You are on page 1of 6

Reference C132-KA-L-KA-0001

: pipe support design procedure

Result The supports for piping shall be positioned and selected to prevent the following: Piping stresses exceeding the allowable stress range as determined by the applicable piping design code Trapped water/ liquid pockets Deflections in pipe supports beyond stated requirements Leakage at joints Thrusts and moments on connected equipment in excess of those permitted by the TR 2900 and the relevant package specifications Resonance with imposed wind forces or contained fluid induced vibrations Resonance with imposed mechanical or acoustically induced vibrations from reciprocating machines. Reference is made to section 9.3 of ISO 15665 Interference with free thermal expansion or contraction as required by the pipe stress analysis Unintentional disengagement of piping from its support Deflections of piping greater than those, which the span selection tables in the Project Pipe Support Detail Standard, are based on Piping requiring drainage slope shall be given special consideration Non Insulated Carbon Steel Lines DN50 DN250 shall rest on an isolation pad, providing that both indentation checks and load bearing capacities of the isolation pad are sufficient. The design temperature for the isolation material shall cover the design temperatures for the piping system. DN300 and above shall generally be supported on clamped shoes with isolating material between the clamps and the pipe. The design temperature for the isolation material shall cover the design temperatures for the piping system. Insulated Carbon Steel Lines DN50 and above Insulated Carbon steel lines shall generally be supported on clamped shoes with isolating material between the shoe and the pipe. Carbon steel lines with personnel-protection shall have the insulation cut away locally and be supported as non-insulated pipe. Special consideration shall be taken for lines with design temperature below minus 46C. A barrier (cold trap) might be required between pipe support and steelwork to avoid cold transportation in to the main steel through the support Non Insulated Stainless and Alloy Steel Lines DN50 DN250 shall rest on an isolation pad, provided that both indentation check and load bearing capacity of the insulating pad is sufficient. The design temperature for the isolation material shall cover the design temperatures for the piping system. DN300 and above shall generally be supported on clamped shoes with isolating material between the clamps and the pipe. The design temperature for the isolation material shall cover the design temperatures for the piping system. Insulated Stainless and Alloy Steel Lines DN50 and above Insulated Stainless and Alloy steel lines shall rest on clamped shoes. However lines with personnel-protection shall have the insulation cut away locally and be supported as noninsulated pipe.

Special consideration shall be taken for lines with design temperature below minus 46C. A barrier (cold trap) might be required between pipe and pipe support to avoid chilling of the main steel through the support. Welded Shoes and Trunnions Welded shoes and trunnion shall be used for all lines above DN600. For smaller line sizes welded shoes shall only be used for line stops, anchors and guides with lateral forces. Where welded attachments are required on titanium pipes, only trunnions shall be used. Use of trunnion supports shall be kept to a minimum and should be used only when any other type of support cannot be provided. Vertical trunnions higher than 500mm (from BOP to TOS) should be avoided. Instead, a combination of short vertical trunnion and a structural frame support should be used. Maximum trunnion diameter shall be one size smaller than the parent pipe diameter. When the parent pipe has higher wall thickness (>10mm), selection of the trunnion can be made with the same material specification but with a thinner wall thickness down to 10mm. Trunnion design shall be checked by calculations. Clamped Shoes Clamped shoes shall generally be used for insulated lines up to and including DN600, and for all non-insulated horizontal lines between DN300 up to and including DN600. WEAR PLATES Wear plates shall be used in cases where reinforcement of the pipe wall is required. For example: Supports subject to repeated line movements Where required to limit local pipe wall stresses especially on thin walled pipe U-STRAPS It may be used as guides for non-insulated horizontal and vertical lines and 3-way restraint for light duty purposes together with line stops. Lined U-straps shall be used for all pipe classes. Size range DN50-DN250. PADS Pads are used for purposes such as: Erosion (wear) Galvanic insulation Low friction Acoustic insulation Cold transport trap Make up unforeseen differences in elevations on installed supports SLIDING SUPPORTS Sliding supports for lines subjected to excessive movement, thermal or otherwise, shall be of a size to cater for the maximum movement in either direction. These supports or attachments shall be positioned centrally over the supporting member during erection. LOW FRICTION SUPPORTS Pipe supports requiring a low coefficient of friction shall have a slide unit installed between the nsurfaces of the support and pipe saddle/ attachment. The units shall be commercially available components. Any bonding of low friction material to steel backing plates shall be done by vendor.

SPRING SUPPORTS Springs shall only be used when there is no other method of satisfactorily supporting the ine.These locations will be defined by the pipe stress group on the stress sketches. Spring design criteria will be listed on the stress isometrics. Variable springs shall be selected where movements are not excessive and where load variation is below 20%. Spring units will be of the present type.Constant springs shall be selected where large movements occur or where heavy loads will give prohibitive out of loads if variable springs were used. Constant springs shall only be used where stated on the stress isometric. Springs shall be supplied suitably protected against a saline environment and shall be SS316 type material or superior. Spring support housing shall be SS316. Welding to spring housing is not allowed. Base flanges shall be bolted to the structure. INSULATED LINES Refer to Table 1, Pipe Support Requirements TR2320 for categorization of support type based on line size for insulated lines. All insulated lines including DN50 and above shall be supported on shoes except for lines with Class 3 Personnel Protection Insulation. HEAT CONSERVATION CLASS 1 Lines with Hot Service Insulation shall be supported on clamped or welded shoes. COLD CONSERVATION CLASS 2 Lines which may cool the supporting steel below design temperature minus 46C might be installed with insulating barrier (cold trap). Company approved clamped or special cold shoe may need to be considered. PERSONNEL PROTECTION CLASS 3 Lines with Personnel Protection Insulation shall be supported like non-insulated lines and have the insulation cut away locally. FROST PROTECTION CLASS 4 Lines with Frost Protection and electrically traced lines shall rest on shoes. FIRE PROTECTION CLASS 5 Lines with Fire Protection Insulation shall rest on shoes. ACOUSTIC INSULATION CLASSES 6, 7 & 8 Lines with potential need for Acoustic Insulation shall be supported on a sound-absorbing arrangement if required by the Noise studies. Clamped or special shoes may be used in combination with a sound-absorbing material. CONDENSATION AND ICE PROTECTION CLASS 9 Lines with external condensation and icing protection Insulation shall generally be supported on normal shoes.