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STATISTICS AND DWH DEPARTMENT

MONTHLY AVERAGE FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE


(Pak Rupees Per US $)
Spot
Spot
Buying Selling Average
Parity/Official
Aug 1947 to Jul-55
3.3085
Exchange Rate
Aug-55 to Apr-72
4.7619
4.7775
4.7697
May-72 to Jan-73
11.0000 11.0156 11.0078
Feb-73 to Dec-81
9.9000
9.9156
9.9078
Period

Period
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91
1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1
1998-99
2
1998-99
1999-00
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13

JUL
9.9078
12.1698
13.2678
14.0671
16.0078
16.7800
17.4916
18.1212
21.1068
21.7944
24.6281
25.1929
28.3871
30.6694
31.2033
35.2821
40.6013
46.2633
46.2633
51.6067
52.5075
64.0905
59.7907
57.7432
58.2777
59.6234
60.2711
60.3978
70.5896
82.0062
85.5031
86.0204
94.3779

AUG
9.9078
12.2684
13.3867
14.0766
15.9078
16.9145
17.6009
18.2606
21.1027
21.8083
24.7185
25.1854
29.9247
30.6694
31.3563
35.5752
40.6213
46.1150
49.9277
51.6408
53.9820
64.1157
59.5102
57.7877
58.7934
59.6547
60.3180
60.5145
74.2926
82.7716
85.6070
86.6211
94.4660

SEP
9.9078
12.3607
13.3998
14.2885
16.1386
16.9971
17.5638
18.3619
21.1101
21.7944
24.7154
25.1427
29.9247
30.7267
31.5186
36.6113
40.6213
46.1150
50.0995
51.7284
56.1063
64.1472
59.2578
57.8093
58.9725
59.7593
60.5037
60.6376
77.1668
82.8462
85.7618
87.4744
94.5877

OCT
9.9078
12.5635
13.3047
14.5456
16.0539
17.0725
17.5954
18.4711
21.1693
21.8440
24.6804
25.2044
30.0903
30.7267
32.1071
38.1608
42.6215
46.1150
50.3784
51.7534
58.1591
62.2097
59.0530
57.5609
60.0311
59.7108
60.5959
60.6795
80.4331
83.2176
85.9416
86.9655
95.3487

NOV
9.9078
12.4478
13.2378
14.7698
15.9878
17.2578
17.5490
18.7285
21.3565
21.9107
24.7668
25.5080
30.1252
30.7434
34.3357
40.2203
44.1602
46.1150
50.7970
51.7653
57.0032
61.1255
58.5852
57.3342
59.9393
59.7647
60.7282
61.0003
79.9239
83.4540
85.5440
86.9316
95.9926

DEC
9.9078
12.8654
13.4272
15.1721
15.9878
17.2578
17.4937
18.7301
21.4385
21.9099
24.7914
25.6933
30.1616
30.8319
34.3357
40.2203
44.1602
46.1150
50.0558
51.7647
57.9913
60.5836
58.4162
57.3960
59.5478
59.8076
60.8878
61.1798
78.9238
84.0021
85.7072
89.3402
97.1870

JAN
10.2509
12.8431
13.6266
15.4749
15.9878
17.2578
17.5091
18.9862
21.4736
22.1296
24.7548
25.9752
30.2910
30.9188
34.3357
40.2203
44.1602
46.1150
49.8663
51.7702
59.0639
60.2011
58.1829
57.3993
59.4452
59.8396
60.8780
62.3667
79.0856
84.5184
85.6778
90.1357
97.4720

FEB
10.7045
12.8985
13.5398
15.7349
15.9878
17.2578
17.5779
19.3274
21.4736
22.2054
24.7175
26.2669
30.4633
30.9695
34.4353
40.2203
44.1602
46.1150
50.1240
51.7962
59.6205
60.1611
58.0811
57.3601
59.3525
59.8855
60.7321
62.6185
79.4485
84.8991
85.3141
90.6186
97.9687

MAR
11.1325
12.9050
13.3495
16.0349
15.9878
17.3166
17.6093
19.5327
21.4815
22.5604
24.9234
26.5855
30.5736
30.9688
34.5719
40.2203
44.1974
46.1150
49.9386
51.7912
60.5224
60.1020
57.8675
57.4495
59.3529
60.0070
60.6927
62.7500
80.2355
84.3500
85.3380
90.7135

APR
11.6691
12.9760
13.5609
15.9243
16.2122
17.3141
17.6440
19.9718
21.7476
23.2502
25.0865
26.7461
30.6164
30.9505
34.7071
40.2564
44.2911
46.1150
50.4115
51.7911
61.0673
60.1232
57.7757
57.4616
59.4031
59.9979
60.7052
63.5556
80.3958
83.9386
84.6278
90.6345

MAY
11.5849
12.9703
13.8735
16.0078
16.5472
17.3433
17.6771
20.9414
21.9582
23.7405
25.1570
26.8686
30.6835
30.9936
34.8496
40.4418
44.1609
48.4848
51.0911
51.7975
61.8291
60.1253
57.7311
57.6753
59.5081
60.0668
60.6718
67.6009
80.5268
84.3318
85.2122
91.2605

JUN
11.9859
13.0378
13.8791
15.9798
16.9358
17.3906
17.8806
21.1528
21.9229
24.1241
25.1891
27.1477
30.7247
31.0517
35.0570
40.4945
44.5940
51.7017
51.7017
52.0452
63.4010
60.1246
57.7429
57.9165
59.6673
60.1618
60.6256
67.2563
80.9574
85.2844
85.7859
94.1151

Notes: (i)Pak-rupee remained linked to Pound Sterling till September, 1971 and subsequently to U.S. Dollar till January, 1982.
(ii)Managed floating exchange rate system was adopted w.e.f. January 8, 1982 under which the value of the rupee was determined on daily basis,
with reference to a basket of currencies of Pakistans major trading partners and competitors.
(iii) After nuclear detonation by Pakistan in 1998, a two-tier exchange rate system i.e. 1official exchange rate and 2floating interbank exchange rate
was introduced w.e.f. 22nd July 1998.
(iv) However, effective from 19th May 1999, the exchange rate has been unified, with the introduction of market-based floating exchange rate system,
under which the exchange rate is determined by the demand and supply positions in the foreign exchange market. Now, Pakistan is maintaining
floating rate, wherein each bank quotes its own exchange rates depending on its short and long position.

Contact Person: Mr. Muhammad Jaweed Akhtar, Sr.Joint Director


e-mail:
muhammad.jaweed@sbp.org.pk
Contact Number: 021-99221571
for feedback:
http://www.sbp.org.pk/stats/survey/index.asp

STATISTICS AND DWH DEPARTMENT


MONTHLY AVERAGE FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE
(US $ Per Pak Rupees)
Spot
Spot
Average
Buying Selling
Parity/Official
Aug 1947 to Jul-55
0.3022
Exchange Rate
Aug-55 to Apr-72
0.2100
0.2093
0.2097
May-72 to Jan-73
0.0909
0.0908
0.0908
Feb-73 to Dec-81
0.1010
0.1009
0.1009
Period

Period
JUL
AUG
SEP
OCT
NOV
DEC
JAN
FEB
MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
1981-82
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.0976
0.0934
0.0898
0.0857
0.0863
0.0834
1982-83
0.0822
0.0815
0.0809
0.0796
0.0803
0.0777
0.0779
0.0775
0.0775
0.0771
0.0771
0.0767
1983-84
0.0754
0.0747
0.0746
0.0752
0.0755
0.0745
0.0734
0.0739
0.0749
0.0737
0.0721
0.0721
1984-85
0.0711
0.0710
0.0700
0.0687
0.0677
0.0659
0.0646
0.0636
0.0624
0.0628
0.0625
0.0626
1985-86
0.0625
0.0629
0.0620
0.0623
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0617
0.0604
0.0590
1986-87
0.0596
0.0591
0.0588
0.0586
0.0579
0.0579
0.0579
0.0579
0.0577
0.0578
0.0577
0.0575
1987-88
0.0572
0.0568
0.0569
0.0568
0.0570
0.0572
0.0571
0.0569
0.0568
0.0567
0.0566
0.0559
1988-89
0.0552
0.0548
0.0545
0.0541
0.0534
0.0534
0.0527
0.0517
0.0512
0.0501
0.0478
0.0473
1989-90
0.0474
0.0474
0.0474
0.0472
0.0468
0.0466
0.0466
0.0466
0.0466
0.0460
0.0455
0.0456
1990-91
0.0459
0.0459
0.0459
0.0458
0.0456
0.0456
0.0452
0.0450
0.0443
0.0430
0.0421
0.0415
1991-92
0.0406
0.0405
0.0405
0.0405
0.0404
0.0403
0.0404
0.0405
0.0401
0.0399
0.0398
0.0397
1992-93
0.0397
0.0397
0.0398
0.0397
0.0392
0.0389
0.0385
0.0381
0.0376
0.0374
0.0372
0.0368
1993-94
0.0352
0.0334
0.0334
0.0332
0.0332
0.0332
0.0330
0.0328
0.0327
0.0327
0.0326
0.0325
1994-95
0.0326
0.0326
0.0325
0.0325
0.0325
0.0324
0.0323
0.0323
0.0323
0.0323
0.0323
0.0322
1995-96
0.0320
0.0319
0.0317
0.0311
0.0291
0.0291
0.0291
0.0290
0.0289
0.0288
0.0287
0.0285
1996-97
0.0283
0.0281
0.0273
0.0262
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0248
0.0247
0.0247
1997-98
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0235
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0224
1998-991
0.0216
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0206
0.0193
1998-992
0.0216
0.0200
0.0200
0.0198
0.0197
0.0200
0.0201
0.0200
0.0200
0.0198
0.0196
0.0193
1999-00
0.0194
0.0194
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0192
2000-01
0.0190
0.0185
0.0178
0.0172
0.0175
0.0172
0.0169
0.0168
0.0165
0.0164
0.0162
0.0158
2001-02
0.0156
0.0156
0.0156
0.0161
0.0164
0.0165
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
2002-03
0.0167
0.0168
0.0169
0.0169
0.0171
0.0171
0.0172
0.0172
0.0173
0.0173
0.0173
0.0173
2003-04
0.0173
0.0173
0.0173
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0173
0.0173
2004-05
0.0172
0.0170
0.0170
0.0167
0.0167
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
2005-06
0.0168
0.0168
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0166
0.0166
2006-07
0.0166
0.0166
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0164
0.0164
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
2007-08
0.0166
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0164
0.0163
0.0160
0.0160
0.0159
0.0157
0.0148
0.0149
2008-09
0.0142
0.0135
0.0130
0.0124
0.0125
0.0127
0.0126
0.0126
0.0125
0.0124
0.0124
0.0124
2009-10
0.0122
0.0121
0.0121
0.0120
0.0120
0.0119
0.0118
0.0118
0.0119
0.0119
0.0119
0.0117
2010-11
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0116
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0118
0.0117
0.0117
2011-12
0.0116
0.0115
0.0114
0.0115
0.0115
0.0112
0.0111
0.0110
0.0110
0.0110
0.0110
0.0106
2012-13
0.0106
0.0106
0.0106
0.0105
0.0104
0.0103
0.0103
0.0102
Notes: (i)Pak-rupee remained linked to Pound Sterling till September, 1971 and subsequently to U.S. Dollar till January, 1982.
(ii)Managed floating exchange rate system was adopted w.e.f. January 8, 1982 under which the value of the rupee was determined on daily basis,
with reference to a basket of currencies of Pakistans major trading partners and competitors.
(iii) After nuclear detonation by Pakistan in 1998, a two-tier exchange rate system i.e. 1official exchange rate and 2floating interbank exchange rate
was introduced w.e.f. 22nd July 1998.
(iv) However, effective from 19th May 1999, the exchange rate has been unified, with the introduction of market-based floating exchange rate system,
under which the exchange rate is determined by the demand and supply positions in the foreign exchange market. Now, Pakistan is maintaining
floating rate, wherein each bank quotes its own exchange rates depending on its short and long position.

STATISTICS AND DWH DEPARTMENT


MONTH END FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE
(Pak Rupees Per US $)
Spot
Spot
Buying Selling Average
Parity/Official
Aug 1947 to July-55
3.3085
Exchange Rate
Aug-55 to April-72
4.7619
4.7775
4.7697
May-72 to Jan-73
11.0000 11.0156 11.0078
Feb-73 to Dec-81
9.9000
9.9156
9.9078
Period

Month
JUL
AUG
SEP
OCT
NOV
DEC
JAN
FEB
MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
1981-82
9.9078
9.9078
9.9078
9.9078
9.9078
9.9078 10.4378 10.9278 11.4678 11.6178 11.7278 12.2078
1982-83
12.1578 12.3378 12.4278 12.7278 12.4278 12.8478 12.9078 12.8078 12.9878 12.9078 12.9078 13.1778
1983-84
13.3078 13.4078 13.4078 13.2378 13.2378 13.5078 13.6578 13.4078 13.4078 13.6178 13.8978 13.9878
1984-85
14.1378 14.0578 14.3278 14.7478 14.9678 15.3678 15.5078 16.0278 15.9078 16.0078 16.0078 16.0078
1985-86
16.0078 15.9078 16.0578 15.9878 15.9878 15.9878 15.9878 15.9878 15.9878 16.2678 16.8878 16.8278
1986-87
16.9078 16.9578 17.0078 17.1078 17.2578 17.2578 17.2578 17.2578 17.3078 17.3433 17.3433 17.3934
1987-88
17.5438 17.5638 17.5638 17.5739 17.5438 17.4937 17.5438 17.5939 17.6440 17.6440 17.7443 18.0450
1988-89
18.1954 18.3458 18.3959 18.5964 18.7468 18.6967 19.1478 19.3483 19.7994 20.2004 21.1528 21.1528
1989-90
21.1027 21.1027 21.1227 21.2430 21.4034 21.4736 21.4736 21.4736 21.5738 21.9147 21.9548 21.8445
1990-91
21.7743 21.7944 21.7944 21.9047 21.9047 21.9548 22.2054 22.2054 23.0074 23.5588 23.8595 24.3608
1991-92
24.7117 24.7618 24.6615 24.7417 24.7818 24.7818 24.7117 24.7417 25.0425 25.1127 25.1627 25.1929
1992-93
25.1929 25.1427 25.1427 25.3132 25.6340 25.7643 26.0650 26.3157 26.7167 26.7668 27.0074 27.2279
1993-94
29.9247 29.9247 29.9247 30.1252 30.1252 30.1953 30.3350 30.5462 30.5783 30.6265 30.7267 30.6866
1994-95
30.6665 30.6665 30.7267 30.7287 30.7768 30.8770 30.9372 30.9572 30.9572 30.9372 31.0475 31.0876
1995-96
31.2680 31.3983 31.6290 34.3357 34.3357 34.3357 34.3357 34.4359 34.6063 34.8370 34.9171 35.1878
1996-97
35.4083 35.7091 37.0625 40.2203 40.2203 40.2203 40.2203 40.2203 40.2203 40.3406 40.4910 40.5612
1997-98
40.6213 40.6213 40.6213 44.1602 44.1602 44.1602 44.1602 44.1602 44.2636 44.1482 44.3397 46.2376
1998-99
46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 46.1150 51.8977 51.5606
1999-00
51.3714 51.7489 51.7429 51.7526 51.7751 51.7598 51.7689 51.7976 51.7907 51.7911 51.7986 52.1594
2000-01
53.3671 54.8328 58.3843 57.4361 57.9818 57.9863 59.2740 60.3504 60.8150 61.2409 63.2377 64.0891
2001-02
64.1463 64.0621 64.0595 61.5024 60.8898 60.0974 60.2531 60.1286 60.0915 60.1138 60.1504 60.0729
2002-03
59.5582 59.3624 59.1895 58.9305 58.3526 58.3724 58.1756 58.1067 57.8265 57.7850 57.6292 57.8090
2003-04
57.7571 57.7485 57.8827 57.4224 57.2277 57.4391 57.4200 57.3479 57.5056 57.4736 57.7016 58.1566
2004-05
58.4589 58.7235 59.2174 61.2999 59.7648 59.4485 59.3219 59.3365 59.3763 59.4447 59.5653 59.6738
2005-06
59.6199 59.6738 59.6980 59.6929 59.7479 59.7770 59.8368 59.8587 59.9609 60.0212 60.2018 60.1765
2006-07
60.3342 60.3864 60.5465 60.6042 60.8200 60.8855 60.7347 60.6875 60.7090 60.6819 60.7228 60.4381
2007-08
60.4057 60.6792 60.6808 60.6840 61.1299 61.5210 62.5805 62.4866 62.7166 64.4809 66.5818 68.1684
2008-09
71.3846 76.0690 77.9885 81.5358 78.6861 78.9692 78.8669 79.7831 80.3200 80.3971 80.8551 81.2551
2009-10
83.0582 82.9601 83.0951 83.5793 83.4471 84.1449 84.7482 84.9749 84.0846 83.9501 85.0390 85.3343
2010-11
85.5435 85.5732 86.1646 85.8074 85.7387 85.6601 85.6603 85.5756 85.2411 84.5938 85.7826 85.9411
2011-12
86.4450 87.1438 87.4086 86.5605 88.2580 89.8489 90.2577 90.8474 90.6096 90.8376 93.5151 94.4204
2012-13
94.6196 94.5225 94.7960 95.7907 96.5001 97.1119 97.6363 98.0940
Notes: (i)Pak-rupee remained linked to Pound Sterling till September, 1971 and subsequently to U.S. Dollar till January, 1982.
(ii)Managed floating exchange rate system was adopted w.e.f. January 8, 1982 under which the value of the rupee was determined
on daily basis, with reference to a basket of currencies of Pakistans major trading partners and competitors.
(iii) After nuclear detonation by Pakistan in 1998, a two-tier exchange rate system was introduced w.e.f. 22nd July 1998.
(iv) However, effective from 19th May 1999, the exchange rate has been unified, with the introduction of market-based floating exchange rate system,
under which the exchange rate is determined by the demand and supply positions in the foreign exchange market. Now, Pakistan is maintaining
floating rate, wherein each bank quotes its own exchange rates depending on its short and long position.

Contact Person: Mr. Muhammad Jaweed Akhtar, Sr.Joint Director


e-mail:
muhammad.jaweed@sbp.org.pk

Contact Number: 021-99221571


for feedback:
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STATISTICS AND DWH DEPARTMENT


MONTH END FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE
( US $ Per Pak Rupees )
Period
Aug 1947 to July-55
Aug-55 to April-72
May-72 to Jan-73
Feb-73 to Dec-81

Spot
Spot
Buying Selling Average
Parity/Official
0.3022
Exchange 0.2093
Rate
0.2100
0.2097
0.0909
0.0908
0.0908
0.1010
0.1009
0.1009

Month
JUL
AUG
SEP
OCT
NOV
DEC
JAN
FEB
MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
1981-82
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.1009
0.0958
0.0915
0.0872
0.0861
0.0853
0.0819
1982-83
0.0823
0.0811
0.0805
0.0786
0.0805
0.0778
0.0775
0.0781
0.0770
0.0775
0.0775
0.0759
1983-84
0.0751
0.0746
0.0746
0.0755
0.0755
0.0740
0.0732
0.0746
0.0746
0.0734
0.0720
0.0715
1984-85
0.0707
0.0711
0.0698
0.0678
0.0668
0.0651
0.0645
0.0624
0.0629
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
1985-86
0.0625
0.0629
0.0623
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0625
0.0615
0.0592
0.0594
1986-87
0.0591
0.0590
0.0588
0.0585
0.0579
0.0579
0.0579
0.0579
0.0578
0.0577
0.0577
0.0575
1987-88
0.0570
0.0569
0.0569
0.0569
0.0570
0.0572
0.0570
0.0568
0.0567
0.0567
0.0564
0.0554
1988-89
0.0550
0.0545
0.0544
0.0538
0.0533
0.0535
0.0522
0.0517
0.0505
0.0495
0.0473
0.0473
1989-90
0.0474
0.0474
0.0473
0.0471
0.0467
0.0466
0.0466
0.0466
0.0464
0.0456
0.0455
0.0458
1990-91
0.0459
0.0459
0.0459
0.0457
0.0457
0.0455
0.0450
0.0450
0.0435
0.0424
0.0419
0.0410
1991-92
0.0405
0.0404
0.0405
0.0404
0.0404
0.0404
0.0405
0.0404
0.0399
0.0398
0.0397
0.0397
1992-93
0.0397
0.0398
0.0398
0.0395
0.0390
0.0388
0.0384
0.0380
0.0374
0.0374
0.0370
0.0367
1993-94
0.0334
0.0334
0.0334
0.0332
0.0332
0.0331
0.0330
0.0327
0.0327
0.0327
0.0325
0.0326
1994-95
0.0326
0.0326
0.0325
0.0325
0.0325
0.0324
0.0323
0.0323
0.0323
0.0323
0.0322
0.0322
1995-96
0.0320
0.0318
0.0316
0.0291
0.0291
0.0291
0.0291
0.0290
0.0289
0.0287
0.0286
0.0284
1996-97
0.0282
0.0280
0.0270
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0249
0.0248
0.0247
0.0247
1997-98
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0226
0.0227
0.0226
0.0216
1998-99
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0217
0.0193
0.0194
1999-00
0.0195
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0193
0.0192
2000-01
0.0187
0.0182
0.0171
0.0174
0.0172
0.0172
0.0169
0.0166
0.0164
0.0163
0.0158
0.0156
2001-02
0.0156
0.0156
0.0156
0.0163
0.0164
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
0.0166
2002-03
0.0168
0.0168
0.0169
0.0170
0.0171
0.0171
0.0172
0.0172
0.0173
0.0173
0.0174
0.0173
2003-04
0.0173
0.0173
0.0173
0.0174
0.0175
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0174
0.0173
0.0172
2004-05
0.0171
0.0170
0.0169
0.0163
0.0167
0.0168
0.0169
0.0169
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
2005-06
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0168
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0167
0.0166
0.0166
2006-07
0.0166
0.0166
0.0165
0.0165
0.0164
0.0164
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
2007-08
0.0166
0.0165
0.0165
0.0165
0.0164
0.0163
0.0160
0.0160
0.0159
0.0155
0.0150
0.0147
2008-09
0.0140
0.0131
0.0128
0.0123
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0125
0.0125
0.0124
0.0124
0.0123
2009-10
0.0120
0.0121
0.0120
0.0120
0.0120
0.0119
0.0118
0.0118
0.0119
0.0119
0.0118
0.0117
2010-11
0.0117
0.0117
0.0116
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0117
0.0118
0.0117
0.0116
2011-12
0.0116
0.0115
0.0114
0.0116
0.0113
0.0111
0.0111
0.0110
0.0110
0.0110
0.0107
0.0106
2012-13
0.0106
0.0106
0.0105
0.0104
0.0104
0.0103
0.0102
0.0102
Notes: (i)Pak-rupee remained linked to Pound Sterling till September, 1971 and subsequently to U.S. Dollar till January, 1982.
(ii)Managed floating exchange rate system was adopted w.e.f. January 8, 1982 under which the value of the rupee was determined
on daily basis, with reference to a basket of currencies of Pakistans major trading partners and competitors.
(iii) After nuclear detonation by Pakistan in 1998, a two-tier exchange rate system was introduced w.e.f. 22nd July 1998.
(iv) However, effective from 19th May 1999, the exchange rate has been unified, with the introduction of market-based floating exchange rate system,
under which the exchange rate is determined by the demand and supply positions in the foreign exchange market. Now, Pakistan is maintaining
floating rate, wherein each bank quotes its own exchange rates depending on its short and long position.

Contact Person: Mr. Muhammad Jaweed Akhtar, Sr.Joint Director


e-mail:
muhammad.jaweed@sbp.org.pk
Contact Number: 021-99221571

for feedback:

http://www.sbp.org.pk/stats/survey/index.asp