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Tutorial 1

SCI1301

1. Vector A has components Ax=1.30 cm and Ay= 2.25 cm; vector B has components Bx=4.10 cm, By=-3.75 cm. Find a) The components of the vector sum A+B b) the magnitude and direction of A+B c) The components of the vector B-A d) The magnitude and direction of B-A. Ans: a) 5.40 cm, -1.50 cm, b) 5.60 cm, -15.5o, c) 2.80 cm, -6 cm, d) 6.62 cm, 64.98o

  2. Find the vector product A  B where  ˆ  3.00 y ˆ A  4.00 x  ˆ  2.00 y ˆ B  5.00 x What is the magnitude of the vector product?
Ans : 23

3. An egg is thrown vertically upward from a point near the cornice of a tall building. It just misses the cornice on the way down and passes a point 50 m below its starting point 5.0 s after it leaves the thrower’s hand. Ignore air resistance. a. What is the initial speed of the egg? b. How high does it rise above its starting point? c. What is the magnitude of its velocity at its highest point? d. What are the magnitude and direction of its acceleration at the highest point? Ans: a) 14.5 m/s, b) 10.7 m, c) 0, d) 9.8 m/s2

4. The table shows the variation with time “t” of the distance “s” travelled by an aircraft as it starts moving along a runway. t/s s/m 0 0 1 1 2 6 3 17 4 37 5 67

a) State, giving your reasons, (i) Whether the speed of the aircraft is increasing, decreasing or remaining constant. (ii) Whether the acceleration of the aircraft is increasing, decreasing or remaining constant.

Kgm-1s-2. 2. (Ans: 1. (Ans: 2 m) (ii) the time of flight. Neglecting air resistance. Kgm2s-2. Kgms-2. A train initially at rest accelerates and moves along a straight horizontal track.8 m/s2) (c) Sketch a graph to show how the velocity of the ball in (b) above depends on time during its flight. (a) (i) Define the following terms and state their corresponding SI units: 1. Explain how the instantaneous velocity is obtained from the graph. (Ans: 11. Force 2.025 m) (Take g to be 9. (a) (i) With the help of an example explain what is meant by derived units. it comes to the maximum height (t2) 3. (ii) State and explain what happens to the vertical speed of the parachutist after the parachute opens. Power (ii) Hence express the SI units of the physical quantities in (a) above in terms of base units. calculate the following: (i) the time which the ball reaches the maximum height. show how the displacement of the train varies with time. 3. (Ans: 14.7 ms-1) (iii) the maximum height reached. (Ans: 1. (ii) State any five basic quantities and their corresponding SI units. and (Ans: 1. . 4.27 s) (iii) the maximum horizontal distance reached by the ball (Ans: 17. The parachute opens some time after the start of the fall. Pressure 4. (i) State why the initial acceleration of the parachutist is approximately 10m/s2.24 m) (Take g to be 10 m/s2) 7. Kinetic Energy 3.0 seconds later. the ball leaves the cricketer‟s hands (t1) 2. Assuming no air resistance. 5. a) With the help of a sketch.5 s) (ii) the speed with which the ball leaves his hands. it reaches his hands again (t3) 6. Mark on your graph the time at which: 1. (b) A cricketer throws a ball vertically upwards and catches it 3. Kgm2s-3) (b) A ball is thrown from the horizontal ground with an initial velocity of 15 ms-1 at an angle of 25° to the horizontal. calculate the following: (i) the maximum height.Tutorial 1 SCI1301 b) A parachutist falls from an aircraft which is flying horizontally.

Time of flight (T). Bus A overtakes bus B at time t = 0 as shown on the graph. 8. Figure 2 In order to catch up with bus A. to travel from O to B 3. Take g to be the acceleration due to gravity. (ii) Using the equations from c(i) above. (i) What is the distance travelled by bus A during the first 15 s? (Ans: 300 m) (ii) Find the acceleration of bus B during the first 15 s. Acceleration 2. Maximum height (H).Tutorial 1 SCI1301 (b) (i) Explain what is meant by the following terms and identify clearly which one are scalar and vector quantities: 1. Velocity (c) (i) Figure 1 below defines the motion of a golf ball during a projectile motion. show that the maximum range can only be achieved when θ = 45°. bus B accelerates uniformly for 15 seconds until it reaches a constant speed of 25 m/s. (a) Figure 2 below shows the speed-time graph of two buses A and B travelling in the same direction. (Ans: 300 m) . Range (R) from O to B where u is the initial velocity and θ is the angle of projection. at position A 2. A u θ O R Figure 1 H B Use the equations of motion to derive expressions for the following: 1.

The object takes a time “T” to reach the ground and travels a horizontal distance “D” in doing so. (iii) A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the ground with an initial velocity u.5 m) (iv) How far is bus A ahead of bus B at t = 15 s? (Ans: 37. (a) the initial velocity u . T2 and g (acceleration due to gravity).5 s) (vi) By then. (ii) Define a scalar quantity and a vector quantity giving 3 examples of each quantity. The ball then takes a further time of “T2” to return to the ground. State three examples of each and give their corresponding units in S.I. The time taken by the ball to reach a height “h” is “T1”. (Ans: 10 s) (b) (i) Quantities in physics are classified as “basic‟ and “derived‟. what are the values of “T” and “D”? (Ans: T= 5 s. (c) A helicopter. (b) the height “h” (c) the maximum height “H” reached by the ball. Taking acceleration due to gravity g = 10 ms-2 and ignoring air resistance. drops an object.5 m) (v) What additional time from t = 15 s will it take bus B to just overtake bus A? (Ans: 1. what will be the distance travelled by each bus since t = 0 s? (Ans: 330 m.5 m) . D=279.Tutorial 1 SCI1301 (iii) What is the distance travelled by bus B at t = 15 s? (Ans: 262. 300 m) (vii) Find the time taken from t = 0 s for the two buses to attain the same speed. flying in a straight line at a constant height of 500 m with a speed of 75 metres per second. Find in terms of T1 .