CE 765 Advanced Steel Design Building Structures
BuiltUp Compression Members 1  P a g e
Supplementary Example 55
Supplementary Example 55
A column section is built up from 4 L5 x 5 x 5/8 angles as shown in the figure. The effective length of the
column is 30 and all steel is A57250. The column is subjected to a dead load of 100
kips
and a live load of
475
kips
. The column will be single laced, and the lacing will be bolted to the angles with fully tensioned
bolts. The column measures 20 outtoout on the angles in each direction. Determine whether the
column is adequate to support the given loading.
Solution:
**Note that the check for Torsional Buckling has been omitted here
because it is an unlikely limit state, but in all correctness should be
checked since this is a doublysymmetric crosssection.
Check Local Buckling:
f
f
b 5"
8
t 0.625"
= = =
rl
y
E 29, 000
0.45 0.45 10.84
F 50
= = =
Since
r
< , local buckling will not occur.
Compute Section Properties:
( )
( )
2 2
in in
g
A 4 5.90 23.6 = =
( )
4 2 4
2
2 in in in
X y x
20"
I I 4 I ad 4 13.6 5.90 1.47" 1,772
2
(
 
= = + = + =
(

\ .
(
4
2
in
x
x y
in
I 1,772
r r 8.66"
A
23.6
= = = =
Connector Spacing:
The maximum connector spacing is given by:
max i
max
3 KL
a r
4 r
  
=
 
\ .\ .
where:
( )
/
max
30' 12" '
KL
41.55
r 8.66"
 
 
 = =


\ .
\ .
a
CE 765 Advanced Steel Design Building Structures
BuiltUp Compression Members 2  P a g e
Supplementary Example 55
( ) ( )
max
3
a 0.975" 41.55 30.88"
4
 
= =

\ .
The angle between the lacing and the axis of the member is limited to a maximum of 60 degrees by the
Specification, Section E4.
x=60
g=30
20 in.
a/2
( )
a
tan 30
2d
=
( )( ) ( ) a 2 20" tan 30 23.09" = =
Use a = 20, which provides angles of x = 67.5 and g = 22.5
Modified Slenderness Ratio:
( )
2
2
2
2
m 0 ib
KL KL a
0.82
r r r 1
     
= +
  
+ \ . \ .
\ .
(AISC Equation E62)
where:
ib
h
2r
=
where:
( )( ) h 20" 2 1.47" 17.06" = =
r
ib
= r
y
for a single angle =1.52
( )
17.06"
5.612
2 1.52"
= =
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
m
5.612
KL 20"
41.55 0.82 43.17
r 1.52"
1 5.612
   
= + =
 
\ . \ .
+
h is the distance between centroids
of individual components
perpendicular to the axis of buckling
20"
+ +
+ +
1.47"
1.47"
CE 765 Advanced Steel Design Building Structures
BuiltUp Compression Members 3  P a g e
Supplementary Example 55
Column Design Capacity:
y
e
F
F
cr y
y
KL E
Since 43.17 4.71 113.43 F 0.658 F
r F
( (
(  
( = = = (
 (
\ . ( (
Inelastic buckling governs.
y
e
F
F
cr y
F 0.658 F
(
( =
(
where
( )
( )
2
2
ksi
e 2 2
m
29, 000
E
F 153.58
43.17 KL
r
= = =
 

\ .
( )
50
ksi ksi
153.58
cr
F 0.658 50 43.63
(
= =
(
( )( )( )
2
ksi in kips
n
P 0.90 43.63 23.6 875 = =
Factored Loads:
(LC1) ( )( )
kips kips
u
P 1.4 125 140 = =
(LC2) ( )( ) ( )( )
kips kips kips
u
P 1.2 125 1.6 450 880 = + = Controls
Conclusion: Since
kips kips
n u
P 875 P 880 = < = the column is not adequate.