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Post-Sendong Assessment Survey on the Status of Internally-Displaced Persons in Six Permanent Resettlement Sites of Iligan City Jose Dennis O. Mancia Esmeralda R. Padagas Helen S. Tejero

ABSTRACT

Arising from the enormous problems brought about by Tropical Storm Sendong that destroyed Iligan City on December 16-17 2011, this research study initiated by Iligan Medical Center College in collaboration with the Lig-ong Hiniusang Kusog sa Kabus, Inc. (LIHUK), and the Partnership for Philippine Support Service Agencies, Inc. (PHILSSA) is a post Sendong assessment survey on the status of internally-displaced persons in six permanent resettlement sites of Iligan City. The sites are: 1) the Red Cross Village of Barangay Digkilaan, 2) Bayanihan Village of Barangay Sta. Elena, 3) the Deus Caritas Village of Barangay Luinab, 4) GMA Kapuso Village of Barangay Mandulog, 5) Deus Caritas Village of Barangay Upper Tominobo, and 6) Deus Caritas Village in Barangay Dalipuga. The survey delved into the following: Part 1 discusses the general characteristics of Iligan City. This include its location and accessibility, topography and drainage, climate and vegetation, status of affected barangays, roles of stakeholders in addressing needs of IDPs, status of shelter needs, land use allocation and geo-hazard and risks assessment. Part 2 determines the demographic background of the research participants as to age, sex, marital status and educational attainment, nutrition status, type of food usually eaten, dwelling place before Sendong, properties owned before and after Sendong, members of family missing or dead, and other relevant incidents experienced after Sendong such as status of minority group, paid work before Sendong and self-assessment of current status of poverty. Part 3 describes the biological and physical status of the resettlement sites. This includes the types of materials used in housing units, types of contribution in housing construction, availability of water supply, electricity, garbage disposal system, land classification, and capability of housing sites and other problems encountered inside the relocation sites. Part 4 determines the socio-demographic status of the internally-displaced persons. This includes the agencies/groups that extended support, types of projects given, nature of financial assistance, sufficiency of support received, problems encountered regarding distance of resettlement sites to workplace, sources of income at present, and vulnerability to man-made and environmental risks and hazards. Recommendations were also proposed at the end of the assessment study. A triangulation of both qualitative and quantitative methods such as survey questionnaire, key informant interviews, participant observations and focus group discussions were employed to elicit data.

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RATIONALE

This descriptive study on the Post-Sendong Assessment on the Status of InternallyDisplaced Persons (IDPs) in Six Permanent Resettlement Sites of Iligan City is designed to provide data and information needed by development stakeholders in designing appropriate plans and interventions in addressing priority needs of IDPs in six permanent resettlement sites of Iligan City. It identified, determined and showcased how the physical needs (land, shelter, water, waste disposal system, energy and infrastructure); socio-economic needs (livelihood, mobility, accessibility, source of income, health and human security), and environmental needs (climate change adaptation and mitigation) were being responded to by stakeholders in the different permanent resettlement sites of the city. This study also proposed recommendations that may provide relevant insights on how to address the needs of IDPs, and what practical and doable action plans are to be adopted and implemented in said resettlement sites. The results of this study can be used as objective tools for analysis and decision-making among stakeholders in future development programs to be implemented to fill in the gaps. Formulation and preparation of survey tools, administration of survey instruments and other requirements of this study were done by research personnel of the Iligan Medical Center College (IMCC), and Lig-ong Hiniusang Kusog sa Kabus, Inc. (LIHUK), in collaboration with the Partnership for Philippine Support Service Agencies, Inc. (PHILSSA).