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SAP Knowledge Transfer

SAP QM Module Notes


Jason. Liu
Q Q : 858854428

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

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QM ........................................................................................................................ 3
Inspection lot....................................................................................................... 5
Master Date............................................................................................................. 7
Dynamic Modification Rule ..................................................................... 9
Inspection Characteristic ......................................................................... 10
Material Specification................................................................................. 11
Inspection Planning....................................................................................... 12
DMR in Inspection Planning ......................................... 13
Result Record and Defect ............................................................. 14
Usage Decision and LIS............................................................................. 15
QM in ProcurementQM .................................................................................. 20
Q info ............................................................................................................ 21
QM System ISO .................................................... 23
Manufacturer Part NumberMPN ....................................................... 25
IPQC ........................................................................................................ 26
Inspection Point............................................................................................. 27
FQC .......................................................................................................... 28
QM Order ........................................................................................................ 29
SD CertificateSD ................................................................................................ 30
QM In SD ............................................................. 32
Batch Master Data................................................................................... 34
Batch Determination FIFO ............................................. 34
Batch Other........................................................................................... 36

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

1 QM
Quality Inspections
IQCIncoming Quality Control /
IPQCInput Process Quality Control /
OQCOutgoing Quality Control
FQCFinal Quality Control /

ISO 9000
ISO 9001
2828
GMP
Master data in QMQM
Inspection Type
Inspection Lot
Sampling Procedure
2%--3%
ISO
Sampling Scheme
1%5%6%

Dynamic Modification rules

Master Inspection Characteristic


1. 2.

Inspection Plan

Material Specification

Inspection Processes
Event-Controlled Processes
Information Management
Cause
Request for inspection
SAP

Inspection

Decision

SAP Knowledge Transfer

1.Goods movements
2. Orders
3. Deadline Monitoring

1.Inspection Lot
2.Inspection instruction
3.Sample-Drawing

1.Usage Decision

Inspection Lot Orgin

Goods movement
Orderproduction/maintenance
Sales order
Delivery
Deadline monitoring /
Manual
Recording inspection results

Defect data
Quality notification
Recording sequence

Record results for-Valuate characteristic-Close characteristic


-Make usage decision for inspection lot
Inspection completion

ABAP Email
Inspection in procurement
QM system ISO9001

Skip for certification

Inspection in production

SPC

Inspection in sales and distribution


/
Sales order
Delivery
Service
1. customer specific insp specification
1.control info
1.customer complaints
2. customer/material info records
2.inspection lot
2.return inspection
3. quality certificate
Quality certificate
certificate planning
certificate processing

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Event-controlled processes
Structure of a notification
Early warning system Email
Quality related cost
Appraisal costs
Quality inspection
Quality notification CO

Information management
notification

2 Inspection lot

Maintenance order
Goods movement
Production order
Customer order
SAP

PM

IPQC

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Delivery
DN
Deadline monitoring /
Manual

Status
Orgin data ,,

QA01

Material
Plant
Inspe.lot Orgin
/

Inspe.lot Qty

Insp.specifications
Simple

Preferred ins Typ


Active

/
Post to insp.stock
IQC
Insp.for HU
SD hand unit
Insp.with mat spec
Insp.with task list

Insp.by configuration
Automatic assignment
Check chars
QE51N
<><>
Smpl.procedure

AQL

100% inspection

Inspection%

Manual sample calc


Manual sample entry

Dyn.mod rule

Skips allowed 10 OK 11
Automatic UD QA11 OK
Serial numbers poss
QA32/QA33
05 501,561

---------

Movement type //

Deactivate Quality Inspection for a Movement Type


QM not active

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

QM 321/322 QM

------Goto---Additional Functions---Inspection lot


QA11
QM ---
5 5 5
08 QM QM
08

3 Master Date
Material MasterQuality Management View

Inspection Setup
Customizing

General data
Procurement data IQC

---------
Inspection planning
Task list usage 5
---------
Origins and Assign Inspection Types
LO

01
02
Inspection types for the origin
Var insptype
01
0101

0101
Inspection lot origin
Inspection type

---------
---------

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

QDV1 Sampling procedure

300 Sampling scheme AQL


300 Sampling scheme QDP1
Valuation parameters
Attributive insp

VarInsp. By S-method
Without valuation pars
Valuation mode 510

Sampling tables for


Insp.severities
10 OK 11
serverity/QAL
AQL

New
Insp.severity
001 Inspection without sampling scheme
002 Reduced inspection

004 Normal inspection


AQL
006 Tightened inspection

AQL value
1.0 2.0
Lot size
Sampling size
10
2
20
3
30
4

Lot size
Simple size
C1 D1 C2 D2
200
2
0
1
300
10
1
2
10 2

10
size
1 2 3 4

N N Y Y

Lot size300
20
color
Sample size10
30
weight
002

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

4 Dynamic Modification Rule

QDR1

1. 4
UD 4 Accept
2. 3
3. 1
4. 4
Dynamic Modification

For usage decision


At lot creation
OK
Rule blocked

Stage
Inspsev
Skip
Ist Short text
10
004
20
002
30
004
-----
10 Stage change

OKNo. of inspections 4 4 Max.skip.dur 100100


New inspec.stage
4 4 20
Not OKRejections
1 1 OK
New inspec.stage
10 10
YES
QDB1

QDL1 Quality Level


QDL3 Quality Level
Next stage
10
First
Insp.since change
1
OK
Not-OK in
Lot W/O decision
1
1 UD

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

5 Inspection Characteristic
---------------QA08

Plant
100
Material fert001

QS21

//
//

Status

2 Released
Incomplete copy model
1 Complete copy model
2 Reference characteristic

Short text
Search field

Sample
Sampling procedure 100 5
Results confirmation
Summ.recording
Single result
5

Insp.scope
Fixed scope
Docu.confirmation
No documentation
Print

print

charac.attrbute catalogs
Type
Lower specif.limit
Upper specif.limit
Check target value

tolerance key
Quantitative Date
Decimal places 2 2 Target value 10
Lower spec.lmt 5 5
Upper limit 15
15

------

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Tolerance key
Tolerance key Quantitative Data
Master dataCatalogs UD
UD AA1A2
Catalog types
Characteristic attributes
Tasks
Usage decisions UD
Events
Causes
Defect consequences

------------------QS41
A 5 AA1A2A3A4B 3
------------------QS51

Code Defect class


Selected set codes Q
Client CR
------------
Edit code groups and codes

Edit selected sets

6 Material Specification
Inspection method text
QS31

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

QS23

------------QS61

QE51N
QP01

05 05 Task list usage

QM01 Insp.char.required

Valuation mode 510


Valuation mode
100Attributive inspection nonconf units
Reject
200Attributive inspection Number of defects
N Defect
300Variable inspection S-method one-limit
310Variable inspe. S-method
two limits
400Valuation according to char.attrib.code
Defect Accept or Reject

500Manual valuation
700Mean value within tolerance range Accept or Reject
800SPC inspection
100, 200, 400, 700
UD

7 Inspection Planning
Quality planning
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Quality inspection

Quality control

Quality certificates

Quality Notifications
Test equipment management PM
QM
Sampling procedure/scheme
/
Dynamic modification

Material

Master insp chars/insp. Methods /


Other

Inspec.points
10 10PC
2 Reference characteristic

Formula
No Formula
Cak.charac

Input processing

Quantitative data
Formula Formula C030 3 +10
Conditional characteristics
Operation 100
CH10
Required Characteristic
CH20
After acceptance CH10
10 20

Results confirmation
Required char
Open char

After accept

After rejection

8 DMR in Inspection Planning

Dynamic mod. level


0 Dynamic modification at insp.tpe level /+
1 Dynamic modification at lot level

3 Dynamic modification at charac.level


Dynamic.mod.level 3 Dynamic modification at charac.level
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Sample modification rule


Quality level---QDL3 Def level charac.

9 Result Record and Defect

CC04
, BOM

QP61
QP05/
Result recording
work list
QE51N
manually
QE01
inspection list
QE32
Processing status
Status
Meaning

0 optional
confirmation is optional

1 required
confirmation is required
/ 2 processed confirmation was carried out

3 valuated
Accepted/rejected
/

4 skip
inspection skip

5 completed processing complete

6 subsystem external processing

A Required charac.-controlling charac.accepted


B Required charac.-controlling charac.rejected

force

Recording configuration
---setting---user setting
Process flow
Characteristic valuation
OK
Attribute codes OK
1.Tolerance range
2.Sampling plan variable inspection
3.Sampling plan Attributive inspection
4.SPC
Process-optimized results recording
Unplanned characteristics
Defects recording
Defect codes

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

usage decision
manually

QF11
results recording QE51N
Catalog profiles code group
Report type
Confirmation profile
------------

------------

---------

Catalog profile
Report type

Notification type

Material

Notification
QF11

Notification cording

QM03 QM02
QM01
F1=Q1
F2=Q2
F3=Q3
F1Customer error

F2Vendor error

F3Material error

F1
Q1
F Q

---------
01
F2 F2

10 Usage Decision and LIS


UD
UD
QMIS UD
Follow-Up actions

Inspection list QA32


Manually
QA11
Results recording QE51N
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Acceptance Rejection
Determine quality scoreNotes to the user
Follow-up action customer functions UP code

Stock

Production
Quality level
Statistics

Purchasing
Vendor

Maintain selected sets and set codes


Catalog 3
Plant
1000
Selected Set 04
UD
Automatic usage decision
Skipped inspection list

Customizing
Job interval1 hour
Delay time 15 minutes
7:45 UD

---------

Delay time for skip lot skip 15

15

Waiting time hrs


waiting timemins
QA17JOB planning MRP
waiting time
1H
7:50 +20 =810 8:10 Background job
900 RUN
RUN Auto. UD for skipped lots Skip
Auto. UD for completed lot

QA18Job Overview
SM37
Quality Score
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

QE51N
Cost Posting proposal UD UD
A4 Different Material VMENGE06 New material

---------

321,309
Proposed Batch status change UD
Batch
Rel Task list
Rel
---------

After post

SyncUpdt
OK
A
OK
A,OK,B,OK
B-Follow-up OK
A,OK,B,NO

Evaluations
MCXA
MCXC
MCXE
MCXG
MCXI
MCXK
MCXM
MXCB 1. By
2. By
Early warning systemEWS
Email
100 Email
---------------MC=Q EWS

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

MCV3 Exception

10
MCYL RUN Email
Info structure
---------------

Table

---------------

Field catalog
Application
Catalog category
Charact.catalog
Key figs.fld.catalog
Data catalog

SAP

price

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Purchasing Doc. Type

Update Group Update Group Application

---------

Update Group
Update Group
Update Rules Update
---------------
---
Info structure
Update groupstatus

Order Quantity
01
Suggest Rules


Copy

Requirement
FormulaRequirement
Formula LIS Requirement
RequirementT-codeMCIB
T-codeMCID
Update Group

Update
---------------
Purchasing

SAP

Info structure

SAP Knowledge Transfer

11 QM in ProcurementQM
Goods Receipt to inspection stock
QM

In the material master QM


In the purchase order
At goods receipt

QM in material masterQM

Basic Data
General data
Procurement Data

Inspection Setup Data


Comparison
Inspection planMaterial specification
Inspection plan
Material specification
QM during goods movementQM
Inspection lots for document items

100 10 10PC 10

------ control inslot


4 Key 1 For each material document materialbath and storage location
3 Key 2 For each material document batch and storage location

X For each Purchase order item


batch and storage location PO item
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

For each material document item 5

QAC2stock transfer
QAC1correct errors PO
102
Reset sample calculation
task list Sample size
task list Inspection plan data Inspe. Specifications

Task list/Spec CRTD REL

Cancel sample calculation QAC3


Change Inspection lotQA02:Sample

Smpl

Sample size
Control in procurementBusiness scenario

QM. Proc. Active QM control key


------ QM---
Document control
Tech.del.terms DMS
Q-agr.reqd
Q01Q02
QM control in procurement
Release required
Cert required

Block inactive
Block
Block invoice
UD

12 Q info
Message control for lock
Message mode W warning

E defects

I information
Quality info record for procurement
------------QI01

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Q-info record
Source inspection

Lead time in days


source insp-noGR GR

PO
---------------QI07

PO Insp.lot
QA11,

GR/Source inspection control


GR for rejection L Create new inspection lot
X Goods receipt not allowed
Source in section lot has no effect on the goods receipt
IQC L
X

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

13 QM System
ISO
Status of supply relationships
Status profile in the quality info record
Q-info record
3 2 1

Status
Status profile QM_P_002
BS22System status
BS02User status
BS02 QM_P_002
------ QM---

BS02

Status file
next status short text
origin
insp.type
QM_P_002
0002
prototype release
01
0101
QM_P_002
0003
preliminary series release 01
0102
QM_P_002
0004
production series release
01
01
01,0101,0102 PO
0101

0102
01 01

Revision level Q-info QI01Q-info record

ISO9001 ISO9002

------ QM--- QM

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

1299
Actual QM sys 1299
Q-info record 3180 3180,3180 9001 9001
PO
Skip for certification
------ QM---
QM certificate type E21
E21
------ QM---

A without/with lot error

PO
Purchase order data cert.enclosed
J Yes N No
NO
status CTCM
certification confirmation missing
QA11 ---Edit---confirm receipt of certificate
CROK certificate receipt confirmed
QA11
NO skip to stock skip

QI
UD
Mass maintenance of quality info recordsQI06 Q-info
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

PO Delivery QA control key 005Delivery release certificate

---------QC51
Purchase order
copy

Item

Delivery note
Cert.status 2 certificate received

QA11
QC55 Work list
Monitoring quality certificates
Quality level

Customer
Plant
Material
Vendor
Task list
Inspection type
Manufacturer
Dynamic mod. Level 1 Dynamic modification at lot level
Modification rule ZMI
Dynamic modification criteria
Material
Vendor
Customer
Manufacturer
QDL3 Level
3 Key
Key 561
QA10Trigger manually
Plant
Inspection type
Auto.UD for skipped lots UD
Auto.UD for completed lots UD
Include long-term characs
QA17Job planning

14 Manufacturer Part Number


MPN
3 4

1 1
A
SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

3
HERS

Manufacturer
Mfr part profile

PO

Mfr . part profile

---------

Order text for MPN material


MPN mandatory
MPN
Change in MPN
Info records for MPN material
QM processing for MPN
AMPL management
Updating of LIS

QM Q-info MPN Q-info


MPN MD04
PO MPN Profile

15 IPQC
Inspection lot orgins in production

03
13
03
KanBan
GR for order
Plant maintenance,PM
03/13
04
14
IPQC 100 80 20 IPQC
Task list
QM01

------Extras---Scheduling---Schedule

Lot size
Over view var
Scheduling results
SAP

PC

Update mat.master

SAP Knowledge Transfer

---Extras---consistency check---check
CA96
QA16

16 Inspection Point
10
10

03
Task list
By characteristic

QM-relevant data in routing/recipe

Additional QM basic data


Time-Based inspection

Inspection point setting in the task list


Task list
hander
Inspection point user fields

Partial lot assignment

Sample-drawing procedure

------------

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Free inspection pts


QE51N

Next Inspection
10
Yield 20
20 PC
Scrap
Rework qty

Partial conf

Final confirmtn
No confirmation
Confirmation
PCNF PP
10 Min
10 Min 20 Min 30 Min
Quan.pt.lot 100 80
100

17 FQC
IPQC
MFPR

PP02,Purchasing info record

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Purch.orginization

Purchasing Group

Material Group

Vendor

Plnd delivery time


days
Inspection type
0130
0130 WIP

Early Goods Receipt Inspection EGR


FQC

------04---Control linslot Y Early lot creation for order item


release Post

UD

UD
Post
NO
YES

YES
YES

NO
NO

18 QM Order

QM Order

------------QK04

KKF2

QE51N------confirm activities

QK05

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

19 SD CertificateSD

Make to order-----
Make to orderDN ---
Batch -
Complaint
Inspection--------Return--------Complaint

Certificate planning

Certificate processing

Shipping

Certificate planning

Profile

QM SD
Planning steps

---QM ---outgoing---Certificate profile---QC01

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Result orgin 01 Inspection result

02 Batch classification

03 Inspection/batch from production chain BOM

12 Material classification
001
Batch CH1------inspection lot----CH1
CH2------inspection lot----CH2
CH3------inspection lot----CH3
CH1=CH1 QE51N

10

DN ---delivery output---item/header
Issue delivery output DN DN

03 2 1

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

0005 Script Char_0005 Text element


>A <B
Skip
OK
Text for method Short text orgin 03

20 QM In SD

LO725QM In Sales & Distribution/Certificates


Inspec.type10

Q-info for SD
---------SD---QV51

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

---------

UD

---------

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

21 Batch Master Data


Chemicals Pharmaceuticals Cosmetics
Health and Hygiene Food Stuffs Retail
A batch is a quantity of any drug produced during a given cycle of manufacture.
The essence of a manufacturing batch is therefore its homogeneity

EXIT_SAPLVZ_001
EXIT_SAPLVZ_002
EXIT_SAPLVZ_003
EXIT_SAPLVZ_004
---------
---------/
Batch level
---
Plant
Material
Client
Plant-Material

9999
Batch Specification
MCH1

MCHA

MCH1

22 Batch Determination
FIFO

---

QA11

1 LOBM_ZUSTD MCH1

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

2
Status=Unrestricted
FIFOFirst In First Out

FEFOFirst ExpirationFirst Out


Batch Determination for Goods movements
Setting in customizing

--------- IM
/

MvTy
Text
S
Special stock descr
search
checkbatch
201
GI for costcenter
Z00001
Z00001

---------IM

Z00001
Batch search for IR332 Class Data
ZMM1
Z001

---------

Access Sequences
---------

SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Tab
Z001

23
22

Plant/Material

Movement Type/Material

MBC1
------------For IM

KTB_Raw_02 *
Where Size Size= Selection Criteria
Size 1-10
Size > 1
1
ZMM1 NO. of Split 2

Size > 1 ZMM1 Selection Type 0


> 1
PP SD

23 Batch Other
Condition Technique in pricing for batches
SD Rr00 Access Seq. Table 305,305 Batch

Shelf life expiration date


+- > =

MM01------Total shelflife 5

Min.rem.shelflife
2

Period Ind.for SLED


D

MCH1 HSDAT
VFDAT
SLED check in batch determination

MB56 Display batch where-used list


QM
CT04 QS21 4

Values Other values check


SAP

SAP Knowledge Transfer

Plant
Selected set

Catalog Char

SAP