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(02)2705-5066

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2009

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(02)2705-5066

LED

II

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(02)2705-5066


....................................................................... 1
1-1 ................................................................................ 1
1-2 ............................................................................ 3
1-2-1 (Illumination) ............................................................................. 3
1-2-2 (Sensation) ................................................................................. 4
1-2-3 (Actuation) ................................................................................. 5
1-2-4 (Data signal storage) ................................................... 5
1-2-5 (Data transmission) ............................................................ 6
1-2-6 (Data display) ..................................................................... 6
1-2-7 (Computation)............................................................................ 7
1-2-8 (Material property variation) ...................................... 7

1-3 ......................................... 8
1-4 ................................................................................................. 10
................................................................................................... 11

............................................................. 13
2-1 .......................................................................................... 13
2-1-1 (LED) ............................................................................. 13
2-1-2 ..................................................................................... 15
2-1-3 ......................................................................................... 17

2-2 .......................................................................................... 19
2-2-1 ................................................................. 19
2-2-2 ......................................................................................... 20
2-2-3 ................................................................................. 22
2-2-4 .............................................................. 24
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2-3 .............................................................................................. 24
2-3-1 ..................................................................................... 25
2-3-2 ..................................................................................... 26

........................................................................................................... 34
................................................................................................... 35

......................................................... 37
3-1 .................................................................................. 38
3-2 .......................................................................... 41
3-2-1 ..................................................................................... 41
3-2-2 ..................................................................................... 41
3-2-3 ......................................................................... 43
3-2-4 ..................................................................... 43
3-2-5 -................................................................................ 44
3-2-6 ..................................................................... 45

3-3 ...................................................................................... 58
3-4 .......................................................................................... 58
3-4-1 ............................................................................. 59
3-4-2 ............................................................................................ 59
3-4-3 ............................................................................................ 59

........................................................................................................... 60
................................................................................................... 60

......................................................... 61
4-1 .......................................................................................... 61
4-1-1 ............................................................................. 62
4-1-2 ................................................................. 64

ii

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(02)2705-5066

4-2 .............................................................................. 65
4-2-1 ......................................................................................... 65
4-2-2 ......................................................................................... 72

4-3 .................................................................................. 86
4-3-1 ......................................................................... 87
4-3-2 ........................................................................... 90

4-4 .................................................................. 95
4-4-1 ................................................................................. 95
4-4-2 ................................................................................................. 98
4-4-3 ............................................................................. 99

........................................................................................................ 100
................................................................................................. 101

....................................................... 103
5-1 .................................................................................... 103
5-1-1 ....................................................................................... 103
5-1-2 ....................................................................................... 106
5-1-3 APD(Avalanche photodiode) .................................. 108
5-1-4 ....................................................................................... 110
5-1-5 ................................................................... 112
5-1-6

CCD ................................................................................. 114

5-1-7

CMOS .............................................................................. 117

5-2 .................................................................................... 119


5-2-1 ....................................................................... 120
5-2-2 ................................................................... 124
5-2-3 (APC) ............................... 128

........................................................................................................ 129

iii

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(02)2705-5066

................................................................................................. 130

....................................................... 131
6-1 ........................................................................ 131
6-1-1 ........................................................................................131
6-1-2 ........................................................................................133

6-2 (region) ........................................................................... 134


6-2-1 ............................................................................134
6-2-2 ....................................................................................136
6-2-3 (size filter) (expand)(shrink) ................137

6-3 ........................................................................................ 139


6-3-1 ................................................................................139
6-3-2 ........................................................................................140
6-3-3 ........................................................................................144

6-4 ................................................................................................ 149


......................................................................................................... 149
................................................................................................. 150

............................................... 151
7-1 ........................................................................ 151
7-2 ........................................................................ 153
7-3 .................................................... 155
7-4 ........................................................ 157
7-5 ............................................................ 159
7-5-1 TFT-LCD .............................................................159
7-5-2 ....................................................162
7-5-3 AOI ....................................................................165

iv

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7-6 ............................................................................................... 168


........................................................................................................ 169
................................................................................................. 170

............................................... 171
8-1 ........................................................................ 171
8-2 ........................................................................ 174
8-3 ........................................................................ 176
8-4 .................................................................... 177
8-4-1 .................................................... 178
8-4-2 ....................................................................... 181
8-4-3 ....................................................................... 184
8-4-4 ....................................................................... 193

8-5 ................................................................................ 199


8-6 ............................................................................................... 203
........................................................................................................ 203
................................................................................................. 204

LED ...................................................... 205


9-1 ............................................................................................... 205
9-2 ............................................................................ 207
9-2-1 ................................................................................... 207
9-2-2 ................................................................................... 211

9-3 ........................................................................ 213


9-4 .................................................................... 217
9-5 ................................................................................ 218
9-6 ................................................................................ 220

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9-7 ................................................................................................ 221


......................................................................................................... 222
................................................................................................. 222

...................................................................... 223
10-1 ...................................................................................... 224
10-1-1 (Vat Photopolymerization).................................225
10-1-2 (Material Jetting) .........................................226
10-1-3 (Binder Jetting) ..........................................227
10-1-4 (Material Extrusion).......................................227
10-1-5 (Powder Bed Fusion) .....................................228
10-1-6 (Sheet Lamination) ........................................229
10-1-7 (Directed Energy Deposition) .....................230
10-1-8 STL (Stereo Lithography Interface Specification) ...........231
10-1-9 ..........................................................232

10-2 ...................................................................................... 233


10-3 ...................................................................... 235
10-4 ...................................................................... 238
10-4-1 ......................................................................................238
10-4-2 ......................................................................................242
10-4-3 ..............................................................................243

10-5 ...................................................................... 246


10-6 .............................................................................................. 248
......................................................................................................... 249
................................................................................................. 249

.............................................................................................. 251

vi

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(Compressed Air)
(Pneumatic)(Industrial
Automation)

4-1

(Compressor)

(Pressure Energy)
(Service Unit)(Control Valve)
(Actuator)

()

61

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(02)2705-5066

4-1

4-1-1

(Filter)
(Cooler) (Separator) (Accumulator)
(Dryer) 4.1

4.1

1.

2.

4.2

62

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(02)2705-5066

4.2

1.2.3.

10kgf/cm2 4.3

1.

2.

3.

1.7

63

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(02)2705-5066

4-1

4.3

4-1-2

(Regulator)
4.4

4.4

64

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(02)2705-5066

(Filter)
()(Pressure Regulator)()(Lubricator)

1.

2.

3.

(Q max )

4.

(Q av )

5.

6.

60

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

4-2

1.

2.

4-2-1
1.

4.5
65

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

4.5

2.

(Single-acting Cylinder)

4.6
4.7

4.6

4.7

66

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(02)2705-5066

3.

(Double-acting Cylinder)

(Crushing)

4.8 (Barrel)
(Cap)(Bushing)(Piston)(Piston Rod)
(Seal)
4.9 4.10

4.8

4.9

67

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

4.10

4.

(Double Rod Cylinder)

()
4.11

4.11

5.

(Rodless Cylinder)

8121825324050

68

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(02)2705-5066

6380mm 8500mm 4.12


4.13
4.14

4.12

4.13

69

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

4.14

6.

(Rotary Cylinder)
(1)

40N m 270 (2) -


150Nm 360
4.15 4.16

(a)

(b)-

4.15

70

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(02)2705-5066

(a)

(b)

(c)-

4.16

7.

(Fluid Muscle)

-
102040mm 40~9000mm 6000N
4.17

(a)

(b)
4.17
71

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

4-2-2

1.

2.

3.

1.

(1) (Directional Control Valve)

4.18

4.18

(2) (Flow Control Valve)

Q A V

(4-1)

72

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(02)2705-5066

Q [m3 /s]()A [m2]V


[m/s] 4.19

4.19

(3) (Pressure Control Valve)


4.20

F
A

(4-2)

P [N/m2 ]()F [N]A


[m2 ]
1Pa=1N/m2
1bar=105 Pa=100kPa=0.1MPa=1.02kgf/cm 2
1atm=1.01325bar=14.7psi=760mmHg

4.20

73

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

2.

(1) (Poppet valve)

()
4.21

4.21

(2) (slide valve)

()
4.22 4.23

4.22

74

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(02)2705-5066

4.23

3.

(1) (Mechanical-Acting Valve)



4.24

4.24

(2) (Pressure-Acting Valve)


4.25

75

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

4.25

(3) (Magnetic Valve)

4.26

4.26

4.27

76

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(02)2705-5066

4.27

4.28

4.28

4.

X Y ()

5/2 5 2 -
AB P R
T

77

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

(1) 2/2
4.29

(a)() (b)()
4.29 2/2

(2) 4/2

4.30

4.30 4/2

(3) 5/2

4.31

78

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(02)2705-5066

4.31 5/2

(4) 5/2

4.32

4.32 5/2

(5) 5/3

4.33

4.33 5/3
79

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4-2

(6) 5/3

4.34

4.34 5/3

(7) 5/3

4.35

4.35 /3

5.

(1) (Shuttle Valve)


OR 4.36(a) 1

80

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(02)2705-5066

2 12
4.36(b)
4.37
1

OR

(a)OR

(b)

4.36

4.37

(2) (Two-pressure Valve)


AND AB
AND 4.38(a)
4.38(b) 4.39

81

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(02)2705-5066

4-2

(a)AND

AND

(b)

4.38

4.39

(3) (Check Valve)

4.40

4.40

(4) (Outer Pressure-guided Check Valve)

82

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(02)2705-5066

4.41

4.41

(5) (Flow Control Valve)

4.42

4.42

(6) (One-directional Flow Control Valve)


4.43 4.44

83

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4-2

()
4.45(a)
()
4.45(b)

4.43

4.44

84

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(02)2705-5066

(a) ()

(b)()

4.45

6.

(1) (Pneumatic Gripper)


5/2

4.46

(a) 1

(c) 3

(b) 2

(d)

4.46

85

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(02)2705-5066

4-3

4-3

(1)(Energy Supply)
(2)(Signal Input)(3)
(Signal Processing) (4) (Signal
Output)(5)(Command Execution)
4.47

4.47

86

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(02)2705-5066

1.

2.

3.

4-3-1
1.

PB() 3/2

PB
4.48

PB

PB

4.48

2.

4.49(a) PB 3/2

PB

4.49(b) PB 3/2

PB
87

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(02)2705-5066

4-3

4.49(c) PB 3/2
PB

PB

PB

PB

PB

PB

PB

(a) (b) (c)


4.49

3.

4.50 PB1 3/2

PB2 3/2
PB1 PB2

88

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(02)2705-5066

PB1

PB2

4.50 PB1 PB2

4.51 PB1 3/2

PB2 3/2 PB1 PB2 3/2

PB1

PB1

PB2

PB2

4.51 PB1 PB2

4.

89

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(02)2705-5066

4-3

4.52(a) PB 3/2
PB 3/2

4.52(b) PB1 5/2


5/2
PB1 PB2
5/2

PB
PB
PB1PB1

(a)

PB2

(b)

4.52

4-3-2
-

4-1 4-2

90

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(02)2705-5066

4-1

COM

NO
NC

COM

NO
NC

COM

NO
NC

91

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(02)2705-5066

4-3

4-2

COM

R
NC

NO

COM

NO

C
NC

92

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(02)2705-5066

1.

5/2
4.53 PB1 5/2

PB1

(a)

(b)

4.53 5/2

2.

OR
OR

4.54 PB1 A PB1 A


PB2 A PB2 A PB1 PB2
A

DC24V

0V
PB1
A+
PB2

4.54 OR

93

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(02)2705-5066

4-3

3.

AND
AND

PB1 PB2 A
PB1 PB2 A A
4.55

DC24V

0V
PB1

PB2
A+

4.55 AND

4.

4.56 PB1

R1 2 a
PB1 R1
R1 PB2

DC24V

0V
PB1

PB2

R1
R1

4.56

94

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(02)2705-5066

4-4
4-4-1

----
- 4.57

4.57

1.

SD()

TC()

FA() FB()

LB()
CB()

4.58

95

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(02)2705-5066

4-4

2.

AFFF

2
FF pAF p DF
4

(4-3)

(70-95%)P
DF
ABFB

2p 2
2
FB pAB p DB d 2
DB
9
4

(4-4)

d DDB
3

D c maxDF , DB

(4-5)

(mm)
810121620253240506380100120160200
250320
EX 20kgf
70% P6 kgf/cm2d()1/3 D()

(SOL)
()

= = ( 2 )
4
96

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(02)2705-5066

20=0.76 /4* 2
= 2.45 25mm
()

2 2
= = [ ( 2 2 )] =

4
9

20 = 0.7 6 [ 4 ( 2 ( 3)2 )]
= 2.61 32mm
25 32 mm

3.

/3

4.

1015202530354050607080100125150
160200250300320400500mm

Y ()P (
)FK ()KSG () 4.59

(a)Y ()

(b)P ()

97

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(02)2705-5066

4-4

(c)FK () (d)KSG ()
4.59

FA 5020200-Y (1)(flange)
(2) 50 mm(3) 20 mm(4) 200 mm
(5) Y

4-4-2

4.60

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

98

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(02)2705-5066

4.60

FN

p
p

1.033 A
1.033 D 2
100
100
4

(4-6)

F [kgf]N p [kPa]A
[cm2 ]D [cm]

4-4-3

1.

2.

3.

4.

99

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(02)2705-5066

4-4

5.

1. 2 kgf 65 kPa
4
2. (Regulator)
3.
4. ()(
)
5. 50kgf 75%
P6 kgf/cm2d1/3 D

100

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(02)2705-5066

1. 2004
2. 2012
3. Meixner, H. and Kobler, R Festo
1996
4. Meixner, H. and Kobler, R
Festo 1996
5. www.festo.com.tw

101

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(02)2705-5066


AC Motor

Austenite

34, 37, 38, 55, 62

66

Active pixel sensor, APS

Auto Focusing

145

187, 189, 190, 192, 193, 195, 196, 198, 199,

Actuation

202,

5, 8, 39, 49, 51, 54, 56, 63, 64, 65, 71, 74, 75,

Automated Optical Inspection

79

Actuator

12, 14, 16

8, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 59, 63, 64, 65, 68,

Avalanche Photodiode, APD

69, 70, 71, 74,

134, 135, 136

Additive Manufacturing

Avalanche

189, 190, 192, 196, 198, 199, 204, 205, 209,

135, 136

271,

Beam Expander

Advance Process Control

224, 225, 226, 248

157, 158, 160

Beam profiler

Analog Camera

192, 193

164

Bender

Architectural Models

248

281

Binarization in Image Processing

Array Searching

171

168

Array Testing Model

Binder Jetting

255, 266, 267

272, 273, 275

Attenuator

Biot-Savart's Law -

226, 227, 248

58

251

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(02)2705-5066

Boundaries Search

Darlington Pair

162, 174, 175, 184

133, 134

Capacitive Touch Panel

Data Display

251

5, 9, 10, 283

Check Valve

Data Signal Storage

69, 103, 104, 105

Chmmaticity

Data Transmission

260, 261

5, 9

Color Rendering Index

DC Motor

255, 259, 260, 270

32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 44, 52, 55

Color Temperature

Dielectric

255, 259, 260, 270

4, 5, 8, 39, 51, 53, 64, 65, 68, 69, 71, 75, 100,

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor,

257

CMOS

Digital Camera

145

164

Compressed Air

Directed Energy Deposition

79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 109, 110, 111, 112, 115

Compressor

272, 273, 278

79, 81, 85, 86

Directional Control Valve

Computation

64, 92, 98, 108, 112

5, 10, 13, 101, 102, 108, 141, 162, 163, 169,

Double Rod Cylinder

177, 183, 190, 269

88

Contact

Double-acting Cylinder

147, 148, 152, 158

87, 88, 112, 113, 115, 119, 122, 123

Curve Fitting

Electromotive Force

196

35, 57, 58, 148, 152

Damage Threshold
193

252

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(02)2705-5066

Etching

Illumination

213, 216, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 229, 232,

5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 19, 45, 78, 138, 206, 253, 255,

233, 234, 246, 248, 249, 251, 252

265, 270

Expand

Image Capture

69, 172, 173, 174, 185

13, 162, 164, 166, 184, 197

External Photoelectric Effect

Image Recognition

140

Faraday's Law

Industrial Molds

56

281

Fiber

Integrated Circuit

7, 9, 257, 258, 269

139, 145, 153

Filter

Integrating Sphere

84, 121

255, 256, 257, 258, 270

Flow Control Valve

Iterative Threshold Selection

92, 93, 104, 105, 110

170

Fluid Muscle

ITO

91

218

Forward Bias

Junction Temperature

129, 131, 263

255, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265

Gaussian Filter

Laser Cutting System

166, 168, 179

196, 198, 277

Hough Transform Method Hough Transform

Laser Direct Structuring Technology

182

207

Hybrid type Stepping Motor

Laser Energy Density

43

232, 233
Laser Overlap
232

253

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(02)2705-5066

Light Emitting Diode, LED

Material Property Variation

5, 9, 19, 44, 134, 270

10

Line Defect

Mean Filter

199, 201

166, 168

Liquid Crystal Display, LCD

Mechanical-Acting Valve

19, 22, 23, 44, 45, 246

95, 96

Lorentz's Law

Mechatronics

56

1, 3, 4, 5, 26

Lubricator

Median Filter

84

166

Lumens Depreciation

Medical Equipment

193, 255, 268, 269

281

Luminous Flux

MEMS

255, 258, 259, 260, 270

3, 53, 54, 71

Magnetic Flux Density

Micro-Actuator

56, 57, 58

51, 69, 71

Magnetic Valve

MOSFET

53, 61, 63, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 106, 113,

54

115, 116

Nano-Actuator

Magnetostrictive Material

51

70

Non-contact

Martensite

147, 153, 155, 205

66, 285

One-directional Flow Control Valve

Material Extrusion

272, 273, 275

104, 105, 106, 109, 110, 123

Material Jetting

Opto Mechatronic System

272, 273, 274

1, 5, 12, 13, 15, 16, 26, 45, 160

254

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(02)2705-5066

Opto-electronics

Photoresistor

1, 3, 5, 12, 16, 19, 22, 45, 65, 77, 127, 129, 131,

137, 138

132, 133, 134, 138, 139, 140, 142, 145, 160,

Photosensitive Resin

187, 193, 203, 204, 206, 209, 211, 251

273

Opto-isolator

Phototransistor

134

132, 133, 134

Opto-mechanical design

Phototube

26, 28

139, 140

Opto-mechanics

Piezoelectric Actuator

1, 3, 5, 13, 15, 19, 26, 31, 32, 162, 184, 241,

66, 68

242

Platinum Resistance Thermometer

Outer Pressure-guided Check Valve

150, 152

100, 103, 104

Pneumatic Gripper

Passive Pixel Sensor, PPS

88, 89, 99, 106, 107, 122, 123

145

Point Defect

Pattern 213, 216, 219, 220, 221, 225, 230,

199, 201

233, 234, 246, 292

Poppet Valve

Permanent Magnet Type Stepping Motor

94

Position Valves

42, 43

98, 99

Photodiode

Powder Bed Fusion

19, 45, 127 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135,

272, 273

145, 147

Pressure Control Valve

Photoelectric Effect

53, 93, 94

25, 65, 129, 132, 133, 135, 137, 140, 142

Pressure Regulator

Photomultiplier

84

139, 140

255

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(02)2705-5066

Pressure-Acting Valve

Sensation

96

3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 13, 16, 39, 74, 77, 127, 138, 141,

Purity

145, 146, 147, 148, 150, 154, 155, 158, 160,

259, 261, 270

190, 193, 195, 196, 206, 255, 257, 266, 267

Pyrometer

Sensor

155, 156, 157

19, 147, 148, 152, 153, 155, 157, 158, 193,

Real Time Signal Feedback

198, 213

195

Servomotor

Recursive Searching

62

171, 172

Shape Memory Alloys

Regional Search

8, 51, 53, 65, 66, 67, 77

171

Sheet Lamination

Regulator

272, 273, 277, 278

79, 83, 84, 85, 122, 123

Shock Absorber

Residual Aberration

49, 51

241

Shrink

Reverse Bias

172, 173, 174, 185

129, 131, 134, 135

Shuttle Valve

Rodless Cylinder

101, 102, 110, 111

88, 89, 90

Single-acting Cylinder

Rotary Cylinder

86, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113

90, 91, 99, 122

Size Filter

Rotor

172

3, 33, 36, 37, 40, 41, 42, 43, 62, 71, 72

Size Inspection

Scanner

15, 206, 207

221, 222, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 236, 237,

Slide Valve

240, 246, 248, 250

94, 95

256

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(02)2705-5066

SLS/SLM /

Touch Panel

272

213, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 244, 251, 252

SMD Thermistor

Traceability

151, 152

259

Solar Cell

Two-pressure Valve

24, 25, 44, 45, 204, 205, 210, 211

102, 103, 111, 112

Solid-state Sintering

Ultrasonic Motor

284

39, 40, 41, 47, 71, 73

Spectrometer

Vacuum Permeability

257

56

Stator

Variable Reluctance Type Stepping Motor

37, 40, 41, 42, 44, 59, 61, 62, 71, 72

Step Motor

41

41, 42, 45, 47, 51, 53, 54, 55, 62, 63, 77

Vat Photopolymerization

Table Look-up

272, 273

195, 196

Volt-Ampere Characteristic

TFT-LCD Repair TFT-LCD

138

199

Zener Diode

Thermal Equilibrium

131

264, 265
Thermocouple
148, 149, 152, 156, 158
Thermovision
153, 154, 155, 159
Three Phase Induction Motor

62

257

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(02)2705-5066

.
., 2013.11

ISBN 978-957-11-7325-2 ()
1.2.
448.68

102018192

5F61










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