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Scientific Journal of Control Engineering

June 2013, Volume 3, Issue 3, PP.218-223

The Mobile Internet of Things on the Ocean


Based on Digital Shortwave Communication
Yichi Zhang# , Lei Yang
School of Information Science & Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
#

Email: 213102405@seu.edu.cn

Abstract
The mobile Internet of things on the ocean is significant for the development of marine economy. Meanwhile, the existing systems,
such as AIS and LRIT, cant meet the requirement of the mobile Internet of things. After analyzing weaknesses of them, it is
found that the poor capacity of ocean communication is the stick point to build the Internet of things on the ocean. Then, the
proposal based on the COFDM technology for improving it is put forward. By upgrading the analog shortwave radios into highspeed digital radios with the audio modem, a fundamental architecture for the Internet of things on the ocean can be built. At last,
a way based on software-defined radio to realize the proposal is introduced, and the technical characteristics together with
prospect of the technology are revealed.
Keywords: the Internet of Things; Audio Modem; COFDM; AIS; Shortwave Communication

211189
AIS LRIT

COFDM

COFDMAIS

1999 MITAuto-ID The Internet of Things


[1]2005 (ITU)
The Internet of Things RFID
[2]
[3]

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[4]

[5]

1
1.1

(Automatic Identification SystemAIS)AIS


[6]
AIS (GPS)
(VHF)

[7]
AIS AIS VHF
20-30 AIS
AIS VHF

LRIT(Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships)[8]


LRIT
LRIT LRIT (IMO)
[9][10]

LRIT
1.
2.
AIS LRIT AIS [11]

ITU IMO AIS 1


AIS
[12][13] AIS

1. AIS AIS

2. AIS AIS

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1.2

VHF/UHF
AIS

1.3

SSB
MODEM

SSB

(COFDM)
COFDM

2
2.1
PC DSP
LDPC OFDM
QAM
PC
[14][15]

2.2
COFDM
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LDPC [16]Turbo [17] OFDM
Speex

(Rate Compatible Punctured Convolutional, RCPC)

(Low Density Parity Check CodeLDPC)

2.3
[15]
QAM
OFDM OFDM (IFFT)

FFT OFDM
OFDM
OFDM

3.1
1
OFDMM-QAM

COFDM
2
RCPC LDPC RCPC
LDPC
Turbo LDPC

3
UEP

4
///

SSB

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3.2
1(VLSI)
(DSP)(FPGA)(SoC)
DSP FPGA MODEM
2(ARM)
90%
MODEM CODEC Qt

3
//
PC
GPS
//
//

COFDM

AIS
HF VHF AIS AIS

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Email: 213101758@seu.edu.cn

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