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Basic Car Air Conditioning

DENSO Europe BV

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System components

Compressor

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Compressor identification Compressor Identification

Compressor type
DENSO Europe BV

Production code

Part Number

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Compressor identification Compressor Part Number Explanation


447100 1111
EXAMPLE :

10 PA 17 V

C
Installation type

Compressor with M agnetic Clutch 447100 447150 447170 447180 447190 Compressor with out Magnetic Clutch (body) 447200 447220 447260 Compressor Clutch 447300 248300

Control type Displacement Compressor type Nr. Of cylinder

Letter

Year of Letter Year of Production Production


1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 B C D E F G H J K L M N P Q R S T U 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

2R
Year Month
DENSO Europe BV

0078
Lot / Serial number

B C D E F G H J K L M N P Q R S T U

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Compressor

Compressor Classification

Type Crank Type (In-line)

Dual Swash Plat e Type Reciprocal Type Swash P late Type Single Swash Plat e Type Wobble P late Type Rot ary Type Vane Type Scroll Type Sliding Vane Type Through-Vane Type

Type Number 3A188, 3A224, 6C300, 6C500, 2M110, 2M126 6E171, 6P127, 6P134, 6P148 10P08, 10P13, 10P15, 10P17, 10P25, 10P30 10PA15, 10PA17, 10PA 20, 10P C20 10S11, 10S13, 10S15, 10S17, 10S20 7SB16, 7SBU16 5SE09, 6SE12, 6SE U12, 7SE 16 5SA07E 6CA17 S V06, S V07 TV10, TV 12, TV14 S C06, S C08, S CS06, SCS08, SCS A06

DENSO Europe BV

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : 10PA


7 8 9 10 6 1. Magnetic clutch 2. Front housing 5 3. Cylinder 4. Swash plate 4 5. Piston 6. Rear housing 7. Service valve 1 2 8. Pressure relieve valve 3 9. Ball shoe 10. Shaft seal

DENSO Europe BV

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : 10PA

Piston arrangement (10 cylinder)

Discharge Valve Piston Piston Swash Plate Cylinder

Cylinder

Shaft

Piston

Valve Plate

Suction Valve

Piston

DENSO Europe BV

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : 10PA

5 3 4

3 4

1 1. 2. 3.

2 Shaft & Swash plate Suction valve Valve plate 4. 5. 6.

1 Discharge valve High pressure side Low pressure side

DENSO Europe BV

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : 10PA

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : 7SB(U)

1. Magnetic clutch 2. Connector w/h 3. Connection suction hose 4. Connection discharge hose 5. Main control valve

Type: 7SB16 Nr. Of pistons 7 Variable displacement (7 ~ 100%) Displacement: 160cc


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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SB type


Main Control Valve
Spring C Push rod Valve Spring D

Pa

Pd

Pa = Atmospheric pressure Ps = Suction pressure Pc = Crank chamber pressure Pd = Discharge pressure

Ps

Pc

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SB type


Variable Capacity Operation
Low thermal load

Piston Spring C Push rod Valve

Pc
Spring A

Ps

Pa

Pd

Swash plate

Pc
Ps Pc
Shorter stroke

Ps

Ps < Pa + Spring C

Push Rod Opens

Pc = High

Small Displacement

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SB type


Variable Capacity Operation
High thermal load
Piston Spring C Push rod Valve Spring A Pa Pd Swash plate

Pc

Ps

Pc
Ps Pc

Ps

Longer stroke

Ps > Pa + Spring C

Push Rod Closes

Pc = Low

Big Displacement

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type


Variable Capacity Operation
Low thermal load

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type


Variable Capacity Operation
High thermal load

DENSO Europe BV

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type


Limiter Damper pulley
Damper mechanism Plastic pulley

Single row Bearings

Limiter Mechanism and Plastic Hub

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : SE type


Belt protection
Normal operation

Compressor is locked

Excessive load Limiter portion (bridge) Limiter portion breaking Limiter portion breaks

Compressor shaft Pulley free rotation

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Coffee break

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Compressor New Feature: Compressor 5SER09

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Compressor New Feature: Compressor 5SER09

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Compressor New Feature: Compressor 5SER09

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : Scroll

Fixed scroll

H/P Service valve Rotating scroll Discharge port

Suction port

Ball bearing

Discharge port

Discharge valve Shaft Shaft seal Radial bearing

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Compressor

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : Through Vane

Temperature Sensor

Discharge Valve Discharge Port Rotor

Suction Port Oil Return Hole

Vane

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Compressor COMPRESSOR : Through Vane

Contact Point Contact Point Rod Bim etallic Strip

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Compressor Pressure relieve valve

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Pressure relieve valve

High pressure refrigerant

113

Leakage Quantity (l/min)

Abnormal high Refrigerant pressure

2.67 28.1

3.43 35.0

4.14 42.4

(Mpa) (kgf /cm)

DENSO Europe BV

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System control

Compressor Lock

Lock Display Mgn. Clutch Relay A/C ECU Engine Speed Comparison Compressor Speed Engine ECU

Compressor

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System control

Low Speed Cut Control

A/C ECU

Engine ECU

Mgn. Clutch Relay

Primary Ignition Signal

Compressor

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Service Information
New compressor Compressor to be replaced

Compressor oil

COMPRESSOR OIL FOR HFC134a


Compressor Oil DENSO oil 8 DENSO oil 9 DENSO oil ND 8 & ND9 PAG (Poly Alkaline Glycol) Synthetic oil

SV Compressors: SV06 uses ND-oil 9 SV07 new uses MG20

Remove excessive oil amount

SV07 repaired uses ND-oil 8

Compressor Type: Oil Type 10PA ND-8 7SB(U) ND-8 SE(U) ND-8 SCR ND-8 TV ND-9 SV ND-8/9

Viscosity 46 46 46 46 100 46/100

Oil Replacement Quantities


Replacement parts
Compressor Refer to 'compressor replacement ' Condenser Ev aporator Reciev er Piping type 10CC (per pipe)

RUN IN PROCEDURE
Temperature Blow er Outlet Engine RPM Duration Max Cool Max Face Idle 3-5 Minutes

Quantity

40CC

40CC

10CC

11/24

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Compressor oil

Compressor oil
Compressor oil & Run in procedure
COMPRESSOR OIL Compressor Oil DENSO oil 8 DENSO oil 9 DENSO oil ND 8 & ND9 PAG (Poly Alkaline Glycol) Synthetic oil

RUN IN PROCEDURE Time Engine RPM 2 ~ 4 minutes Idle

DENSO Europe BV

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Compressor oil

Compressor oil replenishment

New compressor

Compressor to be replaced

Remove excessive oil amount

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Compressor oil

COMPRESSOR OIL
Compressor oil quantity & Cooling capacity
100 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Cooling capacity (%)

Oil ratio in HFC134a % (weight)


DENSO Europe BV
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Refrigerant cycle

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Relation t/p
Temperatuur/druk verhouding R134a
Temp (C) -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Druk (bar) 2,0 2,2 2,3 2,3 2,4 2,5 2,6 2,7 2,8 2,9 3,0 3,2 3,3 3,4 3,5 3,6 3,8 3,9 4,0 4,2 4,3 4,4 4,6 4,7 4,9 Druk (kPa) 209 217 225 234 243 253 262 272 282 293 304 315 326 338 350 362 375 388 401 415 429 443 458 473 488 Temp (C) 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Druk (bar) 5,0 5,2 5,4 5,5 5,7 5,9 6,0 6,3 6,5 6,7 6,9 7,1 7,3 7,5 7,7 7,9 8,2 8,4 8,6 8,9 9,1 9,4 9,6 9,9 10,2 Druk (kPa) 504 521 537 554 572 590 608 627 646 665 685 706 727 748 770 793 815 839 863 887 912 937 963 990 1017 Temp (C) 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 Druk (bar) 10,5 10,7 11,0 11,3 11,6 11,9 12,2 12,5 12,9 13,2 13,5 13,8 14,2 14,6 14,9 15,3 15,7 16,0 16,4 16,8 17,2 17,6 18,0 18,5 18,9 Druk (kPa) 1044 1072 1101 1130 1160 1190 1221 1253 1285 1318 1351 1385 1420 1456 1492 1528 1566 1604 1642 1682 1722 1763 1804 1847 1890

0 1 2 3 4 5

2,9 3,0 3,2 3,3 3,4 3,5

21 22 23 24 25 26

5,9 6,0 6,3 6,5 6,7 6,9

61 62 63 64 65 61

17,2 17,6 18,0 18,5 18,9 17,2

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Gauge reading NORMAL OPERATION

Low pressure 0.2 MPa

High pressure 1.0 MPa

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Gauge reading INSUFFICIENT REFRIGERANT

Low pressure = Too low

High pressure = Too low

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Gauge reading EXCESSIVE REFRIGERANT OR INSUFFICIENT CONDENSERCOOLING

Low pressure = Too high

High pressure = Too high

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Gauge reading BLOCKED SYSTEM

Low pressure = vacuum

High pressure = Low

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Gauge reading MOISTURE MIXED WITH REFRIGERANT

Low pressure changes between normal and vacuum

High pressure changes between normal and low

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Gauge reading AIR MIXED WITH REFRIGERANT

Low pressure = Too high

High pressure = Too high

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Gauge reading COMPRESSOR FAILURE

Low pressure = Too high

High pressure = Too low

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Gauge reading EXPANSION VALVE OPENS TOO WIDE

Low pressure = Too high

High pressure = Too high

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Basic Car Air Conditioning

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Defect judgement

BAD REPAIR
INSUFFICIENT CLEANING
Black residue and small metal particle's at Suction side

Black residue at Suction side

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Defect judgement

INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION
LOW REFRIGERANT / OIL AMOUNT

Black residue at Discharge side

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Defect judgement

INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION
NO RUN-IN PROCEDURE
Discharge side is clean and lubricated

Suction is clean and dry

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Defect judgement

LIQUID LOCK
TOO MUCH COMPRESSOR OIL

Discharge and Suction are Clean and wet by Oil

All cylinders are filled with oil

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Defect judgement

LIQUID LOCK
INCORRECT CHARGING (liquid charging at Suction side)
Discharge is clean and wet by oil Suction side is clean and dry

Swash plate damage due to impact of Ball-shoe

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