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Modern Transportation

March 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, PP.10-14

Analysis on Capacity of Non-signalized


Intersection on Condition of Ice-Snow
Liwei Hu 1#, Yongjie Zhang 2
1. Faculty of Transportation Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, P.R. China
2. Yunnan Communication Vocational and Technical College, Kunming 650101, P. R. China
#

Email: liweihukm@sina.com

Abstract
Traffic characteristic on the conditions of ice-and-snow road performance is quite complex and that seriously influenced the
capacity of non-signaled intersection. This paper comparatively analyzed the critical gap and headway on the condition of ice-andsnow or normal, and then analyzed the capacity of non-signaled intersection by the acceptability gap theory, and put forward the
headway modify coefficient

f sh

and the non-signaled intersection capacity modify coefficient

f sc for ice and snow. The results

are the complementarities of traffic flow characteristic on ice-and-snow condition, and they are useful for directing setting traffic
engineering facilities in the cold zone.
Keywords: Ice and Snow Road Performance; Non-Signaled Intersection; Capacity; Headway; Traffic Congestion

*
1 2
1. 650500
2. 650101

()

0
0-30 0
3~4

Kruse T. R.

[1]

Rune Elvik[2]Anuj Sharma[3]Botha Jan L.[4]Robert

5120823814118579
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Hranac[5][6][7][8][9]

1.1
///
/ 5
1
1

1.2

t o
7~9 6~8
[9]

2
2 (s)

(s)

(s)

(%)

(s)

(s)

(%)

(s)

(s)

(%)

6.13

8.41

37.19

7.12

9.67

35.81

7.58

10.62

40.11

5.61

7.58

35.12

6.51

9.04

38.86

7.16

9.85

37.57

3.52

5.02

42.61

4.22

6.21

47.16

4.51

6.58

45.90

1.5~3s
35%~45%

1.3

1.3.1

3
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(s)
(%)

3.71
39.5
1.30~1.45

4.73
77.8
1.60~1.90

3.98
49.6
1.45~1.60

4.03
51.5
1.45~1.60

2.66

1.00

f sh

hts ht f sh

(1)

ht s

hts s
1.3.2

46.99%
4

[10]
4

(s)

(s)

(%)

2.54

3.71

46.06

2.86

3.85

34.62

3.51

4.91

39.89

2.58

3.92

51.94

2.79

4.08

46.24

3.86

5.25

36.01

2.66

3.91

46.99

Qe qt0
1 e qht

Q pcu/h

Q pcu/h
q Q /3600pcu/h

t o s
ht s
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(2)

Q rij
j 1 i 1

Qe
1 e

qt0 ij

(3)

qhtij

n pcu/h

j 1-2-3-
rij i j pcu/h ri 1
t oij i j s
hti i s

f sc (4)

f sc

Q
Q

100%

(4)

f sc

Q pcu/h
Q pcu/h

3
1000veh/h
(3)(4)(
) 5

0.45 45%
70% 10% 15% 5%
40% 30% 30%

Q 360 70% 252 15% 196 5% 356 10% 40% 416 70% 299 15% 220 5%
411 10% 30% 743 70% 565 15% 459 5% 735 10% 30% 461(veh / h)
Q 150 70% 107 15% 70 5% 146 10% 40% 189 70% 124 15% 87 5%
184 10% 30% 386 70% 271 15% 216 5% 374 10% 30% 215(veh / h)

461
215
5

(veh)

(veh)

(%)

(veh)

(veh)

(%)

(veh)

(veh)

(%)

360

150

41.77

416

189

45.53

743

386

51.88

252

104

41.10

299

124

41.33

565

271

48.02

196

70

35.96

220

87

39.63

459

216

47.08

356

146

40.94

411

184

44.62

735

374

50.84

257

101

39.17

304

120

39.39

574

263

45.76

185

68

36.84

208

84

40.60

434

210

48.23

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f sc

f sh

REFERENCES
[1]

Kruse T. R., Botha J. L.. Effect of Ice at Intersections on Optimal Signal Timing for Urban Arterials. Department of
Transportation, Washington, DC. University Transportation Centers Program.1990,11

[2]

Rune Elvik. Assessing the validity of road safety evaluation studies by analyzing causal chains. Accident Analysis and Prevention
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[3]

Anuj Sharma, Darcy Bullock, Srinivas Peeta, and James Krogmeier. Detection of Inclement Weather Conditions at a Signalized
Intersection Using a Video Image Processing Algorithm. 2006 IEEE 12th Digital Signal Processing Workshop and 4th IEEE
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[4]

Botha Jan L., Kruse Thomas R. Flow rates at signalized intersections under cold winter conditions. Journal of Transportation
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[5]

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[6]

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[7]

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[8]

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[9]

Ren Yuanyuan, Xi Jianfeng, Jin Sheng. Study on the signal timing parameters at intersections of urban road under the condition of
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[10] Gao Hailong, Wang Wei, Liu Binxuan, Xiang Yanyan. Critical Gap Investigation at Unsignalized Intersections in China Typical
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