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# Teacher: Mr. B.

## Properties of Waves Worksheet I

*Attempt all questions given. Give it your best shot and remember practice makes Physics Perfect (y)!!

1. Calculate the wavelength of the stationary wave in a guitar string of length 0.84m when it is caused to vibrate: a) in its fundamental mode b) in second overtone mode. In each case, draw a diagram to show the appearance of the string. C ) For the fundamental mode, calculate the velocity of the wave along the wire if the note emitted is middle C (262Hz).

2. The intensity of an earthquake wave passing through the Earth is measured to be 2.0 x 106Js/m2 at a distance of 48km from the source. a) What was the intensity when it passed a point only 1.0km from the source? b) At what rate did energy pass through an area of 5.0m2 at 1.0km? 3. A violin string vibrates at 294Hz naturally. At what frequency will it vibrate if it is plucked one-third of the way down the end? (That is, only two-thirds of the string vibrates as a standing wave.) 4. A guitar string is 90cm long and has a mass of 3.6g. The distance from the bridge to the support post is L = 62cm and the string is under tension of 520N. What are the frequencies of the fundamental and first two overtones? 5. A string is stretched between two fixed supports 0.700 m apart and the tension is adjusted until the fundamental frequency of the string is concert A, 440 Hz . What is the speed of transverse waves on the string? (616 m/s)

Picture: The wave speed equals the frequency times the wavelength. For a string fixed at both ends, in the fundamental mode there is a single antinode in the middle of the string. Thus, the length of the string equals one-half wave length. 6. If the speed of sound in air is 340 meters per second, Calculate: (i) The wavelength when the frequency is 256 Hz (ii) The frequency when the wavelength is 0.85m

7. State and explain two differences between progressive and stationary waves. A progressive and a stationary simple harmonic wave each have the same frequency of 250 Hz and the same velocity of 30 m s -1 . Calculate: (i) The phase difference between two vibrating points on the progressive wave which are 10cm apart. (5/3) (ii) The distance between nodes in the stationary wave.(0.06m) 8. A nylon guitar string has a linear density of 7.2g/m and is under a tension of 150N. The fixed supports are 90 cm apart. The string is oscillating in the standing wave pattern such that there 4nodes and two antinodes. Calculate the a ) speed, b) wavelength, and c) frequency of the traveling waves whose superposition gives this standing wave.

9. A 125cm length of string has a mass of 2.00g. It is stretched with a tension of 7.00N between fixed supports. (a) What is the wave speed of this string? (b) What is the lowest possible resonant frequency? 10. A wave travels along a rope of wavelength 1.80m with an angular frequency of 110 rad/s. Find (a) the frequency of the wave, (b) The period of the wave (c) The wave velocity. If the tension in the rope is 5N, (d) what is the linear density (mass per unit length) of the rope? 11. Mark shoots a flare into the air and sounds an alarm in a desperate attempt to find his best friend Rex. His wife Sue stands 5.0km away from the source and hears the sound at an intensity of 5.6 x 105 W/m2. Rex picks up the sound at an intensity of 2.4 x 105W/m2 and spots the flare in the air. How far would Rex have to run to reach Sue?

12. Derive the formula for a wave speed (v) on a string. (b)A vibrator is attached to one end of a string of length 5.0m, linear density = 2.3kg/m and tension 14N causing it to vibrate with a frequency of 4Hz. (i) Determine the wave speed and hence the wavelength of the string, (ii) Find the mass of the string and (iii) what is the frequency of the string when it is in its fundamental mode of vibration? ***Answers will be sent in an e-mail this weekend..