Latihan Soal Difusi Padatan
A sheet of steel 1, 5 mm thick has nitrogen atmospheres on both sides at
1200°C and is permitted to achieve a steadystate diffusion condition. The
diffusion coefficient for nitrogen in steel at this temperature is 6 x 10 ^{}^{1}^{1} m ^{2} /s,
and the diffusion flux is found to be 1,2 x 10 ^{}^{7} kg/m ^{2} s. Also, it is known that
the concentration of nitrogen in the steel at the high pressure surface is 4 kg/m ^{3} .
How far into the sheet from this highpressure side will the concentration be 2,0
2.
kg/m ^{3} ? Assume a linear concentration profile.
Determine the carburizing time necessary to achieve a carbon concentration of
0.45 wt% at a position 2 mm into an iron–carbon alloy that initially contains
0.20 wt% C. The surface concentration is to be maintained at 1.30 wt% C, and
the . treatment is to be conducted at 1000C. (D _{0} = 2,3 x 10 ^{–}^{5} m ^{2} /s)
3.
At what temperature will the diffusion coefficient for the diffusion of copper in
nickel have a value of 6.5 10 ^{}^{1}^{7} m ^{2} /s. Use the diffusion data (tabulasi data
4.
difusi).
The diffusion coefficients for iron in nickel are given at two temperatures:
Jawaban Latihan Soal



Gunakan rumus laju difusi steady state


_{A} = 0 (pada permukaan)


^{C} ^{B}


= 6 x 10 ^{–}^{1}^{1} m ^{2} /s


=

J
D ^{C} x _{A} ^{A} ^{}


C _{A} = 4 kg/m ^{3}

x _{B}


C _{B} = 2 kg/m ^{3}

C _{A} C _{B}
J

J = 1,2 x 10 ^{–}^{7} kg/m ^{2} .s


x _{B}
=

x _{A}

+

D



Jadi, x _{B} = 1 mm


2.

Gunakan rumus laju difusi non steady state



C _{x} = 0,45
C _{0} = 0,20
C _{s} = 1,30


C _{x} C _{0}
=
C _{s} C _{0}
1
x
erf 2 Dt
erf
2 Dt _{}_{}_{=} 1 0.2273 = 0.7727
x

z = 0,854 (hasil interpolasi)
z
= 0.854
=
Jadi, t = 7.1 10 ^{4} s = 19,7 h
Jawaban Latihan Soal
Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur
D _{0} = 2,7 10 ^{}^{5} m ^{2} /s
Q _{d} = 256000 J/mol
D =6.5 10 ^{}^{1}^{7} m ^{2} /s
Gunakan R = 8,31 J/mol.K
T =
^{Q} d
R (ln D ln D _{0} )
Jadi, T = 1152 K
4.
Gunakan rumus hubungan koefisien difusi dengan temperatur
Q _{d} = 252400 J/mol
Q d
= R ln D _{1}
1
ln D _{2}
D _{0} = 2,2 x 10 ^{}^{5} m ^{2} /s
^{T} 1
^{T} 2
D _{0}
=
^{Q} d
RT _{1}
D _{1} exp