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ABSTRACT The United Nations (UN), is an international organization formed in San Francisco, California on October 24, 1945 after

World War II. The UN was established solely to replace the League of Nations was dissolved after failed to prevent World War II (1939 1945). Now there are about more than 165 countries after there are some former republic of Soviet Union and some countries in the Pacific Island join the membership. As we know, besides the role in maintaining world peace and security, UN also played a role in providing assistance in the form of financial, physical and expertise given to countries that need it such as in the field of economic, technical and social. In addition, the UN has also contributed trough organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labor Organization (ILO) and UNESCO. UN has also established a number of organizations such as the United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Peacekeeping Force Team in volatile country when there is a need to it. Security Council in UN perform it action in handling issues about security of the world. All of us know that the main purpose of initiating this organization is to preserve universal peace & security since peace is the foundation of political stability and economic prosperity. In the international context, the UN is the mainly organization that plays a role in ensuring peace and security in the member countries to maintain, and more importantly have the ability to shape the world's political climate to remain peaceful and harmonious. We cannot deny that UN has given many contribution in fostering world peace and prosperity. However, nowadays there is argumentation about the role of the UN to create a harmonious international society increasingly limited and less effective. Political conflicts in countries such as Syria, the conflict between races hit Sri Lanka and ethnic killings that happened in Rwanda and Bosnia Herzegovina give the impression that our peaceful life is just like shaky bubbles in the ocean. This situation makes people think that this organization is not sufficiently responding to the expectation that they are able

maintaining world peace and in protecting the safety and welfare of the people worldwide.

Based on the findings, this essay aim to show That UN have functioning in creating and developing an integrated world society share an ideal feeling of unity and solidarity but NOT sufficiently responding to the expectations as the peacekeeping since there are problems and conflict which trigger peaceful and security crisis situation in some countries. Hence, the causes and constraints for this failure will be detail peeled in further in this essay.

Keywords: United Nation, world peace, causes and constraints for the failure.

1.0 INTRODUCTION