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Abstract

Iperception. 2012;3(5):316- 8. doi: 10.1068/i0526ic. Epub 2012 May 9.

Crossmodal correspondences: Innat e or learned?


Spence C, Dero y O.
Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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Abstract
"Are Chimpanz ees synaesthetic?" An affirmative answer to this question appeared recently in a Nature commentary on a study by Ludwig, Adachi, and Matz uz awa (2011) that demonstrated crossmodal correspondences in both chimpanz ees and humans. Here we question the claim that chimpanz ees are synaesthetic. We also question the claim that certain crossmodal correspondences are innate. We suggest an alternative account for the crossmodal correspondence between auditory pitch and visual lightness in terms of the internaliz ation of correlations present in the environment. We highlight the limitations of such natural correlation approaches to the study of crossmodal correspondences as well as how such claims could potentially be tested in future research.
PMID: 23145286 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC3485825

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How automatic are crossmodal correspondences? [Conscious Cogn. 2013] Are we all born synaesthetic? Examining the neonatal [Neurosci synaesthesia Biobehav hypothesis. Rev. 2013] Audiovisual crossmodal correspondences and [Exp sound Brain Res. 2012] Review Crossmodal correspondences: a tutorial [Atten review. Percept Psychophys. 2011] Review Crossmodal interactions: lessons from synesthesia. [Prog Brain Res. 2006]
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