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NOx

NOx, CO

CO

()

NOX
CO
CO
NOXCO

6
1.5% 3%

NOX SOX

220

NOx (ppm)

200

180

160

140
2

10

O2(%)

88

(74~76)
(71.2~72.8)
(69.6~70)
(66~67.6)

86

Eff (%)

A3

NOX

NOX

84

82

80

78
2

10

O2 (%)

CO NOX
CO NOX

(Fuel Specification)
(Combustion Modification)
(Post-Combustion Treatment)

NOX
NOX NOX

W/O Emulsion
Fuel Oil

(W/O Emulsion)

NOX

30%

NOX
/

19.4%
38% 3%
21% 3.9%

NOX

(a)(Burner
Out of ServicesBOOS)(b)(Over Fire
AirOFA)(c)(Biased Firing)

(Combustion Technology Manual, IHEA, 1994)

OFA
NOX
4

The John Zink Combustion Handbook


Charles E. Baukal, Jr., Editor, 2001.

NOX

NOX

NOX

NOX
50~70%
10~30%

30~40%
NOX
(a)
NOX (b)

NOX(c)

NOX (d)

NOX

NOX
Borman, G.L. and Ragland, K.W., Combustion Engineering, 1998.
(Toquan, et al., 24th Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, pp.1391-1397, 1992)
6

(Burnout)
80%
10 20%

0 10%

Pacific Rim Technologies/


Reaction Engineering
International

10%
NOX 46
% 20%
NOX 58%

(Selective Catalytic
Reduction, SCR)(Selective NonCatalytic Reduction, SNCR)
NOX N2

SCR NH3H2CO

300~400
NH3
4NO + 4NH3 + O2

4N2 + 6H2O

3N2 + 6H2O
2NO2 + 4NH3 + O2
NOX


NH3 SCR
SCR
NH3 NH3

80~90% 10~20ppm NH3

SNCR

SNCR
NH2
NOX
NH3 + OH NH2 + H2O
NH2 + NO N2 + H2O
NH3 900~1,000NOX
40~65%SNCR
SCR

SNCR
Pacific Rim Technologies/Reaction Engineering International

NOX

////
8

z
z
z
z
z
z

z
NOX
z

z
z NH3 NO

N2 H2O
z SNCR

z
NO SO2
NO2
z
NO NO2
N2
z
NOX
NH3

(%)

10~30

20~40

30~50

z NOX

z CO
z
z
z

z
z

z
HCCO

z
z

5~15

70
40~60

z 9271027
z
z 250400

z NH3

z
z
z

z NOX SOX

50~60
90

80~85

90

CO

z FGD

0.3%

(Flue Gas
Desulfurization, FGD)

(CaSO4)(MgSO4)(Na2SO4)
FGD

FGD
(Slurry)
(Solution)

FGD

10

FGD
/
50%

FGD (Woodruff, E.B., et al., Steam-Plant Operation, 1984)

FGD

FGD 300

Power Generation Technology State-of-the-Art Review, Power, 1982


11

10% 8000mg/Nm3

(Cyclone Collector)(WetApproach Venturi Scrubber)(Electrostatic


Precipitator, ESP)(Bag Filterhouses)

90%

95%

Woodruff, E.B., et al.,


Steam-Plant Operation, 1984

Controlling Combustion & Pollution


in Industrial Plants, Power

12

Weighted-Wire Design

Rigid-Frame Design

Woodruff, E.B., et al., Steam-Plant Operation, 1984

99%
13

600F

Woodruff, E.B., et al.,


Steam-Plant Operation, 1984

Controlling Combustion & Pollution in Industrial Plants, Power.


14

Pulse-Jet

Reverse-Air
Shaker

Woodruff, E.B., et al., Steam-Plant Operation, 1984

Controlling Combustion & Pollution in Industrial Plants, Power.


15

(m)

(VOCs)

(1)
(2)(3)

16