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WIND LOAD

General wind load calculation Wind Load Analysis is done as per Gust Factor Method (Clause 8.0 of IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 49) . Ref Clause 8.0 of IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 49 a) Gust Wind Calculation Calculation of Gust Factor , for Wind in longitudinal Direction (X-Dir) Ref Clause 8.0 of IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 49. Basic wind speed, Vb k1 k3 Terrain Category /Class = = = = 39 m/s 1.06 1 2C

F z = C f A e `p z G

Calculation of Gust Factor :

G = 1 + gf r B[ (1+F)2 + SE / b]
From fig-8 , IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 50 , For Category-2, and h = 71m,

gf r = 1.04 & L(h) = 1550 From page-52 , IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 Cy Cz b = = = = 10 12 12.5 12.5

(For wind in longitudinal dierection)

l = Cy b Cz h l = (10 x 12.5) /(12 x 71) = 0.15

For Calculating Factor "B"

Cz h

12 x 71 1550

0.55

L(h)
From fig-9 , IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 50 , For, l = Czh / L(h) = B = fo

0.15 0.55 0.75 = 0.48

= Natural frequency 4. Reference Staad files (3 Nos for Moving Loads)

Fo = Cz fo h / `Vh `Vh = `Vb k1 k2 k3


From Table-33 , IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 49 , For h = 71 m `k2 = 0.88 `Vh = 39*0.88*1*1.06 11.24 = 36.38 m/s

Fo = 12 *0.48* 71 / 36.38 = For Fo = 11.24 and l = 0.15 ,

From fig-10 , IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 51 , Size Reduction Factor , fo L(h) / `Vh S = = 0.175 0.48*1550/36.38 = 20.45

From fig-11 , IS :875-(Part-3) 1987 , page 52 , For fo L(h) / `Vh = 20.45 & E= 0.075

b = 0.010 For Welded Structures ( Table-34 ) IS: 875 (Patr-3)-1987 j=0 for Category-2 , as per page 50 of IS :875-(Part-3) 1987

G = 1 + gf r B[ (1+F)2 + SE / b] G = 1 + 1.04 0.75 + 0.175*0.075/ 0.010 G = 2.232 2.49 , for Wind in longitudinal Direction

Height (m) 10 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 71 CLAD PORTION pz*G h b a h/b a/b Cf (EL 61.4 to 71)

k2 0.67 0.72 0.75 0.79 0.82 0.85 0.865 0.878 0.879

Vz 27.698 29.765 31.005 32.659 33.899 35.139 35.759 36.297 36.338

pz 0.046 0.053 0.058 0.064 0.069 0.074 0.077 0.079 0.079

pz*G 0.115 0.133 0.144 0.160 0.172 0.185 0.191 0.197 0.198

T/sqm m m m

"As per Table 24 page 43 IS 875 part 3" S (spacing of columns) udl on each column

m T/m

0.198 71 12.8 42 5.55 3.281 1.2 12.8 1.665

UNCLAD PORTION EXCLUDING BUNKER E.L.- 54.710 to 60.5 M pz*G Solidity ratio for columns & bracings Cf for flat members (As per table 28 Solidity Ratio 0.2) udl on each front columns Solidity ratio for bunker at this level Effective solidity ratio for bunker at this level(Conservative Side- See Fig 7) Total effective solidity ratio at this level Frame spacing ratio Shielding factor (As per table 29 of IS 875 Part 3) udl on rear outer column T/m T/sqm 0.190 0.25 1.75 0.532 0.725 0.45 0.7 0.840 0.504 0.268

T/m

E.L.- 49.8 to 54.71 M pz*G udl on each front columns udl on rear outer column T/sqm T/m T/m 0.186 0.521 0.262

E.L.- 38.5 to 49.8 M pz*G udl on each front columns udl on rear outer column E.L.- 25.8 to 38.5 M pz*G udl on each front columns Solidity ratio for columns & bracings Shielding factor udl on rare outer column E.L.- 15.120 to 25.8 M pz*G udl on each front columns udl on rear column E.L.- 0 to 15.120 M pz*G udl on each front columns udl on rear column ` BUNKER E.L.- 54.71 to 61.4 M pz*G Length of bunker Dia. of bunker Frontal area of bunker Shielding factor for bunker Cf (Table 25) Wind load on bunker This load is applied at two plan bracing levels E.L 59.620 & E.L 54.710 & at each level,no. of points of application of load is four. Load at each point Load on column at top bracing level at outer col. Load on column at top bracing level at inner col. E.L.- 49.8 to 54.710 M pz*G Length of bunker Dia. of bunker Frontal area of bunker Shielding factor for bunker Cf Wind load on bunker T/sqm m m sqm 0.190 4.910 9.276 45.54516 0.8 0.8 5.538 T T T 0.943 0.943 1.887 T/sqm m m sqm 0.190 6.690 9.276 62.05644 0.8 0.8 7.546 T/sqm T/m T/m 0.133 0.372 0.279 T/sqm T/m T/m 0.150 0.420 0.315 T/sqm T/m 0.170 0.476 0.250 0.750 0.357 T/sqm T/m T/m 0.185 0.518 0.261

T/m

This load is applied at two plan bracing levels E.L 54.710 & E.L. 49.80 and at each level, no. of points of application of load is four. Load at each point Load on column at top bracing level at outer col. Load on column at top bracing level at inner col. T T T 0.692 1.636 3.271

E.L.- 38.5 to 49.8 M + Conical Bunker pz*G Length of bunker Dia. of bunker Frontal area of bunker Shielding factor for bunker Cf Wind load on bunker This load is applied at two plan bracing levels and at each level, no. of points of application of load is four. Load at each point Load on column at bracing level E.L. 49.8 M at outer col. Load on column at top bracing level E.L.49.8M at inner col. Load on column at bracing level E.L. 38.5 M at outer col. Load on column at top bracing level E.L.38.5 M at inner col. Wind Load Due to Bag Filter (Refer BHEL ISG Drawing) Design Wind Pres. 0.18 T/m2 Influence Area 27.651892 m2 Wind Load Wind +Z Load on two columns Load on two columns Wind -Z Load on two columns Load on two columns Wind Load due to Cyclone Separator Influence Area Wind Load Wind +Z Load on two columns Load on two columns Wind -Z Load on two columns Load on two columns -0.522 T -0.522 T 0.522 T 0.522 T 11.600 i.e 2*2.2*1.6+0.5*1.6*2.85*2 2.088 T -1.244 T -1.244 T 1.244 T 1.244 T T/sqm m m sqm 0.180 11.304 9.276 104.855904 0.8 0.8 12.079

T T T T T

1.510 2.202 4.404 1.510 3.020

(i.e. 4.406*4.682+0.5*3*2.341*2) 4.977 T