5 views

Uploaded by EntropyPrinciple

Mathematics

- Multivariable Chapter7
- MKT201_HW2_soln-02-11-2017-10-53-09-4044764722
- calg s2 5 filled in
- Lectures math
- Assignment for Engg Maths
- unit-ii-vector-differential-calculus.doc
- UCOE-UCSC Math 23B_Calculus 4 (Spring 17) - Section 17.2.pdf
- Problem Set 3 (Macro theory)
- 1973-62 Simplified Theory of Rolling Contact
- My Mind is Turning Into Scrambled Eggs!
- Differential_geometry1.pdf
- calg s2 5
- Vector Calculus 1
- Particle Size Distribution Example
- Unit-5
- f g folio
- Pre-Algebra Lesson 1.3
- JEE Advanced 2014 Syllabus for Mathematics
- HW15 Problems
- design a roller coaster project

You are on page 1of 4

. If [a, b] I then let C = x([a, b]) be the image of [a, b] and let f : C R be a function. Denition 27.1. The line integral of f along C is

b

f ds =

C a

Let u : J I be a dieomorphism between two open intervals. Suppose that u is C 1 . Denition 27.2. We say that u is orientation-preserving if u (t) > 0 for every t J . We say that u is orientation-reversing if u (t) < 0 for every t J. Notice that u is always either orientation-preserving or orientationreversing (this is a consequence of the intermediate value theorem, applied to the continuous function u (t)). Dene a function y : J Rn , by composition, y (t) = x(u(t)), so that y = x u. Now suppose that u([c, d]) = [a, b]. Then C = y ([c, d]), so that y gives another parametrisation of C . Lemma 27.3.

b d

f (x(u)) x (u) du =

a c

Proof. We deal with the case that u is orientation-reversing. The case that u is orientation-preserving is similar and easier.

1

d d

f (y (t)) y (t) dt =

c c

d

=

c a

b b

= =

a

Now suppose that we have a vector eld on C , F : C Rn . Denition 27.4. The line integral of F along C is

b

F ds =

C a

b d F (y (t)) y (t) dt c d c F (y (t)) y (t) dt

F (x(u)) x (u) du =

a

Proof. We deal with the case that u is orientation-reversing. The case that u is orientation-preserving is similar and easier. As u is orientation-reversing, we have u(c) = b and u(d) = a and so,

d d

F (y (t)) y (t) dt =

c c a

b b

= =

a

Example 27.6. If C is a piece of wire and f (x) is the mass density at x C , then the line integral f ds,

C

is the total mass of the curve. Clearly this is always positive, whichever way you parametrise the curve.

2

Example 27.7. If C is an oriented path and F (x) is a force eld, then the line integral F ds,

C

is the work done when moving along C . If we reverse the orientation, then the sign ips. For example, imagine C is a spiral staircase and F is the force due to gravity. Going up the staircase costs energy and going down we gain energy. Denition 27.8. Let U Rk and V Rl be two open subsets. We say that f : U V, is smooth if all higher order partials nf (x1 , x2 , . . . , xk ), xi1 . . . xin exist and are continuous. Denition 27.9. Now suppose that X Rk and Y Rl are any two subsets. We say that a function f : X Y, is smooth, if given any point a X we may nd a U Rk open, and a smooth function F : U Rl , such that f (x) = F (x), where x X U (equivalently f |X U = F |X U ), and we put Df (x) = DF (x). We say that f is a (smooth) dieomorphism if f is bijective and both f and f 1 are smooth. Notice that in the denition of a dieomorphism we are now requiring more than we did (before we just required that f and f 1 were dierentiable). Remark 27.10. Note that if X is not very big then Df (x) might not be unique. For example, if X = {x} is a single point, then there are very many dierent ways to extend f to a function F in an open neighbourhood of x. In the examples we consider in this class, this will not be an issue (namely, manifolds with boundary).

3

Example 27.11. The map x : [a, b] Rn , is smooth if and only if there is a constant > 0 and a smooth function y : (a , b + ) Rn , whose restriction to [a, b] is the function x, y (t) = x(t) Lemma 27.12. If x : [a, b] Rn , is injective for all t [a, b], then x : [a, b] C = x([a, b]), is a dieomorphism. for all t [a, b].

- Multivariable Chapter7Uploaded bygopalchandramahato
- MKT201_HW2_soln-02-11-2017-10-53-09-4044764722Uploaded byTayyip Tahiroğlu
- calg s2 5 filled inUploaded byapi-261379705
- Lectures mathUploaded byKarrar Waeli
- Assignment for Engg MathsUploaded byPradeep Raghuwanshi
- unit-ii-vector-differential-calculus.docUploaded bybanikhyi
- UCOE-UCSC Math 23B_Calculus 4 (Spring 17) - Section 17.2.pdfUploaded byMorvaridYi
- Problem Set 3 (Macro theory)Uploaded byDzhandarova Nurfatima
- 1973-62 Simplified Theory of Rolling ContactUploaded byStefan Tudorache
- My Mind is Turning Into Scrambled Eggs!Uploaded byArchy Calizo
- Differential_geometry1.pdfUploaded bysandokantygru
- calg s2 5Uploaded byapi-261379705
- Vector Calculus 1Uploaded byAndreaMiccaBautista
- Particle Size Distribution ExampleUploaded byAnonymous uURFSSl
- Unit-5Uploaded byPrantik Das
- f g folioUploaded byapi-288121904
- Pre-Algebra Lesson 1.3Uploaded by412137
- JEE Advanced 2014 Syllabus for MathematicsUploaded byRahul Chaudhary
- HW15 ProblemsUploaded bymdelano193
- design a roller coaster projectUploaded byapi-356462840
- Numerical Hw 2Uploaded byhamsander
- Curve FittingUploaded byuser2127
- Math 785 Notes 9Uploaded byksr131
- M.sc Mathematics Semester I.Uploaded byMadhav patil
- Numerical Methods With ExcelUploaded bysohail66794154
- Monte Carlo MarchingUploaded byJacob H. (Jack) Lashover
- Skema MT 2 Percubaan Pmr 2012 N9 by Norfanil.comUploaded byFaidzil Bin Edham
- OUTCOME 1Uploaded byPandimadevi Ganesan
- 443_6-1Uploaded byMauro Calefi
- Linear Systems Final Exam Review ProblemsUploaded bymrdantownsend

- l_24Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_30Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_32(1)Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_32(1)Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_22Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_25Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_23Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_33Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_26Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_31Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_29Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_28Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_21Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_34Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_20Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_14Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_16Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_8Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_19Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_10Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_6Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_13Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_7Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_18Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_15Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_12Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_11Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_9Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple
- l_17Uploaded byEntropyPrinciple

- Questioned-Document-Examination.pptxUploaded byEduardoLimaSilva
- Design and Simulation of Indium Gallium NitrideUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Astrolabe Free ChartUploaded bybestbryant
- Halal Industry Development CorporationUploaded byAinus Sakinah
- Souza, 2016Uploaded byRenata Souza
- 細胞神經科學-授課大綱-Fall2013-焦傳金Uploaded byXiaoting Kuang
- Tarot+EtteilaUploaded byOmorogah Hagmo
- Contemporary Business Mathematics With Canadian Applications DepreciationUploaded byGarry Hit
- Toontrack Ezdrummer Operation ManualUploaded bypetetindal
- Coast ManagementUploaded byTarazewicz
- Hybrid MPPT Charge Controller & Remote Monitoring for a Hybrid Solar and Micro Wind Power GeneratorUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Case Study in TQM to Be SubmiitedUploaded byMa Gliza Tan
- Is Medibank HQ the World's Healthiest Building to Work InUploaded byIan Delos Santos
- Super Compilation EST Nov 2007 Boards.xlsUploaded byJohn Paul M. Tubig
- 1539680834604_CV RIZKY AMBARAUploaded byRizky Ambara Ritonga
- annotaded bibliographyUploaded byapi-255006592
- SolidWorks Advanced 2013 14Uploaded byThiên Khánh
- EE2201-MI-1Uploaded byMd Rasheduzzaman Al-Amin
- 1511.06434.pdfUploaded byTote123456789
- MaterialsUploaded byCatalin Bunescu
- RMP Lecture NotesUploaded byGiuseppe Attuario
- Verb HierarchyUploaded byamierlearing
- mikroişlemciler1Uploaded byBulut Özenç
- 00030465Uploaded byOrtiz Catalina
- Synopsis EditedUploaded byVivek Rohilla
- october 21 issue 1Uploaded byapi-298167368
- 1819 Fed School Code ListUploaded byoperafish
- 2010 OL ICT Model Paper @ apepanthiya.lk.pdfUploaded byanon_298197430
- Daily QuizUploaded bykanarendran
- Use of Information Technology in Governance in respect of Smart citiesUploaded byAdvanced Research Publications