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BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA

PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP 2013 PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

BIOLOGI
Kertas 3 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

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QUESTION 1 Question Mark Scheme Able to record all two readings accurately. 1(a) Answers: Type of earlobe Number of students Free 14 Attached 6 Marks 3

Able to record any 1 readings accurately. No response Or Wrong response Able to state two different observations correctly according to the criteria: P1: Type of earlobe P2 : Number of students Sample answers: ( Horizontal observations ) 1. The number of students with free earlobe is 14. 2. The number of students with attached earlobe is 6. ( Vertical observations ) 3. Number of students with free earlobe is more than the students with attached earlobe. Able to state one correct observation and one inaccurate observation. or Able to state two inaccurate observations. Sample answers: ( Inaccurate observations ) 1. The number of students with free earlobe is high / more. 2. The number of students with attached earlobe is less. Able to state one correct observation or Able to state two observations at idea level Sample answers: ( Idea level ) 1. Different students have different type of earlobe. ( P2 only ) 2. There are two types of earlobe. ( P2 only ) 3. Number of students changes. ( P1 only ) No response Or Wrong response

2 0

1(b)(i)

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Question

Mark Scheme Summary of scoring for observations: Correct Inaccurate Idea Wrong 2 -

Marks

Score 3

1 -

1 2

1 1 -

1 1 -

1 2 1 1

1 1 1

1 (b) (ii) [KB0604 - Making inferences] Question Mark Scheme Able to state two inferences correctly based on the following criteria: 1(b)(ii) P1: Trait P2: Dominant / recessive Sample answers: 1. ( Free earlobe ) trait is dominant . 2. ( Attached earlobe ) trait is recessive. Able to state one correct inference and one inaccurate inference Or Able to state two inaccurate inferences ( 1P only ) Sample answers: ( Inaccurate inference ) 1. ( Free earlobe ) is a dominant . 2. ( Attached earlobe ) is a recessive. 3. ( Attached earlobe and free earlobe ) are traits that can be inherited. Able to state one correct inference Or Able to state one inference at idea level. Sample answer: ( Idea level ) 1. Type of earlobe is a discontinuous variation. 2. Type of earlobe occurs randomly. No response or wrong response 0 1 2 Marks 3

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Question

Mark Scheme Summary of scoring for inferences: Correct Inaccurate Idea 2 -

Marks

Score 3

Wrong -

1 -

1 2

1 1 -

1 1 -

1 2 1 1

1 1 1

1 (c) [KB061001 - Controling Variables] Question Mark Scheme Able to state all the variables and the method to handle the variables 1(c) correctly. Sample answers: Variables Manipulated variable: Type of earlobe // Trait Responding variable: Number of students Dominant / Recessive Marks 3

Method to handle the variables Select different type of earlobe / trait

// Record the number of students. // Record / State / Determine the dominant / recessive ( trait ) Use only male students / test on 20 students

Controlled variable: Gender of students // Total number of students

6 ticks Able to state 4 - 5 of the variables and the method to handle the variables correctly. 4-5 ticks Able to state 1 - 3 of the variables and the method to handle the variables correctly. 2-3 ticks No response or wrong response 0 tick

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1 (d) [KB0611 - Making Hypothesis] Question Mark Scheme Able to state a hypothesis based on following aspects: 1(d) P1: Manipulated variable ( Type of earlobe // Trait ) P2: Responding variable ( Number of students // Dominant / Recessive ) P3: Relationship ( higher / lower / ) Sample answers: 1. The number of students with free earlobe is higher than that with attached earlobe. Able to state a hypothesis inaccurately based on any two aspects: Sample answer: 1. Attached earlobe / free earlobe is recessive / dominant trait. ( P1 and P2 ) 2. The number of students depends on the type of earlobe. ( P2 and P1 ) Able to state a hypothesis based on any one aspect or Able to state a hypothesis at idea level. Sample answer: 1. The number of students depends on the type of variation. ( P2 only ) 2. Type of earlobe is a discontinuous variation. ( P1 only ) 1 2 Marks 3

No response or wrong response 0 tick 1 (e)(i) [KB0606 - Communicating] Question Mark Scheme Able to construct a table which contain the following aspects: 1(e)(i) T : Title with correct unit D1 : Data for type of earlobe recorded correctly D2 : Data for number of student recorded correctly Answer: Type of earlobe Attached Free Number of student 4 16

Marks 3

Able to construct a table based on any two correct aspects Able to construct a table based on any one correct aspect No response or wrong response 0 tick

2 1 0

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1 (e)(ii) [KB0608 - Space and Time Relationship] Question Mark Scheme Able to draw a bar chart based on the following aspects: P : Uniform scale for both axes T : Bars with correct height B : 2 bars draw separately / joined Sample answer: Number of student Marks 3

20

Free

15

10 5

Attached

0
Type of earlobe Able to draw a bar chart based on any two aspects Able to draw a bar chart based on any one aspect No response or wrong response 2 1 0

1 (f) [KB0607 - Interpreting Data] Question Mark Scheme Able to explain the type of variation for type of earlobe based on the 1(f) following aspects: P1: Discontinuous variation P2 : Discrete distribution graph P3: No intermediate ( trait in between attached earlobe and detached earlobe ) Sample answer: 1. Type of earlobe is a discontinuous variation because it shows a discrete distribution graph. There is no intermediate( trait in between attached earlobe and detached earlobe.) Able to explain the type of variation for type of earlobe based on any two aspects. Able to explain the type of variation for type of earlobe based on any one aspect. No response or wrong response Marks 3

1 0

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1 (g) [KB0605 - Predicting] Question Mark Scheme Able to predict the number of students based on the following aspects: 1(g) P1 : Correct prediction ( Number of student with free earlobe increases / more than 14 / (any value more than 14 but less than 50 ) / more than the students with attached earlobe ) P2 : Free earlobe is dominant trait P3 : More samples / students used Sample answers: The number of student is more than 14 . Free earlobe is a dominant trait. More samples are used ( will increase the probability ) Able to predict based on any two aspects. Able to predict based on any one aspect. No response or wrong response Marks 3

2 1 0

1 (h) [KB0609 - Define Operationally] Question Mark Scheme Able to define variation based on the following aspects: 1(h) D1: Differences of characteristics / traits /phenotype in humans / male students D2 : Type of earlobe D3 : Dominant and recessive trait // Hypothesis statement Sample answer: Variation is differences of characteristics in humans which is the type of earlobe. Number of students with free earlobe trait is higher than the number of students with attached earlobe. Able to define variation based on any two aspects. Able to define variation based on any one aspect. No response or wrong response Marks 3

2 1 0

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1 (i) [KB0602 - Classifying] Question Mark Scheme Able to classify the characteristics in a plant correctly. 1(i) Sample answer: Genetic factor Environmental factor Interaction of genetic and environmental factors Height of plant Width of leaves Diameter of fruit Marks 3

Colour of flower Position of flower Shape of pods

Height of plant Width of leaves Diameter of fruit

All 9 correct 7 - 8 correct 1 - 6 correct No response or wrong response 2 1 0

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QUESTION 2 2(i) Problem statement Question 2(i) Criteria Able to state a problem statement correctly based on the following aspects: P 1: Manipulated variable - Humidity P 2: Responding variable - Population size of garden snail P 3: Relationship in question form Sample answers : 1. Does humidity affect the population size of garden snail? 2. What is the effect of humidity to the population size of garden snails? Able to state the problem inaccurately based on two criteria: Sample answers : 1. Does humidity affect the garden snail? ( P1 and P3 only ) 2. Does the population size of garden snail different? ( P2 and P3 only ) Able to state the of problem statement at idea level based on one criterion: P1or P2 only Sample answer : 1. Population size of garden snail is different. 2. Humidity affects the garden snail. No response or wrong response. 0 1 2 Marks 3

2(ii) Hypothesis Question 2(ii) Criteria Able to state a hypothesis correctly based on the following criteria: P1: Manipulated variable -Humidity P2: Responding variable - Population size of garden snail P3: Relationship Sample answer : 1. When humidity is higher/lower, the population size of garden snail is higher/lower 2.When humidity is higher/lower, the population size of garden snail is lower/higher. (wrong conclusion) Able to state the hypothesis inaccurately based on any two criteria: P1 and P2 only // P1 and P3 only 2 Marks 3

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Sample answer : 1. Humidity affects the population size of garden snail. ( P1 and P2 only ) 2. When humidity is higher, the garden snail is more. ( P1 and P3 only ) Able to state a hypothesis at idea level. P1 or P2 only Sample answer : 1. Humidity affects the garden snail. 2. Population size of garden snail is different. 3. The higher the population size of garden snail, the higher the humidity. (reverse hypothesis) No response or wrong response. 0 1

2(iii) Variables Question 2(iii) Criteria Able to state all the three variables correctly. Manipulated variable: Humidity Responding variable: Population size of garden snail Controlled variable: Type of garden snail // Area of sampling Able to state two variables correctly Able to state one variable correctly No response or wrong response. 2(iv) Materials and apparatus Question 2(iv) Criteria Able to list all the functional materials and apparatus accurately based on the criteria: Apparatus: 1. Paint brush 2. Measuring tape / ruler Material : 1. Indian ink / permanent marker* 2) Garden snail* 3) Location / Area of sampling *Compulsory apparatus/material Note: Location / Area of sampling / Permanent marker accepted as material or apparatus ( mark once only ) Marks 3 Marks 3

2 1 0

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All 3 materials and 2 apparatus including* Able to state 2 materials and 2 apparatus including * Able to state 2 materials and 1 apparatus including* Able to state 0 - 1 materials/apparatus Or No response // wrong response 2(v)Procedure (Refer to procedure in example) Question 2(v) Criteria Able to describe the steps of the experiment procedure or method correctly based on five criteria: K1 : How to set up the apparatus ( at least 4 steps) K2 : How to operate the controlled variable ( Any one) K3 : How to operate the responding variable ( Any one ) K4: How to operate the manipulated variable ( Any one ) K5 : Precaution // steps to increase accuracy ( Any one ) All 5K Any 3 4K Any 1- 2K No response or wrong response Sample answer for procedure : 1. 2. Capture (K1)garden snail randomly in school field/low humidity area (K1) in the fixed area of 50m x 50m. (K2) Count (K1) the garden snails that captured and mark (K1) their shell with small dot of Indian ink. Make sure the mark is water proof /does not expose the garden snail to predator/not harm the garden snails.(K5) Release the garden snails to their habitat. (K1) After seven days (K2), capture once again as many garden snails. (K1) Record the total number of garden snails captured (K1) and note / record the number of those which had been marked. (K1) Calculate and record the population size of garden snails using formula: (K3) The number of individuals in the first capture x The number of individuals in the second capture The number of marked individuals in the second capture 7. 8. Repeat step 1-6 in school science garden / high humidity area. (K4) Tabulate data in the table.(K1) K4 K1 K1, K2 Marks 3

2 1 0

2 1 0

K1, K5 K1 K1, K2 K1 K3

3. 4. 5. 6.

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2(vi) Data Question 2(vi) Criteria Able to construct a table to record data with based on the following aspects : Title of manipulated variable (MV) and responding variable (RV) (1m) Data for manipulated variable (1m) Sample answer: RV Marks 2

MV Area/ Location School field// Low humidity School science garden// High humidity Total number of garden snail in first capture Second capture Total number Total number of of snails marked snails Estimated population size

Data

Any one correct aspect No response or wrong response. Summary of marking: No 2 (i) 2 (ii) 2 (iii) 2 (iv) 2 (v) 2 (vi) Criteria Problem statement Hypothesis Variables Materials and apparatus Procedure Presentation of data Total Score 3 3 3 3 3 2 17 marks

1 0

PERATURAN PERMARKAHAN TAMAT

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