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Implementing an Occupational Health and Safety Management System Based on OHSAS 18001:2007 Standard

October 24, 2012, 1:00 PM Session 2: Improving Safety and Health Outcomes Venue: 2nd floor, Training Room 2A
Engr. Robin C. Rubina Occupational Safety and Health Practitioner, Trainer, Consultant and President & CEO - Synerquest DOLE STO Accreditation No. 1030-071612-060 1

Once you get used of working in an environment that is unsafe, and you get used to working unsafe, then being unsafe is not unsafe to you anymore. It's just the norm.

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WHY DO PEOPLE BEHAVE UNSAFELY?

because they have never been hurt before while doing their job in an unsafe way: 'I've always done the job this way' being a familiar comment. 14

Domino Theory
1. Ancestry or social environment 2. Fault of person 3. Unsafe Act/mechanical or physical hazard 4. Accident

5. Injury W.H. Heinrich proposed a five-factor accident sequence in which each factor would actuate the next step in the manner of toppling dominoes lined up in a row.

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Energy Transfer Theory


Source of Energy Path Receiver

- Elimination - Changes to design and specification - Preventive maintenance

- Enclosure of the path - Installation of barriers - Installation of absorbers - Positioning of isolators

- Limitation of exposure - Use of PPE

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Causes of Accident

Person

Machine

Environment

I N T E R A C T I O N

ACCIDENT

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Multiple Causation Theory

BEHAVIORAL
Improper attitude Lack of knowledge Lack of skills Inadequate physical & mental condition Etc.

ENVIRONMENT
Improper guarding Degradation of equipment Etc.

= ACCIDENT

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Cost of Accident

VISIBLE
Damage to Machines

Medical Treatment Man Hours Lost Repairs

LESS VISIBLE
Damage to Tools Warranty Claims Late Charges Rush Deliveries Customer Dissatisfaction Rework Unnecessary Reports Miscommunication

Quality Problems Confusion Production Delays Lost Time Duplication of Effort Rejects Turf Battles Absenteeism Grievances Retraining Audit Costs Blaming & Fault Finding Surveillance Costs

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b[fTf OHSAS 18001:2007


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OH&S Management System Model

PLAN
Create Detailed Action PLAN

ACT
Those involved ACT on the revisions

DO
During and after its Execution (DO) the PLAN outcomes are examined

CHECK
This CHECK of outcomes against objectives leads to necessary revision

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Factors affecting the Safety Management System


Escalating risk Technology Insurance Globalization Risk tolerance Legislation Society values Government SAFETY Neighbors NGOs Corporate culture Customers/consumer Employee union Stakeholders

MANAGEMENT
Business competition

Corporate vision and Policy

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OH&S Management System in the Organization

Main elements
Policy Organizing Planning and implementation Evaluation Action for improvement

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Development of OHSAS 18000

BS 18000

OHSAS 18001

OHSAS 18002

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Reference Publication
OHSAS 18002:1999 Guidelines for implementation of OHSAS 18001 ILO:2001 Guidelines on Occupational Health and Safety Management System

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OH&S Management System Model for OHSAS 18001:2007


Continual Improvement

Management Review

OH&S Policy

Planning Checking and Corrective Action Implementation and Operation


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OH&S Policy
appropriate reviewed periodically commitment to comply with legal requirements

available to all interested parties

OH&S Policy

commitment to improve OH&S

must be communicated to all employees

must be documented, implemented and maintained

framework for setting OH&S objectives

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Planning
Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls Legal and other requirements Objectives and programme(s)

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Planning for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control


The organization shall establish the ongoing identification of hazards, the assessment of risks and the implementation of necessary control measures.

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Process of Risk Assessment


Classify work activities

Identify hazards Determine risk Decide if risk is tolerable

Prepare risk control action plan (if necessary)

Review adequacy of action plan

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Hierarchy to Reduce Risk when Determining Controls


Elimination

Substitution

Engineering controls

Signage/warnings and/or administrative controls

Personal protective equipment

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Legal and other Requirements


The intent of this requirement is to allow the organization to understand how its activities are or will be affected by applicable legal and other OH&S requirements.

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Implementation and Operation


Resources, Roles, Responsibility, Accountability and Authority Competence, Training and Awareness Communication, Participation and Consultation Documentation Control of Documents Operational Control Emergency Preparedness and Response

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Safety Program Responsibility

Implementation Training

Policies Resources

Follow Report Hazards

Program Planning
Promote Employee Interests & Cooperation

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Checking
Performance measurement and monitoring Evaluation of Compliance Incident investigation, Non-conformity, Corrective Action and Preventive Action Control of Records Internal Audit

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Implementation and Operation

Audit

Checking & Preventive Action

Feedback from Measuring Performance

Management Review
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Simplified Model of OHSAS 18001

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It takes a Minute to write a safety rule. It takes an Hour to hold a safety meeting. It takes a Week to plan a safety program. It takes a Month to put it in practice. It takes a Year to win a safety award. It takes a Lifetime to make a safe worker. but it only takes a SECOND to destroy it all in one accident!
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To look is one thing. To see what you look at is another. To understand what you see is another. To learn from what you understand is something else. But to act on what you learn is all that really matters.
Winston Churchill
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Why Safety & Health?


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Be SAFE on the job, so that every day you can come home and BE THERE for your family!
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DOLE STO Accreditation No. 1030-071612-060

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!


ENGR. ROBIN C. RUBINA Lead Auditor/Assessor on QESH System and Business Excellence President & CEO - Synerquest robinrubina@yahoo.com 4342743/9294834 09175051304

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