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Job name: Mitcham Frankston, Bridge 76 Job No.

: 6129609-200
Subject: Median Pier, Cross Head, Section 1 Date: 6/9/2013
By: MSG
Shear strength of a reinforced beam excluding shear reinforcement (according to AS 5100.5-2004)
The ultimate shear strength of a reinforced beam, excluding the contribution of
shear reinforcement, shall be calculated as follows:
(8.2.7.2 (1))
b
v
= 1500 mm width of cross section
D = 1500 mm overall depth of cross section
d
0
= 1438 mm distance from extreme compressive fibre to centroid of the outermost layer of tensile reinf. or tendons
0.8 D = 1200 mm but not less than 0.8*D
d
0
= 1438 mm resulting d
0
f
c
'= 50 MPa
A
st
= 20904
mm
2
cross sectional area of longitudinal reinforcement in tension zone (fully anchored)
A
g
= 2250000
mm
2
gross sectional area of member
N
*
= 0 N design axial force
a
v
= 0 mm distance from section at which shear is being considered to the face of the nearest support
|
1
= 1.1 (8.2.7.1(2))
|
2
= 1.000 or
|
2
= 1.000 or for members subject to significant axial tension
|
2
= 1.000 for members subject to significant axial compression
|
2
= 1.00 applied for design
|
3
= 1.00 or
|
3
= #DIV/0! design at the support (see AS 5100.5-2004, 8.2.7.1)
|
3
= 1.000 applied for design
|V
uc
= 1304.5 kN
Shear strength limited by web crushing
or at transfer
P
v
= 0 N vertical component of the prestressing force
V
u.max
=
21570 kN OK
Minimum shear reinforcement
(8.2.8)
f
sy.f
= 500 MPa yield strength of the reinforcement
s = 200 mm centre-to-centre spacing of shear reinforcement, measured parallel to the longitudinal axis
n = 6 number of legs
A
sv.min
=
35
mm
2
OK
Shear strength of a beam with minimum reinforcement
(8.2.9)
|V
u.min
=
2210.5 kN
Contribution to shear strength by the shear reinforcement
V * = 3497 kN
| = 0.70
u
v
= 31.50 linearly varied from 30 (for V* equals |V
u.min
to 45 for V* equals |V
u.max
)
u
v
= 40 taken for design (45 conservative assumption)
s = 200 mm
n = 4 number of legs
A
s.v
=
182.8
mm
2
OK
Choosen Shear Reinforcement
n = 4 number of legs
s = 200 mm distance between bars
d
B
=
16 mm diameter of bar
A
s.v
=
201.1
mm
2
|V
u
=
3717 kN
3
1
0
0 3 2 1
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
d b
f A
d b V
v
c st
v uc
'
| | |
f sy
v
sv
f
s b
A
.
min .
.35 0
=
0
6 0 d b V V
v uc u
.
min .
+ =
v v c u
P d b f V + =
0
2 0
'
max .
. ( )
v v cp u
P d b f V + =
0
85 0 2 0 . .
max .
Job name: Mitcham Frankston, Bridge 76 Job No.: 6129609-200
Subject: Median Pier, Cross Head, Section 2/4 Date: 6/9/2013
By: MSG
Shear strength of a reinforced beam excluding shear reinforcement (according to AS 5100.5-2004)
The ultimate shear strength of a reinforced beam, excluding the contribution of
shear reinforcement, shall be calculated as follows:
(8.2.7.2 (1))
b
v
= 1000 mm width of cross section
D = 300 mm overall depth of cross section
d
0
= 250 mm distance from extreme compressive fibre to centroid of the outermost layer of tensile reinf. or tendons
0.8 D = 240 mm but not less than 0.8*D
d
0
= 250 mm resulting d
0
f
c
'= 30 MPa
A
st
= 1036.7256
mm
2
cross sectional area of longitudinal reinforcement in tension zone (fully anchored)
A
g
= 300000
mm
2
gross sectional area of member
N
*
= 0 N design axial force
a
v
= 0 mm distance from section at which shear is being considered to the face of the nearest support
|
1
= 1.485 (8.2.7.1(2))
|
2
= 1.000 or
|
2
= 1.000 or for members subject to significant axial tension
|
2
= 1.000 for members subject to significant axial compression
|
2
= 1.00 applied for design
|
3
= 1.00 or
|
3
= #DIV/0! design at the support (see AS 5100.5-2004, 8.2.7.1)
|
3
= 1.000 applied for design
|V
uc
= 129.7 kN
Shear strength limited by web crushing
or at transfer
P
v
= 0 N vertical component of the prestressing force
V
u.max
=
1500 kN OK
Minimum shear reinforcement
(8.2.8)
f
sy.f
= 500 MPa yield strength of the reinforcement
s = 200 mm centre-to-centre spacing of shear reinforcement, measured parallel to the longitudinal axis
n = 6 number of legs
A
sv.min
=
23.333333
mm
2
OK
Shear strength of a beam with minimum reinforcement
(8.2.9)
|V
u.min
=
234.7 kN
Contribution to shear strength by the shear reinforcement
V * = 125 kN
| = 0.70
u
v
= 27.98 linearly varied from 30 (for V* equals |V
u.min
to 45 for V* equals |V
u.max
)
u
v
= 40 taken for design (45 conservative assumption)
s = 200 mm
n = 4 number of legs
A
s.v
=
0
mm
2
NOT OK
Choosen Shear Reinforcement
n = 4 number of legs
s = 200 mm distance between bars
d
B
=
16 mm diameter of bar
A
s.v
=
201.1
mm
2
|V
u
=
549 kN
3
1
0
0 3 2 1
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
d b
f A
d b V
v
c st
v uc
'
| | |
f sy
v
sv
f
s b
A
.
min .
.35 0
=
0
6 0 d b V V
v uc u
.
min .
+ =
v v c u
P d b f V + =
0
2 0
'
max .
. ( )
v v cp u
P d b f V + =
0
85 0 2 0 . .
max .
AS 5100.5-2004 Prestressed Beam - Shear
Job name: Mitcham Frankston Bridge 76 Job No.: 6129609/200
Subject: Superstructure Date: 6/9/2013
By: TL
Strength of a prestressed beam in Shear (according to AS 5100.5-2004, clause 8.2)
Shear strength of a prestressed beam excluding shear reinforcement:
assumption: cross-section cracked in flexure
(Flexural-shear cracking, 8.2.7.2 (1))
V* = 1873.71 kN design shear force
M* = 0 kNm corresponding moment
b
v
= 200 mm width of cross section
D = 2000 mm overall depth of cross section
d
0
= 1940 mm distance from extreme compressive fibre to centroid of the outermost layer of tensile reinf. or tendons
0.8 D = 1600 mm but not less than 0.8*D
d
0
= 1940 mm resulting d
0
f
c
'= 50 MPa
A
st
= 0
mm
2
cross sectional area of longitudinal reinforcement in tension zone (fully anchored)
A
pt
= 2579.4
mm
2
cross sectional area of bonded prestressing steel in tension zone
A
g
= 1201975
mm
2
gross sectional area of member
N
*
= 0 N design axial force
P
v
= 0 N vertical component of the prestressing force
a
v
= 1940 mm distance from section at which shear is being considered to the face of the nearest support
I = 6.08E+11 mm
4
Moment of inertia of cross-section
z = 1256 mm distance from the centroid to the extreme fibre where cracking occurs
o
cp.f
= 0 MPa compressive stress as a result of prestress at the extreme fibre where cracking occurs
V
o
= 0.00 kN shear force which would occur when the bending moment was equal to the decompression moment
|
1
= 1.1 (8.2.7.1(2))
|
2
= 1.000 or
|
2
= 1.000 or for members subject to significant axial tension
|
2
= 1.000 for members subject to significant axial compression
|
2
= 1.0 applied for design
|
3
= 1.00 or
|
3
= 2.000 design at the support (see AS 5100.5-2004, 8.2.7.1)
|
3
= 1.0 applied for design
|V
uc
= 207.0 kN
Shear strength limited by web crushing
or at transfer
f
cp
=
40 MPa
V
u.max
=
3880 kN
V
u.max
=
2638.4 kN
Minimum shear reinforcement
(8.2.8)
A
sv.min
=
10.5
mm
2
v
v
c pt st
v uc
P V
d b
f A A
d b V + +
|
|
.
|

\
| +
=
0
3
1
0
'
0 3 2 1
) (
| | |
f sy
v
sv
f
s b
A
.
min .
.35 0
=
v v c u
P d b f V + =
0
2 0
'
max .
.
( )
v v cp u
P d b f V + =
0
85 0 2 0 . .
max .
AS 5100.5-2004 Prestressed Beam - Shear
Shear strength of a beam with minimum reinforcement
(8.2.9)
|V
u.min
=
369.9 kN
Contribution to shear strength by the shear reinforcement
(8.2.10)
f
sy.f
= 500 MPa yield strength of the reinforcement
s = 150 mm centre-to-centre spacing of shear reinforcement, measured parallel to the longitudinal axis
< 300 mm OK (clause 8.2.12.2)
n = 2 number of legs
| = 0.70
u
v
= 39.61 linearly varied from 30 (for V* equals |V
u.min
to 45 for V* equals |V
u.max
)
u
v
= 45 taken for design (45 conservative assumption)
A
s.v
= 184.1
mm
2
diam. of bars = 16 mm
V
u
= 2896.05 kN OK
|V
u
= 2027.24 kN PASS
0
6 0 d b V V
v uc u
.
min .
+ =
v
f sy sv
us
s
d f A
V u cot
0 .
=
AS 5200.5-2004 Prestressed Beam - Torsion
Job name: Mitcham Frankston Bridge 76 Job No.: 6129609/200
Subject: Superstructure Date: 6/9/2013
By: TL
Strength of Beams in Torsion (according to AS 5100.5-2004, clause 8.3)
Torsional strength limited by web crushing:
(8.3.3(1))
T* = 278.21 kNm
V* = 1873.71 kN
| = 0.7 capacity reduction factor
V
u.max
= 2456 kN 3880
V
uc
= 217.96 kN 295.65
V
us
= 1543.15 kN 2600.401
T
u.max
= 0.2f
c
'J
t (8.3.3(2))
f
c
' = 50 MPa
J
t
= 1.98E+08
mm
3
torsional modulus according to 8.3.3
T
u.max
= 1980 kNm
T*/|T
u.max
= 0.20 Eq.1
V*/|V
u.max
= 1.09 Eq.2
Eq.1 + Eq.2 = 1.29 < 1.0 FAIL
Requirements for torsional reinforcement:
(a) Torsional reinforcement is not required if
(i) torsional reinforcement required
(ii) torsional reinforcement required 12.95
(iii) torsional reinforcement required
and D < 250 mm or d < b
w
/2 100
D = 1200 mm overall depth of beam
b
w
= 200 mm width of the web
(b) if (a) is not satisfied, torsional reinforcement shall be provided so that the following is satisfied:
P
v
= 0 kN 0 vertical component of the prestressing force
2.27 <= 1 FAIL
Torsional strength of a beam:
(a) without closed ties:
(8.3.5(2))
o
cp
= 5 MPa Average intensity of effective prestress in concrete
T
uc
= 594.00 kNm
(b) with closed ties:
(8.3.5(2))
A
t
= 9.90E+05
mm
2
area of a polygon with vertices at centre of longitudinal bars at corners of cross-section
u
t
= 27.87 linearly varied from 30 (for T* = |T
uc
) to 45 (for T* = |T
u.max
)
u
t
= 45 taken for design (45 conservative assumption)
f
sy.f
= 500 MPa yield strength of the reinforcement
s = 150 mm centre-to-centre spacing of closes ties
diam. of bars = 12 mm 16
A
sw
/s = 754.0
mm
2
/m
T
us
= 746.44 kNm
1
* *
max . max .
s +
u u
V
V
T
T
| |
uc
T T | 25 . 0 * <
5 . 0
* *
s +
uc uc
V
V
T
T
| |
0 . 1
* *
s +
uc uc
V
V
T
T
| |
1
) (
* *
s
+
+
v us us
P V
V
T
T
| |
'
10
1 ) ' 3 . 0 (
c
cp
c t uc
f
f J T
o
+ =
t t
sw
f sy us
A
s
A
f T u cot 2 ) (
.
=
AS 5200.5-2004 Prestressed Beam - Torsion
minimum requirements of ties:
(i) T
us
>= T
uc OK
(ii) A
sw
/s >= 0.2y
1
/f
sy.f OK
y
1
= 1140 mm larger dimension of the closed tie
spacing < 300 OK spacing < min(0.12u
t
, 300mm) (clause 8.3.8 (b))
Longitudinal torsional reinforcement:
(a) in the flexural tensile zone
u
t
= 4017 mm perimeter of the polygon defined for A
t
A
sL,t
= 1514.4
mm
2
diam. of bars = 16 mm
no. of bars = 10
A
s,prov
= 2010.6
mm
2
OK
(b) in the flexural compressive zone
F
c
* = 10 kN absolute value of the design force in the compression zone as a result of flexure
A
sL,c
= 1494.4
mm
2
diam. of bars = 16 mm
no. of bars = 10
A
s,prov
= 2010.6
mm
2
OK
Summary:
(a) closed ties:
| 12 bars
@ 150 spacing
f
y 500 MPa
(b) longitudinal bars in tension zone:
need 10 number
| 16 bars
f
y 500 MPa
(c) longitudinal bars in compression zone:
need 10 number
| 16 bars
f
y 500 MPa
t t
sw
t sL
u
s
A
A u
2
,
cot ) ( 5 . 0 =
* cot ) ( 5 . 0
2
, c t t
sw
c sL
F u
s
A
A = u