16 views

Uploaded by Jiaqi Chua

- Advanced Chemical Reaction Engineering
- Che 145 Course Outline
- CHE Curriculum Brochure
- Reactor Improved Heat ATR
- An Approximate Model for Diffusion and Reaction in a Porous Pellet
- Appendice H. Dynamic Models and Parameters Used for Plantwide Control, Seborg
- Intro
- Industrialisation
- Abstract
- Topic 1.1 - Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors
- 1094751961
- 2016. Fundamental Principles of Laboratory Fixed Bed Reactor Design
- Kizling - A Review of the Used Plasma Techniques
- Thermodynamic_Analysis_of_Glycerol_Steam_Reforming_1.pdf
- FT review
- Methanol to Olefin Conversion Catalyst (2)
- Pdp
- 1- intro of pfr experiment
- Cobalt Oxide‐Coated N‐ and B‐Doped Graphene Hollow Spheres As
- dapus

You are on page 1of 25

Consultation Time: 2-3 pm (22-26 April) E5-03-18

Isothermal, Ideal Reactor (Homogeneous Single Reaction) Design

Mole Balance

In Out + Gen = Acc dN A FA0 FA + rA dV = V dt

Output

Rate Law

Design Algorithm

n A

rA = kC

Kinetics: k and n

P-2

Non-Ideal Reactors

Isothermal, Non-Ideal Reactors (Single reaction)

Models (micromixing)

1.SEG 2.TIS 3.Dispersion 4.Compartment

Output

Rate Law

RTD (macromixing)

n A

rA = kC

Conversion (X)

P-3

Outline the concept of residence time distribution (RTD) as well as the reasons for using this concept in connection with non-ideal reactors. Define the residence time distribution function, E(t), and the cumulative residence time distribution function, F(t), and use the relation between them. Outline and understand the measurement methods for obtaining the residence time distribution. Use experimental results from pulse and step experiments to calculate the mean residence time and the variance. Derive the residence time distribution functions, E(t) and F(t), for ideal reactors (PFR and CSTR). Define the concept of mean residence time, tm, and, for a CSTR as an example, show that this time equals the space-time, . Define the concept of variance about mean residence time, 2, and show that this variance for a CSTR equals the space time squared, 2. Use the information of RTD to diagnose the ills of real reactor systems.

P-4

E (t ) = C (t )

C (t )dt

F (t ) = E (t )dt

0

t m = tE (t )dt

0

= (t t m ) 2 E (t )dt

2 0

P-5

E (t ) = (t )

E (t ) = e

t /

Models (Unit 8)

Outline the concept of macromixing and micromixing. Outline the concept of macrofluid and microfluid. Outline the basic assumptions of the segregation model as well as the cases when this model may be applied. Use the segregation model for calculations on non-ideal reactors. Outline the basic idea of the tanks-in-series model and the dispersion model. Use the TIS model and the dispersion model to solve reactor performance problems with experimental results from tracer experiments. Outline the concept of compartment model, and use this model to predict the performance of non-ideal reactors.

P-6

E(t) t

X = X (t ) E (t )dt

0

Segregation Model

1st order

Vi = V i = n n

Tanks-inSeries

C1

Cn 1

2 n= 2

Cn

X = 1

1 (1 + i k ) n

2 =

Plug Flow Dispersion Model Dispersion

X = 1

4q exp( (1 + q ) 2 exp( Per ) 2

P-7

F (t )

P-8

P-9

P-10

Isothermal, Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactor (PBR, Single Reaction) Design

Mole Balance

In Out + Gen = Acc

z=0

Ac

Output

dC Ab U + rA ' b = 0 dz

Overall Rate Law Expression

z + z

z=L

rA ' = f (C Ab )

External mass transfer Internal mass transfer Intrinsic reaction rate

C Ab C As

C A (r )

r

WAr

rate = (kinetic factor)(driving - force group) (adsorption group)

P-11

A B

R

CA

C As C Ab

PBR

Ac , L C Ab , v0 , U W , S a , c , b ,

A catalyst pellet

R , d p , ac WAr , kc , DAB

C Ab , C As , C A

n , ,

n ) rA ' = (rAs ' ) = (k n ' C As n rA ' = (rAb ' ) = (k n ' C Ab )

dC Ab + rA ' b = 0 U dz

P-12

C As = f (C Ab ) Unit 10 C A = f (C As ) Unit 11

rA ' = f (C A ) Unit 9

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Mass transfer through external boundary layer Diffusion into pores Adsorption Surface reaction Desorption Diffusion of products out of pores Mass transfer back to bulk fluid

The overall rate of reaction is equal to the rate of the slowest step in the mechanism ratedetermining step.

P-13

Outline the steps in a catalytic reaction and use the concept of a ratelimiting step to derive a rate law. Develop a rate law and linearize it to determine the rate-law parameters from a set of gas-solid reaction rate data. Derive the design equation for a catalytic reactor. Calculate the conversion or catalyst weight for packed bed reactors. Describe the different types of catalyst deactivation. Outline the basic idea to design reactors to solve the catalyst deactivation problems. Calculate the conversion or catalyst weight for moving bed reactors.

P-14

Adsorption Surface reaction Desorption

Reactor design

rate =

kPA rA ' = Single site A S B S 1 + K A PA + K B PB kPA Dual site r ' = A S + S B S + S A (1 + K A PA + K B PB )2 kPA PB r ' = A S + B S C S + S A (1 + K A PA + K B PB + K C PC )2 kPA PB Eley-Rideal A S + B ( g ) C S rA ' = 1 + K A PA + K C PC P-15

Catalyst Deactivation

Catalyst deactivation a (t ) = Rate of reaction

Decay law

da = rd dt

To offset the decline in chemical reactivity of decaying catalysts: Temperature Time Trajectories Moving-Bed Reactor

T = f (t )

P-16

Use mass transfer in the context of reactor calculations. Outline the concept of the film theory for the external mass transfer. Evaluate the effects of fluid flow rate and particle size on the performance of a mass transfer-limited reactor. Derive the reaction rate expressions for slow and rapid reaction on a catalyst surface and outline the assumptions which this derivation is based on. Outline how mass transfer-limited reactions respond to changes in temperature and flow conditions. Design a reactor operating at conditions limited by external mass transfer.

P-17

Ac

z

z=0

z + z

z=L

dC Ab '' U + rA ac = 0 dz

For reaction at steady state

C Ab

C As

WAr

Boundary layer

'' rA = WAr

'' rA = kcC Ab

C Ab k c ac = exp z C Ab 0 U

P-18

Summary

Scheme of surface reaction kinetics

U dC Ab '' + rA ac = 0 dz

A B

fluid reactants products external transport

WAz = kc (C Ab C As )

Correlations of kc

= 2 + 0.6Re1/2Sc1/3 Flow through a packed Sh' = (Re' )1/2 (Sc' )1/3

bed (Thoenes-Kramers) Flow around a spherical particle (Frossling) Sh

internal diffusion

'' rA = kcC Ab

ln

ka 1 = c cL 1 X U

P-19

Derive the Thiele modulus. Derive the effectiveness factor for porous catalyst particles with various geometries. Use the concept of the effectiveness factor and outline how this factor can be increased by various operation conditions. Use the Thiele modulus for reactions with diffusion. Distinguish between internal and overall effectiveness factor. Describe how the reaction rate is influenced by parameters such as velocity, particle size and temperature. Design PBR operating under pore-diffusion limited regime.

P-20

Qualitative Analysis

Reactant concentration profiles around and within a porous pellet.

CA b

CAs

C A (x) CA

external mass transfer limited

P-21

+R

rate without any diffusion effects

rA ' = k ' C As

with

2 1

(1 coth 1 1)

Effectiveness factor, a fudge factor which varies between 0 and 1, and which accounts for the resistance to pore diffusion. Thiele modulus, useful for predicting reactor behavior from known kinetic information, thus known k. Effective diffusion coefficient in porous solids.

where

1 = R

k1 ' ' c S a De

P-22

Ac C Ab 0

z=0

z

C AbL

C Ab = C Ab 0 e ( b k1 ''S a z ) / U

z + z

z=L

Porous catalyst pellet

C Ab

External resistance

C As

CA

Internal resistance

X = 1 e ( b k1 ''S a L ) / U

=

1 + k1 ' ' S a b / kc ac

12

(1 coth 1 1); 1 = R

k1 ' ' c S a k =R 1 De De

P-23

External diffusion

2/3 DAB U 1/ 2 kc 1/ 6 1/ 2 dp

Internal diffusion

Reaction-limited

3 rA = De k1 C As R

rA = k1C Ab

kc U 1/ 2T 11/12

P-24

Summary

Scheme of surface reaction kinetics The Thiele modulus for porous spheres

n 1 n kn R 2C As R knC As reaction rate = = = De De [( C As 0) / R ] diffusion rate 2 n

A B

fluid reactants products external transport

=

= actual overall rate of reaction reaction that would occur if entire surface exposed to C As actual overall rate of reaction reaction that would occur if entire surface exposed to C Ab

Internal diffusion

2 = n +1

1/ 2

P-25

- Advanced Chemical Reaction EngineeringUploaded byIbmWasuser
- Che 145 Course OutlineUploaded bySnow Drop
- CHE Curriculum BrochureUploaded byFanny Dimasruhin
- Reactor Improved Heat ATRUploaded byDaniel David Aranguren
- An Approximate Model for Diffusion and Reaction in a Porous PelletUploaded byBamrung Sungnoen
- Appendice H. Dynamic Models and Parameters Used for Plantwide Control, SeborgUploaded byJohn Jairo Ramos
- IntroUploaded byAmandaEdwin
- IndustrialisationUploaded byTeh Khoon Kheng
- AbstractUploaded byNadzmi Rosli
- Topic 1.1 - Catalysis and Catalytic ReactorsUploaded byNorzaifee Nizamudin
- 1094751961Uploaded byelectrozone
- 2016. Fundamental Principles of Laboratory Fixed Bed Reactor DesignUploaded bywiboonwi
- Kizling - A Review of the Used Plasma TechniquesUploaded byapi-3728640
- Thermodynamic_Analysis_of_Glycerol_Steam_Reforming_1.pdfUploaded byFaras Smansa
- FT reviewUploaded byMys Genie
- Methanol to Olefin Conversion Catalyst (2)Uploaded byBella Novia Berliana
- PdpUploaded byshalini
- 1- intro of pfr experimentUploaded byolcymelis
- Cobalt Oxide‐Coated N‐ and B‐Doped Graphene Hollow Spheres AsUploaded byT Maiyalagan
- dapusUploaded byShannon Ruiz
- SC General Catalogue 2007 (3MB)Uploaded byyeknom
- Inorganic Membrane ReactorsUploaded byTarang Gupta
- Chem Lecture 1Uploaded byMary Beach
- k 502027478eeeUploaded byConniefer Choi
- Evaluation of Cobalt Oxide, Copper Oxide and Their Solid Solutions as Heterogeneous Catalysts for Fenton-Degradation of Dye PollutantsUploaded byOlímpio Silva
- 4_Hydrodeoxygenation processes.pdfUploaded bythảo phạm đình
- ConclusionUploaded byAmirHakimRusli
- Green Chemistry 1Uploaded bydanielyng
- (Bermejo-Deval, 2012) Metalloenzyme-Like Catalyzed Isomerizations of Sugars by Lewis Acid ZeolitesUploaded byYusuf Ats-Tsiqoh
- Zhu 2015Uploaded bySyarif Hidayat

- PPE guideUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Butanol by Two Stage FermentationUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Ternary PlotUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- CN3135 0 ScopeUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- CN3135 0 ScopeUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- chapter1.pdfUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Reimbursement Template(01-10-2013).docUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Chung-FO Technologies and Challenges for Clean Water and Clean Energy-COCHE 2012Uploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Reliability ProblemsUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Reliability ProblemsUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- B1_lab_results[1].docxUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Chemical SafetyUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Lesson Plan for PrintingUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Update Bci Research for International Conference by ArafatUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Ternary PlotUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Ternary PlotUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- FaultTree NotesUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Rev on FractionsUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- The Sealed Beam Headlight Case.pdfUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Rev on ProportionUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Separation and Identification of Two Organic CompoundsUploaded byJiaqi Chua
- Acids and Bases WorksheetUploaded byJiaqi Chua

- phonology mcqs.docxUploaded byNangar Parvez
- Work in DenmarkUploaded byIftikhar Javed
- Case Study Orange FinalUploaded byOlaru Lorena
- Readme SaintsRowTheThird EnUploaded bysyimacom
- Beware of Barney IslamUploaded byImran Kay
- Asia Baru ConstructionUploaded bylaikienfui
- Company Accounts WorkbookUploaded byragarwal22
- Locating the Law - A Handbook for Non-Law Librarians 5thEd Revised (2011) Southern California Association of Law LibrariesUploaded byeeeagle
- Watcher Autocheck]Uploaded byCassie Onilongo
- Ashwani Goyal ResumeUploaded byAshwani Goyal
- SWCT01_EN_CTDim_S4Uploaded byabdulhafeez86
- 2014 Jessup CompromisUploaded byJohn Patrick Cabrera
- ENGLISH SUFFIXES.docUploaded bylavelez
- LeverageUploaded byAca Aca
- jeremy michalk avatar projectUploaded byapi-341109318
- Internship Report Nabil Bank Ltd.Uploaded bysurekashivam
- 20th Annual Jeongdongjin Independent Film FestivalUploaded byAnonymous JEVaDsa8hs
- strksl40Uploaded byDinis Morais
- surahLayl_miracleDreamTafseer_NoumanAliKhanUploaded byspeed2kx
- Double Basses All AroundUploaded byluisalvaz
- Bad Dolphin ScriptUploaded byJim Burrows
- AWARE Research Study on Workplace Sexual Harassment (2008)Uploaded byAWARE Singapore
- 10NCEE Published Paper.pdfUploaded byVeereswar
- Vietnam at a glance [Minh Nguyen]Uploaded byapi-26389278
- Good Governance.docUploaded bySikandar Hayat
- Genuine Sale Transactions Through Gpa is Not Barred by Supreme Court Decision for KarnatakaUploaded bySridhara babu. N - ಶ್ರೀಧರ ಬಾಬು. ಎನ್
- COSHHRegulationsUploaded byMohamed Sabry
- readme-relnotes.txtUploaded byTobias Alvarado
- Art Deco Fortune telling cardsUploaded byJozefa Seaqueen
- Cambridge University Press,.the Economics of Art and Culture, 2nd Edition.[2001.Isbn0521637120]Uploaded byJulia Romero