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On the Diplomatic Front

In the global war against terrorism, diplomacy is the instrument of power that builds political will and
strengthens international cooperation. Diplomatic exchanges with other countries promote counterterrorism
cooperation that serves our mutual interests. The U.S. builds capacity that bolsters the capabilities of our
allies in the war against terrorism. Diplomacy helps us take the war to the terrorists, to cut off the financial,
operational, and logistical resources they need and depend upon to survive.

On the Financial Front


Shortly after the terrorist attacks, President Bush signed an executive order (E.0.13224) to block
the funds of terrorists and anyone associated with terrorist groups or terrorism and asked the
Treasury Secretary to lead the campaign to expose, isolate, and incapacitate the terrorists'
financial networks.

The Department of State participates actively in the effort to bring allies and coalition partners
together to block assets, seize books, records, and evidence, and to follow audit trails to track
down terrorist organizations. Working with international organizations and countries around the
world, we have made it more difficult for terrorists to collect and move funds

In addition to passing resolutions (1267,1373,1390, and 1455) that form the legal basis for
freezing terrorist assets on a global basis and require the imposition of sanctions on terrorist
groups and those associated with them, the UN has also enacted resolutions requiring member
states to report on their national programs for combating terrorist finance, providing incentive to
improve them, if needed. The reports also help in the assessment of where the programs can be
improved.

Since 9/11, there has been considerable progress on the part of countries around the world to
equip themselves with the instruments they need domestically to clamp down on terrorist
financing. Countries around the world have:

• Adopted new laws and regulations or strengthening existing ones in the area of anti-
money laundering;
• Begun regulating, for the first time, networks outside banking channels ("halawa") that
are used by expatriate workers around the world to legitimately transfer money home to
relatives, but that also can be used by terrorists to transfer funds;
• Taken steps to identify and freeze the assets of terrorist groups masquerading as
charitable institutions and otherwise inhibit terrorists' use of this ruse.

In those cases where countries simply do not have the technical ability and skills to take action
against terrorist financing, the U.S. has worked with the international communite to address the
issue. Together with the Departments of the Treasury and Justice, we have engaged in
capacity -building initiatives in the areas of detection of trade-based mokney laundering, customs
training, anti-terrorist financing techniques and case studies for bank reviewers, and
financial investigative skills for law enforcement/counterterrorism officials.
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Fact Sheet

Washington, DC
October 30, 2001

United Against Terrorism

"As long as the United States of America is


determined and strong, this will not be an
age of terror; this will be an age of liberty,
here and across the world."
—President George W. Bush (September 20,
2001)

"The events of September 11 brought home


to us in tragic fashion the global reach of
terrorists in today's world. The lesson is
clear: To defeat terrorists, we must identify
them, we must find them, and we must
seize them wherever they are in the world
doing their evil deeds or plotting new evil
deeds."
—Secretary of State Colin Powell (October 10,
2001)

Fighting Terrorism on Many Fronts


The war on terrorism is being fought on many fronts through diplomatic, military, financial, intelligence,
investigative and law enforcement actions. Citizens from more than 80 countries were killed or injured in the
September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S. In an unprecedented coalition effort, nations from around the world
have joined with the U.S. in the fight against terrorism. The 22 "Most Wanted" suspected terrorists have been
identified as part of the worldwide assault on terror.

Diplomatic Actions

The United Nations Security Council unanimously enacted a binding resolution requiring all member
countries to pursue terrorists and those who support them, including financial support systems.
Nineteen NATO nations invoked Article V declaring an attack on one as an attack on all.
The OAS invoked the Rio Treaty, obligating signatories to consider an attack against any member as an
attack against all.

Military Actions

http://www.state.gov/coalition/cr/fs/5968.htm 5/6/2004
United Against Terrorism Page 2 of 3

• The U.S. military launched attacks on al Qaeda training camps and Taliban military installations in
Afghanistan starting on October 7, 2001.

Humanitarian Actions

• The U.S. is the leading donor of humanitarian aid to the Afghan people, allocating more than $500 million
in assistance in 2001.
• During military operations, the U.S. is continuing air drops of food and other humanitarian relief supplies
for the Afghan people.
• President Bush has asked all U.S. children to help by contributing $1 to America's Fund for Afghan
Children.

Financial Actions

• The United States and other nations have frozen millions of dollars in assets belonging to the Taliban,
Usama bin Laden and the al Qaeda network.
• Over 150 countries have joined the effort to disrupt terrorist assets.

Law Enforcement/Investigative Actions

• Counterterrorist operations have been intensified with more than 200 intelligence and security services
worldwide.
• The State Department's Rewards for Justice Program (www.dssrewards.net) is offering up to $25 million
for information leading to the arrest or conviction of those who have committed or are planning acts of
international terrorism.

U.S. Counterterrorism Policy


• Make no concessions to terrorists and strike no deals.
• Bring terrorists to justice for their crimes.
• Isolate and apply pressure on countries that sponsor terrorism to force them to change their
behavior.
• Bolster the counterterrorism capabilities of those countries that work with the U.S. and require
assistance.

International Response
British Prime Minister Tony Blair: "This is not a battle between the United States of America and terrorism, but
between the free and democratic world and terrorism. We, therefore, here in Britain stand shoulder to shoulder
with our American friends in this hour of tragedy, and we, like them, will not rest until this evil is driven from our
world."

Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs Ahmed Maher: "We are cooperating with the United States in many
ways...We believe that the United States, as the government of a country that believes in law and justice, will act
on the basis of a case -- a good case -- and I am sure they have a good case - against the culprits who
committed this horrible crime of September 11."

Indian External Affairs Minister Jaswant Singh: "We continue to hold that September 11 was an assault on
freedom, on civilization, on democracy...and we stand shoulder to shoulder with the international community and
the United States of America in our battle against this global menace."

Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi: "In the fight against terrorism and in the effort to assist the
victims, the people of all nations of the world, including the United States, must combine their efforts in
cooperation."

Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev: "It is imperative to strengthen international cooperation in combating this
global evil without frontiers and nationalities in order to prevent the repetition of what has happened."

http://www.state.gov/coalition/cr/fs/5968.htm 5/6/2004
E ON T E R R O
L\

WINNING THE WAR ON TERROR


'Vis /o/70 as the United States of America is determined and strong, this will not be an
age of terror; this will be an age of liberty, here and across the world."
—President George W. Bush
Defeat of Regimes Supporting Terror
Afghanistan:
• Dismantled the repressive Taliban regime.
Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC): To improve intelli-
• Denied al-Qaida safe-haven from which to plan, train,
gence sharing and coordination, the President directed the estab-
and conduct operations.
lishment of this Center to include CIA, FBI. DHS, DOD. and State.
Iraq:
• Defeated a regime that developed and used weapons of National Joint Terrorism Task Force: The FBI established this
mass destruction, that harbored and supported terrorists, Force and the Administration has expanded FBI-led intera-
committed outrageous human rights abuses, and defied gency Joint Terrorism Task Forces investigating terrorist activ-
the just demands of the United Nations and the world. ity around the country to 66.
• Shut down the Salman Pak training camp where mem-
bers of al-Qaida had trained. Foreign Terrorist Tracking Task Force: The Attorney General
• Eliminated from Iraq the Abu Musab al-Zarqawi net- established this Force to identity and locate terrorists.
work, which had established a poison and explosives
The State Department: The Department has developed tamp-
training camp in northeastern Iraq.
er-resistant visas & digital passports.
Worldwide Cooperation Against Terror Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI): President Bush launched
The U.S. sponsored (and the UN Security Council unani- this global initiative to take active measures against trafficking
mously adopted) Resolution 1373, which reaffirmed the in WMD. missiles, and related items around the world.
Council's condemnation of the September 11 terrorist
attacks and obligated UN members states to deny financ- where. Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Hong
ing, support, and safe harbor for terrorists. Kong have arrested dozens of terrorist leaders with al-
Qaida ties.
Law Enforcement: • Partnerships have been developed with both Canada and
• Nearly two-thirds of the senior al-Qaida leaders, opera- Mexico to stop illicit border crossings and facilitate legiti-
tional managers, and key facilitators have been killed or mate trade and travel.
taken into custody. • In the United States, al-Qaida-associated cells were dis-
• Almost all of those directly involved in orchestrating the rupted in Buffalo, New York and Portland, Oregon and
September 11 attacks are now in custody or confirmed individuals were arrested for supporting the Egyptian-
dead, including 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh based terrorist organization Al-Gamat Al-Islamiyya.
Muhammad and key plotters Ramzi bin al-Shibh and
Abu Zubaydah. Finances:
• More than 3,000 al-Qaida associates have been detained • More than 166 countries have issued orders freezing over
in over 100 countries. $ 137 million in terrorist-related financial assets.
• Pakistan has taken more than 500 suspected Taliban and • More than 300 terrorists, terrorist groups, and terrorist-
al-Qaida operatives into custody. connected entities have been designated under an
• Cells have been disrupted in Singapore, Italy, and else- Executive Order freezing their assets.

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF STATE U R E A U O F P U B L I C A F F A I R S 9/11/03


The Global War on Terrorism: The First 100 Days Pagel of 12

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The Global War on Terrorism: The First 100 Days

"We are supported by the collective will of the world."

-President George W. Bush

The Coalition Information Centers

Washington, U.S.A
London, U.K.
Islamabad, Pakistan

Executive Summary

"The attack took place on American soil, but it was an attack on the heart and soul of the civilized
world. And the world has come together to fight a new and different war, the first, and we hope the only
one, of the 21st century. A war against all those who seek to export terror, and a war against those
governments that support or shelter them."

-President George W. Bush, 10/11/01

On September 11, terrorists attacked freedom.

The world has responded with an unprecedented coalition against international terrorism. In the first 100 days
of the war, President George W. Bush increased America's homeland security and built a worldwide coalition
that:

• Began to destroy al-Qaeda's grip on Afghanistan by driving the Taliban from power.

• Disrupted al-Qaeda's global operations and terrorist financing networks.

• Destroyed al-Qaeda terrorist training camps.

• Helped the innocent people of Afghanistan recover from the Taliban's reign of terror.

• Helped Afghans put aside long-standing differences to form a new interim government that
represents all Afghans - including women.

President Bush is implementing a comprehensive and visionary foreign policy against international terrorism.
The President's policy puts the world on notice that any nation that harbors or supports terrorism will be
regarded as a hostile regime.

http://www.state.gOV/s/ct/rls/rpt/6947.htm 5/6/2004