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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import Manual for

ISO SAP082313M4 Rev. 0


Proudly developed in the United States of America August 2013

COPYRIGHT
Copyright Computers and Structures, Inc., 1978-2013 All rights reserved. The CSI Logo and SAP2000 are registered trademarks of Computers and Structures, Inc. Adobe and Acrobat are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. The computer program SAP2000 and all associated documentation are proprietary and copyrighted products. Worldwide rights of ownership rest with Computers and Structures, Inc. Unlicensed use of this program or reproduction of documentation in any form, without prior written authorization from Computers and Structures, Inc., is explicitly prohibited. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior explicit written permission of the publisher. Further information and copies of this documentation may be obtained from: Computers and Structures, Inc. www.csiamerica.com info@csiamerica.com (for general information) support@csiamerica.com (for technical support)

DISCLAIMER
CONSIDERABLE TIME, EFFORT AND EXPENSE HAVE GONE INTO THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF THIS SOFTWARE. HOWEVER, THE USER ACCEPTS AND UNDERSTANDS THAT NO WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED BY THE DEVELOPERS OR THE DISTRIBUTORS ON THE ACCURACY OR THE RELIABILITY OF THIS PRODUCT. THIS PRODUCT IS A PRACTICAL AND POWERFUL TOOL FOR STRUCTURAL DESIGN. HOWEVER, THE USER MUST EXPLICITLY UNDERSTAND THE BASIC ASSUMPTIONS OF THE SOFTWARE MODELING, ANALYSIS, AND DESIGN ALGORITHMS AND COMPENSATE FOR THE ASPECTS THAT ARE NOT ADDRESSED. THE INFORMATION PRODUCED BY THE SOFTWARE MUST BE CHECKED BY A QUALIFIED AND EXPERIENCED ENGINEER. THE ENGINEER MUST INDEPENDENTLY VERIFY THE RESULTS AND TAKE PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE INFORMATION THAT IS USED.

Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Import a StruCAD*3D File 1.2 Review Import Log 1 2

2 Read the StruCAD*3D Input File


2.1 Input File Format 2.2 Cards Read 1 1

3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


3.1 Data Control Specification 3.1.1 TITLE Card 3.1.2 OPTIONS Card 3.1.3 LDOPT Card 3.1.4 UNITI Card 3.1.5 DLCASE Card 3.1.6 TMPOPT Card 3.1.7 SECLIB Card 3.2 Joint Specification 3.2.1 JOINT Card 3.2.2 PERSET Card 3.2.3 ELASTC Card 3.3 Member Specification 3.3.1 SECT Card 3.3.2 GRUP Card 3.3.3 GRUPL Card 3.3.4 CGRP Card 3.3.5 MEMBER Card 3.4 Finite Element Specification 3.4.1 PGRUP Card 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 6 6 6 7 9 9 11 12 12

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


3.4.2 PLATE Card 14 15 15 16 17 18 19 19 20 20 21 22 22 22 22 23 23 24 24

3.5 Weight (Mass) Specification 3.5.1 WGHTCN Card 3.5.2 WGHT UNIF Card 3.5.3 WGHT JOIN Card 3.5.4 WGHT CONC Card 3.6 Static Load Specification 3.6.1 LOADCN Card 3.6.2 LOAD UNIF Card 3.6.3 LOAD CONC Card 3.6.4 LOAD MOMT Card 3.6.5 LOAD JOIN Card 3.6.6 WGHTIN Card 3.6.7 DEAD Card 3.7 Pitch, Roll, and Wave Force Specification 3.7.1 CENTER Card 3.7.2 ACCEL Card 3.8 Load Combination Specification 3.8.1 LDCOMB Card

References

ii

1 Introduction
This manual describes the capabilities for importing StruCAD*3D (or ZenScad) models into SAP2000. StruCAD*3D Version 4.3 files are currently handled. Models from other versions should also import, although this has not been thoroughly tested. It is important to read this entire manual before importing a StruCAD*3D model in order to become familiar with any limitations of the import or assumptions that have been made. The process of importing a StruCAD*3D model is broken into two main steps, namely reading the contents of the StruCAD*3D input file translating the StruCAD*3D model contents into a SAP2000 model Chapter 2 of this manual describes the first step of reading the StruCAD*3D input file, while Chapter 3 describes in detail the translation of the StruCAD*3D model into a SAP2000 model.

1.1

Import a StruCAD*3D File


A StruCAD*3D (or ZenScad) model is imported using the File menu > Import > StruCAD*3D File... command. The file to be imported is located using the file dialog box shown in Figure 1-1. Select the desired file to import and click the Open button to begin the import process. After selecting the file, if a model is currently open a prompt appears, as shown in Figure 1-2, asking whether to append to the existing model or start a new model.

Import a StruCAD*3D File

1-1

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import

Figure 1.1: File open dialog The first step of the import process reads the StruCAD*3D file to determine the contents of the model. If the file is successfully read, the import process automatically begins. An import log, similar to the one shown in Figure 1-3, is displayed, providing information on the status of the import process. Upon completion of the import process, the import log remains on the screen and should be reviewed before proceeding.

Figure 1.2: Prompt to append model

1.2

Review Import Log


The import log is visible during the entire import process and presents information on the status of the read and translation steps. The log can be saved to a Rich Text File (RTF) using the File menu > Save Log As... command on the form. Messages are categorized into the following three types and can be hidden/displayed in the log form by clicking on the buttons at the top of the form or using the commands on the View menu of the form.

1-2

Review Import Log

Chapter 1 Introduction

Figure 1.3: Import log Messages these messages are for information purposes only and do not affect the imported model. Typical messages tell the number of objects read or imported. Warnings these messages highlight items which should be reviewed after importing the model. Typically these messages are related to assumptions made during the translation process where there is not a direct one-to-one translation. Errors these messages highlight items which resulted in an error during the import process and should be resolved before using the imported model. Typically these messages are related to incorrect values in the StruCAD*3D file or an issue during the translation process. The import log should be reviewed after the import process is complete and any issues should be resolved before proceeding to use the imported model. It is also recommended that the imported model be checked for accuracy.

Review Import Log

1-3

2 Read the StruCAD*3D Input File


This chapter describes the process of reading the StruCAD*3D input file which is the first step in the import process. The StruCAD*3D input file format is described in Chapter 5 of the StruCAD*3D (ZenScad) User's Manual [GAI 2003].

2.1

Input File Format


The StruCAD*3D input file is composed of cards. Each input line (or card) consists of up to 128 columns of data, starting with column 1 and ending with column 128. Each input line is read individually and the content parsed into appropriate fields. The following sections define which cards are read during the import.

2.2

Cards Read
The following list of cards are read in during the import process. The list is categorized according to the StruCAD*3D (ZenScad) User's Manual. Details of the translation of the card data are provided in the following chapters. It is recommended that the following chapters describing the translation be reviewed as some items on the cards may not be translated. For further information about any of the cards, please refer to the StruCAD*3D (ZenScad) User's Manual. Control Specification Data Control Specification
TITLE Title of the analysis

Cards Read

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


LDOPT UNITI DLCASE TMPOPT SECLIB Load options Input units specification Concrete design load conditions Temperature options Section library hierarchy

Element Specification Joint Specification


JOINT (COORD) JOINT (PERSET) JOINT (ELASTC) Joint coordinates Joint permanent settlements Joint elastic supports

Member Specification
SECT GRUP GRUPL CGRP MEMBER Cross section properties Material and other properties Material and other properties long label Concrete material properties Member connectivities

Finite Element Specification


PGRUP PLATE Plate material and other properties Plate connectivities

Load Specification Weight (Mass) Specification


WGHT (UNIF) WGHT (CONC) WGHT (JOIN) Member distributed weight specification Member concentrated weight specification Joint concentrated weight specification

Static Load Specification


LOADCN Load condition specification

2-2

Cards Read

Chapter 2 Read the StruCAD*3D Input File


LOAD (UNIF) LOAD (CONC) LOAD (MOMT) LOAD (JOIN) DEAD Member distributed loads Member concentrated loads Member concentrated moments Joint concentrated loads and moments Dead and buoyancy loads

Load Combination Specification


LDCOMB Load combinations

Cards Read

2-3

3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


This chapter describes the translation of the StruCAD*3D model to SAP2000. Only the cards defined in Chapter 3 as being read in are discussed in this chapter. Note that not all features on each card type are imported, so it is important to review the following sections to determine what parts of the model are imported. The StruCAD*3D input file format is described in Chapter 5 of the StruCAD*3D (ZenScad) User's Manual [GAI 2003]. For further information about a particular feature or capability of SAP2000, refer to the SAP2000 manuals available from the Help menu > Documentation... command or to the interactive help, available from the Help menu > Contents and Index... command.

3.1

Data Control Specification


This section describes the imported cards that are related to various options, unit settings, and other control data.

3.1.1 TITLE Card


The TITLE card provides a description of the model and may contain multiple lines. All lines are imported and stored in the Model Description field of the SAP2000 Project Information which is accessible from the File menu > Modify/Show Project Information... command.

Data Control Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import

3.1.2 OPTIONS Card


The OPTIONS card provides analysis and reporting options. Only the code check options are currently read and used to define the steel frame design code during translation.

Load Options SAP2000 Usage Steel frame preferences design code StruCAD*3D Field Code Check Options

Table 3.1: OPTIONS "card" translaiton

3.1.3 LDOPT Card


The LDOPT card defines global parameters used for defining loads on the structure. The options are not directly translated, but are used for other cards where specific values are not specified and these global defaults shall be used. Table 3.2 shows where the parameters may be used during the translation.
Load Options SAP2000 Usage not translated not translated not translated GRUP and GRUPL steel density default not translated not translated not translated not translated CGRP concrete density default not translated not translated not translated not translated Flooding Option Water Density Steel Density Mudline Elevation Water Depth Hydrostatic Collapse Analysis Option Perform Hydrostatic Collapse Analysis on Flooded Members Concrete Density Enclosed Material Density Encasing Material Density Grout Density Marine Growth Density StruCAD*3D Field Create Output File

Table 3.2: LDOPT "card" translation 3-2 Data Control Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000

3.1.4 UNITI Card


The UNITI card defines the default input units. All of the units are read in and used during the translation process to convert the input data values to the SAP2000 model database units. If a new SAP2000 model is created, the default database units are set based on the default unit system defined in the UNITI card as follows. 'U' for U.S. converts to SAP2000 database units of kip, ft, F 'M' for metric converts to SAP2000 database units of kgf, m, C 'S' for S.I. converts to SAP2000 database units of kN, m, C

3.1.5 DLCASE Card


The DLCASE card defines the load combinations that are to be used for carrying out concrete design. The specified load combinations are selected to be used for concrete design during the translation and can be reviewed from the Design menu > Concrete Frame Design > Select Design Combos... command.

3.1.6 TMPOPT Card


The TMPOPT card defines global parameters used for temperature loads on the structure. The options are not directly translated, but are used for other cards where specific values are not specified and these global defaults shall be used. Table 3.3 shows where the parameters may be used during the translation.
Temperature Options SAP2000 Usage not translated Coefficient of thermal expansion for steel material properties generated from GRUP and GRUPL cards Coefficient of thermal expansion for concrete material properties generated from CGRP cards StruCAD*3D Field Reference Temperature Steel Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Concrete Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

Table 3.3: TMPOPT "card" translation

Data Control Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import

3.1.7 SECLIB Card


The SECLIB card defines the hierarchy of the standard section libraries. The section libraries are used when importing the GRUP and GRUPL cards. Table 3.4 shows the relationship between the SAP2000 and the StruCAD*3D section libraries.
Section Libraries SAP2000 Library AISCASD9.pro AISCLRFD3.pro not translated not translated not translated AISC1 AISC2 BRIT1 JAPN1 EURO1 StruCAD*3D Library

Table 3.4: SECLIB "card" translation

3.2

Joint Specification
This section describes the imported cards that are related to joint locations and assignments to joints.

3.2.1 JOINT Card


The JOINT card defines coordinates and restraints for point objects. Table 3.5 shows the mapping to the material properties.

3-4

Joint Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Joint Properties SAP2000 Field X Y Z Restraint StruCAD*3D Field X-coordinate larger + X-coordinate smaller value Y-coordinate larger + Y-coordinate smaller value Z-coordinate larger + Z-coordinate smaller value Fixed in Translation Along the X-axis Fixed in Translation Along the Y-axis Fixed in Translation Along the Z-axis Fixed in Rotation About the X-axis Fixed in Rotation About the Y-axis Fixed in Rotation About the Z-axis Exclude

not translated

Table 3.5: JOINT "card" translation

3.2.2 PERSET Card


The PERSET card defines permanent settlement conditions for joints. The permanent settlements are applied as ground displacements in SAP2000. The Basic Load Case Id specifies the load pattern to assign the displacement loads to. If no Basic Load Case Id is specified, the displacements are applied to all load cases. Table 3.6 shows the mapping to the ground displacement load.
Ground Displacement Assignment SAP2000 Field Label Translation Global X Translation Global Y Translation Global Z Rotation About Global X Rotation About Global Y Rotation About Global Z Load Pattern Name Coordinate System Options Joint ID Settlement in Translation Along the X-axis Settlement in Translation Along the Y-axis Settlement in Translation Along the Z-axis Settlement in Rotation About the X-axis Settlement in Rotation About the Y-axis Settlement in Rotation About the Z-axis Basic Load Case ID N/A taken as Global N/A taken as Add to Existing Loads StruCAD*3D Field

Table 3.6: PERSET "card" translation

Joint Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import

3.2.3 ELASTC Card


The ELASTC card defines spring supports for joints. Table 3.7 shows the mapping to the joint spring assignment.
Joint Spring Assignment SAP2000 Field N/A joint to which the spring is assigned Translation 1 Translation 2 Translation 3 Rotation About 1 Rotation About 2 Rotation About 3 Coordinate System Options Joint advanced local axes definition Joint advanced local axes definition Joint ID Spring Rate in Translation Along the X-axis Spring Rate in Translation Along the Y-axis Spring Rate in Translation Along the Z-axis Spring Stiffness in Rotation About the X-axis Spring Stiffness in Rotation About the Y-axis Spring Stiffness in Rotation About the Z-axis N/A taken as Local N/A taken as Add to Existing Loads Joint ID defining spring local X-axis Joint ID defining spring local Z-axis StruCAD*3D Field

Table 3.7: ELASTC "card" translation

3.3

Member Specification
This section describes the imported cards that are related to properties and geometry of frame members.

3.3.1 SECT Card


The SECT card defines dimensions and properties for frame section properties. These cards are read in but not directly imported. The data is used while importing the various group cards for frame sections. Table 3.8 shows the mapping of the various section types.

3-6

Member Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000 Section Types SAP2000 Field


not translated I/Wide flange Pipe Tube Channel Double Channel not translated Angle Double Angle General Tee not translated not translated not translated Rectangular Rectangular Tee Tee Circular Rectangular Section Label WF wide flange TUB tube section BOX box section CHN channel section DCH double channel section back to back DCB double channel section face to face ANG single angle section DAN double angle section PRI prismatic element TEE tee section CTB concentric tube with grout CON cone frustum tubular member PLG plate girder RBM uniaxial rectangular concrete beam RBB biaxial rectangular concrete beam TBM uniaxial concrete T-beam TBB biaxial concrete T-beam COL circular concrete column REC rectangular concrete column

StruCAD*3D Field

Table 3.8: SECT card shape translation

3.3.2 GRUP Card


The GRUP card defines section and material properties for similar steel frames. The GRUP cards are converted to material properties and frame section properties in SAP2000. If material properties are specified, they overwrite the values specified on the SECT cards or in global definitions. Table 3.9 shows the mapping to the material properties.

Member Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


Material Properties SAP2000 Field Material Name Material Type Weight per Unit Volume Mass per Unit Volume Modulus of Elasticity Poisson's Ratio Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Shear Modulus Minimum Yield Stress Minimum Tensile Stress Effective Yield Stress Effective Tensile Stress not translated StruCAD*3D Field N/A taken as SCAD# where # is a unique number N/A taken as Steel Steel Density N/A automatically calculated by SAP2000 Modulus of Elasticity N/A calculated from the elastic and shear moduli N/A taken from TMPOPT card Shear Modulus Elasticity Minimum Yield Stress N/A taken as 1.3*Fy N/A taken as 1.1*Fy N/A taken as 1.1*Fu Minimum Yield Stress for Web of PLG

Table 3.9: GRUP "card" material properties translation

The section properties are used to define new frame section properties in SAP2000. Table 3.10 shows the mapping to the frame section properties.
Section Properties SAP2000 Field Section Name Material Outside Diameter (Pipe Section) Wall Thickness (Pipe Section) not translated not translated StruCAD*3D Field SCAD + Group ID N/A based on the name assigned to the material properties on the GRUP or SECT card Tube Outer Diameter Tube Wall Thickness Segment Length Hot-rolled vs Built-up

Table 3.10: GRUP "card" section properties translation

Additional fields in the GRUP card are translated according to the mapping in Table 3.11.

3-8

Member Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Other GRUP Fields SAP2000 Field Member Design Overwrite Cb Member Design Overwrite Cm not translated not translated Member Design Overwirte Effective Length Factor Member Design Overwirte Effective Length Factor not translated not translated not translated Member Design Overwrite Unbraced Length Ratio Member Design Overwrite Unbraced Length Ratio not translated not translated not translated not translated not translated Cb Option Cm Option Report Skip Designation Average Joint Thickness Ky Effective Length Factor Kz Effective Length Factor Compression Flange Brace Spacing Stiffener Spacing Flooded/Enclosed Option Ly Length Lz Length Nonlinear Group ID Stress-stiffening Override Ring Spacing Skip Local Buckling Check Exclude Bending Moment StruCAD*3D Field

Table 3.11: GRUP "card" other parameters translation

3.3.3 GRUPL Card


The GRUPL card is the same as the GRUP card except it allows a longer section label to be defined. Refer to Section 3.3.2 for information on the GRUP card.

3.3.4 CGRP Card


The CGRP card defines section and material properties for similar concrete frames. The CGRP cards are converted to material properties and frame section properties in SAP2000. If material properties are specified, they overwrite the values specified on the SECT cards or in global definitions. Table 3.12 shows the mapping to the material properties.

Member Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


Material Properties SAP2000 Field Material Name Material Type Weight per Unit Volume Mass per Unit Volume Modulus of Elasticity Poisson's Ratio Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Shear Modulus Specified Concrete Compressive Strength Lightweight Concrete Shear Strength Reduction Factor StruCAD*3D Field N/A taken as SCAD# where # is a unique number N/A taken as Concrete Weight Density of Concrete N/A automatically calculated by SAP2000 Young's Modulus of Elasticity N/A calculated from the elastic and shear moduli N/A taken from TMPOPT card Shear Modulus Elasticity Compressive Strength of Concrete Concrete Type Flag N/A taken as 1

Table 3.12: CGRP "card" material properties translation

The section properties are used to define new frame section properties in SAP2000. Table 3.13 shows the mapping to the frame section properties.
Section Properties SAP2000 Field Section Name Material Depth or Diameter Width not translated Property Modifier Torsional Constant Property Modifier Moment of Inertia About 3 Axis Property Modifier Moment of Inertia About 2 Axis StruCAD*3D Field SCAD + Group ID N/A based on the name assigned to the material properties on the CGRP or SECT card Diameter or Z-dimension (depth) Y-dimension (width) Associated Rebar Label Cracked Section Reduction Factor Ix Cracked Section Reduction Factor Iy Cracked Section Reduction Factor Iz

Table 3.13: CGRP "card" section properties translation

Additional fields in the CGRP card are translated according to the mapping in Table 3.14.

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Member Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Other GRUP Fields SAP2000 Field not translated not translated not translated not translated not translated not translated StruCAD*3D Field Joint Thickness at Member Ends Skip Override Flag Interaction Curve Number of Element Segments Average Splitting Tensile Strength Member Location

Table 3.14: CGRP "card" other parameters translation

3.3.5 MEMBER Card


The MEMBER card defines frame connectivity and properties. The MEMBER cards are translated to line objects in SAP2000. If properties are specified that also exist on the GRUP/GRUPL cards, they overwrite the values specified on the GRUP/GRUPL cards or in global definitions. Table 3.15 shows the mapping to the line objects.
Line Object and Assignments SAP2000 Field Start Joint (I) End Joint (J) Section Property Releases First Joint Id Second Joint Id Group Id Release End Force in X-direction Release End Force in Y-direction Release End Force in Z-direction Release End Torsional Moment about X-axis Release End Bending Moment about Y-axis Release End Bending Moment about Z-axis Chord Angle Joint Id for Local Z-axis Steel Density StruCAD*3D Field

Local Axes Angle assignment Used to define local axes direction using advanced local axes assignment with two joints and a plane Property modifiers on the weight and mass density are assigned to the line.

Table 3.15: MEMBER "card" object and assignments translation

Additional fields in the MEMBER card are translated according to the mapping in Table 3.16. Member Specification 3 - 11

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


Other GRUP Fields SAP2000 Field not translated not translated not translated Member Design Overwirte Effective Length Factor Member Design Overwirte Effective Length Factor not translated not translated Member Design Overwrite Unbraced Length Ratio Member Design Overwrite Unbraced Length Ratio StruCAD*3D Field Flooded/Enclosed Option Average Joint Thickness Report Skip Designation Ky Effective Length Factor Kz Effective Length Factor Compression Flange Brace Spacing Number of Member Segments for Output Ly Length Lz Length

Tension/compression limit assignment. If tension only, Tension or Compression Only compression limit set to 0; if compression only, tension limit set to 0. Compression limit assignment Tension limit assignment not translated Axial Compression Capacity Axial Tension Capacity Exclude Member

Table 3.16: MEMBER "card" other parameters translation

3.4

Finite Element Specification


This section describes the imported cards that are related to properties and geometry of plate, shell, and solid elements.

3.4.1 PGRUP Card


The PGRUP card defines material and section properties for area objects. The material property values are used to define new steel material properties in SAP2000. The material properties from all of the PGRUP cards are checked for duplicates before creating the required SAP2000 material properties. Table 3.17 shows the mapping to the material properties.

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Finite Element Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Material Properties SAP2000 Field Material Name Material Type Weight per Unit Volume Mass per Unit Volume Modulus of Elasticity Poisson's Ratio Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Shear Modulus Minimum Yield Stress Minimum Tensile Stress Effective Yield Stress Effective Tensile Stress N/A taken as Steel Structural Weight Density N/A automatically calculated by SAP2000 Modulus of Elasticity Poisson's Ratio N/A taken from TMPOPT card N/A automatically calculated by SAP2000 Minimum Yield Stress N/A taken as 1.3*Fy N/A taken as 1.1*Fy N/A taken as 1.1*Fu StruCAD*3D Field N/A taken as SCAD# where # is a unique number

Table 3.17: PGRUP "card" material properties translation

The section properties are used to define new area section properties in SAP2000. Table 3.18 shows the mapping to the section properties.
Section Properties SAP2000 Field Section Name Type Material Name Material Angle Thickness Membrane Thickness Bending Stiffness Modifiers StruCAD*3D Field SCAD + Plate Group ID N/A taken as Shell-Thick N/A based on the name assigned to the material properties on the PGRUP card N/A taken as 0 Plate Thickness Plate Thickness N/A not set, defaults assumed

Table 3.18: PGRUP "card" section properties translation

Additional fields in the PGRUP card are translated according to the mapping in Table 3.19.

Finite Element Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


Other PGRUP Fields SAP2000 Field not translated not translated not translated Local Z-axis Offset Shear Panel Option StruCAD*3D Field Plate Group Z-Offset Designation

Table 3.19: PGRUP "card" other parameters translation

3.4.2 PLATE Card


The PLATE card defines three or four-sided plate elements. The joints are used to define new area objects in SAP2000. The Plate Group Id specifies the area section property. If no Plate Group Id is specified a material property and area section property are defined according to the mapping for the PGRUP card. Table 3.20 shows the mapping to the area object.
Area Object SAP2000 Field Label Point 1 Point 2 Point 3 Point 4 Section Name Plate Name 1st Joint ID 2nd Joint ID 3rd Joint ID 4th Joint ID Plate Group ID StruCAD*3D Field

Table 3.20: PLATE "card" object translation

If material properties are specified, they overwrite the values specified on the PGRUP cards or in global definitions. Table 3.21 shows the mapping to the material properties.

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Finite Element Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Material Properties SAP2000 Field Material Name Material Type Weight per Unit Volume Mass per Unit Volume Modulus of Elasticity Poisson's Ratio Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Shear Modulus Minimum Yield Stress Minimum Tensile Stress Effective Yield Stress Effective Tensile Stress StruCAD*3D Field N/A taken as SCAD# where # is a unique number N/A taken as Concrete Steel Density N/A automatically calculated by SAP2000 Modulus of Elasticity Poisson's Ratio N/A taken from TMPOPT card N/A automatically calculated by SAP2000 Minimum Yield Stress N/A taken as 1.3*Fy N/A taken as 1.1*Fy N/A taken as 1.1*Fu

Table 3.21: PLATE "card" material properties translation

Additional fields in the PLATE card are translated according to the mapping in Table 3.22.
Other PLATE Fields SAP2000 Field not translated not translated not translated Plate Offset Option Shear Panel Option StruCAD*3D Field Report Skip Designation

Table 3.22: PLATE "card" other parameters translation

3.5

Weight (Mass) Specification


This section describes the imported cards that are related to applied masses.

3.5.1 WGHTCN Card


The WGHTCN card defines a weight condition. A SAP2000 load pattern and load case is creWeight (Mass) Specification 3 - 15

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import ated for each weight condition. Each WGHTCN card is translated into nine load patterns, one each for the three translational directions, X, Y, and Z and two for each rotational degree of freedom, representing the two force components created by each rotation. Note that weights defined under a WGHTCN card are translated to equivalent loads in these load patterns only. If they are required to be included in other load cases or as mass for dynamic analyses, this should be manually setup in the imported SAP2000 model. Table 3.23 shows the mapping to the load patterns.
Load Pattern Properties SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Type Self Weight Multiplier Auto Lateral Load Pattern StruCAD*3D Field WGHTCN#-X, Y, or Z, where # is the weight condition number and X, Y, or Z is the direction under consideration. N/A taken as Other N/A taken as 0 N/A

Table 3.23: WGHTCN "card" translation

3.5.2 WGHT UNIF Card


The WGHT UNIF card defines distributed weight for line objects. Table 3.24 shows the mapping to the uniform line loads.

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Weight (Mass) Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Distributed Line Weight Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Load Type Direction Line Object Start Joint I Line Object End Joint J Distance 1 Load 1 Distance 2 taken as Distance 1 plus load length Load 2 Coord Sys No load applied if Eliminate = 1 No load applied if Eliminate = 1 No load applied if Eliminate = 1 not translated StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last most recent WGHTCN in input file plus a direction notation, such as WGHTCN1-X N/A taken as Forces N/A three separate patterns are created, one for each translational direction 1st Joint ID 2nd Joint ID Distance from 1st Joint to Start of Weight Distributed Weight at Start Weight Distance Distributed Weight at End N/A taken as Global Eliminate Weight in Global X-direction Eliminate Weight in Global Y-direction Eliminate Weight in Global Z-direction Comment

Table 3.24: WGHT UNIF "card" weight translation

3.5.3 WGHT JOIN Card


The WGHT JOIN card defines concentrated weight for point objects. Table 3.25 shows the mapping to the joint weights.

Weight (Mass) Specification

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StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


Concentrated Weight Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Point Label Force Global X Force Global Y Force Global Z Moment About Global X Moment About Global Y Moment About Global Z Coordinate System not translated StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last most recent WGHTCN in input file plus a direction notation, such as WGHTCN1-X Joint ID Joint Weight in Global X-direction Joint Weight in Global Y-direction Joint Weight in Global Z-direction N/A taken as 0 N/A taken as 0 N/A taken as 0 N/A taken as Global Comment

Table 3.25: WGHT JOIN "card" weight translation

3.5.4 WGHT CONC Card


The WGHT CONC card defines concentrated weights for line objects. Table 3.26 shows the mapping to the concentrated weights.

3 - 18

Weight (Mass) Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Concentrated Line Weight Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Load Type Direction Line Object Start Joint I Line Object End Joint J Distance 1 Load 1 Coord Sys No load applied if Eliminate = 1 No load applied if Eliminate = 1 No load applied if Eliminate = 1 not translated StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last most recent WGHTCN in input file plus a direction notation, such as WGHTCN1-X N/A taken as Forces N/A three separate patterns are created, one for each translational direction 1st Joint ID 2nd Joint ID Distance from 1st Joint to Weight Concentrated Weight Value N/A taken as Global Eliminate Weight in Global X-direction Eliminate Weight in Global Y-direction Eliminate Weight in Global Z-direction Comment

Table 3.26: WGHT CONC "card" weight translation

3.6

Static Load Specification


This section describes the imported cards that are related to load cases and applied loads.

3.6.1 LOADCN Card


The LOADCN card defines a load case id. A SAP2000 load pattern and load case is created for each load case id. Table 3.27 shows the mapping to the load patterns.
Load Pattern Properties SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Type Self Weight Multiplier Auto Lateral Load Pattern Load Case Id N/A taken as Other N/A taken as 0 N/A StruCAD*3D Field

Table 3.27: LOADCN "card" translation Static Load Specification 3 - 19

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import When importing a LOADCN card that is followed by a CENTER card and optionally an ACCEL card, the SAP2000 loadcase is built-up based on various load patterns that are created when importing the CENTER and ACCEL cards. NOTE: the scale factors used in a load case that includes CENTER and ACCEL cards are length unit dependent and should always be considered and edited using kip-ft units.

3.6.2 LOAD UNIF Card


The LOAD UNIF card defines distributed loads for line objects. Table 3.28 shows the mapping to the uniform line loads.
Distributed Line Load Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Load Type Direction Line Object Start Joint I Line Object End Joint J Distance 1 Load 1 Distance 2 taken as Distance 1 plus Load Length Load 2 Coord Sys not translated StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last specified LOADCN in input file N/A taken as Forces Load Direction Axis 1st Joint ID 2nd Joint ID Distance from 1st Joint to Start of Load Beginning Load Value Load Length Ending Load Value Coordinate System Comment

Table 3.28: LOAD UNIF "card" load translation

3.6.3 LOAD CONC Card


The LOAD CONC card defines concentrated loads for line objects. Table 3.29 shows the mapping to the concentrated line loads.

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Static Load Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000


Concentrated Line Load Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Load Type Direction Line Object Start Joint I Line Object End Joint J Distance 1 Load 1 Coord Sys not translated StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last specified LOADCN in input file N/A taken as Forces Load Direction Axis 1st Joint ID 2nd Joint ID Distance from 1st Joint to Start of Load Load Value Coordinate System Comment

Table 3.29: LOAD CONC "card" load translation

3.6.4 LOAD MOMT Card


The LOAD MOMT card defines concentrated moments for line objects. Table 3.30 shows the mapping to the concentrated line moments.
Concentrated Line Moment Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Load Type Direction Line Object Start Joint I Line Object End Joint J Distance 1 Load 1 Coord Sys not translated StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last specified LOADCN in input file N/A taken as Moments Moment Direction Axis 1st Joint ID 2nd Joint ID Distance from 1st Joint to Start of Load Moment Value Coordinate System Comment

Table 3.30: LOAD MOMT "card" load translation

Static Load Specification

3 - 21

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import

3.6.5 LOAD JOIN Card


The LOAD JOIN card defines joint forces or moments for point objects. Table 3.31 shows the mapping to the point loads and moments.
Point Load and Moment Assignment SAP2000 Field Load Pattern Name Point Label Force Global X or Force 1 Force Global Y or Force 2 Force Global Z or Force 3 Moment About Global X or Moment About 1 Moment About Global Y or Moment About 2 Moment About Global Z or Moment About 3 Coordinate System not translated Joint ID Force in X-direction Force in Y-direction Force in Z-direction Moment About X-axis Moment About Y-axis Moment About Z-axis Coordinate System Comment StruCAD*3D Field Taken as last specified LOADCN in input file

Table 3.31: LOAD JOIN "card" load translation

3.6.6 WGHTIN Card


The WGHTIN card defines the weight (masses) to be used in load cases for inertia loading. Up to 24 weight conditions are considered for each of these cards.b

3.6.7 DEAD Card


The DEAD card defines the dead weight of structural members based on a specified gravity direction. This is imported as frame or shell gravity loads using gravity multipliers in SAP2000.

3.7

Pitch, Roll, and Wave Force Specification


This section describes the imported cards that are related to pitch, roll, and wave forces.

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Pitch, Roll, and Wave Force Specification

Chapter 3 Translate the Model to SAP2000

3.7.1 CENTER Card


The CENTER card defines the center of rotation and angles of rotation used to determine the translational and rotational accelerations in order to calculate inertia loads. Table 3.32 shows the mapping of the center data.
Center Data SAP2000 Field Used to transform Wghtcn load patterns based on the global origin, to the specified center location within a load case. StruCAD*3D Field X-coordinate of Center of Rotation Y-coordinate of Center of Rotation Z-coordinate of Center of Rotation Used to calculate equivalent static loads to simulate the Rotation Angle about X pitch, roll, and wave forces, based on the equations in Period of Rotation about X the StruCAD*3D/ZenScad manual Part 4, Section 4.3.3. Rotation Angle about Y Period of Rotation about Y Heave Amplitude Heave Period

Table 3.32: LDCOMB "card" combination translation

3.7.2 ACCEL Card


The ACCEL card defines the translational and rotational accelerations and rotational velocities used to calculate inertia loads. Table 3.33 shows the mapping of the acceleration data.

Pitch, Roll, and Wave Force Specification3 - 23

StruCAD*3D / ZenScad Import


Center Data SAP2000 Field Used to define acceleration loads and to define scale factors on load patterns created from the WGHTCNs used in load cases. Used to define scale factors on load patterns created from the WGHTCNs used in load cases. StruCAD*3D Field X-translational Acceleration Y-translational Acceleration Z-translational Acceleration X-rotational Acceleration Y-rotational Acceleration Z-rotational Acceleration X-rotational Velocity Y-rotational Velocity Z-rotational Velocity

Table 3.33: LDCOMB "card" combination translation

3.8

Load Combination Specification


This section describes the imported cards that are related to load combinations.

3.8.1 LDCOMB Card


The LDCOMB card defines load combinations. Table 3.34 shows the mapping to the load combinations. Only static, PEAK, and SRSS combinations are imported. Other combination types are imported as linear additive.
Load Combination Definitions SAP2000 Field Load Combination Name Load Case Name Scale Factor Load Combination Type Load Case ID Load Case Percent Load Combination Type StruCAD*3D Field Load Case ID for New Combined Load Case

Table 3.34: LDCOMB "card" combination translation

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Load Combination Specification

References
GAI 2003. ZenScad User's Manual. Guntur and Associates, Inc. 2003

References