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# Horizontal Shearing Stress

## Let us consider a differential length dx of the beam shown

For the upper shaded portion of the beam, the forces acting are the total normal forces F R and FL due to the bending stresses to the left and to the right of the beam. These forces will be resisted by the shearing force f vb dx acting at the boundary surface between the shaded and the unshaded. For equilibrium of the upper shaded portion

and

, then

## Solution to Problem 568 | Horizontal Shearing Stress

Problem 568 2 Show that the shearing stress developed at the neutral axis of a beam with circular cross section is = (4/3)(V / r ). Assume that the shearing stress is uniformly distributed across the neutral axis.

Solution 568

Where

Thus,

## Solution to Problem 577 | Horizontal Shearing Stress

Submitted by Romel Verterra on August 1, 2009 - 8:11am

Problem 577 A plywood beam is built up of 1/4-in. strips separated by blocks as shown in Fig. P-577. What shearing force V will cause a maximum shearing stress of 200 psi?

Where:

Thus,

## Design for Flexure and Shear

To determine the load capacity or the size of beam section, it must satisfy the allowable stresses in both flexure (bending) and shear. Shearing stress usually governs in the design of short beams that are heavily loaded, while flexure is usually the governing stress for long beams. In material comparison, timber is low in shear strength than that of steel. For any cross-sectional shape, flexure and shear are given in the following formulas: Flexure Formula

## Horizontal Shear Stress

For rectangular beam, the following defines for flexure and shear: Flexure formula for rectangular beam

## Horizontal shear stress for rectangular beam

Where fb = flexure stress fv = bending stress M = maximum moment applied to the beam V = maximum shear applied to the beam I = moment of inertia about the neutral axis Q = moment of area b = breadth d = depth

## Problem to Design for Flexure and Shear

Problem 580 A rectangular beam of width b and height h carries a central concentrated load P on a simply supported span of length L. Express the maximum fv in terms of maximum fb. Solution 580 From the figure:

## From shear stress formula:

Flexure Formula
Flexure Formula Stresses caused by the bending moment are known as flexural or bending stresses. Consider a beam to be loaded as shown.

Consider a fiber at a distance from the neutral axis, because of the beam's curvature, as the effect of bending moment, the fiber is stretched by an amount of . Since the curvature of the beam is very small, and are considered as similar triangles. The strain on this fiber is

By Hooke's law,

, then

which means that the stress is proportional to the distance Considering a differential area at a distance

## from N.A., the force acting over the area is

The resultant of all the elemental moment about N.A. must be equal to the bending moment on the section.

but

, then

substituting

Then

And

## The beam curvature is:

where is the radius of curvature of the beam in mm (in), is the bending moment in Nmm (lbin), is the flexural 4 4 stress in MPa (psi), is the centroidal moment of inertia in mm (in ), and is the distance from the neutral axis to the outermost fiber in mm (in).

## Solution to Flexure Formula

Problem 504 A simply supported beam, 2 in wide by 4 in high and 12 ft long is subjected to a concentrated load of 2000 lb at a point 3 ft from one of the supports. Determine the maximum fiber stress and the stress in a fiber located 0.5 in from the top of the beam at midspan. Solution 504

## Maximum fiber stress:

Answer: Stress in a fiber located 0.5 in from the top of the beam at midspan: