7-1: Multiple BSRs having different phase frequencies

BSR 1
#1 #2 #3 #4 2402 2402 2402 2402

Frequency table (phase per BSR) 2


2405 2405 2405 2405

3
2408 2408 2408 2408

4
2411 2411 2411 2411

5
2414 2414 2414 2414

6
2417 2417 2417 2417

7
2420 2420 2420 2420

8
2423 2423 2423 2423

9
2426 2426 2426 2426

10
2429 2429 2429 2429

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In the table above, at any given moment, the BSRs transmit on a different frequency to one another. For example, when the BSRs receive a synchronization pulse from the BSDUs, the BSRs transmit on the following frequencies: 2402 for BSR #1; 2411 for BSR #2; 2420 for BSR #3; and 2414 for BSR #4. The BSDU that controls the synchronization of BSDUs and BSRs is referred to as the Master. The Master BSDU is responsible for sending the synchronization signal at specific intervals. The master is the BSDU to which a GPS is connected. If no GPS exists, the BSDU that is first powered on is the master. WipConfig allows you to assign an arbitrary synchronization identification number for the BSDU (referred to as Sync Ring ID). This allows you to identify the Master BSDU controlling the synchronization.
Warning: Accurate frequency planning must be performed for multiple Base Station synchronization to prevent adjacent channel interference between Base Stations. At each Base Station, a GPS must be implemented.

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7.2. Configuring
The following procedure describes how to configure a BSDU. To configure a BSDU: 1. Connect WipConfig to the BSDU. WipConfig connects to the BSDU, showing the retrieved BSDU's configuration settings in the BSDU Configuration pane, as displayed below.

Figure 7-1: WipConfig connected to BSDU showing BSDU Configuration pane

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Note: The Sync. Ring Mode On, Hop Length, and Sync. Ring Id fields are available only when you connect WipConfig to the BSDU through a network communication mode.

2. In the Network Configuration group, enter the following fields:


Eth IP Address: BSDU's IP address Eth Subnet Mask: subnet mask associated with the Ethernet IP address Default Gateway: IP address of the BSDU's default gateway

3. In the RF Configuration group, enter the following fields:

Freq. Table Size: number of frequencies in the frequency table used in BSR-SPR wireless communication. Sync. Ring Mode On: enables BSDU synchronization of daisy-chained BSDUs, BSRs, and Base Stations (if this is enabled at the BSR). Hop Length: time that data is transmitted on a frequency, after which it "hops" to the next frequency:

Regular Hop Length: 50 msec Short Hop Length: 25 msec

Sync. Ring Id: up to four BSDUs may be daisy chained together, in which case, each BSDU can be assigned a unique identifying number in the synchronization ring.

4. To enable SNMP management of the BSDU through a VLAN, in the VLAN Configuration group, perform the following: a. Select the Enabled check box. b. In the VLAN ID field, enter: the VLAN number for passing SNMP traffic. c. From the Priority drop-down list, select the priority level for traffic flowing through the management VLAN.

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5. In the Management Configuration group, enter the following fields:


Get Community: read community string (default value is public) Set Community: write community string (default value is private)

6. In the BSR Power Control group, select the corresponding check boxes of the BSRs to which you want the BSDU to enable (i.e. supply power and Ethernet connectivity). 7. On the toolbar, click the Write button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device. 8. On the toolbar, click the Reset A Warning message box appears. button to reset the device.

Figure 7-2: Warning message box for resetting device

9. Click Yes to reset the device.

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Configuring Transmit Power
This chapter describes the procedure for configuring the antenna transmit power levels for the BSR and SPR. This chapter includes the following subsections: Overview Configuring Power Levels
Note: Procedures for configuring transmit power levels mentioned in this chapter are also applicable for PPR and IDR devices.

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8.1. Overview
WipConfig allows you to define transmit (Tx) power levels for the ASWipLL radio (i.e. BSR and SPR). Power levels can be configured taking into consideration cable loss. Cable loss is the attenuation of radio transmit (Tx) power as heat in the antenna cable connecting between the antenna and ASWipLL radio. Generally, cable loss is directly proportional to the cable length (i.e. longer the cable, the greater the power loss). The table below lists examples of cable loss according to cable manufacturer and cable length.
Table 8-1: Example of cable loss per cable length

WipConfig allows you to compensate for the power lost due to cable loss by allowing you add this loss to your configured power level.
Note: Airspan does not supply external antenna cables. It is the responsibility of the installer to provide the cable and ensure cable characteristics (e.g. length and cable loss) enables adherence to the regulations (e.g. maximum EIRP) of the regulatory domain in which the device is operating. For example, in accordance with FCC regulations, when operating in unlicensed bands, the external antennas must provide an EIRP of equal to or less than 36 dBm to prevent interference with other radios.

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The maximum transmit power output of ASWipLL radios (regardless of regulatory domain), depends on the operating frequency: 31 dBm: 700 MHz 30 dBm: 900 MHz, 925 MHz, and 1.5 GHz 27 dBm: 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 (MMDS), 2.8, 3.x, and 5.8 GHz However, ASWipLL radio maximum transmit power according to FCC standards are given in the table below:
Table 8-2: ASWipLL radio FC compliancy for Tx power and EIRP

Frequency
700 MHz

Mode
3 Mbps/ 4 Mbps

Max. Tx power at antenna connector


31.8 dBm

Max. EIRP
According to FCC approved antenna gain 36 dBm 36 dBm 36 dBm According to FCC approved antenna gain 36 dBm 36 dBm

System mode
Digital

900 MHz 2.4 GHz 2.5 GHz (MMDS) 5.8 GHz

3 Mbps 4 Mbps 3 Mbps/4 Mbps 3 Mbps/4 Mbps

17.5 dBm 23 dBm 23 dBm 28.8 dBm

Hybrid Hybrid Hybrid Digital

3 Mbps 4 Mbps

17.6 dBm 21 dBm

Hybrid Hybrid

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8.2. Configuring Power Levels


The following procedure describes configuring power levels for BSR and SPR devices. The procedures are similar for these devices, and therefore, only one of these devices is used in this section to describe this procedure. To configure power levels (e.g. for BSR): 1. In the Navigation bar, click the Power Settings The Power Settings pane appears, as displayed below. button.

Figure 8-1: Power Settings pane

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2. In the Power Level field, enter the radio transmit power level (in dBm units). 3. In the Loss Compensation field, enter the power to compensate for power attenuation due to cable length, i.e. cable loss compensation. Range is 0 to 30. 4. On the toolbar, click the Write button.

The configuration parameters are written to the device. 5. On the toolbar, click the Reset A Warning message box appears. 6. Click Yes to reset the device.
Notes: 1) The Antenna Gain field is read-only and displays the device's antenna gain retrieved from the device's ROM. If the device uses an external antenna, this field displays "0" (i.e. zero). 2) The sum of the Power Level value and the Loss Compensation value cannot exceed the maximum available power that can be generated by the ASWipLL radio's RF card.

button to reset the device.

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Saving and Loading NVRAM Frequency Tables
This chapter describes the procedure for saving and loading NVRAM frequency tables, and includes the following sections: Overview Saving Frequency Tables Loading a Frequency Table
Note: Saving and loading NVRAM frequency tables is applicable only to BSR and SPR devices.

9.1. Overview
WipConfig allows you to save NVRAM frequency tables stored on the device's NVRAM to your PC and then later apply (load) the frequency tables to another device. This is relevant only for BSRs and SPRs. This is useful when you need to apply the same frequency table to the BSR and SPRs to establish a wireless communication link. Saving and loading frequency tables can only be performed when WipConfig connects to the device through a network communication mode.

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9.2. Saving a Frequency Table


You can save a device's NVRAM frequency tables on your PC. WipConfig saves the file with an *.FRS extension name. To save a device's frequency tables to your PC: 1. Connect WipConfig to the device using a network communication mode. 2. From the Tools menu, point to Frequency Tables, and then choose Save Table. The Save to File dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 9-1: Save to File dialog box

3. Browse to the folder on your PC in which you want to save the frequency tables. 4. In the File Name field, type a name for the file, and then click Save.

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9.3. Loading a Frequency Table


You can load a previously saved frequency table file (consisting of NVRAM frequency tables) and apply it to a device. To load a previously saved frequency table to your device: 1. From the Tools menu, point to Frequency Tables, and then choose Load Table. The Load from File dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 9-2: Load from File dialog box

2. Browse to the folder on your PC in which the frequency table you want to load is located. 3. Select the file, and then click Open. In the Configuration pane, an asterisk appears alongside the Frequency Table Source field, which displays the path of the frequency table file. 4. To apply (i.e. write) the frequency table to the device, perform the standard procedure for applying configuration parameters to the device, as described in Chapter 2, "Getting Started", Section 2.6.1, "User-Defined".

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Downloading SW Versions
This chapter describes the procedure for downloading software (SW) versions to ASWipLL devices, and includes the following main sections: Overview Downloading

10.1. Overview
ASWipLL devices contain two software (SW) banks: Active and Standby. The Active bank contains the current SW version that is running on the device; the Standby bank contains an inactive previous SW version. When you download a SW version to an ASWipLL device, the SW version file is downloaded to the devices Standby bank. To activate the new SW version, you need to transfer the SW from the Standby bank to the Active bank. In addition, to prevent the previous SW version stored in the Standby bank, from overwriting the new SW version in the Active bank and thus, becoming active, you need to lock the new SW version in the Active bank. (See figure below.)

Figure 10-1: Downloading SW version to devices software banks

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You can upgrade a device by up to two earlier or later SW versions than the current version on the ASWipLL device. Table 10-1 and Table 10-2 lists examples of permissible upgrades from one ASWipLL release to another (starting from the earliest release 2.6 to the latest release 4.8). The ASWipLL release depicts the SW version pertaining to the specific release.
Table 10-1: Permissible upgrade paths for BSR, PPR, SPR, and IDR between releases

Rel.
2.6 3.0a

Rel.
3.0b 3.0b 3.0b 4.0

Rel.
4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Rel.
4.2b 4.2b 4.2b 4.2b 4.2b 4.2a 4.2b 4.2c

Rel.
4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4 4.4a

Rel.
4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6

Rel.
4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8

Table 10-2: Permissible upgrade paths for BSDU between releases

Rel.
2.6 3.0a

Rel.
3.0b 3.0b 3.0b 4.0

Rel.
4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2a 4.2b 4.2c

Rel.
4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4a 4.4 4.4a

Rel.
4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6

Rel.
4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8

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The table below lists the SW version files for the ASWipLL devices.
Table 10-3: SW version file names per ASWipLL device

ASWipLL device
BSR PPR SPR IDR BSDU

SW version file
BSR.hex PPR.hex SPR.hex IDR.hex BSDU.hex

Note: WipConfig allows you to simply select the folder in which the SW version files are located instead of selecting the specific file. Note: If WipConfig is connected to the device through a network communication mode, ensure that you upgrade ASWipLL devices furthest away from the PC running WipConfig. In other words, first upgrade SPRs, then BSRs, and then BSDUs. This ensures that if a failure occurs with an SPR, the BSR remains in link with the other SPRs.

10.2. Downloading
You perform the SW download in WipConfig's Download/Upload pane. Before downloading, you need to browse to the folder in which the ASWipLL software files are stored. To download a SW version to an ASWipLL device: 1. In the Navigation bar, click the Download/Upload button.

The Download/Upload pane appears, as displayed in Figure 10-2.

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Current SW version
Figure 10-2: Download/Upload pane

2. Select the Software Download option. (By default this option is selected.) 3. In the Folder field, browse to the folder in which the file that you want to download is located by clicking the double arrow button.

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The Select Directory dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 10-3: Select Directory dialog box

4. Once you have selected the folder in which the file is located, click OK. The Folder field displays the path and selected SW file name. 5. Click Download.

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WipConfig starts downloading the SW version file to the devices Standby bank, indicated by the following:
! !

Current Action field displays "Software Download" Current Status field displays "Erasing" followed by "Download in Progress" Progress bar indicates progress of download (in percentage)

Downloading file in this folder Progress bar

Figure 10-4: Progress bar indicating download in progress

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When the download is complete, the following is displayed:


! !

Current Status field: "Download Finished" Standby Bank field: "<downloaded SW version no.>"

SW version file in Standby bank

"Download finished"

Figure 10-5: Download complete and SW version file in Standby bank

6. Click Swap Banks to transfer the downloaded file from the device's Standby software bank to the Active software bank.

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The Ask User confirmation box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 10-6: Confirming swap (and reset) action from Standby to Active bank

7. Click Yes. The Information box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 10-7: Information box

8. Click OK.

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After a few seconds, the SW version file is transferred from the Standby bank to the Active bank, and the previous SW version file is transferred to the Standby bank, as displayed below.

File moved to Active bank

Figure 10-8: Downloaded SW version file moved from Standby to Active bank

9. Click Lock Active to ensure that the downloaded SW version file in the Active bank becomes default, and to prevent the file swapping with the file in the Standby bank.

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The Status field of the Active bank displays "locked", as displayed below. In addition, the status bar displays the downloaded "Target Version" file.

File locked in Active bank

Current SW version

Figure 10-9: Downloaded SW version file locked in Active bank

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Downloading NVRAM Configuration Files
This chapter describes the procedures for downloading and uploading NVRAM configuration files to and from the ASWipLL device respectively. This chapter includes the following main sections: Overview Downloading Uploading

11.1. Overview
WipConfig allows you to download and upload NVRAM configuration files to and from ASWipLL devices, respectively. These configuration files contain all the configuration parameters that are stored in the devices NVRAM. This allows you to easily and quickly apply identical NVRAM configuration settings to multiple devices. The configuration files contain the *.e2p file extension and an arbitrary file name, for example, spr_24803.e2p. Downloading a configuration file to an ASWipLL device is the process whereby a configuration file saved on your PC running WipConfig is downloaded to the device. Uploading a configuration file from a device is the process whereby configuration parameters are retrieved ("read") from a device, and then saved to a file on the PC running WipConfig.

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11.2. Uploading
WipConfig allows you to retrieve a device's NVRAM configuration settings, and then save them to a file on your PC. The file is saved with the *.e2p file extension. To upload a configuration file from an ASWipLL device: 1. In the Navigation bar, click the Download/Upload Download/Upload pane appears. 2. Select the Configuration File option, as displayed below. button. The

Configuration File option selected

Figure 11-1: Configuration File option selected

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3. Click the Upload button. The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 11-2: Save As dialog box Note: By default, the Save As dialog box opens the <drive>:\WipConfig\<ver. no.>\ folder in which WipConfig is installed.

4. Browse to the folder where you want to save the configuration file, and then in the File Name field, enter the desired file name. 5. Click Save.

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WipConfig begins uploading the configuration file from the device. This is indicated by the following:
! ! !

Current Action field displays "Configuration File Upload" Current Status field displays " Upload in Progress" Progress bar displays the progress of the uploading process in percentage

Downloading Progress bar

Figure 11-3: WipConfig uploading and saving file to PC

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When the upload completes, the Download/Upload pane displays the following:
! ! !

Saved file name and path are displayed in the File field Current Action field displays "No Action" Current Status field displays "Upload Finished"

Upload complete

Figure 11-4: Completed configuration file upload

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11.3. Downloading
When you download a configuration file to the ASWipLL device, you first need to select the configuration file stored on the PC running WipConfig, and then download it to the device by clicking Download. To download an NVRAM configuration file (*.e2p): 1. In the Navigation bar, click the Download/Upload Download/Upload pane appears. 2. Select the Configuration File option, as displayed below. button. The

Configuration File option selected

Figure 11-5: Configuration File option selected

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3. In the File field, enter the path to and the name of the configuration file that you want to download to the ASWipLL device, or browse to the file by clicking the double arrow button. The Please Specify File for E2P Load dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 11-6: Please Specify File for E2P Load dialog box

4. Browse to the folder that contains the configuration file, and then select the desired file (with the *.e2p file extension). 5. Click Open.

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The File field displays the path and selected configuration file name, as displayed below.

Selected file

Figure 11-7: File path displayed in the File field

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6. Click Download. The Information message box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 11-8: Information message box Note: The Download button is active only after you select a file in the File field.

7. Click OK.

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WipConfig begins downloading the configuration file to the ASWipLL devices NVRAM, indicated by the following:
! ! !

Current Action field displays "Configuration Download" Current Status field displays "Download in Progress" Progress bar displays the downloaded progress (in percentage)

Downloading Progress bar

Figure 11-9: Downloading configuration file

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Analyzing RF Spectrums
This chapter describes the procedure for analyzing the RF spectrum around a device using WipConfigs Spectrum Analyzer module. This chapter contains the following main sections: Overview Operating Guidelines Licensing the Spectrum Analyzer Feature Accessing the Spectrum Analyzer Areas of the Spectrum Analyzer Window Setting Up the Spectrum Analyzer Starting and Stopping the Spectrum Analyzer Spectrum Analyzer Results Quitting the Spectrum Analyzer
Notes: 1) WipConfig's Spectrum Analyzer feature is license-dependant. If you have a license for this feature, the Navigation bar displays the Spectrum Analyzer button. 2) When the Spectrum Analyzer is activated, the ASWipLL device losses all air and network links.

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12.1. Overview
WipConfig's Spectrum Analyzer feature is a license-dependant plug-in feature. The Spectrum Analyzer provides you with an effective tool for analyzing the spectrum around an ASWipLL device by measuring received signal strengths (RSSI) within a user-defined frequency range. The Spectrum Analyzer is essentially a swept receiver with a visual display of RSSI. The Spectrum Analyzer sweeps (i.e. scans) the frequencies within a user-defined frequency range, measuring average and maximum RSSI levels per frequency, and providing real-time display of these measurements in graph and table format. The Spectrum Analyzer is used before setting up your wireless link between Base Station and subscribers. The Spectrum Analyzer is typically used to measure RSSI for BSRs at the Base Station. The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to identify "noisy" external RF interferences and disturbances, and thereby, to choose alternative "clean" frequencies (i.e. no interferences) for building the frequency table for wireless communication for the ASWipLL system. This is especially useful when operating in the unlicensed 900 MHz bands where many "noisy" and interfering frequencies often exist. This tool is also useful in other unlicensed bands such as 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz, and in licensed bands.
Note: Airspan recommends using frequencies that are around 28, 20, and 12 dB above interference levels to effectively operate in 8- (4 Mbps/3 Mbps), 4- (2 Mbps), and 2-level FSK (1.33 Mbps/1 Mbps), respectively.

12.2. Operating Guidelines


Airspan recommends adhering to the following guidelines for using the Spectrum Analyzer: In a typical installation of ASWipLL 900, use the Spectrum Analyzer in the first stages of installation by searching for "clean" frequencies and building frequency tables using only these "clean" frequencies. It is crucial to use the Spectrum Analyzer at the Base Station (i.e. BSR or PPR), since the most important issue in implementing a wireless communication path is ensuring that the Base Station is exposed to minimal levels of interferences.

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As interference depends on geographical locations, it is recommended to perform spectrum analysis at the CPE location when installing the ASWipLL IDR device. Prior to analyzing the spectrum, mount the ASWipLL radio (or external antenna) in the desired location. Ensure all ASWipLL devices are powered off except for the device that is being used for analyzing the spectrum. This is to prevent other ASWipLL devices from creating radio interferences with the spectrum analysis around the device being tested. Conduct several sweeps of the spectrum to ensure that all radio interferences are detected such as interferences from Frequency Hopping or Hybrid systems. The spectrum analysis should be performed in continuous mode for at least 20 times. The longer you perform the sweep, more reliable results are obtained as interference in the ISM band can change throughout the day and change rapidly (e.g. in frequency hopping systems). To ensure locating clear frequencies, continually narrow down the sweep frequency range. For example, first sweep a large frequency range. Once you have selected a clear area from this initial sweep, run another batch of sweeps concentrating on these selected frequencies. The fewer frequencies the more reliable the analysis for capturing bursty, intermittent transmitters (e.g. pagers). When using an external antenna, ensure correct antenna gain is defined with consideration to RF cable loss. Ensure the Spectrum Analyzer communicates locally (i.e. not remotely) with the ASWipLL device. When trying to connect the Spectrum Analyzer to a remote ASWipLL device over an IP network connection, activating the Spectrum Analyzer causes a loss of IP network link with all remote devices, and thus, no connection is possible between the Spectrum Analyzer and the remote device whose spectrum you want to analyze.

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12.3. Licensing the Spectrum Analyzer Feature


The Spectrum Analyzer is a license-dependant feature that runs on WipConfig. Once you have obtained this license, Airspan requires that you enter the Spectrum Analyzer license number during the WipConfig installation process to activate the Spectrum Analyzer feature (see Chapter 1, "Installing WipConfig"). If you have a license for Spectrum Analyzer, WipConfig displays the Spectrum Analyzer button in the Navigation bar as displayed below

Spectrum Analyzer button

Figure 12-1: WipConfig with licensed Spectrum Analyzer

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12.4. Accessing the Spectrum Analyzer


To access the Spectrum Analyzer, you need to click the Spectrum Analyzer button. You can access the Spectrum Analyzer through either a serial or an IP network communication mode. To access the Spectrum Analyzer: 1. To access the Spectrum Analyzer, perform one of the following:

In the Navigation bar, click the WipConfig tab, and then click the Spectrum Analyzer button.

From the View menu, choose Spectrum Analyzer.

The following Information message box appears, informing you that when using the spectrum analyzer, the device will loose communication with the wireless network (i.e. with the SPRs).

Figure 12-2: Information message box

2. Click OK. The Spectrum Analyzer window opens.

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12.5. Areas of the Spectrum Analyzer Window


When you access the Spectrum Analyzer, the Spectrum Analyzer window appears, displaying the following information retrieved from the BSR/PPR: ! Version & Card Info group:
! ! !

RF Card Type: BSRs/PPRs frequency operating band e.g. 900 MHz. Version Info: software version of the BSR/PPR. Target Side: ASWipLL device to which Spectrum Analyzer is connected.

! Start Freq and Stop Freq fields: frequency range within which device operates and within which you want to analyze the RF spectrum. ! Antenna Gain field: BSRs/PPRs default antenna gain. To refresh this display, click the True Antenna Gain Value button. The figure below displays the main areas of the Spectrum Analyzer window. Menu bar Toolbar

Graph

Status bar
Figure 12-3: Spectrum Analyzer window

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The Spectrum Analyzer window contains the following main areas: Menu bar Toolbar Workspace (graph, results table, and setup fields) Status bar

12.5.1. Menu Bar


The menu bar provides menus containing commands, as described in the table below.
Table 12-1: Description of commands of the menu bar

Menu
File Edit

Command
Exit Save Graph Table Print Graph Table Copy Table Prints graph Prints Results table

Description
Closes the Spectrum Analyzer window Saves graph as a BMP file Saves Results table in text format (.txt file)

Copies and pastes Results table into a text file (.txt file) Displays the version number of the Spectrum Analyzer module

Help

About

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12.5.2. Toolbar
The toolbar provides buttons for commonly used commands. These buttons are described in the table below.
Table 12-2: Description of toolbar commands

Button

Name
Print Graph Save Graph Print Table Save Table Zoom Graph In Zoom Graph Out Zoom Default Prints graph

Description
Saves graph as a BMP file Prints Results table Saves Results table in text format (.txt file) Zooms into the graph Zooms out of the graph Displays normal graph view

12.5.3. Status Bar


The status bar displays the following information: Frequency currently being scanned or analyzed. Description of graph buttons when you move the cursor over the buttons. Mode used for sweeping the frequencies: Single, Continuous, or Custom. If the mode is Continuous or Custom, the current sweep number is also displayed. Progress bar indicating the remaining time for completing the analysis.

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Frequency scanned Sweep mode Sweep number (not for Single mode)

Progress bar

Figure 12-4: Information displayed on the status bar

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12.6. Setting Up the Spectrum Analyzer


Before you can start the Spectrum Analyzer, you need to define various parameters. To set up the Spectrum Analyzer: 1. Ensure the Setup tab (located in the top-right pane) is selected. 2. In the Refresh Rate field, enter the time interval (in seconds) for polling the BSR/PPR. (The default is 3 sec; maximum is 3,600 sec.) 3. In the Number of Sweeps group, select the option for scanning the frequencies:

Single: scans the spectrum only once Continuous: cyclically scans the spectrum (i.e. repetitively) Custom: you can customize the number of times the Spectrum Analyzer cyclically scans the spectrum (range is 0 through 1,000 sweeps)

4. To change the antenna gain, in the Antenna Gain field, enter the new antenna gain.
Note: If you want to restore the BSRs default antenna gain, click the True Antenna Gain Value button.

5. To define the frequency range for which you want to analyze, define the following fields:

Start Freq: frequency from where you want to scan Stop Freq: frequency to which you want to scan

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12.7. Starting and Stopping the Spectrum Analyzer


Once you have setup the Spectrum Analyzer, you can start scanning the spectrum You use the Start and Stop buttons to start and stop the Spectrum Analyzer, respectively. To start and stop the spectrum analyzer: ! To start the analysis, click the Start ! To stop the analysis, click the Stop button (see the figure below) button (see the figure below)

Start button

Stop button
Figure 12-5: Start and Stop buttons

When you click the Stop button, the graph and table results remain in the display. However, if you stop the Spectrum Analyzer, and then start it again, the graph and

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the table results of the previous analysis are deleted, and the new analysis results are plotted. The status bar displays a progress bar that provides an approximate indication of the time remaining for the Spectrum Analyzer to complete its analysis.

12.8. Spectrum Analyzer Results


The Spectrum Analyzer displays the following spectrum analysis results in graph and table format: Average received signal strength (RSS) in dBm units per frequency Maximum Hold received signal strength (RSS) in dBm units per frequency Frequency channel spacing (in MHz) between receive (Rx) and transmit (Tx) frequencies. This is relevant for ASWipLL devices operating in frequency division duplexing (FDD), where a different frequency range is used for transmit and receive. This is displayed in the TxRxOffset field. (For ASWipLL devices operating in time division duplexing (TDD) mode, this field displays "0", i.e. zero, as the same frequency is used for transmit and receive.)

12.8.1. Graph Format


The Spectrum Analyzer displays the results in graph format. The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to save and print the graph.

12.8.1.1. Viewing
The Spectrum Analyzer displays the following plotted results, each depicted in a specific line color: Average RSS (white line): average received signal strength in dBm per frequency within the user-defined frequency range (i.e. defined in the Start Freq and Stop Freq fields) from all sweeps.

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Maximum Hold RSS (yellow line): maximum received signal strength (dBm per frequency) from all the sweeps. Current RSS (red dot): current RSS readings per frequency. The graph plots these values according to the defined polling rate (defined in the Refresh Rate field). The exact value of these parameters for a specific frequency can be viewed by moving your mouse over a point on a plotted line. The Spectrum Analyzer provides display buttons that control the display of various parameters plotted on the graph (see Table 12-3 and Figure 12-6).
Table 12-3: Description of display buttons for the Spectrum Analyzer graph

Button

Description
Hides the plotted maximum hold RSS (i.e. yellow-colored line) for all previous polling. However, the maximum hold RSS continues to be plotted for the next polling after clicking this button. When you click this button, the maximum hold RSS value is displayed as a horizontal yellow line on the xaxis. You can still view the value by moving your mouse over the yellow line. Hides or shows the plotted average RSS (i.e. white-colored line). When first clicked, it hides the line; when clicked again, it shows the line. Hides or shows the plotted maximum hold RSS (i.e. yellow-colored line). When first clicked, it hides the line; when clicked again, it shows the line.

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Current RSS (red dot) Average RSS Maximum hold RSS

Clear Max. Hide/Show Avg. Hide/Show Max


Figure 12-6: Graph display buttons

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12.8.1.2. Saving
You can save graphs to external files in BMP format. To save a graph: 1. From the Edit menu, point to Save, and then choose Graph. The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 12-7: Save As dialog box for graphs

2. Browse to the folder in which you want to save the file. 3. In the File Name field, type the file name, and then click Save.

12.8.1.3. Printing
The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to print out the graph. To print a graph: 1. From the Edit menu, point to Print, and then choose Graph. The Print dialog box appears, displaying your printers driver settings. 2. Define your print settings, and then click OK to print.

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12.8.2. Table Format


The Spectrum Analyzer also displays the Spectrum Analyzers results in table format. The results in the table format can be saved, printed, and copied to text files.

12.8.2.1. Viewing
The Spectrum Analyzer results in table format are displayed in the Results table, which displays the same values as plotted on the graph. To view the Spectrum Analyzer results in table format: ! Click the Results tab. The Results table appears, as displayed below. Results table

Figure 12-8: Spectrum Analyzer showing Results table

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The Results table displays the following results: ! Freq MHz: frequency scanned ! Avg dBm: average RSS per frequency ! Max Hold dBm: maximum RSS level for a specific frequency within one polling rate

12.8.2.2. Saving
You can save the Results table in text format (*.txt). To save Results table: 1. From the Edit menu, point to Save, and then choose Table. The Save As dialog box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 12-9: Save As dialog box for tables

2. Browse to the folder in which you want to save the file. 3. In the File Name field, type the file name, and then click Save.

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12.8.2.3. Printing
The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to print out the Results table. To print the Results table: 1. From the Edit menu, point to Print, and then choose Table. The Print dialog box appears, displaying your printers driver settings. 2. Define your print settings, and then click OK to print.

12.8.2.4. Copying to a Text File


The Spectrum Analyzer allows you to copy the Results table and then paste it into an external text file. To copy-and-paste tables into text files: 1. From the Edit menu, choose Copy Table. 2. Open a text file, and then simply paste the table in the text file.

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12.9. Quitting the Spectrum Analyzer


The following procedure describes how to quit the Spectrum Analyzer.
Note: After you quit Spectrum Analyzer, you must reset the ASWipLL device (See Chapter 2, "Getting Started").

To quit the Spectrum Analyzer: 1. In the Spectrum Analyzer, ensure the analysis has ended, by clicking the Stop button. 2. From the File menu, choose Exit to quit the Spectrum Analyzer. The Information message box appears, as displayed below.

Figure 12-10: Information message box for resetting BSR/PPR

3. Click OK. The Spectrum Analyzer closes and returns you to the WipConfig main window. 4. Reset the ASWipLL device.

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Establishing a BSR-SPR Link
WipConfig's Advanced menu allows you to establish a basic point-to-multipoint wireless communication link between a BSR and multiple SPRs. You can establish a link to a BSR with up to 251 SPRs per BSR. The number of SPRs depends on whether WipManage's Extended BSR feature is enabled or disabled in the WipManage program. If Extended BSR is disabled, only 126 SPRs can be added. This capability eliminates the need to use the WipManage program for establishing a BSR-SPRs link. WipConfig allows you to first configure a BSR and individual SPRs, and then later establish a wireless link between the BSR and SPRs, again using WipConfig. It is recommended, however, to use WipManage at a later stage so that you can implement advanced configuration features such as Quality of Service. The Advanced menu also provides a command for viewing the RSSI levels received at the BSR per SPR. In addition, a command also allows you to view the current modem (transmission) rate per SPR.
Note: The Advanced feature (i.e. Advanced menu) is only available when connecting WipConfig to a BSR through an IP network communication mode.

13.1. Adding SPRs


Once you have configured an SPR using WipConfig, you can establish a wireless communication link with a BSR.
Notes: 1) Ensure that the correct BSR air MAC address is configured at the SPR. 2) Ensure that you add an SPR to an index number that was configured for the SPR. 3) Ensure that the SPR was configured with the same Max Rate Mode as the BSR.

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To add an SPR: 1. From the Advanced menu, choose Associated SPRs. The Associated SPRs window appears, as displayed below.

13Figure 13-1: Associated SPRs window

2. Right-click an SPR index to which you want to add an SPR, and then choose Add SPR. The Add SPR dialog box appears.

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Figure 13-2: Add SPR dialog box

3. In the Index field, enter the index number for which the SPR was previously configured. 4. In the IP Address field, enter the SPR's IP address. 5. From the Status drop-down list, select the desired status of the SPR:

Enabled: permits the SPR to connect to the BSR. Disabled: prohibits the SPR to connect to the BSR. AutoConnect: SPR index number configured for AutoConnect. This allows an unconfigured and powered-on SPR device to connect to the BSR using the AutoConnect feature.

6. From the AutoDisconnect drop-down list, select whether AutoDisconnect is enabled or disabled (On or Off). AutoDisconnect enables an SPR index number configured for AutoConnect and that has lost its connection to an SPR device, to return to the status of AutoConnect, available to accept another SPR through AutoConnect.

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7. Click Apply. After a few seconds (according to polling rate), the BSR establishes an air and network connection with the SPR, as displayed below.

Established BSR-SPR link

Figure 13-3: SPR icon indicating established BSR-SPR link Note: You can delete an SPR by simply right-clicking the SPR index, and then choosing Delete.

13.1.1. SPR Icon Color Coding


The color of the SPR icon indicates the SPR's connection statuses. The SPR icon consists of a circle with a square-shaped box below the circle. The circle indicates air link status; the box indicates network status. A successful BSR-SPR link is indicated by a green-colored SPR icon, as displayed below. BSR-SPR air link status (circle) SPR index number

BSR-SPR IP network link status (rectangle)

Figure 13-4: Link status indicated by SPR icon

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The table below describes the color-coding possibilities of the SPR icon.
Table 13-1: Description of SPR color-coding possibilities

SPR icon

Air link (color circle)


Grey Green Yellow Green Green Grey with "X" Green with triangle

Network link (color rectangle)


Grey Green Red Red Yellow Red Green Undefined SPR.

Description

SPR has air link with BSR, and IP routing link with PC running WipManage. Defined SPR, but without air link with BSR, and without IP routing link with PC running WipManage. Defined SPR has air link with BSR, but no IP routing link with PC running WipManage. SPR has air link with BSR, and is currently being polled by PC running WipManage. SPR is disabled. SPR icon defined for AutoConnect has an SPR device connected to it with air link with BSR, and IP routing link with PC running WipManage. The SPR that is connected to this icon may be connected by AutoConnect or regular means. SPR icon defined for AutoConnect in the BSR has lost connection with SPR device and is undergoing AutoDisconnect interval. SPR index number available for accepting an SPR by AutoConnect.

Yellow with triangle Yellow with "A"

Red

Red

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13.1.2. SPR AutoConnect Feature


The AutoConnect feature is a license-dependant feature that allows an unconfigured SPR to connect to a BSR with which the SPR has the best RF reception. When an SPR device connects to the BSR, the SPR icon configured for AutoConnect (letter "A" displayed on icon), changes to a normally connected SPR icon. When the SPR device losses connection with the BSR, the SPR icon changes to a normal SPR icon without air or network link. Figure 13-5 depicts this process of an SPR icon configured for AutoConnect (without AutoDisconnect).

Figure 13-5: Connected and disconnected SPR icon configured for AutoConnect

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13.1.3. SPR AutoConnect with AutoDisconnect


AutoDisconnect enables an SPR icon configured for AutoConnect and that has lost its connection, to return to the status of AutoConnect ready to accept another SPR through AutoConnect. The interval between losing a connection and becoming available again for accepting an SPR through AutoConnect is called the AutoDisconnect interval (configurable using WipManage refer to the WipManage User's Guide). SPR device disconnects; SPR icon ready for connection to return

SPR device connects to BSR

AutoDisconnect time

Available SPR icon configured for AutoConnect and AutoDisconnect

SPR icon available for accepting SPR device through AutoConnect

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13.2. Viewing RSSI per Associated SPR


The RSSI per SPR command displays the received signal strengths at the BSR for each SPR that has a link with the BSR. To view RSSI levels at the BSR per SPR: From the Advanced menu, choose RSSI per SPR. The RSSI Viewer window appears, showing the RSS per SPR graph, as displayed below.

Figure 13-6: RSS per SPR graph

You can define the time interval that the BSR polls the SPRs for measuring the RSS levels by entering the time value (in seconds) in the spin box located on the top-right of the window.

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The graph includes the following legend: ! Red: minimum RSS level ! Green: maximum RSS level ! Yellow: average RSS level The graph provides the following buttons on the toolbar:
Table 13-2: RSS per SPR graph toolbar buttons

Button

Name
Zoom In Zoom Out Zoom Default Clear Restart

Description
Zooms in based on RSSI levels. Zooms out based on RSSI levels. Zooms to the default view (displays the first SPR index number). Clears the graph. Restarts the polling interval.

To scroll the graph to view the RSS of SPRs not currently displayed: 1. Place your cursor on the graph. 2. Right-click and drag the cursor in the left direction.

13.3. Viewing Rate per Associated SPR


The Modem Rate per SPR command displays the transmission rate of each SPR with which the BSR has a link. The SPRs are denoted on the graph by their index number. To view transmission rate per SPR: ! From the Advanced menu, choose Modem Rate per SPR. The Modem Rate per SPR window appears, displaying the Modem Rate graph, as shown in Figure 13-7.

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Figure 13-7: Modem Rate per SPR window

The graph provides the following buttons on the toolbar:


Table 13-3: Modem rate graph toolbar buttons

Button

Name
Zoom In Zoom Out Zoom Default Clear Refresh

Description
Zooms in on the graph. Zooms out of the graph values. Zooms to the default view. Clears the graph. Refreshes the graph.

To scroll the graph to view the rate of SPRs not currently displayed: 1. Place your cursor on the graph. 2. Right-click and drag the cursor in the left direction.

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Glossary
Antenna gain The amount of power radiated (in dBi) by an antenna in a specific direction relative to an ideal standard (i.e. isotropic radiator). High-gain antennas have a more focused radiation pattern in a specific direction. ASWipLL's feature for allowing unconfigured subscriber devices to connect to Base Stations or reconnect to a different Base Station. Bit Error Rate. Percentage of bits with errors divided by the total number of bits that have been transmitted, received, or processed over a given time period. ASWipLL Base Station Distribution Unit. ASWipLL Base Station Radio. The data transmission speed supported by a device, measured in megabits per second (Mbps). Decibel. The unit that measures loudness or strength of a signal in which the ratio of two power values are expressed using a logarithmic scale usually to base 10. Although the dB is a unit of comparison it is sometimes useful to have an agreed reference point. A common reference is 1mW, which is expressed as 0dBm. A ratio of decibels to an isotropic antenna that is commonly used to measure antenna gain. The greater the dBi value, the higher the gain, and the more narrow the angle of coverage. An absolute power level (in decibels) referenced to 1 milliwatt, where 0 dBm is equivalent to 1 mW. Effective Isotropic radiated power. In a given direction, the AutoConnect BER BSDU BSR Data rates dB

dBi

dBm EIRP

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Glossary

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relative gain of a transmitting antenna with respect to the maximum directivity of a half-wave dipole multiplied by the net power accepted by the antenna from the connected transmitter. EIRP is the sum of the power sent to the antenna plus antenna gain. Ethernet The most widely used wired local area network. Ethernet uses carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) to enable computers to share a network and operates at 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps, depending on the physical layer used. Number of cycles (wavelengths) per second, measured in hertz, of electromagnetic radiation. Gigahertz. One billion cycles per second. A unit of measure for frequency. Global Positioning System antenna. Time between switching to another frequency (i.e. in ASWipLL it's every 50 msec) ASWipLL Indoor Data Radio. Internet Protocol address of a device. Industrial, Scientific and Medical band. A part of the radio spectrum that can be used by anybody without a license in most countries. Media Access Control. A unique 48-bit number used in Ethernet data packets to identify an Ethernet device. Megabits per second. Megahertz. Measure of frequency equal to one million cycles per second. Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Services. A digital wireless transmission system that works in the 2.2-2.4 GHz range. It requires line of sight between transmitter and receiver. Package Internet Groper

Frequency GHz GPS Hopping length IDR IP ISM

MAC address Mbps MHz MMDS

Ping

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Glossary

PPPoE

Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. A method for running the PPP protocol commonly used for dial-up Internet connections over Ethernet. Used by DSL and cable modem providers, PPPoE supports the protocol layers and authentication widely used in PPP and enables a point-topoint connection to be established in the normally multipoint architecture of Ethernet. ASWipLL Point-to-Point Radio Quality of Service. The ability to define a level of performance in a data communications system. The range of frequencies used for transmission. A linear measure of the distance that a transmitter can send a signal. Radio frequency. Received Signal Strength Indication. The measured power of a received signal by the antenna. ASWipLL Subscriber Data Adapter. Simple Network Management Protocol. SNMP provides a means to monitor and control TCP/IP network devices, and to manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security. This is equal to bits per second and is associated with the speed of the signal through a given medium. ASWipLL Subscriber Premises Radio. A variety of radio transmission methods that continuously change frequencies or signal patterns. A radio transmission technology that spreads the user information over a much wider bandwidth than otherwise required in order to gain benefits such as improved interference tolerance and unlicensed operation. The number used to identify the IP subnetwork, indicating whether the IP address can be recognized on the LAN or if it

PPR QoS Radio Spectrum Range RF RSSI SDA SNMP

Bit rate SPR Spread spectrum

Subnet mask

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must be reached through a gateway. This number is expressed in a form similar to an IP address, such as 255.255.255.0. Subscriber Tag switching A person who is party to a contract with the provider of public telecommunication services. High-performance, packet-forwarding technology that integrates network layer (Layer 3) routing and data link layer (Layer 2) switching and provides scalable, high-speed switching in the network core. Tag switching is based on the concept of label swapping, in which packets or cells are assigned short, fixed-length labels that tell switching nodes (routers) how data should be forwarded. Trivial File Transfer Protocol. Simplified version of FTP that allows files to be transferred from one computer to another over a network, usually without the use of client authentication (e.g. username and password). The power level of radio transmission. Type of network bridge in which the host stations are unaware of their existence in the network. A transparent bridge learns which node is connected to which port through the experience of examining which node responds to each new station address that is transmitted. Virtual Local Area Network. Group of devices on one or more LANs that are configured (using management software) so that they can communicate as if they were attached to the same wire, when in fact they are located on a number of different LAN segments.

TFTP

Transmit Power Transparent bridge

VLAN

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Cable Connections
This appendix describes the cabling between the ASWipLL device and the PC running WipConfig. This includes serial and network cabling. This appendix includes the following sections: Serial Cable Connections

BSR and PPR SPR IDR BSDU

Network (IP) Connections


BSR and PPR SPR IDR BSDU

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B.1. Serial Cable Connections


The following subsections describe serial cabling between the PC running WipConfig and the following ASWipLL devices: BSR and PPR SPR IDR BSDU

B.1.1. BSR and PPR


The BSR/PPR provides a serial port for RS-232 serial interface with a PC. The table below describes the cable, connectors, and pinouts for BSR-to-PC serial cabling.
Table B-1: BSR-to-PC serial connector pinouts

Crossover serial cable BSR 9-pin D-type male Pin


2 3 5

PC Function
RS232 Rx RS232 Tx GND

Pin
3 2 5

Function
Tx Rx GND

9-pin D-type female

To connect the BSR/PPR to the PC for serial configuration (see Figure B-1): 1. Connect the 9-pin D-type male connector, at one end of the serial cable, to the BSRs serial port, labeled Serial. 2. Connect the 9-pin D-type female connector, at the other end of the serial cable, to the PCs serial port

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Figure B-1: BSR-to-PC serial cable connection Note: Ensure that the BSR remains connected to the BSDU/SDA (i.e. the BSRs 15-pin D-type port remains connected to the BSDUs/SDAs 15-pin Dtype port).

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B.1.2. SPR
The SPR-to-PC serial connection is performed using a Y-cable that connects the SPRs 15-pin D-type port to the PC and to the SDA. The following tables describe the Y-cable connector pinouts.
Table B-2: SPR-to-PC serial connector pinouts

Straight-through Y-cable SPR 15-pin D-type male Pin


1 2 3 4 5 6

SDA Function
+48 VDC 48 RTN Ethernet Tx+ Ethernet TxEthernet Rx+ Ethernet Rx1 2 3 4 5 6

Pin

Function
+48 VDC 48 RTN Rx+ RxTx+ Tx-

15-pin D-type male

SPR Pin
12 14 15

PC Pin
5 3 2

Function
GND RS232 Rx RS232 Tx

Function
GND Rx Tx

9-pin D-type female

To connect the PC to the SPR using a serial connection (see Figure B-2): 1. Connect the 15-pin D-type male connector, at the one end of the Y-cable, to the SPR. 2. Connect the 15-pin D-type male connector, at the other end of the Y-cable, to the SDA. 3. Connect the 9-pin D-type female (RS232) connector, at the other end of the Ycable, to the PCs serial port.

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Figure B-2: PC-to-SPR serial connection using Y- cable

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B.1.3. IDR
The table below describes the cable, connectors, and pinouts for IDR serial cabling.
Table B-3: IDR serial connector pinouts

Crossover cable IDR 6-pin RJ-11 Pin


1 5 6

PC Function
Rx GND Tx 3 5 2

Pin

Function
Tx GND Rx

9-pin D-type female

To connect the IDR to the ASWipLL management station (PC): 1. Connect the 6 pin RJ-11 connector, at one end of the crossover cable, to the IDRs RJ-11 port labeled Serial. 2. Connect the 9 pin D-type female connector, at the other end of the crossover cable, to the PCs serial port.

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Figure 13-5: IDR-to-PC serial cable connections

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Cable Connections

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B.1.4. BSDU
The BSDU-to-PC serial interface is performed by connecting the PC to the BSDUs serial port (labeled Monitor). The table below describes the cable, connectors, and pinouts.
Table B-4: BSDU-to-PC serial management connector pinouts

Crossover cable BSDU 9-pin D-type male Pin


2 3 5

PC Function
RS232 Rx RS232 Tx GND

Pin
3 2 5

Function
Tx Rx GND

9-pin D-type female

To connect the PC to the BSDU by serial connection (see Figure B-4): 1. Connect the 9-pin D-type male connector, at one end of the cable, to the BSDUs serial port (labeled Monitor). 2. Connect the 9-pin D-type female connector, at the other end of the cable, to the PC's serial port.

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Figure B-4: PC-to-BSDU serial connections

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B.2. Local Network Connections


For configuring the ASWipLL devices using WipConfig through an IP network, you can connect the PC running WipConfig locally to the ASWipLL device through a LAN port, or remotely if you have IP connectivity to the device. The following subsections describe the cable, connectors, and pinouts for local network cable connections.

B.2.1. BSR and PPR


Configuring the BSR/PPR through a network is performed via the ASWipLL Ethernet switch or hub to which the BSR/PPR is connected. The BSR/PPR-to-PC local network cabling depends on the BSR configuration: If the BSR is connected to an SDA, then see Section B.2.2, "B.2.2. SPR". If the BSR is connected to a BSDU, then see Section B.2.4, "B.1.4. BSDU".

B.2.2. SPR
The SPR-to-PC local network cabling is performed by connecting the PC to the SDA that is connected to the SPR. The PC's LAN port connects to the SDAs Ethernet port.
Note: The PC-to-SPR local network connection is the same for a BSR that is connected to an SDA.

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The SPR-to-PC local network cabling is described in the table below.


Table B-5: SDA-to-PC local network management connector pinouts

Straight-through cable 8-pin RJ-45 male Pin


1 2 3 6

Function
+Rx -Rx +Tx -Tx

To connect the SPR to a PC through a local network (see Figure B-5): 1. Connect the RJ-45 connector, at one end of the straight-through cable, to the PC's Ethernet port. 2. Connect the RJ-45 connector, at the other end of the straight-through cable, to the SDAs Ethernet port.

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Figure B-5: SPR-to-PC local network (IP) cable connection Note: Ensure that the SDA remains connected to the SPR.

B.3.3. IDR
The IDR-to-PC local network (IP) connection is performed by connecting the PC's LAN port to the IDRs Ethernet port. The IDR-to-PC local network cabling is described in Table B-6.

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Table B-6: IDR-to-PC local network management connector pinouts

8-pin RJ-45 Pin


1 2 3 6

Function
Rx+ RxTx+ Tx-

To connect the IDR to the PC through a network (see Figure B-6): 1. Connect the 8-pin RJ-45 connector, on one end of the cable, to the PC. 2. Connect the 8-pin RJ-45 connector, at the other end of the cable, to the IDRs Ethernet port.

Figure B-6: PC-to-IDR local network cable connection

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B.3.4. BSDU
The BSDU-to-PC local network (IP) connection is performed by connecting the PC to the BSDUs 10BaseT or 100BaseT port. If the BSDUs two 10BaseT ports are connected to one another by a crossover cable (i.e. looped), then the PC connects to one of the BSDUs 100BaseT ports. If the two BSDU 10BaseT ports are not connected to one another, then the PC connects to the BSDUs right-most 10BaseT port (labeled 10Base-T 2). The BSDU-to-PC local network cable connections (on the BSDU side) are described in the following tables:
Table B-7: Connector pinouts for looping BSDU's 10Base-T ports

Crossover cable BSDU 10Base-T port 1 8-pin RJ-45 Pin


1 2 3 6 Rx+ RxTx+ Tx-

BSDU 10Base-T port 2 8-pin RJ-45 Pin


3 6 1 2 Tx+ TxRx+ Rx-

Signal

Signal

Table B-8: Connector pinouts for 100Base-T management

Straight-through cable PC LAN port 8-pin RJ-45 Pin


1 2 3 6 Tx+ TxRx+ Rx-

BSDU 100Base-T port 8-pin RJ-45 Pin


1 2 3 6 Rx+ RxTx+ Tx-

Signal

Signal

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To connect the BSDU to the PC using a network connection: 1. Connect the RJ-45 connector, at one end of the straight-through cable, to the PCs Ethernet port. 2. Connector the RJ-45 connector, at the other end of straight-through cable, to the BSDUs 10Base-T port labeled 2 (see Figure B-7), -OrConnect the BSDUs two 10Base-T ports with the crossover cable, and then connect the RJ-45 connector to the BSDUs 1000Base-T port (see Figure B-8).

Figure B-7: PC-to-BSDU local network connection 10Base-T port

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Figure B-8: PC-to-BSDU local network connection 100Base-T port

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Index
A
About command....................................... 2-22 Accessing Spectrum Analyzer ................. 12-5 Active SW bank locking................................................. 10-9 overview.............................................. 10-1 swapping ............................................. 10-7 Adding SPR to BSR................................. 13-1 Air MAC address defining BSR for SPR.................................... 5-4 for BSR............................................ 4-4 Air subnet defining for BSR............................................ 4-5 for SPR ............................................ 5-5 Antenna Gain, changing in Spectrum Analyzer .............................................. 12-6 Antenna power level, configuring.............. 8-4 Associated SPRs command...................... 13-1 AutoConnect color-coding for SPR........................... 13-6 color-coding of SPR with AutoDisconnect ........................................................ 13-7 description ........................................... 13-6 with AutoDisconnect........................... 13-7 AutoConnect, defining for SPR ................. 5-4 AutoDisconnect color-coding for SPR........................... 13-7 description ........................................... 13-7 Average RSS viewing in Spectrum Analyzer table . 12-17 viewing on Spectrum Analyzer graph12-12

B
BER, viewing on graph............................ 5-11 Bridge configuring for BSR.............................. 4-3 configuring for SPR .............................. 5-3 BSDU assigning BSDU for synchronization .... 7-5 cable connections IP 14 configuring ............................................ 7-4 defining default gateway................................ 7-5 Get/Set community.......................... 7-6 IP address ........................................ 7-5 subnet .............................................. 7-5 subnet address ................................. 7-5 used Frequency table ....................... 7-5 VLAN management ........................ 7-5 description............................................. 7-1 downloading NVRAM Configuration files......... 11-6 SW versions................................... 10-3 enabling synchronization ...................... 7-5 power control over BSRs ...................... 7-6 SW ver. file name................................ 10-3 uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112 BSDU Configuration pane ......................... 7-4 BSR adding an BSR .................................... 13-1 cable connections IP 10

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serial .................................................... 2 configuring ............................................ 4-2 configuring bridge or router .................. 4-3 defining Air MAC address............................. 4-4 air subnet scheme ............................ 4-5 default gateway................................ 4-4 Get/Set community.......................... 4-4 IP address ........................................ 4-4 power level ...................................... 8-4 subnet............................................... 4-4 synchronization phase...................... 4-4 transmission rate.............................. 4-4 used Frequency table ....................... 4-4 VLAN management......................... 4-5 VLAN policy ................................... 4-5 description ............................................. 4-2 downloading NVRAM Configuration files .........11-6 SW versions...................................10-3 enabling synchronization....................... 4-4 establishing link with SPR .................. 13-1 frequency tables downloading .................................... 9-3 saving............................................... 9-2 power control by BSDU ........................ 7-6 SW ver. file name................................ 10-3 uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112 BSR Configuration pane ............................ 4-2 buttons PPR........................................................ 6-7 Buttons Offset................................................... 5-10 PPR Configuration ................................ 6-4 Reset Offset......................................... 5-10 Spectrum Analyzer.............................. 12-5 Start ................................................... 12-11 Stop ................................................... 12-11

C
Cable connections

serial......................................................... 2 Cable loss configuring ............................................ 8-4 Calculator, using ...................................... 2-21 Card type, viewing in Spectrum Analyzer12-6 Changing user name and password.......... 2-10 Color coding of SPR icons........................................ 13-4 Commands About WipConfig................................ 2-22 Associated SPRs ................................. 13-1 Calculator ............................................ 2-21 Exit...................................................... 2-22 Modem Rate per SPR.......................... 13-9 Open.................................................... 2-20 RSSI per SPR ...................................... 13-8 Save..................................................... 2-17 Set Factory Default ............................. 2-14 Set Protected Default........................... 2-16 Spectrum Analyzer.............................. 12-5 User Administration ............................ 2-10 Configuration files NVRAM downloading .................................. 11-6 overview ........................................ 11-1 uploading....................................... 11-2 WipConfig opening .......................................... 2-20 saving ............................................ 2-17 Configurations applying default settings ..................... 2-14 applying protected default settings...... 2-16 applying user-defined.......................... 2-13 Configuring BSDU.................................................... 7-4 BSR ....................................................... 4-2 PPR ....................................................... 6-4 SPR ....................................................... 5-2 Connecting to device by serial.................................. 3-4 Connection indications............................... 3-2 Copying tables in Spectrum Analyzer.... 12-19

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Index

D
Data source, description ........................... 2-11 Default configurations applying full ........................................ 2-14 applying protected ............................... 2-16 Defaults applying full factory ............................ 2-14 applying protected factory................... 2-16 applying user-defined.......................... 2-13 device IP address................................. 2-14 device subnet address .......................... 2-14 login name and password ...................... 2-2 Devices connecting by serial............................... 3-4 Disconnecting from device ...................... 3-13 Downloading frequency tables..............................9-2, 9-3 NVRAM configuration files................ 11-6 Downloading SW versions overview.............................................. 10-1

defining for BSDU......................................... 7-5 for BSR............................................ 4-4 for SPR ............................................ 5-4 Graphs Modem Rate........................................ 13-9 printing of Spectrum Analyzer.......... 12-15 RSSI per SPR ...................................... 13-8 RSSI per Time..................................... 5-11 saving of Spectrum Analyzer ............ 12-15 viewing BER ....................................... 5-11 viewing in Spectrum Analyzer.......... 12-12

I
IDR cable connections IP 12 downloading NVRAM Configuration files......... 11-6 SW version .................................... 10-3 SW ver. file name................................ 10-3 uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112 IP address defining for BSDU......................................... 7-5 for BSR............................................ 4-4 for SPR ............................................ 5-4

E
Establishing BSR-SPR link...................... 13-1 Exit command .......................................... 2-22

F
Files SW ver BSDU ............................................10-3 BSR ...............................................10-3 IDR ................................................10-3 SPR................................................10-3 Frequency range for Spectrum Analyzer . 12-6 Frequency table defining used for BSDU ................................ 7-5 used for BSR ................................... 4-4 Frequency tables loading................................................... 9-3 saving .................................................... 9-2

L
Licensing Spectrum Analyzer.................. 12-4 Logging on to WipConfig.......................... 2-2 Login password, changing ....................... 2-10 Long Range, enabling for SPR .................. 5-4

M
Management VLAN defining for BSDU ................................ 7-5 defining for BSR ................................... 4-5 defining for SPR.................................... 5-6 Max Hold RSS, definition...................... 12-12 Menu bar description in WipConfig ...................... 2-4

G
Gateway

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of Spectrum Analyzer.......................... 12-7 Messages of WipConfig............................. 2-9 Modem Rate per SPR command .............. 13-9

Q
Quitting Spectrum Analyzer............................ 12-20 WipConfig........................................... 2-22

N
Navigation bar description ......................... 2-7 NVRAM Configuration files downloading........................................ 11-6 overview.............................................. 11-1 uploading............................................. 11-2

R
Rate defining for BSR............................................ 4-4 for SPR ............................................ 5-4 viewing associated SPRs..................... 13-9 Refresh rate, defining in Spectrum Analyzer .......................................................... 12-10 Reset Offset button .................................. 5-10 Results table copying to text files........................... 12-19 description......................................... 12-17 printing of Spectrum Analyzer.......... 12-19 saving of Spectrum Analyzer ............ 12-18 viewing in Spectrum Analyzer.......... 12-16 Roaming, enabling SPR Long Range feature .............................................................. 5-4 Router configuring for BSR.............................. 4-3 configuring for SPR .............................. 5-3 RSSI viewing at SPR.................................... 5-11 viewing BSR associated SPRs ............ 13-8 RSSI per SPR command .......................... 13-8

O
Offset button ............................................ 5-10 Open command ........................................ 2-20 Opening WipConfig configuration files... 2-20

P
Password, changing.................................. 2-10 Point-to-point radio link algorithm for SPR index........................ 6-2 configuring SPR .................................... 6-7 overview................................................ 6-2 Power control to BSRs............................... 7-6 Power level, configuring ............................ 8-4 PPR algorithm for SPR index........................ 6-2 cable connections IP 10 serial .................................................... 2 configuring ............................................ 6-4 defining power level ...................................... 8-4 description ............................................. 6-2 downloading NVRAM Configuration files .........11-6 SW versions...................................10-3 uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112 PPR button ................................................. 6-7 PPR Configuration button .......................... 6-4 Printing Spectrum Analyzer graphs ................ 12-15 Spectrum Analyzer Results table....... 12-19

S
Save command......................................... 2-17 Saving frequency tables .................................... 9-2 Spectrum Analyzer graphs ................ 12-15 Spectrum Analyzer Results table ...... 12-18 WipConfig configuration files ............ 2-17 Serial accessing Spectrum Analyzer.............. 12-5 connecting to device by......................... 3-4 Serial cable connections................................ 2 Set Factory Default command.................. 2-14 Set Protected Default command............... 2-16 Software banks

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Index

locking................................................. 10-9 overview.............................................. 10-1 swapping ............................................. 10-7 Spectrum Analyzer accessing ............................................. 12-5 serial mode ....................................12-5 areas .................................................... 12-6 button .................................................. 12-5 copying Results table to file .............. 12-19 defining antenna gain .......................... 12-6 defining refresh rate .......................... 12-10 defining sweep number ..................... 12-10 entering frequency range ..................... 12-6 general guidelines................................ 12-2 licensing .............................................. 12-4 menu bar.............................................. 12-7 overview.............................................. 12-2 printing graphs ......................................... 12-15 Results table ............................... 12-19 quitting .............................................. 12-20 saving graphs ......................................... 12-15 Results table ............................... 12-18 setting up of....................................... 12-10 starting............................................... 12-11 status bar.............................................. 12-8 stopping ............................................. 12-11 toolbar ................................................. 12-8 TxRxOffset........................................ 12-12 viewing graph........................................... 12-12 Results table ............................... 12-16 SPR adding to BSR ..................................... 13-1 cable connections IP 10 configuring ............................................ 5-2 configuring point-to-point radio link..... 6-7 defining air subnet scheme ............................ 5-5 AutoConnect.................................... 5-4 default gateway................................ 5-4

Get/Set community.......................... 5-4 IP address ........................................ 5-4 power level ...................................... 8-4 subnet .............................................. 5-4 subnet address ................................. 5-4 transmission rate.............................. 5-4 VLAN management ........................ 5-6 VLAN policy................................... 5-5 description............................................. 5-2 downloading NVRAM Configuration files......... 11-6 SW versions................................... 10-3 enabling Long Range ............................ 5-4 establishing link with BSR.................. 13-1 frequency tables downloading .................................... 9-3 saving .............................................. 9-2 index with PPR...................................... 6-2 selecting bridge or router ...................... 5-3 SW ver. file name................................ 10-3 uploading NVRAM Configuration files 112 viewing BER ............................................... 5-11 Rate with BSR............................... 13-9 RSSI .............................................. 5-11 RSSI at BSR .................................. 13-8 statistics ........................................... 5-8 SPR Configuration pane ............................ 5-2 SPRs color-coding of icons..................13-4, 13-6 Standby SW bank, overview.................... 10-1 Start button............................................. 12-11 Starting Spectrum Analyzer............................ 12-11 WipConfig............................................. 2-2 Statistics, viewing of SPR.......................... 5-8 Status bar in WipConfig......................................... 2-8 messages................................................ 2-9 of Spectrum Analyzer ......................... 12-8 Stop button............................................. 12-11

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Stopping Spectrum Analyzer ................. 12-11 Subnet mask defining for BSDU......................................... 7-5 for BSR............................................ 4-4 for SPR ............................................ 5-4 SW version, viewing in Spectrum Analyzer ............................................................. 12-6 Sweeps, defining in Spectrum Analyzer 12-10 Synchronization assigning BSDU ring ID........................ 7-5 defining phase for BSR ......................... 4-4 enabling for BSDU......................................... 7-5 for BSR............................................ 4-4

WipConfig version .............................. 2-22 VLAN management defining for BSDU .......................... 7-5 defining for BSR ............................. 4-5 defining for SPR.............................. 5-6 policy defining for BSR ............................. 4-5 defining for SPR.............................. 5-5

W
WipConfig communicating with device serial ................................................ 3-4 configuring BSDU ................................ 7-4 configuring BSR ................................... 4-2 configuring PPR.................................... 6-4 configuring SPR.................................... 5-2 description of panes............................... 2-8 disconnecting from device .................. 3-13 IP cable connections to BSDU ............................................ 14 to BSR ............................................... 10 to IDR................................................ 12 to PPR................................................ 10 to SPR................................................ 10 menu bar................................................ 2-4 messages................................................ 2-9 Navigation bar....................................... 2-7 quitting ................................................ 2-22 serial cable connections to BSR ................................................. 2 to PPR.................................................. 2 starting................................................... 2-2 status bar ............................................... 2-8 toolbar ................................................... 2-6 using the calculator ............................. 2-21 viewing SW version ............................ 2-22 window areas......................................... 2-4

T
Toolbar in WipConfig......................................... 2-6 of Spectrum Analyzer.......................... 12-8 TxRxOffset, Spectrum Analyzer............ 12-12

U
Uploading NVRAM Configuration files.. 11-2 User Administration command ................ 2-10 User Name, changing............................... 2-10

V
Viewing Avg RSS in Spectrum Analyzer ........ 12-12 BSR's RSSI per SPR ........................... 13-8 device SW ver. in Spectrum Analyzer 12-6 Max Hold RSS in Spectrum Analyzer... 1212 rate per associated SPR ....................... 13-9 RF card type ........................................ 12-6 Spectrum Analyzer graph.................. 12-12 Spectrum Analyzer Results table....... 12-16 SPR BER............................................. 5-11 SPR RSSI ............................................ 5-11 SPR statistics ......................................... 5-8

C-6

Airspan Networks Inc.

06040311-08