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Sa 1 Sa 2 Sa 2 1/2 Sa 3

A B C D ASa1 BSa1 CSa1 DSa1 Total ASa2 BSa2 CSa2 DSa2 14 ASa2 1/2 BSa2 1/2 CSa2 1/2 DSa2 1/2 ASa3 BSa3 CSa3 DSa3 A ASt2 ASt3 A AF1 B BSt2 BSt3 B BF1 C CSt2 CSt3 C CF1 D DSt2 DSt3 D DF1 Total 6 Total 4

St2 St3 F1

Rust Grade A Rust Grade B Rust Grade C Rust Grade D

Steel surface largely covered with adherent millscale but little if any rust. Steel surface, which has begun to rust and from which the millscale has begun to flake. Steel surface on which the millscale has rusted away or from which it can be scraped but with slight pitting visible under normal vision. Steel surface on which the mill scale has rusted away and on which general pitting is visible under normal vision.

St 2 St 3

When viewed without megnification, the surfase shall be free from visible oil, grease, dirt, from poor adhering millscale rust, paint coating and foreign materials. Very thorough hand & As for St2 but the surface shall be treated much more thorouhly to Power tool cleaning give a metallic seen easing from the metallic substrate. Thorough hand & Power tool cleaning When viewed without magnifacation, the surrface shall be free from visible oil, grease, grit, from poor adhering mill scale, rust, paint coatintg and foreinmetter. When viewed without magnifacation, the surrface shall be free from visible oil, grease, grit, most of the millscale, rust, paint coatintg and foreinmetter. Any residual contamination shall be firmaly adhering.
When viewed without magnifacation, the surrface shall be free from visible

Sa 1

Light Blast Cleaning. Thorough Blast Cleaning.

Sa 2

Sa 2-1/2

Very thorough Blast oil, grease, grit, most of the millscale, rust, paint coatintg and foreinmetter. Any remaining traces of contamination shall show only as slight stain in the Cleaning.
form of spots or stripes.

Sa 3

Blast Cleaning to visible oil, grease, grit and shall be free from millscale, rust, paint Visualy Clean Steel.

When viewed without magnifacation, the surrface shall be free from coatintgs and foreignmetter. It shall have a uniform metallic colour.

COATING FAULTS

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lligatering Bittiness Bleeding Blistering Blushing Blooming Checking Chalking Cissing Cracking Mud Cracking Cratering Fish Eye

As defined in BS 2015 Glossary of paint and Related Turms. Breaks, which are wide and extensice but do not penetrate to the substrate. The presence of the particals of gel flacculated material or foreign matter in the coating material. Could be partially cured paint, out of shelf life. The solvent from the top coat softens the under laying material and allows it to pass into and through the layer, Causing discolouration of new applied paint, Brown for bitumen, Yellow for coal Tars. Blisters can be filled with Gas, Liquid or Crystals(Popingup the paint film, Farmation like dome shap). Flat finish with milky appearance. Loss of glass & milky appearance due to moisture setting on wett paint. Slightly breaks in the film that does not penetrate to the substratet. Degradation of a bonder due to discruptive factors in the environment. Caused by inadequate surface preparation. A difference in surface energy causes local lack of adhesion. A failure of paint form continuous film due to oil & grease present on the surface

Coating age and differentional expaian (Breaks extending to the substrate). It is due to high film built, Over application on very hot surface, fast drying coating such as Inorganic Zinc-Rish Primers & Vanyl,s.
Bown shaped depressions. Caused by escaping solvent or Gases. Paint is of too low a viscosity to flow and fill the depressions also called a pitting, Small uniform identification to the substrate. It occurred inchemical cured painting as a result of a) Water or oil in the coating b) Water or oil in the substrate b) Improperly farmulated coating material. Mateial progressivelly gets brittle with age, cracks and begins to detach. separation of constituentsin the Tie & their refusal to be stirred back to gather again. Caused by over application. remove offending excess material, lightly abrade & Recoat. Too much paint or thinner per coat, insuficient paint body, temrature too low of failure to completely mix pigment. Seeing the underlaying coats through finish coat. A void, missed OR an uncoated area. Caused by slovent strength and also lack of observance of stated overcoating time. Saftening & expansion of a coating by the solvents a newly applied paint. Strokes of paint visible after after the paint has dried.

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Flaking Flocculation Curtains. Sags. Runs and Tears Sagging Grinning Holiday Lifting Lapping Orange Peel Ropiness Wrinkling & Rivelling Sponification Algae and Mould

Similar appearance to a citrus fruit skin. Caused by paint viscosity problems oron bythe applicator technique. Bursh marks paint, hair hogs left on the surfacePoor leveling & properties of coating material. Usually due to the internal formation of the surface skin (Topcoat strong solvent). The formation of soap by the reaction of a fetty acid ester and and alkali.