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29 8

Vol.29 No.8

2012 8

Aug. 2012

ENGINEERING

MECHANICS

71

1000-4750(2012)08-0071-09

( 100084)

U448.213; TU391

doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2010.08.0618

EFFECTIVE STIFFNESS METHOD FOR CALCULATING DEFLECTION


OF CORRUGATED WEB GIRDER
NIE Jian-guo , LI Fa-xiong , FAN Jian-sheng
(Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

Abstract:

By introducing a shear rotation function accounting for the shear deformation in the webs, the paper

presents a beam theory model of corrugated web girder, where the flexural behavior of corrugated web girder is
modeled as the combination of truss action and bending action between upper flange and lower flange. Then
analytical solutions for simply supported corrugated steel web girders and cantilever corrugated steel web girders
are derived under uniformly distributed load and concentrated load, and the analytical solutions are well verified
through a comparison with FEM results. In order to determine the deformation of corrugated web girders for the
purpose of practical design, a simplified design method to calculate the deflection of corrugated web girders
considering web shear deformation is presented by introducing an importance parameter. The deflections
calculated by this method agree well with those obtained from experiments. According to the comparison of
calculated deflections among different design methods for corrugated web girders, the simplified method
presented in this study has good accuracy and is convenient to use.
Key words:

corrugated web girder; shear deformation; deflection; effective stiffness; experiment

( 1(a)) 20 80

2010-08-272011-02-21
-(2009G003-B)
(IRT00736)
(1958)-(E-mail: neijg@tsinghua.edu.cn).
(1984)-(E-mail: lifaxiong@sina.com)
(1975)-(E-mail: jsh.fan@tsinghua.edu.cn).

72

( 1(b))

(a)

1
Fig.1

(b)

Various types of corrugated steel web girders

[1

2]

10%~40%

1997

1
2

Hamilton Elgaaly[2] 6

1999
El-Metwally [3] 5

2001 Khalid Chan [4]


2

(LUSAS)2003 [5

6]

Fig.2

Flexural behaviors of corrugated steel web girders

{ o, x, y, z } x

2003

Mo L Y [7] 4

xz

2002

[8]

3 f ou oL

2008 [9] 3

xz

ou oL

[10][11

12]

uu

5)

'

oL

ou

hu

ouL
z

ooLL
3

Fig.3

hL

huL

w
w'

uL

xL

73

ou x
w f u
z ouL

g xz

4
N u = -( EA)u hu f

N L = ( EA) L hLf
M u = -( EI )u w

zL

M L = -( EI ) L w

N u ( EA)u

Analytical model of corrugated steel web girder

w f
u

uu ( x, y, z ) = u - hu f - zu w
u L ( x, y, z ) = u + hL f - z L w

(1)
(2)

hu hL
zu
z
z L
z

u = 0

e u = -hu f - zu w

e L = hL f - z L w
h
g w = uL ( w + f )
hw

(4)

(3)

e u

N L
( EA) L M u
( EI )u

M L ( EI ) L

N = N u + N L = 0

( EA)u hu = ( EA) L hL

(6)

M = Mb + Mt
Mb = Mu + M L

q
Mu
Nu

ML

Vu +

Vu

Vw

VL
z

1)

3)
4)

Vu
dx
x

M u
Mu +
dx
x
N u
dx
Nu +
x
Vw
Vw +
dx
x M u + M u dx
x
N
N u + u dx
x
V
VL + L dx
x

dx
dx

NL

2)

(7)

M t = - N u hu + N L hL
M M b
M t

g w huL
huL = hu + hL hw

(5)

e L

Nu = - N L

Fig.4

Infinitesimal segment model of corrugated steel


web girder

[12

15]

[16]

74

(bw + d w )Gs
(8)
(bw + d w / cos q )
Gs bw
d w

w(0) = 0 w(0) = 0 f (0) = 0


,
,

w( L) = 0 w( L) = 0 f ( L) = 0

Geff =

h
Vw = Geff Awg w = Geff Aw uL ( w + f )
(9)
hw
Aw

(11)(10)
h
Vt = Vw = Geff Aw uL ( w + f )
hw

B1f - C (f + w) = 0

4
f (4) - A1f = A2 Q( x)
A1 =

f ( x) =
(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)
(14)

B1 = ( EA)u hu2 +
B1
( EA) L hL2 B2 B2 =
( EI )u + ( EI ) L C
h
C = Geff Aw uL = Geff tw huL
hw

C3 = -

Fig.5

r12

+ C3 x +

A2 qLx 2 A2 qx3
+
4 A1
6 A1

(18)

A1

q ( B1r 2 - C )
Cr 2 ( B1 + B2 )

(20)

(15)

x=

L
2

C2 cosh(rx)

(20)(19)

q
1 (r 2 L2 - 12) Lq
,
C
=
,
4
24 ( B1 + B2 )r 2
r 2 ( B1 + B2 )

C5 = -

r12

x
CA2 qx3 L - - 6 B1 A2 qx( L - x)
2

12CA1
1
C3 x 2 - C4 x + C5
(19)
2
(16)
C1 ~ C5
q
q
rL
C1 = , C2 =
tanh ,
r ( B1 + B2 )
r ( B1 + B2 )
2

C1 sinh(rx)

(18)(14)
1
B
w( x) = 1 - 3 (C1 cosh(rx) + C2 sinh(rx)) +
Cr r

q
q
q
M ( x) = ( L - x) x ,
Q( x) = ( L - 2 x)
2
2

(17)

-C
( B2 + B1 )C
A2 =

B1 B2
B1 B2

C4 r =

(10)(12)

B2 w(3) - C (f + w) = V

(13)(14)

V = M = M b + M t = Vb + Vt

M b = -[( EI )u + ( EI ) L ]w = Vb

2
2
M t = [( EA)u hu + ( EA) L hL ]f = Vt
4
V = Vu + VL + Vw = Vb + Vw

(16)

Simply supported corrugated steel web girder under


uniformly distributed load

5qL4
+
384( B1 + B2 )

B13 B2 q

+
rL
( B1 + B2 ) C cosh
2
2 2
3
q[48CL B1 ( B1 + B2 ) - 384 B1 B2 ]
(21)
384( B1 + B2 )3 C 2
3

L
x=
2

2000kN
8 q =

rL
P(24C - 24r 2 B1 ) sinh
2
(22)
rL
3
48( B1 + B2 )Cr cosh
2

B13 B2 q
qL4
wx = L =
+
8( B1 + B2 ) ( B1 + B2 )3 C 2 cosh(rL)
q[4CL2 B12 ( B1 + B2 ) + 8 B13 B2 ]
8( B1 + B2 )3 C 2

75

q=100kN/m P=

1
B
L 1 - 2
C r
PL
=
+
+
48( B1 + B2 )
4( B1 + B2 )
3

100kN/m P = 1000kN
1/4 7 8

0
/mm

40
60

(23)

Mid Span

1.2
0.8

FEM

0.0

(24)

-1200 -900 -600 -300 0 300 600 900 1200


/me

(b)

6
L = 24m

12

1.6

0.4

B2 ( B1 + B2 ) 2 Cr 3 cosh(rL)

4
6
8 10
/m

2.0

B12 L
PL3
=
+
3( B1 + B2 ) ( B1 + B2 ) 2 C
3CB1 P( B1 + B2 ) sinh(rL)

(a)

Fig.7

1200mm ()

7
The deformation and strain distribution of simply
supported corrugated steel web girders
00

()

100
100

/mm
/mm

200
200

300
300

FEM
FEM

400
400
500
500

Ec = 3.43 104 MPa

00

Es = 2.06 10 MPa

tw = 2mm

2.0
2.0

d w = 150mm

1.6
1.6

q = 45o

/mm

10
10 15
15 20
20
/m
/m

25
25

0.8
0.8

0.0
0.0

ABAQUS

1.2
1.2

0.4
0.4

Section view of example corrugated steel web girders

FEM
FEM

-1200-800
-800 -400
-400 00 400
400 800
800 1200
1200
-1200
/
/me

(b) 1/4

55

(a)

bw = 150mm

Fig.6

( B1 + B2 )3 C 3 cosh(rL)

80

qrB12 B22 L(-r 2 B1 + C ) sinh(rL)

wx = L

FEM

20

Fig.8

8
The deformation and strain distribution of cantilever
corrugated steel web girders

76

1.2
1.0

0.8

(21)~(24)

0.2
0.0

x=

x=

L
2

L
2

=
=

0.4

0.6

100

200
300
z z

5qL
384 B

PL3
48B

(25)

9
Fig.9

(26)

400

500

l z

Reduced coefficient l variation upon z

(29)

L 10m~50m
bc 1.0m~5.0m hc

qL

(27)
8B
PL3

(28)
wx = L =
3B
B
B = B1 + B2

0.1m~0.5m hw 0.5m~2.5m

10(a) 10(b)
q = 10kN/m

wx = L =

Beff = l B1 + B2

(29)

l 0~1
l = 1
Beff = B1 + B2 = B

tw 4m~16m
o
o
q 0 ~90

2000
(29)

P = 125kN 10(c)
10(d) 10 (29)

0.5
0.4

0.3

l
10
l =1
(30)
z + 10
2.5

(31)
l =1z + 2.5
z

z =

Geff tw huL L2
B1

huL

0.2

/
2000
0.993
0.003

0.1
0.0
0.0

0.1

0.2
0.3
/m

0.4

0.5

(a)
0.5

0.4
/m

z (21)~(24)

/m

0 Beff = B2

0.3
0.2

L l

0.1

0.0
0.0

/
2000
1.025
0.011
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

/m

(b)

Table 1 Comparison of deflection calculation and


experimental measurements of prestressed composite girders
with corrugated webs

/m

0.6
0.4

/
2000
1.043
0.018

0.2
0.0
0.0

0.2

0.4
0.6
/m

0.8

[10]
1.0

(c)

/m

(2002)

[17]
(2004)

1.0
0.8

77

1.0
0.8

0.4

/
2000
1.002
0.007

0.2
0.0
0.0

0.2

0.4
0.6
/m

0.8

15

0.41 0.29 0.71 0.44 1.07 0.42 1.02

20

0.56 0.38 0.68 0.59 1.05 0.56 1.00

25

0.70 0.48 0.69 0.73 1.04 0.70 1.00

0.22 0.18 0.83 0.22 0.99 0.22 0.97

10

0.48 0.37 0.77 0.44 0.92 0.43 0.90

20

1.01 0.73 0.73 0.88 0.87 0.86 0.85

30

1.41 1.10 0.78 1.32 0.93 1.29 0.92

40

2.04 1.47 0.72 1.76 0.86 1.72 0.84

35

1.05 1.00 0.95 1.13 1.08 1.13 1.08

Fig.10 Comparison of deflection of corrugated


web girders using simplified method and
analytical solution

2.60 2.28 0.88 2.59 1.00 2.59 1.00

125

4.18 3.56 0.85 4.05 0.97 4.04 0.97

(2007)

170

6.03 4.84 0.80 5.51 0.91 5.50 0.91

215

8.00 6.13 0.77 6.97 0.87 6.96 0.87

11.6

0.53 0.45 0.86 0.57 1.07 0.55 1.04

15.3

0.69 0.60 0.87 0.75 1.08 0.73 1.05

20.3

0.92 0.80 0.86 0.99 1.08 0.96 1.05

25.2

1.14 0.99 0.87 1.23 1.08 1.19 1.05

30.1

1.36 1.18 0.87 1.47 1.08 1.43 1.05

35.0

1.58 1.37 0.87 1.71 1.08 1.66 1.05

10.5

0.47 0.44 0.94 0.53 1.13 0.52 1.10

15.6

0.67 0.65 0.98 0.79 1.18 0.77 1.14

20.3

0.88 0.85 0.97 1.02 1.16 1.00 1.13

25.2

1.13 1.06 0.93 1.27 1.13 1.24 1.10

30.4

1.38 1.27 0.92 1.53 1.11 1.49 1.08

35.1

1.61 1.47 0.91 1.77 1.10 1.72 1.07

40.4

1.85 1.69 0.92 2.04 1.10 1.98 1.07

50

0.26 0.16 0.60 0.26 1.02 0.26 1.01

100

3.39 1.65 0.49 3.68 1.09 3.68 1.08

80

2.72 1.32 0.49 2.95 1.08 2.94 1.08

60

2.37 0.99 0.42 2.21 0.93 2.21 0.93

40

1.67 0.66 0.40 1.47 0.88 1.47 0.88

[12,1920]

(2007)

(
)

Ling
Huang[21]

(
)

(2004)

A80(
)
A110(

A.EI

1 ft

Metwally

ftr

(2003)

[3]

)
A175(
)

fth

A215(

fpre

ft

(29)
1 1

fpre

[14,18]

fth

80

(29)

ftr

1.0

f pre

kN

ft

(d)
10

fth
ft

0.6

ftr
ft

0.78

1.03

1.01

0.16

0.08

0.07

10%~40%

78

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[2]

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