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Sergio Fernndez American Literature Topic: Benjamin Franklin [Selection I & II]- Profesorado de Ingls - ISCC

Instituto Superior de Curuz Cuati Carrera: Profesorado de Ingls Ctedra: Literatura Norteamericana Profesor: Cristian Gobo Alumno: Sergio Fernndez Curso: 3er ao Ciclo Lectivo: 2013 Topic: Benjamin Franklin [Selection I & II] SELECTION I 1. a) What role did the game of chess play in Franklins study of foreign languages? The winner of every game was entitled to impose a task either in parts of the grammar to be got by heart, or in translations, which tasks the loser had to perform before the next meeting. b) What languages did Franklin learn? French, Italian, Spanish and Latin c) How did learning these languages help him? They helped him for reading books. 2. What is Franklins idea regarding how languages should be taught? The first language to be taught should be the Greek, then the Latin and after that all modern languages derived from them. 3. In what way did Franklin repay his brother for the problem he caused him in earlier years? He would take home his brothers son and bring him up to the printing business. 4. a) What was Franklins reaction to inoculation against smallpox? He regretted he had not given it to his son by inoculation. b) Why did he feel the way he did? Because of the sake of parents who omitted that operation. He deemed the regret would be the same either way, so the safer should be chosen. Page | 1

Sergio Fernndez American Literature Topic: Benjamin Franklin [Selection I & II]- Profesorado de Ingls - ISCC

5. According to Franklin, what were the advantages of forming additional clubs subordinate to the Junto? Improvement of so many more young citizens. Better acquaintance with the general sentiments of the inhabitants. Promotion of particular interests in business. Power of doing good by spreading the sentiments of the Junto.

SELECTION II A. 1. What method did Franklin offer to improve the police system of the city? He proposed the hiring of proper men to serve constantly in that business and the tax should be proportioned to the property. 2. a) How did Franklin propose to control fires? He proposed to form a company which was called the Union Fire Company b) What was the result? More and more companies of the like went on establishing till they became so numerous. The institution also flourished.

B. 3. Do you think the formation of the Junto was a good idea? Explain your reasons. Yes. Its members wanted to improve themselves, their community and to help others. Since the members were drawn from diverse occupations and backgrounds, it was a good opportunity to establish and consolidate the relationship with each other.

True or False Exercises --- Place a T before the statement if it is true and an F if it is false. Correct the statement if it is false. 1. __F____ The six shilling tax was a fair tax, regardless of a persons income. Poor housekeepers paid as much as the wealthiest. 2. ___F____ Franklins plans for improving the work of the constable were put to use immediately. It was carried into execution a few years after, when the members of the Junto as well as of the subordinate clubs were grown into more influence. 3. ____T____ The members of the Union Fire Company held meetings once a month.

4. ____F_____ The fines paid by members of the Union Fire Company who were absent from meetings were used to buy books for the library. The fines paid by members of the Union Fire Company who were absent from meetings were used to buy fire- engines, ladders, fire-hooks and other useful implements for each company.

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Sergio Fernndez American Literature Topic: Benjamin Franklin [Selection I & II]- Profesorado de Ingls - ISCC

5. ____T______ During Franklins lifetime, the Union Fire Company was the only fire company in Philadelphia.

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