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Nirma University Institute of Technology B. Tech. (I. C. Engineering), Sem.

IV, February 2013 2EE221: Electrical Engineering Materials Assignment 3 Magnetic Materials & Super Conducting Materials A: Choose the most appropriate answer for the following statements: 1. For high speed reading and storing of information in a computer, the use is made of (a) ferrites (b) piezoelectrics (c) pyroelectrics (d) ferromagnetics above 768 C 2. The residual magnetic flux density is more in case of (a) metallic magnets (b) ceramic magnets (c) graphite (d) iron oxide 3. High initial permeability in Fe-Ni alloys helps in (reducing / increasing / maintaining) the area under hysteresis loop. 4. Recent example of a hard magnetic material is (a) alnico (b) hycomax (c) CrO2 (d) invar 5. The permeability of iron can be increased by (a) alloying it with nickel (b) purifying it (c) deposition of carbon (D)electroplating 6. As compared to the elements, the compounds and alloys can be made superconductors at (a) higher temperatures (b) lower temperatures (c) the same temperature (d) much lower temperature 7. The magnetic lines of force are repelled back completely due to an effect called (a) BCS effect (b) Silsbee effect (c) Meissner effect (d) Bednorz effect 8. Magnetic susceptibility of a material is -1. It belongs to the kind of solid known as (a) ferrite (b) superconductor, type I (c) antiferromagnetic (d) garnet 9. The conductivity of a conducting material on being subjected to critical field changes to (a) normal state (b) unstable state (c) temperature independent state (d) temperature dependent state 10. The levitation phenomenon will help in the development of fast moving __________ train. B: Numericals: 1 During a test of transformer core, the iron loss of 245 W and 900 W were observed at 25 Hz and 60 Hz respectively. Compute: (i) the hysteresis loss at 60 Hz and (b) the eddy current loss. [(i) 365 W (ii) 535 W] 2. An iron specimen weighing 50 kg is subjected to magnetization at 50 c/s. The area of its hysteresis loop is equivalent to 0.25 kJ/m3. If the weight density of iron is 7500 kg/m3, determine the loss of energy per hour in the specimen. [0.083 kWh] 3. A 300 kW dynamo having 8 poles is driven at 375 rpm. Volume of its armature core made of a material of specific gravity 7.8, is 7.63 x 10-2 m3. It is subjected to a

maximum flux density of 1.2 T. Determine the core loss in it. Take the value of hysteresis coefficient as 0.002. [1.283 kW] 4. Calculate the energy lost per hour in a specimen of iron subject to magnetization at 50 c/s. The specimen weighs 50 kg and the hysteresis loop is equivalent in area to 250 J/m3. Density of iron is 7600 kg/m3. [300 kWh] C: Short Questions: 1. Explain the following term : Curie temperature 2. What are paramagnetic salts and where are they used? 3. What are ferrites? Name different types of ferrites. 4. Compare hard and soft magnetic materials. 5. What is Magnetostriction? Name some magnetostrictive materials.