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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

CHAPTER 12
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METALLIC CABLE TRANSMISSION MEDIA


DEFINITIONS TERMS Guided Transmission Media Unguided Transmission Media Cable Transmission Medium

Provides a conduit in which electromagnetic signals are contained. Emitted then radiated through air or a vacuum. Used to propagate electromagnetic signals between two locations in a communications system.

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Most common means of interconnecting devices in local area networks.

Cable Transmission Systems

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Metallic conductor system used to transfer electrical energy from one point to another using electrical current flow. Two basic kinds of waves. The rate at which the periodic wave repeats.

Transmission line

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longitudinal and transverse Frequency

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Currents that flow in opposite directions in a balanced wire pair. Currents that flow in the same direction. Cancellation of common mode signals.

Metallic circuit currents Longitudinal currents Common mode rejection

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One wire is at the ground potential, whereas the other is at signal potential.

Single-ended or unbalanced

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A circuit device used to connect a balanced transmission line to an unbalanced load.

balun

Prepared By : MA. ELAINE L. CORTEZ

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

14)

Most common metallic cables used to interconnect data communications systems and computer networks.

Parallel-conductor transmission lines and coaxial transmission lines.

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Formed by twisting two insulated conductors around each other. Types of twisted pair. Coupling that takes place when a transmitted signal is coupled into the received signal at the same end of the cable.

Twisted-pair Unshielded twisted pair and Shielded twisted pair

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Near-end crosstalk

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Standard color code specified by the EIA for CAT-5 cable.

Pair 1: blue/white stripe and blue Pair 2: orange/white stripe and orange Pair 3: green/white strip[e and green Pair 4: brown/white stripe and brown Braid

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Woven into a mesh.

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Name given to the area between the ceiling and the root in a single-story building or between the ceiling and the floor of the next higher level in a multi-story building.

Plenum

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Used for high data transmission rates to reduce losses and isolate transmission path.

Coaxial

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Refers to the woven stranded mesh that surrounds some types of coaxial cables.

Shielding

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One layer of foil insulation and one layer of braided shielding.

Dual shielded

Prepared By : MA. ELAINE L. CORTEZ

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

24) 26)

Types of coaxial cables. Uniformly distributed throughout the length of the line.

Rigid air-filled; solid flexible Distributed parameters

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Transmission characteristics of a transmission line.

Secondary constants

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Impedance seen looking into an infinitely long line.

Surge impedance

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Expressed the attenuation and the phase shift per unit length of a transmission line.

Propagation constants

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Ratio of the actual velocity of propagation of an electromagnetic wave through a given medium to the velocity of propagation through a vacuum.

Velocity factor.

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Relative permittivity of a material.

Dielectric constant Conductor loss, radiation loss, dielectric heating loss, coupling loss and corona Incident voltage

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Several ways in which signal power is lost.

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Voltage that propagates from the source toward the load.

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Voltage that propagates that propagates from the load toward the source.

Reflected voltage

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Transmission line with no reflected power.

Flat or non resonant line

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Vector quantity that represents the ratio of reflected voltage to incident voltage or reflected current to incident current.

Reflection coefficient

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Incident power is absorbed by the load.

Matched line
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Prepared By : MA. ELAINE L. CORTEZ

BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

38)

Incident power returned (reflected) to the source.

Unmatched or mismatched line

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Two travelling waves set up an interference pattern.

Standing wave

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Ratio of the maximum voltage to the minimum voltage or the maximum current to the minimum current of a standing wave on a transmission line.

Standing-wave ratio

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Used to matched transmission lines to purely resistive loads whose resistance is not equal to the characteristic impedance of the line.

Quarter-wavelength transformers

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A technique that can be used to locate an impairment in a metallic cable

Time domain reflectometry (TDR)

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Return signal.

Echo

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Simply a flat conductor separated from a ground plane by an insulating di-electric material.

Microstrip

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Simply a flat conductor sandwiched between two ground planes.

Stripline

Prepared By : MA. ELAINE L. CORTEZ

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