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CE 765 Advanced Steel Design Building Structures

Built-Up Compression Members 1 | P a g e


Supplementary Example 5-5
Supplementary Example 5-5
A column section is built up from 4 L5 x 5 x 5/8 angles as shown in the figure. The effective length of the
column is 30 and all steel is A572-50. The column is subjected to a dead load of 100
kips
and a live load of
475
kips
. The column will be single laced, and the lacing will be bolted to the angles with fully tensioned
bolts. The column measures 20 out-to-out on the angles in each direction. Determine whether the
column is adequate to support the given loading.


Solution:

**Note that the check for Torsional Buckling has been omitted here
because it is an unlikely limit state, but in all correctness should be
checked since this is a doubly-symmetric cross-section.

Check Local Buckling:

f
f
b 5"
8
t 0.625"
= = =
rl
y
E 29, 000
0.45 0.45 10.84
F 50
= = =
Since
r
< , local buckling will not occur.


Compute Section Properties:

( )
( )
2 2
in in
g
A 4 5.90 23.6 = =
( )
4 2 4
2
2 in in in
X y x
20"
I I 4 I ad 4 13.6 5.90 1.47" 1,772
2
(
| |
= = + = + =
(
|
\ .
(


4
2
in
x
x y
in
I 1,772
r r 8.66"
A
23.6
= = = =

Connector Spacing:

The maximum connector spacing is given by:

max i
max
3 KL
a r
4 r
| || |
=
| |
\ .\ .


where:

( )
/
max
30' 12" '
KL
41.55
r 8.66"
| |
| |
| = =
|
|
\ .
\ .

a
CE 765 Advanced Steel Design Building Structures


Built-Up Compression Members 2 | P a g e
Supplementary Example 5-5
( ) ( )
max
3
a 0.975" 41.55 30.88"
4
| |
= =
|
\ .


The angle between the lacing and the axis of the member is limited to a maximum of 60 degrees by the
Specification, Section E4.

x=60
g=30
20 in.
a/2


( )
a
tan 30
2d
=
( )( ) ( ) a 2 20" tan 30 23.09" = =

Use a = 20, which provides angles of x = 67.5 and g = 22.5


Modified Slenderness Ratio:

( )
2
2
2
2
m 0 ib
KL KL a
0.82
r r r 1
| | | | | |
= +
| | |
+ \ . \ .
\ .
(AISC Equation E6-2)

where:

ib
h
2r
=

where:
( )( ) h 20" 2 1.47" 17.06" = =
r
ib
= r
y
for a single angle =1.52


( )
17.06"
5.612
2 1.52"
= =

( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
m
5.612
KL 20"
41.55 0.82 43.17
r 1.52"
1 5.612
| | | |
= + =
| |
\ . \ .
+

h is the distance between centroids
of individual components
perpendicular to the axis of buckling
20"
+ +
+ +
1.47"
1.47"
CE 765 Advanced Steel Design Building Structures


Built-Up Compression Members 3 | P a g e
Supplementary Example 5-5


Column Design Capacity:

y
e
F
F
cr y
y
KL E
Since 43.17 4.71 113.43 F 0.658 F
r F
( (
( | |
( = = = (
| (
\ . ( (



Inelastic buckling governs.

y
e
F
F
cr y
F 0.658 F
(
( =
(


where
( )
( )
2
2
ksi
e 2 2
m
29, 000
E
F 153.58
43.17 KL
r

= = =
| |
|
\ .

( )
50
ksi ksi
153.58
cr
F 0.658 50 43.63
(
= =
(


( )( )( )
2
ksi in kips
n
P 0.90 43.63 23.6 875 = =

Factored Loads:

(LC-1) ( )( )
kips kips
u
P 1.4 125 140 = =
(LC-2) ( )( ) ( )( )
kips kips kips
u
P 1.2 125 1.6 450 880 = + = Controls

Conclusion: Since
kips kips
n u
P 875 P 880 = < = the column is not adequate.