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M.S.L. ...................................................................

(REDUCTION)....................................................................................

NON-HARMONIC...................................................................

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10

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11

(CHART DATUM ).......................................................................

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-1 -

-
- (Vertical)
-

(Horizontal)



50
50

High Water Lunitidal Interval


Low Water Lunitidal Interval
High Water Interval ( H.W.I. ) Low Water Interval ( L.W.I. )
( Range )

( Spring Tide and Neap Tide )


( 15 15 )

- ( Spring Tides )
( Spring Range ) 7-8 ( First and Third Quarter )
-
( Neap Tides ) ( Neap Range )

-2-

LAST QUARTER

FULL MOON

S
NEW MOON

FIRST QUARTER
1

1 29.5

-3
- 3
1. ( Semi diurnal )

2. ( Diurnal )
3. ( Mixed ) Diurnal inequality


( )

1. ( SEMI DIURNAL )

2. ( DIURNAL )

3. ( MIXED )

12

24

12

24

12

24

-4-
-





-

-
- -



1. -
2.
3.
-

-
-
- MEAN RANGE

-5 -
2 ( )
- -
-

1.

- (Tide)
-

2.






(Lowest Low Water) (Mean Sea Level)

-63. - ,
,
- ,
-
2
1.
2.
( Automatic or Staff Gauge )

(Temporary Station)
()

(Primary Station) , ,



1.

2.
3.


4. (Permanent Bench Mark)

-7 M.S.L
- (Tidal Staff Staff
Gauage)

() 6
.. 2453
Lat -11-49 N - Long 99 46 E Mr. Master
.. 2453 (Automatic Tide Gauge) 20
2453 2454 6
(Mean Sea Level)
1.4439
BM.A.

2458 ( 5 )
B.M.A. 1.4477
1.4477
(Standard Mean Sea Level)
M.S.L.
5
- (Range) 2.50
2.50 M.S.L.
0 ( ) 2.50

-8-

( REDUCTION )

-
(Tidal computer)

(Tidal plane)
, ,
Harmonic and nonharmonic Constant


Non-harmonic
Harmonic

NON HARMONIC
- 24

Tide Hourly Height
Non - harmonic

-9TIDES : DAILY HIGH AND LOW WATERS


StationKRABIMonthJUNE..Year2010
HIGH WATER

LOW WATER

Higher H.W.
Date

Time
h

Lower H.W.

Height
meter

Time
h

Moon's

Height

Phase

Higher L.W.
Date

meter

Time
h

Lower L.W.

Height
meter

Time
h

Height
meter

1
2

1331
1353

3.75
3.55

0101
0154

3.37
3.25

1
2

0654
0735

1.65
1.75

1925
1949

1.53
1.59

1426

3.41

0229

3.11

0802

1.81

2035

1.69

1444

3.27

0311

3.05

0850

1.97

2109

1.85

1554

3.21

0346

3.07

0936

2.20

2257

2.01

1636

3.13

0526

3.13

1124

2.31

0531

3.25

1846

3.09

1252

2.23

0009

2.05

0709

3.33

1946

3.21

1356

1.99

0026

1.97

0830

3.53

2028

3.19

0124

1.91

1435

1.83

10

0922

3.63

2126

3.31

10

0250

1.72

1520

1.58

11

1001

3.81

2220

3.40

11

0333

1.55

1558

1.39

12

1036

3.93

2300

3.53

12

0413

1.37

1645

1.21

13

1117

4.01

2344

3.50

13

0456

1.31

1730

1.09

14

1159

4.01

14

0546

1.19

1806

1.03

15

1258

4.05

0030

3.57

15

0616

1.33

1855

1.17

16

1335

4.00

0124

3.55

16

0704

1.39

1933

1.21

17

1433

3.89

0204

3.53

17

0730

1.73

2020

1.33

18

1509

3.69

0254

3.45

18

0840

1.75

2109

1.47

19

1614

3.51

0409

3.43

19

0943

1.95

2204

1.69

20

0515

3.43

1725

3.30

20

1050

2.05

2303

1.83

21
22
23

0615
0724
0821

3.46
3.51
3.57

1905
1954
2101

3.15
3.15
3.21

21
22
23

1320
0222

1.95
1.91

1159
0114
1448

2.09
1.88
1.79

24

0922

3.63

2104

3.27

24

0307

1.73

1534

1.55

25

1000

3.75

2225

3.34

25

0329

1.59

1605

1.39

26

1054

3.79

2307

3.35

26

0420

1.48

1656

1.23

27

1130

3.85

2337

3.37

27

0459

1.31

1727

1.17

28

1215

3.87

28

0533

1.39

1806

1.13

29

1245

3.87

0000

3.39

29

0616

1.37

1836

1.19

30

1301

3.93

0046

3.44

30

0639

1.61

1858

1.35

31
Monthly
Sum
Mean
mean MSL
H' est HW
=
MHH
W
MLHW
MHW
M.S.L.
MHWS
MHW
N
Mn.sp.range
Mn.np.range
Mn.range

31
Monthly
109.62

=
=
=
=
=
=

92.71

4.050
3.654
3.311
3.488
2.581
3.679
3.289
=
=

2.454
1.328

1.871

Sum
Mean
L' est
LW
MLLW
MHL
W
MLW
M.T.L.
MLWS
MLW
N

47.19

46.6

mean MSL
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Sp.range
Np.range

1.030
1.553
1.685
1.617
2.553
1.225
1.961

Remark

-10

B.M.

0.80 m.

+ 2.70

4
3
2
1
0

B.M.

= 0.800

m.

B.M.

= 2.700

m.

M.S.L.

= 3.500

m.

M.S.L.

= 2.500

m.

= 6.000

m.

M.S.L. 2.500 m.
Zero of Staff above 2.500 m .

MSL.

-11

0.80
1.20

B.M.
+ 2.70
2.30

4.80
2.50

B.M.

= 0.80

m.

B.M.

= 2.70 m .

M.S.L.

3.50 m.

1.20 m.

M.S.L.

2.30 m.

M.S.L.

= 2.500 m.

= 4.80

m. ( )

= 4.80

1. 1.50
2. ( 1 ) 4.80 1.50 = 3.30
3. Zero of Staff
4. 3.30

-12-

(CHART DATUM)
(Tide) (Tidel Datum Plane) 6
1. Higher High Water
H.H.W.
2. Mean High Water
M.H.W.
3. Mean Sea Level
M.S.L.
4. Half - Tide Level
H.T.L.
5. Mean Low Water
W.L.W.
6. Lower Low Water
L.L.W.
Lowest Low Water Mean Low Water Springs
Indian Low Water

Spring ting Tropic tide
2 Lowest Low Water
Mean Sea Level Half - Tide Level
( Mean Sea Level )

Equipotential Surface
Equipotential Surface

(Open
Coast) Equipotential Surface

M.S.L.
30-40 .
M.S.L.
2-3 .
M.S.L.
M.S.L.
18 2/3 ( Revalution Ascending Node )

-13

( L est Low Water = Lest L.W.)
. Lest L.W. 0.80
10.00
( , ) 4.50
Lest L.W.

M.S.L.
10.00

Lest L.W.
2.50

4.50
10.00

0.80
6.30

5.50

1.
( WL )

10.00 m.

( )

4.50 m.

5.50 m.

Lest L.W.

0.80 m.

Lest L.W. ( )

6.30 m.

-14 2.

4.50

m.

Lest L.W.

0.80

m.

Lest L.W.

3.70

m.

10.00

m.

Lest L.W.

3.70

m.

6.30

m.

+ Lest L.W.
10.00 4.500 + 0.80 = 6.30 ( )
( Lest L.W.)

-15

WL.

M.S.L

Lest L.W.(Datum)

Zero(Zy)

Lest L.W. ( Datum )


Zo M.S.L.
Lest L.W. ( Datum )
Zo M.S.L. Lest L.W. ( Datum )
- W.L.
- Lest L.W. M.S.L. Zo
- Lest L.W.

-16

3.20

M.S.L.

4.08m.
1.61

Lest L.W.
0.89

Lest L.W. ( M.S.L. )


M.S.L. Lest L.W. 0 Lest
L.W. ( )

3.20 m. Lest L.W. = 1.61 m.


( 4.08 m. )
M.S.L. Lest L.W. + =
M.S.L.

2.50 m.

Lest L.W.

1.61 m.

Diff ( 0 Lest L.W.)

0.89 m.

Lest L.W.

3.20 m.

4.09 m.

4.08 m.

-17
HIGHEST HIGH WATER (Hest H.W.)

HIGH WATER ( H.W.)

HIGHER HIGH WATER (H.H.W.) AND

LOWER HIGH WATER (L.H.W.)

LOW WATER (L.W.)

LOWER LOW WATER (L.L.W.) AND

HIGHER LOW WATER(H.L.W.)

HIGH WATER SPRING (H.W.S.)

HIGH WATER NEAP (H.W.N.)


( 8 8 )

LOW WATER SPRING (L.W.S.)

LOW WATER NEAP (L.W.N.)

( 8
)

RANGE OF TIDE

SPRING RANGE (sp.range)

NEAP RANGE (np.range)

-18TIDAL DATUMS AND CHART DATUMS





SPRING RISE

NEAP RISE

A LUNAR DAY


2 ( 24
50.5 )

SINGLE DAY TIDE

DOUBLE DAY TIDE

1 2

MIXED DAY TIDE

HIGH WATER INTERVAL


( )

LOW WATER INTERVAL


( )

DURATION OF RISE

-19DURATION OF FALL

MEAN SEA LEVEL

MEAN TIDE LEVEL OR HALF TIDE LEVEL

-20-

.. 2548