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Hortatory Exposition

Purpose: To persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done. Definition :

Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done. To strengthen the explanation, the speaker or writer needs some arguments as the fundamental reasons of the given idea. In other words, this kind of text can be called as argumentation. Hortatory exposition text can be found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc.

Generic Structure: 1. Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern 2. Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation 3. Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given arguments Language features: 1. Using Simple Present Tense 2. Using modals 3. Using action verbs 4. Using thinking verbs 5. Using adverbs 6. Using adjective 7. Using technical terms 8. Using general and abstract noun 9. Using connectives/transition

The examples of Hortatory Exposition: Watching TV Thesis: Is it important to know what the kids are watching? Of course it is. Television can expose the children to thinks that you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, drug abuse, etc. Argument 1: One study demonstrated that watching too much TV during the day or at bedtime often causes bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay and anxiety around sleep, followed by shortened sleep duration. Argument 2: Another study found a significant association between the amount of time spent watching television during adolescence and early adulthood, and the like hood of subsequent aggressive acts against others. Argument 3: Meanwhile, many studies have found an association between kids watching a lot of TV, being inactive and overweight. Recommendation: Considering some facts above, protect your children with some following tips: First, limit television viewing to 1-2 hours each day, second, do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms, third, review the ratings of TV shows that your children watch, and the last is watch television with your children and discuss what is happening during the show. Those things are significantly decrease the influence of the TV to the children.

Apakah penting untuk kita mengetahui apa yag anak-anak sedang tonton? Tentu saja iya! TV bisa membuat anak-anak berfikir bahwa kalian sedang mencoba menjaga mereka dari kekerasan pengaruh obat-obatan dan lain-lain Salah satu studi memperlihatkan bahwa menonton TV terlalu lama. Selama satu hari atau pada saat waktu tidur dapat mengakibatkan terganggunyaa waktu tidur, keterlambatan waktu tidur atau kegelisahan dalam tidur, diikuti dengan makin pendeknya waktu tidur.

Studi lain menemukan sebuah pendapat yang signifikan antara jumlah waktu yang dihabiskan untuk menonton TV pada masa remaja dan dewasa awal, dan seperti memegang suatu tindakan agresif terhadap orang lain

Sedangkan, banyak studi telah menemukan pendapat antara anak-anak yang sering menonton TV, menjadi tidak aktif dan kelebihan berat badan

Berdasarkan beberapa fakta diatas, lindungi anak-anak kalian dengan mengikuti tips berikut: pertama, batasi waktu menonton TV menjadi 1 sampai 2 jam setiap hari, kedua, jangan biarkan anak-anak kalian memiliki TV di kamar tidurnya, ketiga, tinjau kembali acara TV yang anak anda tonton, dan terakhir tontonlah TV bersama anak-anak dan diskusikan apa yang terjadi selama acara. Hal-hal itu akan mengurangi pengaruh TV kepada anak-anak.