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REFERENSI BIAK YAPEN

Charlton, T.R. (1998)- Yapen island: a right-lateral paradox in the left-lateral North New Guinea megashear: implications for the biogeography and geological development of the Bird's Head, Irian Jaya. In: J. Miedema et al. (eds.) Perspectives on the Bird's Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, Editions Rodopi, Amsterdam, p. 783-796. (Early movement along Yapen Fault Zone (M-L Miocene- E Pliocene); left lateral, since later E Pliocene. Proposes Pliocene anticlockwise rotation of Birds head as mechanism for opening of Cenderawasih Bay)

McAdoo, R.L. & J.C. Haebig (1999)- Tectonic elements of the North Irian Basin. Proc. 27th Ann. Conv. Indon.Petrol. Assoc., p.545-562. (Waropen Basin between C Ranges and New Guinea Trench forearc basin and one or two subduction-related accretionary prisms. Subduction stopped and relative plate motion now oblique. Plate boundary is sinistral Yapen Fault Zone, on mainland a line of mud volcanoes, extending W along N coast of Yapen Island and may connect to Sorong Fault system. N Irian Basin >25,000 Tertiary sediments in Waropen, Teer River, Waipoga and Meervlakte intermontane sub-basin depocenters. Rapid subsidence created asymmetric basin fills dominated by turbidites. Potential reservoir distribution problematical with good quality turbidite reservoirs near margins. Large reef complexes evident. Terrigenous-derived kerogens serve as potential petroleum source. Low thermal gradient of 1.67 F/100. Since 1950's, 12 wells drilled, resulting in two gas and one gas/oil discoveries. Four wells abandoned before reaching target due to overpressure)

Pieters, P.E., C.J. Pigram, D.S. Trail, D.B. Dow, N. Ratman & R. Sukamto (1983)- The stratigraphy of western Irian Jaya. Proc. 12th Ann.Conv. Indon. Petrol. Assoc., p. 229-261. (Stratigraphic columns across W New Guinea from Birds Head- Misool East to 136 E. Grouped into three provinces: Continental (Paleozoic- Miocene Australian continent series in S New Guinea, Birds Head, Misool), Oceanic (ophiolite-island arc basement of N New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Waigeo, Yapen, etc.) and Transition (Central Range metamorphics, Tamrau Mts, Wandamen Peninsula, Weyland Mts))

Ratman, N. & S.A. Atmawinata (1988)- Geology of the Yapen Quadrangle, Irian Jaya. Geol. Res. Dev. Centre Indonesia, p. 719-755. (Broad overview of Birds Head geology; little or no new data)

Atmawinata, S. & N. Ratman (1982)- Struktur geologi Pulau Yapen dan hubunganya dengan Lajur sesar Sorong. Proc. 11th Ann. Conv. Indon. Assoc. Geol. (IAGI), p. 1-6. ('Geological structure of Yapen Island and its relation with the Sorong fault')