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1.
1.

Latihan Soal Difusi Padatan

A sheet of steel 1, 5 mm thick has nitrogen atmospheres on both sides at

1200°C and is permitted to achieve a steady-state diffusion condition. The

diffusion coefficient for nitrogen in steel at this temperature is 6 x 10 -11 m 2 /s,

and the diffusion flux is found to be 1,2 x 10 -7 kg/m 2 s. Also, it is known that

the concentration of nitrogen in the steel at the high pressure surface is 4 kg/m 3 .

How far into the sheet from this high-pressure side will the concentration be 2,0

2.

1. Latihan Soal Difusi Padatan A sheet of steel 1, 5 mm thick has nitrogen atmospheres

kg/m 3 ? Assume a linear concentration profile.

Determine the carburizing time necessary to achieve a carbon concentration of

0.45 wt% at a position 2 mm into an ironcarbon alloy that initially contains

0.20 wt% C. The surface concentration is to be maintained at 1.30 wt% C, and

the . treatment is to be conducted at 1000C. (D 0 = 2,3 x 10 5 m 2 /s)

3.

At what temperature will the diffusion coefficient for the diffusion of copper in

nickel have a value of 6.5 10 -17 m 2 /s. Use the diffusion data (tabulasi data

4.

difusi).

The diffusion coefficients for iron in nickel are given at two temperatures:

T (K)

D (m 2 /s)

  • 1273 9.4 × 10 16

  • 1473 2.4 × 10 14

  • a. Determine the values of D 0 and the activation energy Q d .

  • b. What is the magnitude of D at 1100ºC (1373 K)?

Jawaban Latihan Soal

 
1. x D
1.
x
D

Gunakan rumus laju difusi steady state

 

A = 0 (pada permukaan)

 

C B

 

= 6 x 10 11 m 2 /s

 

=

J

D C x A A

 

C A = 4 kg/m 3

x B

 

C B = 2 kg/m 3

 C A C B    



J

J = 1,2 x 10 7 kg/m 2 .s

 

x B

=

x A

+

D

 
 

Jadi, x B = 1 mm

 

2.

Gunakan rumus laju difusi non steady state

 
C = 0,45 C = 0,20 C = 1,30 x = 2 mm = 2 

C x = 0,45

C 0 = 0,20

C s = 1,30

  • x = 2 mm = 2 10 -3 m

 

C x C 0

=

C s C 0

1

 x  erf   2 Dt  

x

erf   2 Dt  

erf  

 2 Dt =   1 0.2273 = 0.7727

x

C  C = C  C 1   x  erf   2

z = 0,854 (hasil interpolasi)

z

= 0.854

=

x 2 Dt
x
2
Dt

Jadi, t = 7.1 10 4 s = 19,7 h

3.
3.

Jawaban Latihan Soal

Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur

3. Jawaban Latihan Soal Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur D = 2,7  10

D 0 = 2,7 10 -5 m 2 /s

Q d = 256000 J/mol

D =6.5 10 -17 m 2 /s

Gunakan R = 8,31 J/mol.K

3. Jawaban Latihan Soal Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur D = 2,7  10

T =

Q d

R (ln D ln D 0 )

Jadi, T = 1152 K

4.

Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur

3. Jawaban Latihan Soal Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur D = 2,7  10

Q d = 252400 J/mol

Q d

= R ln D 1

1

ln D 2

D 0 = 2,2 x 10 -5 m 2 /s

  • 1 D (saat 1100°C) = 5,4 x 10 -15 m 2 /s

T 1

T 2

D 0

=



Q d

RT 1

D 1 exp  

