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Code No: R7220105 1

II B.Tech. II Semester Regular(R07) Examinations, April/May 2009


ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
(Common for Civil Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Computer Science & Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Information
Technology, Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Write a note on multidisciplinary nature of Environmental studies.


(b) What is a Biosphere? Discuss its significance.

2. (a) What are the Natural Resources? How you will classify the global natural resources?
(b) Discuss the various uses of Forest.

3. (a) What do you understand by biotic and a biotic pouts of nature?


(b) Explain the interaction and interdependency of these.

4. (a) Explain what is meant by Genetic Diversity.


(b) Broadly classify the extinction process.
(c) What are the role of Biosphere Reserves?

5. (a) Define Pollution. Name various atmospheric pollutants and its sources.
(b) Define smog and photochemical smog. Distinguish between these two.

6. (a) Discuss the measures to conserve water.


(b) What is rain water harvesting? What are the proposes served by it?
(c) Write a note on urban problems related to energy.

7. (a) What are the reasons for difference in the rate of population growth in various countries?
(b) What do you mean by:
i. Doubling time.
ii. Total fertility rate.
iii. Life expectancy.

8. (a) Explain the causes and effects of water pollution by describing any urban or industrial
area that you have visited.
(b) List the various components of ecosystem that you have visited.

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Code No: R7220105 2
II B.Tech. II Semester Regular(R07) Examinations, April/May 2009
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
(Common for Civil Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Computer Science & Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Information
Technology, Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) What is an Environment? Discuss the various segments of Environment.


(b) Give an account of abiotic components of Environment.

2. (a) What are the activities which disturb the forest Ecosystem and what is the out come of
the forest degradation?
(b) “Fresh water is the biggest crisis facing the world today” comment.

3. (a) What is an ecosystem? Classify ecosystems.


(b) What are the decomposers? Explain their role in an Ecosystem.
(c) What is primary productivity?

4. (a) Explain the benefits of Biological Diversity.


(b) Why it is necessary to maintain bio diversity?

5. (a) Define Air pollution? What are its effects on human health?
(b) Enumerate and explain various approaches to air pollution control.

6. (a) What is sustainable development? What are the important measures to attain sustain-
ability?
(b) What is a watershed? Critically discuss the objectives and practices of watershed man-
agement.

7. (a) What is meant by population explosion? Discuss the Indian scenario?


(b) Discuss the development and implementation of ’Family Welfare Programm’ in India.

8. (a) Briefly outline the salient features of the ’National Population Policy’ 2000
(b) What is value Education? Discuss the concept of value education with the help of suitable
examples.
(c) What is meant by zero population growth?

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Code No: R7220105 3
II B.Tech II Semester (R07) Regular Examinations-April/May 2009
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
(Common for Electrical & Electronics Engineering,Electronics & Instrumentation
Engineering,Electronics & Control Engineering,Civil Engineering,Mechanical
Engineering,Computer Science & Engineering,Information Technology,Computer Science &
Systems Engineering,Bio-Technology))
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Define climate and weather. Differentiate between climate and weather.
(b) What is the scope of Environmental education?
2. (a) Write explanatory note on mineral resources of India.
(b) Discuss the Environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources.
(c) Discuss the benefits and problems of dams.
3. (a) What role do autotrophs and heterotrophs play in the ecosystems.
(b) Distinguish between Food chain and Food web.
4. (a) Name and describe the various Biogeographical zones of India.
(b) What do you understand by ”Hotspots of Biodiversity”? Name and briefly describe along
with vital signs the two hotspots of biodiversity that extend into India.
5. (a) What is Noise? Describe briefly the effects of noise on human health.
(b) What are the pollutants? How is photochemical smog is formed.
(c) What are the particulars? Classify them according to their mode of formation.
6. (a) Discuss various issues and measures for women and child welfare at international and
national level.
(b) What is AIDS? What are the sources and mode of transmission of HIV infections? Name
the two tests that are carried out of AIDS diagnosis.
7. (a) Briefly describe the various schemes launched for women and child welfare in India?
(b) What do you understand by the term “Human Rights”? Discuss the salient features of
draft declaration of Human Rights and Environment.
8. (a) Define Green House Effect? What are the green house gases? Name and discuss their
Contribution to the global warming? What are its effects? What remedial measures you
suggest?
(b) State the consequences of stratospheric ozone depletion.
(c) What is meant by Acid Rain? How does it occur.

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Code No: R7220105 4
II B.Tech. II Semester Regular(R07) Examinations, April/May 2009
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
(Common for Civil Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering,
Computer Science & Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Information
Technology, Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) What are the different activities that can be taken up to increase public awareness of
environmental issues?
(b) Write a short note on “Human interference with the Environment”.
2. (a) Discuss the changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing.
(b) Write short notes on:
i. Fertilizers and
ii. Pesticides.
3. (a) Define and Ecological Pyramid and its various types.
(b) What is meant by standing state and explain?
4. (a) What do you understand by ’Conservation of Biodiversity’ ? State and explain the two
basic approaches to the wildlife conservation.
(b) Explain ’In-situ’ and ’Ex-situ’ conservation along with their merits and limitations.
5. Write a short notes on:
(a) Minamata disease.
(b) Bio-magnification.
(c) Blue baby syndrome.
(d) Biological Oxygen Demand.
6. (a) Discuss various measures for wasteland reclamation.
(b) What are the major issues and problems related to rehabilitation of the displaced tribals?
(c) What are the major limitations to successful implementation of our environmental legis-
lation?
7. Discuss the merits and limitations of the following resources of energy:
(a) Wind Energy.
(b) Tidal Energy.
(c) Geothermal Energy.
(d) Biomass Energy.
8. What is the Role of Information Technology in:
(a) Environment
(b) Human Health.

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