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ESTUDIO DE REDES DE TUBERIA

(METODO DE HARDY CROSS)


SOLUCION
PROBLEMA N 01
Determinar por el mtodo de Hardy Cross, los caudales que circulan por cada tubera, coeficiente de
Hazen y Williams es 100 para todos los tubos.

50 lt/seg

0m

8"
,7
00
m

6", 500m

0
,5
"
8

6"
,6
00
m

0
,6
"
8

0m

SOLUCION:

2
lt
35

50 lt/seg

/s

25
lt/s

10 lt/s

1
15
lt/s

4
lt
25

50 lt/seg

/s

1ra ITERACION
Tubo
1-2
2-3
1-3

D(pulg)
8
6
6

L(km)
CH
0.5
100
0.5
100
0.6
100

Tubo
2-4
2-3
3-4

D(pulg)
8
6
8

L(km)
CH
0.7
100
0.5
100
0.6
100

CIRCUITO I
Qo
hfo (m)
+35
+5.109
+10
+2.037
-15
-5.175
= +1.970
CIRCUITO II
Qo
hfo (m)
+25
+3.838
-10
-2.037
-25
-3.29
= -1.489

hfo/Qo
0.146
0.204
0.345
= 0.695

Q
-1.533
-1.533-1.6546
-1.533

Q1 = Qo + Q
33.467
10.113
-16.533

hfo/Qo
0.154
0.204
0.132
= 0.489

Q
+1.6546
+1.6546+1.533
+1.6546

Q1 = Qo + Q
26.646
-9.887
-23.354

2da ITERACION
Tubo
1-2
2-3
1-3

Tubo
2-4
2-3
3-4

D(pulg)
8
6
6

D(pulg)
8
6
8

L(km)
CH
0.5
100
0.5
100
0.6
100

CIRCUITO I
Q1
hf1 (m)
hf1/Q1
+33.65 +4.702
0.141
+7.00 +2.08
0.206
-16.35 -6.196
0.375
= -0.586
= 0.721

L(km)
CH
0.7
100
0.5
100
0.6
100

CIRCUITO II
Q1
hf1 (m)
+26.65 +4.2
-7.0
-1.05
-23.35 -2.87
= +0.28

hf1/Q1
0.16
0.15
0.12
= 0.43

L(km)
CH
0.5
100
0.5
100
0.6
100

CIRCUITO I
Q2
hf2 (m)
+33.2 +4.54
+7.52 +1.20
-16.18 -5.75
= -0.01

hf2/Q2
0.13
0.16
0.35
= 0.64

Q
+0.17
+0.17+0.35
+0.17

Q
-0.35
-0.35-0.17
-0.35

Q2 = Q1 + Q
33.82
7.52
-16.18

Q2 = Q1 + Q
26.30
-7.52
-23.70

3ra ITERACION
Tubo
1-2
2-3
1-3

D(pulg)
8
6
6

Q
+0.008
+0.008-0.046
+0.008

Q3 = Q2 + Q
33.21
7.48
-16.18

Q
+0.046
+0.046-0.008
+0.046

Q3 = Q2 + Q
26.35
-7.48
-23.65

Q2-4 = 26.35lt/s

Q3-4 = 23.65 lt/s

CIRCUITO II
Q2
hf2 (m)
hf2/Q2
+26.30 +4.1
0.15
-7.52
-1.20
0.16
-23.7
-2.92
0.12
= -0.02
= 0.43
Error = Q*100/Q = 0.008*100/16.17= 0.00005% < 1% OKEY

Tubo
2-4
2-3
3-4

D(pulg)
8
6
8

L(km)
CH
0.7
100
0.5
100
0.6
100

Error = Q*100/Q = 0.046*100/23.65 = 0.002% < 1% OKEY


Q1-2 = 33.21 lt/s

Q2-3 = 7.48 lt/s

Q1-3 = 16.17 lt/s

2
25l
t /s

lt/s
35

50 lt/seg

10lt/s

1
15l
t/s

4
lt/s
5
2

50 lt/seg

t/
20 l

8", 2000m
C = 100

8", 1200m
C = 100

10", 1500m
C = 100

10", 2000m
C = 120

25 lt/seg

25 lt/seg

10", 1500m
C = 100

seg

10", 1200m
C = 120

14", 2000m
C = 100

25
lt/s
e

C = 100
12", 1500m

t/seg
20 l

C = 100
16", 1500m

12", 1200m
C = 100

seg
5 lt/

C = 100
10", 1500m

17
0l

t/se

PROBLEMA N 02
Determinar por el mtodo de Hardy Cross los caudales que circulan por cada uno de los ramales de la
red de tuberas mostradas.

17 lt/seg

II

eg

15lt/s

lt/seg

25lt/s

lt/s

20lt/s

III

eg

8
lt/s

/seg
t
l
0

25

35lt/s

/seg
t
l
0

25lt/s

25 lt/seg

4 25

23

55lt/s

30lt/s

6
2

17

45lt/s

70lt/s

30lt/s

15

eg
lt/s

0l
t/s
eg

SOLUCION:

8lt/s

7 17 lt/seg

1ra ITERACION
Tubo
1-2
2-6
6-5
1-5

Tubo
1-3
3-4
4-5
1-5

Tubo
6-5
6-9
9-8
8-7
7-4
4-5

D(pulg)
12
10
10
16

D(pulg)
14
10
10
16

D(pulg)
10
12
8
8
10
10

L(km)
1.2
1.5
1.2
1.5

L(km)
2.0
1.5
2.0
1.5

L(km)
1.2
1.5
1.2
2.0
1.5
2.0

CIRCUITO I
hfo (m)
- 2.64
-3.45
+1.56
+1.27
= -3.26

CH
100
100
120
100

Qo
-45
-30
+25
+70

hfo/Qo
0.0586
0.1150
0.0623
0.0182
= 0.2541

Q
+ 6.95
+ 6.95
+6.95-0.525
+6.95+5.64

Q1 = Qo + Q
-38.05
-23.05
+31.425
+82.59

CH
100
100
120
100

CIRCUITO II
Qo
hfo (m)
+55
+3.00
+30
+3.45
-20
-1.66
-70
-1.88
= +2.91

hfo/Qo
0.0545
0.1150
0.0830
0.0268
= 0.2973

Q
-5.64
-5.64
-5.64-0.525
-5.64-6.95

Q1 = Qo + Q
+49.366
+24.36
- 26.165
- 82.59

CH
120
100
100
100
100
120

CIRCUITO III
Qo
hfo (m)
hfo/Qo
-25
-1.56
0.0623
-35
-2.1
0.06
-15
-2.51
0.1676
+8
+1.3
0.1624
+25
+2.55
0.1020
+20
+1.7
0.0850
= +0.62
= 0.6393

Q
0.525-6.95
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525+5.64

Q1 = Qo + Q
-31.425
-34.475
-14.475
8.525
+25.525
+26.165

CH
100
100
120
100

CIRCUITO I
Q1
hf1 (m)
-38.05 -1.92
-23.05 -2.25
+31.42 +2.28
+82.59 +2.40
= +0.51

Q
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1+0.156
-1.1-0.76

Q2 = Q1 + Q
-39.15
-24.15
+30.48
+80.73

CH
100
100
120
100

CIRCUITO II
Q1
hf1 (m)
hf1/Q1
+49.36 +2.4
0.0545
+24.36 +2.4
0.1150
-26.16 -2.8
0.0830
-82.59 -2.4
0.0268
= -0.4
= 0.2835

Q
+0.76
+0.76
+0.76+0.156
+0.76+1.1

Q2 = Q1 + Q
+50.12
+25.12
-25.249
-80.76

2da ITERACION
Tubo
1-2
2-6
6-5
1-5

D(pulg)
12
10
10
16

L(km)
1.2
1.5
1.2
1.5

Tubo
1-3
3-4
4-5
1-5

D(pulg)
14
10
10
16

L(km)
2.0
1.5
2.0
1.5

hf1/Q1
0.0505
0.0978
0.0735
0.0291
= 0.2509

Tubo
6-5
6-9
9-8
8-7
7-4
4-5

D(pulg)
10
12
8
8
10
10

L(km)
1.2
1.5
1.2
2.0
1.5
2.0

CH
120
100
100
100
100
120

CIRCUITO III
Q1
hf1 (m)
Hf1/Q1
-31.42 -2.28
0.0725
-34.47 -2.025
0.0589
-14.47 -2.4
0.1656
+8.52 +1.4
0.1640
+25.52 +2.7
0.1060
+26.16 +2.8
0.1073
= +0.195
= 0.6743

CH
100
100
120
100

CIRCUITO I
Q2
hf2 (m)
-39.15 -2.1
-24.15 -2.40
+31.48 +2.10
+80.73 +2.33
= -0.07

Q
-0.156+1.1
-0.156
-0.156
-0.156
-0.156
-0.156-0.76

Q2 = Q1 + Q
-30.481
-34.631
-14.631
+8.369
+25.369
+25.249

Q
+0.15
+0.15
+0.15+0.025
+0.15+0.425

Q3 = Q2 + Q
-39.00
-24.00
+30.656
+81.305

Q
-0.425
-0.425
-0.425+0.025
-0.425-0.15

Q3 = Q2 + Q
+49.695
+24.695
-25.649
-81.305

Q
-0.025-0.15
-0.025
-0.025
-0.025
-0.025
-0.025+0.42

Q3 = Q2 + Q
-30.656
-34.656
-14.656
+8.344
+25.344
+25.649

3ra ITERACION
Tubo
1-2
2-6
6-5
1-5

Tubo
1-3
3-4
4-5
1-5

Tubo
6-5
6-9
9-8
8-7
7-4
4-5

D(pulg)
12
10
10
16

D(pulg)
14
10
10
16

D(pulg)
10
12
8
8
10
10

L(km)
1.2
1.5
1.2
1.5

L(km)
2.0
1.5
2.0
1.5

L(km)
1.2
1.5
1.2
2.0
1.5
2.0

CH
100
100
120
100

CH
120
100
100
100
100
120

hf2/Q2
0.0538
0.0997
0.0690
0.0290
= 0.2515

CIRCUITO II
Q2
hf2 (m)
hf2/Q2
+50.12
+2.5
0.050
+25.12
+2.55
0.1010
-25.249 -2.5
0.0990
-80.73
-2.33
0.0290
= -0.22
= 0.2790
CIRCUITO III
Q2
hf2 (m)
hf2/Q2
-30.481 -2.10
0.0725
-34.631 -2.10
0.0589
-14.631 -2.22
0.1656
+8.369
+1.4
0.1640
+25.369 +2.55
0.1060
+25.249 +2.5
0.1073
= +0.03
= 0.6482

Como: Q < 1% Q3 los caudales Q3 en cada tramo son:


Q1-2 = 39l/s

Q2-6 = 24l/s

Q6-5 = 30.656l/s

Q1-5 = 81.305l/s

Q1-3 = 49.695l/s

Q3-4 = 24.695l/s

Q4-5 = 25.649l/s

Q6-9 = 34.656l/s

Q9-8 = 14.655l/s

Q8-7 = 8.344l/s

Q7-4 = 25.344l/s