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Review package

Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. ____ ____ 1. A precipitate forms when the ion product for the precipitate exceeds the Ksp. _________________________ 2. In a saturated solution of cobalt(II) hydroxide, the quantity of cobalt(II) ion is double the quantity of hydroxide ion. __________________________________________________ 3. The Kb expression for SO42- ion is Kb = [HSO42-][OH1-] / [SO42-]. _________________________ 4. The Ka expression for H2PO41- is Ka = [OH1-][H3PO4] / [H2PO41-] _________________________

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Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 5. When solid lead(II) phosphate is in equilibrium with its ions, the ratio of lead(II) ions to phosphate ions is which of the following? a. 1:1 d. 2:3 b. 1:2 e. 3:2 c. 2:1 6. In a saturated solution of lead(II) chloride, the concentration of chloride ion is 6.2 10-4 mol/L. The Ksp of lead(II) chloride would be which of the following? a. 1.9 10-7 d. 2.3 10-17 -11 b. 6.0 10 e. none of the above -10 c. 1.2 10 7. In a saturated solution of aluminum hydroxide, the concentration of aluminum ion is 2.4 10-8 mol/L. The Ksp of aluminum hydroxide would be which of the following? a. 1.7 10-15 d. 9.0 10-30 -23 b. 4.2 10 e. none of the above -30 c. 1.0 10 8. In a saturated solution of Al(OH)3 the concentration of OH1- is 2.6 10-5 mol/L. The concentration of Al3+ in mol/L is which of the following? a. 2.6 10-5 d. 7.8 10-5 -5 b. 5.2 10 e. 8.7 10-4 -15 c. 7.8 10 9. A concentrated weak acid is best described as which of the following? a. a solution with a low pH b. a solution where the concentration of undissociated acid particles is low compared to the concentration of hydronium ions c. a solution where the concentration of hydronium ions is large compared to the concentration of undissociated acid particles d. a solution with a high pH e. a solution where the concentration of undissociated acid particles is high and the relative

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quantity of hydronium ions is small ____ 10. A precipitate of zinc hydroxide sits at the bottom of a test tube of distilled water. If the Ksp of this substance is 3.0 10-16 the [Zn] in this solution in mol/L is which of the following? a. 8.4 10-6 d. 2.4 10-8 -6 b. 4.2 10 e. 7.5 10-17 c. 1.2 10-8 ____ 11. The Ksp expression for Al(OH)3 is Ksp = a. 3[Al][OH1-] b. 3[Al][OH] c. 3[Al][OH1-]3 d. 1/3[Al][OH1-]3 e. [Al][OH1-]3

____ 12. Which of the following salts act like bases when applied to the soil? a. NaHSO4 d. LiNO3 b. KNO2 e. KClO4 c. CaCl2 ____ 13. Which of the following salts do not act like bases when applied to the soil? a. NaH2PO3 d. K2SO3 b. KFO4 e. LiNO2 c. BeI2 ____ 14. If a pH meter was placed in a 1.4 mol/L solution of nitric acid the reading would be which of the following? a. 1.4 d. 0.15 b. 14.15 e. 0.0 c. 0.15 ____ 15. The Kb for four bases are CN1- = 1.6 10-5, CO32- = 2.1 10-4, NH3 = 1.8 10-5, F1- = 1.5 10-11. If the pH's of 0.50 mol/L solutions of each of these weak bases were measured and they were placed in order from highest pH to lowest the result would be which of the following? a. CN1-, CO32-, NH3, F1d. CO32-,CN1-,NH3, F1211b. CO3 ,NH3, CN , F e. none of the above c. F1-, CN1-,NH3,CO32____ 16. Kw is which of the following? a. the equilibrium constant for water which is always 1.0 10-14 b. Ka Kb for conjugate acid - base partners @ 25oC c. the log[H2O] @ 25oC d. both a and c e. none of the above ____ 17. A solution of nitrous acid has a pH of 2.45. The [H1+] in mol/L and pOH must be respectively a. 3.5 10-3, 11.55 d. 2.8 10-12, 12 -3 b. 3.6 10 , 11.55 e. 3.8 10-3, 12.55 -12 c. 2.8 10 , 11.6 ____ 18. If the Ka of a weak acid is 1.6 10-8, the Kb of its conjugate base partner must be which of the following? a. 6.20 d. 6.3 10-7 b. 1.0 10-14 e. 7.80 c. 6.8 10-7

____ 19. Which of the following is not totally dissociated when mixed with water? a. HCl d. HF b. HBr e. HNO3 c. HI Matching Here is a list of weak acids. Match to its conjugate base partner below. If no match exists indicate by writing none. a. H2O d. HPO42b. HSO41e. H2CO3 c. HC2H3O2 f. H2C6H6O6 ____ 20. C2H3O21____ 21. SO42____ 22. HC6H6O61____ 23. PO43____ 24. OH1____ 25. HCO31Short Answer 26. How does aluminium chloride modify the pH of soils/ solutions. Be specific in your answer. 27. Write the equilibrium expression for acetic acid, (HC2H3O2). 28. If the [H1+] of a solution at 25oC is 4.9 10-4 mol/L, calculate the [OH1-] in mol/L, the pH and the pOH. 29. Show why Ka Kb = Kw for this pair of conjugate acid - base partners: HC2H3O2 and C2H3O21Problem 30. If the solubility of AgC2H3O2 is 5.0 10-2 mol/L, what is its Ksp? 31. If the solubility of CaF2 is 2.3 10-4 mol/L, what is its Ksp? 32. If the concentration of Pb2+ is found to be 2.3 10-9 mol/L in a saturated solution of Pb3(PO4)2, what is the Ksp of Pb3(PO4)2 ? 33. If 12 L of a saturated solution of PbSO4 is found to contain 0.46 g of PbSO4, what is the Ksp of PbSO4 34. What mass of Mg(OH)2 would be found in 7.6 102 mL of a saturated solution of Mg(OH)2 if the Ksp of Mg(OH)2 is 9.0 10-12?

35. What is the solubility, in mol/L, of AgC2H3O2 in a 0.45 mol/L solution of AgNO3 if the Ksp of AgC2H3O2 is 2.5 10-3? 36. What is the concentration of a monoprotic weak acid if its pH is 5.50 and its Ka = 5.7 10-10? 37. A weak base with a concentration of 1.3 mol/L has a percent ionization of 0.72%. What is the Kb of this weak base? 38. What is the pH of a 1.24 mol/L solution of HCN(aq) if its Ka = 6.2 10-10? 39. If the Ka of a 0.034 mol/L solution of a weak acid is 7.7 10-7, what is its percent ionization?